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I i^HiWMli^qg 













S. W. FALLON, Ph. D. HalU, 




LALA FAQIR CHAND Vauh, of Delhi, 


'... ■•'■■:...' .'H 







j J?^6. ccr^ S 








This is a companion volume to the author s Hindustani and English 

It contains more words than are generally found in other works 
with the addition of many thousand idioms and phrases with their 
Hindustani equivalents. 

Its chief features are : — 

Fhrst. — A greater degree of fullness and accuracy than have yet been attained. 

Second. — A considerable number of English phrases and idioms, with 
idiomatic Hindustani translations. 

Third, — Technical terms in European Arts, Science, and Philosophy rendered 
for the first time in popular Hindustani, in addition to the Arabic and 
Sanskrit terms in present use in Government Colleges and Schools. 

Fourth. — The primary and secondary English meanings with their Hindus- 
tani equivalents arranged in logical order. 

Fifth. — The Hindustani equivalents so arranged that the more commonly 
used or colloquial phrase comes before the less used or pedantic one. 

Sxth. — Examples, chiefly colloquial, with idiomatic translations, some- 
times in verse. 

Seventh. — The examples sometimes consist of English Proverbs, with 
idiomatic Hindustani translations and parallel Native proverbs when 
there are any. 

Eighth. — Quotations from standard authors with their metrical renderings 
to exemplify and illustrate the use and meaning of words. 

Ninth. — Affinities between Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian, and Arabic words, 
and their equivalents in Anglo-Saxon, English (with its dialects), 
and other European languages of the Arian group. 

This work was commenced by the late Dr. S. W. Fallon in 1879. 

He had personally corrected and revised up to the letter E. and had 
issued up to the word * Beastliness.' But unfortunately on the 3rd day of 
' October 1880, he died in England of mental exhaustion, leaving his work 
incomplete The Proprietors have succeeded in completing the work by the 
invaluable aid of his able and efficient staff under the supervision of Revd. 
J. D. Bate, the author of a Hindi-English Dictionary. 

The Proprietors offer their best acknowledgments to his efficient 
staff Lala Faqir Chand, Head Assistant, Lala Chiranji Lai, Lala Thakur 
Das and Lala Jagan Nath of Dehli, and Mr S. H. Wattling, Head Master 
of Darbhanga School for all aid rendered. 

In conclusion the Proprietors express their gratitude to the various 
Governments, especially to the Government of Bengal to whose sole liberal 
support the author's two great works owe their existence. 

Delhi : ) Executrix to the Estate of 

27/A June, 1883. J the late Dr. S. W. FALLON. 


adj. for Adjective. | 

EUe, fi 

or Electricity. 

Lat for 


0. T. f<n 

• Old Teutonic 

adv. f> 
Agric • 


Eng., E. • 
Eingin, ■ 

1 Engineering. 

M. • 

Mack, • 



p. 1 ■ 




Ent. • 


Afanif/. • 




AmO. > 
AsU. i 
Ar., A. 
Arch. 1 

I Antiquitiee. 
• Arabic 
1 Architecture. 

Etym. • 
Fr. i 


MoJUi. • 
Meek, • 



Paint. • 

Paleon. ■ 
Per., P. • 


AriilL I 

• Arithmetic. 
9 Anglo>Sazon. 

Gtog, ■ 
GeoL 1 



1LH.G. « 

Modem High 


' Phrenology. 
• Physiology. 

Aiiron» i 

1 Astronomy. 

Qeom. « 

> Geometry. 



. Plural. 

Boi. < 

> Botany. 

Ger., G. ■ 

> German. 

Afil: ' 


Port 1 

> Portuguese. 


9 Carpentry. 

G.G. ■ 

> Government 

Min. • 


ppsp. 1 

9 Preposition. 


» Chemistry. 


Afics. 1. 



ri Preterite 


i Chropology. 

Goth. 9 


MytK • 


Prini. 1 

1 Printing. 

CbNk 1 

r GomiAerce. 

Gr. i 


n. ■ 

> Noun. 


• Pronoun. 

Comp. ■ 


(Trosk 1 

i Grammar. 


Natural His- 


• Prosody. 

Coneh, i 



» Hindi. 



* Rhetoric 

eoi^. ■ 

» Con junction. 

h. 1 

■ honS. 

NaL Phil. » 

Natural Phi- 


■• Saxon. 

Cor. 1 

' Corruption. 

Heb. • 

> Hebrew. 



■ ScoUand. 

D, 1 

> Dutch. 

Her. 1 

1 Heraldry. 




■ Sculpture. 

d. • 


Hin. • 

1 Hindoo. 

Norm* 1 

• Norman. 

Skr., £k 

• Sanskrit. 

d. • 


' dftlnA. 



9 Icelandic^ 

Nonn. Fr. 

» Norman 


* Surgery. 

Bed 1 

» Ecdesiastical 


• Interjection^ 



• Theology. 



i CK 

' Old. 

V. a. 

• Verb Active. 

BcdLHiiU ■ 

1 Ecclesiastical 


• karoS. 

OpL ' 

> Optics. 

V. n. 

■ Verb Neuter } 



» Low. 

Omitk > 

Ornithology. | ZooL 

• Zoology. 



B6a¥8r, D. Qd-bil&o; aag-i-ftbi; saojftb. 

C^ypiy» n. ek kbtoah-ba-dosh qaum; kanjar; Ba^q^e;, nat. 

Hypothoaiif n..d&va; &n;.q&yia. 



or. far Aoriat. 


fcT Engineering. 


for Icelandic. 


for Norman. 

drp. • Carpentry. 


• Equivalent. 


" karnfi. 

Norm. Fi 

r. n NormanFrench. 

T. - Civil. 


• Etymology. 


» Low. 


f Old. 

o Dutch. 


n Farriery. 


f Miisculine. 


» Original, 

' denft. 


n Feudal. 


• Machinery. 


" dfilnfi. 



" Government 


It Manufactur- 


" Participle. 

•m. Econ, - Domestic 



p. a. 

» Participle 



" Hindi. 


» Noun. 


:/. w EccleeiMtical. 


" honiL 

Nat. Hut. i> Natural 


K Persian. 



• Hindoo. 



" Prosody. 
















; qasam; 

, qasam, 


































muzir. (group 5th) 

muzir (group 4tli) 









haine-j esJiah 










jaisa-ki ; peshtar. 

jaisa-ki peshtar. 




beja iklitivar- 

beja ikhtiyar. 




A tenuatd. 


























fard-i bnqaiya. 




32 k. 

eteraz k. 




pakk k. 

pakka k. 








L. . 

A or an, are. [A. S. an, ane one] I. ek« 

Have a maogo ! Im lijytt 
2. one (not more or less) ek 

Qive him a rupee ! Ute ek rupayd do I 
8. any^ some, koi ; kol ek ; ek.- 

Oive me a pen ! Sk qalam mujke dend / [sire. 

4. per^ biff ek ek ; har ; plchhe ; gail ; f! ; 
One rupee a yard. Rtbpd9<;az. Two anoas a man. 
Admi pickhe (fS gail) do dne, yd do do dne. 
One anna a day. Jind rot ; ek dna roz. 

5. {be/ore pi. nouns.) ek ; se. 

A few men. Kuchh ek, kai ek, yd chaad ddml. 
A great many men. Sk khalqcU ; bari kkcd- 

qat ; Bahut $e Uxj ; bahvU tdre log. 
Nowadays. In dinoh ; dj kai ; dar-ihvUd. 

A, prep. I. (In comp,) on, par; apar; men. 

aboard kithti par ; Rshore kindre par ; agoing ehaltd ; 
afoot paidfd, pdoh pdoh, pairoh, pdpyddah. [kftran. 

2. {In eomp,)fory v&ste; khatir; lije; ko; 
done ahuoting. Shikdr ko gayd, 
A I., ikka; jakk&; ek. [chak. 

Aback, adv. [A. S. on bcee] aclianak ; achan- 

Taken all aback. Bhuchak rah ^ai. [picbhftri. 

Abaft, prep. [A. S.a <fe cg/tan behind] plchhe ; 
Abandon, v. a. 1. relinquish, h&th uthHui ; chhor 
baithna ; b^z anSl ; dast-bardar h.; dast-kash 
\l; kinara-katih h.; la-dava h. 

He abandoned all hopes of recovery. 

Zindgl te hdih dho Mthd. [tajnS. 

2. desert, chhorna ; chhor d. ; tijagti& ; 
In the Mutiny the people abandoned their 

homes. Qadar men log bdg apnd apnd ghar 
ehhnrke bkd^ gaS. 

3. surrender, saunpna ; de deniL 

4. renounce, tark k. ; taubah k. 

Abandoned, part. adj. bigfa hua; kharab ; bad- 

maash ; be-haya. [Worn. 

Abandoned wretch. Khojre pita; nigord ndth(L 

Abandonment, n. ti jag ; tark. 

Abase, y. a. utama ; darja ghatani ; zalTl k. 

Abasement) n. an-adar ; ap-m&n ; khuari ; be- 

izzati ; khiffat ; zillat. 
Abash, V. a. lajEna ; sharraanE; sharmindab k. 
Abashed, adj. lajjit ; sharmindab ; pasheman ; 

Abate, v. a. [H. pU beat] 1. lessen, kam jK 

kamti k. ; ghaUnft ; takhfif k. 2. deduct, 

gfaatani ; tafrfq k. ; minh& k. 3. mitigate, 

mandi, maddham, dhima, y& halka k. 4. 

(Law) remove, dilr k. ; hat^na ; uth&n&; rafa k. 
To abate a nuisance. Bdis-i-mazarrat rafa k. 
To abate a demand. Ddve men kartd karnd. 
Abate, ▼. n. I. become hss, kam h. ; ghatna ; 

kaiDti h.; manda yii halka parnll. 

Th« storm has abaUd. Tflfdn mandd par goy^. 

2. suhsifle, baitbnH ; baith jina ; thamn& ; 
utarna; takhfif h. 

Abatement, n. I. diminution, kami; ghati; 

ghatti ; ghatSo ; takhfif. 2. discount, phirautl; 

uprii; katautl. [khUna; mazbah; maslakh. 
Abattoir, n. [Skr. badh to kill] kamelA; bachar- 
Abbess, n. f. bal ; mahantnl ; guryanl. 
Abbey, n. (Utn.) math; guru-duSra; R&m- 

duarS; (Pfnh) dera ; (Mah.) kh&nq&h. 
AbbDt, n. (Hind.) mahant ; math-dhari ; (Mdh.) 

Abbreviate, v. a. [Per. burldan to cut] khul&sa 

k, ; mukhtasar k. ; sankshep k. 

Abbreviated form. Mtikhtatar M&rat, 

Abbreviation, n. ikhtisar; sankshep ; khnlasah. 
A. B, C. n. kakke ; alif, be, te. 
Abdicate, v. a. tajna. See Abandon, I. 
abdicate a throne, takht yH gaddi chhof ni ; 

r§j pat tajna. [tajdlyd. 

The king abdicated his throne. Rdjd ne rSj pdt 

Abdomen, n. pet; ojh ; jathar; (contemp.) 

jhend ; dhenda; (Panj.) didh ; shikam. [j&na. 

Abdnct, V. a. bhaga ya nik&l le j^na; bahk& le 

To abduct one's wife. KUI kijorUbkagd lejdnd, 

Abdnction, n. {Law) mastarat yS larke ka 
targiban yH jabran nikal le jana ; istii athy& 
bachchon ko phusli ya dhamka-kar bhaga 
lejana. [khoan; tifl-i-maktab. 

Abecedarian, n. sikhta^; nau-amoz; abjad- 

Aberration, n. I. deviation, ku-rit; gnm-r3iil; 
chuk. 2. (of mind) be-hoshi ; bad-bavasi ; 
junOn ; khalal-i-dimag. ^. (optics) nazar ka 
dhoka; nigah ki chak ; chalii nigah pher. 

Abet, y. a. [A. S. betan, enkindle.] I. help, 
madad k. ; eanat k. ; himayat k. ; pan&h d. ; 
dast-girl k. ; bachana. 2. urge, allure, uksani ; 
phaslana ; bahk&nH ; igva k; targlb y& l&laoh 
d.; barangekhta k.; yargal&nna. 

3. counsel, sikhd.; salah dena ya batinS; 
manhvara d.; tadbir batan&. [sahHeta; eanat. 

Abetment, n. maUad ; dast-glrl; madad-gari; 

previous abetment, madadgari qabl az vuqiL 

subsequent abetment, madadgUri blUl az yuqCL 

Abetter, n. madad-g&r-i-jnrm ; muavin-i-jurm. 

Abeyance, n. iltavae-chand-rozah. 

in abeyance, multavl ; thaira hull. 

Abhor, y. a. nafrat k. ; karahiyat k. ; hiqSrat 

k. ; ghin kbana ; haqir janna. 
Abhorrence, n. ghin; hiqarat; nafrat; karihi- 

yat ; tannffur ; ikrah. 
Abide, v. n. [A.S. abidan. Per. biplan, Skr.dvot ] 

ABI i 

l^itap^ thairaft; (ikn&; derftk.; utarnE; 

qaj&m k. 2. remain^ rahnft ; bana rahna ; 
jari rahna. 3. du>eUy baaui; ab&d h.; btid o 

bash k. ; BUkOnat k. 
abide hy^ pi&-band rahnU ; bar-qar&r rabti& ; q&- 

yam r8iiQ& ; maxbdt rahni ; pakk& rahii&. 
abide by a fromue^ baohaa pOrft k.; Y&d& paiH 

k. ; iqr&r par& k.; iflUS v&d& k. 
abide by oris word, b&t par pakk& rahni; 

bauhan pQdl k.; apne qaul par aibit rahn& ; 

apnl b&t se na hatoi. 
abide his, tola j& gh&t& uth&Q&; tot&8ahD&. 
made to abide loss, toU Bahu& pa^; gh&ti 

utb&a& pal's. 
Ability, n. [Lat habUisy H. hat] 1. power ^ t&qat ; 

sor; shakti; s&marth; pr&karam; sakat. 2. 

abilitiesy capacity j iatedad ; liy&qat > q&bliyat. 

3. authority, adhik&r; ikhtij&r; maqdflr. 

4. refonrcM, aam&a; haiaiyat; 2sariy&; vasila. 
Ab initio, adv. sire se; &d se; shura y& ibtid& se. 
AfaQOCt, adj. 1 . applied to persons, nlch ; khiAr ; 

past ; kamin&; zaliL 2. condition of things^ 
buri ; nikammi ; kharab ; heoh ; ii&-k&rab. 

abject in spirit, past-himraat ; be-dil ; bod&. 

Afaij^uref ▼• ^' saugand; qasam; sOn y& kiriyK 
khEn&; taubah k. 

Ablative, adj. (Oram,) samprad&n; ohaturthl; 

Able, adj. [A. S. abcU, H. bal, strength] 1. com- 
petent, qabil ; mustaid ; simarthi. 2.JU, jog; 
jogi; layaq; q&bil. 

An able man. QibU iSdnO, 
3. {In comp,) jog; pizir ; talab; as, mar- 
riageable, bar-jog, biy&han-jog; tractable^ 
tarblyat-pizir ; questionable, saval-talab. 

to be able, v. n. 1. competent, l&yaq h.; qahil h. 
2,capahU, sakn&; basan&; bas chaln&; 
ikhtiy&r ya t&qat rakhoa. 

Able-bodied, adj. bal-yaut; bal-v&n; hatti 
katta; takri; taqat-var; zor-avar; jav&n; 
mot& taz&. 

Ablutaon, n. 1. purification, ashnEn; nah&n; 
pauoh-ashnSuI; vuzil. 2. toashifig the hands, 
etc after any unclean action, hath pan! len&; 
ab-dast ; taiiarat ; bara istanja ; p&kL 

Abluvion, n. prav&h ; bahanS ; daryft-burd. 

Ably, adv. achchhi tarah so ; achchhi ; khtlbl 
ke s&th } khab. 

Abnegate, v. a. [Lat. abnegare, ab + negare, H. 
ndtnd, to deny] nahin k. ; n&hk«; natu&; 
mukarna ; muuKir h. 

Abnegation, n. nahin; n&t; inkir; inhir&f; 

Abnormal, adj. be-qSMa ; an-r!t ; a-bidh. 

Aboard, ady. jahaz ya n&o par, expressed by par^ 
or men with the word boat or ship cu, in a 
ship jah&z men ; on board kishti par. (In 
comp.) savar, as aboard ship kishti-say&r. 

Abode, n. 1. house, ghar; mak&n; der&; kothi; 
bauglS; asthan. 2. residence, bks&; bad o 
bish; riySsat; rah&s; sukQnat; maskan. 


Abolish^ ▼. a. 1. make void, tofni; u(h& d.; 

rad k.; mansukh k.; (an office) torua; mauqUf 

k.; bar-khast k. 2. destroy, mit&n&; nestk.; 

nest o n&-bQd k.; kaladam k. 
Abolition, n. barkhasta^; bar-tarfi ; mauqOfi; 

mfBisOkhl; istirdEd. 
abolitmnof slavery, giil&mon kl &z&dL 
Abominable, adj. karih; makrilh ; bora ; papl ; 

AlMminate, y. a. kar&hiyat k. See Abhor. 
Abominatioit, n. kaHUiiyat. See Abhorrence. 
Aboriginal, adj. pahle ki; purEna; asli; 

qadim; pr&ehln. 
Aborigines, n. priohin log; asli ya qadim 

Abort, y. n. apdran-garbh girnl ; pe^ ya hamal 

girui; garbh-p&t h.; isqat-i-hamal h.; kach- 

oh&jana; (o/timo^) tan&; (flowers or fruit) 

kachch& jEn&. 
Abortion, n. 1. garbh-p&t; isqat-i-hamal ; hamal 

gimft. 2. kachchhE garbh. 
to procure abortion, hamal giraiti&jisq&t-i-hamalk. 
Abortive, n. (Med,) hamal giraue ki dava ; 

musqit ; garbh-pat aukhad. [a-pflran. 

Abortive, a^. 1. defective, adhfXr^ ; kachcha; 

2, vain, ak&rath; nis-phal; birth&; be- 

&6d&; la-h&sil; rft^n. [k. ; n&-karah kar d. 

to render abortive or null, birtha y& nikamma 

Abound, y. n. bahut h.; bharpllr h.; rel pel h.; 

pur h.; kasrat ya iMt se h. ; bahutat lu 

The place akoundi m natural beauties. 
It jagah bajrd tamd bahdh rah& hoL 
The palm tree aboandt in BengaL 
BangSt mm tat bahut hold haL 

About, ady. [AJ8,abutan, a on, (SkK d around), 
be, {Skr. v%), ut, vie, utam, (Skr. ut) out.] 

1 . around, chahfi^ or ; obaron taraf ya or ; 
ird gird; girda-gird. [qarib; qarib kar-ke. 

2. approximately, paspEs; qarib; ek; an- 
About five yards. Pdhehek gat. 

3. here and there, idhar udhar ; it ut; sab 
y& bar taraf; ja-ba-jE ; bar kahin. 4. upon 
the point of, anqurib; taiyEr; ko; %madi»h. 

I was about to go. Main Jane ko thd. 

5. more or less, thora bahut ; kamti ba^h- 

ti ; kam o ziy&da ; kam o besh ; takhminan. 

bring about, kan^na ; bar l&ua. 

come about, ani ; parna ; bona. [mashgtil h. 

go about (a work) pairavl k. ; lagn^ ; masrUf ya 

About, prep. 1. round, ore dhore ; as pas ; 

chahOn or; me&; ird gird; gird; girdagird. 

About the neck. Gait men. [men. 

About the house. Oharkeoredhorc; tdre ghar 

2.nearto,ySM; nazdik; dhore; nikat; 

nefe; lag bhag ; qarib. [pgtrakkho/ 

Have your thhigs about you ! Apni ekiz apm 

3. relating to, bare ; dar-bare ; babat ; 

madde; nisbat; men. 4. employed upon, la- 

ga-hua; men; masrUf; maBbgUl; mutavajjah. 

About one's business. Apiu kdm men. 

Above, prep. 1. higher in place, Qpar ; Onchi ; 

baland. 2. beyond, pare ; dUr ; b&har; baid. I 

3. mor« than, barh-kar ; Qpar ; siva j ziyfl- 

dah ; se-ziy&d&h. 4. too high for, barh-ke ; 

barh-kar, opp. o/kuohh haqiqat nahf6. [kdve. 

Above one's work. ApnA kAm our dp Ai ndk chafr- 

from cibove, Qpar se ; ftsman se. 

AbovO'^Etll, adv.- sab se ziyadah ya pahle; avval. 

AboTe«bo«rd) a^v. khiila khuli; sab ke samne; 

praghat ; bar-inala; ohaure men ; khullam 

Aboye-dted, Above-mentioned, p. p. mazktUrah- 

bali; marqQma-b&l& ; masttlrah-b&l&« 
Above^eck, adv. kishti ya jahaz lu chhat y& 

takbte par. [oUitfe, jlt& ; zindah. 

Above-groimd, adv. 1. dharti yt zamin par. 2. 
Above-measure, adv. be-audazah ; be^bam&r ; 

andaze se b&bar ; an-ginat ; be-had. 
Above one another, adv. ek par ek ; ek ke 

apar ek ; tale tlpar ; ttpar niche ; tab ba-tab ; 

ek dusre par. [yi kotbe par, 

Above«stairs, adv. zine ke ilpar ; bilil-kb&ne 
Above, adv. [A. S. abufan, like, abaft, q. v. A. S. 

a on, Skr. a all around, A. S.. 6d-ti/V, Skr. vt 

up] 1. overhead J upar ; unche; sir par. 

The sky above, the earth below. 
£JMr ambar, uUe dharti, 

t. before^ pahle ; peshtar ; sllbiq men. 
Abrade, v. a. ragarnft ; ghisnH ; ohhilna. 
Abrasion, n. I. act of rubbing off, ragar ; ragyi ; 

ghisal ; gbissa. 2. mcMer worn, chhflan. 
Abreast, advr pahlU-ba-pahla ; ham-qadam; 

saths&tb; barabar; saf-bastab. 
Abridge, v. a. I. epitomize, kbulasa k. ; mukb- 

tasar k. ; intekh&b k. ; cbbot& k. ; sank- 

shep k. 2. diminish, ghabUna; kam k.; 

kamti k. [khab ; ikhtisar ; sanksbep. 

Abridgment, n. l.«itmmary, kbulEsa; into- 

2. ditnintUum, kami ; ghati ; ghatao. 
Abroad, adv. \,aJt large, khule bandon; cb^on 

raste mokle. 2. out of the house, bahar ; 
pare ; beran. 3. in anotfier country, par-des ; 

bides ; gair mulk men. 

To go abroad. PardesjanA, 
4. in all directions, sab taraf ; cb&ro& or ; 
jahan taban ; be-thik&ne. 
Abrogate, v. a. [A. rod reject.] uthi d.; topia; 

rad k.; mansukh k. 
Abrupt, adj. 1. brcken or rugged, uttha-hua; 
8idh2; unoha. 2. ^t^fei^, ach&nak ; n&gah&n. 

3. une<mnected, be-jor ; nkhii hul; be-rabt. 
Abruptly, adv. acbanak; acbaiichak;yakayak; 

yak ba-yak;yak-b&rgi; dafatan. 
Alffi^tness, n. roughness, ubhar ; uthan ; kbur- 

dara-pan. 2. abrupt manner, be-dhanga-pan; 

AteesB, n. pbora. [ru-posb h. 

Ahieond, v. a. bb&g jana ; faiar b. ; gayab h. ; 
o&iooficl with property, m^l le-kar bbag jana. 
Alaenee, n. [Lat. abesse, from ab, and esse, Skr. 

at to be.] L opp. of presence, gair-hazri; adam- 

manjUdgi ; gaibat ; pTchhe. 

In <»ie't abeenee. KUl ke pichhe yd gaibat men. 

2. separation, bichhoyi; biyog ; birah ; 

judai; alaihdagij furqat; bijr; firilq; mu- 

ftraqat; muhajarat. [hharaktd hai. 

Absence aharpens love. Prov. Firdq men ishq 

Absent, adj. \,not present, gair-bazir; gayab; 
matijud nahln. 

Long absent is eoon forgotten. Prov. jJnM f^hal 
pahdr ojhal, Prov. {A$ didah dUr, at dil dQr, P.) 

2. inattentive, an^hit ; gafil ; achet [ana. 
to be absent, v. n. gairhazirb.; hazir na h. ; na 
Absentee, n. shakbs-igair-hazir. 
Absolute, adj. 1. unconditioned, qayam-biz-zat ; 

fard ; asll. 2. unrelated, be-lagao ; gair-nis- 
bat; alaihda; vajib-ul-vnjud; be-taalluq. 

3. autocratic, khud-mukhtar; kul-mnkhtar; 
mutlaq-ul-inan ; mutlaq ; kul; suadhm; 
kulkullan. 4. positive, vaqai ; qatai ; natiq ; 
shafT; saf; do-ttik. 5. unconditional, bilk- 
qaid ya shart; gair-mashrut. 

6. (Gram.) zulhal (case absolute,) [adbikar. 
absolute power, ikhtiyar-i-mutlaq ; sampuran 
Absolutely, adv. 1 . vnthout restriction, bila-qaid 

ya shart ; bilkul ; mutlaq ; mahz ; sarasar ; 

nipat,' nira. 2. without re^a^um, ba-nafs-i- 

bi ; bi-zat-i-h! ; ba-asl-i-hi ; ap hi ap. 

Z, positively, zurur; bil-zurur; la-kalam; 

albatta; khuah-makhuah. [yd Idhud hai. 

It is absolutely necessary. Teh bahtU hi gurUr 

absolutely impossible, mahz gair-mumkin ; ma- 

Absoluteness, n. 1. completeness, takmil; pura- 

pan. 2. despotism, kbud-mukhtari; mut- 

Absolution, n. 1. acquittal, rihai; khalasi; 

bariyat; chhutkara; makhlasl. 

2. remission of sins, raagfarat ; nijat ; 

moksh; nirban ; mukti; mochh ; nistaiil. 
Absolve, V. a. FLat. absolvere, from ab, and 

solvere, H. chhornd to leave] bail k. ; riha k. ; 

absolve from responsibility, barl-uz-zimma k. ; 

riha k. : chhutkai^ d. 
Absorb, v. a. [Lat. absorbere from ah, and 

sorbere, H. ^o^Tkitosnck in] sokna; chUsna; 

pma ; uthana ; jazb k. 
to be absorbed, v. n. (Met.) dubna ; garq h. 
Absorbent, adj. sokne-vala ; jazib. [chiisna. 
Absorption, n. sok ; jazb ; hava ya pan! 
absorption in animals, janvaron ka pan! chusna. 
absorption in plants, darakhtonka pani chQsna. 
Abstain, v. n. baz rahna ; alag rahna ; bachna; 

ohhorna ; parhez k. ; bazar k. 
Abstemious, adj. parhez-gar ; parsa ; muttaqi; 

bhakt; sant; bhagat. 
Abstemiousness, n. parsa! ; parhezgari ; ittiqa ; 

zohd ; taqva ; etedal ; bhakti ; bbagtu. 
Abstergent, adj. See Abstemious. 
Abstinence, n. parhez ; etedal ; bandhej. 

Abstinence is the best regimen. 

Parhez sab se achchhd ntuiha hai. [eshid. 

Abstinent, adj. bhagat; parhezgar; muttaqi; 

Abstract, v. a. 1. take from, alag k. ; juda k. ; 

alaihda k. ; karh lena. 2. purloin, nikal 

leoa i cbura lena ; ubhar d. ; chhupa rakhna. 
3. epitomize, khulasa k.; sankshep L ; tat 

nikal lena. 
Abstract, adj. 1. bila-vujud ; qayam bil-gair; 

am. 2. absU^ute, daqlq; muahkil; bank; 

pecbida ; g^rh ; gabra. 
abstract number, kora ank ; adad-i-mujarrad. 
Abstract, n. kbulasa ; sanksbep ; tat ; iutikbab. 
abstract noun, nam-l^bak; ism-i-jaubar ya 

zat. [chittbH; gosbvan^. 

idatract of an account, cbittba babi ; bisab ka 
in the abstract, mujmilan ; fil-junila. 
Abstracted, p. adj. absent, ^l ; be-kbabar ; 

dal»k bua ; garq ; lau-lln. [karb lena. 

Abstraction, n. 1. </t« act, alaibdagi; leni; 

2. the state, garq ; mabv ; be-kbabrl 
Abstruse, adj. katban ; musbkil. 
Absurd, adj. [Lat. surdus, A. sum deaf] b^d-ul- 

qayas; na-maqul; bebdda; utpatang. 
Absurdi^, n. bebtidagi; vahiyat; utpatang; 

lagy ; kburafat , muzkbarafat. 
Absurdly, adv. bebQdagI se ; be-vaqOfi se. 
Abundance, n. rel ; rel-pel ; bobtat ; kasrat ; 

ifrat; mala-mal ; rez. 
Abundant, adj. babutera; babut-sa; gbana; 

m&la-m&l ; kasir ; vafir ; kafl o \l£L 
Abundantly, adv. rel-pel se; ifrat se. 
Abuse, V. a. 1. misuse, bura bartao k. ; beja 

sarf k. 2. use foul langu^ige, buril bbala 

kabni ; gali d. ; dusbnam d. ; madarkbwa- 

bi k. ; tabattuk L 3. defile, be-izzat k. ; 

abrti ya burmat lena. 
abuse or poison onis eair^ kan bbarna ; kan 

men pbQnkna. 
Abuse, n. 1. Ul-use, bad custom, bura bartao; 

buri rit ; ku-rit ; ku-cbal ; bura dastfir ; bad- 

istemal; bad-muamlag! ; badtrasmi; amal- 

i-beja. 2. foul language, gali; gali galauj; 

gali guftar; dusbn&m. 3. vioUUion of the 

person, buril kam ; ku-karm ; buri bat ; buri 

barakat; bad-feli; be-izaati; be-burmati; 

zina; mujamaat; mubasbrat; sobbat-dari. 
ahuse of power, ijrae ikbtiyar-i-na-jayaz; taj- 

&vuz-i-mansabi ; ziyadati ja sulm-i-bukOmat 

ya ikbtiyar. 
^iuse of vfealth, sarf-i-boja. 

The aduse of riches is worse than the want 
o£ them. Prov. Sarf-i-b^d h n^dUrl hehtar. 

Abases, n. pi. buraiyan ; an-nijao ; ai^dher ; 

kbarabiyan; be-ins&fi; zulm. 
Abusive, adj. foul-mouthed, munb-pbat ; mQfth 

ka phura ; bad-zaban y& lagam ; jibbaril ; 

mukbark. [See Abuse, 2, 

abusive lajiguage, bakni bftten ; fobsb zabiln. 
Abut, V. n. lagua; cbbiina; takkar khana; 

bbirna ; samne ya muqabil h. 
Abyss, n. atba. 

Acacia, n. babul ; kikar. [madrasa. 

Academy, n. 1. School of Plato, Aflat Qn ka 

•2. society of men, giyan-sabba ; anjuman- 

i-ilmL 3. university, sbkla-mandal; rig-sb&la; 

madras&t-ulHnadiins ; bait-ul-ultUn. 
Aceede, ?. n. yield or auent to, manna; 

manzur k. ; qubtLl k. ; taslim k. 
Accelerate, v. a. cbal ya daur barbani ya tez k. 
accelerated motion or velocity, n. (Meek,) barbti 

cb&l; mutazaid n\iqdar-i-barakat ; bardbit 

gati parmanQ. 
Acceleration, n. tez-raft&ri ; tezi. 
Accent, n. 1. tone, ucbcbaran; but; labja. 

2. stress, dabao ; zor ; barakat ; av&z ka 
utar cbarbao, ya thamao. 

3. mark, ncbcbarau-cbinb ; sur-cbinh. 
Accent, v. a. zor d. ; zarb lagaua ; labja ada k. 
Accentuation, n. 1. marking the accent, ucb- 

oharan-cbinb lag&na. 2. accent, q. y. 

Accept, V. a. 1. receive kindly, lena; le lena; 

qubOl k. ; taslim k. 2. api^rove, bbana ; suba- 

n& ; acbcbba lagna ; kbxisb aua ; pasand k. 

3. agree to, mi una; qublU k. ; taslim k.; 

rfizi b. ; manzur k. 

accept a bill, bundi sakama. [dida. 

Acceptable, adj. mau-bhaona; acbchb&; pasan- 

Acceptance, n. 1. pasand; manzuri; taslim; 
qubCiliyat ; ruzamaudi. 2. (of a uH>rd) istilabi 
ya am rnani 3. {of a bill) sakara. 

negotiate after acce^'tance, sakare picbhe becbi 
k. ; muutaqil karna bad sakarne ke. 

Acceptation, n. See Acceptance, 1, 2. [mani. 

conventional accej'tation, bartao artb ; istilabi 

literal accej'tation, shabdh-arth ; lugvi manL 

the general acceptation of a uford, am mani. 

Accepter, n. {of a bill) snkat ii ; sakarue vala. 

Access, u. I . way of approach, bat ; rah ; rasta ; 
ar jar ; guzar ; ana jaua ; amad o rafL 

2. means of approach, pahuuch ; paitb ; 
rasai ; bar-yabi ; dakbl. 3. addition, bar- 
hot ri ; bar-an)ad ; iza£9i. 4. attack, {a fit), 
cbarbao ; amad ; daura. [sabayak 

Accessary, adj. madad-g&r; muavin; sahai; 

Accessary, n. sathi ; sab&y ak ; sbarlk ; madad- 
gar ; muavin. [r&z-dSlr bid-majra. 

accessary after the fact, sbarik ma-bad-i-vuqu ; 

accessary before the fact, sbarik maqabl-i- vuqQ ; 
raz-dar qabl-i-majra. 

accessary to a crime, ham-jurm ; sbarik-i-jurra. 

Accessible, adj. pabunohne-jog; mumkin-ul- 
dakbl ; qabil-i-bar-yabi. 

Accession, n. 1. increase, barbotri; bar-amad; 
izafah ; taufir. 2. (to a throm), raj-gaddi ; 
abhisbek ; takht-nasbini ; raj tilak ; julus. 
3. See Access, 3. 

Accidence, n. biyakaran ; sarf o nahv. 

Accident, n. 1 . chance, san-jog ; ittefaq ; arza. 

2. quality, gun ; bbao ; kbasiyat; sifat. 

3. (Logic), bbao-sanjog ; kbavas-i-arizi. 

4. (Gram,) bhibakti ; gardan ; sarf. 

b. occurrence, sar-guzasht; ruedad; vari- 

dat ; vilqia ; m^'ra ; h&disa. [pahuhchna. 

to meet wii^ an accident, cbot lagna. ; sadma 

Acddentaly adj. 1. fortuitousy saDJogl ; akas- 

mati; na-gahaui; Samani; ittif^I. 
S. non-es9€niialy sanjogi ; arizi. 
aecideiUal qualities^ khavas-i-arizl. 
Aoddentallj, adv. saD-jog se ; ittifaq se. 
Aficlfciin, Acclamatdon, n. dhann ; afrin ; shs- 

bash; tabsin; marhaba. 
Acelimatioiiy Acclimatatijn, n. muafaqat-i-ftb 

haYa ; paun pam ka ras ana. 
AccliYitj, n. charbai; uncbai; balandl; irtifa. 
AccftTimiodate, v. a. 1. adapt , ek dhang ikhti- 

j&r k. ; mu&fiq k. ; mutabiq k. ; rang men rang 

roilaiuL; yaksan k. 2. reconcile^ mel mtlSp 

kartui ; safiil yH sulab karSnft. [muafiq k. 
aecommodalU one^$ »elf to the times, zamaue ke 
Aecommodatioii, n. l.ijmee, samai; jagab; 

gunj&isb; roakan ; kamra. 2. conveniences, sS- 

miu ; asbib ; aram kl cbizen. 3. adaptation, 

mel; ek-rangi; muafaqat; mutabaqat. 
4. aciiustmeni, mel-milap ; safaT. 
5. 2aan, udhar; bath-udbar; dasi-gardan. 
AccompaAiiiient, n. 1. sanjog kaiflyat ; lavaz- 

ma. 2. (Jfafitf.) Is dene-vala; dam-saz. 
Accompaay, v. 1. sang b. ; sStb h. ; aath yS 

sang &ua ya jan&; bamrab b. 2. (a song,) a» 

d.; dam-sazlk.; satb deuE; avaz milSna. 
ADeomplice, n. sbarik ba-7aqti-jurm ; abarlk- 

Aeoompliilif v. a. 1. complete, pura k. ; sampu- 

ran k. 2. end, ant ko pabui^cbanE ; anjSm d.; 

kbatam k. ; tamam k. 3. ^n, kam-ySb b. ; 

marid, matlab, y^ rnuddaa pan&. 
4. fufjil, pura k. ; baja lana ; ada k. 
Accomplithed, adj. 1. perfect, punl ; kamil ; 

lasiL 2. elegant, sugbar; parbin ; kbu8b-ad&; 

Yaxa-dar ; mubazzab ; sabib-i-salTqa. 
AecompliBhmeiLt, n. I. completion, purantSi; 

nibhao ; takmll. 2. perfection, kam&l ; kama- 

liyat ; fazTlat. 3. attainment, pirapti ; kam- 

yabl; matlab-barari ; busul-i-muddaa. 
4. skill, gun; bunar; jaubar. 5. elegance, 

Bogbraj^; ada; sallqa; tabzib; vaza-darl. 
Accord, ?. n. 1. suit, milna; sajnS; muafiq b. ; 

mutabiq b. 2. harmonise, lab' men lab' milaui ; 

sur milana ; rang ya dbang mililna. 
Accord, ▼. a. ban k.; bam! bbaruS; angikar k.; 

qnbul k. ; manzur k. ; razT b. 
Accord, n. 1. agreement mel ; milap ; mutaba- 
I qat; muafaqat; mun&iibat. 2. union of 

mind, ek-mat ; ek-dilT ; raza ; ittifaq-i-ri^. 
3. harmony, til -mel ; ek-suri. 
€f his own accord, ap se ; ap bl ap ; apnl 

macBi 86 ; kbud ; khud-ba-kbud ; az-kbud. 
of one accord, ek-dil ; ek-mat ; ek-ra^. 
Aeeordanee, n. muUlbaqat. See Aocord, 1. 
ui aeeordance with, according to, anusar ; b»- 

m&jib; ba-bukm; ba-nazar; ba-lihaz ; ba- 

marid ; miUlfiq ; mut&biq ; basb ; ba-qadr. 
Aecordlng as, jaisa ki ; mano ; jann; jis tatiab; 

goy&. [ya rivaj ke raut&biq. 

recording to eutlom, rit-anua&r ; ba-dastur; rasm 

according to him, uske kabne se; uske nazdik ; 

uske baiyan se ; uake cjknl se ; uske raiS ya 

nazar men. 
according to order, aggya-anusar ; hasb-ul- 

bukm ; bukm-ba-mujib ; basb-i-fiEmnan. 
Accordingly, adv. is nt se ; is tarab se; chu- 

n&nobeb; aifirbaz-al-qayas ; b bet, k&ran, 

ya liye ; is sabab ya ru ge. [rnju h. 

Accost, V. a. bolna ; mukbbatab kamft ya h.; 
AccoTUilhemeikt, n. jap& ; janna. 
AccoxLCbeiir, n. janauiifL ; janane-Y^a. 
Accoucheose, n. dai; janai. 
Account, n. 1. compiitation, ior; shnmSr; his&b ; 

mlzan. 2, (rehUing to money), lekba ; bisab 

kitab ; len den ya jama kbarcb ka bis&b. 3. 

nai ration, baman ; sar-guzaabt ; hal ; kai- 
flyat ; tafaH ; bayan. 4. examination, pQcbb 

pacbh ; pCtchb ; jaficb ; paital ; imtib&n. 
5, sake, advantage, liye; Taste; mare; 

iibaz; kbStir. 6. estimation, giuti; baisiyat; 

. babat ; qadr o manzalat ; rutba ; martabah. 

7. reason, k£ran;bet(l; sabob; bais; yajab. 

account books, bahl kb&ta ; babivan ; bisab ki 

kitaben. [marrab bisab. 

account current, cbalta lekba ya bisab ; roz- 
account of current demands, tauzl bal. 
account of lands, mavazlna ; raqba-bandi. 
account of outstanding balcmces, pana ; b2ql 

kaifiyat ; dain gair-ul-vusQl. 
account of receipts and hcdanas, bisab jama 

yasil baqL [kbarcb* 

account of receipts and disbursements, bisftb-jam& 
account of sales, bikri ka bisab. 
an accouiU of oneself, apni sargusasbt; ap- 

blti; apne bal kl kaifiyat. 
cailed to account, javab-talab. 
coih account book, rokar-babl. 
day or waste account book, khasrab ; naql babi. 
deist in account, kbarcb men likbna. 
give an account, bisab d. 
of no account, nikamma ; kial karat ka nabiu ; 

pucb ; na-cbiz ; becb ; naqis. 
on account of, bishe ; babat; vaste ; is karan 

se ; ba-jebat ; ba-illat ; ba-dalil. 
on account of arrears, ba-illat-i-b&qi. 
on your account, tumbare bisab men ; tumbSri 

open an account, lekba dalnE ; bisab kbolna. 
post an account, kbata k. 
private account book, ny babi. 
rotsgh account, kacbcba bisab, 
suspense account, jakar ; alal-bis&b. 
suspense account book, jSkaf babi. [band k. 

to dose an account, lekba deorha k. ; bisab 
to credit in account, jama bbanUl ya k. ; siyaba k. 
to draw an account, jama kbarcb likbna. 
to keep an account, bisab rakbna. 
to plcbce to account, bahl yi bisib men cbarlii- 

na ; mabsub k. [saf k. 

to settle an account, lekba parcbba k.; bisab 
to turn to account, nafa nikalua ; nafa utb&na. 

Account, v. a. 1. esteem, ginnft; 8amajhn&; jft&ch- | 

lA; januE; bich&r k.; lih&s k.; khay&l k. 
2. reckon, giona ; gintl k.; shum&r k. 
Account, y. n. give an account or reason for, 

sababbat&na ya bay&n k.; vajah subilt d.; 

dalil d. ; asl y& vajah bat&n&. [zimme-v&r. 
Accountable, adj. jav&b^eh ; q&bil-i-b&z-purs ; 
Accountant, n. 1. munib; jam& kbarch-navis; 

mahasib. 2. hiB&b-dan, 
village accountant, patvSri ; muhftsib'i^deh. 
Acconntant^neral, 'mah&sib-i-alSL 
Account book, bahi; daftar bahl; hia&b kl 

kitUb ; bajaa. 
Accounts, n. pL hisilb ; hisab kitlLb. 
accounts of revenue, jamU vasil b&ql ; hisSlb^i- 

m&l-guz&i I. [fard-i-his&b ; khul&sa. 

abstract of accounts, goshvarah ; band biB&b ; 
adjustment of accounts, lekb& parcbha ; his&b 

chukUl; tasftya-i-his&b. 
examine or audit accounts, babi kh&tft dekhnft ; 

his&b partaln& ; hisab j&ncbna y& imtih&n k. 
accounts rendered, bis&b de dTy& y& 8amjhay&. 
make up cuicotmis, bisab kit&b durust y& tbik k. 
private accounts, nij ka hisab ; kbaugi*bis&b ; 

K&ti bisab. 
to settle accounts, lekl^ parcbha k, ; cbukUl k. ; 

bisab obuk&Qa ; bisab faisal ya sILf k. 
village accounts, j^oh kbat&; g&on k& his&b; 

written off the accounts, his&b se kb&rij bu&. 
Accoutre, v. a. sajana ; banao thauao k. ; vardi 

pabn^na; &rastabk, 
AccoxLtrements, n. equipment, sftj ; s&z o sam&n; 

s&m&n; bathiy&r; asbab; lavilama. 
Accredit, v. a. mukhtar k.; ikhtiy&r d,; elcbl k. 
accredited agent, mukbULr-^i-kul ; motabar nau- 

kar ; politikal afsar. [dat ; ilbaq ; b&sbi) a. 
Accretion, n. barbUva ; afzQui ; ftmad ; 2av&6- 
Accrue, v. d. i. be added, jupift ; nikalnH; 

baf bua ; paida h. 2. {commercially) basil b.; 

nafa h. ; paida h. [amad ; daiy&r&. 

accrued by alluvion, darya Gang-banlr ya bar- 
cause of action accrued, hivSA d&viSl paid&, q&* 

yaw, ya vaqe bu&. 
right accrued, baqiyat pabu&chlyft b&sil hul. 
Accnmolate, v. a. ikbatti k.: batom&: dber 

k. ; ek j& k. ; jama k. ; faiUbam k. 
Accumulation, n. dber; todab ; amb&r. 
Accuracy, u. [Lat. cura ofure,A.,gaur attention] 

sacbal; sat; kbaril-pau; r&sti; durustf; 

aehat ; sadaqat. [sablh. 

Accurate, adj. tbik ; obaukas ; durust; r&st; 
Accurately, adv. tbIk yH durusti se. 
Accurae, v. a. [Skr. sardp, H. kos] See Curse. 
Accusation, u. dosb ; tbuddi ; cnbudd& ; sbi* 

k&yat ; ilzatn ; illat. 
Accusative, u. (Gram,) karam-k&rak ; mafdL 
Accuse, V. a. ilzam yft dosb laginft; mulzim 

tbairani : kis! illat met. m&kbQz k. 

A ccusing the times is but excusing ourselvei. 
Zaindne ii •kikditfat apnd bachAo, 

aeeuse falsely, kalank lag&u& ; au-dokhT ko dosb 

lagana; tUfau joyuft; jbUtft ilz&m ya tobmat 

the person accused, sbakhs-i-mikbQz. 
Accuser, n. ilz&in lag9ine-yala ; muddaL 
Accustom, V. a. b^u dahi& ; &dat daln& ; nem 

k. ; mamUl yft dastUr b&ndhn&. 
Accustomed, part adj. kbOgar ; m&mQli; &dl. 
Ace, n. I. (of cards), ikka; ikllL 2, (of dice), 

pau. 3, a particle, ratti ; zarrab. [kar&hgd, 
I wont bate an ace. Main rattl bhar bam nahih 

Acephalous, adj. be-sir. 

Acerbity, n. tezi ; tundl. 

Acerose, adj. (Bot.) nukila; pain%; nok-dar. 

Ache, D, [A. S. ace, Skr. edsa, H. chls pain] 

pir; dukh; Us; cbis; dard. 
Acuie, y. u, dukhna ; piriua ; tisiia; obasakna ; 

kasakiia ; diird k. [anjam ko pabuncbaua. 
Achieve, y, a. 1 . accon^lisli, pQra k. ; nib&biia ; 

2. gain, paua ; paid& k. ; basil k. 
Achievement, n. bahadurl k^ kam ; badl bhari 

ya musbkil kara ; nuihim ; kar-i-numay&u. 
Achlomydeous, adj. (Bot.) bar-augl. 
Achromatic, n. adj. raiig-tor ; be^rang. 
Add, adj. [Lat. acidus, H. Ma^Jd] sour, chQk ; 

kha^ta; amal; turush. [tez4lb. 

Acid, u. 1. kha(ki; cbak; tursbl. 2. (Cliem,) 
Acidity, n. khattapan ; kbatas; khatal ; tursbL 
Acidulate, y. a, kba(»(a k. ; kbatai d. ; tursb k. 
Acknowledge, y. a. [Skr. gnd. Per. dan know] 

1. own, manna: qubul k,; iqbal L; manzUr 
k. ; taslim k« 2. confess, h^u k. ; banmi 
bbama ; qubulria ; iqrar k. ; miiqir b. 3. (a 
letter, etc.) pabuiicb likbua ; rasid likhna. 

Acknowledgment, n. 1. confession, baubl; 

iqb&l ; iqr^r. 2. cut of attd talion, mansuri ; 

qubtiliyat; taslim. 3. receipt, pahuuch; 

rasid ; qabz-ul-vusul ; jav&b. [u&iuah. 

acknowledgment q/'otrn^«/a'p,dbaubpatr;taml!k- 
deed of acknovoledgment, iqrar-naiuab. 
endorse acknowledgment of notice, ittila-shud 

ya ittila-yabi likbiia. 
Acme, [H. sim&, limit] had ; uri^j ; intiha. 
Aconite, n. bis ; zahr. 

Acorn, n. bilut ka phal. [k!i ilm. 

Acoustics, n. shaitd biddiya; ilm-i*sama; avaz 
Acquaint, y. a. [Lat. cognitus, Skr. jnd know] 

jat&na ; ag&h k. ; ittila k, ; kbabar d. 
Acquaintance, n, 1. with a person, jan pahch&n ; 

ashn&I; rauUqat ; yaqfiyat 2. with persons 

or things, figahl ; kbabar ; yaqfiyat ; rabt ; 

ilm ; dakhl, 3. a personal acquaintance, j^n- 

pahchau ; ilshua ; dost ; sabab^alamti; mu- 

l&qati; yaqif-kar; nifiq. 
Acquainted* adj. Hgilb; yaqif ; mabram; mftlilm. 
Acquiesce, v. u. mauua; taslim k. ; rfizi h. ; 

mauzur k ; qubal k. [mandl 

Acquiesence, n, manzQri; razH; raarzl; raza- 
Acquire, y. a. l.gainy paua ; basil k. 

2. attain, kam^ua; pr&pt k.; paidi k.; 
tahblln& ; tahsU k. 


Acqviramdnt, n, \, the <%ct of acquiring ^ prftpt; 

husul ; tahsil ; iktis&b. 

2. «(:iZ/, hunar; ilm; liyfiqat; isted&d. 
Acquisition, n. See Acquirement. 
Acquit, y. a. [A. qata, H. kat cut] 1. absolve^ 

chhonift ; rih& k. ; be-gunah thaii^n& ; ujlft 

manhk.; surkh-rQk. 2. clear from obligation^ 

bank.; ban-ul-zimtnah k. [l^i; bariyat. 
Acquittal, n. {In law) chhntkailL ; rihal ; kha- 
Acquittanca, n. 1. ditoharge from a debt, be- 

kAqf. See Acquittal 

' 2. a receipt, rasid ; qabz-ul-vusul. 
deed of acqt^ance, bharpai; chukauti; filr* 

khata; farig-khati; la-da v&; safal-namah* 
Acre, n. (Cor.) ekar ; angrezl bigha. 
Acrid, adj. [Lat. acer, H.ktrvd bitter] 1. hot and 

biting^ ohtarpBi^ ; jhalii; tita. 2. acrimonious, 

ten ; sakht ; tursh ; karva ; talkh ; zahr. 
Aeri^ty, n. 1. charpar&hat ; ohirchir&hat ; 


2. {of language) turshi ; tezi ; tundL 
Acrimonious, adj. tez. See Acrid. 
Acrimony, n. See Acridity, 2. 
Acrobat, n. nat. 

Aerjss, prep, and adv. 1. croasu^ise, H^S ; bain- 
da; tirchh&. 2. over, ar-par; par; var-p&r. 

to go across, p^ bona ya jana ; par utam& ; 
daryil-pSir h. ; parle par jan&. 

Act, V. n. [Lat. actus done, Per. kardan, Skr. krl, 
ti.kafdo.] l.bein action, kam&; kam k.; 
harakat k.; mutaharrik b. 2. perform 
functions, apna kEm k. 3. produce effects, 
gun k. ; biyapna ; k&r-gar b. ; asar k. 

Act) ▼. a. I, do, karna ; baja lana ; barakat k. ; 
amal men lan&. 2. represent, swang banan& 
yi bbama ; rtip dikbana ; naql k. 

3. perform an office, kam d. ; karna. 
actjudidal/y, bar siir-i-ijlas tajviz k. [takmil k. 
aett^ to, nibllhn& ; kar-band b. ; anj&m d. ; 
tottct ina case, muqadme ki pairavi k. 

to act upon, lagna ; kar-gar b. ; muassir b. 

Act,n. 1. deed, kam; kaj ; kartat; kami; 
kiriyi ; kartab ; kar ; amal ; fel. 2. a law, 
ua ; qanUn ; ekat. 3. a flay, chauk ; suafig 
jk naqal ka bissa. 4. {In law) d^va ; qaziyab. 
5. readiness, amadagi ; taiyari ; kamar-bandL 
He WM in cLctio strike. Woh mdmt ho (h&, 

eut of faith. See Auto da fe. [ballL 

od of Ood (Law) afat-i-arzi o samavl; az-gaibi 
Aeti, n. kar ; kar-ravai ; amal. 
acts done in a cause, tadbirat aur nayisbt o 

adsoffke ^ipo^^fyam'tl-i-bavarL [{Cor) ektang. 
Acting, adj. {in a post) q&yam-maqaml; evzi; 
Actinism, sUraj kl kimon k& gun ya asar. 
Actinometer, n. kiran*n&p. 
Action, n. 1. a deed, fel. See Act, 1. 2. opp. of 

rmt, ohAl ; harakat. 8. incidence, cbot ; asar; 

sadmah; h&dsab. 4. a battle, la^ ai. See Battle. 
to he slain in aeUon, lar&i men m&ra jftna ; 

kbat rahna ; klm &n&. 5. gesticulation, bbllo ; 

nirat; ad&. 6. series of events represented, 

lag&tar birt&nt ; silsilev&r m&jril. 

7. {Law) dava ; muqaddamab ; nSlisb. 
action against one, nalish ful&ne par ; nalish 

action in favor or on the part of one, n&lish yi 

dava az tarf-ifuUn, ya«fulane ke nEm y& 

taraf se. [mu^mlagl. 

an unprincipled action, kliota mu&malah; bad- 
cause or ground of action, binae ya mad&r-i- 

dava; vajab-i-nalish. 
civil action, muqaddama-i-divanL 
criminal action, muqaddama-i-faujdarl. 
personal action, n^lisb-i-zStu 
subject or subject mntterofthe action, sbaS divi. 
Actionable, adj. saza-talab ; adalati; n&lish ke 

layaq ; nalisb dajar kame ke q&bil. 
Active, adj. 1. the potoer or quality, karta ; ftil. 

2. causing (hange, miitabaddil. 3. pro- 
ducing motion, barakat dene-v&la. 4, (opera- 
tive, kar-gar ; guni ; muassir. 5. constantly 
acting, energetic, kam-kaja ; sar-garm ; meh- 
nat-pasand; mebnat-kash; mehnati; mas- 
ruf ; masbgQl. 6. brisk, phurtTla ; cbarpaiil ; 
tez ; ohalak. 7. practical, bart&Q ; baratne- 
jog; karne-jog; mutaalliq-i-kar bir; iste- 
mali; amalL ^. {Gram.) transitive {verb) 
sakarmak; mutaaddl 9. {Med.) turat dauf ne- 
vall ; tez ; sarl-ul-asar ; sari-ut-taslr. 

Actively, adv. phurti se ; jaldl ; tez. 
Activity, n. 1. quickness, pburti ; turat phurat ; 

ten, 2. motion, cb^l ; barakat ; barakat-i- 

jismani y& ruh&nl ; masbq. 
Actor, n. 1. a doer, karta ; karvaiya; kame-v&la; 

&mil;faiL 2. player, bhand; su&ng!; s&n- 

git; naqqal. 
Actress, n. bbandnl ; naqqalan. [asl. 

Actual, adj. yathSrth ; viqai ; haqTql ; asli ; 
Actually, adv. haqfqat men ; asal men ; dar- 

asal ; fil-vaq^ dar-baqiqat. 
Actuary, n.jan-blma lagan e-val^ [angekhtah k. 
Actuate, v. a. uksana ; tabrik k. ; bais b. ; bar- 
Acumen, n. b^rik-bini; tez-fabml; daqiqa-rasl; 

firasat; zak&vat. 
Acuminate, adj. {Bot.) nok-dSr. 
Acupuncture, n. [Lat acus, H. «in needle; Lat. 

punetura, H. pdchhncl pricking], pacbbn&; sUI 

cbubbon^l; godn^; bbonkn&. 
Acute, adj. 1. sharp, paini; tikbl; tlkhsban ; 

dhSU'-dar; tez. 2. {Geom) nukili; cbonch-d&r. 

3. penetrating, ohatur; tez-fahm; hoshiyar. 
acute angle, sukra kona ; ziviya-i-hadda. 
acute-angled triangle, sukf e kone k^ tikhUAt ; 

musallas hadd-uz-zaviyah., [bimari; hidda. 
acute disease, there din ka rog ; sakht ya shurU 
acute pain, sakht dard. 

acutely crenelled (Bot.) nukl1& go1-kat!L [tezT. 
Aouteness, n. 1. sharpness, dhar; pain^pan; 

2. penetration, pahunch ; tezI ; tez-fahml ; 
rasii; zakavat. 

3. {ofadise<ue)kMhi; sakhtl: shiddat. 

Adage, n. [Lat. adagium from agere to lead, 
H. agvdni guide] kahavat ; masal ; maqulah. 
Adagio, XL (Mua.) dhim! tal. 
Adamantine, adj. hire sa sakht; almSsi; 

bahut h! sakht y& kar&. 
Adam*fl apple, n. kanth. 
Adapt, 7. a. ek mel kk k. ; miULna ; samtul k.; 

vaisa hi karnft ya banaua ; muafiq k. 
Adaptation, n. mel; sanjog; muafaqat; 


Add, y. a. [Lat. dare, Skr. dd, H. dend, Per. 

dddan to give] 1. joiriy jorna; mil&aft; 

lag&D&. 2. ( Artth.) jorna ; jama k. [Prov. 

Add little to a little and it will be a great heap. 

Phaion phiUoh kar-ke tdldb bhartd hoi, Pro?. 

{Andak andak mtihavad bity&r. Per.) 

Adder, n. sanp ; sarp. [&dl. 

Addicted, p. p. latija ; dhatiya ; kha-gar ; 

Addicted to gambling. Jui kd dhoHyd. 
Addition, n. 1. increcue, ^or ; barhotrl; beahi; 
iz&d ; taufir ; izafah ; ilhaq. 
2. (Arith.) jor ; jama ; miz&n. 
Compound tuldition, Jamd murakkab ; miJLxdh jor. 

in addition to, QprI ; sath ; balai ; siva ; ma^. 

Additional, adj. adhik; ziyadah; faltQjsiva; 
msizld. [taufir; afzaish. 

Additians, n. beshi ; Izad ; izafah ; fazil ; 

Addled, p. p. ganda ; khaki. 

An addled egg. Oanda andd, 

addle-headed, addle-pated, thos ; matth&; kund. 

Address, V. a. 1. (one^(^ ^o) lagaaa ; dhiy&n, 
chit, y& man lagaua ya d. ; mayal h. ; mut- 
Tajjah h. ; ruju h. 2. speak, bolua ; kahna ; 
mukhatib h. 3. direct, as a letter, pata y& nam 
likhnE ; liHtfah likhna. 

Address, n. 1. speech, guzarish; sipas-namah ; 
darkhuaat; bayaa ; taqrir; vaz. 2. (of a per- 
son or on a letter,) thikana ; nam o nish&n ; 
patah ; sarnamah ; nam o nishan. 3. title, 
laqab ; khitab. 4. courtship, mangnl ; chah 
jatana. 5, manner, dhang; uthna baithna; 
nishast o barkhast ; vaza ; saliqah. 

A man of pleasing address. Khush-vaza ddml, 

6. «l;i//, jugat;bar-jastagI;amadagT; mustaidi. 
address and management, chustl aur hikmat-i- 

amali. [na ; bayan k. 

Addnce, v. a. age lanE ; lan& ; pesh k.; guzran- 

Adduce an argument. Dalil land yd pcsh k. 

Adept, n. [Lat. apisci to pursue, Skr. ap to 

obtain,] nstad; hunar-mand ; kirigar; fizil. 
Adept, adj. pur& ; ghuta hua ; pakka ; pukhtah; 

mustaid; fazil; kar-azmudah; tajruba-kar; 

kamil ; mazbut ; mahir. 
Adequate, adj. barabar ; saman; jog; k&ft; 

l&yaq; mut§.biq; mu&fiq. 
to be adequate, k&fi ya thik h. 
Adeqaat3ly, adv. pura ; thik ; jaisa oh&hiye ; 

munasib taur pe. 
Adhere, v. d. 1. stick to, aainK: chipaknft; chi- 

patn&; chimatua; lipatni; la^ rahna; 

jurua. 2. (to a person, party, or opinion) 

p&band ya qayam rahna ; Bibit-qadam rah- 

n&; mazbnt y& pakk& rahn&; mustaqil 

Adherence, n. tenacity, fidelity, dhlrta^ qa- 

y &m ; istehk&m ; istiqial ; istiqamat ; sa- 

bit-qadml ; vafll-darL 
Adherent, adj. satht ; sanghi ; ligil ; hainra- 

hi; taraf-d&r; rafiq. 
Adhesion, n. 1. (of things) chipUu); chimat; 

chipak ; lagao. 2, (to a cause, scheme, etc,) 

pabandl; iqrar; manzdrl; ittefaq. 
Adhesive, adj. laslasa; chipohif^; las-dar; 

luab-dar ; chep-d&r. 
Adien, intj. Ram R&m ; jae Ganesh ; sidh karo ; 

Khuda hafiz ; fi-aman-illah ; Allah bell. 
to hid adieu, rukbsat h. ; sidharna. 
Adien, n. namsLS-kar ; pal&gan ; Ram Ram ; 

bandgi ; sal&m alaikum. 
Ad interim, ady. itne men ; is asnl men ; dar- 

Ih-vila ; itne arse men. 
Adit, n. [Lat. adire, Skr. r% to flow, Per. ran 

go,] nail ; bamb& ; morl. 
Adjacent, adj. pas; dhore; nikat; nere; 

mulhiq; mulsiq; qarib ; muttasil. 
A^jectiyal, adj. gun-bachak; sifati; sifHtiyah. 
Adjective, n. (Gram.) bishoshan ; gun-bachak ; 

sifat. [^ifat mausu£ 

an adjective with its noun, bisesb bisbeshan ; 
Adjoin, v.n. [Lat. Jiin^po, Skr. yug, H. jor join] 

jurn&; juta h.; laga h. ; milna; paivastah 

h. ; muttasil h. ; mulhiq h. • 

A^jonrn, v. a. multavl rakhna. [rozah ; tatiL 
Acyonrnment, n. chhutti; telam; iltivae chand- 
adjournment of the court, barkhastagl-i-adalat. 
Adjudge, V. a. thairanil ; qarar d. ; tajviz k. ; 

tasflyah k. ; faisal k. ; hukm d. ; fatva d. ; 

digrl k. 
adjudge possession, qabzah dilana. [Adjudge. 
Abjudicate, v. a. nabera k. ; tajviz k. See 
Abjudication, n.[taj viz ; faislah ; uabefa ; nim- 

tera ; tasfiya. 
Ac(junct, n. izafah. Sco Addition, 1. 
Abjure, V. a. saugand, sGn, kiriya, ya qasam 

dena y& khilana. 
Adjust, V. a. 1. regulate, sudbarna; sarijana; 

tartib k. ; qariue se lagaua ya dharua ; 

Banvama ; thik k. 2. adapt, q. y. 

3. settle, manaua ; mil&tia ; safal, sulah, 

ya milap karvana ; rafa k. ; razi k. 
AcUusted, adj. 1. arranged, sijal hua; murat- 

tab. 2. decided, faisal hua ; tasfiyah hua. 
Z, settled, chuka hua; nibta hua; pak 

hua ; saf hua ; qata hua. 
Adjustment, n. tasflyah ; safal ; faislah. 
adjustment of account, tasfiya-i-hisab. 
adjustment of arrears, infisal-i-baqaya. 
adjustment of rents, tasfiyah-i-lagan. 
adjustment of shares payable, aiik-bandi. 
amicable adjustment, apas ka tasfiyah ; bah am 

rafadUd ; panchaetl faisla. 
AcQutant, n. \. an officer, (Cor.) Ajltan. 
2. the bird, garur ; khagesh ; hargila. 



AdminiBter, v. a. 1. manaffe, intizara k.; bando 

bast 1l 2. ffivey dena; pahunchana; bakhshna. 
admitiuier an oath, balaf ya saugaud d. ; 

GaDgil-jall utbvaua. 
adadnisUr juitice, dad d. ; adalat k. ; insaf k. ; 

haq k. ; nijao karna ya cbukana. 
adwumster medicine, dava dcua ; ilaj k. 
administer the law, qaiian par tamll k. ; nitl 

anOkul k. ; mansha^ qauiin nafiz k. 
administer the Siicramenij 1. parsad baDtna; 

tabamik taqslm k. 2. manage, sar-barahi k. ; 

kir-ravai k. ; intezam k. 
administer as an agent, mukhtari k. 
Adndiiistratidii, n. 1. management, band o bast; 

dar o glr ; intezam ; nazm o nasq ; ehtimam. 
2. government, raj ; hukm-raul ; amal-darl; 

bokiimat ; saltanat. 3. executorsliip, kar-i- 

▼asL 4. (of an estate) adbkar ; sarbariLh- 

kari; ebtim&m;insiram; taullyat; val&yat. 
administration of justice, adalat k. ; muqad- 

dama k. ; nisfat-sheari ; adl-gustari. 
administration paper, band o bast ka kagaz ; 

iqr&r-namah-i-band o bast ; kagaz-i-debi. 
rigorous administration, dusb-sh&saD ; sakht- 

glri; kar& raj ; sakbt iutez&m y a amal-darl. 
AdministratiTe, adj. amall ; iutezaml. 
AdminlatratoT, n. kar-kun; sar-barab-kar ; 

sarbarilb ; munsarim ; mnntazim. 
administrator to a toill, vasl. 
administrator of justice, hakim-i-adalat. 
Admirable, adj. bahut hi achchha; umda; 

khub; sarahnegog; tarif ke qabil; qabil-i- 

Admirably, adv. achchbi tarah se ; khasi ya 

kbub tarah se ; khubl ke sath ; umda taur 

kiimWstlj n. [Lat admiraldus, Fr. amircU ; A. 

amIr-ttZ-6aAr] amlr-ul-bahr; jahazi sipah-salar. 
Adaiiralty, n. amir-ul-bahrl. [taajjub. 

Admiration, n. achraj ; &shchaij ; achamba ; 
Admire, v. a. 1. regard with wonder, achraj k. ; 

achambhah.; mutaajjib h. ; taajjub k. 
%, prize Jughly, sarabna ; afrin k. ; tarIf k. ; 

tahsin k. 
Admirer, n. 1. one who admires, sanehi; sarahne- 

Tala ; tarif karne-vila. 2. a lover, ch&hne- 

▼ala; lattu; fareftah; yar; ashiq. 
Admissibility, n. qabliyat-i-mcoizuri ya samaat. 
Admissible, adj. 1. that may he admitted, qabil- 

i-manzurl, samaat, ya sunval. 2. allowable, 

parmani ; rava ; mubab ; jayaz ; vajib. 8, that 

mag be accepted, qabil taslim jK pizlral. 
admissible ^to the toomens apartments, midi- 

ram ; apne ghar-ke (the brothers and other 

rdataves and their dependants). 
Admission, n. admittance, paith; bar-y&bl; 

b&r; guzar; {access) rasill; pahooch; rasid; 

(roocA) dakhl-yftbi ; dakhL 
edmissian fee, fis-i-dilkhlak 
aimissiost money, bhet ; zar-i-bSry&bi ; nazar; 

bhet-poja; nazrin&; zar-i-madakhlat. 

Admit, V. a. 1. let in, ane d. ; paithne d. ; 
dakhl d. ; dakjiil k. 2. allow, aggiya d.; 
parvangi d. ; ijazat d.; hukm d. 

3. receive as true, m&nna; sah! qarar d.; 
taslim k. ; jayaz rakhna ; rava rakhna ; 

anglkar k. 

4. afUrm or confess to, ban k. ; iqrar k. ; 
muqir h.; iqbal k.; qubQl k.; qubuluii; 
motarif h. [maqbulah. 

the thing admitted, mana hua ; iqriUr-shudah ; 
Admixture, [Lat. misceo, Skr. mishr to mix] 

milaunl; mel; amezish. 
Admonish, v. a. samjhana; kan kholn&; jat&- 

na; siksha d.; fahmayash k. ; tanbih k. ; 

naslhat k. ; mutauabbeh k. 
Admonisher, n. slkshft kame-valU ; naseh. 
Admonition, n. siksha; sIkh fahmayash; 

Admonitory, adj. sarojhavni; fahmayashi. 
Ado, n. 1. trouble, dardsari ; jabr ; takllf; 

tasdla ; diqqat. 2. bustle, bakhera ; jha- 

mela; khatrag; khatkhata; thakthaka; 

jhagra ; titamba. 

Much fido about nothing. Nd-haq h, tattibah 
tUld, Bin mart H taubdh dlidt, 


with much ado, ban diqqat se ; beran ber&n 

kar-ke. ; Khuda Khuda ya Kam R&m 

Adolescence, n. kishor>avasth^ [kam-siu. 

Adolescent, adj. kishor; na-bMig; sagir-sin, 
Adonii, n. {of the East) (Hin.) Kanhalya ; 

(Mah.) Yusuf. 
Adopt, y. a. receive as one^s own, apna k.; manna; 

pasand k. ; ikhtiyar k. ; dharan k. ; grahn 

k. ; mauzur k. [ taslim k. ; anglkar k. ; 2. 

(a child) god lena ; le-palak k. ; biryau lena; 

beta kar lena ya banana ; mutabann^ k. 
adopted by eunuchs, bachkana ; launda. 
adopted by a prostitute, nauchi; chhokri; 

adopted clUld, palak-putr; le-palak; dharam- 

putr; pus-putr; pisar-i-khu^dah. 
adopted faiher, dharam ka bap. 
Adoption, n. \, the act, m&uta; angik&r ; 

ikhtiyar ; dharan ; taslim. 
2. tlie state, god ; tabniyat. 
Adoptive, adj. 1. le-palak; god liya hui; 

mutabanna. 2. god lene-vala ; mutabannl. 
Adorable, adj. puj&jog ; pujnie; v&jib-ut- 

tsizim ; qabil-i-parastish ; pujjia. 
Adoration, n. puja; pujil pat; fohakU; pujH 

pattri; parastish; bandagi; ibadat 
Adora, v. a. pdjnH; parastish k.; sijda k. 
Adorer, n. 1. worshipper, pujarl; bhakt; abid. 

2. admirer, ashiq ; chalme-y&la. 
Adorn, y. a. sing&m& ; sajana; arUish k. ; banao 

k. ; ban!lo thau&o k. ; tip tip k. ; tim Um k. ; 

arastah k.; zinat d.; i^b d.; miizaiyan k. 

At church with meek and unaffected grace 
Hia looka ^ydsmed the veoerable place. 


Mmhinkjag<Ji koditebm$ Ujd mi, 
adorn one^Ki/f tin^ k«; cbhsb Utkbtl banioi. 
Adonunent, n.singir; batiio; aajiTat; banio 

thanio ; na^ ; zeh ; sebiiah ; dnat ; IdUta^ 
Aitofeiilatiaiiy a. {Boe.)}of; patFan<L 
Adown, adv. niebe ; zamlii ji dharti par* 
Adrift^ adr. bahte hoe; bhaiil ji& 
^ turn adrift^ nikll d ; dOr k. 
Adroit, adj. [Lat. dirtdm^ Per. darwd.] 

phnrtllJl; dbOrt; nipim; chibak-daai ; 

ehilik; mtuttaid. 
AdlJitty, adv. pbarti ji cbnstl ae ; ehiliki se. 
AdrMtnatf, d. phurti; chibuk-daati;chlbakl; 

ebiliki o cbuatl ; muataidL 
Adnlatiaii, n. lallo patto ; baffam ; ebiplM ; 

kbaablmad ; iBvcMn par chafhini; raagan-i- 

qiz malni ; chiknl cbnpri hsieh. 
Adult, adj. sij iDi ; javio ; bilig. 
Adult, n. 1 a gnnonrup permm, tamn ; jav&n 

idml; YMg, 2, (Law) cbandab bania ki 

la^rki aar bftrab baraa kl lafkL 
Adulterate, t. a. milini; milaonl k; bigtpift; 

khot miliiil ; ioieziah k. ; millo kar d. ; 

khariU) \l, [W ; imeziah ; 

Adiilterati0ii, n. mil&o ; milaanl ; khot ; kho- 
Adulterer, il istrf-g&ml ; bad-kir ; utA-lOr ; 

bartm-k&r; flljir; z&ul; flaiq* 
Adnltereif , n. chbioll; bibh-ch&rf; bad-kir; 

harilman ; Djirah ; z&niyab ; filhUhah. 
Adulterine, n. (Z<itr) barim kijani; haiilml; 

ku-blj; nutfah'i'barilni. [fllbisba. 

Adalteroos, adj. chbini^; chhiii&l; bad-k&r; 
Adalterj, n. chhiu&l& ; cb&m-chorl ; jiri ; jir- 

karm; zini-kirl; harftm-kirl; har&m; fiaq 

o ftijQr; fel-i-abanla ; sinl. 
puniihrnent of aduU^y, {Uin. Law) j&r-karm 

dand, 09 n&k choti kl(ui ; n&k-k&tni ', (Mah» 

Law) rajm; sazifi zini. (jirl, yi baram-k&rl k. 
to commit adultery, btbh-cbiil k. ; chhiniUL, 
AdnmbratioB, parchhain ; aijab ; pritlbimb. 
AdTaace, v. a. L to brinj forward^ &ge Un& yi 

rakhn& ; pesh k. ; dar-pesh k. ; arz k. ; izliir 

k. ; aal&li d. ; tajrlz bithlani yi (hair&n&. 

2. forward, ba^hitii; sudhim^; taraqql d. 

3. exalt, padvl d. ; sar-fariz k. ; darjft yi 
martabah liafh&tii; rnumtaz k. i. enhance, 
ma&hgil k. ; bafh&iii; ziy&dah k« ; Izid k. ; 
qlmat y&mol ba^hinft ; bhiobafbin^, i.iupply 
beforehand, peshgl y& agaufl d. ; pahle d. 

advance of seed and food, bij khSd. 

in advance, ag&Q ; ponbgL 

Advance, v. n. 1 . j^roceed, &ge &n&, ba^hni, y& 
hon& ; qadam ba^ hiii&. 3. progrea, barhni ; 
nikalni ; 8udharu& ; taraqql p&ni. 3. riee 
in rank, martabah y& ohda ba^hni ; taraqqi 
h. ; dAcbi yi &)& darj& yft padvi pinft 

Advance, n. 1. going forward, ba^h^; agvai; 
penh-qadmT ; agw&ni; irtiqbal. 2. xncreaw, 
bafhotrl; cha^hauti; bidh&; beshi; izdiy^ ; 
tauflr. 3. improvement, barhotri; sudh&r; 

•a^Yir ; ialih ; taraqqi 4. tender^ tsTajjoh ; 
mailio-i-kiii/ir; nigbat 5. (of aioiMjr), agafi 
mpatya; ULr-i-^pethgi ; didasL 

io be in a/lvanee of the age, zaxniiie ae ige ha^ 
jioi ; haio-aaarod ne khajilat meh barh fiv^ 

aihaneed in yean, boddhft; pakki4ifta; noir- 
raaidah ; mnaiii ; am-raaidah ; dinon kft paim. 


peabvi; luutvid; i^e kl&iij. 

to go in adoanee, ige jioi ; barh ^jknSL 

AiwaacaoMBnt, n. promotion, ear-fitfia ; bar- 
ter! ; taraqqL See AdTaoee. [taqiYL 

Adrancei, n. peahip; zar-i«peahg^ ; didjiiii; 

advances for dMnrsement, kbarch. 

advances for purchase of produce, badni ka 
mpaya; zar-i-dadoL 

advances iff agrieuUurists, agifl ; aganff ; taqiT?. 

advances to ploughmen without interest, 
bhit; khid. 

Adfaatage, n. I. vuperioriiy, chaihtl ; ba^ ; 

fiwqiyat; galbah. 2. favor Ms stoic, bhaU 

aoaar ; acbchha mauqa ; afirat mnfid-i-mat- 

lab. 3. opportunity, dikm; £^t; autar; ^ba ; 

furaat; maaqa; vaqt. [Shakes. 

Qiwe me adTutege of some brief diieoone ! 
Mt^he kuekh guftu^it kd mawqa miUf 

4. betufU, arth; guo; pbal ; la£dah ; samra. 

5. profit, llbh ; pirapt ; yift ; paida ; hisil ; 
htutol; nafia. 6. overplus^ barhU; opri; beabl. 

to have the advantage, jftna ; aar««abz b. ; 

g&Ub ini. [phal p&na ; mnatafld h. 

to reap advantage, l^h ya fiLedah uthana; 
to take advantage of, fUSdah nthana ; mauqa 

plni ; dion, ghat, ya qibu chalna. 
Adrantaf^eons, a<lj. aa-phal ; phal-dayak ; (ae- 

dah-mand ; sud-mand ; mufld. 
AdTantageously, adv. fa^de Be. 
Advent, n. imad. 

Advent of * DCTine ro ewenger. Nabi let ant H 
boMkAnU; KkabrUAmad-i-rutil. 

AdTOntitLms, adj. sanjogf; arizi; ittifaql 
AdTentnre, n. j&n-jokhoa; aar-guzasbt ; majra ; 

Yiqa; muhim. 
Adventiirs, v. a. jokhna men dalna ; jan jhok- 

na ; jurat ya himmat k. ; jaa par kheln^ 
AdTentnrer, n. jiA-baz ; sar-baz ; jodha. 
Adyentnrous, adj. sarma ; siir bir ; dil gurde- 

YlVk; dil-Yala; dil-chala; himmat-val&; 

diler; diliyar; jan-baz; javan-mard; ul- 

nl-azm* [taba-i-feh 

AdTerb, n. kiriya bisheshan ; mutaalliq-i-fel; 
Adverbial, adj. mutaalliq fel ke. 
AdTeriary,n.[LAt. ctvertere to turn, H. u/otnd 

turn up] birodhl ; badi ; dushman ; mukha- 

lif; harif; mukhisusim ; muqabil ; arne-vala ; 

badi priti badi. [bar-khilaf ; na-muafiq. 

AdTOrid, adj. l.contrart/, ulta; birudh; baraks; 
Adverse winds. UUi kavd ; bAd-i-mukkalif, 
2. inimical, bad-audesh ; bad-khuah ; 

n^ukhalif. 3. ca^9niV/n/«, ahhag\ ; nir-bhagi; 

daridan; kam-bakht; bad-bakht; bad-nasJb. 


adetrit dreiofulaiuei, 

biiri bUat; phttt« yi tQte bal. 
adverte fortune, ulU-naalb ; abhig ; ultl ghari ; 
bur& iitirii; kftiu-bnkhti ; bad-qismati ; bad- 
nasTbl \ vazuui-i-tala ; idbar. 
adtru fxtrly, ripii-paksh ; tAraf-i-e&DL 
Adveriitf , n. bipt&; bad-bakhtt; kam-bakhtl; 
i£t,t ; muBibAt ; idbar ; DuhOsat. 

AdttrtUf SatUn no iokti. Frov. BiptS ti hd 

taikl MdUii. (Tba unEorCunata have ao frisDcU). 

Adcenitji makes ■ man wiaa, aoC lich. Pro*. 

B^ti K ggiii iarkt, na dhan. [naasr k. 

Advort, V. n. dbij&n dena; tavajjob, lib&i, ya 
Adrertenco, AdTertaacy, n. dbiya,n ; tavajjob ; 
lihia ; Dozar ; riftyat ; pas. [ba-kbiynt. 

iMt& adoerUnee, ba-lib&z ; ba-nazar ; ba-pas ; 
AdTnttM, T. a. park&sb Ic. ; chbapvaoi ; ma- 
nidl k. ; musbtabar k. ; iebtehlr d. ; sbSyK 
k.; phaiUnK; masbhflr k. [tabara-i-nilam, 
adtertited for taU, nilam par obai'blyi ; muab- 
AdnrtumiBiit, n. isbtebar ; el^u ; elftm. 
AdnrtiMT, n. Uhtibir-u^mab ; isbtib&r. 
Adrioe, n. [Lat videre, Skr. driihl. Per. didan 
to see.] maahvarah ; aal&b ; maslabat. 

If jail iruli for good adtiet conault hi old 

nun. pruT. 

AdtdMnatjoehUiohadllttptehKnnjIlo. Vrov. 

When a thing 1« dons advic4 oomes too IMo. 

ProT. ffoal t/d to kaekuil, nth kart$aAtlyAt 

al«Mr^aefi>we, san^biriohittbi; ittiUlcbit- 

thi. [nuib. 

A^ViuMfl, adj. uobit ; qarin-i-maalabat ; mu- 
AdviM) T> a. 1. eavnttl, samjbSuii; aalih d. ; 

natlhatk.; mashvarabd. 2. in/orm, Bam&cbSr 

bhejn& ; ittil& k, ; khabar d. 
Adrisedly, adr. Bocb bicliSr j& samnjh bujh 

kar-ke ; j&aob-ka ; bichilr purbak ; gaur 

kar-ke ; gul&h kar-ke. 
Adliser, q. mautri; updaabT; salib-^r; aaliib 

dOBe-v&U ; maahlr ; niaeb. [bad-galah'kiir. 
tvii' adoiirr, ku-mantri; biirJaalibdene-vala; 
legal aduittr, mniihtiTi va^i]; lartimlah. [kalat. 
kAjOOMXj, n. javibJibl; aav&l o javab; wo- 
Advoeate, r. a. ta,vt\ a jav&b k. ; vak&lat k. 
AdToeat«, n. [Lat. voco call, Skr. ixtk to 

ipeak] mukht&r : vakil. 
judye advocate, sarkari vakil. 
Adn, n. basJlla ; kulh&rl; teahab. 
Aenta, v. a. havil bhami; hava se bharoL 
Amtod, adj. bava ae bbari bujL 
aavtad t»ater, uriya-hui pinL 
AarUI, adj. akash'l ; bavtU. 
aerial being*, alam-i-jinDit ; makhlQq-i-haTU. 
Anitf, T. a. lmv& bhariia. [shab&bi. 

AnaUte, n. Aktls-bnjr; oang-i-Escn&iiI ; saug-i- 
Amaauia, n. bavi-n&p ; miqiyas-ul-hav&. 
Anf J tt«atiM, a. &kasb-g&mi ; ik&sb-obar. 
Aarvphfta, a (Boi.) &ki^-bel; ama^lattar; 

AtrMtawn, n. tAo-bojb-biddiyi. 
kM^Me, n. mal-aundartat ; uaul- i-khab-sartt. 
Utx, aHu oS; adv. dar ; bahut para ; ftteile se. 


Ah ! nho can toll how hard It is to olimb 
The ateep where fame'i proud temple ihinM 
afart BeattU. 

Jdnt nakth hai ibol cKar&nd Aat lUiuil miuAJtil 
UheM pahdr, jit ji jAoAmf id chamJte maitdU. 
Affilbility, n. kbiub-kbulql; muravvat; khulq ; 

Afbble, adj. sll-aubb&o ; kbuab-akhl^; Bil-vaDt ; 
ballm; kballq; s&hib-i-akhlSq y&muravvat. 

Obliging to eome and affafiU t<i all. 
laiyat fcul par, muranat mblioii par. 

Afbbly, adv. akblaq yi muravvat se. 

ASkil, Q. I. incident, vaqa ; tnaji^,' vard&t; 
hMiaa. 2. {Military) chbotl larai ya Jang. 

i.maitir, kam ; kaj; dbauda; uddam; 
kar; kiro bar; nmr; mai^tib. ^.biuiMti, 
beobir; muiimalah ; muqaddama. 

art affair ofhotior, p&a'i-burmat kljang. [amma. 

eonftutd affair, uljbi bul yi pech ki bat; mu- 

delicaie affair, uaiuk bat y& kica. 

leUlemtU of an affair, jbagre k& cbukanta, 
fitislab, y& tosGjab; mu&malah, muqaddamab, 
y& jbagre ka parcbbl. [k& kam. 

wri7fn( a/aiV, zururi kam ; kar-i-zurSii ; jald! 

Afikira, n, leii deit ; beobar ; kar o bar, [malit. 

public affairs, mulki ya sarlfftri kam y& m»a- 

woridly affairs, dunya ke kar o bar ; laukik 
beobar; duuiya-d&ii; umur&t ya muamal&t 

Allbct, V. a. 1 . influence, lagaa ; biyapni ; khub- 
n&; gun k.; dil men baitbna; klrl b.; klr- 
gar b. ; asar k. 3. mova titefeelingi, kbiibnk ; 
chubbsS; josb paidft k.; dil par asar karii& 
ya lagna. 3. aioiat, iradab k. ; qasd k.; aim 
k.: d&v& k.; sai k. 4. feign, dikhaiia; aQrat 
dikbiuE; nakbA k. yab^b&ru&; jutlni; 
E&hir k. ; sitbtr-dari k. ; sakhtk.; batdu&j 
itraai ; ohochte k. ; bahana k. 

Careleia ihe ia with artful care, 

Afectisn to »em uoASbcteJ. CongTeve. 

Wok oiMrpan mta woA alkkket^h I 

Wok nakhrd, goyi liaih nipat bMi/ih ! 

5. be inclined <o, nyii h. ; iltifat k. ; rukh 
k.; mutabvajja b.; mayul b,; li^ib b. 

6. love, chalina; paaaad k. ; ahiyaq h. 
Affsetatian, n. banftvat ; dikh&va ; dikh^vat ; 

DQmiid ; num^iah ; z^tr-dSrl ; sakbt ; itraua ; 

cbocble-b&zi ; nakbr^ ; nakhre-bazi. 
AECbcted, adj. 1. moved, }i ya cbbiti bbar U 

ya umand al ; bbar aya. 2. fall of afeeta- 

tion, banavatiya; banauti; namudiyK; Itar ; 

nakbre-vali; cbochle-baj. [ae. 

AActedlf, adv. baD&-ke ; banivat ae ; nakbre 
Affecting, adj. mauassir; lagti ; khnbtl ; 

obubhti; dil-aoz ; dard-angee ; riqqat-aiigez. 
AffBOtion, n. 1. love, cbih ; lagan; piy&r; 

prit ; pit ; prem ; aneb ; neb ; mtbr ; ultat ; 

mubabbat. 2. (Med.) dUorder, rog; plfi; 

biraari; raarz. 
Affectionate, adj. piylr-kame-Y&lii ; premi; 

anebl; mubabbat-vala ; mubib; ulfatl, 
ABbctionately, adv. piyar aa ; pram as ; aneb 

ae; muhabbat ae; dil se. 


!/'>ur$afectionalely, tumhSri piyira. [(imsei'i). 
Affireat, adj. (Anat.) andar pabiifichanc-vali 
AffluLce, n, 1. marriage eontracl, wtgai ; miing- 

Di; uixbat; ropua. 3. trmt, isr&; bbarosa; 

etimad ; tavokkul. 
AfB&nce, t. a. 1. betroth, aagiii k. ; mnugut k.; 

tani men j^nth deiia; nisbat k. 3. give con- 
fidence, bharoH& d.; aara d. ; eteb&r dilauA. 
AffldaTit, D. {Laie) sapt-patr ; Oangi-jali; 

Htlian'bjndi ; halaf-nama ; lEb&r-i-balafi. 
Affiliate, v. a. Bambamlh k. ; mutalliq k.; 

satli joru& yjl Ingaim ; inansub k. 
Afflliatioii. II. HHmhiiudh ; toalluq ; niabat. 
Affinity, u. 1. relation by nutrnaiie, Bambandli ; 

natft ; nate-dar! ; riahte-dail 2, relation, 

lagau ; mcl ; BambAiidh ; risbtnb ; aar o 

kar ; niabat; vantah ; rabt; taaltuq, 
3. (C/'rm.) chah ; ragbiit ; mailaa. 
Afflim, V, El. [Per./ai-mui/aTi to say.] 1. dederre, 

biiiyank.; iihir k. 8.(i'iio) coB^roi, qayain, 

bahal, ya bar-qnrar rakhn^. 
Afflnnatioii, ii. bacban ; kabna ; kahaii ; bai- 

yaii ; bat; kalam; qaul; raaqnlah; bakbaii. 
tokmii afflrmatioii, jqrir ai-rflo imiu ; izhar-i- 

halafi. [muabat. 

Affirmative, adj. iaiKiti ; iqriiri ; miijibab ; 
Afflrmative, n. ban ; h&iibi ; Fjab ; ialat. 

Tni> utig«tiver make kn afinnalire. 
Do nafl K tk iAdt Imta lud. 
Affix, V, a. [Lai. Jifffre, H. jdtama to fasten, 

jornd join] lagana ; milaiia ; jofua ; bauilh- 

tA; nattbi k. ; aveiau k. ; titamma k.; 

Tftal k. ; flhamil k, 
affix Kol, olibap ya molir iDgiiia. 
affix tfgnai are, nam likbna; dast-kbat k. ; 

alabd k. ; snbi k. 
ASiS, n. (Gram.) bibhakti;jo lafa ke akliir 

men lagaya javoilafi kt ikhir aliiwal, [vabi. 
Afflatus, u. daiv-^iyiiti ; ilb&m ; kaabf; ilq& ; 
Afflict, V. a. bipta, bitba, ya muxibat dalua ; 

qaliar y& gazub uaxil k. 
Affliction, d. bipta; &fatj miiaibat; bitb&; 

qa1ir;bal» (.idvereity). 
Amnencs, n. dhan-vaiu; daulat-mandi ; tavam- 

gan ; muraffa-bali. 

To live in affluence. Auko athrai t rah»IL 
Affluent, adj. X.fiouiing to, babta hua ; bah&u; 

raviu ; jntT. 2. oindeat, dbani ; dhauSd ; 

dbanvau ; m-ila-raal ; bbara-pura ; raja-puja, 

Lnwtfil and blest with all the ajfltnt nture 

Haigi hhara purd woA uj dhan lu dhtr u [dt. 
Manvat itjaio Nidn^ Aai'i maudor mei'i dhup 

Afflux, n. bahai) ; riijban ; tavajjoh ; ragbat ; 

mail; mailnii; roju. 
Afford, V. a. pahufiehfiiia ; dena ; bhnnil. [ni. 
Afford, V, n. gunjaish, baiaiyat, ya niaqdiir rakb- 

I canunt aSbrd it. MaiA niOnli dt tattS. 
Affray, n. dang% ; bab^; mar-kuUi; balva; 

kiisht o kbun ; fiisad. 
(K/ua/ afrag, khlna-jangt haqiqi. [qatl. 

afraji with homteide, kbanei-jangi BSthBUubalj 

12 AFT 

"ffray vrtOi vowiding, kbaiia-jangi bil-zarb. 
timple afray, kbSiia jan-^ khnfir. [dat. 

wliere fiffray oceai-red, jKf virdat; mauqa-i-var- 
Aftight, u. dar ; bhao ; dahahat ; haul ; kbauf. 
Afflront, V, a. apinan k. ; aubkai k. ; liatnk k. ; 

&dar na k. ; kaiii-qadr! k. [bittak ; eluinat. 
A&ont, n. apniln ; subki ; kannjadrt ; kbiftat ; 
lake a» an afroid, kbilTat, batak, ya be-izzall 

aamnjhiia; burl, inauii&. 
Afloat, ndv. tairtS biii ; pan! par. 
Afjot^ adv. I. on /oat, paon {Miofi; pairoii ; 

paidul ; [»-paidal ; piyadab. '2. in aefioM, 

karte hno ya harakat nieu ; cbalta hua. 
Afore, Afjretime, adv. pahle ; a^ile sainine 

mt!ti ; purauQ vaqtou meu ; aabiq meii ; 

qabl nz in. 
Af JTBhand, ]idr. age ae ; pable ae (Bcforeliand). 
Aforementioned, Afdreaajd, mozkura-i-bila 

{ Abo veineii ti oned ) . 

Afraid, p. adj. kbauf nak ; khi-yaf. [W. 

Afraid oi lier own »liadow. ApiK taS tcthajaUX 

Afreslt, iidv. nae aire se ; pbir-ke ; as sar-i-nau. 

Aft, adv. [.A. S. af, <r/, Lat. ab, Ger. apo, Skr. 

af'o] picbba ; dumblla. [aire tak. 

fare and afl, adv. &ge picbbc ; is aire ae ua 
After, adv. [A. a-er = H. and Per.-ar.] UUer in 

time, pluhlie ; paahcbat ; bad ; niin-bad. 

After meat mii»tard. ProT. GoiM fic&ht rBS. 
{KAirplelihekhdad.PTiiv. After porridge sugar.) 
AfteriieutlitbotliJoUir, Pruv. Mart pieklte l-aid. 
A Jay after the Eiiir. ProT. TdpUMitfar. ProF. 
(After the [««t rejoicing). 

After, prep, l.inj^are, pichbe ; bad. 

2. ill pitrsttil of, pichho ; tslqqnb mou. 

Yu nUall nub go after other goda ! 
Tun kit} aur dtola Ico mat luAaol 
Tbey tbat are titer tbe Qeih do mind tlie 
tbiagB of tLe Begh. Jo indri kt hat kaih 
vol, indri It bfuy H LUm rallilf liaia. 

3. in imilirtioH oj", deklia-dekhi; rieai 
hora-hoi-i; pairavi meii; dekh-ke; dliinig, 
tara, ya ubal par. 

After the Eiiglijli fai-hion. AiiifTftf cMnnjj M. 

4. aecurding to, aniiktll ; anuaar; ba- 
jib; muafiq; nmtabiq ; basb. 

after all, oidELu; akbir-har; oli^'Araz ; h 
kulaui ; qiasali kotab; sab ko bid; ba-vi^ud 
in tainim baton ko. 

after hour', cbhutti ya fursat ke noqt. 

after that, ua se pichbe ; aaii-bad. 

after twelve o'clock, do pnhr pluhbe ; tiare pabr. 

afleriBard, aftrrwardt, [A. S. inenr-l, H, or direc- 
tion] ia ko pichbe ya bid ; IriLd-aziii ; miu-ba i. 

called after hi* name, usko nam par ya ae knb- 
lal* yi tejti biii. [yaumau ftynuniau. 

day after day, roz roz ; htir roz ; din ba-din ; 

oiVL after anotlier, ek par ek ; ek ek knr-ke ; 
baril»>ii; ckkolradek; laga-lag ; tagatlr; 
yake bid digaro. 

ntn after, follow after, piohlio parna; taaqqub 
kama; pichba k. ; ragedni. 

year after year, M baras ; borsi banu ; bar 
ail ; sal ba-aal ; aal-dar-sal 

Afteract, n. pichhl& kam ; pathchat karam. 
Alterages, Af tordays, Aftertimes, 

&indah y& aneTale zamane. 
AfterluTth, n. Imvan-nal; chhantao; jel; purain; 

Ujhri; gabhelan; chhor; kheri; nif&s. 
Aftercrop, n. pichhaiti khetL 
Afterlove, n. naya sneh ; nai prit. 
Afternoon, adv. tisre pahar ; do pahar biUl. 
Afterpains, n. janne kl pichhll pir ja dard. 
Afterpart, n. pichhla hissa ya bhag. 
Afterpiece, n. pichhla ya akhir swilug ja naql. 
Afcerthonght, Afterwit, n. pichhli budh ya 

mat; pas-audeshi ; anii-bodh. 
Aftertime, adv. der kar-ke ; vaqt se picbhe. 
Again, adv. [A. S. angen, H. phin^ Skr. onu 

after, ju» time.] 1. a second time, pbir; 

dasr&ke; pbir-kar; dolir&-ke; du-bara; ek 

dafa aur. 2. back, ulta; pher; pbirauti; 

vEpis. 3. bf$ideSy dQsra ; sivil ; alavab. 
o^rotn and agadn, bar bar ; phir phir-ke; dubarah 

tibarah ; mukarrar sikarrar. 
as much agaitij itu& bi aur ; dugna; du-chand. 
Against, prep. 1 in opposition, biprit; bi-mukb; 

bi-rudh; pirti-kul; barkhilaf; ba-muqable; 

khilaf; zid. 2. contrary to, ulta; bar-aks. 
3. facing, Slmne samne ; sILmne ; sanmukb ; 

muqabile men. 4. injurious, bairi; arlj 

shatru; mu&id; mukbil. 5. as a provision 

for, liye ; vlste ; muzir ; khatir. 
against tJie grain, rave; reshe, ya regi ke ar ya 

ulta ; alte batb. 
against the stream, cbarbte; paniya dbar ke 

against the wind, hava ke samue ya rukb. 
agmimt whom, jiske nam par ; ba-nam-i-fulaA, 
as against, muqabil men ; ba-nisbat. 
over against, san-mukb ; samne. 
to go (gainst the grain, akbarna ; aulu lagn& ; 

Dagavar malum h. ; bura lagna. 
Agamons, adj. (Bot.) uir-lingL 
Agape, adv. bhucbak ; bbucbakka ; naqsh-i-di- 

var; but; munb-kbula. 
Agaric, n. (Bot.) kbumbi; chhal obbabila; 

gariqun. [maoL 

A^lte, D. (Min,) yasbab ; yasbam ; sang-i-sule- 
Age, n. [Goth, avis, Skr. dgU, vasthu, Lat cevitus, 

from cevum life.] I. period, sama; pabr&; 

jug ; yug ; zamaua ; asar ; ahd ; daur. 
The iron age. Kaljug, 

2. a generadan, pirhl ; pusbt; nasi. 

3. {period of life), avastha; arbal; bais ; 
iyu; umr; sin. 4. century, sadL 

old age, hnrhkph'fpiri; zaifl. 

the age of discretion, syan-avastba; sinn-i-tamiz ; 

tton-i-bulugat ; bulugat. 
the asigusian age, ilmi zamanah. 
the dark ages, tiriki y% jahalat ka zamanah. 
&e golden age, sat-jog. 
Af^ a substantive termination » H. -pan. 
Aged, adj. boddha ; bui-ha ; dokia ; pir ; sin- 

na^bih ; umr-rasidah ; musin. 

Agency, n. 1. instrumentality, karan ; duara ; 

vasilah; zariya; tufietil; vastab; marifat. 
2. office of agent, munlmi; arbat; kariudagi; 

gum^bta-gari; pesh-kari; uayabat; mukhtarl; 

local agency, maqami ajanti. 
Agent, n. 1. what acts, karta ; kame-vala ; kai*- 

guzar ; amil. 2. deputy, mutiTro ; arti ; &ra 

tiya; priti-nidb; kkr-kun ; gumashta; karin- 

dab; sar-barah; qayam-maqam ; vakil; mukli- 

tar. 3. (Gram.) fUil ; karta. 
accredited agent, mukhtar-i-sanadi. 
authorized agent, nayab-i-zl-ikhtiy&r yi sabib-i- 

ikhtiyar ; mukhtar-i-zT-ikbtiyar. 
Agglomerate, v. a. [Lat. glomus, H. goR a 

ball] goli ya dher ho jana ; dhem bandhna ; 

bastah bona ; baiidh jana. 
Agglomeration, n. dher ; dala ; goll; laddiL 
Agglutinate, v. a [Lat. gluten glue, H. goAd 

gum.] chipkana; satna; jorna. 
Agglutination, n. les; chop; chiptlo; chipkTo; 

sat ; jor.^ 
Agglutinative, adj. chipk^u ; chiptau ; sat&u ; 

laslasa ; les-dar ; chep dar. 
Aggrandize, v. a. I. exalt, sar-farazk.; ikhtiyar, 

darja, martabab, ya nitba barhana. 

2. enlarge, barhana ; ziyadah k. ; barft k. 
Aggrandisement, n. 1. sar-farazi; azmat. 

2. barhotri; Izad; taraqqi; tauflr. 
Aggravate, v. a. [Lat. gravis, Skr. gurd heavy] 
1. make heavy, (Met,) bhari k.; sangin k.; 

sakbt k. 2. make worse, ziyadah kharab k. ; 

barhana ; zi\ adah k. 3. 2^(^oke, bharkana ; 

jalaua; ishtealak d ; bar-afrokhta k. [barhana. 
to aggravate a C7*im^, jurm ko sangin karna ya 
Aggravated, adj. bhar! ; bara ; sakht ; sangin. 
aggravated crime^ jurm-i-sangin. 
Aggravation, n. 1. maki^ig tvorse, sangini; 

ziyadatf; shiddat. 2. pn-ovocafion, bharkana; 

uksana ; jalana ; ishteSl ; bar-afrokhtagl 
Aggragate, n. ikaltha ; dher ; samub ; jumlah; 

in the aggregate, sab ka sab; bilkul; tamam. 
Aggregate, adj. sakal ; sab; kul; tamam. 
aggregate value, sare dam ; majmua qlmat ; kul 
qimat. [ek ja k. ; jama k. 

Aggregate, v. a. dher k.; batlS k.; ikattha k. ; 
Aggregation, n. samub; jumla; majmua; ijtima. 
Each genus is made up by the agfiregation of 
species. Har jihs men kalnau ahdmil hoti liain . 

Aggregate nnmber, jor ; kul ; tadad ; mlzan. 
Aggression, [Lat. ^/a^M*, A gadam Btep, ^kr. 

gam, Per. (/crrcf go.] cbarUai ; takht; hamlah. 
Aggressive, adj. hamlah-avur ; jang-ju. 
Aggressor, n. hamlah-avur ; jang-avur. 
Aggrieve, v. a. [Lat. gravis, Skr. gunl heavy, 

A. ^awi grief.] 1. ctusegnef, dukhd.; ranjldah 

k.; azurdab k. 2. oppress, bojh dalna ; dal^na ; 

satana ; haiian k. ; takllf d. 
Aghast, adv. bhauchakka ; hakka bakka ; haibat 
I ya hairat zadah ; havas-bakhta. 

To stand agfaiat. Bhuekak rak jAnd. 
Agkati he looked, and aiarting from hiB bed 
Cold sweats in clammy drops his limbs over- 
spread. Jhyden. 
IM ehawkk bUiar $e apne bhtehak, 
BtidcM. u araq sard tf yd Utpak. 

Agile, adj. phiirtiU; chapal; chal&k; chost; 

cbiist o ch&l&k ; turturiyi. 
Agility, n. [Lat. agitus^ A. ajal\ phurti; ohoa- 

tl ; cbalakl. 
Agistment, n. [Lat. gudu$y Skr. ghas to eat] 

chaiHi; ghiraL 
Agitate, v. a. 1. thaiey hil&na ; dulftnft ; chala- 

u& ; hilkoraE ; jhakolna ; harakat d* 2. dis- 

turhf excite^ halchal y& khalbal! d&lDa; 

dharakna ; byakal k. ; ghabriLtiE ; pareshan 

k. ; muztarib k. ; muztar k. ; 3. ventilate (a 

guestion) bad bibad k. ; bahsna ; bahas k, ; 

taqrfr k. ; 4. ponder an, ji men ulat pulat 

k. ; bicbar L ; sochna ; socb k. ; gaur k. 
Agitated, adj. \. (as the sea) lahre^ marti 

hu&; mauj-zan; hiloren let& hui. 

2. (in mind) be-kal; bijakul; ghabiilja ha&; 

be-tab; be-qararj muztarib; muztar. 
Agitation, n. 1. tf^e act, bil&o; dul&o; hSl; 

iiilor ; jhakor ; jumbisb ; harakat. 2. per- 

iurhaUon, dbafak ; dharkan ; dha^ dhafilhat ; 

ghabrabat; be-cbaiui; biyakult&; be-kali; 

be-qarar!; iztiiilb. 3. discussion, takr&r; 

rad o badal ; bahs ; niunazrab ; munaqabab. 
Agnate, adj. [Lat. nascor to be bom, A. nasi, 

H. jand ofinpring] pusbtaini ; jaddi ; abai. 
Agnation, n. dadbijal ; kband&ii-i-zukur. 
Ago, adv. [0. E. ygon, A. S. gan^ Skr. ganiy ga 

to go] pable ; bua ; bbaya \ bitft bu& ; guzr 1 

biul; guzasbtah; pesbin. [guzHL 

Some time ago. Thort din hut ; kuekh anah 

long ago, babut diu bue; barsoii bite; mud- 

dat bui. [bua ; atur. 

•^gogy <^dj. tatta t»rol& ; sargarm ; garm ; sir- 
to be all ayog, sir b. ; mnsbtaq b. ; sargarm b. 
to set agog, cbao ya abauq dil&na; uksana; 

amadab k. 
Agoing, adv. cbalta ; jari ; rav&n. 
to set agoing, cbalta k. ; cbalana ; jan k. 
Agony, u. 1. death struggle, urdb-saiis; gbanil; 

gbuugru ; akabra sans ; jan-kaiidui ; naz&. 
2, vto^tpatn, atidukh; atipif; har-pbCL- 

tan; aza-sbikanl; sakht-dard. 
Agree, v. n. [Lat grcUus pleasing,] 1. accord, 

jor b. ; ek rang b. ; yak-san b. ; ek b. ; saz-g^r 

b.; miiafiq b. ; muttafiqb.; javab b. 

2. resemble, milna; ek-rup h.; ham-sbakl 

b.; muebabab h.; ba-ain bl b. 

They ngree like pickpockets in a fair. Prov. 

Chor k& bhdi gath-katd, Prov. (A pickpocket 

is the thief a brother.) [ijftbat k. 

3. assent, razi b. ; manziir, qubiil, ya 
4ffi'ee, for the law is costly. Prov. Apas meh 

nimat lo, najiin kachakri mm zer-bdr hoge. 

4. be in concord, ek man b. ; mil jbul-kar 
ya mel mil&p se rabna; ck q^lib b. ; ek-dii 
y& ek-cbit b. ; mutabiq b. ; ittifa(] b. 

Two of a trade never agrts, Frov. 

bd iame-pakah dtukw%an, P. Prov). 

They agree like cats and dogs. 
KutU bm H tarak larie kaik. 
The more you agree together, the lew hart 

can your enemies do you. Browne, 

JUnd &pa$ mek tmm ttttfdq ratkkoge, utttd ki 

turnkdre dutkman tai^ iam satdingt, 

5. be beneficial, as diet or medicine, r&s 
&n& ; f^'dab-maud b. ; mufid b. ; gun k. 

To agree with one's constitution or tempera- 
ment KiH ke mixAj yd tabiyat he mudjiq Aond. 

6. settle a price, d&m tbairan& ; mol ya 
qimat cbukana. 7. (Grcnn,) ek sigayabalat b. 

8. concur, auumat b.; maun&; ban mefi bin 
mil&na ; bui^kari bbama ; ek rae y& mat b. ; 
muttafiq-ul-r&e b. ; taslim k. 
Agreeable, adj. 1. suitable^ milti; lia; Baz&- 
T&r; muafiq; mutabiq. 

2. pleasant, man-m&nt& ; man-bbaota ; 
8uban&; nlka; kbusb; dil-pasand; pasandl- 
dab; dil-pizir; kbusb-gavar; maze-dar. 
Agreeable manners. Kkusk atvdr. 
Agreeable to the taste. Jfas<-<2dr ; 2aifs. 

Agreeableness, n. 

1. mel; muafiqat; muULbaqat. 

2, affording pleasure, 8ub&n&-pan; sun- 
dartai; kbusbi-indagf. 

Agreeably, adv. 1. in accordanos with, anu^ur; 
mu&fiq; ba-mujib; basb; bar-bukm. 

Agreeably to your order, ffasb-ul-kukm ; dp 
hefarmdne ke mudfiq, 

2. with pleassure, kbusb! kbusbl; kbusb! 
kbatir ; ragbat se ; sbauq se ; raza se ; dil 
ke muafiq. 

Agreement, n. 1. accordance, mel; milap; 
meljbol; eka; razH-mandl; rabt zabt; 
ittifaq ; muafaqat. 2. resemblance, lagao ; 
risbtab; musbababat; munasabat. 

3. compact, bor ; qar&r ; qaul o qarar ; 
iqrar ; abd ; abd o paiman. 4. harmony, sur 
til mel ; sama ; dam-sazl. 5. (In law) a deed, 
iqr&r-namab ; razi-namab; qubuliyat ; qabala; 
likbtam ; likbat paf'bat 

agreement to abide by an award of arbitration, 

iqrar-uama-i-salisi ; basr-n&ma. 
agreement to pay rent, sarkbat ; qubuliyat. 
Agricultural, adj. kbet kiyar-ka; kisani; 

kasbt-ka; zamlndari; zam!; zaraat-ka. 
etgriadtural terms, kisauon ki istilab. 
Agricnltnre, n. [Lat. ager, Skr. kshetr, H. kJiet, 

Per. kisht he\a] kbetl; bona jotna; bo-jot; 

k&sht-karl; zariUtt; kasbavarzi. 
Agriculturist, n. kisan; Ixm jota; zamiu- 

dar ; kasbt-kar ; mazare ; abl-i*zaraat. 
Aground, adv. zamin ya kbusbki par tika bu&. 

The bout ran aground. Kithti tik gal. 
Ague, n. 1. jurl; jare ka bukbar ; tap-larzab; 
jbnrjburi ; kapkapi ; tbartbari. [naubat. 

2. iniemuttent fever ^ bari ka bukhar ; tap-i- 

3. tertian fever, teiya; tijaii; tisre din ki 
bukbar. [juri si. 

Aguish, adj. tbartbar! s! ; jai-a sa ; kapkapi si ; 

All, int. l.regrtt^ pity, ha6 ha6; hU b&e; 

ae hag ; oS hoe ; &b ; afsos ; afoos sad .afaos ; 

half sad half; uf; haih&t haibat; daregi. 
Ah me I MSi aftot I 

2. joy, exaltation, ahft ; o ho ; aha h& ha ; 
oho ho ; oho ji ; aha jl 

AhMt int. I. triumph, kj& hi ; jai ; jai jai-k&r ; 

▼&h vah ; mab&rak. 2. contempt, tha ; thd 

thQ ; chhi ; cbbi cbhi ; dhM hai; tuf; &h. 3. 

mirprin, o bo ; oho aho ; aho bh&g ; aAh tk^ 
Ahead, adv. &g6 ; &gu ; a^ri. 
to go ahead, age j&D& ; barb j&na ; aabqat leoi. 
Ahoj, int. ho ; hot ; abe ; age. 
Aid, ▼. a. [B. drS helper] 8ah&r& lag&n& ; 8ahat-& 

y& aith d. ; saha^UI k. ; dast-girl k. ; madad 

k. ja den&; mu&vanat k.; istimd&d k. 

madad-g&rl k. 
Aid, n. I. help^ 8ahlLet&; sal^ril; dasi-gfri 

iindid ; eanat ; madad ; tald ; muavauat. 
^.helper, s&t^i; saha!; sabayak; dast-gir 

madadgar; muavin; vasila. 

3. suimdy, n&lbaudl ; khirij. 
aided school, imdadi madrasa. 

grant in aid, imdid-i-Bark&rL [(C'or.) ajltan. 
Aid-de-camp, n. saiua-patl-sab&yak ; mus&bib ; 
Ail, T. n. [A. alU sick,] manda b. ; bimar h. ; 

alii b. ; tabijat na-saz h ; ji unmuna h. 
Ailing, Ailment, n. rog; biman; pli'&; m&iid- 

gi ; man ; dukh dard. 
Aim, ▼. n. 1. take aim, tak b&fidhni ja lagan& ; 

uishan JK sldb bandbna ; chhatiyaQ& ; shast 

teudhna. 2. aim at, qa&d k. ; azm k. ; madd- 

i-nazar rakhna. 
Aim, n. [N. Fr. esmer, H. vnman estimate.] 

1. direction, tak; dukki; sidh; nishana; 
shast. 2. purpose, iradah; nijat; azm; 
qasd. 3. ^Ject, arth ; murad ; mudda& ; 
garaz ; matlab ; mansflba; mansba; maqsad. 

to take aim, nishana ba&dbna. [bjal. 

Air, n. I. atmosphere, hava ; pavan ; b&o ; batas ; 

2. (Mus.) tune, lae ; t&n ; lag ; git. 

3. mien, dhang ; dbaj ; vaza ; cbal ; ravish. 

4. appetvanee, nip ; stirat ; bhao ; taur. 
to take the air, hava khan& ; hava-khorl k. 
Air, v. a. 1. expose to the air, hava dena ; 

hava men sukbaua ja rakbna. 2. ventilate, 
hava aue deua. 3. make public, phailau&; 
praghat k. ; masbbilr k. ; musbtahar k. 

Air-balloon, n. hav&i gubaril ya burj. 

Air-bed, n. liava bhari hui rabar ki toshak: 

Air-bladder, n. 1. phukna. 2.(iit^A^«)gAlphar&. 

Air-bom, adj . baju-jS ; akasb-ja ; bavai. * 

Air-built, adj. bid-havai ; khiyali ; be-asl. 

Air-oell, n. hava ka khana ; stirakh ; manfakh. 

Air«ehamber, n. bav& ki kothn. 

Air<4iigine, n. havai anjan. 

Air-eecape, n. hav& ke nikftlne ka r&stah. 

Air-g^on, n. havai bandGq. 

Air-liole, n. bav& ka r&stah ; bavi-d&n. 

Airiaesi, n. 1. openness, khula maid&n ; be-rok 
Ikr&kbl; kusb&dagi. 

2. (Met.) lightness, khush-tabid; ziDdah-dili. 
Airing, n. 1. a sfu>rt excursion, hav&-khorI ; sair ; 

chehl-qadmi ; tafrih. 2. ventilation, hav& kl 

amad raft ; hav& deuft. 
Air-machine, u. buri hav& nik&s (mines). 
Air-pipe, n. buri hava uikalne k! nali (ships). 
Air-plant, n. ak&s bel; amar lattar; iftimun; 

Air-pnmp, n. bao-nik^s ; hava-nikal. 
Airsacs, n. sans lene ki thaili (birds). 
Airshaft, n. bavH-d&n (mines). 
Airtliread,n. hav&idor; makri ka jal& jo bavi 

men urta hai ; burhiya ka taga ; shaitan kl 

Air-tight, adj. munb-band ; khami hui. 
Airi, n. pi. akar ; akar-bazi ; aiuth ; machl&I ; 

dikhava; nakhr^; chochla; ghamaud; 


He puts on ain. Wok apne telh hhehehtd hai. 
give oneself airs, urna ; ainthua ; akarua ; apne 

tain dur khenchua ; itraua ; barh-kar cbalna ; 

cbal nikalna ; ghamand k. ; bao ke ghore 

par savar h. 
the airs of youth in old age, bQrha chochla ; 

btirhi ghori lal la^m ; shutar-gamza ; vaqt- 

i-piri sbabab ki baten. [khilarpan se. 

Airily, adv. asani se ; be-parv&I se ; kilol se ; 

Airy, adj. 1. belonging to the air, bavai ; asmani. 

2. light as air, halka ; halka pbOl ; halka 

pbulka ; hava-sa ; bubab-sa. 3. open, khula ; 

hava-dar. 4. consisting o/cUr, hava se bhara 

huayapur. 5. unsubstanticU, jbtita; be-asl; 

qayasl ; vabmi. 6. gay, khush ; khuah-mizaj ; 

zinda-dil; rangila; khilari. 
Aisle, n. (ArcJi.) girja, wagaira ka bagli rasta. 
Ajar, adv. kbula-bua (a door). 
Akimbo, adv. kule pe hath rakhe khariL 
Akin, adj. L allied by blood, saga; apn&; 

sabodriL ; ma-jaya ; ek pet-ka ; natedar. 
2. similar, samau ; milta bua ; yak-san ; 

bam-sbakl ; musbabah. 
Alabaster, u. selkhail ; sang-i-janLbat. 
Alack, Alack-iudaj, int. hae hM ; afsos (Alaa.). 
Alacrity, n. phurti ; tan-dehi ; chalaki ; chusti ; 

amadagi ; mustaidi ; shauq. [muafiq. 

Alamode, adv. achchhe dhang se ; qaede ke 
Alarm, n. 1. signal, chitavnl ; cbal pukar ; hui 

pukar ; ruka. 2. tumult, raula ; gul-gapai^ ; 

shor; gauga. 3. alarum, jagauni; gajar; 

jagane ki kal. i./ear, dar; bha^; khatka; 

to sound the alarm, naqqara ya bigul bajana. 
Alarm, v. a. 1. rouse to a sense of danger, ruk& 

d. ; chaukas ya chaukauna k. ; khatre ki 

khabar k. 2. frighten, darana; danl d.; 

ghabrana. [gbanta. 

Alarm-bell, n. khatre ki khabar deue-vala 
Alarm-clock, Alarm-watch, n. jagaunl-dar gban- 
ta ; gajar-dar ghanU ya gbail. 
Alarming, adj. daraunl ; kbauf-nak ; dabshat- 

nak; hosh-ruba; kb&if. 

alarming news, dar&on& beor&; khabar-i-vah- 

shat-asar ; haul-u&k khabar. 
Alas, int. hie ba^ ; ah ; v&e ; afsos; half. 
Alas the day, int woh din diibe ; ag lage ub 

din ko ; us din par l&nat ho. 
Alba, n. padri k& sufaid cht^^ [though. 
Albeit, adv. agarche; b&-vujQde ki. See Al- 
Albugo, n. nakhuna ; at'ikh men safaid dhabba. 
Album, n. [A. al + ahyaxo white] tasvir rakhne 

ya slier ashaar likhne ki kit&b ; bay&z. 
Albumen, n. ande kl safedi. 
Albuminous, adj. ande ki safedi-sa y& ka. 
Alburnum, n. ^bha ; gQda ; aarg. 
Alchemist, n. raslnya ; kimy&-gar ; rasayan 

bauane* villa ; luuliavvis. 

Alchemy, n. [A. al + k%myA\ rasayan ; kioiiya. 

No alcltemy like uving. Prov. 

Kifdyat'tkiidri ail kimyd hat. 

Alcohol, n. [originally, al-kohl]. 

1. antimony, kajal ; anjan ; surmah. 

2. spirita, sharab ki rOh ; sliar&b k& sat* 
Alcoran, n. qiii-an ; qur&n 8ha*'if ; kal&m majid; 

kalam-ullah ; (Wom.) bail rot!. 
Alcove, n. [H. klio a cave, Skr. khan^ Per. han 

dig.] 1. (in gardens) raandhi; mandva; 

kunj ; gupha ; hujra ; hazira. 

2. (tH apartments) kolki; kam&ncha. 
Aldcrlief est, n. (Shakes,) A. S. from aU' a leo- 
feste {rd sign of poss. pi. = P. rd, H. rd, kd) 

sab se piyara ; aziz-az-j&n ; maha-priy&. 
Alderman, n. munsif. 
Ale, n. jau kl shaiilb ; buzah ; K bir. 
Alebrewer, n. buzah gar. 
Alehouse, n. buzah-kh&na. 
Alembic, n. [A. al + anbik] bhapka; qarambiq. 
Alert, adj. on t/te alert, adv. lais; kamar bastah; 

aniadah ; mustaid ; taiy&r. 
Alertness, chustl ; amtUla^i ; taiyarl. [mur. 
Alewashed, adj. mad-mata; shor bor; makh- 

AlewMhed wit. Bhahger-khdne H tarahg. 
Alewife, n. bhangeran; saqau. 
Alexandrine, n. chha-tal&cbhand. 
Alfat, n. agiii-pariksha; mujrim kl ftzmaish ke 

vaste garam pan! men hath dalv&ua. [ginti. 
Algebra, n blj ganit; jabr o uiuqabla; gahri 
Alias, adv. maruf-ba. 
Alias, n. 1. bolt a nam ; dusra nam ; urf ; farzi 

nam. 2. (In liw) hukm-nama-i-saiii. 
Alibi, n. uzr-i-adam-raaujudgi-i-mauqao vardat 
Alien, adj. \. foreign, par-desi; upri; gair; ajua- 

bi. 2. adveise, pliira hua ; bi-mukh ; birudh ; 

bar-gashta ; ua-gavar ; zubun ; makrub ; 

zid; mutiiiaffir; niukhalif; khilaf; bar-aks. 
Alien, n. 1. pardesl ; ana-deb! ; dusre des yi 

gair mulk ka admi ; ajnabi; gair-zalik. 
2. (La%c) G. G. shakhs-i-nmnialik-i-gair sa- 

kin-i-hal mumalik-i-8ark"vr. [toqal! ; bikri jog. 
Alienable, adj. bcchne-jog; qabil-i-iuteqal ; in- 
Alienate, v. a. 1. (property), beclii k.; beohna; 

alag k. ; de dfilna; dan k. ; bakhsh dena ; 

farukht k. ; inuntaqil k.; intcq'il k.; bae k.; 

hiH k. 2* estrange, dil nthftu& ya bar-dash- 
tab k. ; bar-gashtah k. 

Alienation, n. 1. (of property) bechn&; gair 
ke h&th inteqil ; inteqUl ; farokht ; bae ; 
hiba. 2. estrangement, bigHf ; an-ban ; man- 
phiran ; ru-gardau! ; judfti ; bargashtagi ; na- 
muafaqat. [taqil. 

Alienator, Alienor, n. inteq&l-kuninda ; man- 

Alienee, (Law) muntaqil-beh. 

Alight, V. n. utam&; a baithnii; ulche &na; 
girna; parna; R-parn&. 

Tlie bird alighted on the tree. 
Chifiyd per par S, haithi. 

Align, V. a. saf-band! k. ; qatar bandhna. 

Alignment, n. (Mil.) pangt!; paugat ; saf ; 
qatar ; sipSlhi von ki qatar ; para. 

Alike, adj. <& adv. saman; tul; milta hua; yak- 
san ; yak-rang ; ek tarah ka ; barabar ; ham- 
rang ; ham-shakl ; ham-burat ; iiiushabah. 
We nhall lie all alike in our graves. Prov. 
Qqbr meh iab bardbar, Prov. 

Aliment, n. [H. pdlan nourishment] adhar ; 

abar; khana ; bhojan ; ann ; kliaj^ ; giza ; qut. 
Alimental, adj. pusht; anglagu (JUsk^making) ; 

t^at-bakbsh ; miiqavvi. 
Alimentary, adj. khane-jog ; khurdani ; giz&L 
Alimentary canal, n. mede ki pachant antrl. 
Alimentation, n. ang lagn& (Assimilation). 
Alimony, n. rot! kapi-a; kbUna pina; nan o uafqa. 
Alioth, n. (Ast.) birakh ; bail ; saur. 
Aliquot, adj. (Arith.) b&ntue-v^la; maqsQm- 

alah ; ad. 
Alive, adj. 1. living, jita ; j!ta jagla ; zindah. 
2. ac/rn^, chalta; chotan; cbalak ; jarl; 

mutabarrik ; qayam; zi-bis. 3. cheerful, j'igta ; 

zindah ; kbusb ; basbsbasb ; kbush-mizaj. 

to he alive to, cbetan b. ; dekbte ruhna. 

Alkali, n. java-kbar; sajj!; kbar-sajji; reb; khar. 

Alkaline, adj. kharl ; sajji-sa ; sbor. 

Alkaline-salt, n. lota sajji ; sajj! lot ; reb. 

All, adj. sab ; s'li^ ; sagra ; sakal ; tamfim. 

No living man all things can. Prov. 

Dunyd kd kdm kit ne liyd tamdm f 
(Kdr-i-dunyd hue timnm nakard, P. Prov.) 
All things work togtither for good to them that 
love Ood. Jo Parmethxir ie prem rak/Ue futih 
unkd sab bhald karte haih. 

aU in all, kiil ; bas vob! ek ; le de-ke ; jo kncbh 

hai so vob! bai ; kul-kullan ; sab tarah se. 

God is all in all. Allah hi Allah hoL Hamah otU 

all the night, rat bbar ; s&ri r&t ; sagri rain ; 

tamam sbab. [tamam sal. 

all the pear round, bal bbar ; baras bbar tak ; 
and hU that, et cetera, vagairab ; at bat; ittyidi. 
at all, hil-kiil ; mulan ; niutlaq ; bargiz. 
at all events, bar surat men. [atbon jam. 

at all times, bar vaqt ; bar dam ; atboii pabar; 
by all means, ba-har surat ; ba-bar bal ; ba-bar 

kaif; ba-bar nau ; ba-bar vajah; bar tarah 

ya dbang so ; sab tarah. 
from all sides, cbaron taraf, ditiba, ya or se ; 

cban gird so ; bar tanif se. 
most of all, babut kar ke ; aksar kar kc. 




of all kindi, sab qism, bhant, tar&h, nan, y% 

raqam ka. 
All, adv. 1. altogether^ sab k& sab ; sHrft ; sab ; 

sab-kuohh; sagrft: pQr&; samachU; kol mili- 

ke; saropa; saiHsar; bil-kul; dar o bast 
2. ^rtMfe,nipat; mahz. 3. <ndy^ niril; keval; 

basjsirf; khali; faqat. 4. emphcUic, hi; bhl 

I aaid ooihing at all. Main ne hwiih bhi tiaklk bahd, 

all cUane, akeli; ip hi; chhari; tan tanha; tauhS. 

a// a/of»7, pahlese; sad&se; nit; sad&matse; 

harnesha; bar&bar; qad&mat se. 
all aroundy charon taraf; chau-taraf; ore 

dhore; or p&s ; chahQn or ; chatur dishl. 
all at <mc€y all of a sudden^ jak&yak ; ek- 

b&rgl ; yak ba-jak ; ach&nchak ; da&tan ; ek 

hi da&; ek-musht. [kahln. 

oU 09^^ sare ; tam&m ; sare men ; bar ya sab 
aU over the world, sans&r bhar me& ; s&ri dun- 

yi men ; donya ke parde pe ; kul jah&n 

ya &lam men. 
not at all, zar& bhi nahin ; bilkul nahin. 
that is all, has itn& hi ; has ; faqat. [nft. 

tohecUl over wUh one, kkm tamam h. ; ho chuk- 
All, n. 1. v^¥>le, sab; s&iH; sagr&; samQcha; 

pQr&; kul; tam&m. 

All is not gold that glitters. ProT. 

Jin men ehamak nakih tab kanoik, [hhidd,Vnyr, 
All's well that eoda well ! Prov. Ant bkald to 
All covet all lose. Prov. Adhi ehhof-ke t&H ko 
dhSi, aitd dabe thd na p&8. Prov. 

(Who leave the half to run after the whole 
outrun themselves and miss the goal) 

3. alt things, sab chiz ; sab ; bar ek bastQ ; 

tam&m y& bar chIz ; kul. 
all I can, jahSn tak mujh se ho sake ; hat-ul- 

imkan ya maqdur ; apne piU: bas&te ; yatha 

aWs one, ek hi hai ; ek hi bat hai. 

Wohi <iii fttti, wohi tdth, ProT. 

Six of one and half a dozen of the other. 

all the while, is arse ya vaqt men ; is asnS men. 
AU^htorbingi adj. lau-Uu kame-vala. 
AU-absorbed, p. p. lan-lln ; duba-hu& ; mns- 

tagraq; mabhUt. 
m-aMxniipIished, adj. pOra; pandit; guni; 

alim o fifczil ; kamil ; sab gun giyani ; parbin; 

sab gun ke igar ; gun-s&gar. 
All-afaming, adj. sarv-i^p-n&shak. 
AU-oonqpttfing, adj. alam-gir ; jah&n-glr ; sarv- 

jlt; aarv-jii; sarv-daman. 
An-dtfTonrihgy AU-coBSoming, adj. sanr-bhak- 

shi ; sarv-n&i^I ; bal&-chat ; bala-nosh. 
AU.4Milf-dayy n. pahll aprail ; mQrkhon kft din. 
AI14MirS9 (to go on) ghntniyon chalna. 
AU-gxver, n. aarb-d&t& ; karim ; vahib. 
AU-glorions, adj. sarb-tejm&n; jallah jalalahu. 
AU-godd, n. khair4-mahz. 
AIl*)ia£l, in^. badh&I; mubarak. [ikslr-i-azam. 
AQ-ftjeaUngi adj. sanr-snkh-d&I; shafi-i-mutlaq ; 
AIl-lHly, n. sarv-payitr ; 2&t-i-p^k. 
All-konoiirad, adj. sanr^ar-m&n ; pirtishthit ; 
I d-iziat; muaszaz. 



All-illuminatingy adj. jagat-ujSgar. 
All-knowing, adj. autar-jilml ; sarv-vedl ; sar 

vaggya; iiim-ulgaib. 
All-loving, adv. sarv-priya ; muhib-i-an%m. 
All-mercdol, adj. dayi-sindhG ; day&-silgar ; 

rahlm-ur-rahm&n. [biy&pl. 

All-pervading, adj. sarv-gat ; sarv-mal ; sarv- 
All-powerful, adj. sanr-shaktim&n ; qadir-i- 

All-saints-daj, n. dev-divas. 
All-searching, adj. sarb-khojl ; muhaqqiq-i-kul. 
AU-seeing, adj. sarv-darshi; hazir o n&zir. 
All-sonls-daj, n. ut pitron ka din ; kanftgat ; 

shr&dh ; shabbaiilt 
All-snfflcient, adj. sarv-samarth ; kEfl o vaf i. 
All-snstaining, adj. sali^yak ; purbak. 
All-wiM, adj. sary-budh ; dSii&. 
All-worshipped, adj. sarv-pujit ; mabud. 
Allay, V. a. mand& k.; dhimak. ; hal^b k. (hava); 

kam k.; &r&md.; takhftf k. (dard); baithaua; 

ut&rna; dabana (ahdhi). (In Hindustani the 

passive form prevails.) 

Allay thirst. Piyat bhinjind. 

Alligation, n. I, affirmatioti, barnan; qaul ; 

bay&n; izhan 2. j?^a» hujjat ; daltl; uzr; 

takrar; taqrir. [muddsu. 

allegation of plaintiff, izhar-i-dava ; izh&r-i- 
AUege, y. a. 1. declare, kahna; bamau k. ; 

baiyau k. ; pesh k. ; muzhir h. ; izhar dena 

ya k. 2. plead, hujjat k. ; takiar k. ; taarruz 

k. ; uzr L ; qaul pesh k. [izhar. 

Allegeahle, adj. pesh karne ke q&bil ; qabil-i- 
AUegiance, n. farman-bardarl; tEbe-d&rl; 

itaat ; inqiyHd. 
Allegorical, adj. rtLpak-mae; tamsll! ; mustaar ; 

tashblh se bhara huil. [yal&. 

Allegorist, n. tashblh dene-yala ; upm& dene- 
Allegory, n. upma ja tamsil-var qissa. 
Allelnjah, n. dhan bhagv&n ; al-hamdo lillah ; 

khuda kii shukr hae. 
Alleviate, v. a. halk& k. ; kam k. ; takhf If k. ; 

&r&m den&. [takbf!£ 

Alleviation, n. ghati ; ghatti ; kami ; ar&m ; 
Alley, n. 1. walk in a garden, patn; ravish; 

takhtah. 2. narrow lane, kunj ; gall ; gal- 

y&r& ; khorl ; kGchah. 3. {covered) chhatUL 
Alliance, n. [Lat. ligo, H. lagd join]. 

\, connection, sambandh ; mel; rishta; 

taalluq; uisbat. 2. l»Wr^, apnayat ; got; 

yag&Dgat. 3. {by marriage) sambandh; n&ta ; 

rishtah; rishte-diri 4. confederation, rabt 

zabt ; rabitah ; ittehad. 
Alligation, n. parat phail&ne k& dhang ; dar- 

khata; hi8ab-i-tij3xat. [sher-i-abf. 

Alligator, n. magar ; nakd ; ghariyai ; nihaog ; 
Allision, n. takkar ; ragar ; ragra. 
Alliteration*' n. ad-anchharl-alankar ; tajnls; 

tajnis-i-harfi ya lafzi 
Allium, n. (BoL) lahsan ; lassan ; piyaz. 
Allocate, v. a. muqarrar k. ; qayam k ; tajvlz 

k. ; thair&n&. 



AUoottioit, a. taqamiri ; tajvia. 
Allodial, adj. euadhia ; khud-mukht&r. 
AUodinm, n. j&gir; lailk; mu&fl-i-davftm ; 

mutfi bili-afaort. [shuBUfcrDi. 

Alloo, V. a. IahlaD&; laahk&rni; hulUrni; 
AUopatlif, n. {Med.) opp. trf Homcapathj, q. v. 
Allot, V. a. U6tn& ; bbfcg k. ; batT&tl k. ; hi>- 

A d. ; taqaim k. ; higsi bakbii k. 
Allotment, u. bh&g; b&iit; batv&ra; batU ; bh&jl ; 

patti; taui; qismat ; taqBlra ; biasa ^ bakhra. 
Motnunt of land, dharti kfi batv&m. 
aiiotmmtof revenue, taqairiiii-i-jamk; taqslia- 

i-jamii; tashkhls-i-jama. 
Allow, V. a. 1. admit, admowledge, m&nid; 

hiti k.; qnbalk.; maazCirk. ; taeUmk. 

2. grant, den& ; Ah d. ; havila k. 

3. permit, tanetion, hone deni; nH. ^ 
j&jaErakhid; ij&zat d. 4. i£aAte(, gfaaUnt ; 
kam k. ; takbfif k, ; vaia k. j muji* d. ; minhl 
k.; mahsfib k. [d. ; miyid barbanL. 

alhte tif».9, dam lene deni ; mohlat ji, nirsat 
Allowabla, adj. v&jib; TtjibT; j&jas; mabth; 

bal&l; duniBt; rava; jog. 
Allowa&oe, n. 1. perminion, Iggji; pairiii- 

g! ; ijizat ; hukm ; mansHil. 

2. portion appointed, petiji; ohabenl; 
Bidh&i bhatta; rateb&; rttab ; Uillrtk. 

3. talan/, mabln& ; dann&ha ; tanUiul^ ; 
talab; va^; musb&hara. 4. dednetion, 
gbatti; kami; miuliW; vaza. 

allowinee to tamindart otuted from tSetr ettate, 

malikana ; faaqq-i-EoKlik ; haqq-i-milkljat. 
daily allowance, roilua ; roiaad&rf ; chabenl. 
deputation aHoioance, bbatti. 
hotae-rmt allowanee, kitftya-kbarch. 
perianal allowance, z&tl ^nkbtuih ; izafiL-i-iatL 
ttntage allmeanee, kheraah-kbarch. 
AUoved, adj. I. fixed, biiniih& h\A; mKmDlI; 

muqarrarah. 3. remitted, ohhof dlyi ; bakhsh 

^yi; v&-guiiabt; mi^; at& ki;^ bu& 
Allowing that, adv. m&n& ki ; \&-lii haml ; 

Ul-Tuj)ide ki ; fars kiyi ki ; bil-farz. 
Alloj, n. mel; milavat; miUo; miiatmi; 

khot; amezish. 
A lin y, v.a. khot milaoi; milaunik.; chaahnld. 
AUl^, V. n. imi, kiaaya, yi isbarS k. 
Allure, V. a. [A. S, WiMoon, Fr. leurrer to 

betray] mohni ; labh&Q&; lalcbani. [targ!b. 
AUoremeitt, n. moh ; lobb ; lalaob ; lubbao ; 
AllDXing, adj. mohnl; maD-haran; ohit-chor; 

dil-farob ; dil-rubS ; dil-kaah, [rams. 

Allusion, n. bhed ; Im& ; tabam ; kinSya ; sikr ; 
AUiuiTe, adj. iahSre-kil ; kinSy&t-Kmes. 
AUavial, adj. kechh&r; gaog-bar&r; dori^ 

baramad ; bar&mdab. 
AlltiTinn, Allinrial land, n. kachbKr ; nik&ai; 

zamiii dariya-baramdab ; gaug-baramad j 

diyarfi ; ar&zi uau-bar&mad ; darijB-barar. 
aeerued by allunion, dariyi ae nikli. [paWaat. 
leparation and aeeanon of alluvion, sbikasbt o 

AllKTiami a. daryi-baiSr mittt, vagaira. 
Ally, V. a. sambaadh L ; qa'rabat k,; riOqat 

k.; rabt o tabt k. 
AUt, n. atb[; Krl; dostj rafiq; shaiik. 
Alm iuiac, n. patn ; jantan ; taqvlm. 

Ao old almkiua. Tagvim-i-piHitt^ 

neuUical almanac, taqvlni-i-babrl 

Almigh^, n. Barb-abaktiroftu ; q&dir-i-mutlaq. 

Almigb^, Almighty Ood, d. 

Parmeahvar ; Bhagwin ; Khudl-taU ; 

Q&dir-i-mutlaq ; Haq-tallt; S^ib. 
Almond, a. 1. b&dSm. 2, the external gkmdt 

of the ntct nrar the ear, galphef ; bel. 
Almoner, a. fobaudlri; kbair&t-kb&ne ki moh- 

tamim; sada-barat bfintne-vKli ; bel&-bar- 

d&r; langar-khane ki muDsarim. 
Almost, adr. qarib; aoqarib; qaribaa; tsqrl- 

bao ; qarlb kar-ke. 

It ia almott saw. Ifa^d li hoi. 

almott alioai/s, taqribaa baraeaba. 
almoit all, qarib kar-ke aab. 
Alms, D. din; pun; bhik; sadi-barat ; bflr; 
dacbhna; beli; biri; kbaiiit; aakit. 

AIbu ars the galdea kej that opeoi ths gat* 
of heaTfiD. ProT. Pun dSa hmjl taMdit, ji 
K Ihulat wurag ho dKdm, 

AlUUgiTing, n. din ; pun ; kbhairit. 

A !nt-g>viag nerar made any man poor. Pnn. 

ghairet hinm m iflS* tuAA ati. 

(Sim mm le Mme lui dAan dsU Ihoi, 
^ MarakK jSnt gir pari, din dtn dait&koi). 

Alms-giTer, n. punjitmi; datir; puQTln; 
din-daUr ; pun kame-vaii ; kbairit dene- 
Til i ; mukbaiyar. 
Alms-hoose, n. dharam-Bala ; laAgar-kb&na ; 

kbaiiit-kh&na; mobtij-khina. 
Aloes, n. (Med.) elvi; musabbar; aibr. 
Aloft, adv. 1. (above) balaod. 2. (Naul.) mas- 

tQt par ; takhta-i-jahiz par. 
Atone, all alone, adv. akeli; tan-i-tanb& ; tan- 
hi; mujarrad; jaridah. ' 
Alone slona, all, all alone. 
Alona OD ft wide, wida tea. Oalendgi. 

Aida, jantUA o biikul akdS, 
AkelS waA ehavrt lamandar ke ipar, 
Le»Te it &!□□■ I Jentdol dSrlcaro! ataghanl 
Letitaloaet OAordol tut mat ehhbol rak- 
at do/ (nmthtii naMii hai. 

Let me lUant for that. 1 A mere Uge ihuU 
to he left alone, akeli rah jini. 
Along, adv. lengtktoiae, lamtAo meh ; lam- 
bilmen; eldhi; baribar; till men. 3. oti 
along, throughout, aab men ; sire meA ; 
aarisar ; tamim men ; bil-kul. 3. along with, 
sitb aith ; saAg-aaiig; aaiig ; suddhin; 
Bitb men ; hamrih ; maS ; ba-banuthi. 
*. forward, ige ; agiri ; igO. 
come along, cbale io ; jaldi &o ; io. 

Wh; do ;ou lag behind r oome alonfft 
PhKktlcyohrtAejStehof cKaieOal 
^afonp, 6e ojf, chale jio; bat pare; pare hat; 
cbal; cbatakb; cbalte phirte uazaito; dDi 
ho ; chatkho ko bavileb, 
going along, obalte cbalte. 

ALO ] 

to tap 4don0nde, baritwr letHK y^ i^dL 
Alomc, alongsidB, prep, barl'bar baribu ; ham- 
pkhltl ; bi^ftl med. 

ilaoM ths raw]. Si^Mii par; tafak larai; M- 

Alod^ >dT. 1 . a< a diitanctt pare ; dOr ; fUe 

pftr. S. t^idrt, alag ; niyiril ; juiU ; aUihda. 

U> ttaHd or btp eUo<{f, alag yi ju(U nixjA ; 

alftg khftfe rabiii; phut i^ni. 
Alopocy, n. bll-khorah. 
AloM, adv. pukir-ke; chill&-ke; t>alttiid i^U 

ae ; wr k ; ba^vii-i-baland. 
AIpM«, n. 1. Anmk& kfi fint. 2. e^ ek qiam 

k& pashmtna yS garbh-aQtl kapfi. 
Alpha. D. pahli har&f Tanlni; alif. 
Al^wlwt, Q. baraD-miLU ; kakke j alif, be, te; 
AlpbAlwtie, Alphabetlul, adj. Alif, be, te kfc. 
AIphalMtiudlj', adv. bartartib-i-aLf be, te ; ba- 
tartlb-i't&hajjt; ba-q&Sda-tahajjt ; radif-vir. 
Alpb&batiadlr ftrrannd. Alif, ^ <« <h tarM K. 
AUMAj.adr.pahle ae;paDle hi; pes&tar ee; peah. 

What, Siifdj r ffaiti, oMl at 
Abo, mAt. bhi; balkej niz; s&tb hi; aur; al&ra 
i>k«; inlk«ivlj ali-h&z-al-qajts; HiviUke;ma8. 
Alto, n. Mch& sur ; nikhftd ; tip ; dau. 
Altuf, d. mUbabl^mes ; bedij agan-hotf; 

qnrtAn-g&h ; tnaibah. 

Utanlotit, n. bedI-[At ; bsdl-basfr. 

Utn, V. &. 1 . Amffe, badaln& ; tabdll k. ; (nl&t- 

Di ; tag^yur k. 3. modify, tarmlm k, ; ma- 

nmmat k. ; knchh badaloL 3. eofreet, sahl 

k.; dardstk; thikk.; isl&h d.; ban&DL 

IHafkUe, adj. palafnejogj badalne qibil; 

mninkia- nl*bsdali 
iltnmtioii, n. badal ; adal-badal ; pber-ph&r; 
Ut-kat J radd o badal ; tagaiyut o tabaddul. 
dbrottoM of jamd. tabdIl-i-jamL 
AllafEtiTe, adj. (Med.) maaaij. 
Altamte^ t. □. i&dd o badal k. ; jhagafnK ; 
qasiTak.; rftf k.; bshaaalj taqrir b; huj- 
jKt llol ; takiir k. 
Ittaratioii, n. tantX ; takiir; qazijra; hujjat; 
bcHas ; rl^ ; jhagti ; ohakh ; bolirchlll ; 
khatt-pati; batuK-bahdj kahbat BUnbat; 
ndd o badal. 
ihanata, adj. 1. fteiproeal, paraspar; baham; 
IfM mefl. 3. (Bot.) htrte-phirte (patte)^ 3. 
(ffeoM.) matabkdlah; Euial badal; alat paint. 
rf hr iiufu angta, dvijra-i-mutab&dalah ; alat 

falat j% adal badal kon. 
JllWjiJtB, T. a. mnbtd^ li.; mtilvaaah k.; 
b«llE k. ; bsdalni ; adal badal k. ; erai 
todTRs k.; paltik.; adiibadlik. [PkUlipt. 

Bage. ahnna and grief ailtnuUe in his brsaat. 
Bir pkir-kar w Km bale ug, U^, dtir trodL 

ABwtely, AltanutiTalT, adv. ban bin ae ; 
ptii pirl Be ; naubat-ba-uaubat ; ek chho^- 
kar ; ek ke bad ek ; ek ek knr-ke ; apoi apul 
bM ; gaods-dlr ; adal badal ; phera pberi. 

AttRBStioii, n. pber-ph&r; alta-palti; adal- 
bttdali heift-pheri; adU-badlft; bin bhrl; 
wax BWlTas. 


AlternAtiTB) m badU ) palts ; etas ; mnlTasa ; 
do mefl so ek; ohAhe jaunsa; oblhe ye 
cbihe woh. 

Alldrnatin ■abjects. HaaiUn-i-iilitijfdrt. 

AlthM, □. (.5ot.)khatmI; khubUlzIj khairl. 
Althoaghi conj; Bgarche; harchand ki; bi- 

Tujade ki ; bar-aks iskej go ki} garoheh; 

Altitude, a. 1. (Jtf:) akEi-ohoti ; unohii ; ni^ ; 

irtif&. 2. (Geom.) uncbKi; balaudi. 
mtridian aUitwU, dopabr unohU> 
obterved altitude, dekhl unch&L 
true altitude, thik uncbU. [lenk. 

10 take the (UtUude, nncb&I Oftptdl, dekhii& yi 
Altogether, adv. sampilraa ; sarilpil ; bilkul ; 

mahz ; sariUat' ; niti ; nipap ; pilri ; mutlaq J 

sir Be p&oh tak ; sar-ti [d. 
Alto-felievO, a. ubhri-huItaaTlr y& mfirat, 
Alum, D. phitkarl. 

Alimmtta, o. ttlib-i-ilm ; ahlgiid; chatU. 
Alwayi, AlWaj, adT. 

'\. perpetwdly, hamesha; nit; BadS; tutneah; 

diyam ; tnudim; IS din. 3. invaricAly, barii- 

bar ; har dam ; bar vaqt; \Ar bir; bil&nSgt; 

alal-dav&m ;mataTStir; &{li pahar; pai dar 

pai ; lagilAr ; bar-qarftr. 
he had ttlieayi piaid, woh hameeha daU rahS ha]. 
Am, V. n . [Ut. (um, Skr. drari, P. OAL H. Au*] htUL 
Amfdo, adv. be-tah&aha; ba-abiddat ; sot se. 
Anulguh, Amalgania, n. pare ke s&tti dOBti 

dbftt ki mel ; miahrit dhitiL 
Am&lgamate, v. a. tnilio k. ; milins. 
Amalgaiiiation, nimel; mil&o; imeiish; ikhtilit. 
Auanaensil, n. duare ke bayan ko qalam-band 

kame-Tili; likhaiyi ; kitib. 
Amaianth, □. (Poet.) Mdft-bohar ; gul-i-shidib. 
Amaranthine, adj. aadi-bahir. 
AmaryUis, n. (Sot.) nargiB kl zit ke phal. 
Aniau, T. a. batomi; jamik.;ikhat;ttk.; dh«r 

k.; Bamet3i;ekjak.;4berlagiiii; fiLTahamk. 
Amaten^, n. sbiiq ; shttuqlD. 
Am&tiTeneBB, o. iahq j prit ; pit. 
Amatoij, Amative, adj. ishqija; Sshiq&na; 

raalii; aadrigi; ras-bharl. 
AnuDTosis, n. (Med.) timar ; tinnlHL 
AmasA, T. a. mutaajjib k.; mntabaiyar k.; 

aohamba dilini yi k.; taajjub men iSlul. 
ttond in amau, difit tale ungli dablui ; bhu- 

chak rah jina; hakkl bakki rah j^ni. 
Amaaemeat, Amaie, a, achraj ; hairat ; ish- 

charj ; ochambi ; tahaiyur ; taajjub. 
AmAsing, adj. hairat-anges ; ^ib o garib ; ^Ib ; 

aohambit ; adbhut. 
Amaaingly, adv. taajjab se; mutaajjibina ; 

hairat se J aohambe ae; aohr&j ae. 
Am&son, n. singhni; urtUhbegni; mustandi; 

nin-jit tirj*. [paigam-l»r. 

n. elchi; Banr;raj-dut;rij-ba^t; 
The panon of ta amiattador ii iDTiolkbla. 
EUAi te ;iwt 1» *«* poiuAeAtJii j&yit nahlA. 
{EleU ko tyd lavat. Prur.) 

Amlmssadorial, adj. elchi ke taur lOk 

Ambassadreas, n. dQtnl. 

Amber, n. ambar; kahrubi. 

Amberseed, n. mushk-d&nah. [du-m&r. 

Ambidextrous, adj.l.da-hattIL 2.€hMe-deali$ig^ 

Ambient, adj. cbau-or ; ohau-gird ; cbah&r- 

taraf; chau-tarat [maDi; ibb&m. 

Ambi^ty, Ambiguoiuneas, n. du-arthi ; du- 
Ambignons, adj. du-artbi ; do-mani ; mubham ; 

mashkuk ; mazabzab ; gol-mol ; mnsbtabah. 
Ambition, n. faiilkh-haaslagi ; ul-ul-azmi; 

baland-nazari ; baland-bimmati ; &li-hau8lagL 
A inbUum plaguen her proeely tee. Prov. 

Ul^d-mznd afne murvioh ho dtf-cAoM ro^iUi Aoi. 
{Ul-%tr<jaimi ht-ehaini). 

AmbitiouB, adj. balaudoazar ; ali-himmat; 

bauslah-mand ; iM-batislah ; ul-ul-asm. 
AmbitioTifly, ad?, balasd-nazari se ; hausle se. 
Ambitus, n. 1. extreme edge^ kin&r&; had; mo- 

bit. 2. (Arch.) gheriL; ahatah. 

3. {Bot) patte k& kinaiH ya kor. 

4. \C(mck.) ghonge ki shakl. [j&na. 
Amble, v. n. rah var ya nihil chalna; dugama 
Amble, n. dugama ; rukal. 

Ambler, n. r&h-var; qadam-lnis. 
Ambling, affected^ naz nakhre se chaln&. 
Ambrosia, n. imrat ; §^-i-hayat ; sudha. 
Ambrosial, adj. 1. frmgrant^ khush-bu-d&r ; 
muattar ; mahakni ; sugandhit. [dar. 

2.deUciQH8,\2JXi*y svid; maze-dar; saeqe- 
Ambnlance, n. aspatt&l ki doll y& ^p. [jagah. 
Ambuscade, Ambush, n. kamlii-gah ; gh&t ki 

Bold in close ambutk, base in open field. Dryden, 
Chhnpl §kdt meh i&r, khule khet meh gidU 

to lie in ambtuhy daon gh&t men baithn& ; gh&t 

raen laga rahna. 
Ameliorate, y. a. sudhami ; durust k. ; behtar 

k. : hanan& ; isl&h k. 
Amelioration, n. behtari ; isl&h ; sani^ ; su- 

dhar; durustL 
Amen, adv. aisi hi ho ; &min ; yatha-astH ; 

evam astti ; amiii All&h ; tare mflnh gM 

khriud ; teri avaz Makke Madlae men. 
Amen, n. rah-ul-amin (hazrat Is^l ka khit&b). 
Amenable, adj. 1. governable, muti; farn^Ln- 

bardar; it&at-pizir; aggyi-rain; bas-jog. 
2. accountable, javab-deh ; tabe. 
amenable to jurisdiction^ zer-i-hukUmat y& ad&- 

lat ; siy&sat ke tftbe ; mutaalliq-i-ilaqah. 
Amend, v. a. durust k. ; sab! k. ; sanvarai; thik 

k.; islah d.; sudhirni; baniiQi; tarmim k. 

Mar not the thing that cannot be amended / 

Shaket. JucHzkona9ahv9r$ahomaibigdfof 

Amend, ▼. n. durust h.; thik h.; sanyama; 

islah h. 
Amende, Amende honorable, n. uzr mazirat 
Amendment, n. behtari ; isl&h ; sanvar ; durus- 

tl; tarmim. [kai. 

Amendment ie repentance. Prov. lildkhitaubak 

Amends, n. badla; padash; tavan; dand; 

mukAftt; evaz; evazana; ja^. 
Amenity, n mulsLemat ; narmi ; ashr&fat. 

A menia el thoro, n. taliq-i-nin o nafqi ; roti 

kappl dene se inkar. 
Amentum, catkin. {Bot.) laii, latkan. 
Ameroe, v. a. jurmana k. ; daiid leoa. 
Amercement, n. jurmana ; dand. 
Amess, Amioa, n. jnbba ; j&ma ; chogiL ; chola. 
Amethyst, n. nilam. 
Amiability, Amiableness, n. har-dil-adzi ; man- 

bhaiti [shilvant 

Amiable, acy. har-dil-aziz ; man-bhao ; su-shil ; 
Amiably, ady. sushiltai ya har-dil-a^z! se. 
Amicable, adj. dost&na ; hila-mila ; miU-jbula ; 

ipas-ki. [dosU ; shafqat. 

AmicablenesSy Amicability, n. dost-naviizl ; 
Amicably, ady. dosti se ; ba-taur-dosti ; apas 

mei& ; dostana taur par. 
Amicus curis, n. {Law) munsif ka madadgar. 
Amid, Amidst, prep, bich men ; bich : men ; 

amidst the rest, b&qiyon men. [chuk se; galati se. 
Amiss, ady. ashudh ; bure taur se; bhul se ; 
to take amiss, bura manna ; na-raz h. ; khafa h. 
Amity, n. [S. mUrta, from mitr a friend] 

dosti ; mitrtaL [daylL 

Ammonia, n. E. yumUnia; hosh meii lane ki 
sal ammoniac, nausadar. 
Ammunition, n. asbab-i-harb ; ^min-i-jang; 

barut-gola ; megzin ; lariU ka s&man. 
Amnesty, n. mu&fi; afu-i-jurm; jan-bakhshL 
Among, Amongst, prep, bich; men ; dar-miyan ; 

min-juml&. Among us. Ham meh. 
Amorosa, n. shokh-dldah ; ramjani ; chat&kli- 

chirya ; uchhal-chhakka ; uchhalchittL* 
Amoroso, n. ashiq. 
Amorous, a^j. ashiq; ashiq-mii&j; sh&yaq; 

rasiya; rangila. 
Amorously, ady. ashiqana ; ishq se. [i^^ 

Amorouiness, n. ishq-bazi ; tamash-bini; ras; 
Amorphous, adj. be-daul yii rUp. 
Amort, adj. murda-sa; udas ; sust 
Amount, y. n. tadad h. ; bona. 
Amount, n. jama ; jumla ; tadad ; mublig ; 

raqam; inajuiua; miqdar; basil; jo^; shum&r. 
registered amount, asl jama. [tadSd; tak. 

to the amount of, ba-qadr; ba-andaza; ba- 
Amour, n. ashnal ; int sant ; at sat ; ishq. 
Amorous, adj. ishqija ; ashiqana ; rasiUL 
amorous glances, ras^i ya mithi mithi nasre& 

y& ni^hen. [jal-thal-char. 

Amphit^ous, adj. do-unsar!; bhumi-jal-char; 
Amphibological, adj. mushtabah. 
Amphibrach, n. (/'z o«.) jagan. [ghar; akhi^ft. 
Amphitheatre, n. dangal ; tamasha-gah ; n&oh- 
Ample, adj. [Lat. pleo, Skr. pri, H. pwr fill, 

P. jnir full.] 1. extended, bara ; yasi ; farftkh ; 

kushadah ; kalan ; lamba-chaunL 
2. abundant, bahut sa (Abundant). 
ample provision, bahut-sa khana 3r& rasad. 
Ampleness, n. 1 . vasat ; phail&o ; phail&va ; 

fkrakhi. 2. hahntat (Abundance). 
Amplification, n. 1. barbae; phailao. 

8. (Rhet) bist&r ; tQl ; mub&lga. 

AiBplifSf, ▼. a. barhana; tul d. 

Antplitade, n. 1. extent^ phail&y& ; vusat ; fa- 
^khi. 2. See Abundance. 3. {Ast) dun purab 
pachchham ke chakkar^ y& khat-i-iatawa^ ya 
maddh rekha se. 

Am^, ady, ba-kasrat ; ba-ifr&t; bauhtat se; 
lel pel se ; mala-mal ; bharpur. [d&ln&. 

Amplltatey v. a. azv k&tna ya qalam k, ; kat 

Ampiitatloii, n. qate-azv ; chir phar; kat kut. 

Afluuk, adv. andha-dhufid ; be-taLhash&; be- 
dharak; munh uthg& [jantr; tayiz. 

Anuilftti n. [A. amaly S. mantra a onarm] gand& ; 

Kmmmif y« a. 1. divert^ bahlan&; khusb k.; 

tafiih d.; khilana; khayal bat&na; dil 

laganft. 2. delude, dam d. ; jhansa d. ; dam 

pk iMoik men rakhna. [/oAiuon. 

fie oaiMctl his folio wen with idle promigee. 

U9 fie dpne tdthiyoh ho vdde valid meh rakkhd, 

|9 amu9e fmetdf, dil bahlana ; ji khush k. 
Amiiminmit^ n. dil-bahlao; tafrih-i-taba; dil-lagi; 

sair; tam&sha. [kijagah; sair-g^h. 

^louot of tmituementy raDg-bhQm ; sair tamEshe 
Amuiagy a4j. 1. (Mngs) dil-chasp; dil-bahlao. 
2. (persona) dil-lagi-baz ; nuql-i-majlis. 
An omurina story. DU-ehatp kahaiA. 
Aii art. 1. 4nUy ek ; kd ; koi 8&. 

2. ecuh^ bar; harek; har-kcn. [yaqt. 

Anaehioniam, n. t&rikh ki galati ; ikbtilaf-i- 
Anagxaniy a. tahrif ; madhilapa ; laff o nashar. 
Anagram, ▼. a. tahrif k. ; ek kl jagah dusre 

ko rakhna; jagah badaloa. 
Aulogieali adj. mushabeh ; mutabiq ; muta- 

misU ; milt& jhulta ; ham-shakl. 
Analogically, adv. tamklan; tashbihan; tashblh 

ke sith ; mal&biqat 6e ; upma se. 
Aaalogoaa, a^j. mushabeh; mutabiq; yak- 

tfA ; ek-rQp ; ek surat ka ; ham-shakl. 

Aaalogna, n. mushftba ; ham-shakl. 

Aniljniiy n. 1. bhanjan; tashrih; tajaiKsa; tafriq; 

biittrn; jabr; kan-tor-fiodban. 2. (Math,) 

WKMah ko jabar muqable se nik&lne ka 

taifqa. 3. (Chem.) kan-khoj ; tat-nikas. 

4. (Gram.) padh-chbedan ; tarldb ; anva^ 

§ m m Ur ical analynSj uqlaidas ko jabar muq&- 
bile se Abit L 

qmHiattve analym] gun-bhanjan. 

fumiiiijUiw anali/na, bojh'bhanjan. [tafiiq-dan. 

Aa^tflt, iL sodhi ; sodhne-wg.Ul ; tajazza-dao ; 

Aai^tie, Analytical, adj. tashrihi; tafriql; 

Aii^ftical Cteometry, bat&tl lakir-n&p ; gahrl 

gintl'D&p; bijganit-nap. [tafriq; ba-tashrlh. 
Analytically, adv. bit-tashrili ; tashrihan ; ba- 
AnaMicii n. (pi.) tlm-itashrih. 
Am^miae, adj. lial ya tashrih ke layaq ; 

hhin-jog; qabil-i-tafriq ; tajazsu-pizTr. 
tm^fw^ v. a. tafriq, tajazza, tashrih, juz, 

takre, y& kan k ; sodhna; bhanjan k. 
Analjfwri d. I, the pereoH, sodhue-vals. See 

Aaalyat. 8. the ivbiiance, galane-vala. 

AnapflBSt, n. (Pros,) ek vazan ya chal jis men 

do clihoti aur ek ban niattri ho ; sagan. 
Anarchy, n. 1. political, gadar ; padshah-gardi ; 
balva; fasSUl; bad-ami! ; chaupat-raj ; sik- 
khan-shahi ; marahti ; shah ji ki amal-d&rl. 

2. general, hal-chal ; ghabrahat ; afra tafri ; 
hangama; khalbali. 

Spread anarehv and terror all around. Cowper, 
I JBad-amU aur aar sab jagah phaU gayd, 

Anaa, n. (Omith) murg-abi. 

Anasarca, n. (Med,) jalandar; istisqi; soth. 

Anathema, n. 1. sarap; phitklr. 2. huqqe 

p&ni kl band! ; kiry& karam se nik&la jana. 
Anathematize, t. a.phitkarua ; huqq& pani band 

k. ; z&t bahar k.; bir&dri se kharij k. 
Anatomic, Anatomical, ady. ilm-i-tashrihya ang 
biddy& ke mutaalliq ; k&t kdt y& chir phar 
ke sambandhS. [chime-vala; jairah. 

Anatomist, ang-biddya-guni ; tashiih-dan ; 
Anatomize, v. a. 1. dissect, chlm& ; chU* phar 
k. : kat kt\t k. ; katna ; ohak k. ; azv juda k. 
2. analyze, kholn& ; tuk^e tukre k.; juz juz k. 
Anatomy, n. 1. dissection, chir phar ; kat kilt ; 
jarr&bL 2. the science, ang-biddya; ilm-i- 
tashrih ; badan ka ilm. 
comparative anatomy, ilm-i-ta8hrlh4>haL¥^auat. 
An^tor, Q. /or^Ai^Aer, purkh&; pitr; jad^ 
bap-dada ; d&dJa par-dada. [ek dada' 

common ancestor, mfiris-i-alS.; muris-i-muttahad * 
Ancestorial, Ajiceatral, adj. t\M; maurOsi'^ 
jadd! ; bap-dada kl ; bapauti ; pushtainL * 
anc6«^ra/ />ra/7er^y, jaed&d-i-maurtSsi; bapautl- 

dhan ; bapauti ; imlak-i-jaddL . 
Ancestry, n. 1 . lineage, nasi ; hasab o nasab ; 
ghai^na; kbandan ; pusht; piihl; kul. 

2. high birth, Eli khand&n ; bara gharana ; 
&1! nasi ; bara ghar. [&8r& ; bharo^L 

Anchor, n. 1. langar. 2. (Met.) ja^panah; 
. sheet anchor, bat a langar. 
to be (St anchor, langar par h.; tbaira-hua h. 
to come to andior, langar dSina ; jahaz khara k. 
to foul anchor, langar ulajhnl 
to weigh anchor, langar uthftu&; jahaz chalana. 
Anchor, v. n. 1. ccut anchor, langar dalna. 

2. stop, thaima ; muqim h. 
Anchorage, n. 1. harbour, bandar. 
2. tfu dfUy, bandar k& mahsal. 
Anchoret, Anchorite, n. goshe-nashin ; tartk- 
ud-duniya; tyagi; sannjSsi ; udasi ; bairagi ; 
Anchovy, n. ek qism ki chhoti bahri machhll. 
Ancient, adj. 1 . old (in time), puiatia ; prachiu ; 
qadlmi; derina; san&tau-k%. 2,of long dura- 
tion, rauddat-ka; bahut din-ka; zamane 
salaf y& peshin Idl ; pable zam&ne-ka. 
Z.past, agla; peshin; salaf. 
ancient times, agla ya purana zamana ; zama- 

na-i-sabiq ; agle vaqt. 
Ancient, n. (pL) purane y& qadlm vaqt ke log ; 
prachln log; purkh&; qudama; mutaqad- 
damin; buzurg. 

And, cooj. aur; y&; o. [h&z-al-qay&a. 

and so foH\ cmd so on, vagaira ; isl tarah ; ala- 
and that, cooj. aur yeh ki. 
Andante, adj. (Mus.) maddham, fthista (sur). 
Anecdote, n. hik&jat; chutkuli; naql; rav&- 

yat. [bojh-n&p. 

Anemometer, n. hav&-n&p ; pavan-nftp ; bio- 
Anemone, n. shaq&yaq-i-nom&ii ; gul-i-havi. 
Anent, prep, b&bat ; b&re ; dar-b&re ; madde. 
Anenterons, adj. bil&-rodah ; afitri-rabit. 
Aneroid, adj. bagair p&re ke. 
Anenriim, n. rag k& tatn&. 
Anew, adv. naS sire ee; phir-ee; phir-ke; 

phirke ee ; sire ae ; ulat-ke ; az ear i-naiu ; 

' dohr&-kar. [h&tif. 

Angel, n. X,aspintua!beingfia.nnhtBi; malak; 

Like hngiU riiita, few and far between. 
QAk$ make H muUqU. iJi eh&hd kidhar u 
mkld t) [fell Shakes. 

Angels are bright itill, though the brighteet 
Oo farishtah bard hUd mardw, 
Parfariehte haiH ab hfn nUrdni. 
2. beautiful person^ pari; parl-sftd; bflr; 
apcbharft; paryi; tnab-laqft. 
angels who question the dead, (Mah,) Munkir 

Nakir; Jamrftj ; naldrain. 
the angel of death, Izrill ; roalak-ul-raant ; jam. 
the recording angels, Kirjman k&tibln ; Chitr- 

the world of angels, &lam-i-malakat. 
Angelic, Angelical, adj. fariahtE-khaslat ; 

farisbtakhtl ; malakl-eiflit 
Angelica, n. (Bot,) anjaliq. 
Anger, n. kirodh ; gussa ; khafgl ; taieb ; iULb ; 
tebU; t&mas; obbo; jhQnjal. 

Anger is the fever and freniy of the loaL ProT* 

Kirodh Atom juar haM. 

Anger may glance into the breast of a wiae man, 

but rests only in the bosom of fools. ProT. 
Bwdh-jan ur mehjhalke kirodh, mUrcdch hirde 

hose kirodh. 
Anger punishes itself. ProT. Kirodhi nij drohl. 

flushed with anger, gusse men l&l ho gayii ; l&l 

pila hu&. 
A]^per, v. a. ri8&n& ; cbbo y& jbQnjal dil&n& ; 

gutt^ dilaD& ; khaf^ k. 
Angle, D. (Geom.) kona ; kon ; z&viya. 
acute angle, z&viya-i-b&dda ; suk^il kona. 
adjacent angle, z&viya-i-muttasila ; mil& kon. 
aXtemate angle, adal-badal kon; s&viya-i- 

mutab^alah. [i-mubitl. 

angle at the ctrcamferenoe, obakkar-kon ; ziviya- 
angle at which a plane is inclined, (Geom.) 

dhalao y& jhuk&o kona. [kon&. 

angle of depression, a&viya-i-tabt&ni ; nicbl& 
angle of friction, (Mech.) ragay-koni. 
angle of incidence, paf t! icon. [i-mur&jaat. 

angle of reflection, likalkon ; palatkon; z&viya- 
angle of the eye, koy& ; goeba-i-chaehm. 
angle of the mouth, b&chb. 
curvilinear angle, cb&p-kon ; z&viya-i-manbanl. 
exterior angle, b&harl-kon; zlviya-i-bertini ; 


half angle, &db&-kon; nisf-s&viya. 

interior angle, bbitarl-kon; z&viy-i-andanm! ; 

mixed angle, ek eldbi aur ek gol lakir k& kon. 
oblique angle, qftcfmi se bar& y& cbbot& z&viya. 
obtuse angle, pbail&-kon& ; z&viya-i-munfarija. 
plane angle, cbauraa koo ; z&viya-i-muBatta. 
plane rectilineal angle, z&yiya-i-mueattab moa- 

taqim-ulkbattaiu ; sldbl laklrofi k& cbauras 

kon&. [taqlm-ul-kbattun. 

rectilineal angle, endb-lakir kon ; z&viya-i-moa- 
right angle, sam-lcon; pOrft kon; dviya-iq&Sma. 
solid angle, tbos kon ; z&viya-i-mujassam. 
splierical angle, gol kona ; cLftp-kon ; z&viya-i- 

mustavl y& roustadlr. 
vertical angle, sir-kon ; i^viya-i-rilB. 
visual angle, driebt-koo ; z&viy&-i-nazit. 
Ansle, ▼. n. hfish, banei lag&n& y& kbelnft; 

abast pbenki^ ; k&nU d&ln&. 

2. (v. a.) employ artifiee, ob&r& d&loi; jil 

bicbb&n%; goud& dikb&D&; dilpba&sftnft; 

d&n& jam&Q&. [nft. 

to angle with a silver hook, sone Id katJLrl mir- 

Anglemeter, n. kon-nftp ; z&viya-m&p. [kbili^ 

Angler, n. tite person, banelb&z; banal kE 

An cmgter eats more than he gets. Prov. 

Bansl kd khUdft, Ubse thojrd, khttoe bahut. 

2. (Ich.) fishing frog, m&bi-g^ me^ak; 

ek qism kl macbblL 
Anglican, adj. aogrezon ke maihab k&. 
Anglice, adv. angrezi me& 
Angliciim, n. angred mab&vra. 
Anglicise, v. a. angrezi banftaft ; 
Angling, n. bansi-bftzl. 
Anglo, adj. Angrezi; Inglist&nL 
Anglo-Indian, n. Hindust&n ke Angrez. 
Angrily, adv. gusse y& kbafgl ee ; jbu^jl&-kar ; 

cbbo ho-kar. [kirodhi ; t&miL 

Angry, adj. kbaf^; gnssail; bar-bam; cbbo; 

An angry man is again angry with himself 
when he returns to reason. Prov. \jhwkjUU* 
Ousu meh d-kar jhuhjldM jab Spe meh di to dpept 
He that is angry is seldom at ease. ProT. 

Kirodhi ko chain kahdht{TaiMh meh aishkakdfit) 
to be angry, gusse j& khaf)^ b.; cbbo b. 
Angnish, n. dard ; pii-i ; kasbt ; d&run-dnkh. 
Angnlar, adj. 1. gosbe-d&r ; kone-dar ; koniyL 
2. stiff, sharp, kai-ft; cbubbt&; lagUL; 
kbatakti; kbubt&. 
angular motion, nisf-qutar k^ daur. 
angular section, kon-k&t ; taqnlm-i-z&viya. 
angiUar velocity, nisf-qutar kl raft&r. [pan. 

Angnlaritf, n. 1, koo-pan, 2. (Met,) nukili- 
Angnlate, adj. (Bot) kon-dar; gosbe-d&r. 
Angnlodentate, adj. (^o/,) datlll. 
Angnlometer, n. b&barI-kon«n&p. 
Anhelation, n. h&npml ; bankni ; dam cbafh- 

!)& ; B&us pbuln& y& bbam&. 
Anil, n. nil il pauda; (Ist year) nandho; (2nd 

year) pe^ ; (drd year) tilafig^ 
Anile, a^j. bu^'hiy&jaisft; buddhi aurat 8& ; saif. 
Anility, d. bu^'b&pa ; piri ; zaill ; kam-zori. 

angrezi me& 




AninuidTeriion, n. mal&mat; 4^t dapat; 

aarsaniah ; ihrat-dih! ; tamblh ; chashm- 

nam&i. [tamiuli k. 

AniinadTert, v. n. inalamafc k. ; sarzanish k ; 
AwiTnal, n. janvar; pashQ; haivin; dhor; 

dingar. [diKur. 

an irraiUmal animal^ haiyiiMHnutlaq ; pashQ ; 
a ralional €tmnial, haiv&n-i-n&tiq j ins&a; 

idmi; manuah; m&nas. 
Antina!, adj. haiv&nl. 
ammal/ood, gosht ; m&s. 
mdmal keat, har&rat-i-garizi ; jiv-agni. 
ammal kingdom^ jiy jantQ ; haiv&o&t. 
aaamal pauion or gratificaiionf 

ahahvat; lazaiz-i-haii^oii; k&m ; k&m-deo ; 

indxi ; havae* Daft&Di. 
ammal spirits, tabiat ka josh ; man ki lahr. 
Aaimaleiile, n. ohhot& k^ jo khurd-bia hi ae 

dikblii de. 
Aaimallam, n. aiySshi; shabvat-parasti ; hairSl- 

nijat; laz&ia-i-haiv&nT ; indii-bhog. 
Animatey y. a. I. quicker^ jilaoa; jaa d&lD&; 

stnda k. 2. encourage, himmat y& dh&raa 

bandhina; taqviyat deii&; jurat dilanH; 

hanalah ya dil barh&oa. 

3. Mo^eytaigib denlL ; uki^nll ; bharluUda. 

Anhnata, adj. 1. char; jlt&; jaa-dftr; zi-rOh. 

2. aindah-di]. [be-jan. 

fmimaU and inanimatey char-achar ; jan-dftr o 

tmiwuUed language, jan d&bie-Yali-&v&z; sindab- 

dilo& ki avaz y& zaban. 
Aniiiuttiimy n. aindah-dill ; jan ; josh, 
Animoaitj, Ajumna, n. 

dnahmani.; a<^yat; bair; birodh; bngz; 

khoaumat; Idna; lag; 8hatrut&. 
AniMy n. saunf k&arq; anisun. [birhali; bady&n. 
Aniseaeedy Aniseed, n. tukhm-i-anisun; aaimf; 
Aaiiette, n. saunf ki sharab. 
Ankle, n. takhni; k&b. [tukh&n-i-k&b. 

Ankle-bone, n. takbne ki haddi; gatU; us- 
Ankle-deep, adj. takhne takhne ; takhnon-tak. 
Anklet, n. p&yal ; pazeb. 
Annalist, n. yaqae-oi^r. 
Aanala,o. salanah-sarguzasht; tavankh; itihSls. 
annals of the past, ta^rikh-i-salaf. 
A»iiaa^i^ V. a. shishe ko rangne ke vaste garm k. 
Annex, v. a. lag^ua; milana; shamil k.; 

jornA ; natthi k. 
fa annex territory, qalamrau men shiimil k. ; 

molk men milanft; apne liLj men mil&na; 

ilhSq k. ; mulhaq k. 
Annexed, adj. jurSrhi^; munsalak; mash- 

mdla; mulhaq; natthi kiy&-hu§. ; shiLmlL 
annexed papers, kigaz&t-i-munsalaka ; k&gazat- 

shiiuil-i-misl ; natthi kiye-hue' kagaz. [ilbaq. 
Annexation, n. lagao; mel; jor; ittis&l; 

The annexation of Ondh.. Ilhdq-i-Avadh. 

Anaihilato, v. a. [Lat. nihil, P. nest, nothing, S. 
iidiA, U. nds destruction,] mit&na; madum k.; 
btnAinA; ni-paid k; saty&nas k.; nest o n&bfid 
k. ; fani k.; kaladam k; khak men mil&nE. 

Annihilatiwi, n. nas ; bin&s; fan&; saty&n&s; 

nivirnSs; nestL ^din. 

Anniyeraary, adj. salana; barsaun; barasyen 
Anniyeraary, n. baras din kA din ; barkhi ; 
I bars!; barsauri; sftl-girah; baras-^ntb. 
(cf one's birth) janam drn ; yaum-i-paid&isb. 
{of on^# death) barsi ; dasa ; din» 
Ajino BMolii^ n. saun-i-isvi. 
Ajmo Hundi, n. 8an-i-paidaish^i-dimiy&. 
Ajinotate, y. a. tikH, sharah, h&shiy&, ya tafsir 

likbn&, ya cha^han&. [sa-tik; "tika-sahit. 

Ajinotated, adj. muhashsoa; musbarrah; 
Ajinotation, n. tika ; sharah ; tafsir ; hSishiya. 
AjinotatoT, n. tikl-k&r; mufassir; shareh; 

Announce, y. a. zHhir k. ; mashbur k. ; khabar 

dena; (Cor,) gazatk. ; chbapni,; dhandonl 

ya daundi pitni ; ittila k. ; pargbat k ( Ad- 

yertise)» [tahir k 

to announce to the public, elan den& ', muah- 
Annonuoement, n. khabar; beora; ittila; 

&g&hi (Advertisement). 
Annoy, y. a. sat&na; diq k ; taklif d. ; dukh 

d. ; iz& dena y& pahnnchana ; hairan k 
Annoyance, n. taklif; dukh; iza; diqqat; 

tasdiya; mazarrat. 
giving or causing annoyance, iza-rasanL 
Annoying, part. adj. azar-deh; takllf-deh; 

dukhd&i; i^-rasan. 

Annual, adj. 1. barsi ( Anniversary ). [ei. 

2. lasting only a year, fasli; rut k& ; ek-bar- 

Annual examination. SdlAna imtehdn, Annu(U 

meeting^ Jalta-i-tMnd ; sSldnd 9abkS yd Jdlsa, 

AiiTiim.1^ n. 1. (Bot,\ fasli ya rut ^ pauda» 

2. publication, sEl&ua ris&la. 
Annually, ady. s&l ke s&l; sil bansS.!; har 

sal ; s&1an& ; har baras. 
Annuitant, n. s&lSna vazifa-khuSr ; barsauri 

pane-v&lk; s&l^a-dar; salana pinshan-dar; 

inglisya; salana vaslqe-dar. [&na; barsauri. 
Annuity, n. sSLlana vazifa ya mashEhia ; aal- 
Annul, y. a. radd k ; mansukh k (Abolish). 
Annular, adj. chhallft-sa; halqe-num&; chhalle- 

dar ; chballe ki m&nind. 
Annulet, n. chhoU chhall&. [tardid ; bhang. 
Annnlment, n. kal-adam ; mansflkhi; tansikh; 
Annulose, adj. kire makaure j&tL 
Annimciation, n. bash&rat. 
Anodyne, n. pir-haran aukhad ; taskin-bakhsh 

dava ; musakkin-dav&. [d&ln&, y& malna. 

Anoint, v. a. 1 . rub with oil, tel chuparna, laganl^ 

When thou fastest anoint thy head 1 
Jab roia rakkho sir men td lagdo / 

2. consecrate, riij tilak k ; tel ban k. (a 
Anointed, p. adj. rSj tilak hu&. [ku-rit. 

I Anomalous, adj. khil§.f qaeda y& zabita ; an-rit ; 
Anomaly,; khiliif-sarishtagi; an-rit. 
Anon, adv. 1. soon, jaldi ; abhi; fauran ; anau 
f&nan men. 2. sometimes, kabhi; kabhi kabhl; 
1 kadhi kadhi ; gahe nwlhe ; phir ; g^he gahe. 

ever and anon, ab tab ; tbair tbair^ke. 
AxLonyma, a. (Slang) qabba; kh&mp&ra; kutiya. 
AnoaymoxiB, a<iy. gum-n&m; gupt-n&m; be- 

n&m; l&-alam. 
AxLouymoiiBly, adv. be-n&m. 
AxLorexy, n. (Med.) arucb. [rabna. 

Anosmia, u. (Med.) quvvat-i-sb&mma k& j&tft 
AxLotber, adj. 1. no^ ^ii^; aame, aur ; dCuuri ; digar ; 

mukhtalif; gair. 

This is another pftir of shoet. Slang, 
Yek aur jo f 6 hai. Yeh aur bdt hoi, 

2. one more^ ek aur ; dClsrfi. 

3. any others ko! aur ; aur ko! ; kol diUrft. 
Diaoover not a secret to another/ ProT. 
Kin aur m bhid mat hahol [ProT. 
Let anolher praise thee and not thy own mouth I 
Aur chiiheh tumh&ri tdr\f 4»reA, par turn apiM 

mUhh $e ajml Ulrlf mat karo. 
(Apne mUhh miydh miUhU mat bono / ProT.) 

4. not on^s eel/, gair ;"parftjl. 

Answer, v. n. 1.6^ like, muv&fiq, mut&biq, ja- 
T&by&jorb.; lagn&; takkarkb&ni; milo&. 
Heart answereth to heart Dil kA dCiid dSL 

2. he sufficient f k&ft b.; ptM h. ; ptbr& pafoft. 
I do not need two, one will antwer. 

Do nahih ehdhlMh, ek hi k^ hoL 
Honey antwertth all thinn. 
Rupaye le $ah kucKh ho taktd hoL 

3. to be correlative, l&ziin malztiin b. 

4. succeed, riUt &aft; tbik &Q&, bann&, y& hon&; 
nibbni; sadbni; tbik baithni; mauzOfi b. 

5. be aecountahUf zimmeb^ib: b.; z&mia 
b.; javab-deb b. [kahn&; ja^b-deb! k. 

Answer, y . a. 1 . reply to, jav&b y& uttar deu^ ; 

To anttoer one in his own language. Proy. 

Javdb'i-Tarkl ba TurH. Proy. 

Blows will antwer blows. Proy. [den^, Proy.) 
OhUnse kdjaM ghAAsd. (Tkt H lenl patthar H 
2. «a^H^, pQr& k. ; ada k.;* nib&bQ&; an- 
fim denE ; barfibar k. 

Does this antwer your expectations f 
Yeh tumhdri ummed ke muvi^/lq hait 
This will not answer at alL Yeh nahlh Kogd, 
S.r^'/uto, lH-jayabk.; band k.;.raddk. 4. 
correspond with, mulliiq b. ; jayiLb b. ; miln&. 
The door on this side antwert to the one on that 
side. Yen darvdza ut darvdte kdjavdb haL 
Answer, n. 1. reply, jayab; uttar. 

A soft antwer turneth away wrath. Proy. 

Mithd uttar idle krodh, 

(Tkcmdd loh'd garm lohe ko kdttd hai, Proy. 
Cold steel will cut through hot iron). 

2. (to a problem) jay&b ; uttar ; pbal. 

3. (to a riddle) bfljb ; pbal. 4. (Law) tardid; 
radd-i-kalam ; priti-lAd ; jay&b-d&y&. 

anstffer in appeal, jayab-i-mt^ibftt. 

answer to a plaint, jayaib-d&v&. 

decisive answer, do tQk jayib. [javib-i-qatal, 

definiU answer, '^Mih-i-AlXl] jav&b-b&H3ay&b ; 

evasive answer, til matol. 

plain answer, s&f javab. 

Answerable, adj. 1. opp. of unanswerable, mum- 
kin-ul-jay&b ; uttar-jog. 2. accountable, bis&b- 
deb ; q&bil-i-b&z-purs ; jay&b-talab. 3. respon- 
sible, zamin; zimmeb-yar; jay&b-deb. 4. liable, 
8az&-y&r; mustaujib; l&yaq; mubtamaL 

Ant, n. cbefiti ; obitli&tl ; cbinti ; klii 

large ant, cbenU ; cblanU ; ohfiita. 

red ant, l&l cbefitl. 

white ant, dimak ; Pa^f. seonk. 

Antbear, n. obeGiitl-kbor. 

Anteateher, n. mor-g!r. 

Ant-bill, n. cbenti kft UVk. 

Antacid, n. kbat&im&r; d&fe-i-tursbi. 

Antagonism, u. bair ; l&g ; birodb ; mukb&la- 

fat ; tanOzi ; muq&bila ; kbusiimat. 
Antagonist, n. opponent, barif; mukb&lif; 

muq&bil; mukh&sim ; jor; priti-b&d!. 
2. (Anat.) ek pattb& jo dusre ke kbiUlf 

barakat karta bai. 
A2itagonistie, Antagonistical, adj. 

biprit; birudb; bimukb; mukb&lif; kbi- 

l5f; bar-aks; zid. [junQbf. 

Antarotio, adj. juuQbi qutab-y&U; qutab-i- 
Antartbritic, adj. gatbiy&-m&r; d&fa-i-yajaU 

muftsil. [dama. 

Antastbmatic, adj. d&fa-i-zlq-ul-nafis; d&fa-i- 
Antatropbio, n. tap-i-diq k& il&j. 
Ante, (In compos.) age ; pable ; pesb ; qabl. 
Antecedent, adj. muqaddam ; pabl& ; qabl ; 

Antecedent, n. 1 . what goes before, pable &no-y&1&; 

agr-gaml; mlqabl. 2. (Math.) pabli Ink; 

raqam-i-ayval. 3. (Gram.) mausQl. 4. (Logic) 

sbart; jumla-i-sbartlya ; muqaddam. 
Antecedently, ady. pablose; pesbtar se ; &ge; 

qabl-az-In. [deo^-bi; dabliz; paull. 

Antecbamber, Anteroom, n. b&bar ks kamra ; 
Antedate, y. a. 1. date beforehand, agli miti 

y& t&rikh Iikbn&. 2. anticipate, pesb-baudi 

k. ; pesb-dasti k.; pabal k. [m&ne ka. 

Antediluvian, adj. qabl-i-taau; Nob ke za- 
Antelope, n. cbhalle-dar sing-vftlft mirg ; mirg. 
Antemeridian, A. H. adj. dupabr pablo; qabl 

az dopahr. [duniyR bo pable. 

Antemundane, adj. qabl paid&isbi-duniyft ; 
AntennsB, n. smgh jis se kire tatolte bain. 
Antenniferous, adj. sifigb-dir'(kive). 
Antenniform, adj. singb jaisa ; Bingh kl sbakl. 
Antepenult, n. lafz k^ &kbir sc t!dr& tuk|% ; 

aikbiri do tiikron se pabl& tukiH 
Antepenultimate, adj. 5.kbir ke do juzv y& 

tukfofi ko cbborkar. [i-sara. 

Antlleptic, adj. mufid-i-sara ; mirgi-mar ; d&fa- 
Anteposition, n. (Oram.) ek lafz ka pable 

rakhni jo plohbe ftyil kart& bai. 
Anterior, adj. pablii ; muqaddam ; pesbin ; 

s&biq-l^; avyal. 
Antbelmintic, adj. (Afed.) ki^e-mar (aukbad) ; 

kencbye m&rne-y&l! (daya). 

Antbem, n. bbajan; astuti; madab; munajit 
Antbemis, n. (Bot.) babun&. 
Antber, n. (Bot.) zira ; zar-i-gul. 
Antber dust, n. (Bot.) zire ki dbol. 
Antherifsrons, Antberoid, a^j. 

(Bot,) zire-dar; zar-dar (pbdl). 

lAthMis, n. (Bot.) khilanti ; shigafUg^ 
Anthology, n. galdasta-i-nazm. 
Anthony's fire, n. surkh-bada ; bimb. 
Anthracite, n. jhQU koel&. 
Anthropography, n. insan ki qaumon ka ba- 

yan ; maDuah-baman. [thar ban j&na. 

Anthropolite, n, (Pal.) admi ke jism ka pat- 
Anthropology, n. iUn-i-tashrih (Anatomy). 
Anthropomancy, n. ins&n ki antrion ko dekh-ke 

ahugon ya fill lena. 
Anthropomorphiflni, n. autar lena ; deh dharan 

k. ; qadir-i-mutlaq ka ghakl-i-insan met an& ; 

jiam insan men ruh-i-pak ka hultU k. 
Anthropomorphite, n. Parmeshar ko manush 

sa rfip aamajhne-vala. 
Anthropophagi, n. (pi.) manush-bhakshi ; mar- 

dom-khor; adam-khor. 
Anthropophagous, adj. adam-khor. 
Anthropophagy, n. manush-bhakshan ; mar- 

dum-khori; adam-kbori. 
Anthypnotic, adj. nind dOr kame-i^i ; nindii^ 

haran; mana-i-khuab. fnaqlz; khilaf. 

I Anil, priv, haran ; biprit ; bimdh ; zid ; dafe ; 
AntiMlions, adj. {Med.) pit-haran; pit-mar; 

^Lfa-i-ya qata-i-safra. [jan. 

Aatics, n. tamaaba; khel; thatta; chhalbali- 
Aiticlucist, n. duahman-i-Maalb. 
Aatictpate, y. a. 1. do or take before anotlher, 

peeh-daati k.; pahal k.; pesh-qadmi k.; 

pahle se lena ya qabza k. 2. preclude, pahle 

se rok ja dab rakbna. Z, foretaste, pahle se 

ToaA chakima ; ji hi ji men pahle se khush 

h. ya maaa lena ; socb men marna. 
Anticipation, n. l.adof anticipating, peeh- 

dasti; peah-qadmi; peab-bini; aabqat 
t.foretatte, khayal! maza. 
h$ prttemi in atUieipation of, ummed par hazir L 
latiiiotal, adj. zahr-mohia sa ; tiryaq-sai 
Antidote, n. bls-mar ; bia-haran ; zabr-mohra ; 

Astimonlal, a^j. aurmarjai^; aurma-agin. 
Antifthnle, a<^. juar-nasik; tap-mar; dafa-i- 

bnkhar ya tap. 
Antimony, n. surma ; anjan. 
Antipathy, n. bair ; dushmani; adavat; naf- 

rat; ghiu; karabiyat; chi^; gilao. . 
mUmrtU anUpaihy, nafrat-i-iati ; jibilli-dush- 

mani; bagz-i-lillahi, [cUl&-i-yarm. 

Aitiphlogistic, adj. (Med.) sOjan-utar ya mar ; 
Ait^odes, n. (pi.) 1. bhtkgol ke tale ke admi; 

kiura-i-aamin ke dOBri janib ke l^Lshinde. 
8. oppanite, bi-rudh ; zid ; naqis. 
Anti^inrian, adj. rdaUng to antiquity, punlna ; 

praebfn; poiatam; qadim; Bala£ 
Antiqaniian, Antiquary, n. purani batoik ka 

tahqiq kame-yila; praofahii; muhaqqiq-i-salaf. 
Aatiq[nnte, ▼. a. matrdk k.; be-riyaj k. 
Aitiqnated, part. adj. purana; matrdk; gair- 

Antiqne, adj. 1. emaenif parana ; qadim (An- 

deot). 2. oddf anokha; niiala. 

Antiquity, n. 1. old times, pahla y& purana 

yaqt; agli zamana ; zamana-i-sabiq ; zamana- 

i-salaf. 2. great age, sadamat; qadamat ; 

bahut din k&. 3. ancients, purane log ; agle 

log ; mutaqaddamia (Ancients). 
4. relics, tabarrukU ; Ss&r ; ohinh. 
Antiscorbutic, Antiscorbnticfl^, adj. labQ- 

chhant ; musaffi-i-khun. 
Antiseptic, n. (Med.) saran-rok. 
Antispasmodic, adj. (Med.) aintban-ndr ; d&fa- 

Antithesis, {Ehet.) sanat-i-tazad ; birudh alan- 

kar ; ijtimae ziddain. 
Antithetic, Antithetical, adj. zid; naqiz; biprit. 
Antitype, n. mQjid; asl; bani; mukhtare. 
Antivenereal, n. (J/ec?.) atshak ki daya. [gayazn. 
Antler, n.bara singe ka sing; l»r&-8inga;shakh-i- 
Anus, n. ganr; guda; miqad. 
Anyil, n. ahran ; nih&I ; sandaA. 
it is on the anvil, (Met.) ban rahi hai; hath men 

hai; ( VTcMAcTm^n) bhatti charhag hain; ghan 

dala hai. 
Anxiety, Anzionsness, n. soliciiude, fikr ; chin- 

ta ; andesha ; tashvish ; taraddud. 
Anxious, adj. mutaraddid; fikr-mand; ande- 

sha-nak ; mutafakkir. 
Anxiously, ady. chinta se; fikr, ya taraddud se. 
Any, acy. 1. a single one of many, koi; koi sa; 

jaunsa. Any of you, koi turn se. 
Are there amjf witDesees present ? 
K<A gavdh hdtir hai f [kuclih. 

2. an indefinite number, kisi qadar; koi; 
Who will show us any good ? 
Baihoiuplsdrif Hat hol<ihama ddtdt 
3. of whatetfer kind, kaisa hi ; kuohh hi ; 

kisi tarah ka ; jai^ ho. 
any body, any one, koi admi ; koi ; koi shakhs. 
at any rate, kuchh hi ho ; ho so ho ; ba-har 

sdrat ; bar che bada bad. 
Any, ady. kuchb; kuchh ek; kisi qadar. 

Are you any better? Kuchh turn, ho dram hai f 
any thing, koi chiz ; kuchh. 

Do you want any thing ? Kuchh chdhiye t 
any how, any mse, kisi tarah ; jaise bane ; jis 

tarah bo-sake ; kaise hi ho ; kisi tarah se ; 

ba-har nau. [kahiu na kahin. 

any where, kahin ; kisi jagah ; jaha& kahin ; 
Aorist, n. (Gram.) muzara ; lu&g-lakar ; ades. 
Aorta, n. (Anat.) shah-rag ; rag-i-jan. 
Apace, ady. jaldi se; turant se; shitabi se; 

fjEkuran; zQd. 
Apart, ady. 1. separately, alag; niyara; ekant; 

ek-lang; ek-kinHre ; juda; ek-taraf; ek- 

bagal; alaihda. 

2. away, dOr; pare; alag; fasle par. 
Apartment, n. kotha; kamra; kothri; khana. 
men^s apartments, mardaiia makan ; baithak ; 

chaupar; divan-kbana; nishast-gah. 
women* s apartments, rauyas; zai^na makan;. 

zanan-khana; mahal-sara; haram-sara. [mehr. 
Apathetic, Apathetical, a^j. murda-dil; sard- 
Apathy, n. murda-dili ; sard-roehri ; be-paryaL 

Ape, n. [A. S. apa, Skr. iapi.] 

1. bandar ; bandar; b&nar; bilasna; mai- 

mQn; mannti; {Fern, bandariya). 

The higher the ape goes the more he shows 
his tail. Prov. Joh joh ubhre hdhdrd won 
v)oh pfihchh dikhii. 
An apt is an aptt a varlet's a variety 
Though they be clad in silk or scarlet. ProT. 
SiJlA bandar haih §add i\/ld o bandar, gar 
Pahne makhnuU kd vohjcfd yd ki retkampur'mr. 
{Khar-i-Itd agar ba Makka ratad, 
Ck&h bidyad hanoz kkar bdshad. Per. ProT.) 

2. a servile imdiator, ris kame-valSl; hirsiya. 
Ape, y. a. naqal k.; ris pitnii, yh k.; hirs k. 
Aperient, adj. (Med.) rechak; raulaiyan; munzij. 
Aperient, n. (MecL) halkS. julab; rechak aukhad; 

mulaiyan-dava. [rauzan. 

Aperture, n. mokhn ; jhiii ; chhed ; sOrakh ; 
Apery, n. bandar-kh&na. 
Apet^lons, adj. (Bot.) ni-patya. 
Apex, n. nok; ani; sin ; bhal ; sikhar ; choti. 
Apheresis, n. 1. (Gram.) lafz ke shura ke harf 

y& tukre men se gii& dena ; hazaf-i-BhoriL 
2. (Surg.) qata-i-azv ; jor kktna. 
Aphelion, n. (Ast.) stlraj-dQr. 
Aphidian, n. (EtU.) nab&tati kira ; telL 
Aphidiyorons, adj. (Ent,) teli-khor. 
Aphlogifltie, adj. nir-jot ; be-lau. 
Aphonons, adj. be-av&z ; nir-lriuiL 
Aphony, n. (Med,) galE baithn& ; ay&z na bona. 
AphoriBm, n. kaban; kabayat; bacban; maqQ- 

la; masaL 
Aphrodisiac, n. day& ya gi^ jo ebabyat ko 

barhaye; ebahyat-angez daya ya giz&; pusbt 

kame-yali aukhad ; mubahl. 
Aphrodite, n. rati, [ga ; land mund ; barabna. 
Aphyllons, adj. (Bot.) be-i»t; pat-jbaril; nan- 
Apiary, n. [Lat. apis, a bee.] mub&l; kukri. 
Apiece, ady. ek ek; har-ek; fi (A, 4). 
They received two rapees apiece. 
Unko do do rupai mile. 
Apish, adj. 1. like an ape, bandar-sa; machb- 

andar ; maimtin-khaslat. 

2.fooUsh, ullQ; abniaq; boli ka bbarvlHsa. 
Apishness, n. ris; hirs ; ri^b. 
Apocalypse, n. asmaui kitab. 
Apocopate, y. a. (Gram.) lafz ka akbri barf y& 

juzy gira dena; tarkhim. 
Apocope, n. (Grgim.) tarkhim. 
Apocmstic, adj. (Med.) qabiz ; qabz karne-yali. 
Apocryphal, adj. be-sanad; na-qabil-i-etib&r ; 

Apodal, adj. be-par; be-gal-pbaye. 
Apogee, n. See Apbelion. 
Apologetic, adj. uzr-khuab. [uzr-khuah. 

Apologist, n. cbbima ya muafi cbahne-y&la ; 
Apologize, y. n. uzr mizrat k.; uzr khu&bi k.; 

afa cb&bna; muafi ya cbbima miingni. 
To apologize for not answering one's letter. 
Khat kejavdb na dene kd uzr k. 
Apologue, n. qissa ; kab&nl ; hikayat. 
Apology, n. 1. excuse, muafi ; uzr ; maazarat ; 

uzr-khuabL 2, e^«nce, jay ib-daya ; jayib. 

Aponeurosis, n. (Anat) ragjil pattben k& 

Apophthegm, n. maqQla ; kab&yat ; bit ; masla. 
Apoplectic, Apoplecticid, adj. adbra^i; sak- 
tab-zadah. [adhrangl 

Apoplectic, n. laqya-zadab ; laqye ka m&:& ; 
Apoplexy, n. mirg! ; sara ; sakta. 
Apostasy, n. dbaram-naabt ; apna dbaram tya- 
gan; inbiraf; ilbid. [dbaram-nasbtl. 

Apostate, n. dharm-acbut ; munnarif; adharmf ; 
Apostatize, y. n. dbarm tyagni j% cbboiuJl ; 

apn& mazbab tark k. ya chborna. 
A posteriori, n. (Logic) natija mabni bar amsa- 

la y& tajraba. 
Apostle, n. bavari. 
Apostrophe, n. 1. (Rhet.) ^yab kl taraf mu- 

kbatib b. 2. (Grark.) alamat-i-bazaf. 
Apostnme, Aposteme, n. pakk^l phor&. 
Apothecary, n. attUr ; daya-farosb ; day&-tilz. 
apothecary* s shop, attlLr kl duliiui ; daya-kb&na. 
Apothegm, Apophthegm, n. maqQla ; masla ; 
kab&yat [n&n&. 

Apotheosis, n. deokar ; pirtishthE ; deot& ba- 
Appall, Appal, y. a. daran& ; bbae dikb&n& ; 

baibat dikb&nii ; khauf d. 
Appanage, Appenage, Apanage, n. (Law) , 
masbabra y& j&gir jo badsbUb apne n&-b&lig 
bachcbon ke yaste muqarrar kar dete bain. 
Apparatus, n. &lat ; auz&r ; saz o saman ; sar- 
anjam; s&magri. 

Surgical apparatus. Jarrdhl auzdr. 

2. (Phys.) system of organs ; tart!b-i4l^e 

jismani. [bastar; paushUk. 

Apparel, n. kapre ; pabanne ke kapre ; libas ; 

Apparent, a^j. 1. visible, jo dekbne men &e; 

zabir; pargbat; asbkara; raushan. 

2. plain, indubitaJble, sarih ; ayan ; rau- 
sban ; badih ; bavaida. 3. seeming, ^bir ; 
zabir! ; dekbat men ; numayan. 
apparent altitude, (Ast.) sadi unobiuL 
apparent horizon, (Phys.) dikbao nazar-gbera. 
apparent motion, zahiri harakat 
heir apparent, yali-abd ; tika ji ; raj-kuMr; ma- 

lik-i-takht o iaj. 
Apparently, ady. seemingly, zahiill; zabiran; 

zikbir men ; dekhne men ; ba-z&hir. 
Apparition, n. 1. ^ thing appearing, rfip ; su- 
rat; sbakl. 2. spectre, paret; bh&t; say a; 
&8eb. 3. (Ast.) udae; sitaron y& saiy&ron k! 
namddari; tulQ. 
Appeal, y. n. [Lat. appellare to call, H. pukdr], 
1. munsif, salis, ya panch banan& ya k. 
I appeal to you ! Ap merd insdf kareh / 
2. (Law) murafa k. ; apil k. 3. appeal to 
one as a witness, gayab banana y& k. 
Appeal, n. (Law) mui^fa ; apiL 
admitted appeal^ ap!l-i manzur. 
appeal fivm a decision, apil ba-narazi-i-faisla. 
an appeal to aims, batbijar se faial&. 
court of appeal, ad&lat-i-murafa. 
cross appeal, murafa-i-mutakb&lif. 

^roMndi of appeal, mujib&t, YujOh&t, y& subflt- 

m appeal, tnur&fe ke Bige mei^. 
place of appeal^ {Law) niarj^. 
regular appeal, apil-lambari ; apll-i-am. 
T^etUd appeal^ murilfa-i-kh&rij yft moBtarad. 
•pedal appeal, apTl khas. 
nmmmary appeal, apil-i-sarsari. 
AppealaUe, adj. q&bil-i-mura& ya apil. 
an appealed eaee, muraf&-8hud& muqaddima. 
Appear, v. n. 1. he vieibU, 8ujhn&; dikh&I d. ; 
Ukhon ke s&rone &u& ; nazar &d& ; nig&h 
men &n& ; dikhni. 

And God said, Let the dry land appeco'/ 
Kkmdd nefarm9yd, hhu$li zamln niklef 
2. stand or come in the presence of a 
superior, bazir b. ; kbar& b. ; s&mne ya Slge 
ioi ; pesb bon&. 

To appear in Court. Ka^aihH men hSMir hona. 
8. be manifeit, ugba^&; parghat b. ; 
kbnl j&n& ; zibir b. ; ayan b. ; isbkara b. ; 
numiy&n b. ; bayed& b. ; vazeb b. 

It doth not yet appeaw what we shall be. 
Nak%k mOlUm ham hy& hohge, 
4. seem, dikb&I d. ; m&lQai b. 
He appean to be a good man. 
Wok bkala ddml mdlam hotA hat, 

Appeerance, n. I. ad of appearing, dikb&vft; 
fubiir; rflyat 2. that uhieh is seen, rQp; 
Borat; bbes; sbakl. 

l^ui regardeth the outward appearoMe. 

Duni^d zdhir-parad hai. FroT. 

Judge not according to appearances. 

JKfip pe mat bkiUo, 

Z. personal presence, baziri; maujudgL 

4. eniTjf into a place or company, &ii&; 
imad ; dakbl ; ras&i ; paitb ; bar-y&bi. 

5. sesManoe, z&biri sural ; dikbal; namiid. 

6. sign, nisban ; cbinb ; Ssar ; al&mat. 
Appeaie, ▼. a. tbainda k. ; dhima k.; manda 

k. ; kam k. ; mama ; dabana ; manana ; 

faro k. ; sbant k. 

To appeaae wrath. Ouu& ham Jt. yd mifdnd, 
to appease the soul of the dead, piraui ko sukb 

deoa ; pitr ko pan! dena. [apilaDt. 

AppeUanti n. (Law) mvunJk karne-vala ; (Gor.) 
Appellate, adj. murafa. 

AppdUtU court. Addlat'i-murdfa, 
AppdUsU judges. Bukkdn-i-apU. 

AppelUitloiL, n. nam. [nakarab. 

AppellatlTe, adj. (Gram,) jati nam-baobak ; 
Append, ▼. a. [P. paivand] 1. attach to, la^^na ; 

milana ; mulbaq k. ; mutaalliq k. ; vasl k. ; 
2. annex, satb lagana; jorna; tankna; 

chipkana ; nattbi k. ; dakbil k. ; sbamil k. ; 

mnnsalik k« [ma ; ilbaq. 

Appendage, n. pancbbala ; zamlma ; titam- 
Appertain, ▼. n. taalluq, ilaqa, sambandb, lagao, 

janisbatrakbna; mutaalliq b. 
Appetite, Appetence, Appetency, n. 

1 . natural desire, cbab ; kbuibisb ; ragbatj 

mail; rajban ; isbtiyaq. 2. desire of food, bbQk; 

kboddiyft; rucbi; isbtiba; gursaoagf. 

Applaud, y. a. 1. dap hands, tali baj&na; vab 
vab k. ; sbabbasbl dena. 

2. praise, sanLbna ; gun gaua ; taiif k. ; 
afrin k. ; tabslu k. 

I would applaud thee to the very echo, that 
should applaud again. Shakes, 

KarUh teri tdrif is sar se, 
Ki gUnje jahdh uske phir shor se. 
Applause, n. taiif; astut!; vab vab; afrin; 
marbaba; sitayasb. 

The applause of the people is a blast of air. Prov. 
Duniyd kd sardhnd bdo kd hahnd, [Dry den. 
The brave man seeks not popular applause. 
Bahddur ko parvd nahih ndm H. 

Apple, n. 1. seb ; seo ; sev. 

AppleSf pears, and nuts spoil the voice. Prov. 
Seb, bihi, aur ckh&liyd kareh avdz khardb. 
He that would an old wife wed mnst take an 
apple before he goes to bed. Prov. 

Jo burhiyd se hare hiydh pushil rakh le pahle pd. 
apple of discord, \BJfil ka gbar ; jbagre yft fasad 

k! jar ; bis kl g^ntb. 
apple of the eye, putli ; mardumak-i-cbasbm ; 

ankbon ka tara ; kaleje ki kor. [tamatar. 
hve apple, apple of love, valayati baingan ; {Cor,) 
Applelight, n. (Em.) titli ; titri. 
Applebrandy, Applejack, n. seb ki bar&Adi. 
Appledmnpling, seb ki pakaupyan. 
Apple-green, n. seb sa bara. 
Apple-pie, n. seb \A sambosa. 
Apple-paring, n. seb la cbbilan. [tartib. 

Apple-pie order, n. durusti ; aobcbba intizam ; 
in apple-pie order, saja sajaya ; tbik tbak« 
Apple-sauce, n. seb ki cbaUii. 
Apple-stall, n. seb k! duk&n. 
Apple-woman, n. seb becbne-vali; seb-yali; 

ber-yall (plum- woman). 
Appliances, n. auzar ; saman ; cbizen ; asbab. 
Applicable, adj. lagne-jog ; jo lag sake ; tbik ; 

durust; munasib; mutabiq ; sazavar; mau- 

ziin; cbaspaii. 
applieahle to tJu ease, munasib bal muqadme ke. 
he applicable, lag sakna ; tbik baitbna. 
precisely applicable, tbik tbik milH ; kbab mil- 

ti; kursi-nashin. 
Applicability, Applicableness, n. lagao ; mu- 

tabaqat; munasibat; durusti 
Applicant, n. darkbuast-kunindab ; sail ; and 

kame-yala; ummed-var. [person. 

The court require the applicant to appear in 
Sdyal ko asdlatan adAlat mA hdxir hond chdhiye. 

Application, n. 1, the act, lagao; bartao; 
istemal, jaise dava, marbam, lap, vagaira. 
The pain wss removed by this application. 
Is davS ke lagdne se dardjdtd roMU 

2. what is applied, lep ; inzimad. 
Outward application. Lep, td, vagami, 

3. petition, darkbuast ; savil ; arz ; arzi ; 
pi^tbna; ardas; arzdasbt; guzarisb; ilti- 
mas ; nivedan. 4. close study, lagan ; taa- 
debi; tavajjob; lag; masbgiUiyat. 

AppUeation makes the ass. Prov. 

Jtdt dinkdpUnd Uli kd baU band detd hau . 
(Working night and day turns a man into an 
oil-man's ox). 

5. sense^ bartao ; istem&l ; mauqa-i-istemftL 

application/or aid, ifltida ; istimcUUl ; isteinat. 

^VP^Ji ^« A* !• lajforplaee, dharna; rakhni; 

lagana; bandhna. [Ihyden, 

He said, and to the sword hiB throat applied, 

Teh kak khanjar U9ne gale par nikKS. 

2. i^se or employ ^ kam men l&n& ; baratnE ; 
kharch k. ; iste^i&l k.; la^ua; sarf k.; nimit k. 

How is this word applied ? 
Teh lafz kit mauqe par dt& hai t 

3. give ihe mind to, dil, chit, dhiyaiii ya 
Burat lag&na ya d. 

Apply thy heart unto infttraction ! 
SVeh men chit do I 
ixpply one's self in earnest, man jk dil lag&n& ; 
dil o jan se tau-dihi k.; kamar b&ndbn&; 
garm-josbi se kim k. ; sar-garmi se kam L ; 
garq h. ; lagnsl ; lagft rahDiL 
Apply, y. n. 1. suit, lagn&; milni; taalluq 
rakboa ; tluk an& ; durust ana ; layaq b. ; 
jog b. ; munasib yH sbfty^ b. 2. make re- 
quest, mangn& ; cb&bna ; darkbuast k. 
He applied to his father for assUtaQce. 
Us ne apne h&p $e maAad mdngi. 
Appoint, V. a. 1; establish, tbai]iai&; kbaf&k. 
muqarrar k. ; nasab k. 

2. {to an office) muqarrar k.; taqarrurk. 
taaijun k. ; muaiyan k. 

3. equipf 8aj&n& ; arastah k. ; taijir k. 
musallab k. ; s&z o sam&u se durust k. 

Appoiatment, n. \. act of appointing, taqar 
run ; taiyun ; tain&ti. 2. stipidation, vftda 
bacban ; iqrar ; abd ; qaul ; qarir ; sbart 
3. office, asami; il&qa; obda; mansab 
kbidmat ; jagali. 4. eq^vipment, asbib ; b&- 
m&n ; saz o saman ; yardK 

Apportion, v. a. bantnai (Allot). 

Apportionment, n. bat&I (Allotment). 

apportionment in kind, bat&I ; batauti. 

Apposite, adj. milta; muafiq; maiizu^; thik; 
durust ; jog ; bar-mabal ; mauqe-ka. 

Appositeness, n. miit&baqat; miiv&faqat; 
munasibat ; durusti. 

Apposition, n 1. jurti&; barbautrl; izafieu 
2. (Gram.) do isroon k& ek b&lat me& 
ijtima; zul-b&l. 

Appraise, v. a. mol laganft; qlmat j&ncbn&; 
dar thairana; jauchni; tasbkbis k. ; &nkn&; 
kutn& ; andaza k. 

Appraisement, n. ank; j&ncb; taabkbis; 

appraisement of crops, kan-kut. 
appraisement of land, lagan ; tasbkbis-i-jami ; 

jamS-bandL [kan-kut. 

Appraiser, n. jaAcbvaiyi ; ankvaiya ; kany& ; 
Appreciable, adj. pasandidab; qabil-i-qadr ; 

qadar ke layaq ; umda. 
Appreciate, y. a. qadr-dani k. ; qadr k. ; 

gun paiobbanna ; d&d dena. [dibl. 

Appreciation, n. qadar-dinl ; gun-giySn ; dad- 
Appreciative, Appreciatory, adj. 
gun-gyani; qadr-dan. 

Apprehend, v. a. [A. S; geheniam, ^Vv.grak, P. 
giriftan, to seize.] 1. seize, pakarnft ; pakar 
leua ; gabnS ;age dbar lenft ; giriftar k. 

2. understand, samajb lena ; bujbna ; b&t 
pana; t&^ai; matlab ko pahuiicbna. 

^.fear, bbae kbanSL ya manna; dam&; 
darapna; kbaufk. ; andesba k. 

Apprehensible, adj. jo kbay&l, ya samajb men 
& sake; qabil-i-fabm ; bicbar kame-jog; 

Apprehension, n. [Lat pree, Skr. pra before, 
Lat. hend, A. S. gehentan, H. gah, Skr, 
^oA lay bold of] 1. s^zure, pakar; girif- 
tan. 2. perception, btijh ; samajb; fabm. 
A man of dull apprehension, 

1. fhos dimdg k& ddmi. 2. OaH. 

2. distrust, fear, sandeb ; dabk& ; ande- 
sba; dagdaga; sbanka; dar; bbag. 

pulgar apprehension, &m-&bm. [n&k. 

Apprehensive, adj. fearful, sandebi ; andesl^- 
Apprentice, n. 1 . sikhtar ; sbagird ; nan-a- 

moz. 2. (Law) taidi. 
hind apprentice, sbSgirdl meh den&. 
Apprentice, v. a. kar-kbane men bitb&na; 

sb&gird bauana, ya kar&na. 
Appr^tice-fee, n. dakbila ; nazr&n& ; haqq-i- 

shlLgirdi; ustadk&baq. 
ApprentioeHdiip, n. sbagird! ; miyiUl-i-sbagirdL 
Apprise, v. a. kbabar d.; agah k.; yaqif k.; 

ittila den& ; muttila k. ; bat&na ; jatan&. 
Approach, y. n. [Lat prope, Fr. procke near, H. 

pahunch] 1. draw near, nazdik ana; pas 

ana ; qarib iiu& ; pahunchua; pas pabuncbna ; 

a lagna ; anqarib ana ya h. 2. (Fig,) come 

near or resemble, milta jhultH ya larta b. 
Approach, n. I, act of drawing near, nazdiki; 

qurb ; arnad ; amad amad. 2. See Access. 
8. passage, lilstab ; nib. 4. (Fort,) morcba. 
Approachable, adj. jane-jog; pabuncbanb&r ; 

pabunchne ke qabil. 
Approbation, u. approval, qubdliyat ; pasan- 

didgi; mauzurl; taslim; marzL 
Appropriate, y. a. 1 . make one's own, apnana ; 

apua k. ya banana; apne vaste rakbua; 

leua ; le lena ; le rakbua ; akbz k. ; qabza 

k.; ikbtiyar kar lena; apne qabze men 

l&na. 2. set apart for or assign to, alaibda 

rakbn& ya nikalna ; uik&l rakbni ; makb- 

sus k.; kbas k.; utba rakbna. 

3. (Law) alienate a benefice, dbarmSlrth k. ; 
sankalp k. ; dbaram men lagana; krisbn- 
arpan k.; dharam nimitt k. ; vaqf k.; Khuda 
ke nam ya Allab kl rah deua. 

appropriate in account, hisab men lagana; 
mabsub k. 

appropriate wrongly ^ battya lena ; daba lena ; 
dab rakbna ; akhz beja k. ; na-jayaz taur 
par qabza k. ; gasab k. ; gaban k. ; tagallub 
k. ; khurd-burd k. ; ghao-gbap k. 

Appropriate, adj. uebit; vajib; liyaq; yog; 
sablb (Applicable). 


ApfMpxiAtsIy, adr. T&jbi ; thik ; mun&nfo taur 

ae ; khiUu se ; thik dhang se. 
Appropriation, n. 1. application to a parti- 

emiar use, takhsis ; taqarrur. 

2. the thing 9et apart, mad ; raqam ; nimat. 

3. (Lau) dharam-het ; Krishn-arpan ; vaqf. 
Approval, n. pasand ; pasandidagi ; manzQrL 
Approye, Approve of, v. a. 1. think yodl off, 

paaand k. ; maozor k. 2. to commend, pa- 
sand, j& manzflri ke l&yaq k. 

3. 9anction offUiaUy, mauzur k. ; paaand 
k.; manni; augik&r k. 

To approve the deoiaion of a oouri martial. 

Jtutgl addkU kefaitU ko manzHr k. 

AppCdved, adj. pasand kl hui ; pasandldah ; 

mini hoi ; maqbul ; manzQr-shuda. 
Approvor, n. (Law) mujrim-i-iqrari. 
Approvingly, adv. manzfbr kar-ke; pasand 

kar-ke. [ne^; qarib; anqarib. 

IppBOziniate, adj. near to, pas-ka; dhore; 
ipproziBUite, V. a, nazdik k. ; qarib ]kn&. 
Appiozisiate, v. n. p&s {^ b. ; lag bbag h.; 

qarib 1l 
AfpnudiBately, adv. pas pis ; lag bhag ; qarib 

qarib; takbmlnan; qarib kar-ke; taqriban. 
Approzimation, n. nazdiki; nagch&i; qurbat; 

Approzimative, adj. nazdik ; nagich ; qarib. 
AppaUey n. 1. takkar; thokar; sadma. 

2. (Aet.) jog; lagan; qiriln. 
Appurtenance, n. sambandh; taalluq; mn- 

taalliqat; miiz&£ [b&nL 

n. cbilQ; sard-SlQ; shib-ilQ; khii- 
n. aprail; angrezi chauibft D)ahin&; 
ehait aur baisakb. 

JbrU showers bring forth May flowers. Prov. 
Jowukk bane bauSkkphSl khiU jeih he mdt. 
J^prU and May are the keys of the year. ProT. 
SikkHkunii CkmU, Baiidkk, 

Afrfl46ol, n. holi k& bha|vi. [fooFs daj.) 

April-CMilhi day, n. yakum aprail. (See All- 
Apciori, adv. &p hi &p; az khud; ba-na&ahi; 

ba-aEftiihl; ba-s&t-i-khud. 
Apnm, n. 1. ka{»& yft chamrft jo kapron ke 

bach&o ke liye pet par baAdh lete hai& ; 

pitv& ; gnla-band. 2. {of a gig) banAtl. 

3. dtin covering the belly of a goose, haos ya 
battakh ke pet ki kb&l 

dit^ to one^i apron, lipatni; chimatQ&; gbut- 

DOy ya dbonge se lag& rahna. 
Apooi^tring, n. pit^-band. 

At his mother's apron ghings. 
JpM^ stcl he dkokge m lagd rahnd. 

A ' |Pt|H T i t adv. bar-vaqt; bar-mahal; manqe 

par; nme ndiit; same anus&r. 
Ipii^fti n. pL (Ah.) markaz se madar Id sab 

ae nyida dUri anr nasdiki. 
Aft, adj. 1. M ^^; durust (Applicable). 
% UabU, liyaq;jog. 3. indined, t^L^h \ 
mijaL 4. proNipf, mastaid, obatur; q&bil. 
A pupa mjp€ to learn. CkcUiwr HddiydrtkL 
ApCora, n. {£nlom.) be-par kqre. 

Apteryx, n. be-b&za k& parand. [rujl&n. 

Aptitude, 1. disposUion, mailan; ragbat; 

2. ability, liy&qat; istedad; qabliyat 
Aptly, adv. maqCQ, y& achcbbi taiuh se ; thik; 

Aptness, u. I. fitness, mutabaqat; muvafistqat; 
sazavari. 2. tendency, ragbat (Aptitude,!.) 
Iron is apt to rust. Lohe ko zang lagtA KaL 

3, quickness of apprehefision, tez-fahmi; 
zud-rasi; chaturai. 

Aqnafortis, n. shore ka tezab. [bauz. 

Aqnarinm, n. abl paude y& janvar j^lne ka 
Aquarius, n. (Ast,) kumbh; dalv; dot; gha^ra. 
Aquatic, acy. [A. S. ea, Ger. ahe, Skr. ap, Per. 

db water] jal-cbar; abi; daryai; mai. 
Aquatic, n. (Bot.) abi pauda ; jal-bin^. [var. 
aqiuUic animals, jal-char ; abi parinde ya j&n- 
Aqua-vit8B, n. (Cor.) barilndl [tab ; bamba. 
Aqueduct, n. n&li ; raj-baha ; p&ni jane ka r&s- 
Aqueous, adj. pani-B&; &bi; martub. 
aqueous hwnor, (Anat.) &ukb ki rutUbat. 
aqueous rocks, pan-patthar. 
Aquiline, adj. uq&b ki choAcb 8& ; stLe ki se n&k. 
Aquilon, n. ahimal! hava ; uttriL 
Aquosity, n. nami; tan; g^I; sll; &1. 
Arab, Arabian, n. 1. arab k& bashinda; arab. 

2. arab ka ghora ; arabi ; tari. 
Arabesque, adj. chitan-kari kiy& hu&; bel bute- 

dar; naqshin; munaqqasb; cbit&-hu&. 
Arabic, adj. arabi ; arab-ka. 
Arabic, n. arabi zabau ; arabi ; tazL 
gum arabic, samag-i-arabi. 
Arable, adj. [LaU aro, A. S. erian to plough] 

jutaQ; bone-jog; kheti-jog; q&bii-i-zaiaat; 


arable land, kheti-jog, yft bone-jog dharti; 

chalti dharti ; zaraati ; mazrUa zamin. 
Arbiter, n. (Lau) panch; salis; mansif. 
Arbitrable, adj. q&bil-i-ti^riz y& tashkbis; q^ 

bil-i-infisal. [salis. 

Arbitrament, D. faisla ; pauch-fiaisla; faisla-i- 
Arbitrarily, adv. zabardasti se; apni marzi 

se; jabran. 
Arbitrariness, n. khudsari; sarzori; mhea- 
. dasli; haDia-hanil; zoravuri. 
Arbitrary, adj. 1. despotic, aunij^; s&lim. 
2. capricious, be-qa6dah ; be-taur ; be- 

dbaog; bevajah. 
arbitrary government, khud-mukht&r saltanat ; 

hukatnat-i-shakbsi; saltaQat-imutlaqiil-inan. 
Arbitrate, v. a. panchayat k.; faisla k.; s&lisi 

k. ; niyao k. ya ohukaoa ; iosaf k. 
agreed to arbitrate, panch badne par ram hua 

taqamir-i-salisi par razi hua. [salisi 

Arbitration, n. nibtera ; £aisla ; paucnayat 
deed of assent to arbitration, pancliaSt! iqrar 

nama; iqrar-nama-i-panchayat ; iqrar- uama 

i-salisl; hasr-uamab. 
privcUe arbitration, khangi panchayat ; &pas ki 

panchayat ; panch&yat bi-khudh&. 

Arbitrator, n. l.judge^ monsif; hakim; (Eng,) 

jaj ; faislah-kunindah. 2. umpire^ sar panch ; 

panch; ^lis; bichauliya. 
Arbor, n. 1. hower^ mandba; man^ap. 

2. [Mech.) axU^ dhura; dhuri. [biddj&. 
Arboriciiltare, n. ilm-i-sardarakhti ; per-lag^ 
Arc, Q. (Geom.) segment of a circle, Ghakr-(uk- 

1%; qata-i-fda^ra ; qaus; dhanuk; kaman. 
Arcade, n. chhatt& ; kam&nchah. 
Arcana, n. bbed ; r&z ; poshidab bat. 
Arch, n. 1. mehrab; kam&ncha. 2. ''t^atiZt, 

math ; gummat ; mandh ; giimbaz (sky). 
Arch, ▼. a. mebrab ya kanmnchah bauina. 
Arch, adj. I. ckief, baril; mukbja; mukh; 

mudh; afsar; sardar. 

2. waggish, ai.var ; khilari [cbizon kH ilm. 
Archsology, o. pi^hln ba8ttl-biddy& ; qadfm 
Archaic, Archaical, adj. pur&n&; priUshin; 

qadim; matrHk. 
Archaism, n. pur&Dayamatrtlklafzy& mnh&vara. 
Archangel, d. malik-ul-malakat. [ka sarcULr. 
Archbishop, d, bar& latb-p&dri; mujtahidon 
Archbishopric, n. bai'e l&th padii kl hukQmat. 
Archdeacon, n. bare liith-padri k& nayab ; muj- 

tabid \^ n&yab.' [gumbaz-d5r. 

Arched, part. adj. mehr&bi; mehr&b-d&r; 
arched brows, kamafi-abiQ. 
arched roof, ladSo ki cbhat. [shaitiin. 

Arch-enemy, n. jani dasbroan; shait&n ka 
Archer, n. dbanush-db&ri ; tir-aiid&z. 
Archery, n. tir-aodHzi. 
Archesconrt, n. mazbabi baton kl ala adalat. 
Archetype, d. the original, asl ; mal. [jazayar. 
Archipelago, n. tapuon ka jbund ; niajma-ul- 
Architect, n. 1. {of a building) mir-imarat; 

luabir fan-i-mem&ri. 

2. a contriver, bani ; mf^jid ; karta. 
Architectural, adj. imaratl ; tamlr-ka. 
Architecture, n. memaii ; fan-i-imarat. 
Architrave, n. (Arch,) margol. 
Archives, n. purane kagzat 
Archly, adv. aiyari se. 

Archness, n. aiyarL [g^rQ gbantarl. 

Arch-viUain, n. pakki ya gbuU-biuL badma&sh ; 
Archway, n. cbhatta. 

Arctic, adj. shim&li; uttar ki taraf; qutab-ka. 
arctic circle, dSfira-i-qutab-i-shimalL 
arctic ocean, babr-i-sbimali. 
Ard, {in camp. )-val& ; -i, a« a drunkard, sharab-i. 
Ardent, adj. 1. hot, garm; tattft; bar. 

2.Jierce, tund; tez; atisb-miMJ ; khun- 

khiiar ; phar-kbaQ ; jallad. 
3./6rwtf/i/,8ar-garm; dilaoz. 
Ardent desire. Kamdl thauq. Barl ehSh yd lagan. 
Ardently, adv. nih&yat shauq se; sargarmi 

se ; josh se ; garm-josbi ke satb. 
Ardor, n. lalak ; garm-joshi ; lagan ; ishtySq. 
He pursues his studies with ardour. 
Woh kUak %e parktd hai. 

Ardnons, adj. katban; kasbt; sakht; dusb- 
var; bikat; mehnat-ka; dubhar. 

arduoHs task, kathin kam ; k&r-i-dushv&r. 
Ardnonsness, n. eakhtf; katbintai; mehnat; 

parisharam; dusbvarl. 
Ax^ n. 1. definite space, maid&n ; arsa^ satah. 

2. cowl, cbauk ; angan ; saban ; h&ta. 

3. (Geom.) lamb&n chaufan ; bist&r ; raqba ; 
arz o tnl ; masabat. 

4. (Med.) iMllkhora. [phaL 
Areca nnt, n. sup&ri; pbal; chbdliyi; pflngi- 
Arena, d. pi. akh&i^; maidan; kbet; la^ k& 

maidan ; muqable ki jagah ; daxtgai^ [na. 
appear in the arena, akhare y& dangal men utar- 
Arenation, n. bala-asnan ; ret-nab&n ; bim&r 

admi ko garm ret se uahlftua. 
Areometer, n. arq-n&p ; ek auz&r jis se shartb 

ka vazan aur girh&-pan dary&ft ky& j&tS hai; 

miqy&s-ul-m& ; paimiiua-i-sbaiilb. 
Argent, adj. rupahrf; cb&ndi-ka. 
Argil, n. {Min.) chikni mitti; kumhlr ki 

mitti. ' ' 1^1^ 

ArgiUaeeons, adj. (Min.) chikili mitti k& y& 
Argne, v. n. bad k. ; badnl ; bibad k. ; bahs- 

X1&; babask.; mubabisak.; mun&zara k.; 

sav%l jav&b ya radd o badal k. ; hujjat k. ; 

taqrir k. [deni ; zShir k. ; thairiin&. 

Argne, v. a. prove, dalalat k. ; S&bit k. ; subUt 
Argument, n. 1. reason, dalil ; vajah. 

2. sufyectrfnaUery mazmQn ; lAt. 
argument agai)ist a decision, dalil nSrjavasu-i- 

feisla ; dalil kbilaf-i-faisla. [bahs. 

room for argument, bahs ki gnnj&isb; jiS 
Arc^unentation, n. bahs; mukalama; mub&- 

hisa; munazara. 
Argumentative, adj. b&-dalll ; mudallal. 
Argnmentam ad hominem, n. (Logic) 

dalil-i-la-tayal ya li-hasil, as turn bhi to karte 

ho, tumhe& kaisa lagta hai. [galta ; bhul&va. 
Arg^nmentum ad ignorantiam, n. (Logic) mu- 
Arcnunentnm bacnlinnm, sou^ ki dalil. [SdmL 
Argns, n. 1. sahausr-akshl. 2. chaukaima 

Ar^us at home, but a mole abroad. ProT. 

Ohar men siydnd, bdhar andhd. 

3. a pheasant, ek qism ka titar. 

Arian, n. (Fhil.) Aria. 

Arian laoguages. YUndni, Ldtlni, Angrez^ 
SanikrU, FdrH, vagaira ; dryd zabdneh. 

Arid, adj. stikha ; khushk ; be-rutfibat ; yabis. 
The arid deserts of Airica. 
4friqa ke khuakk registdn. 

Aridity, n. sQkha-pan ; khusbkl. 
Aries, n. (Ast) mendha; mekh; hamal. 
Aright, adv< thik; thik sir; durust; sehatse; 

rasti se; kama-haqqaha ; ba-kbabi; mSqfU. 
Aril, Arillas, n. (Bot.) post ; doda ; chhilka. 
Arillate, Arillated, adj. (Bot.) chhilke-dar. 
Arise, v. n. 1. mount upward, GbarhD&;(incha 

h. ; uthna ; baland b. 2. rise, nikaln^ ; 

udai h. ; ugna ; tulu h. 3. get up from sleep, 

uthDa ; jagna ; bedar h. ; khara hona. 
He arote early in the morning. 
Woh bahut savcre utlhd. 



4» appetar^ z&hir h.; zuhOr men IsA; park&sh h. 
There arou a new king. Nayd Ud$hd huA, 

5. he^n to be, shuru h. ; &rambh h. ; paid& 

b. ; Tuqtl men &d& ; bar-p& h. 
AxiitAte, adj. (Bot) b&l-d&r. 
Axiftoeraej, n. I. /arm of government^ huka- 

mat-i-nmariL 3. the nohUUyy umar&. 
Axiftoerat, n. mudammig; magrQr &dml; 

abbim^I; navaib. 
Aristocratic, Aristocratical, a^j. amirilna. 
Axtthmetic, n. ilm-i-his&b ; ganit; ilm-i-Bijrftq ; 

ganit-bicb&r ; ganit-prak&sb. 
hook of arithmetic, fais&b ki kit&b ; phail&vat. 
Arithmrtical, adj. hisabL 
antkmetiad mean, ausat ; bich*k&. 
arithmetical progression, (Math,) jof gbatSo l&g ; 

tUaila jam& o tafiiq. [si j&q-d&n. 

Azithmetician) n. his&b-d&n ; mub&sib ; ganik ; 
ktk, n. (lloah'sark) NOh ki kUbtl. 
Ann, n. 1. limb, b&nb; bbuj ; b&zQ; biith. 

Stretch your arm no further th&n your sleeve 

will rewjh. Prov. 

^Sn i eMidar dekho utne pair pat&ro, ProT. 

S. hough, dil; sbakh; tabni. 3. inlet of 
water, kballj; kb&rl. 4. might, bal; shaktl; 
lor ; quTvat ; t&qat 5. (Mil.) fauj k& bissa. 
arm chair, lAzQ-d&r kura! ; ar&m-kurel. 

from the elbow to the wrist, fore arm, b&Mi 
koni ae pannfacbe tak ; Mtb. 
full, kaulibbar. 
at arm*s length, ch&r qadam par. 
to hold at arm's Imgt^t, dOr kl s&bab sal&mat 

rakbni ; ftge qadam na barbne den&. 
Ann, ▼. a. 1. furnish with arms, batbiy&r ya 
•hastar den&. 2. provide against, tadbir k. ; 
npie k. ; bacb&o L 
Amiy y. n. batbij&r Hndbn& ; musallab-jang b. 

Tia time to arm, 

TalvOr par kdtk dkaro, y6 talvOr thdmo / 

Armada, n. jangi jab&zon k& beffl. 
AmiaiiMnt, n. bahrl y& barri fauj. 
Azmatiire, n. 1. armour, zirah ; zirah baktar. 
2. (Arch.) lobe kl salakb. 3. (of a magnet), 
maqn&tb k& zor bacb&ne k& lob&. 
AxmaOfp. a^j. muaallab; batbiy&r-band ; ha- 
tbiyir-bUdfae; sbastar-db&ri ; kamar-band. 
armed to the tedh, p&ficbon batbiy&r b&ndbe- 
buc. [mobri. 

Axmkole, n. 1. kiAkb ; bagal {of a garment) 
Asidllarj spJiere, Skfts-gola ; karrab-i-falakL 
Amiitice, n. moblat-i-jang; sulab-i-cband- 
rosah ; iltaTi<$ jang ; la^I k& cband roz raau- 
qftf rabni. [pacbheli. 

Aniet, n. b&za-band; b&zQ; jausban; 
; D. sdrab-baktar. 

; n. zirab-bardftr. [ne-vil&. 

\ n. zirilb-eaz ; zirab becbnc \a ban&- 
bearingiy n. kbftndani nish&n. 
, n. Bilah-kbftna; batbiy&r-gbar ; 

AxBpit, XL kaftkb ; bagal ; kinar. 


Arms, n. (pi), bathiy&r; sbastar; ftlit-i-jang; 

aslib; 8&m&n-i-jang. 
ai arms, batbiy&r-band. 
he under arms, batbiy&r-band b. 
elaUer of arms, batbiyf ron kl kbar kba^. 
coat of arms, nisb&n-i-mansabi. 
pUe arms, bathiyar rakb dena, y& kotal k. 
present arms, salami ut&rn&. 
Mulder arms 1 kandbe par bandf&q rakkbo ! 
stand of arms, batbiyiirou ka dber. [jang b. 
take up arms, larne ko mnstaid b. ; musallab- 
to arms I musallab bo 1 batbijar bindb lo i 
to ground arms, banduq tekna.. 
Annsreach, n. bath ki pabuncb ; ras&i. 
Army, n. 1. body of troops, fauj; lasbkar; 

sip&b; sanniya; katak; katakdal; askar. 
2. a mtdiitude, ek y& ba^ kbalqat; bblf ; 

bbif bh&f ; dal; tiddi dal; bujUm; izdib&m; 

mor malakb. 
collecting or levying an army, fauj-kasbi ; fauj 

k& ikhatt& k. ; l&m biLndbni. [bicb. 

the centre of an army, qalb-i-lasbkar ; fauj ka 
theftank of an army, fauj ki b&z(L [ki saina. 
the main body of an army, qalb-i-lasbkar ; bicb 
the rigid and left wing of an army, d&^ b&en 

kl fauj ; yamin o yas&r. 
Aroma, n. kbusb-ba ; sugand ; mabak. 
Aromatic, Aromatical, adj. kbusb-bQ-d&r; 

muattar; sugandi; sugandit. 
Arotmd, adv. & prep, gird ; cbau-gird ; cbaron 

taraf ; sab taraf. 
Arouse, v. a. jag&n&; utbinft; bed&r k. 
Arrack, [A. arq juice] dirfl; mad; tbarrtl; 

desi sbarab. [illat lag&uiL 

Arraign, y. a. mujrim tbairftna ; makbOz k. ; 
Arraignment, n. ilz&m ; d&v& ; n&lisb. 
Arrange, v. a. [Fr. rang, H. la^ a line] 

saj&na ; sariy&nft ; sanvima ; sudb&ma ; tarUb 

k. y& d. ; tartib se rakhna ; murattab k. ; 

tbik k.; cbunn&; tbik&ne sir rakbu&; 

durusti se rakbna. 
Arrangement, n. 1. order, saj&vat; sudb&r; 

tartib ; ar&stagi ; durusti. 2. settlement, tas- 

fiya ; baud o bast ; saflLi. 3. preparations, sar- 

anj&m ; taiyari&ii ; band o bast 

To make arrangements for a meeting. 
Jalte ki taiySridh kamd. 

Arrant, adj. pQiiL; k&mil; p&k; nipat; niiA; 
mabz; asl; katti; bil-kul. 

An arrant fool. Nipat andri. 

Arras, n. musbajjar; div&r ka parda jo tas- 

yiiit se &rSstab bo ; div&rgIrL 
Array, d. 1. order (chiefly of toar) saf-&r&i; 

panl-bandi; saf-bastagi. 

2. apparel, abrau; paush&k; lib&s. 
Array, y. a. 1. put in order, 8af-&riLi, saf-ban- 

di ya pari-bandi k. ; tartib k. yH den&. 

By torch and trumpet fast amtyed. 
Each horseman drew his battle blade. CampbtU. 
Le moMhal, iurai, aur parcn kojamd, 
Sav&roa ne larne ko kkanjar liyd. 




2. ditk^ ibhOfllian pahnfto& ; nfhftiA pahnft- 
na; singirna; banana sanvftmi; aiistah 
paiiflstah k. 

Arrears, n. pichhli; pichauU; biql; baqijft; 
baqiyat ; ba^^ baqi ; l^i siqL 

arrears occurredy b^i pari ; b&ql rah&. 

arrears of renty biqi lagau ; bhej ; ba^jft 
lagti jtk lagauta ; lMiqay& sar-i-zaroin. 

arrears of revenue^ baqftyii mil-gntfri ya jami. 

arrears of the ffrececUng ffear, l^i sal-gUBsh- 
tah; baqftya-i-silbiqaii. [biqi charhnft. 

be in arrears, lAqi parni ya rahnft ; talab yft 

recovery of arrears, vosQl'i-biqL 

Arreaty v. a. 1. stop, rokna ; atkana; lAirakli- 
na. 2. seise, pakandL ; girifUr k. 

To arrest the attention. MifUm hitndkmd. 

Arresti n. girifUri ; paka^ ; m&khii^ [hokm. 

arre*t of judgment, mina-i-hukm ; taarms yrSe 

Arrival, n. amad ; vurfld ; pahunch ; taahrif- 
&Tuii ; raunaq-afroii ; qadam-ra^jah farmii. 
On his arrivMl here. Ushe jfohSn ine par. 

Arrive, v. d. pahunchna ; h pahui&chD& ; a j&ni ; 
&na; dakhil h.; manzil-i-maqsad ko pa- 
hunchna ; raunaq-afrbz h. ; taahiif l&na. 

Arrogance, Anogaaqr, n. 

garbh; takabbur; kibr;gar]:i;dimig;abhi- 
miui; gU8t&khi; magiHri. 

Arrogaitee is the obetruotion of wMonu Prov. 
(Tor&A samfyk kd bair haL 

Arrogant, adj. garbh- van; abbim&ni; gna- 
t&kh; mutakabbir; mudammig. 

Arrogantly, adv. garbh se ; takabbur se. 

Arrogate, v. a. [H. garbh pride] garbh k. ; tak- 
abbur k.; garrak. ; d&va-i-beja k.; apne ko 
khenchnU; nakhvat se ikhtiyar-i-la-hasil apne 
upar lena. 

arrogation of aathorily, khud-h&kmi ; be-ikh- 
tiyar kuchh k. ; i»-j&ydz ikhtiy&r. 

Arrow, n. t!r ; ban ; sar ; khadang. 
Straight as an amm. Tir sd tUdklL 

an arrow's flight, partab ; tir ki parvEz. [tir. 

an arrow without the point, thothi tir ; khundE 

barbed arrow, ankre-d§r tir. 

the feather of an arrow, parrllh ; pargiri. 

the notch of an arrow, photik ; sOfar. [paikln. 

tlve point of an arrow, bhal; nok; ginsi; 

Uu shaft of an arrow, qalam ; siri. 

shoot an arrow, tir chalana y& mamIL 

Arrowhead, n. 1. tir ki nok; ban ka siiil; sa^ 
i-paikan; nok-i-n5vak. 2. (Bot.) ek qism 
ka abi pauda jiske patte tir ki nok jaise 
bote hain. [ban-sa. 

Arrowheaded, adj. tir ke nok jaisa ; tir jaisa ; 

Arrowroot, n. (Cor,) ararot ; bimaron ke vaste 
ek halki khurak ; maranta. 

Arse, n. chatar; ganr; sunn; kQn. [yar-ghar. 

Arsenal, n. silah-khana; (Cor.) megzin ; hathi- 

Arsenic, n. bartal ; sankhiya ; gopajit hartal ; 
zarnikh; aamm-ul-far. 

Arsenic, Arsenical, adj. hartal-k&. 

Arson, n. (Lau^ ag lagana ; atash-zani ; atash- 
zadagl; jurm-i-atash-zani; grah-dah. 

Art, n. 1. prmeHcal huosUeige^ gun; konar; 
kartab; &n. 

Art helps nature, and experianee art. Prov. 
Banar hofkOixe jamhar, tajrmbak barkdm hmmar. 
2. skiU, k&rigari ; k&rast&ni ; ustkdi ; jogat; 
aaliqa; hatau^; hath-kandi; hikjmat. 

The heiffht of oH ia to conceal art Ptot 

Munar id ekhmpdnd kunar kai. 
8. cunning, aiyari ; failsOf i ; ohSlikI ; fitrat. 
fine arts, n&zuk ya umdah funfUiy jaise ahtoi, 

musawiri, mOsfqL 
liberal arts, ulQm ; bidd]^ 
the arts and sciences, ulttm o fandn ; ilm o 

hunar. I%e mechameal arU, dast-k&ri. 
Artemisia, n. (BoL) marva; daunlL; aftantfo. 
Arteriae, n. (Med.) ek dava jo tefktue jk halq 

ki bimftri ko mufid hoU haL 
Arterial, adj. rag-i-«hiryin ke mutaaOiq. 
Artery, n. rag-i-jan ; rag-i-shiryan, y&nl vdi 
rag jis se tamam jism men khCUi pUm^hta 
hai ; lal rag. 
Artfol,adj. chhaliy&; &rebi; aiy&r; fidlsOf; I 


An artful fellow ie the defilin adimblet^ Ptot. 
Bard aifdtr tkaitSn kd for. 

ArtfUly, adv. chhal se ; chlJ&ki se; aiyirl se. 
Artfdlness, n. 

aiyari; chalaki; failsflft; hirfitt; fitrat; 
fareb; chhal; robSh-lrik^; phulasfe-b&zly 
Artichoke, n. hiti-chak. 
Jerusalem artichoke, hati-pioh. 
Article, n. 1. a single clause, data; simn. 2. 
UipulaJUon, hor; pratagya; shart; iqrlr ; ahd. 
S. commodity, jins; chiz bast; shae. 
An artidt of food. Kkdnt |>iiie ii cAis. 

4. (In journalism) mazmiin. [paper. 

There was a very good ariieU in yeeterdaj's 
Kal ke akhbdr men eh bard achchhd mosmAa Md. 

5. (Gram.) harf-i-tankir. 
article of property, jaedad ; shae; jina, 
each article, ek ek chiz ; bar adad. 
Article, v. a. ahd-name ki sharton se bindhni; 

sharton ka p&-band k. 
an articled derk, iqrari moharrir. [ratib. 

Articles, n. (pi.) ruqOmat; umOrat; dafe; ma- 
articles qffcU'h, mazhabi masail. 
articles o//>0actf, sulah-name ya milap ki sharten. 
articles of war, ain-i-jangi. [dir. 

Articular, Articulate, jor-dar; gathil&; girah- 
Articulata, n. (pi.) See Annulose. 
Articulate, adj. dvstinct, saf ; khuli hua. 
Articulate, V. a. saf talaffuz k.; uchoh&ma; 

uebcharan k. 
Articulation, n. 1. (Anat) har-ior. 

2. (of words) uchcharan ; talaffus ; labji. 
3.(£ot.)joT; girah; ganth; band; porL 
Artifice, n. cbhal ; chalaki ; aiyari ; hila; fareb. 
Artificer, n. kari-gar ; dast-kar. 
Artificial, adj. 1. banavti; masnOi; ftvurd; 

banaya-hua ; sakhta ; taiklbi. 
2./a/*<;, jhuta; naqlL 

Artificial diamonds. Jhute hire. 

Irtiicudity, ArtificialneM, n. banavat ; dikha 

▼&; Akht; tasaiiiio. 
Artilkaally, adv. saklitagi se ; tarkib se. 
ArtfQefj, n. 1. top-khana ; top. 

2. weapons of war, s&man-i-jang. 
ArtiBU, dast-k&r ; kari-gar (Artificer). 
Artift, D. 1. one skUUd in the fine artSf saDnaa; 

aanat-kar; ahl-i-eauat. 2. a ehil/tU person^ 

^i^S^iSB^ ; guui ; sughar ; chatur ; hunarmand. 
Artistay n. uetid; kaiigar. [muafiq; sanatl. 
Artiglie» Artistieal, adj. karigar y& iistlld ke 
artuide skiUj iiatadi ; sanat ; k&rigari. 
Altiitieallyi adv. sanat-kari se ; ustadi se. 
Altlen, 0dj. simple^ sadah; bhola; bhondQ; 

bliol& bhkla ; modhd ; mathu. 

AxtlBSsljy adv. sadagi se ; bhole-pan se. 
AxtksmesSy n. sadagi ; sidha-pan ; bhola-pan. 
Ai, ady. A conj. [H. a«, otm. Per. dsd like.] 

1. like^ jaisa ; jaise-ki ; sa ; jis-tarah ; vaisa ; 
taisi; xnanind; misl; goya; muafiq. 

Do it (u before. PakU ki tarak karo, 

2. whUe, jab-ki ; jonhi ; jia vaqt. 
And whistled <u he went. 

Anr hakUe kheUe apnl rah IL 

3. for example J maslan ; jaise ; chunauche. 

4. inaemMcii as, cbOnki ; jo ki; is sabab se ki. 
The beggar is greater at a man than is the 

man merely 9$ a king. Dewey. 

Bt^kAaydl ddmi hone 1^ ekfaqir hentar Aoi us 
ddwd ie Jo tiff bddthdh hai. 

at hefore, aglasa; jaisaki; peshtar; aizan; 

jairil ki pahle bo chuka bai. 
Of /or Of, tak ; jahau tak ; tabau tak. 

Come at far at the bridge ! Put tak do t 
Atfof at I can tee. Jahdh tak mitjhe sujhtdhai. 
9tfor^ at to, b&bat; darbab; par; baq men; iiisbat. 
Qt how, kts tarah ; kyon. [jaue ; jane. 

QtifyOM though, jais&-ki ; jano ; goya ; roilno ; 
at it ought to be, jaissa cbabiye ; bayad o sbayad ; 

kami haqqabtL 
at U toere, goy&ki ; jaisa-kl 
at Umg at, jab-tak ; tab-tak. 
at wutny, at much, jitua; jeta; jis qadar. 
at often at, jai l^r ; jab kabhl. [taur par. 

Of usual, vaisa hi ; badastfir ; mamulT tariqe ya 
at well as, bbi ; aur ; niz ; mae ; ba-mae. 
at will appear, jaisa ki ^bir ho^ ; jaisa likha 

y&darj bai. 
•• yet, ab-tak ; abahUfi ; ajahuu ; hanoz. 
at you were, jis tarah turn the. 
at fm watUd toy, arthat ; goya ; yani. 
iii proportion as, ba-hisab ; ba-qadr. 
to as, taki ; aisa-ki ; ki ; jo. 
to that, taki ; is liye-ki ; nazar-barau-ki ; bad- 

m-DAzar; ba in libaz ya khayal. 

nuk as, jaial ki, us qism ka ; jo. 
Anfivtida, n. hing. 

Aftefloty n. (Min.) ek resbe-dar kani sbaS. 
Afcsrides, n. pi. chunne ; cbunie ; cbuncbune ; 

chtin&ne; kirm-i-sbikam. 
AfOtady V. D. 1. mount, cburbna; nthna; 

bilangiia ; balaud h. 2. go toioards the source, 

charhna ; pichhe jilna ; saud k. 3. improvSf 
barhna; taraqqi k. 
Ascend, v. a. f Lat scando, Skr. skand mount] 

climb, charhna; Clpar jana; bilangna. 
Ascendency, n. 1. fauqiyat; galba; t&sir; bas. 
Custom has an ascendency oyer the under- 
standing. Rivdj ko aql par galb& haL 

Ascendant, n. (Ast) urOj ; udaS. 

His evil star is in the ateendani. 
Us kS hurS siidrd fl gayd hag. 

Ascendant, adj. saresht; bis-bisvo; var; galib; 

fayaq; ala; afzal. [bona. 

he in tfie ascendant, galib ya sresht h. ; nrQj. par 
Lord oftfie ascendant, uch ke girah h. 
Ascending, part. adj. chafhta-hua; uthta-bua; 

uda6 hotft baa. 
Ascension, Ascent, cbarhao ; uthao ; uri\j ; satid. 
the ascension (of a prophet,) meraj. 
Ascent, n. I, act of rising, utb&n; charh&o; 

ubh&r. 2. acclivity, cbarhai. 

3. eminence, unchai; balandi; irtifa. 
ascent in capillary attraction {Mech,) nali-kbin- 

cbao men utbao-bal. 
Ascertain, v. a. [Lat. cemo, H. chhdnna to sift] 
1 . m^Jce certain, nisbcbe L ; pakka k. ; 

tahqiq k. ; thik k. ; janchna ; nirne k. ; tash- 

khis k. 2, find out, daryaft k.; malflm k. 
Ascertainable, adj. qabil-i-taliqTq ; nisbcbe-jog. 
Ascertainment, n. tahqiq; tabqiqat; nisbcbe; 

tanqlh; tashkbis. 
Ascetic, adj. abidana; zahidana. 
Ascetic, n. tapasbsbl; tapesri; sant; sanyasi; 

abid ; atlt ; ^bid ; jati ; jogi. [riazat ; zohd. 
Asceticism, n. tap ; tapashiya ; jog ; darvesbi ; 
Ascites, n. (i/isd) jalandar; istisqa. 
Ascribe, v. a. lagana ; thairana ; mansUb k. ; 

nisbat k. ; makhstis k. ; mabmQl k. ; taalluq 

k. ; bais samajhna ya jaiina. 
Ascription, n. lagao ; taalluq ; nisbat. 
Ash, n. rakh ; khak. 

Good tobacco bears a white ash. 
Achchhe tambdkH ki dhaull rakh. 

Ashamed, part adj. sharrainda ; lajjit ; lajalG ; 
sharm-nak ; pasbeman ; nadim ; kliafif ; 
munfail; khajil. 

to be ashamed, v. n. lajana; sbarmana; pasbe- 
man h. ; munfail ya kbajil h. 
Never be ashamed to cut your meat ! Prov. 

Kkdne men kyd tharm f Prov. (It is no shame to eat). 

Ashcolor, n. khaki-rang. 

Aahcolored, Ashy, adj. khaki ; fakhtai. 

Ashes, n. pi. 1. rakh ; bhabut ; bhnsam ; cbhar. 
2. remains of the human body, pbal ; astbL 

liot ashes, garm nikh ; bbiibal. 

pit for ashes, i^b-dan. 

reduce to ashes, jal&ke nlkh k. ; matti meii 
milana ; kh&k-i-siyah k. ; kbak men milana. 
Ash-hole, n. rakh nikalne ki mon. 
Ashore, adv. sabil par; kinare par. [ek-bagal. 
Aside, adv. ek-taraf ; alag; kinare; juda ; ekant ; 

But soft ! aside, here comes the king. Shak, 

Chvpf dUr ho! padshdh ate hain. 

io lay aside, ek taraf rakhn&; alag, ya kinare 

to Set aside (a decision) rad k. ; maQS&kh k. 
Agjnine, adj. gadha-sa. 
Ask, V. a. [Du. eisehen demand, Skr. and H. ick- 

chhd wLidi] 1 . question, pQchhna ; punish k. ; 

saval k. ; l^z-purs k. ; istifsar k. 

2. enquire, darjaft k. ; puchhna. 
Wherefore dost thou oslr after my name ? 
Tarn merd nam hyoh puchhU ho t 

3. solicit, chahua ; maugua ; darkhuSlst k. ; 

ardas k. ; arz k. ; istidaa k. ; iltimas k. 
Ash, and it shall be given you. 
Mango, our woh turn ko nUUgd, 

4. dem<md, talab k. ; davi k. 
Askance, adv. [Skr. and H. ekdnJt secluded] 

tirchhi nazar se ; kanakhyon se. 
Askew, adv. tirchha ; terha. [salami ; dhalao. 
Aslant, adv. [Sw. tlinia, H. phisal slidejtirchha ; 
Asleep, adv. uind men; sota hua; niudasa; 

unlda; aram men. 

By whidperi ng w inda soon lulled asU^ . MUUm. 
Chalat bayaJL to gai tatkdl. 
Asleep, adj. 1. sleeping , sola; sot^huft; 2ram 
karta hua. 2. (Fig.) dead, murdah; mara; mu&. 
Aslope, adv. dhalHo ; salami. 

Set them not upiight but aslope. 

Unko sldhd mat khara karo, dhalifdn rakne do. 

Asp, n. kal-sarp; afai; Imlishtiya-^np. 
Asparagus, n. nagdaun ; marchobiL 
Aspect, n. [Lat. specio, H. pekhnd view] 1. look, 
rup ; stirat ; shakl ; paikar. [jog ; lagan. 

2. view, or ; janib ; rukh ; simt. 3. (Ast.) 
Aspen, n. bedi-majuQu ; majnon ka darakht. 

To shake as an aspen leaf. 
Bed-i-majniLh ki tarah tkarihardnS. 

Asperate, v. a. khurdara k. ; ua-hamvar k. 
Asperity, n. 1. roughness of surf ace, khurdarii- 

pan ; na-harnvfiri ; uiichan nichan. 

2. harshness of sound, nikhal; sakhtl; 

karakhtagi; akkhar-pan. 3. arrimony, tezi; 

karvahat; talkhi; turshl. 4. moroseness, 

rukha-pan; tursh-rui; bad-mizlji. 
Asperse, v. a. [Lat. spargere, H. bakhemd to 

scatter] kalaiik, lx>htan, tohmat, aib, lim, 

dfig, tufau, ya ilzam lagana. 
Aspersion, n. dag ; kalafik ; ilzam ; tohmat ; 

bohtan; tufan ; barf; lira; thudda. 
Asphalte, n. (Min.) kani ral. 
Asphyxia, Asphyxy, n. niQrciiha, ya gash ka der 

tak rahna; murchha-gat; 8akta. 
Aspirant, n. [Lat s}nro to breathe, H. hdnpnd] 

umraedvar ; chahne-vala. 
Aspirate, v. n. ho kl avaz nikalna. 
Aspirate, n. ha-kar; bisarg; harf-i-he. 
Aspiration, n. [Lat, spirare, H. sans lend to 

brcatbc, H. hdhpnd to pant] 1. ardent wish, 

chah; arzQ; mahl-piran; tamanna; harak ; lau. 

2. he kahna ; bisarg lagana. 

Aspire, v. n. arzu ya tamanna rakhna ; bahut 

chahna; nigah ya tak rakhna; hurakna. 
Aspiring to be ^ofla if angel.-* fell 
Aspiring to be yngela men rebel. Pope, 

Hmimard^SkaitakgmKkMdghms keddrtatt 
To A'loM ne boffSvat H wialak bamme he meBuk€ se, 
aspire to, as, uiyat y& ummed rakhna ; asm k. 
Aspiring, adj. baland-nasar; ali-himmat; baland- 
hausla ; lli-dimag. [se ; bhenge-pan se. 

Asquint, adv. kan-a^hiyon ya tirchhi nanr 
Ass, u. [Skr. Qshv, Per. asp horse] 

1. the animal, gadha; khar. 

An ass among perfumes. Prov. Oadke ho «•• 
giiri bdg / Ftov. (A Tinery for an ■» !) 

Says the act tether me in the same rtall wHh 
the king's horses ! Oadhd hake mMJke hkdsok 
wenbdndho/ [^LhiL 

2. doU, gadhi ; mflrakh ; be-vuq(if ; ahmaq ; 
Assail, v. a. [Lat saUre to spring, Skr. m 

flow]. I. aUack, dhava k.; chafh jioi; 

hamla k. ; hilla ya chot k. 2. eensisre, mal&- 

mat k. ; ili&m lagana ; hajv k. ; buril kahna. 
Assailable, adj. charbai-jog ; hamle ke qibil. 
Assailant, u. I. hamla-avur; hille-vila. 

2. (Law) baul-i-fosad ; mufsid. 
Assassin, u. [from A. hashishin heib-eater, S. 

han tokilljgupt-gh&ti; fiureb, daga, y& chori 

se marne-Y&la. 
Assassinate, v. a. chhup-ke mama; gh&t se 

ndrna ; chori, daga, ya fareb se mami. 
Assassination, n. gupt-ghat; qatl; halakat. 
Assault, n. 1. o^toel:, charhai ; harola; hilUl; 

v&r; dhava; takht; ytlrish. 2. (J/i/.) hilla; 

dhava. 3. (criminal) milr-pit; zad o kob; 

jtltl-pai^r; lappa-dukki; hkthapal; huri 

mukki. 4. (Eng. Law) hamle kl surat. 
assault and baitery, bamla aur zad o kob. 
assault of arms, kartab-dikhavH ; kartab. 
assault with wounding or personal injury, zad 

o kob sath majruhi ya dusre sadme badani ke. 
criminal assaiUt, hamla-i-mujrimanah. 
make an assault, zad o kob k. petty assavU, 

khafif hamla. 
shoio of assault, hamle ki numayash; ghunsa 

ya chabuk dikhaua; amadagi-i-hamla; darauL 
Assault, V. a. charhal, dhava, takht, hamla, 

ya yurish k. [mama ; ratvai k. 

to assault at night, chhapa mama ; shabkhdn 
Assay, n. 1. attempt, koshish; qasd. 2. exami- 

nation, Vms; paiukh; pariksha; imtehau. 
assay office, taksill ; dar-ulayar ya zarb. 
Assay, v. a 1. try, siti k. ; qasd k. ; koshish k. 
2. test, kasua; parakhua ; tao deua ; izmami ; 

imtehau k. 

Assayer, u. parakhya; sarr&f; naqqad. 

Assemblage, Assembly, n. 1. group, majma; 

niajmua; ijtima; hujum; amboh; jam- 

ghata; maudli. 2. association, majlis; jalsa; 

sabha ; bazm ; anjuman ; akha^ ; pancbayat. 

Imperial assemblage. Darbdr-i-qaisari, 

a public or general assembly, majlis-i-am. 
Assemble, v. a. [Lat. simul, Skr. sam, A. shA- 

mil together] ikhatte ya batle k. ; jama k. ; 

jorna ; ek ja k. ; faraham k. 
Assemble, v. u. ikhatte, ya batle h. ; jama h. ; 

junia ; faraham h. 




•room, n. nacb-ghar ; majlis-khflna. 
>t u. [H. sStfiy sang together] raza ; raza- 
maodi; marsi; qubQliyat; mauzari; angi- 
kftri ; hknu ; auflmat ; ittif&q-i-rile ; prataggya. 
deed of Oisent, r&zi-u&ma; sumat-patr. 
roftd as$enif shihi-matiztlrl ; ]ilj4lggy&. 

▼. u. man lenft ; manna ; bin k. ; hA- 
mibharnH; manzOrk.; qubQl k.; rHzI h.; 

▼. a, [Lat 8ertumf H. sdM join] 
1. over, yaqinan bay&u k. ; ishar k. ; istiqiil 
■e kahnE; isr&r k. 2. vindicate dav& k.; 
miiddal h., y& banni.. 
oiseri a daim^ d&Ya k. 
AMtftiony u. 1. ^ adiauy dEvE; isr^r. 

S. iJ^fimuUion^ kahan; bat; bachan; ba- 
jia; ^al; taqrir. 

AsteriioH is not proof. Baydn iublU nahh hai, 
{Kakmd amr, our tMU anr.) 

▼. a. [Lat sedere, H. baiihnd to sit] 

1. to taXj kar lag&nE; tikas, y& mahsfil la- 

g^LnL 3. nalvie, mol y& nirkh thair&na. 3. 

ettimaie, &Akn&; k(itn&; jEnchuE; audaza 

k.; atkalni; takhmlha k. 

dasnageiy zar-i-harja ya tcjta thairftna. 
fTfeftNe, jama l^Mbn& ya nmqrrur k. ; 

milgudLri thair&oa; jam&-bandi k.; jam& 

AlWiMinant y n. 1. ^A^ ocf, tasbkhis-ijama ; 

band-o-bast. 2. vcduatUm^ janch ; auk ; kat ; 

mol; dar. 3. ^o/rft^mue^ malguziri; barij; 

lagtl; lagan; bbej; potah. 
oBiomnt of oMtument, jama-i-musbakhasa ; miq- 

d&r-i-jama; t&di&d-i-jama. 
amtnuwt according to the nuvuher of ploughsy 

balbar&r; hal-pa^ 
amgnneni in kind, batlli; ain-i-^jins. [rasadi bissa 
on a share, bacbb; bebrl; bant; 
on houses, teks cbaukidara. 
Jnefrom assessment, kar-rabit; parta-cbbut; 

^khiraj; muafL [malguzail. 

§nss asscfsntent, khftm jama-band!; kacbcbi 
iMerease ofassfssmeni, besbi rasad ; izata-i-jama ; 

ba|iiotr!-lagan. [yE sanglii jamE. 

(mer-iusessment, bhar! jam3l j& lao^ii ; sakbt 
redudion in the assessment, gh&t-jaroa ya 

la^n; minhid; mnjraL 
kumoTf n. I. one wJta assesses, aiikvaiyi; 

^ocbiya; kQtiyft; takhralna-kunindab ; 

jftahslil la^ne-vala. 2. assistant in council, 

tflis; Emil; pancb; £. asesar. 
iattii n. (pi.) pQfijt ; asEsa ; jaSdad ; m^l o 

•niiril ; jama anr vajib-ul-vu-sQl ; dban. 
saseis {from land) paidkvar! ; nikE^i ; mabftsil ; 

pM ki nikatsL 
ptrmmal assets, uthau-dhan ; asbSLb ; jaedad-i- 

■MoqQla. [erazi. 

umI aswets, atal-dban; jSedftd-i-gair-mauqQla ; 
unrealized assets, p&iia; niutabibab; yaftani; 

bai^ya-i-roilgnsiri; b&qlbbej. [kabna. 

AlaeYerate, v. a. bachan k. ; qaul k. ; bar bar 

Asseyeratioii, n. bachan ; qaul. 

Assidaity, Assidooiuaiess, u. [Lat. sedere, H. 
baithnd to sit] bar! tavajjob ; lagan ; tan- 
dibi; pitte-mftri; mehnat masbaqqat; jadd 
o jabad ; kad o k&visb ; shiram ; parashram. 

Assidaoiu, adj. mehuati; tan-deb; pitte- 
mar ; piUsbirmi. 

ABsiduously, adv. pitte-m&rl se ; tan-dihl se. 

Assign* V. a. [Lat. signum, H. cbinh sign] 1. 
apportion, lag&n& ; manstlb k« ; dil&uH ; bhftg 
lagauE ; hissa muqarrar k. 

2. specif If, makbsOs k. ; n&m nib&d k. ; 
muqarrar k. ; taiyun k. ; (bairilna. 

3. transfer^ iutiqal k. ; h&th den& ; becbi 
k, ; nftm likhua ; nmntaqil k. [muqarrar k. 

assign a day for trial, niuqaddaroe ki t&rikh 
assign limits, bad bandbna ya tbair&uft. [batli&nS. 
cusign reasons, vajab pesb k. ; sabab y& karan 
assign waste, jangal zamlu den&. 
assigned places, muqarrail jagah; apni apni 

jagah ; jae-muaiyanah. 
Assignable, adj. {Law) bechijog ; qibil-i-intiq&L 
Assignation, n. L Hie act, dena; supurdugi; 

hayala. 2. (Law) becb! ; intiqaL 

3. appointment to meet onsy milne ya mul&- 

qat karne ka iqrar. [ileb ; valL 

Assignee, n. muntazim ; k&r-kun ; muntaqal- 
assignee of jamd, mustaliaq-i-jami. 
Assignment, n. 1. ^ act, supurdagi; tafviz. 

2. (Law) becbi ; intiqal ; jamog. 
assignment of dower, tarka-i-jaedad ba-nam 

zauja ; istiri-bet dlian sankalp. 
assignment of land, jagir ; jaeJ&d. [i-j^gir. 

assignment of property, dbaa-sankalp ; intiqal- 
assignment of title, intiqal-i-baq. 
Assimilate, v. n. [Lat similis, Skr. soman like] 
\,heoome similar, mil jan&; eksan h. ; 

mushabab, ya ham-sbakl h. 2. be converted 

into the substance of the body, ang lagna ; 

khuu bannil; ek jigar b. ; mil jaua. 
Assimilate, v.a. [Lat. similis^ Skr. saman like] 

1. bring to a UkenesSj ek-mel k.; yakaan 
k. ; rausbabah k. 

2. {Physiol,) hazm h. ; pachnE ; ang lagnE. 
Assimilation, n. \,the act, ek-mel ; yaksani- 

yat; nmshabahat 2. {Physiol.) hazm; 

bbojan ka ang lagna. 
Assist, V. a. [Lat. sisto, H. ihairdnd cause to 

stand, H. sahdyatd help] sahayata k. ; saliara 

dena ; bath dena ya pakaf na ; dast-giri k. ; 

B&tb dena; madad k.; mada(kari k.; taid 

k.; pushti k. ; hilth bacb&na; k&m ba^u&; 

imdad k. ; eUnat k. ; kumak dena. 
Assistance, n. sabaeta ; sabaril ; madad ; s&th ; 

dast-giri; taid; yarl; yavri; eanat; mua- 

▼anat; pushti; kumak. 
Assistant, n. sahayak; sabi^; madad-^; 

muavin; dast-gfr; mumidd. 
assistant in an office, munshi ; bftbti ; kirani. 
Iiead assistant, sar-i-daftar ; sarisbtedar. 
Assise, n. mahakma-i-adalat ; daura-supurd. 


^■ociate, v. a. [I At. somu, H. nmpat^] jo^; 

ek-aith k.; miUoii; ahftmil k. 

Auoci&ta. V. u. iiiili)ti; sohbat rakhn*; mel- 

jhol rnklini; mili ruhua; auiigat k. ; a&th 

raliiiil; <iath bnithnii; rttif&q k. [Skate*. 

h'rieii-li sbould mmriatt {rieniU in grief ud woa. 

Riiai gaat men titK da Ibm ttoil Ul I 

Asiociate, Auociated, adj. miU; jiit&; a&Ui- 

kaj muttikfiq ; sajlie mvi'i. 
Aljociate, n. I. cotnfanion, Hathi; lafiq; 
Haii^ti ; Hobbati ; ham-Bohhat ; ham-uaBhiu ; 
yar; jalia. 2. partner, B&jhli sliarikj Bh&mil. 
Tbe one (iden) no eooner c^>niea unto Iho 
underatandiiig th.iii iU runnciaU «ppe»r9 
with it. Lorie. JoiU dc bat jl wuh dtl Kai 
voiki take tSth Al ditrl bdt atl luti. 
Aavodatioil, n. 1 . wtion, mcl ; jur ; mil'ip ; mel 
iQilSip; meljliol; s&jha; shirkat; itharftkat; 
ittifaq ; wihbat ; itteh&d ; tiam-iiaahfiii. 

2. a society, jikmant; majrai; aabh&; 
maAdlij p&n^it; majlifl; anjiiman. 
attoaUition ofideat, biiudish-i-khajil&t ; biohlr- 

jiir; ijtini&&-khay&ISt. [tnazhahi. 

rtligioiu autoeitaum, dhann-sabhil ; anjiiman-i- 
»eienl'fii: rtfioeiation, anjuinan-i-iltni ; biild^- 

maiidal j'i ahili. 
Anonuioe, n. 1. ham-ava^i; hiim&hftAgl. 

4. ( Prot.) qifiyft ; q&fiye-er4l i ; sutfiiit-tuk. 

Anonimt, ailj. [[At. toiuire, H. xaeA sound.] 

1. having the game eoiind, liam-uTi;; ; hfvm- 

ahaiig. 2. {Pros.) qafiya-band; tiik-bHud; 

Aiaort, V. a. tartil) d. ; lAclilia k. ; tafriq k. ; 

alagalagk.; bantna; jiida jnda k. ; taq'^Im 

k.; aary&nii; clilifti'itim; muklitalif kh&Aon 

mei'i rakiina. [im ; tliik h. 

ABiort, V. 11. [H. saja aortcd] Rajnil; tartib [A- 
ABSortment, II. 1. the ocf.snj&vut; tarlib. 'i. goods, 

kbeji; dlicr; iniikbtaUfqiain kosaiidc ya cbiz. 
Abbh^C, v. a. kam k. ; dhimi k. ; lialkil k. ; 

tianik k. ; thatida k. ; maiuU k. ; HiintuHli 

dcna; ta-ikiii duiift; ta^batfl yil tatulK deiia. 
Assume, v. a. 1. odoitt, A\i\\&a k. ; ikhtiyar k. 

Tile god ottHintd hia Dative furtti A|{Hiti. I'upe. 
Dtcta lie pklr apna $ackck& rUp I'lUrun jtijio. 

3. take upon oiieiel/, apiie fipar Iciia; zim- 
mab luna; otiiii. 3. api'ro}>riale, leiia; Akhi 
k.; a|iii£ k. 4. take for grautrd, mfuiiia; fori k.; 
taitliink. d.;>ret«n^ (c, jataiia; iahirk.;l>be« 
bliitrnil ; rflp baiiaua. 

Attiimt a virtue if jou have it ant. Sfuiiet. 

Agar turn neh ncki itakiA kat tan titbi ta r^p 

t« dkaro. 

ossrnne ar'iilrarily, be-vajiih ya j aiihiii qarvir d. ; 

ji ae thairaiiH ya bouiLuai upiii tabijat se 

qiiyaiii k. ; farz k. 

Asaome. v. ii. bcja ikiitiyar k. ; akiiriia; aiiitJi- 

iia ; liad se bufhiw ; ban d&\ a k. 
Assamption, u. 1. the act, apiic upar Icna; 
ikhliyiir; zimme-vjLri; akiiz. '2. a stippMilion, 
farx; fare! Idt, ; aniar-i-qa}ilii ; iluFluz. 
o.{Tlieol.) mcriy. aiitariUiiyiin. 

Aisirauce, n. 1. eerlain a^Metaticti, btttron; 
yaqiu; bisTas; etebkr; eteqid. 

2. stenrity, itmla&ii ; dil-jamti ; khitir-junft. 

Br»e men meat dnnger with cunmuMC. tfiml bj 
Sar bJr UrCdE H}iMu>h kd tdmiiA harU kaU 

i. self-reliance, dhiras; jurat 
4. imjmdetKt, gustakhl. 5. inturanee, biu^ 
assunmee company, blma kartie-viloii ki janwat. 
atsKraneeinGod, tavakkul bakhudajbharoM. 
asiuraiue office, bime ki kotlii. 
life oMiiranee, j&u-bima. 
Aasare, v. a. I. give cmifidenee, niahche k.; 

ynqm dilaniL 2. maie safe, dil-jamal k. ; 

khatirjunia k. ; itniliian k. 3. {Law) bim&k. 
Assured, adj. I. certain, thi^ ; pakki; pukh- 

tab; tabqiq; iiuiqarrurj motabu;; bila-shak 

o aiiubnb ; mtitayuqqau. [lagttiii. 

2. bo/d to Atce^, giuitakh ; in&^iphat; bad- 

3. (A'lts) insured, bitiii kiya-hua. 
Attniedly, adv. nisbcbe; hL'-shak; b<sehnbab; 

albatta; liil-yaqini yiqiuan. 
Aiiarer, n {Law) biiui yi tboka karne-TSlL 
Asteriik. n. [Lat. aslerisevs frona osier star, 
H. & Per. Mfdrd, H. t&rd ator] kbirijX; 
iiisbfiui; BJt&ri jo nisbaiil ke tAur par haabye 
met) baua dote haiti, jatac (*}. 
Astern, adv. 1. behind the s/U/', jab&z ke pichhe 
y& picbhvare; jabiz ke aqab men. 

2. backward, iiiuhbe; pichbafi; pichhvaie; 
pichbe ko ; piehliU tiiraf. 
I to go a'Irrn, piclilic hatiia. 
Asteroid, n. (.(</.) chhobi cbalU tarii. \iA&\t. 
I Asthma, II. duiii'i ; gaivt ka rog; xiqim-uafi; 
Asthmatic, Aithmatical, adj. daine-k&. 
Astir, ailj. elialta-)>liirl&; mutAbHi-rik. 
i Astooista, V. a. aclianibc mcii daliitl ; bluicbak 
I k. ;bbiijkaiiriitiaii'at mcu dalna; mutabaiyar 
I k.; miitaajjib k. 

! to bf asliiitithed, V. 11. acbamlic b. ; acbambe 
'. iiiunaua; auhi-aj b. j miittiajjib li.; bakk& 
I biikkil mil jrnia. [iidbbiit. 

Astoniiking, part. adj. acbmj ; ajib; ajnliai 
I Astoniihiugly, udv. t.iajjub, aDliaiiilibe, ya 

lifiinit se; ajab larnb se. 
ABtonisbntent, n. auliambii ; acbmj ; &sbobarj ; 

taajjiib; haimt; tuhaiyttr. 
Uut in astonishment, bhiichakki ; avbambe meii 

diil>a liua ; aiigiisht ba-daiidau. 

AstoDnd, V. a. fl:>kr. and H. Mh, streteh] hakki 

liakka k. ; acbambe meu dalua; mutabaiyar 

k. ■ [lat Hjlb. 

AstoiULdiiig, part. adj. acbarabc-Ki ; ajib ; aiba- 

Astraddle, a<lv. (iborekasaasan; piiir phailaG 

bue; Iambi tttiiigeii kiyo hue. 

to lit astraddle, i«ir pbaila-kc baithni. 

Astral, adj. tare-ka-sa; t&ioiVjaisa ; sU&re-diir. 

Astray, adv. bhatakt£-hiia; bbatk'i; bhfila- 

bbatka; giim-rab ; avara; bhiila; bb&la- 

bisri; giun-goitbtab ; gum-sbudah. 

to ^0 astray, bhiitjikiia; gum-ilLh ho jS>i&; 

bbalakta ja avani phiriii. 




to be led aitray, gum-rilb h. [pa-bandi. 

Aatrietum, d. [H. suker contract] 1. bandmh; 
2. (Hed.) Buker; ar; qahz. [ya asan. 

Aftride, adv. t&ngeh ch!r-ke ; gHorl ki hi say8.r! 
io git asiridey {a horse) ghore ki sav&t'I baithna 
Aflrmgemqf, u. kosao ; qabz ; ufusat ; baudbej. 
Aitrini^nt, adj. sukeru ; kasae^ ; kas&o karue- 

Tali; qibiz; afis; btikta. 
AftriagiOLt, n. kasail^pan ; qabz. 
Aftrolabe, n. UBtarlab. 
Astrologor, n. jotshi; joshi ; nnjurai; mnnajjim ; 

Hliaiii>-bid ; akhtar-Ahiuas. [ka. 

Aftrologic, Astrological, adj. jotish-ka ; najQm- 
Astxology, n. jotish ; ilm-i-nujum. 
AltrMLomer, n. hajat-daA ; rassad ; Riddhantt ; 

khagol j&nne-^ala. [runtaalliq. 

Astoonomie, Astronomical, adj. ilm-i-hayat ke 
asiramomieal tables, zlj ; zlch. 

Astronoxigr, n. t&ron k& ilm ; ilm-i-hajat ; kha- 

gol biddyft; siddhant. 
phfsical astronomy, hayat-i-tabai. 
Artote, adj. sugbar; siy&uil; bosbiyar ; tez-fabm* 
Awmdwr, adv. alag; alabda; alabda alabda; 

alag alag ; juda ; jud& juda ; bicbcbbe se ; 

&rq se ; kbulasah kbulS&ab. 
Afjlum, u. I. a place of securitif, ja^panah; 

aarau-astban ; paiiab; dar-ul-amaii ; malja. 

2. a charitable institution, kbairat-kbanab ; 

asylum for the poor ^ garib-kbana ; kangla-saran. 

IwMtic asylum, pa^l-kbaaab. 

At, prep. 1 . in, men ; par ; ke ; se ; balat meu. 

At peace. Ar&ni mtk. At work. Kfim men. 
2./ranft,8e. [KizhKsosef 

At yuur request. JphehnJinest, At what rate? 

3. towards, or; taraf; jauib; simt 
To point at cue. Kui kl taraf ishSrd h 
To aim aU Nishdnd hdMhua. 

(U aU, bilkul ; mutlaq ; bargiz ; kucbb ; zara.. 
Do you know him at all t 
TumkSri tukl kacfih bhi mulaqdt hat f 
at all events, bar sttrat men; ba-har-surat ; 

ba-bar-h&l; ba-bar-kaif; ba-bar-nau; barek 

bSlat men. 
ai all times, bar dam ; bar ya bar-ek vaqt. 
at any rate, jis tarab mumkin bo ; jis tarab bo 

sake, ya ban pare. 
at best, acbchhi ise acbcbbi balat men. fracu. 
at first, pable ; pahle hi pabal ; avval ; ad 
at first sight, dekbte b! ; pahli bi nazar ya 

nigih men ; badi-un-nazar men. 
oitfM length, tafsll-vir; mufassal; kbol-kar. 
at easSj ar&m se ; cbain se ; sukb se. 
at hmdf p&s; nasdik; anqarib; maujud; 

hizir; fiar-i-dast. 

ai home. 1. gbar men ; bbltar ; andar. 

2.famiUar, bamndam ; betakalluf. 
to make oneself al home with, be-takalluf b. 
at how much, kitne Ilo ; kitte ko ; kitiie par. 
at leasts I. there se thofft; kam se kam. 

2. stilly taubhl; t&ham ; tis par bbl. 

ai length, at last, akbir ko ; ant ko ; nid&n ; 

bare; akbir-kar; akbtrasb. [az-bad. 

at most, babut se bahut ; ziy&dab se ziyadah ; 
at once, abbi ; is! vaqt ; yak-lakht ; yak-qaltiiti ; 

yak-bargi ; ek-niiisht ; dafatan ; bili-tavaqquf. 
at peace, aman cbain se ; aman o aman se. 
ai pleasure, marzT muafiq ; kbnsbi-kbuan ; jab 

ji ch&be ; sbanq se. 
ai present, abbi ; is vaqt : fil-bal. 
ai random, atkal-pacbcbCl ; alaltappQ ; qay&san; 

jo mai&b meii ae; bo-socbe samjbe. 
ai sea, 1. samandar men. 

2. {Met ) awarah ; havas-bakbtab. 
ai sight, (bills) darsbiiui. 
at times, kabbi kabbi ; gabe ^be ] gab ^h, 
at war, larai meii ; lau* raha ; roasruf ba-jang. 
at worst, buri se biiri b&lat men ; barh-kar. 
At wont it will cost my life. 
Ziyddah bar in nest ki meri Jdn j&^gl. 

nothing at all, kucbb nabin. [niauqa takna. 
to be at, picbbd b.; darpae b. ; gbat meii h. ; 
Atelier, u. kar-kbana. 
Atheism, n. [Gr. tJieoe, Skr. devatd a god] dab* 

riya-pan ; nastik-pana ; Kbiida ko na manna; 

ilhad; kufr. 
Atheist, n. dalirya ; nastik ; munkir ; mulbid. 
Atheistic, Atheistical, udj. 

iilUtik ; raiilludaua ; munkir. [sa ; tisbna. 
Athirst, adj. [H. tis. Per. tishnagl thirst] piya- 
Athlete^ n. pablvan ; mal ; larait ; kasrati. 
Athletic, adj. 1 . bdonging to an athlete, kasratl ; 

kusbti ke mutaalliq. 

Athletic sports. Kamdld ; kasrat. 
2. robust, liatta. kattg; mazbut; tbada: 

qavl; bal-vant; ball; zoravar; pablvan; 

tak|u; miuibtanda; rusbt-pusht; dhQkar. 
Athwart, prep, ara ; a^ men ; tirchba ; &r pai*. 
Atlas, n. naqsboii kl kitab ; E. atlas. 
Atmosphere, n. bava ; bao ; batfls ; kurab-i-bava. 
Atmospheric, Atmospherical, adj. bava-ka. 

Atmospheric engine. Havdi anjan. 

Atom, n. kan ; atQt kan ; zarra ; parm^iti ; juz-i- 

Atomic, adj. zarrou-ka; zarri; kanl. 
Atone, Atone for, v. n. kaf ara ya daud dena ; 
parasbcbit k. ; tapasbya k. ; evaz k. [Pope. 
The murderer fell, and blood atoned tar blood. 
Gird qdtU, hifd kkUii khun ke badle. 

Atonement, n. kafura; daud; parasbcbit. 
Atop, adv. upar; sir par; cboti par; pbulaug 

par; bala. 
Atrabilious, adj. saudavI-misuLj. [p^pi* 

Atrocious, adj. bad-zat ; nibayat bura ; maba- 
Atrociously, adv. bad-zati se ; bur! tarab se ; 

nibayat shararat se ; be rabmi se. 
Atrocity, u. bad-zati ; maba-j^p ; be-rahraf. 
Atrophy, n. [Skr. trip content] (Med,) kbtlrSlk 

ya giza ke bazm na bone se dubla-pan ; 

kbauE ang na lagne se dubla-pan. 
Attach, V. a. [H. t&iih, tak, attach] 1. join, 

lag&nH ; milana ; sbamil k. ; jorua ; sath 
I iM^dbna; nattbik. ; mutaalliqk.; mulbiq 

k. ; muDsalik k. 2. fasten^ b&ndhu& ; jakar- 

dE ; girah dena ; ^^th d. 3. gain <meT^ leua ; 

apu& k. ; apnana ; apiil taraf lana ; dil leoa. 

4. (Law) zabt 1l ; qurq k. ; qiirqi men l&n&. 

ailach tmpartante (o, qabil-i-gaur ya bare mar- 

ke ka Bamajhna; ban j& surori.bat samjhDa. 
Attach^, n. nayab ; elchi ; (CorJ) ajant. [tab. 
attached estate^ mahal-i-maqruqah y& munzabi- 
Attaehment, il I. adhermee, 8&th; rifaqat; 

hamdami; waHniaTi 2. affctum,chsh; piy&r; 

muhabbat ; ulfat ; una. 3. (Law) qurqL 
attachment before judgment, qurqi qabl as 

faislah. [qi men dakhl-andaa. 

Itreach of attachment, mu^thimat-i-qurqi ; qur- 
legal froeeu of attaekmaU^ G. G. ain-i-tariqa-i- 

qurqi. [TaguaAsht. 

remomd of attaehmenU qurqi se chho|f&ii&; 
revenue atta^^ment^ qnrqi-i-tahol. 
temporary <Utachment, qurqi tahsU-i-chand-rosah. 
warrant of attachment, 

parvaoah-i-qurqi ; sabti-ulmah. 
Attack, Y. [H. tdnk tack.] 1. charbna; chaf^ 

hai k ; dh&va k., mama ; tHkht k. ; hamlk 

k. ; hamlft-avur b. ; fauj-kasbi k. 

3. impugn, aib-joi k. ; aib nik&lna ; harf- 

giri k.; burft batlana; khil&f riU> deii&; 

etiraz k. ; motariz b. 

to attack as a feint, fiamle k& dboki denS. 

to attack in front, ag&ri mani& ; mohr& mimi. 

to attack in rear, pichbar! m&rua ; picbbe se 

bamla k. [bamla k. 

to attack the Aank, bagall m&ma; i^aiX par 
the attacking party, bamlab-avur sbakbs ya 

jamaat. [yOrisb; billa. 

Attack, n. cbarb&i; bamla; dbava; takht; 
Attain, v. a. [Lat. tendo Skr. tan stretcb] 

pabunchna; b&sil k. ; piua; tabsil k. ; paida 

k. ; bar lana. 
to attain perfection, kam&l ko paliuiicbua 

kamal basil k. ; sidb bon&. 
Attainable, adj. pabuucbne-jog ; qabil-rasM 

milan-har ; mumkin-ul-bnsuL 
Attainment, n. the act, pabuncb; pirapt 

busul; tabsil; yaft; iktisab. 
Attainments, n. pL tabsil; yaqfiyat; dakbl 

jaubar; buuar. 

Literary attainmentt. TaJM-i-ilml, 
the attainment of one's wisJi^s, manoratb ; busQl- 

i-murad; kam-yabi; siddbL 
Attempt, v. a. [Lat leiido, Skr. tan stretcb] 1. 

try^ kosbisb k. ; qasd k. ; sai k. ; azm ya 

iridab k. ; jabad k. ; jadd o jabad k.; iqdam 

k. ; bath pair bilaoa. 

2. attack, cbarbai k. ; bamla k. 
attempt to commit, jabad-i-irtikab, G. G. 
attempt to commit culpable homicide, qatl-i- 

insan mustalzim-i-saza ke irtikab ka iqdam. 
attempt to commit robbery, sarqa-i-bil-jabr ke 

irtik&b ka iqd&m. G. G. [irtikab ka iqdam. 
attempt to commit suicide, kbiid-kusbi ke 
attm^ to murder, qatl-i-amad ka iqdam. 

I attempt to rescue, cbhnra le jane ka iqdam. 
Attempt, n. 1. koabisb; qaad; sai; jabad; 

iqdam. 2. attack, cbarbai ; bamla. [i-jurm. 
attempt to commit an offence, iqdam-i-irtikab- 
Attend, y. a. [Lat tendo, Skr. tan atretcb] 1. 

vfait on, hazir rabna ; kbidmat k.- ; chikri k. ; 

naukn k. ; mnlazmat k. 

2. be present with, satb y^ laga rabna. 
Attend, y. n. 1. gitfe heed, dbiyan d.; dil deni 

ya la^na; cbit, man, ya kan lagini; 

mutavajjab b. ; tavajjob k.; gaur k.; 

iltifat k. 2. wait, bazir rabna; dast4)a8ta 

kbara rabna ; muutazir rabni. 
attend to, dbiyan dena; libaz k.; iltifilt k. 
Attendnnoe, n.]»act of waiting, b&ziii; hizir4)i- 

sbL S. sernce, kbidmat ; naukri ; cbikri ; ta- 

hal ; seYa ; mulazmat; mul&smL 3. attendani, 

tabalva ; hazir-basb ; naukar (Attendant). 
attendance on the sick, bimar-dari ; limi&r-d&rl 
attendance regiHer, rajistar-i-htai ; naqsha4- 

bazr! o gaii>h&zri. 

average attendance, ansat bazii t [naukii. 

dose attendance, kbari cbakri; h&dr-^hi 1^ 

in attendance upon, b&zir-lMisbi k. ; bazir bisbl 
men rabiiE ; bam-rab rabni. 

irregular attendance, gande-dar bSzri. 

regular attendance, la^t&r bazri. 

sdiool attendance, hazri-i-madrasa. 

to dance attendance, alb pabar bazir rahni ; 
koltlh kH bail bauna ; nacbn&. 

Attendant, adj. ham-rab ; satbL 

Attendant, u. 1. a companion, sathi ; bamrabi 
bam-rakab ; naukar ; chakar ; mul&zim 
kbidmatgUr ; pancbbal& ; kbSdim ; dis 
picbb lagu ; pat-rau ; bazir-basb ; fdrakab 
daraau-gir. 2. one present, bazir ; bazir^b&sh. 

3. concomitant, ^tbi ; lagta. 

Attention, n. I, heed, dbiy&n; man; cbit; 

cbinta; surat; sucbeti; libaz; tavajjob; 

kbayal ; gaur. 2. courtesy, adar man ; io 

bbagat; adar satkar; tavajjob; iltifilt; 

khatir; kbatir-dari; riayat; mudar&t 
attention to a guest, meh man-na vazi( Atten tion, 2). 
draw aUention to, tavajjob dilana ; mutavajjah 

kama. [mutavajjah b. 

give or pay aUention to, dbiyan d. ; tavajjob k.; 
strict attention, gabra dbiyau ; takid-i-mazid ; 

takid-i-akid ; babut takld. 
Attentive, adj. cbetaut ; savadban ; dbiyan! ; 

suchet ; surta ; mutavajjah ; multafit 
Attentively, adv. dbiyau se; kau dbar-ke; 

surat, gaur, ya tavajjob se. 
A tenoate, v. a. [Lat. tenuis thin, Skr. tan 

stretch] patla k. ; raqiq k.; barb&ua; jan- 

tari men kheiicbna. 

To aitenuaU the blood. Kh&n patld h 

Attenuation, n. patla-pan ; riqqat. 
Attest, V. a. l.e«r/e/y, tasdiqk.; sahik.; dast- 
khat likhua. 2. bleb men d. ; gavahi dilvani. 
I Attestation, n. tasdiq ; shabadat. 




aiion of ike eaurty sahl aur mohr-i-adalat ; 
Lshi aur chh&p rilj-asthao. 
e aUesiatian, mahzar. 

9 adj. 1. shahr Athens k% ; suba Atlka 
2. ptwe^ kharil ; theth ; taksali ; shusta. 
urU, sarafat ; laU&t ; uuktah. 
I n. bala-kh&ua ; r&oti ; chaub&ra. 
e, D. lib&s ; pausLak ; kapfe. 
ad, part adj. [P. drdstah decked] &ras- 
I ; saja hua ; singra. 

ndSy D. [Lat. aptus fit, Skr. ap H. pa ob- 
i] thit ; dhaj& ; dhaj ; yam ; dhahg tarah ; 
laz; halat 

adinize, y. n. th&th ya yaza dikhan&. 
nej, Attorney at law, n. [Lat. iomare, H. 
Id to turD]inukht&r;(C'or.)tarni. [mukhtar. 
lie attorney f roukhtar-iadalat; kachabrika 
ejf general, n. sarkari vakil. 
orneyf mukht&ratan; mukhtar ki marifat. 
t/ attorney, inukhtar-i-kul ; mukhtar-i-am. 
, letter, or warrant of attorney, 

'.e attorney, khanagi mukhtar. 
ct, y. a. [Lat traho, Skr. kriah, H. hhench, , 
luuh draw,] 1. to draw to, khenchna; 
hua ; kashish k. 2. allure, man harnil ya 
i ; moh leni ; fareftah k. ; girvldah k. 
ction, n. 1. povoer of drawing, khinch&oj 
nch ; kashish ; &karshan. 2. pL charme, 
b&o; dil-kashi; dil-rubai; moh; fareftagi. 
Power of attraction, Khihek&o bal; zori-hasKUk, 
ctive, adj. khenchne-val^ ; lubhaCl ; man- 
ia; raan-mohan; dil-kash; dil-fareb. 
mtable, adj. mansilbi; nisbati. 
mte, y. a. [Lat. tribuere^ H. dend to give] 
istlb k.; lagan&; hav&lah k., dena, de- 
i&. [khilssa. 

nit6,n.gun ; bh&o ; sifat ; kh&siyat ; yasf ; 
mtion, n. lag&o ; nisbat 
Ion, D. ragnr ; ghisEo. 
e, V. a. sur rail&ni ; lae y& &v^ milina. 
H, adj. surkhi m&yal bhQr&. 
>n, n. uilam ; lilam. 
» room or hall, niUm-ghar. 
iy eold by auction, jaSdad nll&m-shndah. 
yld by auction, nilam meii bikua ; nilam h. 
ineer, n. nilam karne-vala; bo)ija; ni- 

ions, adj. 1. bold, diler; dil-chala. 
. insolent, gustakh; be-adab; shokh; 
iiar; ujad; be-lihaz. [khaua. 

iously, adv. be-bak; be-dhab; gusta- 
ionaness, Audacity, n. 1. boldness, jurat; 
ri. 2. impudence, gustakhi; shoki. 
le, adj. jo sunne men ae; sunne-jog; 
nkin-ul-sami, [parna; k&n parna. 

udiUe, y. n. sunai d. y& papia ; sun 
lille voice, baland-avaz; avaz jo sunai de. 
Ly, adv. hsiland &vaz se. 
[ice,n. 1. a AeartY^, bar-yabi; mul^zimat. 
. atidiVory, sunne-vale ; samain; hazirin. 

hall of audience, Imr-gah ; divan-i-Hm. 
private audience, darbar-i-khas ; nij-sabba. 
public audience, darbar-i-ara. 
Audience-chamber, n. divan-khana. 
Audit, V. a. partalna ; janchua ; hisab dekhna. 
audit of accounts, hisab kl jauch ; partal ; 

badr-uavIsL [aditar. 

audited bill, bil manzur ; bil-dast-khati sivil 
audit office, musahib k& daftar. 
Auditor, n. 1. a hearer, sunne- vala ; sama ; 

sarota. 2. one who audits, jaiichvaiya ; par- 

taliya; jachak; amin. 
Auditory, adj. sunne-jog ; sunne-vala. 
Auditory nerve. Sunne-vdli nas. 

Auditory, n. an audience. See Audience, 3. 
Au fut, adj. punl ; kamil ; ustad. 
Aug^r, n. barma. 
a pod auger, sapat barma. 
a screw auger, pech-dar barma. 
Auger-hole, n. 1. barme ka sarakh. 
2. narrow space, tang jagah. 

Aught, n. kuchh ; koi chiz ; kisi qadar. [tazad k. 
Augment, v. a. barhan& ; ziyadah k. ; mus- 
Augmentation, n. barhotri ; besbi ; izafa. 
Augmentative, n. (Gram.) afalo tafzil. 
Augur, n. sauniy^ ; peshln-go ; gaib-daii ; 

fal-go; agr-giy&ni; shnganiya. 
Augur, v. a. saun dekhn&, bichama, ya batlana; 

shugan batlUna ; gaib ki b3,t kahna ; agam 

kahn& ; peshin-goi k. 
Augur, v. n. shugfln ya ^1 lenE ; qajas k. ; 

f &1 dekhn& ; shugan 

Augury, n. 1 . prognostication, peshin-gol. 

2. an omen, saun ; shugun ; sugan ; fal. 
August, n. angrezi athuan mahma; Bh«adou. 
Aug^ust, adj. [Lat. augere, increase, Skr. agr, 

H. dge before] buzurg ; ali-shan ; azim-ul- 

shau ; ali-jah ; jalil-iil-qadr. 
Aunt, n. [Lat. amiia, H. mdtd mother] phQpi; 

{father's sister); khal§.; maosi (mothers sister), 
maternal aunt, mausi ; mass! ; khala. 
paternal aunt, phflpi ; phuaL ; bua. 
Aureate, adj. sunalira ; tiUi ; zarrin ; pur-zar. 
Auricle, n. (Anat,) dil ke khanon ke parde. 
Auricular, adj. 1. relating to the ear, kan-k& ; 

sunne ke mutaullaq. 

2. knoum by report, suui-hui ; kan-pari ; 

sam&L [se kiy^ ja^*. 

auricular confession, gunahon ka iqrar jo padri 
Auriferous, sidj. 7ar-khez; sone sc bhara. 
Aurist, n. kan ki bimarl ka ilaj kame-vala. 
Auspices, n. (pi.) pan&h; saran ; himayat. 
Auspicious, adj. subh ; mubarak; nek; ach- 

chha; muafiq; said. 

auspicious moment, subh ghari. 

auspicious star, subh lagan. 

Austere, adj. sakht ; tez; tund; bittar. 

Austerity, n. I. severity, sakhti ; tundi ; tezi 

2. pi. mortification, tapashya ; riyazat 
Austral, adj. dakhni ; junubl. 

A I . I 


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V • ■ V 

AuUibicii^rApher, n. [dr, ou^, Skr. ahttm Helf] 
iiHMtiiiiiiri tit/kuru-i-khud ; ap4)irtaut-li- 

kiii>ii; tii/iik-iiiLViH. 
Aiilubiography, n. ui/jnk ; apna tHzkuril jo liia 

ItiiViii iitci'i H|> likklu'. [ikiitiyari-bila-qaid. 
AtlUiuritGy, 11. khud nmklitari; iiiiitlnq-ul-inaiiT; 
Autourat, n. kliuil iiiiiklitar ya mutlaij-ul-in&n 

liiuliliiih ; iiialiai-iiji'i adhiraj. 
Autitcrutio, Autocratical, mlj. kluulmnkhtar; 

Miiiilhui ; mutlnqMil-iiiaii. 
Autograph, 11. upuo hath ka ]ikkha-hu& khat 

ya ki^a/. ; apiia hkkhn. 

Autogra\ih, uilj. ^alaiiii; da<ti; hath-ka. 
Autograiihic, Autographical, adj. apue liath 
ki likklia hua. [kanie-vala; :ia-chalta. 

Automatic, Automatical, adj. kiind h^inikat 
Automaton, ti. kltiid harakat karDe\-&Ir kal. 
Autoi&omou$. ailj. stiadhiu : klmd-otiikhrar 
Autonomy, u. :kht:y Ir-i-kiuid iutizaii.L [kliarif. 
AuCuuui. 11 I :.\i xr'.r^.</«. khi^u: patjhar; 

i.txzfil ; utar ; 

r iri. 

f.usi i 'rdiarif. 

«■ .-!«■ K « talk*.** ft ■ b BNi • • * «• 4« k « 

k!i- .1:1 . -ot"; iiir* : 'i:r!ii; a 

AufiUJUUJd. .ii\ '4 1 .:.i:.-i.l . ' har ka. 
i!k fi4ifc,'4 *■• . -.■ lU'* ■• *•'". '^a- '.: 

Auxiliary, iv!;. .:. i.i. .i . :.n; -rlr . ^oi'vak 

Ax\:LiX7. -. i. ,' - -* T(t..l^ ?.;.4a-*-.k : ruadad 

. . S .i^daiii £iuj 

.'• . .-. ^ ..\.- .^1 -vwk' jL'i:iiak 


V- i*. 


s » 

-» ■^. 

% .^« 

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Aftr* ▼. su [H. M speak] bayaa k.; kahnfl; 

barnaa k. 
Attnge, n. aiisat; bich ; bioh ki ras; madh; 

aariaarf ; pn?^; katn o besh. 
general average cr toUU, antKit-i-am ya kul, 
tirike on aiferagey ausiit nikaliia. 
j Mjiom OA average^ ausat nikal-kar. 
Attnge, adj. ausati ; mutavassit. 
amrage price, parta daiu ya mol ; madh mol ; 

l^h ilk mol ; mutavassit qimat. 
ATannflnty n. birtint ; bayan ; qaul ; izhar. 
Averse, adj. mukhalif; khilaf; birudh; bairi; 

rO-gardftu; terha. 

Areru alike to flatter or offend. Pope, [lurfrat, 

KkwAkkkuihdmadkhwdfibezdr karnd, aouah st 

Afendoiiy u. 1. repugnance^ nafmt; ghiu; 

karahijat ; ikr&h ; tanaffur. 2. contrariety of 

nature^ bair; birudb; ikhtilaf; mukh&lfat; 

luu^ $. object of aversion^ ghiu&ona; iiafrat* 

anges ahaS yi shakhs ; buii chiz. 

Pain their avertiot^ pleasure their desire. Pope. 
Dmkk 9t bair, nJch ki chdh. 
kmtt ▼. a. [Lat. ftertere, U. talnd to turn] 

diir k. ; hatana; mor d. ; phenia; tSJua; b&z 

nkfaii&; daft k. 

To avert the evil eye. NazarjKdrnd; utdrd utdrnd, 

knaxjf n. [Lat. avis, Skr. and eend vi a bird] 

krUitff n. lalach ; hire; tama; havas. [dhanda. 
AToeationy n. kara; uddam; pesba; shugal; 
iToidy V. a. parfaoz k. ; baclma ; kiu&ra k. ; baz 

rahoft; alagrahn&; Ul jatia; t&lam-tol k. ; 

hamr k. ; ijtioab k. ; gurez k. 
ofoid a diBirese, tadbir karni ki mal qurq na 

hone p&ve ; m&l ko qurq hone se baciiana. 
Q9oid exenftUon of decree^ ijrag digii se bachne 

kf tadbir k. ; digii ijra na hone den&. 
naid judgwteiU, n. digri ae bachne k& upae' k. ; 

tadbir kania ki faisU kilr-&mad na ho; 

fiuale ko kiur-amad na hone den&. 
to avoid pwUshnent, Baz& se baohne ke v&ste ; 

dand se bachne y& chhutne ko. 
Avoidablet adj. bachne-jog ; qabil-iparhez y& 

hasu* ; alag rakhne ke layaq. [bazar ; ijtin&b. 
AToidanoe, n. bachava ; parhoz ; kinai-ft-kashl ; 
ATOWy Avoiieh, v. a. [M. E. vourheny H. bachan 

speech, Skr. vad speak] bay an k. ; kahna; 

ATOwal, n. bay&n ; qaul ; izhar. 
ATowedlyy adv. s&f; khula khula; bar-mala. 
Await, T.a. [H. bat road] takna; rah ya rastah 

dckhiia ; asra takna ; bat dekhna ya johua ; 

intiz&r k. ; muntnzir rah Da. 
mwaii orderi^ hukm ya sudur-i-hnkm ke mun- 

tazir rahn& ; isd&r-i-hukm ka intizar k. 
Awake, Awaken, y. a. 1. rouse^ jagana; utha- 

oi ; bed&r k. 2. arouM, khabnr-d&r k. ; ho8hy- 

ir k. ; k&n kholn& ; &^h k. ; mutanabbah k. 
wide awake, jftgt& ; hoshiyar ; chaukas. 
Awaike^ ▼. n. 'figoJk; jSg uthn§.; bed&r h. 
Awaike^ adj. jigtil ; bed&r ; chaukanna ; suchet ; 

Award, v. a. digrI k. ; fatT& d., dilaiia, ya den&. 
Award, n. faisla; panch-fai^Ia ; digri. 
Aware, adj, a^h ; viiqif; chetan ; chaukas; 

Bucheta; khabardar; hushiyar; muttala. 
to be aware, v. n. muttala, agah, y& v&qif h. ; 

Away, odv. [G. toeg, Skr. t*ag to go, H. mdrg 

road] 1 . bahar ; bichhra hna ; gair-hftzir ; g&- 

yab; dur. 

Whither aioay so fast ? Aiii jaidi hakd^ f 
2. (In comp.) dena; dalua, [nthao ! 

away with him I dur karo ! lo chalo ! le j&o ! 
come awapy chala ana. 
do or make away idth, alag k. ; diir k. ; pare 

k. ; gum k. ; le urna ; mar daJna; le bhagna. 
^ve awayy dedalna; dedeua; dena; bakhshni^ 
go awapf chala jaiia. 

let us atvay, chalo ; chaliya 
throw away, dal dena. 

Away, iutj. [Ger. weg, S. vak, H. bag to go] 
hat ! hato ! hisht ; alag ho ! jao ! dur ho ! 

dur par ! chalo ! uttho ! pare ho ! 
Awe, n. [Dan. ave, Skr. bhae fear] dahshat ;. 

khauf; dar; raub; dh&k; haibat. 
Awe, v. a. darana; dahshat dikhaua; dhak 

bandhna ; sikka bithau&. 
stand in awe^ dan)& ; (labn§. ; dabao m&nna. 
strike with awe, dar dilana y& bithaiill. [in£nda. 
Aweary, adj. thak& huS.; ajiz; tniig; thaka 
Awe-inspiring, adj. ^araoua ; bhayanak; muhlb. 
Awe-stmclic, adj. dahla-hua; dahsluit-ssada. 
Awful, adj. daraoni; bhayaAkar; khauf-n&k; 

haul-iiak; muhib. 

An awful sound. Bhaydnak shahd ; mnMhStdz, 
Awliile, adv. chand roz ; kuohh der ya arse tak. 
Awkward, adj. [H. dr athwart] 1. clumsy, anarf; 

phuar ; kurh ; mflrakh ; ua-tarashidah ; be- 


2. ungraceful l)e-daul; be-dhanga; bad- 

vaza; bhoudQ; be-saliqa; be-tamiz; badaslub; 

ua-shaistii; na-maqill. 3. untoward, na-mu&dq ; 

terha; khilaf; a-subh ; ii&-mubarak. 
Awkwardly, adv. be-tarah ; be-dhnb ; buri tarah 

se ; be dhango-pane se ; phuar- pane se. 
Awkwardness, n. auaripana ; be-dhauga-pan ; 

phuar-pan; na-sh&istngi. [8(ij&. 

Awl, u, [Skr. drd, H. dr an awt\ sutari ; sua ; 
Awning, n. sh&miyanah ; pal ; tirpal ; s&eban ; 

uam-gira ; chaudoySl. 

Awry, [H. mor twist, ureb bias] tirchha ; terha; 
bonda;kaj; [kajrau; ore b van. 

Nothiug more atcry from the law of Ood and 
nature than tliat a woman shoaki give laws 
to men. MUUm, Ahlcdm-i-Kkud^o qanuu-i 
oudratmeii it m ziydilnh hoi shag itd-zebd iiahik 
kai ki aurat mardoh par huhnmat Irare. 
Az, Axe, n. kulhM; kuhati; basiUa; tabar; 

t&u^; teshH. 
Axil, Axilla, n. bagal. [par-ka. 

Axillar, Axillary, adj. 1. bagli. 2. (Bot.) dali 
Axiom, n. [Skr. aj to drive] ulum-i-mutarf& ; 
amar badlhi ; &p h! sach ; snam-sidh. 

Ajdomatic, Aziomatioal» acy. badihi; z&hir; 

prataksh. [dhura. 

AlXMy u. [Skr. aJMa axle, aj to drive] mahvar ; 
axis of Qu ceUsUal 9pher€^ akk&s ^role ki dhori. 
aids of the horitoUj uazar-ghere ki dhuri. 
Axle, Axle-tree, n. dhur&; dhuri; gol dandu 
Azle-boz, n. ftvan. 

Ay, Aye, adv. [A. S. yes, Mag. ge, H. Adii] 
1. hlik ; beshak ; ire ; bale ; albattah ; 

achohhi. 2. [Skr. dytZ age] every hameahah ; 

sadi ; nit ; mud&m. 
AiiiinitiL) n. [A. al-MinU] kon bich nazargheril 

aur chut! ; gbari ki uap. 
ofimuth circles, ohakkar jo cboti se pat&l tak 

nasar-ghere k&te. [lajvardi ; anaqL 

Ainre, adj. ftsmaDi ; abi ; iiil-gOn ; kabudi ; 
Aiure aky. Chmrkk-i-mVi. 
Asure nudxL Bokr^-nil-glA* 


Baa, ▼. n. [Ger. 6d, Fr. le sheep.] bhen bheu k. 
Babble, n. [U. bar bar, Skr. vak to speak] bak 

bak ; jbaK jhak ; bakvis; yiTigoL 
Babble, v. n. 1. praiiUy bachche ki tarah bol- 

Da; huu hi& k. 2. talk idly, baku&; bafbari- 

dI; baf rnirni; bank&mi. S. tdl secreiiy 

pet ki l^t kahni; bhed kholna; bhed lihir 

K. ; dil ki bat bat&iOL [jhakki ; bakTisiyi. 
Babbler, d. bakvadi ; bakyisi ; bakki ; gappi ; 
Babbling, n. bakvis ; bakvid. 
Babe, Baby, n [Skr. wats young of animals, H. 

babrd a child] dodh pita ya god-ka bacbcha ; 

shir-khora ; bacbchi ; babik ; tifl ; chhamasra. 
bobisi t» cn^s eyes, anJLhon ki putli; mardu- 


She diiDg'about his neck, gmve him ten kives, [mmi. 

Toyfd with hu locks, looked babiei in hia ejet. Htg- 
OaU $e Upat utki das baUn tVu 
Kkmnk zm^fy dkkkak m dkHtk mlttk. 

Baby-furming, n. bachche ki khufva panrarish. 

Baboon, n. langQr ; bandar ki ek jati. 

Babyhood, n. bach-pan ; bal-pan ; tiffi : khurdL 

Babyhoose, n.guriTon ka il^ t& ghar. [chiballa. 

Babyish, adj. baohchon kl tanth ; chulbula ; 

Bacchanal, Bacchant, n. [H. bKaikg a drug] 
bhangar; bhangijangi; mafi-panist; nmd- 
priya. [rang-mljan. 

Bacchanalia, n. pi. nashel^azon ka jumgliata ; 

Bachelor, n. [Skr. rack speak.] 1. KJiM'imVi 
Mcct, kuira ; anbyaha ; nakat-khuda ; mukhlis 
(Europeans). 2.qr ari«, B.A. ; faxil. 

Bachelonhip* n. kuir-pan; nakadkhndai ; 
muklilisi (Europeans). 

Back, u. 1. o/tke bod^y upper wide, pith; pnsht. 

The imtk and the heUj had ererr one biuj. 

PiDT. TdpHpit kl idrme mbj^ hmr kart, 

2. of the head, y:uddL 3. rmr, pichha; 

pichbTiim; pichhari; aqab. 4. of a boot, 

puahta. [ojhal ; pas-i-pardah. 

beiitki ONcf » ba^kj pith piehbe ; pichhe ; ankh- 

gtve back, pber d. ; ulta d. ; lilpis d., yi k. 
keep back, rok, ya d&b rakhn& ; pIcUie rahidi, 

ya rah j&n& ; baz rakhna. 
OHt^s back being up, gusse men bharft^huft. 
OH oTU^e bcu^, chit ; charoi& shine chit. 
turn ow^a back, 1. pith d., y& dikh&ni. 

2. (on one) mtlnh pher leiUU 
Back, V. u. 1 . ^ backward, hatn&; pichhe hat- 

n&; ulte paon, ya qadam phimS. hjih^ afni. 
back out, mQnh morna ; bachan himft ; qiaol 

ya bat se phima ; pichhe batni. 
Back ,v. a. 1. mount, charhiA; savir h. 

2. strengthen, back up, sah&rft d. ; madad 
d. ; mazbGt k. ; taid k. 3. furnish a book with 
a bark, pushta charhin&. [tahrfr-i-iohri k. 

back a warrant, parwaneh ki pusht par likhni; 
Back, adv. 1. reversing one's steps, ulte-pioA; 

ulta. t, backwards, pichhe; picbhli taraf; 

pichhva;^ 3. in return, badle men ; evas 

men. 4. again, pbir ; du-bara ; mukairar. 
Backbite, v.a. pith pichhe bura kahna;badgol 

ya niuda k. ; chugli khaua ;'|pbat k. ; bigonl. 
Backbiter, n. nindak; buraiyi; chugal-khor. 
Backbiting, n. chugli; chugal-khoii; g^bat; 

Backbone, n. rirh ki haddi ; kamar kl bids. 

Backdoor, n. chor-khirki (wicket) ; cbor4arfid^ 
The backdoor robbeth the hooM. Pkor. 

Ckor-kkirki ghar kd nSt, Pkvr. 

A nice wife and a backdoor do oAen maks a 
rich man poor. Ptot. fkkmSr. 

Sundar ndr amr ekordmdr, dhamodk. ho hank 
Backer, n. madad-gar; puth-Til; him&yati; 

h&ml; ari; pusht-panah; pushti-ban. 

Backgammon, u. takhta-i-nard ; nard ka takbti. 

Background, Backyard, n. picbbvira ; pichhe 

ka sahan ; pdn-gah [(V^^Sf)* 

Backhouse, n. pichhvare; paikh&na; tatti 

Backroom, n. picbhla kamra. 

Backside, n. cbutar ; suriu. [harif h. 

Backslide, t. n. phir jaua ; bigar jana ; mun- 

Backstairs, n. chor-sirhi ; chor-ziui. [ki zariji. 

i baek4dairs influence, khangi-Tasila ; ghar, yi bi?i 

Backward, adj. I. bthind in time or progrtsi, 

pichhe; phisadiii; akhir. 2. slow, sust; 

kahil. 5. unwilling, naraz ; be-man ; bad-dil 

Backward, adv. (opp. offorteartL) pichhe ; ulte. 

Backwardness, n. 1. unteHlingHess, bad-dili; ni- 

razgi. 2. slotmeas, susti ; dhiL 

3. being behind, pichhe h., ya rahna. 
Backwards, n. ulta ; ulW-pi'jn ; pas^A. 
Bacon, n. [Ger. backer a wild boar, Skr. rdrdh] 

! sQar ka namkiu gosht. [bach jani. 

to MJr one's bicon, %pni jin. \i izzat bacbaua; 
. Bad, adj. [Ger. bOte, P. bad, H. bnrd, Skr. pad, 
H. par fall]. 

1. good-jor-noihimg^ nikhad ; nikamma ; 
kisi kam ki nahin : kharab ; ui-kiii. 

Bad U a bad aerrant* but 'tis worM to be withoat 
him.Pn>T.^ni »amkar bmrd^bimd bare ms se bard, 

2. deftfctirey kachcha : adhOri ; khim ; 
niqis ; ua-tamim. 3. corrrHf4y bigra-hui ; 




khoUl ; fasid. 4. perninous, dukfa-dai j takllf- 
dihaudah. 5. unfortunate^ tnanhQs; kam- 
bakht; bad-bakht; be-nasib. 

Btid luck often brings good luck. Prov. 

6. vidout, bur& ; durjau ; bad ; raggi ; 
aibi; aib-d&r. 7. contrary to reason or law, 
khil&f-i-q&nQn ; na-rav& ; n&-jayaz ; nSrdu- 
nist. 8. {In Comp,) ku ; ka ; <», ku-karm a 
wicked deed; ka-pQt a had son, [oha ; gtindft. j 

a had charaeUrf bad-maaah ; shohdab ; lucb- 

a had hand <U, anap ; angbar. 

a^orf^ nikamm^yakhoUHdmi. [kbusbk-s&li. 

atodymr, bur&sama; khar&b fasal y& sakh; 

bad heimg the hest^ nabot mea bur& bbi bbal&. 

h%i Urnes^ bore diu ; kboti gbq^i. 

Bidce» n. l.niabUn; uisbani; cbinh; alarnat. 
Sweet mercy is Dobility's true badge. Shak, 
Bakm tkarifat kl nUh&td hai. 
S. cbb&p ; mohar. 

hetdge of a peon, cbapr&s ; patU ; partaU. 

hadgt of nobility^ turrab ; kalgi. [i-gulamt. 

hddge of slavery^ jbinji kauri; balqS; tauq- 

Ba^^9 n. bijjQ. 

Bailhiage, n. tliatta ; bans! ; makbaul ; maz&q ; 
dil-lagi ; maskbara-pau ; tamaskbur. 

Badly, adv. 1. unskilfully^ angbar-pan se; 
aDifi-pane se. 2. severely , buri tarab se ; 
ahiddat, ya sakbti se. 

Badmwii n. 1. vice, bur&i ; bad!. 2. wickedness^ 
had'Aii; kbu^i; kbotk-pan. 

BafllSy y. a. 1. bahfc&na ; dlioka denS ya patti 
piqrb&na. 2. topi& ; baiilaa ; mat k. ; akilrat k. 

Bag, n. [A. S. hoslg. hcelig, U. bord.] 

1. tbaill; tbaili; bora; palla; ki<ia. 
2. {in shooting) kbalta. 

He made a good bag, Aehckhd skikdr mdrd. 
bag of musk, n&f&; mirg-n&bb. 
a hag of eloihes, j&md&n! ; buqcbab. 
a waterman's bixg, pakbal ; masbk. 
biUtoek bag, gon ; gQn ; lad. 
addle bag, kburjt ; sbalfta; bogband. 
Big, V. a. 1. put in a bag, tbaili men bbama, 
lakbna, yS band k. 

2. shoot, mai>ke abikar k. ; mama. 
He bagged a bird. Ek chiriyd m&ri. 

Big, ▼. n. pbOlni ; ubbama. 

Baggage, n. 1 . luggage, asb&b ; cbiz-bast ; derSU 

dflJida ; dei'a-kbem&. 

2.* a worthless woman, pbuar; allama. 
bag and baggage, badbna boriya ; kb&t kbatola. 
Bagpipe, n. pfing!; bin. 
Bafl, a. 1. security, zamni; zamanat; kafalat; 

binbL 2. surety, zamin ; kafll. 

3. handle, dasta ; batti ; batt& ; mutb. 

4. (f« cricket), gulli ; gilli. 
lailfor good conduct, fel-zamoL 
giwe or statid bail, z&min, y& kafil b. 
peetmiary hail, m&l-almn!. [kar h. 
to gim leg bail, bb&g j&d& ; iarar b. ; rafQcbak- 
Bai]» T. a. 1. gvfs haU, zamni, ya zamanat d. 

2, admit to bcUl, muchalka lena; zUraui, 

ya zamanat par chborna, ya riha kama; 

zamni manzflr, ya qubal k. 
Bailable, adj. laiq-i-zamui ; qahil-i-zamauat. 
Bail bond, personal bail, n. bazir-zamui. 
Bailiff n. nazir ; girift&r-kuuiudab ; piyadab-i- 

nazir ; {Bng. ) sbarif. 
Bait, n. I. (to allure fish), cb&ra ; dan&. [zahr hai. 
The bait hides the hook. Pruv. Shakad ke niche 
2. enticement, lalacb ; lobb ; lubhao ; hirs ; 

tama. [men lan&. 

Bait, V. a. obara la^na; jal pbailaua; dam 
Baize, n. mot! banat. 
Bake, v. a. [A. S. bacan, 0, H. Ger. pcuihan, 

Slav, peku, Skr. pach, H. pak] 

1. cook, pakana; pona; kama; ban^a; 
tanddr men pakana. 2. harden by heat, suk- 
bana ; sakbt k. ; pajaw& cbarhau&. 

Baked, adj. tandUr ka pakka. 
baked meat, haudi kab&b. 
Baker, n. roti-vaia; nan-bm. 
Balance, n. I. a pair of scales, tarazti ; narja ; 
kai&ta; tak; takbrl. 

The balance distinguishes Dot between gold and 
lead. Prov. Tardzamen»ond$i9daabbardbar, 

2. equipoise, bam-vazui ; barabri. 

3. surplus weight, barbti ; faziL 

4. remainder, baqi ; zar-i-baqi ; vasil-baqi ; 
bacha-kucba; ralia-saba; nikalt&-bQa. 

5.(Ast,) Librae tula; mizan. 

6. {balance wheel), cbal-tbik cbakkac 

balance against one, b&qi-ba-zimme-i-falan. 

balance has arisen, baqi pari. 

balance in favour of one, b&qi falane kL 

balance lies over, baqi cbali &tl bai. 

balance of an account, baqi ; kbate baqi ; bacbat. 

balance of former years, l^i-sanvat. 

balance of trade, &mad aur kburi\j ki fard. 

balance payable, baqi-ada ; baqi daiu ; dena. 

balance receivable, zar-i-yaftani ; pani ; lena. 

balance sheet, pakka chittb& ; fard-i-baqaiya. 

balance struck, bisab ki baqi ; cbukta baqL 

demands,coUections, and balances, jam& vasilbaqi. 

inefficient balance, takbmiaa baqi. 

irrecoverable balance, batte y& gal kbate. [baqi. 

nominal balance, baqi bara^ n&m ; n&m-cfa^r ko 

old balance, picbbla baqi ; baqi qadim. 

one who owes a balance, baqi-dar ; den-dar, 

outstanding balance, zar-i-baqi ; pana. 

rough balance sheet, kacbcba cbittba. 

settle or discharge a balance, cbukana; lekbft 
ebukaua, y& pfUH k. ; baqi, ya bi^b cbuka- 
na ; biaab bebaq k. ; bis&b pilk k. 

trial balance sheet, cbittba babi. 

undisputed balance, la-kalam baqi, G. G. 

Balance, v. a. 1. vfdgh in a balance, tolna; 
dbanl utbana ; jancbnE ; vazan k. ; and&za k. 
2. counterpoise, pftsang k. ; dbanl k. ; paire 
barabar k. ; barabJEur k. 3. adjust, cbukta k. 

balance an account, {the hooks), bidb milana; 
baqi nik&lnil. 

Balcony, n. [Per. hdldkhd$ia\ Fr. haleon; H. 

bdrjd] ek qism k& bar&fida; barja; bar- 

Bald, adj. [Sp. t Pg. baldo bare or haldor to 

cripple, W. moelf Arm. mow^, €rael. Jt Ir. 

moo/, H. nmn^^ bald, Lith. 6a/u to be white, 

H. Mu sand]. 1. hairless, gauj&; kal. 

B4Ud heads are soon shaveo. Prov. Oct^fd sir 
jaldl muHdjdtd, kai. 

2. uneoveredf sar-imftgfL ; birahni. 

3. uMtdomedy phika ; sada ; biua-gahne. 
A bald Btyle. Beras, pklkl, yd belutf ibdroL 

Balderdaah) n. wahiy&t ; muzkhurafilt 
Paldness, n. 1. want of hairy ganj ; b&lkhOr&. 
2. {of «<^/^),rQkb&-pan ; rOfh&pan ; be-lutfl 
Baldpate, u. ganji khopri ; ganja sir. 
Bale, V. {water) ulichua ; ulachna ; ubachn&. 
Bale, n. [Low. Lat. bula, H. bor6\ giithri ; gaoth ; 
gattha; mutbn; tbail&; bonIL 
A bale of cotton. Mul kd gaddd, 

Balefol, adj. bin a ; bad ; sabClu ; muzir. 
Balk, V. a. brithft k. ; be-kar k. ; bifir&rii&. 
Ball, u. [Skr. bilva, H. gold, batld a ball] 
l.globe,go\2L; go1i;piud&; girda; kurah. 

2. If or jD^y) gend. 

3. {of the eye.) aiikh k& dhelft. [nnch. 

4. [Lat. hallare to dance] danee, Angrez! 
ball and socket joints konl. [{Cor^ ril. 
hall of thready &at k& gola ; gola ; pechak ; 
to have the hall vnder one's feet, 

hkz\ hath men hon&. [panwfira ; ala. 

Ballad, u. [Skr. M, H. W speak] s&kh&; kariia; 
Ballad-singer, n.^'panvanja ; karkait. 
Ballast, u. bojh bhar ; n>ra ; loh& lakkar. 
Ballet, 11. paryou ka nSch ya jh&fiki jis men 

qisse k& rQp, aur u&cli, aiir bb&o dikhaya 

jatil hai ; nihas. 
Ballister, n. kat ihni ; kangfln. 
Balloon, u. [Sp. halon, H. hydl wiud, gold ball] 

gub&ra ; havai-burj. 
Ballot, n. dar-jmrdah ra(; ; poshida-nie. 
Ballroom, n. tiach ka kamra ; niicli-ghar. 
Balm, II. ointment, marhani {Com. inallnm). 
Balmy, adj. \. soothing, sital ; thanda ; sukh- 

d&i; taskiu-bakhsh. 2,. fragrant, muattar; 

sondha; siigaiuihit; khushba-dar ; inahak-dar. 
Balsam, u. 1. the plant, balsan; gulinaiiidi. 
2. an um'tnous application, mugaiii -balsan ; 

marbam; tila. 
Balustrade, n. katuhra; l)ar; jaiigla. 
Bamboo, n. baus. 

hamboo-s putter ^ ii. baiis-phor. [shir. 

bmnboo sugar or nunina, n. bana-lochan ; taba- 
hanifyoo tooi'k, n. thatar ; jafri. 
Bamboozle, t. a. bulla, yadain jhauuM d. [kela. 
Banana, n. kelE ; cbanipli, martabain, ya chin! 
Band, n. [A. S. bindan, Skr. bandJt, P. band, U. 

bdndh^ 1 . tie, band ; bandhan. 

2. a company, jriroh ; gol ; mandii ; jatha ; 

para ; jamaat ; firqa. [vali. 

band master, (Cor.) Imi-mastar ; baj& sikhane- 

band of daeoiis, dakuon kl dhSr ; qaz»qo£i k& 

band of musicians, ta€f)& ; bije-v&Ie. 
hatfd of soldiers, sip&Iiion ka par&. 
Band, v. a. para b&ndhna ; ikhatt& k. 
Bandage, n. patti; band. 
Bandage, v. a. patti, y& band l^iidhni. 
Bandbox, n. j&md&ui ; pit&ri. 
Bandiooot, n. gliHi^ [r& ; rah>zan ; qaszSq. 
Bandit, pi. Banditti, n. dakQ ; bat-m&r ; lute- 
Bandy, v. a. 1. beat to and fro, idhar se udhar 

phenkna; ek se dtlsre par m&m&. 

2. gite and take, rad o badal k. 

3. toss about, cbaroha k. ; zab&n par lanft. 
to bandy words with, takrlr k. ; hujjat k.; bahs k. 
Bandy-leg, u. phiiil-haa paon ; terfaa, y& mura 

Bane, n. [A. S. bana, H. bii\ds destruction.] 

1. poison, bis; bikb ; zahr; sam. 

2. calamity y bipta; bitha; bala; afat; 
musibat; bipat. IHtfUn. 

Monev, thou hoM of blis8, and source of woe. 
Zmr, khu^i hd foAoi*, our ranjok Id jar. 
Baneful, adj. muzir; qatil; mohlik; ghatik. 
Bang, [H. bhang break] thokna ; m&mi ; pTtna. 
Bang, n. dhamak&; dbtia; kharka; khatki. 
Bangle, n. kara ; kail ; chdr!. ' [soth. 

Banian, ti. baniyk ; mah&jan ; sahOkar ; sarr&f ; 
B an is h , v. a. 1. drive avmy, ddr k.; nikaln&; 

b&har k. 2. exile, dcs-nik&lH d. ; shahr-badar 

k. ; jala-vatau k. 

3. transport beyond the seas, kale pinl 
bhejua; ubflrdaryag sliork. ; dip-antar k. 

Banish bunint^as, banish sorrow. 
To the ffodH belongs tomorrow. Cmclty. 

Chkor ahamldy alag gam kar, 
Kal kd malik hai Panmeihar, 
Banishment, u. des-uikala; ban-bas; jala-watani 
banishment for life, jalavatuf-i-umri; jauam 

bhar-ka des-uikahl. 
Bank, Banking-firm, u. 1. heap, dher; toda; 
ambar ; band ; pushtah. 

A bank of clouds. Dal hddal. 
2. {of a river) kinara; tir; tat; kara^; 
lab; sahil. 3. (for money) bank; basua; 
saiTafa; kothi. 
Bank, v. a. I, enclose with bank^, baud ha.\idhnK; 
pushte-baudi k. 2. keef? accounts with, bisab 
kitab rakhna ; rupaya jama k. ; Icn den k., 
ya rakhua. [«"qqa; {Cor.) chik 

Bank-bill, w. sarrafi chittbl; liiuidi; tip; 
Bank-credit, n. dharor ; aniauat. 
Banker, n. sarrilf; sahtikar; sab; kothi-w&L 
the ctyrpe/ 09i which a banker sits, 

saliukail g;iddi, tat, ya tappar. 
village banker, bauhra ; bobra ; sab ; s&hQkar. 
Banking, n. sahQ-kara ; sarrafa ; dhan-beobar. 
banking system, sahQkarl rit ; beohar rft. [ka. 
Bank-note, n. (E.) nut; {Cor.) lot ; kagazi sik- 
Bankmpt, n. <k adj. divaliya; tat-pQiijiya. 
Bankruptcy, n. divala. ' [yl tet ulatnL 

to declare bankruptcy, diyala nik&lna ; tappaf, 




Bimk-ctoek, n. kothi k& sarmaja, jami, yft 

pftnji ; ba&k, j& kothi ki pattl, y& hissi, 
BuBer, u. [U. pAof flutter, 6dikiA biudj jhauda; 

jhaiMfi; bioUi; pharair&; dhaja; uuihau* 
BaililaBj n. (Cor.) baulau ; kurUL 
BasBoek, n chapatL 

BttUUy u, pL dauudi ; ishtehar ; ol&n. [i-ehahi 
BmqiMit, n. jaun&r ; jimaii-var ; jag ; siyafat- 
BaaqttBt hall or house, n. jaunar-bhavau. 
BaBt«r» u. tbatta; thathol; ohhe|^ oUhar; 

tamaskhur ; maskhari. 
BaBtOTy V. a. thatta k. ; clihqfn& ; chhef -kbanl 

k. ; chhei* k. ; baiisi k. ; dil-lagi k. 
Baatlhigi u. bachQngpL ; phdusri ; chhichp&. 
n. istibag ; (Cor.) baptisma. 
VL istibagi [Mldri ya chela. 
V. a. iatibag d. ; kiristaii k. ; baptiama d. 
; n. [ti. baUi a pole, bar bar] I. of nutalf 
taiakh ; aikh ; sikhcha ; sarya, 2. {across a 
door igal; billi. 3. a counter^ takhta; mez. 

4. 6arr»8r, baf ; rok; ar. b.bodyofharrti' 
(erWf kid kauusii ; jumla vukala. [hoL 

He 18 reading for the bar, Woh qSnUn parkLd 
^.exeepUoHt baudi; barjit; istisuft; mu- 
manaat. [i-roud&ni. 

perpetual bar, sada a^ ; d&iSmi-insidad ; istisiia 
tpeeial bar, istisaa^-khas. 
temporary bar, iusidad-i-chand-roza. 
Bar, Y. a. 1. shut, band k. ; mundna ; bill!, 
igal, y& ball! lagaua. 2. exclude, kh&rij k. ; 
istisiia k. ; bahar k. ; nikalna. 

S.prohibU, barajna ; maua k. 4. object, eter. 
az k. ; motariz h. 5. obstruct, rokua ; afSaik, 
Inrred (a suit) mamnQ-ul-sainaat 
barred by the law of limitation, 

qanQn-i-had-i-sama<it ariz hai, 
barred temporarily, mtv^dud chaud-rozah. 
Of barred^ ba-vajoh nmninQ-ul-saiuaat. 
daim barred, davac masdQd. 
Barh. II. khar; kaiita; aiiknU [rakshaa. 

Barbarian, n. vahshi ; bhil ; malechh ; umleksh ; 

Proud Greece all UAtiuns else harbiuriant held. 
Dfnham. [iamajhtt the. 

YQndni abhlminl aur tab logon ho Jan*fii 
Barbarian, adj. vahsln; jangli; jahil; akkhnr. 
Barbariim, Barharonsness, Barbarity, il 1. 
wiHt of UamiiMg, vah^hat ; jah&lat. 2. ^k- 
tality, vahshat-pana ; hn^vatiiyat. 3. of Ian- 
gun^, akkhar; karl, yatakn&l bahar boll. 
Btfbarons, adj. I. savage, vahshi. 

2. cm^/, be-rahm ; uir-dai; saug-dil; ka- 
tbor; vahshiyaua. 
Birbaronsly, adv. be-mhmi se ; buii tarah se. 
Barbed, adj. ankre-dar; khar-dar. 
Barber, n. uai; nau; navva; usta; napith; 

nipi; hajjUm; khalifa. 

The 6ar6er leama by shaving fools. Prov. 

SVtkeyd iiAl kd, kaiegd bat&IL hd. Prov. 

B a t beiii ae, n. zarishk.' 
Burber-snrgeon, n.jarriUi; fassad. 
Barber-asrgery n. jarrahL 
Bttbatte, n. damdama. 

Barbiean, garh-gaj ; fJE^il k& buij. [rautrib. 

Bard, 11. [H'bhm, Skr.b/ulshd speech] bli&t; 

Bara, acy. 1. naked. naiig& ; barahiia ; uryah. 

As bare as the palm of my hand. Nauffd kof-i-doit, 

2. uncovered {from respect) sir uun^ (6are- 

headed) ; nange-paou (bare-foot), [Prov. 

iKare- footed men mu^t not g^ among thormi. 
Nahff'paird kjfoh chutt kdhtnk he hlch t 

3. unadorned, be-<;ahiie *y& zevar; sada; 
naiigi. 4. destitute, be-kauifi patse; garfb 
muflis; be-nava. 5. mere, sirf; khali; faqat. 

6. threadbare, ghis&huil ; rua& uril hua. 
Bare words buy no barley. Prov. 

Kkdii bdtok hdm nakUk ckalid. Prov. 

bare ground, kh^li zamin; bhdn; khali dhartl. 
bare of leaves, pat-jhara; thunt ; luud-muud. 
under bare sails, be-ma^tQl. 
Bare, v. a, naiigft y& ughara k. ; barahna k. 
Barebone, n. haddiyon ki ro&li ; pinjar. 
Barefaced, adj. 1. not masked, khule-munh; 

muiih-ughare ; be-ghOngat ya burqe. 

2. shameless, Di-lajj& ; be-sharm ; be-haya ; 

Barefacedly, adv. be-hayai, be-sharmi, ya be- 

gairati se. 
Barefacedness, n. ni)ajja-pan ; nili^tft ; be-hayai; 

be-sharmi ; be-gaira tL [p&. 

Barefoot, adj. nan;^ pairou, y& p&on ; barahii&: 
Bareheaded, adj. naiige sir; sir-khule; mtlfid 

bakhere yil phik&re. 

Barelegged, adv. nangi tangcii ; nangi tai&g. 

Barely, adv. l.sirf; faqat; keval;nir&; kluili. 

2. muuhkil se. 

You have bardy time to reach the station. 
Shdjfod Ml i$ arte meh ijftf$han tak paM^cko. 
They have barely bread' tu eat. 
Unheh roil bki muihkil sejufU kaL 

Bareness, n. 1. nakedness, birahnagi ; uryaui ; 
Danga-|)an. 2. poverty, kaugali ; giu'ibi ; luuf- 
lisi; taiig-ilasti. 
Bareribbed, adj. pinjar; lakp; tinka; sQkatya. 
Bargain, u. 1. contract, bat-chit; muamla; ba- 
chuu ; qaul-qarar ; ahd u paiuiau. 2. a Jieap 
lot, achchha tjauda ; ot ; kifayat ; faedah. 
On a good barjaia tliink twioe. 
Suttd taudd 8och-ke fo / 

{SaHl bhfr kitd>\a tithd uthdlee delhU halii.Vrov.) 
bargain mttde, sauda ban gaya, ya pat gaya; 

bat thair gai ; mii&mla pQri hua. 
a bad bargain, totdl; khisara; kiusar. 

a good bargain, sasta ; arz&ii. 

Ho got a good tHirgdin. Aehrhhd sattdd band ; 
8a$idt yd ot te niUd; manddhdtk lagd, [men. 
into tlic bargain, rdkaii, ya InbhAo men ; muft 
make the best of a bad bargain, 
gale pare ki nibhana (saud&). 

Oalt pari, lufide ndk. Prov. The drum hung 
from your neck you play on must. 
private bargain, gharelu len-den; kharld farokht- 

i-khaugi ; qarar-dad-i-bahanii. 
strike a bargain, chuka leua; chnkta k. ; pak- 
ka nmanilah k. [ya nchat gaya. 

t/kc bcugain is off, sauda iiahiu baua, nahin i^atTi, 

to conclude a bargain^ mftmli pak&D& y& pakk 

k. ; 8aud& ohuk&ui. 
Bargain, v. n. mol k., ya thair&n& ; ohuk&nft. 
bargcUnandaale, becb&-khochI ; kbaiid farokht ; 

b^' o sbarft. 
Barge, n. [H. bajrd,] 1. pleasure boat, bajri; 

uiv&r&; mor-pbaiik!. 

2. cargo boat, asbab yil m&l ki n&o. 
Bargeman, n. mall&b ; kbevaiyi. 
Bark, u. [Icel. bdrkr, Skr. balkal, H. bakkal] 

1. (of a tree) cbhUl ; bakkal ; chhilka ; post. 

2. [Icel. barki throat, Skr. bhdsh, KMiauAk- 
nd] (a dog's) bhaufi bhaui^; hauA haiin; 
bhuufik; bhQus. 3. a small ship, cbhotH 
jah&z; safiuft. [ut&mk. 

Biurk, V. a. bakkal, y& chhal ut&rnft; post 
Bark, y. n. bbaimkna ; bhQii8n&; bhaun bbaui& k. 

Barhina dogs seldom bite. Prov. 

BkauukU haih so hdthU nahlh. 

Barley, n. jau ; Java. 
barley land, jau-nar ; jau-bham, 
barley sugar, daDd&u-misrf. 
barley-water, &sh jau ; jau ka p&ni. 
green barley, hare jau ; khud ; khaw!d« 
j^earl barley, jau kl girl ; gh&t. 
pot barley, chha^-hu& jau. 
Barley-beer, n. jau kl sharab; bazab. 
Barley-cake, n. jau ki rotL 
Barley-corn, {the site of a) jau-bar&bar ; til bhar. 
Barley-meal, n. jau ka at&. 
Barley-mow, n. khaljan ; khirman ; pair. 
Barley-sick, n. raatvala;- mad-hosh. 
Barm, n. khamir. [mug-bacbi. 

Bar-maid, n. sharab-khane kl tahlni ; saqan ; 
Barn, u. khalyan; kliatta; kothft; bhandar; 
aml)ar; khirman. 

Barnacle, n. 1. sip k! machhll. 2. ainak. 

Barometer, n. hav3-nap ; niiqy&s-ul-hava. 

Baron, n. thakur; taalhiqe-dar; navvab. 

Baronage, n. nmara, ; arakin. 

Baroness, n. th&kuraui; thukraul; bcgara. 

Baronet, n. chhoti navvab. 

Barony, n. taalluqa; jaglr. 

Barouche, n. char pah!)' on kl khull gborS. gad. 

Barrack, u. ((7or.).barag; fauj! gorou kikoth* 

Barrator, n. muqadme-saz. 
Barrel, n. 1. a wooden vessel, pipa. 

A barrel of gunpowder. BdrHd hd plpd, 

2. (of a gun) nal ; uM ; nalL 

A doubled barrelled gun. Dii-ndU bandUq. 

3. {of a drum), khol ; khoki-a. 

4. cylinder, bolan ; daud&. 

Barrel-bellied, adj. pakhalpetya ; tondal ; pcto. 

Barren, n. [Fr. brelumge, H. bat^far] banjar 
zamin ; bnQf ki dharti; Qsar dharti. 

Barren, adj. 1 . not prolific a-phal ; nis-phal ; 
be-bar; la-htoil. 2, sterile (land), \isAr ', ban- 
jar; bhflr; kallar; loni; nonlli; gair-mun- 
kiu-ulzaraat ; {a woman), banjh ; aqiiiiah. 
A blnak and barren wiiutc. Kaf-idast tnaiddn. 

3. scanty, kam ; kh&li ; tbo^. 

4. dull, kund; be-hazz. 
a barren cow, baiia. 

a barren plain, pat-paf maid&n. Fpusbta. 

Barricade, n. kachcbi morcbil-bandi ; kachcha 
Barricade, v. a. naka-bandl k. ; rok t<ik k. 
Barrier, n. See Bar, 4. [sili rakll. 

Barrister, Barrister-at-law, n. kaunsili ; kaui&- 
Barrow, u. hath-g&fi ; thela. [badala. 

Barter, iL adlSrhaidia ; badlal; her&pherl; mu- 
Barter, v. a. adla-badla k. 
Bartisan, n. ohhajja.; kangOril; adgrezidhafig 

kS. katigUr^ 
Barytone, n. (Mus.) gahri-^w&z ; bhftri sur. 
Base, adj. 1. itiuvgs) heoh; pQch; nikammi; 

u&-chiz. 2. (jmrsons) Unmlnah ; pAji; sifl&; 

dan ; arzal. 3. of low station, nich ; adna. 4. 

bueborn, chboti z&t-k& ; harilmi ; baram-zada; 

har&mi-pilla; bad-asal; kam-asal; bad-s&t. 
b. (metal or alloy) khoU; mil&o-k&; ninsi. 
BaiCf n. [0. H. bais, H. bai^i sit down.] 

1. bottom, peAdi; tal&; talahti. 
*L/oundfition, nlu; neo; bunyad; binft. 

3. pedestal, p&y& ; kursi. 

4. {Geom.) nia; &dbar bhflmi; q&^ah. 

5. (Chem,) jo chiz tez&b se mil-ke uamak 
si ban jati hai, jaise sajjl ek tez&b se mil-ke 
naraak si ban j&ti hai. 

Base-bom, adj. 1. bom out of wedlock, har&mT; 

haram-z&dfil ; ku-mflt ; har&m ka jauft ; baran- 

shankar. 2. of low parentage, uicb ; nicb-z&t; 

ghatiyal; kam-zHt; kam-asl. 
Base-ndnded, adj. kamliii; sifla; ochha; thu|;- 

dila; siflamizaj. 
Baseless, adj. be-bunyad ; be-asl ; jiska sir na 

paoii; be-tuki; be-par-ki. 
Basely, adv. na-l&iqi, daga-bazi, ya na-mardi se. 
Basement, n. I, foundation, bunyad. Sec Base, 2. 

2. louder story, niche ka makan ya manziL 
Baseness, n. I, meanness, kamitia-pan; rizal- 

pan ; pajl-pan. 2. of metals, khota-pan ; uir^a- 

pan. 3. bastardy, hararu. 
Bashful, adj. 1. modest, sharminda; lajwanti; 

sharm-sar ; sharnialfl ; haya-vala. 2. slieepish, 

lajja-wan; tal-nazari; nazar-chor. 
Bashfully, adv. haya se ; laj se ; sharm-sari se. 
Bashfalness, n. laj ; shann ; haya. 

Boihfulneti is an enemy to poverty. Prov. 

Hay& aur mufiial mdi hair hai. 

{Jis ne kl aharam uske phSUe karam.) Prov. 
Basil, n. kali tnlsi; nazbo; niyaz-bo. 
Basilisk, n. Imlishtiva sanp; afai. [zarf. 

Basin, n. [H. 6^anJ. 1. vessel, basan; bartan; 

2. a small pond, talalya ; hauz. 

3. a wa/thrhand basin, chilamchi. 

Basis, n. [A. bind] 1. bunyad. See Base (2. 3). 
2. gronndtoork, first principle, m\i\ ; biua ; nsOl. 

The basis of all excellence in truth. Johnson- 

Rasll sah khiibyoh ki jar hai. 

The basis of public credit is good faith. 

Sdk'k kijar imdnddri hai. [scknft. 

Baskt V. [^^] tilpna; dhupkhana ; sikna; 




to baJi im the ntn, dhtlp men t&pna. 

Baskfit, n. [H. 6ot^, from 6ttn weave] tokra; 

tokrf ; pitarft ; pitari ; daliya ; jbapa ; dh&ka ; 

daari ; chhiba ; jhallL 

Uuhet for btrad, ch&uger ; ohangeri; chhabrL 
workhcuhet^ katn! ; boiy&. 
Baskst-iiilt, n. qabzi ; dasta ; mQth. 
Btikflt-wonuuiy Q. tokri-v&li ; dbii^vrL 
Bis-veliei; Basso-relievo, n. 

tanlUi-bua, y& ubbarv&u k&m. 
Bass, n. nicbft gahr& snr. 
Basterd, n. barami ; baram-zadah ; va1ad-uz- 

BDa;'ka-mQt; besva-putrj pap-jatak ; barami- 

pilll; harim k&jana. 
Bastard, adj. 1. iUegUimate, har&mi ; bar&m 

kl; ku-mQt. 2,fahe^ jbata; kboU; b&til. 
Bastedjy n. baram ; ziua ; jari. 
BsstS^ ▼. a. 1. {meat), cbuparua ; pucbilrE d. ; 

gfal lagaaa. 2. heat, mama ; pItnsL 

3. ttUck^ kacbchi silai k. ; langar d&lna ; 

tagy^Dl; t&ga dalna ya bbama; pisQjn&; 

kbafi k. ; tepcbi bbam^. [mama ; pa-kobl. 
Bastiiuub, d. 1. latb! se pitua. 2. talvon men 
Bastion, n. garbgaj ; burj. [bagal. 

Bat, o. (fiying fox) cbimgada^ ; badmr ; gar- 
Bat, n. (crifkeiy ete)y balla ; dand& ; pattT. 
UU and hall J gend balla; goiS-cbaugan. 
Batdi, n. glulQ ; tbok, 
Bita, ▼. [H. pit beat] kam k. ; gbatanft. 
Batfowling, n. roasbal jala-kajr nit ko parind 

pakapia ; hikari sbil^r. 

Batli, D. [U. Ihapdra vapour] 1. the place, gusal- 
kbana ; hammaro {Turkish bath); asnan-gbar. 
2. &UAf'n^, gusal ; nahau; asnan. 

wudieai^ baih, gusl-i-daTal ; aukbad-naban. 

mud bathj balQ-asuaiL 

Aower bath, pbu&iil-naban. 

nlphur bath, gandbak-naban. 

npor bath, bba|»ra ; unah. 

warm balh, garm p&ni ka gusal. 

Bathe, v. 1. take or give a bath, nabaml ; asn&n, 
ya bammam k. ; gusal k., ya d. 

2. wash, dboua ; saf k. 

haikfd tn blood, kbQn-alUdab ; labQ-luban. 
Battalion, n. piltan. [bah b. 

Batten, v. n. [B..'motd fat] motatazab, ya far- 
Batter, V. a. [H. pit beat] torna; katn&; 

u;&D&; gir&na; db&na; mismark. ; munba- 

dim k. 
Batter, n. ande, dudb, aur ate kl lapsL 
Battering-raxn, n. mabsar divar ke torne, ya 

gir&ne ka anjan ; qila-sbikan-^ri. 
Baitaj, n. 1. (In law), mXr-pit ; mar-kat ; mar- 

katii ; zad o kob ; (/'on/.) bQre-mukki. 
l {of guns) top ; topen ; top-khana. 

3. {JSiec.) dhaton k& tez-abi silsila. 

to raise a battery, damdamft baudbna ; morcha 

Battle, n. [H. bhet meeting] larai ; judb ; ran ; 

Jang; jaug ojadal; razm, kar-zar; marka. 

battle-array, la{&i ki saf-arai ; saf-i-jang. 
baUlt-royal, royal battle, bari larfti; gub&r; 

mftrka-i-azlm. ' * [rezi 

a bloody battle, ghamsin ; kbani-larai ; khtin- 
a pltcJud battle, saf-i-jahg ; jang-saf-basta. 
drawn battle, qftim-laral. [raaidan-i.jang. 

the field of battle, lapu ka pala; kbet ; maidau ; 
Battle, V. n. larna ; judb k. ; larai larui ; jaiig k. 
Battle-axe, n. gand&sa ; pbarsi ; tabar. 
Battle-dore, n. balls (bat). [i)aii&h ; fosil. 

Battlement, n. siua-panab; morcba; shabar- 
Bauble, u. kbilauna ; dikbave ki cbiz. 
Bawd, n. |H. bharvi[ bbarva; kutni; dallala; 

kuttan; kutua; qurramsaq; qaltb&n. 

niotlier-baiod, n. uaeka ; mabal-daml. 
Bawdry, n. 1 . ^A^ practice, bbarva-pan ; bbarvai ; 

kutna-pa. 2. o6«c69aty, pbakkar; baknibat; 

fobsb ; gandi, ya rizfiJi-bat. ' [wabiyat. 
Bawdy, adj. gaudah ; baknl; fobsb; be-hada; 
Bawdy-house, n. randi ka kotba; adda; patur 

ka gbar ; kothi ; {Panj.) chballa kotbi. 
Bawl, V. n. [Skr. ir H. 60/ speak] 'chillaua; 

cbikua; obikbu&;'*cbikb mama; pukama; 

b&iik m&rna ; shor macbau^. 
Bawler, n. 1. one who makes a noise, gul, y& 

shor maobaue-vali ; gaugai. 

2. a crier, avaz lagane-vala. 
Bay, adj. kumaid. 

Chettnut bay, I&khl. dark hay, teliyft kumaid. 
Light bay, suraog. 

Bay, Bay tree, n. taj ; twacb bay leaf, tej-pat 
Bay, n. [A. S. btge] kbafl ; kbalij. 
bay sait, pSiiga-uamak ; samandari namak; 

Bay, V. n. [Lat. baubari to bark gently, H. 

bhaun bark]. 1. bark, bbaunkna. See Bark (1.) 
2. to be cHeompassed about, ban bandbna; 

gberil j&na. 
to keep at bay, dab-kar, ya tang ho-kar mu- 

qabla k. ; bkz rakbni. 
to stand at bay, s&mne daU rahna ; s&mne dat* 

ua ; samua k. ; muq^la k. 

to turn to bay, laut parna; ulat-ke muqabla k. 
Bayonet, n. sau^n. 

Bdellium, n. gUgal. [bhae is] 

Be, v. n. [A. S. beon, Per. bUd, Skr. it, be H. 

1. exist, bona ; maujUd h. {to be present). 
To be or not to be, that is the question. 8hak . 
Jind yd ffwrnd, ab yehl sav&t hai, 

2. btcome,; badalua; badal jana. 

3. remain, rabna ; rah jani. 

be it so, so be it, yobin sab! ; aisi hi ho ; Emm ; 

acbobha; acbcbbi bat; isi tarab ho; kbair; 

kbab. [uhatakb ; champat ho. 

be off, int. bat pare ; dtlr ho ; pare ho ; cbal 
if so be, jo aisa ho; dar-in-b&lat ; ba-sbarte. 
let it be, jEne do ; chhor do ; da^guzar karo. 
tobeoff,Y,n. cbale jana ; ravanab b. ; rafli chak- 

kar h. ; kaftlr h. ; chalta phirta nazar ana. 
Beach, n. samandar ka kinara ; sabil. 





Beacon, n. (NatU,) akk&s cliy&; raushan^mfoftr. 

Mtxlwt doubt in called the beacon of the wise. Shak, 
WAjihl thubek ho aqaiwumdi ka nishdn baUUe kain. 

Bead, u. 1. small ptr/onUed baUsy daua ; mauk& ; 
pot; inani&. 

2. a roiOTf^ mSLla ; japni ; tasblh. fPror. 
Beads aloiig the neck and the devil in the heart. 
Hilth sumamlf pet kataml, Prov. 
(Counting hiA beads, he conoeala a dagger in 

his breaHt.) 
teU or count one's beads, mala phorn&, japD&, y& 
sumaruft. Hin, ; tasbfU hil&ua, phern&y y& 
parhna. J/oA. 
the e^Uef b^d in a rosary, sumer ; im&m. 
Beadle, u. ohaprasi-i-ad&lat. [tasblh-khuau. 
Beadsman, n. n)illa-pher& ; ja^man&v& ; dua-go ; 
Beak, n. bill, chonch ; tout ; thor ; lol ; mitiqar. 
Beam, n. [A. S. bedm, Skr, vriksh, U, barvd, 
briclih tree] 

I. timber y lattha ; shahtlr. 2. {of a balance) 
daiidi ; taraza ki dandl. 3. pole, bam ; phaf 
4. ^oom, tir. 6. of a plough^ barns. 
6. of a sugar mill, dheiika; Utha. 

to kick the beam, pal^ll dandl ko lagiift. 

Beam, v. cbamakua; jhalakii&; jagmagana. 

Beaming, Beamy, adj. cbamakta hiia ; oham- 
kili ; uj&gar ; raushan ; darakhahaii ; tabindah. 

Bean, n. phali ; chbimi ; lob!j& ; sem. 

goa bean, ehewiux defrtse bean, char-koni sera. 

Bear, v. a. [A. S. beran. giberan, V, bwdan, Skr. 
bhrt to bear ; H . bhdr, P. hdr a load]. 1. snp- 
port, Baiibhalua \ tlmtnua ; uthau&. 2. carry, 
le-cbalni ; le-jana ; pabQnchana ; dlioiia. 

3. e/<c/u?r, sahna; sahania ; jbeliia; utha- 

na; pljana; l)ardri8ht k. ; tahammul k. 

But man u l>oni to bear. Pope. 

]idmi Mhne hi ko paidd hud kai, 

4. dk/erish in the mind, dil, ya man meii 
raklma. 5. have, raklina ; bona. 6. be ra]fable 
of, admit, lagna ; deua ; giinjaitjb mkbna. 

Bear a nieaiiing. Mane rakhnd yd dend. 
7 . p^^oduce (as finiit), IfL^im ; ^aua; phabia. 

8. bring forili, janna {Wonu) ; bacbcba d., 
byana, daltiii (animals), 

9. afford, batb b., ya jana. 

To bear one company. Svth jdnS. 

\0, behave, cbalna; dbaug baratua; vati 

rali, ya tarl(iah ikbtiyar k. 

bear a burden, bojb uthaua. 

bear a Jiand, bath lagilna ; algana ; utbana ; 

sabara d. ; madad d. [ya jlicbia. 

bear ajffllcHon, taklif nthaua ; muslbat Habiia, 

bear ai^ns, batbyar bandlmS. [ana. 

hear doum, chafh ana ; dabana ; zcr k. ; gaiib- 

Truth is borne down. JhUle he drje saehchd ro mare. 

Prov. (Before faUohotnl truth weepti and dien). 

bear down njon, a-parni ; an-tutna ; charb-aua. 

bear liard upon, dabana ; tafi«^ ya sakbti k. ; zor 

cbalana ; afyat tang k. ; saklit-iiiri k. [pi jana. 

bear meekly, sahna ; Imrdanht k. ; laliQ kl J^i ghflut 

bear off, \i2h\iiv^i\H. ; ntha le-jana. [haiai k. 

bear office, olubvdar b. ; niansab rakbna ; ohdeb- 

hcar on, clialta lakhna; kiyujana; jari rakhna. 

bear o%U, sah&tfta k. ; t&id k. ; mustahkam k. ; 

taqvlat d. [ser-b&r h. 

bear ike expense or cost of, kharcb uth&na, ; 
bear through, anjaiu, ant, y& akhir tak pahtbCi. 

ch&ua ; uib&bu&. [ua bam&, 

bear up, db&ras, y& bimmat rakbna ; hunmat 
bear upon, taalluq, ya rishtab rakhni. 
bear mth, sabna ; uth&ua ; aab&rua ; bard&sht k. 
able to bear assessment, adafi jama ko q&bil L, 

ya gunj&ish rakhn&. 

Bear, n. [A. S. bera, Skr. bfuUlui, H. bhdla] 

riobb; bhalQ; kbirs. [Prov. 

He roust have iron nails that scratches a bear. 
Nockne ko riehh ke loke kt nUkkun chdhiyeh. 

The Great Bear, bapL ricbb ; sapt risbl j dubb-i- 

Tl^ Leaser Beat, cbhot& rfcbh \ dubb-i-asgar. 
Bearable, adj. sabaa ; sabne-jog \ bardasbt ke 

Beard, n. 1. d&rhl; risb. 2. (Boi.) biQ; balQ. 
a pointed beard, kthicbi si a&fbl; bakre, yii 

julbs.0 ki-si d&fbi. [banana. 

shave the beard, d&f bi mdndna ; kbat, yft tho^ 

Beard, v. a. muqEbli, ya silmnJi k. [lofnH, 

To beard the lion in his den. Sher se bani mek 

Bearded, adj. da^byiU; d^i-bl-valft. 
having a thin beard, chbidrf da^'bl-v&la; kosi; 

Beardless, adj. ni-mucbebbs. : bo-rlsha. 

a beardless youth, gabrd ; pattha ; amrad ; sabsa* 

&ga/; nau-javan. 
Bearer, n. 1. carrier, ntbane-vali ; lo janc-vala; 

kaliar ; barindS, ; banimal ; (m Comp) bar-d&r. 

2. (of a letter) cbittbi Je-java ; nam^bar ; 
bamil-iruqqa; qasid. (of a tvater-jiot orpCdkl) 
kabar ; mahra. 3. farter, quli ; mutya ; palle- 
dar ; niazdur. 4. vakt, sard&r ; bebra. 5. pro- 
ditcer^ phal-dar ; mcve-dar ; pbalue-val&. 

Bearberd, n. bbiilQ- villa; ricbb-vala; qalandar; 

Bearing, n.l. with resj^eet to, dinba ; simt ; janib : 

rukb. 2. ih^rtmeiit, dbang ; waza. 

I know hiui by his heaHnrj. 

Mniix HBki f«2o fe pahrhdntd htin, [luq. 

3. relation, lagao; sanibandb; nisbat; taal- 
bearing a stamp, tikat-dar; tikat-cbaApaii; 

niusbatab-l'istamp. [marqQmah. 

bearing date, m\i\; ba-tarikb; muvarrakha; 
hearing interest, biyaju; sQdi. 
hearing }>oHage, mabsuli ; (Cor,) bairaug. 
Itearlng signafwe, dast-khati. 

Beast, n. pashu ; cbau-paya ; charinda; baivan. 

A riKbtoouM man regaixleth the life of hie Iteast, 

Pi*ov. xii. 10. [ral'htd hat. 

Nfk dilml apne jdnvar ki bhi jdn kd khaydl 

heast of bvrdev, laddfl; biiamt ; cbau-paya; 

liar Iwrdiiri ke janvar. 

heaH of prey, sbikan-janvar ; darinda. 

f/ecuts of the chase, shikar; wild. 

heasfft of the fit Ul, ga(j bail. [janvar. 

wild f)east, jan<ral, yii ban kc janvar ; jangli 

Beastliness, n. baivaniyat : janvar-pana. 




y. a. [A. S. heaian, H. piMi.] 1. strtke, 
pftni; inftm&; thokn&; zad o kob k. 2. pound, 
ntol : knchalui. 3. thresh, chha]&tn&. 

4. Aamni^r, gbarnlL ; chhetn& ; kt&ttia ; p!tn&. 

5. (an egg) phetni ; mathna ; lathni. 

6. conquer, jituk; haiitni; hat&a&; chhek- 
Hi; m&t k. ; &tah k. ; shikast d. 

▼. n. I. d^uh against, fakr&na ; ni&m&. 
S. tkrcb. dhapiku&; dhak dhak k.; uchhal- 

ni; pharakiii. 
^eat €^ul, dhMd dhind k., tappa dhoi k. 
bmU about Ae bu^ her pher ki baten k. 
hetd a drum, dbol, daf, ya tambar bajaoa. 
hett again^ the wind, bava bandh-kar jana; 

havi ke mkb par jana; bava ki thaper 

Mkna; cbafbte jana. 
itai on alarm, agib k.; ittila 6L; kamar- 

bandi karani. [j&n&. 

kat a retreat, picbhe batna ; pas-p& b. ; bh&g 
te at cards, kbiUl d. 
kat at chess, mat k., ya den&. 
hut (a foateh), bolni ; bajna ; kbat kbat k. 
heat hade or off, mar batani ; bat&n& ; pas-pMl k. 
heat Uaek and blue, m&rte mirte nil dil den&. 
heat down, torni ; pimal k. ; g&rat k. 
heat down the price, dim tnrini, yigbatina ; mol, 

7& bfaSo gbstinS; qimat kam k. [jbatas ina. 
heating (cu rain), bancbhir &na ; paacbbir ina ; 
htst into om^s head, sir men bhami, yi tbOsna. 
heat on/is brains out, Btr tor d. ; sir pborna. 
heat om^s breast, cbbiU pitna, yi kQtna. [na. 
had oat, chapt&y ya cbaun k. ; barhini ; cbbet- 
heat (the heart), dbarakna; dbak dhak k. 
tetAe/im^Ify sbik&r jagina. [prey. Prhr. 

To heat the woods, aod rouse the bounding 
Maehd ffuljagdnd uehKaUd sktkdr, [raktift. 
heat {the pulse), nabs cbalni ; beat (a aem) bfaa- 
hest the tattoo, gmtl ki brgul bajani. 
heat tiate, (Mus.) til d. 
heat to a jelly, heat to a mummy, mirte mirte rafi- 

ti kar deni; kacbiUnar, yi palethan nikilna. 

heat to arms, tabal-i-jang bajina. [ki; sadmab. 

Bltt» n. [H. j9t<] 1 . strobe, mir; war: cbot; tbap- 

2.jurisdietion, gasbt ; balqi ; ilaqi ; bad. 

a heaien path, purini lakir ; bap didi kl lik. 
He keeps to the beaien path. Pvrdiii cAdZ cAo^td &ai. 
(Lakir par fmq§r Aoi. Prov. Hehaslavetocustom). 

lnler« n, I. the instrument, tbapi; kobi; mogri; 

aamath; pitanr; pfaarv!; dormat. 2. {for 

goose) narsingyi; sbikir jagine-vila. 
Beatmgy n. mar ; saza. [albeli. 

n. [H. bdnkd] binki; cbikaniyi ; chbaili ; 
adj. albetil ; rangili ; binki; cbikani- 

ji; chbablli. 
BBOBiimdfly n. amir, jftkboiih-yase log ; asbiifl 
BiaullAll, adj. 1. beauteoiu, sundar; sobni; 

•ohiTni ; riip-vant ; raaitik; khub-surat; khub- 

rfi; sbakll; haain; qabtll-stlrat. 

A ciiele is more heatUi/ul than s sqnare. 
Ohambor se ekaJtibar kkob-sttrat la^td koL 
%JUsa,9MuA; pftkisa; nafis; umda. 

Beaiitiftally> adv. aundartil se; kliab; khftb- 

a^LtU 86. 

The room was heaatifuUg decorated. 
Kamrd kkUb drOttd tUtl. 
Beantif/, v. a. banana ; singimi ; banao sifigir 
k. ; saavimi ; kbQb-sfirat banini ; zeb deni ; 
irasta k. ; zinat d. ; iriiisb L [jamil. 

Beauty, n. 1. grace, rUp ; Idiab-^rtl; bosn ; 
Becmty consists of a certain composition of color 
and figure, causing delight in the beholder. 
Xodbc KhObHirti rang our rOp kd eklMs 
mel haifie te dekkne-vdU ko kkusla koU has. 
Beauty is no inheritance. ProT. 
Butn Khndd'ddd Aot. Pror. 
^eav^y is bought by judgment of tbeeye. Shai. 
Sauddi kvsn Ute kaih dnkkoh kt dnk par, 
2. a heauti/ul person, sundar ; goil ; kim- 
n! ; rati ; padmani ; pari ; pari-paikar ; hasliL 
Beaotyspoty n. bindi ; til ; khal. 

Beealniy v. a. 1. to keep from motion, thimni; 

tbir k. ; tbairiui ; rokni. 2. (the mind), 

thimni; tliandik.; tasallid.; dhlmik. 

Soft whispering airs becalm the mind. 

Manii bkini kavd dil ko Utskin dett kai. 

Because, conj. is kiran se ; is liye ki; kjoft ki; 

kis viste ki ; is biis se. 
because of, is kiran ; is sabab se; is vajah se; 

is bais se ; is dalh se ; is nazar se. 
Beck, n. sain ; ishari. [ishire se bulini. 

Beckon, v. sain mirni ; sir hilini ; ishira k. ; 
beckon with the eye, sain, yi afikh mirni. [deni. 
beckon untk the hand, bnlina ; bith ki jboli 
Become, v. n. boni; bo-jiDi; ban-uthni. [parni. 
become a duty, farz, vajib, yi lizim h.; zurOr 
Become, v. a. thikini; sajui; cbbajni; pbabni; 

sobbni ; sobni ; kbilna ; zeb d. ; mauztln b. 
Becoming, adj. 1. suiting, uebit ; durust ; zebi; 

aazivir; liyaq; munisib; mauzQn. 
2, pretty, sohni; sohini. 

Bed, n. [A. S. bedd, H. bicfihaund, 0. H. Ger. 
disaund, petU, Skr. paryahk, H. palang bed- 
stead, handha bound] 

1. floor, bhllm ; dbarti ; farsh. 

2. layer, parat ; raddi ; tab ; tabaq. 

3. bottom of a river, etc, tbi ; talaiti ; tah. 
i,frlot in afield, etc, kiyari; takbtah. 

5. a sleeping couch, kbit; kbatoli; sej ; 
manjha; palan;^; cbir-pai 

i^rly to bed and early to rise makes a man 
healthy, wealthy, and wise. Sidausi so losere 
jdffe, sukk, samp€U, aur buddkl dte. 

6. marriage, byib ; sbadi (Met.) bivi jorQ. 
He had a son from his first bed, 
PahUjorAu utke ek betd thd. 

7. (Arch.) raddi ; chahki ; tah. [nafqa. 
bed and board, kbina-pioi; roti kapya; nan o 
bed piece, patti yi servi. 

bed stays, dori ; kasni ; sej-band. 
foot of the bed, {^enti ; paitini. [taliq qatai. 
from bed and hoard, (Law) taliq bili nan o nafqa; 
head of t/te bed, sirhini. [bistri la^^ua. 

make tlie bed, bicbliauni, yi sej bichbiui; 
to be brought to bed of a son, beti jauni. 

Bed,y. I. cohabit, BAthsoiA; bishek.; bhogk.; 

hambistar, ham-khuSlb, ja bam-agosh h.; 

bam-sohbat b. 2. plant, bon& ; bij dalua ; 

lagaua. 3. lat/, bitbana ; dbariiil ; jaraft. 

To bed a atone. Na/flnd jarnd, [ashrat» 

bed of roses, pbulon ki sej ; asbab-i-aisb ; aiah- 
Bedochamber, Bedroom, u. sone ka kamrab ; 

kbuab-gab ; Slramg&b ; cbitr-sala. 
Bed clothes, n. palaiig-posh. [tosbak. 

Bedding, n. bicbbaunSi; biobbavan; bistarSi; 
Bedeck, v. a. singar k. See Adorn. 
Bedew, v. a. bbigou& ; gil& k. ; nam k. 
bedewed with tears, jburte, ya dabdab&te 

naiuai^; ab-dida; obasbm-tar; cbasbm-i- 

pur-ab ; cbasbra-i-giryan. 
Bedfellow, Bedmate, n. ham-bistar; ham-khuab; 

dugaiia; zanakbl; bam-kinar. 
Bedhangings, u. parda ; masabrl. 
Bedlam, n. pUgal-kbaniL [div&na; saudSI. 

Bedlamite, n. baola; siri; pagla; p&gal; 
Bed-linen, n. palaug ki cb&dar, gilaf, wagaira. 
Bedpan, n. hajati. 
Bedpost, n. cbbapar-kbat k& danda. 
Bedpresser, n. (Obs.) palajoig, y& macba-tof ; ahdt. 
Bedquilt, n. razai; sauf; libaf. 
Bedridden, adj. sabib-i-farash ; kbat-lagfL 
Bedside, adv. palang kc pas. 
Bedstraw, n. pal ; pual ; bicbali. 
Bedswer^er, n. cbhiual; jar; cbbinra; chhin- 

ri; bad-kar; baram-kar. 
Bedtick, n. tikau. 

Bedtime, u. so van bcla ; sone ka waqt. 
Bee, u. niad-makbi ; muhal, ya shabd ki mak- 

kbi; nabal. 

Where bees are there is honey. Prov. 

Jahdn nahal wahdh ascd. Pror. [firftm h. 

(0 have bees in the head, be-chain h. ; be- 
He h:i3 a bee in his bonnet. Khalal-i-dimdg hai; 
divdnd hai ; jun&h ho gayd hai. 
Beef, n. giic ka gosht. 

Beef-headed, Beef-witted, adj. bail ; murakb ; 
tbo8 ; iijad ; be-waquf ; bachhya kii bava. 

Becf-tea, n. gilc ko gosbt ka araq ; roa-ul-lahm. 
Beehive, n. makkhyoii ka chhatta ; nmbal. 
Beeline, n. lit. maksb-pantb, bence, 

sidha rasta ; nak ki bidh. 
Beer, n. jau ki Bharab ; buza. 
Beerbarrel, n. bir ka pipa. 
Beerhouse, n. bit* ki bliatti : buze-khana. 
Beestiags, Biesting, Beasting, n. [A. S. byst] 

kbis; peosi; kill. 
Bees-wax, n. mom. 
Bees- wing, n. pbul ; phapbuiidi. 
Beet, n. chuqandar. 

Beetle, n [H. bhiii bum] 1. the insert, bbaimra. 
3. Hammer, mogi i ; kobii ; diirmut ; mekh- 

Beetle-brow, Beetle-head, n. 

aundhi-khopri ; aimlhi-peshrini. 
Befall, V. bitna ; apariia ; iitarna ; parna ; 

giriia; pabuncliiia ; nazil li. 
Befit, V. phabua. See Become. 

Befool, V. ullu banana ; abmaq ban&n&. 
Before, adv. 1. ahead, age ; pable. 2. brforetime^ 

age ; pable ; agle va^toii men \ s&biq meft. 
before and after, fore and eft, age picbne. 
cu before, jaisa pable ; ba-dastdr ; dastiir-mu»- 

fiq ; basb-i-sarisbtab ; basb-i-zabitab. 
to look before, age dekbna ; pable socbna. 

Who look* not before finds himself behind. Prov. 
Dekhe na agdt% rake pichhSfL 

Before, prep. I, in front, samne; &ge; robrlL 

2. in sight of, i,n]shoii ke ftge^ yH s&mne ;' 
dekhte ; saumukb ; nazron men. 

3. {in time) pable; pesbtar; qabl ; ma-qabal. 

4. in the power of, b&th mefi ; tabt mefi ; 
q^bu me&. 5. under trial, &ge ; pesbi men ; 
zer-tajviz. 6. higher, Q&cbE ; baf h-kar ; bala ; 
bal&-tar; avval; muqaddam. 

before one's eyes, or vose, Snkboft ke samne. 
b^ore onisface, milub ke samne ; kisi ke robrfl. 
Beforehand, adv. pable se; pable bi; agaii 

se ; pirtbam-bi ; pesbtar-bi ; pesb-dasti se. 
to be beforehand, age b. ; pable-hi batb m&ma; 

pesb-dasti, ya cbalaki k. ; ucbak len&. 

Before-mentioned, adj. See Above cited. 
Befriend, v. batb paka^ na ; satb dena ; sahaita 

k. ; da^t-gii i k. ; rifaqat k. ; pitb pe h. 
Beg, V. [A. S. biddan, Gotb. bidjan, H. bhtk!\ 

1. beseech, maugna; bbik mangna (a beg* 
gar) ; saval k. ; arz k. 

I btg leave to say. Arz kame hi ijdsat ehdhH 
hih ; arz kartd h&h ; Utinias^ yd gUzdrish hai. 

2. take for granted, beg the question, davS 
ba-daija-i-subut qaim k. 

beg humbly, binti k. ; girgirana; ajizi k; 

minnatk.; inkisar k. 
beg from door to door, gbar gbar mnngni; 

bbik mangna; bhik mangte pbirn&; dar 

dar maugna ; daryuzab-gari k. • 
Beget, V. [Skr. ja;» to be born.] 

1 . generate, janna ; paida k. ; utpan k. 
Health begets pleasure. Prov. 
Tandurusti hazdr nemat hai. Prov. [paidfl k. 

2. produce, upjanil ; utbana ; kbai-a k ; 
To beget strife. Upadro uthdnd. 

Beggar, n. [S. bhzkshu] bbikari; bbicbcbuk; 
mangta ; gada ; faqir ; kaiigla. 

A beggar begs, that never begged before. Shak. 
Ek gadd hai mdhgta, jisne kadhi mdhgd ndhin. 
Beggars breed and rich men feed. Prov. 

Jane faqir, khildS amir. Prov. 

The beggar may sing before the thief. Pro?. 
Nang^khard vjdr men, * hai koi kapre leVVrox. 
(Naked on the plain he stands and says * Who 
dare strip me ? ') 

Beggar, v. a. 1. impoverish, kangal kar dena; 
tukre mangvana ; bhik maiigvana ; faqir kar 
deiia. 2, exhaust, tang k. ; ajiz k. 

It beggars description, liaydn se bdhar hai. 
It beggars fancy. Qayds mm nahih did. 
Beggarly, adj. \.poor, kangal ; dalidri ; muflis ; 

gaiil). 2. 7/i^rt«. gbatyal ; puch ; bocb. 
Beggarmaid, Beggarwoman, n. 

faqir ki larki ; faqirni-vali; kangli. 
Beggary, n. kangali ; daliddar ; ua-dari ; iflaa. 

V. n. 1. camMence, arambh h. ; lagni ; 
•hoitl h. ; igas h. 2. enter upon existence, 
ntptX h. ; upajii& ; paida h.; wi\jad pftna. 

Well begun ia half done. Prov. 

Nek iff&g ttnjam bakhair. 

Bef^ [A. S. ginnan begin, H. ginnSi count] 
irambh k. ; uthana ; paida k. ; shuru k. ; 
igas k; ▼ujud dena. 

BBg^mneTy n. \, the original,, bani; bani-kar; 
hid!;mujid; mubtadi; shurQ karne-vala [aoioz. 

2. youing practitioner, tyro, Bikhtar ; nau- 
Wmiiming, n. 1. commencement^ arambh; &d; 

Qtb&n; ibtida; igaz; shariL 

A good heginnvng makeB a good ending. 

Ant bkaU k& bhaUL Prov. 

3. eoMTce, nik&s, utpatti; mamba; da- 
Ittoah ; mOnh ; sot ; jar j bunyad ; bina. 
ICgfatj ihingB from small heginningt grow. Jhyden, 
Biff bdti nikie kaik chkote ihuru i€, 

hgimmng of a months midline k% shuru ; gurra 

(the first day), 
hegitming of a poem, mukh-band; uthan; matla. 
fnm beginning to end, ad se ant tak ; avval se 

ikhir tak. 
in tke beginning, shuru men ; pahle ; ibtida men. 

In the beginning Ood created the heaven and the 

earth. PoAle pahal Khudd ne zamin dtmdn bandg, 

make a beginning, &rambh k. ; kam lagana ; 

shurQ k. ; ^l^ k. 

behind a screen, ot men ; &r meh ; dar parda. 
Behindhand, adj. plphhe ; phisaddi ; pachhatit. 
Behold, y. dekhua; niharua; nig&h k.; uazar k. ; 

mulahza k. 
Behold, intj. dekho; yeh dekho; kya dekht& 

hai, ya dekhte hain ; lo ; e lo ; lijie. 
Beholden, p. adj. marhun ; mamuun. [shai. 
Beholder, n. dekbne-vala ; dikhvaiya ; tama- 
Behoof, n. labb ; faida ; vasta; garaz; kbatir. 
BehooTe, v. [U. bhdnd to become] jog b.; cbah- 

na ; farz h.; munasibh. ; vijib h. ; laziin h. 
Being, u. 1. existence, hasti; zindgi ; vujad ; 

hayat. 2. entity, bastii ; chiz ; madduh ; 

shae; mutanaffas; vujQd. 

state of being, halat ; abval. 

Belabour, n. pitna ; kutua ; thonkna ; dhuns- 

na ; sakht mar dena. 
Belated, p. p. rat bo gai. 
Belch, n. dakTir; dhikar. Qena; daklnii. 

Belch, V. n. [H. tUiehnd to bale water] duHr 
Beldain, Beldame, n. 

1. an old tooman, burbiya; dokr! ; n&ni 
burhiya ; dukarya ; dhaddo ; buddhi ; pir-z5l. 

2. a /tag, dayan ; churail ; phekui ; bhutiii. 
Belfry, n. ghanU-gbar. [takzib k. 
Belie, v. jhuta k. ; jhutlaoE ; jbata banana; 

HU face bdies hifi heart. 

l/ski shakal iejhPt m&lAm hot& hau 

HiB deeds belie his words. 

Kake huchh kare kuchh {Pd digar, qwd digar.V, ) 

Y. ghemi ; ihata k. ; muhit k. 
Bagoney intj. [A. S. gdn^ Skr. gam go]. 
€hal; cbal chakhe; chalS ja; alag ho; hat j Belief n. 1. credit, partit ; patyara ; bharosa, 
pare; pare hat; hat; dOrho; dur par; jata j bisvas; etebir; yaqiu; etemid. 2. opinion; 

rah; aidhiro; nikal j& ; bava kh&o ; dar ; apn& 

imsta pakro ; chalte phirte nazar &o ; daian 

ho ; dafe h. 
Befottan, p. p. (in Comp,) jan&; zada. 
Begrime, v. a. mitti, yS rakh men milan^; 

al^a k. ; bhama ; mail& k. 
Bagrndge, v. a. bhich-ke dena ; dab-ke dena ; 

dareg k. ; kur kura-ke, ya khunsake den&. 
Bagnile, v. a. bahlana; dam d. ; bhulaua. 

Beguile the day. Din bahldnd. 
beguile pain, dukh bhulana ; gam galat k. 
BAaU^ n. or; pichhe; liye; karan; janib; 

taraf; vaste; kh&tir; haq. 
Bthsfe, Y. n. chalna ; baratna ; pesh an&. 
Baha^ioiir, n. chalan; ch&l-chalan; dhang; 

chal-dhang; cb&l-dhal; lacbchhan; ravalya; 

nishaat o barkhast. 
good behaviowr, achchhi chalan ; su-lachclihan ; 

aehchha raTiu^a; nek chalan; nokchalnl; 

kboah atYar. [katna, ya ura deua. 

Bahead, v. gardan mama ; qatl k ; sir, ya mund 

hkmt, n. S^ggya; hukm. [pu8htpar;aqabmeii. 

Behiild, prep. 1. the rear, pichhe ; pit par ; 

BAimi the house. MakSn he pichhe yd piekhvdre. 

2. (mi time) pichhe ; der kar-ke ; der men. 

3. (in rank) kam ; ghat ; niche ; pichhe. 
Btfady adv. I. out of sight, pichhe ; pas- 

gubat ; pit pichhe ; pas-i-pusht ; gaebana ; 
men. 2. baehoards, picfaiie; pichh- 

mat ; saroajh ; gyaii ; bichlir ; danish ; rae. 



vire ; pichhe ki taraf. 

S. creed, isht ; m»nt& ; mat ; 
q&d ; aqidah ; im&n. 
Beliere, v. a. isht rakhna; bisvas k.; sahl 

samajhna ; yaqln l&na. 
Believe, v. n. manna ; iman lan&. 

Believe me Tours sincerely. Apkd dost tUdiq, 
Believer, n. manne-vala ; upasak ; motaqid. 
Bell, n. [A. S. beUan\ gbantk; ghantl; ghuug- 

ru; tel; nipur. [pahnehm. 

With bdU on her toes. Ahgf^thoh meh gkOngrU 
Bell, book, aud candle. OhanUi, kitdb-i-muqad' 

daa, aur $hamd te nikSlnd. 
{Jdt bdhar kar ne ki rit). 
Who *11 bell the cat ? Medoh ko kaun pakrega ! 

bell of aflotoer, piySl& ; kutori. 
bells for the feet, painjni; payal; ghungrO. 
to bear the bell, bazi, ya sabqat le jana. 
Belladonna, n. inabussalib ; mako ; makoi. 
Belle, n. [Fr. belle, H. bdl, bald woman] 

got i ; sundar ; kamin ; albeli ; rangili ; 


Belles-lettres, n. pi. biddya-ras ; ilm-i-adab. 
Bell-flower, n. ishq-pecba. 
Bell-faunder, n ghante banane, ya dhalnc-vala. 
Belligerent, adj. lar&ka ; jangi ; jo larai men 

sbamil ho ; jang-ja ; jodha. 
Bellman, n. dhandorcbi ; dhandore-vala. 
Bell-metal, n. bbarat ; azdhat ; ashtdhat. 
Bellow, V. [H. ramJbhdnd.'] 



1. {Hie a buU) dakrinm; dartkna. [na» 

± ffot'ififrxtte^ Chilian^; chikhna ; ehilch mir- 

IWIows, a. [A. S. bmUf. H. btMr€ bug.] 

I. dhaiuikiii ; kh&I ; biuLcL 

^ (^loTtf^) phepr& (loDgs). 

kydrostatic oei ««Ri, paa-dhmnnkni 

BaHwetitfi, a. ftf^lS-bher. 

'MtHjj XL [A.S. ^«/(^, E. iord a bftg.] I 

pet ; jhend; jboj ; dhidh; adr; 

The 6^% tiaehai all ar^ 

i>^« «^ ibidU karitd koL Ptov. 

TIm 6e2;y m nut ttUtHl witJi fiur ivordik Prov; 

C7i«;bii idtoift tff pet makik bkartd. Ftor. 

3. womb^ kokk; dliAzaxi; pet; kothi; \mehr 

chardaa; rehm. 
Bdljr T. a. phalli ; ubhar iai ; &pbam£. 
Bdlj-adift» n. pet IdL dard; nui^ri; (iEucd4> 

ahilnMn : qulinj. 
Bdlj-bajuL a. petl ; patka ; tadg ; kunar-baniL 
Bdljboiind, adj. jiske pet med ar ho; jiae 

(|abz ho ; qabs-band. 
BdDtjfU* Q. pet-bbaraa ; bhar-pel 
Bsl^rgod, n. babttt khaoe-Til2; petft; kba^; 

BBDj-pindiedt adj. bhak£; bhftka bangili; 

bhiik-mua ; pet ka m^ri ; k^ k& ma ; kil 

kamara; oadida. 
Briljtimlltr, cl (^lang) gtqrbi bharna ; rOUie 

sokhe tiikre ; miiui kuaai ; di^. daliTa. 
BeOywani^ n. sinnioft ; gindar ; kenob^a. 
BiloBgy T. a. [Ger. bHanjtsn to c<>acenx« H. 

la^i*k] l.b€ the profMrty or\ kis»i ka b. ; mil- 

kiyat h. ; baq \l ; haqivac^ pL niiLk b. 

Thu book Mmtp to me. TffA nttfri ib<u6 iot. 
2. 4(^2^ rfslcLtioa to, saiubaia>ih rakhuiL ; 
sarokar rakbna ; lagua ; taalluq rakbo^ ; 
ii.u|;i rakbna. 3. be eomnmcted wHk, mila b. ; 
hk^l h ; m^Q ae b.; sbamil b.; mulbtq b. 

-i. be includifd iiL, men b.; shaaiii b. ; da- 
khil b. [mah. 

Beloiipngs» n. mal o asbab ; chlz-bast ; lava^ 
BdongiPg to, prep, ka ; ki ; ke ; mutsiaUiq : 

yake-'jzaa: aaaa-i-kbas. 
BeloTCd, a>ij. pijara ; piyan : cbabiti : dil- 
arain; dil-dar; mabbQb; mabbilba; luiLibCLq ; 


This 13 mj hel*ivtd son. Teh mer^ pi^*ird ftrtti 4tt*. 
my bfhiMiL ae men jaa ! ae meri pivari ! be 

priya ! jan-i-man. 

Belov, adv. 1. nicbe ; tale ; ler ; tabt. [Drrd^a. 

Thii siid ; h« l«d th«ixi up th« mountaia** brov» 
An* I 4howeii th«m all th«» shintug iitfld» Mow. 
Y<k htk mr%ko pt^rhitt ki c'*y>tl tkarKd 
Hxrt kket niche die *t^ dikkd. 

2.0/1 earthy dbarti par; lamlu par; 
lamin. ja dunya ke parde par. 

Z. tn h^i, i^Ltal men ; narak meii: jabaunum 
men; taht-ul-sari men ; doiakh m^u. 
Below, prep, l.iot^er, uiohe ; tale. ^, in/'^nior, 
kaiu; uiohe. S. iuiirorM|fa/. au-ucbit; ui-laiq; 
na-munasib : baisivat ke laiq oabiii ; adni. 
j }j^loir ^mir, iitra hiia ; kamti. 

n. L girdle, petl ; patba; mintaqft; patti ; 
partala; kamaisbaad. 'L {GHttf,) aamodr^Bo- 
kat&; ib-Qie. 3. {Aet.) miutaqik-barrah. 
4. (Snrtj,) pattL 5. (Jfeai) mil 
6. (^rc^) izara ; pa^loL 
heU of a MMy papl ; laogar ; bimail ; alSbaoi 
hett of a noordy partala ; datx 
a Moulder bdt, xl partalS : pattS. 
Bftt^ ▼. XL gbema ; ab&c^ k. ; halqa biadhiuL 
B^M^ p. p. kamar4>asti. 
BBihinhi BiAntIt t. a. maila k. ; mit^ ^Uii& ; 

dbabbi diliii; ainna; bharni. 
Buiiu% T. a. kkba^ men bbamft; sianft; 

latherni ; latbar patba^ k. 
Bbhmd* t. bil&p k. ; rooik ; ains bfaamii ; 
aftoe k. ; ib bharna. [g^T^ ^ <^ > ^riUivail^ 
BBBonaf^ Q. btlftp ; rou^itni; rojarSt; 
Bmeh, a. L <■ Um^ mU. takbta. %. mtt \f 
jmatice^ mahkami ; ai&Iat : ijlas : (Cor.) j^ 
3. hodjf of jttdgee^ hakkiinH-«(&iat ; siliK 
^tfA<tiMi 6ar. jalaa-t-adilat ; hnkkim o wiika&» 
ftUl bendi, ijlio-i kiLmiL 

'i or qmene beneK. yiia^i-ahibL 
T. a. I. crook, terb& k. ; mo^rn2 ; phenijl ; 
kham deui. 2. imcidae^ jhukiLu& ; tnMil k. ; 
mja k. S. app^3r> la^c^o^ ; dil diDii^ jt jamft- 
n^ 4. middntfy. baa OMn l&ui ; ler k. ; Miiki 
k. ; ma^flb k. ; q&ba men I^&. 

5. baWy bend tke htae^ jhuku& ; niTni; 
niburuE ; air jbiikiLua ; rukU men jSLziiL 
bend ona'e (iyes ikpon,. mii^k«) dekbua. 

Bmtduttf k«r t}v«« trt^m txma to uiu«> upoa k«r | 

parent. w. :<<jvCt. [^L 

Ghari jhari mar iHur-ia ijtpne md biip ktf iitkkfi 
b«md o/m's m**y^ cbalua ; rab leua. 
btfmi the brow^ bhart^n cbarhatia« ja taaol ; teori 

meu bal dalu^ 
Bi&d» T. u\ L jbokna : murua ; bal kbioA ; 
terha bona : kham khaua. 

1. iJtc&M^ to, mail k. ; ruja k. 3. bmdomU 
eowTTte^ muruJI ; chakriua ; phirtia. 
Bend* u. [H. bMk] bank; mo^ ; bed; tefh; 
kaji ' pber ; cbakkar ; ktiam ; pecb. 

Bitmi \}i .x riwr. l>vry*i kd mufr. 

Beaeath» adv. uiohe. St^e Below, adr. 
BiMath> pre(.N 1. See Below « prep. 

3. wttaorthy o/, ui-liiq (^Below^ 3.) 

Tbw U 'mututh vv»ur uoCtw. 
Yfih iip ^ k^t^iJtC kt JvM4( mjthik 4a«. [UUq mahik 
ben^ith your dit/i^Uy, ap ke rutin? ke> y& &p kd 
Btnedick» a. Beuevlicc bvaha; katkbudik 
Benediction, u. a>u ; a.shirl>aa ; kalUy^ ; du&; 

dua-i'khatr ; l^rakat ; dua ^va ; mubarkL 
Benefaction, u. bar ; Ik*. a ; dau ; bakbahiah; 

khairat ; atlva ; via^i o diihiab ; puu-d&n; 

iuil^m o ikr^iu. [waqt 

pMic btm-^r^'tion, aaukalp: khairat; ril^h-t>im; 
Bene^Mtor, u. data ; dtu-da\al ; dayavau ; ap> 

kari ; davaU ; karuu ; moham ; taiyaa ; pun* 

uiyacina ; dbarmi ; vUianu>acma. F&iyiian. 
Bene£actreas, u. dayalau; davavanii ; Wiaian; 



:8, n. Krishn-arpan ; Panmeshur-het ; 

^au-nimat ; muafi-i-khauqah, ji dar- 

; haq-i-ira&m. 

^ence, n. den ; upkir ; karam. 

»iit, adj. upk&rlj mehr-ban; sakbi; d&t&; 

kz ; karini. 

^9 &<)J* gun-kari ; sfid-mand ; phal-d&- 

; achchha ; mufid ; faida<Diand. 

daily, adv. Hude^se. 

, n. 1. a favor conferredj kirpa ; anu- 

; bakhshish ; mehr-baai ; inayat ; al- 

ehsan. [are fresh. 

Ben^fiUy like flowers, pleMe most when they 
Tazah ehtdn tdzepktl, bdal ehtdn bdH phUl. 
profit, labh ; l&ha ; pr&pti ; jaft ; basil ; 
I ; faida ; nafa. 

K performance given for one's hen^/U, 
Eh 9wdny yd rdg tnandU kisi he ttpkdr lee liye. 
rf cUrgy, khas haq padrf ki rihai ka. 
» V. a. bhala k.; f^eda k.^ upk&r k. 
, y. n. faed& uth&na ; nafa, j& ftledil h. 
lenoe, n. 1. good mU, bhala chitna ; 
-khwahi ; khair-andeshi; shafqat. 2. com- 
ry ratey bhet-pi^a ; nazi-ana ; salami, 
lent, adj. khair-khw&h ; khair-andesh ; 
lihad; nek-niyat; kbair-sig&l ; bhal& 

ted, adj. rilt a gal ; andheril ho gaya. 
» Benignant, adj. shafiq; khallq; hallm; 
I ; mehrban. 

ity, n. kirpa ; mehr-bani; karam; altaf ; 
lat ; liitf. [mat se. 

[jt adv. kripa se ; mehr-bilni se; mul&e- 
L, n. asis ; dua. See Benediction. 
. l.^fearure, jhok; kaj ; mor; kham. 
tension^ ati jhok, ya kham. 3. incUna- 
jhukao ; ragbat ; mail ; roail&n. 4. de- 
nationj ichchha ; qasd ; iraJa ; azm. 
^j. 1. curved, mura-hOa; kham-dar; 
lidah. 2. resolute, dridh ; jama-hua ; 
JT bandhe-hue ; mazbQt. 
T, {Meek.) muri dandi. 
it on Mischief, shar&rat ke sir bona, 
t>, V. a. thitrana ; sun k.; akran&. 
e, V. a. saiihnil ; ba|-ai k. ; tailf k. 
L, n. loban. 

th, V. de-mam& ; chhor mama; de-j&na; 
likh dena; vasiyat men dena; tarka 
hiba k. 

I for a public purpose, rif&h-i-ani ke 
waqfk.; sankalp k.; waqfk. 
;, n. saAkalp; waqf; tarkah; mil-i- 
h ; mal-i-matrukah. 
bequest, hiba-qatai. 
bequest, biba-muqaddam. 
S Y. a. le-len& ; chbin len&. 
nnent, n. ganii ; maut ; mauta. 
p. p. hidi ; bin ; khali. 
^ means, bcHvasiU. 
. pah&r ; bim-ichal ; koh-barftni. 
1. [H. ber] plum, ber ; pipli; barkaula. 
D. 1. cabin, jahaz \Sk kamrah. 



2, a poH, naakri; asami; ohdah; jagah. I 
to give a wide berth to, dar, y% pare rahni. 
Berjl, n. firosa. [Sjiti k. ; girgi^fani. 

Beseech, V. a. bint! k.; mint! k.; minnat k. ; 
BeseeiB^ y. [H. bkdnd] sohn&; zeba h.; jog 

b.; shaist& h.; munftsib h. ; laiq h. 
Beset, y. a. I. hem tn, ghem&; gher lenil; 
gheril dalna; muh&srah k. [gkerliyd. 

We ar« bent with thieves. Choroh ne kamek 
2. fall upon, a parni; tQtparni; charh- 
na ; charh janl. [k.; &jiz k. ; bairan L 

8. harass, tang k. ; satana; nak men dam 
Beshrew, y. a. [A. S. searwa = Skr. srap, H. 
hos curse] kosna; kosn&-k&tu&; kalapna; 
sariLp d. ; dusisi^ ; bad-du& d. 
Bdshiew kbn, int ag lage ; bhUr men ja^ 
Beside, prep. 1. wear, pas; nere; kane ; sar 
mlp ; nikat ; lag bhi^ ; as {mIs ; dhore ; ore 
dhore; nasdik; pahla men; muttasil; 
qarib. 2. distinct from, pare ; alag ; aur ; 
nijari; bacha-hu&; juda. [MAor. 

Betide the question. Baks, yd muqaddama se 
Beside the purpose. MaUab se hdkar, 
beside oneself, ape meA nahin ; ape se b&har ; 

az khud-raltah ; be-ipe; be-khud. 

Besides, adv. aur ; flpar ; filtG ; uprint ; ziyi- 

dah ; sivEe iske ; mft-siva ; alawE. [sivE iske. 

besides that, aur yeh bai ; alavah barto ; ma- 

to be beside one's self, ape se b&har bona; az- 

khud-raftah h. 
Besiege, v.a.gherad&ln&; gher len&; muh&sr&k. 
Besieged, n. ghire-hue ; roahstlrin. 
Besieger, n. gberfl dalne-v&le ; muhSsirln. 
Beslayer, Beslobber, v. a. thak chatna ; ch&p- 
lusik.; khuaye sahlana; khushamadkibatenk. 
Bealime, Bennear, v. a. 1. bedaub, chuparni ; 
til§ k. 2. foul ; bi^Urni ; lathepia ; bhamS ; 
aladah k. 8. disgrace, rusyi k.; ab ya lali 
bigarna ; pagii utami. [sohni ; jarob. 

Beaom, n [H. buhdru] jharti ; buhari ; barhni; 
^etomof destruction. Tabdhi ki jkdri. 

Besot, v. a. 1. stupefy, be-hosh k. ; madhosh k.; 
nashe men ullQ k. 2. infatuate, pagal banani ; 
div&na k. ; saudai k. 
Bespangle, v. a. sitare lagina ; bindi, pot, ya 

shisha lagani ; afshfca k. ; afshaii chunnX. 
Bei^atter, v. a. 1. soil, bigaru&; ohhlnte 
dalua ; gandS k. ; ni-pik, y a kharab k. 

2. asperse, kalank lagiua ; battt laginS; 
tobmat, bohtan, ya dag la^a ; barf Una. 
Bespeak, y. a. fannan& ; hukm d. 
Besprinkle, y. a. chhiraknft ; chhirkiio k. ; ab- 

jwLshi L ; cbhintna ; chhinte d&lna. 
besprinkle with rose water, gulab ohhirakna ; 

gidab-p&shl k. 
Best, adj. achcbhe se aohcbha ; sab se ach- 
chha ; bbale se bhala ; uttam ; siresht ; um- 
dah ; tohfa ; aula ; afzal ; ahsan, behtarin. 
The best is best till better is found. 
Hoi hektar yeh jab iak ki bdOar mUe. [luUhih Prov. 
The 6«ft is best cheap. Prov. Kamkhmrek bdlA- 
The 6€si of it is. Tsarfd fytkhai. 



at its best, ur&j par ; bahar par ; joban par. 
make the best of, bare bhale nibahna ; jaise 

banc vaise k&m nikalnil ; bhugatn& ; nibahna. 
make the best of one's time, vaqtkohathse nadena. 
tlie best man, dQlba ; sbabbala (bride's man). 
io do one*s best, apne par basate sab kuchh k. ; 

apnc jante khQh koshish k. ; hat-ul-maqdfir 

zor marua. 
to put one's best leg foremost, chalta pSlon &ge 

dharna ; himmat k. 
Bestial) adj. [H. bhtshtaf] bhishtal; bhirasbt; 

pashil'saman ; jiliivar-ki-Bi; haiv&ni; haivan- 

sii-at; haivan-khaslat. 
Bestiality, n. bhirashttai; n&-paki; baiv&ni- 

yat ; nafsanyat. See Penal Code. 
Bestir, v. a. hath pair inSUuft ; sir ^r! pair 

paly a k. ; daur dhup k. ; kb&b koshish k. ; 

jad o jahad k. ; sal k. 
to bestir oneself^ kasmasan^ ; pahlQ badalni. 
Bestow, v. a. [A. S. steow, Skr. stha place] 

1. place, dharna ; rakhna ; tikana. 

2. confer, de-dalna ; deoi ; bakhshish k.; 
ata k. ; inayat k.; marahmat k. 3. (cu cha- 
rity) dan k. ; pun k.; khairatk. 4. (in mar- 
riage) sagai k. ; mangni k. ; byahna. 

5. apply, lag-ana ; kharch k. ; sarf k. [aUl. 
Bestowal, n. dcna ; dan ; bakhshish ; aim; 
Bestrew, v. a. chhirakna; bakhema; khindana. 
See Strew. [var h. 

Bestride, v. n. charh baithna ; savari k. ; sa- 
Bet, n. hor ; daoi'i ; bazi ; biird ; shart. 
Bet. V. a. [H. bad] budna; hor ya shart badna; 
daoii lagana. 

I het you, you can't do that 

Main shart lagdtd hUh hi turn nah^ Icar sakU. 

Betake, v. a. lagna ; rnju b. ; mutavaj.jah h. 
Ho betool- himself to flight. Woh hhag niUa. 

Betel, Betel leaf, n. pan ; tambol-patr ; barg- 

betfl 6r>^, pan-batU ; pitari; pan-dan; khasdan. 
betel plant, nagar-bel. 
betel seller, panvan ; tamboli 
prepared betel, bm ; khili ; gilauri. 
Betelnut, n. chhaliya ; supari ; kasaili ; phal. 
Bethink, v. n. sochna ; bujhna. See Think. 
Betide, v. n. [H. bitnd, Skr. byatit] 

"iii-parna ; ana ; a-jana ; bitna ; bona ; 

pcsli ana ; gnzama ; vaqe h. ; nazil h. 
Wh.itever may betide. Kuchh hi ho. 

Betimes, Betime, adv. savere ; ago; pahle ; bar- 

viKit : vaqt se ; thlk vaqt par ; bar-mahal. 

To rine betimes in often harder than to do all 

the (lay'H work. Barrow. Snvtre uthnd aksar 

$dre din Ice kdmoh se mushkU hat. [Shak, 

He tires hetimts that spurs too fast betimes. 

JaUH daare so jcUdi hare. Prov. 

Betoken, v. a. batlanS, ; jatan^ ; chin, ya lach- 

cbhan dikhana ; alamat zahir k.; dalalat k. 
Betray, v. a. 1. give vp treacherously, daga so 

dushman ke hnvale k., ya pakarva dena. 2. 

mislead, bhulaiia; bahkana^ gum-rah k. ; 

dhoka d. ; ulti rah batana ; 3. close, bhed 


kholna ; bhanda phorna ; pard& f^h k. ; 
fash, ifsha, y& ashkara k. 4. show, dikhana ; 
jatan^ ; pata dena ; zahIr k. ; khol dena. 
to betray one's secret, raz ifsha k. ; bhanda 

phorna ; bhed kholna. 
Betrayer, n. kaptl; daga-baz ; be-vaflL 
Betroth, n. sa^I k.; madgni k ; sambandh k.; 
nisbat, ya mansflb k. [ropna ; nisbat. 

Betrothal, Betrothment, n. sagal; mangni; 
Betrothed, adj. sagai-bul ; mangni-hui ; mange- 
tar ; mansiib. 
Better, adj. [P. behtar, Skr. hhadra good] ach- 
chha; bhala; behtar; aula. 

He is better than I. Voh tnujh te achchhd haL 

He is better now. Vohab achchhd haL 

Half a loaf is better than no bread. Prov, 

An-hot te ddhi bhaU. Prov. 

It is all the better. Tohhi bekUxr yd sahl. 

It is better to trust in the Lord than to put 

confidence in princes. 
Parmeshar par bharotd rakhnd rdjdoh fe bhor 
roan rakhne u achchhd hai. 

better of, khata-pita ; asQdah-hal ; khush-hal. 
to get the better of one, kisl se age barhna ; kisi 

par galib ana, ya sabqat le-jana. 
(yn?s better half, ardhangi ; pran-priya. 
for better or worse, jo ho so ho ; chkhe bhala, 

chahe bar& ho. 
Better, v. a. banana; sanvamE; sudhama; 

barhana ; behtar, rast, durust ya islah k. 

Love betteri what is best. Words, 

lahq kar detd hai behtar ho bhl us se behtar. 

Betters, n. superiors, bare; achchhe; achchhon; 

I have seen your betters. 
Main we tumhdre achchhoii ko dekh liyd hai. 
Betting, n. hor, ya bazi lagana ; shart budna. 
Between, Betwixt, prep, bich ; bich men ; men ; 
darmiyan ; mabain. 

Between two stools he fell to the ground. Tror. 
Dubdhdmehdono gae, mdyd Rdm. Prov. 
between ourselves, ham turn men; ham men tum 

This is between ourselves. 
Yeh bdt ham tum men hi rahe. 

Beverage, n. daru; bhang; shaiub; kashid; 

mad ; arq ; sharbat. 
Bevy, n. 1. (of birds), jhund; tukri; gat; 
jhillar; bar; gol. 2. company, mundW ; toll; 
jhund; jhiimar; jliurniat ; para; gol. 
Bewail, v. n. hath roalna; afsos k.; rona. 
Beware, v. n. savadhan h.; khabar-dar h.; 
agah h. ; hoshiyar h. ; chaukas rahna. 

Beware of the dog ! Kutte se khabar-ddr raho t 
Beware of him who regards not hia reputation. 

Prov. Jo apnl UzcU se na dare usse darye. 
Beware of all, but most beware of man. Pope. 
Chaukas rah'iye sab «e, par sab se chaukas nar se- 

Bewilder, v. a. bhatkana; bhulana; gbabrana; 
gumrah k.; sar-gardau k.; pareshan k. ; 
hai rati k. 

Bewildered, adj. bhula-bhatka; harbaraya-hua ; 
ghabraya-hua ; gumrah ; sar-gardan ; par- 
eshan; havas-bakhtah; paragandah; hairan. 


Bewilderment, n. ghabr&hat ; sar-gardanl ; 

paresh&Dl ; hairioi ; paragandag!. 
Bewitch, V. a. 1. afftci hy vntchcraft^ jadG k. ; 
ton& k.; mdth phenkna; mantr k.; muth-oba- 
laii& ; afsQn k.; tilism k.; sehr k. 2. ftuci- 
ncUe, mohua ; rijhana ; lubhana ; bilmana ; 
&refta, y& maftQu k. ; &sbiq kar lena. 

The charms of poetry bewitch oufsouIb. Dryden. 
SkAin dU^fareU hai. 

Bevitehing, adj. mobni ; cbit-cbor ; roan-lei^ ; 
Inbh&Q; dil-fareb; faslin-s&z; dil-ruba; 
jida-cbashm ; sebr-amez. 
Bqrend, adv. pare ; udbar ; p&r ; dur ; us-taraf. 
bepond expectation^ ummed se bahar. 
B^ond, prep. [A. S. ^eo/id.] 1. on the further 
die of^ p&r; parle-par ; udbar ; dusri taraf. 
Beyond the sea. Samandar par. 
2. above, bahar ; barbti ; ziyada ; sivae. 
It is beifond my power. 
Mere ikhtiydr se bdhar hat, 
Beyofnd one's reach. QAbU se h&har , pahuneh 
se bdhtKT. ' [bdKar. 

Bepond one*s means. HaisiycU, yd fnaqdUr se 
Z. farther than, dOr; bahar; age ; pare. 
heymd the limits of the said territories, 

qabtmrau mazkur ke babar; us ilaqe ki 
badd se babar. 
beyond oneself, ape se babar ; az-khud-raftab. 
I ffo beyond, badd se guzarua ; tajavuz k. 
BeMl, Bexil, n. kagar ; bar 
Beioar, n. zabr-bad ; zabr-mobnl ; tiriyaq. 
BL[Lat. bis, S\T,dva, H.<fePer. do] (Incomp,)h^ 
B Jan g n l a t e, Biangnlated, Biangolar, n. du- 

koniya ; dq kone-dar ; do-gosbL 
Bias, n. [Fr. biads. It. sbrissare, H. phiealnd to 
slip], pas ; pacb ; mail ; mail&n ; taraf-dar! ; 
iltifat ; taassub. [pas k. 

Bias, y. a. mail L; rilgib k.; 6k tarf jhnkn&; 
Bias, adv. an ; ureb ; urebvan ; katarv&n. 
Bib^ n. gaddl. 
Bil^ v. D. [Lat. bibo, Skr. pd, H. pi drink] 

cbiiski lena ; gbunt bbama. 
Bibacions, adj. mad-priya; ma^parast; sba- 
rabi; badah-kasb; sharab-kbuar. [sbap. 
BibUe, Babble, n. bakvas ; jbak ; zatal ; gap- 
BiUe, n. kitab-i-muqaddas ; anjil aur taumit. 
Believers in the Bible, i. e. Christians, Jews, 
and MusalmanSy Ahl-i-kitab. 

the Hindu bible, bed ; ved ; grantb ; shastar. 

the Musalman's bible, qunln. 

the new Testament, anjTl ; abd-nama-i-jadld. 

the old Testament, taurait ; abd-u&ma-i-atiq. 

BiMeoath, n. anjil ki qasam ; quran ki qasam. 

Hblical, adj. kitabi; pustakT. 

Bibliography, n. pusbtakbiddya ; grantb 

biddy& ; kit&bi-ilm. 
BiUiolatry, n. potbi-ptijan ; pustak-pfijan ; 

Bfldiology, n. ilm-ikitab ; kit&bl ilm. 
BibliomaiLGy, n. fal ; pu^htak se shugOn lena. 
BiUJomania, n. kit&b ka hauka. 
BiWomaiiiac, n. kitabon ka klr& ; kit&bl klr&. 
Bibliophile, n. sbauqfn-i-kitab. 



Bibliotheca, n. girantb-alae ; kutub-kbanil ; 

kitab-gbar ; majma-ul-uliim ; makbzan-ul- 

ulQm. [khana. 

Bibliothecary, n. darogab, ya mubafiz-i-kutub- 

BibaloOB, adj. 1. ab-kasb ; jazib. 

2. mai-parast ; sbarSlbi ; mai-kbuar. 
Bi-capsolar, adj. (Bot.) du-dodya. 
Bicephalons, adj. du-sira ; du-magza. 
Bicker, v. n. kbat-pat k.; nok-jbok k.; jbagra 

k. ; larna ; jbagarna ; tanta k. ; rar k. 
Bickering, n. jbagnL ; tantk ; jbarap ; noka- 
• jbokl 
Bi-color, adj. du-rang&; du-rangi; dbup-chbau; 

ganga-jamni ; cbap ; kiial ; ablaq. 
Bi-comous, adj. dii-8ingl ; du-siaga; du-sbakba. 
Bi-corporal, ady. dobre-badan-ka ; mota (fat) ; 

Bi-cmral, adj. du-tanglL ; du-paya. 
Bi-cnspid, adj. jarh (grinders) ; du-noka. 

Bid, n. boll ; dam. 

Any bid for this 1 Isle waste hiy& dam f 
Bid, V. a. [Skr. vad speak]. 

1. order, aggya k.; irabad k.; bukm k. 
Do as you are bidden, and youMl never bear 

blame. Hukm bajdo, dosh na pdo I 

2. call, invite, bulana ; nautna ; davat k. 
1 tLmbid forth to supper. 

Mi^he jeon&r k& bul6v& haL 

3. offer a price, boll bulna ; dam lagaua. 
to bid at an auction, boll bolua ; dak bolna. 

it bids fair, as bandbti bai ; ummed bai. 

bid farewell or adieu, bida k. ; Kbuda-bafiz 

bid goodday, rukbsat k. ; kbair-bad kabna ; 

bandngi k. ; salam k. ; Allab-bafiz kabua. 
to bid God-speed, Allah-b&Bz kabna ; Ram ko 

saunpna ; Kbuda ke supurd k. : Allab nigcb- 

ban kabna. 
Bidder, n. boll bolne-vala. 
to be sold to the highest bidder, barbti boU ko 

bikna ; ziyada bolne-vale kc nam cbbutna. 
Bidding, n. aggya ; farman; farmaisb; irsh&d; 


To do one's bidding. Hulem bajd ISna ; Ifggyd 
anus&r Ic, ; hah& mSnna ; tdmil-i-hukm k. 
Bide, [A. S. hidan], v. n. See Abide. 
Bide, V. a. 1. endure. See Bear (3). 2. wait for, 
ausar takna ; sabr k.; mauqa dekhua. 

I'll bide my time. Apnd mauqd dekhUhgd. 

Gh&t men rahnhgd. 
McUh mauqd dekhra?M huh, [dfint hon. 

Bidental, adj. du-dan(& ; du-sbal ; jiske do 
Biennial, adj. {Bot.) du-barsi ; du-sala. 
biennial settlement, band o bast du-sala. 
Bier, n. artb! ; bivan ; buii (Wom); sirbi ; kat 

ki gbori (Poet.) ; janaza. 
Bifer, n. (Bot.) du-fasli pauda; dumrczi. 
Bifid, adj. (Bot.) du-chira. 
Bifidate, Bifidated, adj. cbira-hua ; chak-shuda. 
Biflorous, adj. (Bot.) du-phulli; du-bute-dar; 

do pbiil-dar ; do-phulya. 
Bifol^ adj. dobra ; do-tab. [barga. 

Bifoliate, adj. du-pattiya; du-patte-dar; du- 


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Vmeny measure, da-t&l; da-t&l&. [aus-nam. 

\Uary nomenclaturej jins o fasal nam ; Barb- 

BDUla» Bmoua, adj. 1. jotia ; jofe-d&r ; tuam. 

3. (Bot.) du-pattiya. 

Bimd, Y. a. [Pen. hand, Skr. & H. handh,] 

I. tie together, bandbn&; gathri, gattbi, ya 

gaddl bandhna ; ek jagah, y& ildiatU bandh- 

nil; inil&-ke bandhnl. 

Bind them in bundles ! Oaddiydh hdMh lo f 
Bind eo m you may unbind. Prov. 

4i9d bdhdko ki kkol tako, 

S. (a book) pattba cbarb&n&; jild bindhni. 

3. make fast, pakkft k.; drir k.; mazbtit k.; 

mohkam k.; oiustalikam k. [uthd. Prov. 

Bind fast* find fast. Prov. S<Mhdlrakh, gi» 

4. enwrap, lapetnft ; bindho^. 
Bind op my wounds ! ZakhmoA ko hdhdk do/ 

5. enchain, bindb len& ; jakarna ; hat-kari» 
fi beryan d^na; musbken b&ndhii& ; gitiftilr 
L; qaid k. ( 

6. restrain, b&ndhn& ; rokn^ ; b&z rakhni. 

7. congeal, jam&na. [jiud hau 
Frost binds the stream. POle m iidld jam 

8. moke eoetive, ar k. ; qabz k. 
Certain food bindt the bowelf . 
Bdz gitd qabz harH koL 

9. oblige by kindness, ehsaa se Ul&dbna ; 
mamnun k. ; ehs&iimaQd k. 

10. oblige by contract, abd-u&ma likbv&ii&; 

shart kaiiln& ; p&-band k. [y& 8au&pn&. 

IMt appreniice, abagird k. ; sbagirdi men l&na, 

bind by oath, qasam len& ; bacbaa lena. 

hind over, 1. bukman talab k. ; saman bhej- 

kar talab k. 2. hSLzir-z&minl, y& fel-sdUninl 

lena. (bOr k. 

hind to, b&&dhn& ; sambandb k. ; zor k. ; maj- 

hind up in, mil j&na ; jot men jot sam&nSl ; ek 

jigar ho jana ; lau lin b. ; dori lagni. 

His life U bound up in the lad's life. [koL 

Usk% tindgH vske lafke ki Mlndgi ke tdth la0 kul 

Biaier, u. 1. one who binds, bafidbanyi; ban- 
dhanh&r; bandkne-w&UL 2. bondage, ban- 
dhan ; patti ; band. 3. astringent, qabii* 

hook-binder, jild-fi&z ; jild-gar. 

Binding, n. 1. See Binder 2. [daftL 

2. cover of a book, gattS; pattbi; jQd; 

Bfaiding, adj. vajib ; lazim ; vasiq. 

nudwiUy binding, lazim malzum. 

Bmdwaed, n. bel ; lattar. 

Vm, n. [Lat. vinea, vine, H. bel, Litb. pin^, 
H. lipatnd to twine] bel Isa sut. 

BiBooalar, adj. du-ankha; du-cbasbmft. 

Blaoevlara, n. du-nall, y& du-ankbi durbin. 

l»fa«m^^j adj. 1. (Maih,) do-adadl. 

2. (Bot.) See Binary. [usul. 

KBomial theorem, do adad ki phail&vat k& 

BiBomialy n. jur?a& ftnkh ; do-adadi miqdar. 

Biiotcnioilt, adj. do-euriL [navis ; r&vL 

Biog;ripher, n. birtUnt likhne-v&l&; tazkara- 

Bfegxmpliie, Biographical, adj. birtilntik; taz- 
ke mntaalliq; birtant sambandhl. 


Biography, n. birtant; tazkara; aaor-guzasht; 

Biology, n.jiu-biddya; ilm-i-bay&t. 
Biological, a^j. mutaalliq-i-ilm-i-hayat. 
Biparons, adj. ek sath do bachcbe dene -vale. 
Bipartite, adj. do-bb&ga; do-juzl. [uisfa-nisfi. 
Bipartition, n. &dbam-^b; adliam-ud; tansif; 
Biped, adj . [Lat. bi = H,bd two ; Lat. pedes = S. 

pad foot dwi-pad , do pSon-vala ; du-paya. 
Bipennated, adj. do-pankb-v&la; do-paukhi; 

Bi-pinnate, a4j. (Bot.) dohra-paril&. 
Biq[iiadrate, n. mal-ul-mal ; chautbi quTTat, ya 
cbarhao ; murabbe k& murabba. [bed ; ket. 
Birch, 11. 1. a tree, sanobar ka pef. 2. cane. 
Birchen, adj. sauobrl. 

Bird, n. paldieru ; 'ohiriyft ; pakshi ; panchbi ; 
bibant; ; parind ; t&ir ; mnrg (fowl). 

Birds of a feather flock together. Proy. 

Urth ebirfM ikkatti ek rakg kt 
{kunad ham jins bd ham-jins parwib. P. PtoT.) 
To kill two birds with one atone. 
Ek panth,do k^, Prov. (One means, twoendsV 
A bird in the lurnd is worth two in the bush. 
Prov. Nau tmqd na terd udhSr, Prov. 

(Kine cash better than thirteen credit.) 

, n. pinjril ; ^bak ; qafas. [salyad. 

Birdcatcher, n. cbiri-ro&r; bbeljil; pardhi; 

Birdaeye-Yiew, n. cbil kl nazar; Onche, y& 
isman se dekbna. 

Birdlime, n. lasa. 

Birdsnest, gbo^la ; kbot& ; &8by&n&. 

Birr, v. n. ghar gbar k. ; ghan gban k. ; ghu- 
mar gbumar k. 

Birth, n. [A. S. beordh, byrd, H. bynnd, Gotb. 
gdbaurths, Skr. garbh, H. gydbh.] I. act of 
coming, janam ; paidaisb ; vil&dat. 2. extrae- 
tion, bans ; vansb ; gbaiiUia ; utpat ; nikas ; 
kh&ndan ; nasi ; bunyad ; asaL 3. inJ^erited 
rank, got ; al ; pusbtaini khit&b, y& darja. 

4. production, utpan ; paid&ish ; tawallud. 
Poets are fwc rarer births than kings. 
Bddshdh bahtU, shdir kam. 

5. act of bringing forth, j5pi; jannS; 
(animals) byana, dena, biyant. 

birth'day, janam din ; bars-g&nth ; sal-girah ; 

yaum-i- v iladat ; roz-i -paidaisb. 
birthrplaee, janam-bbum ; janam-asthan ; jae- 

paidayash; zad-bQm; maulad. [paidayasb. 
birth-right, janam-adbkar; maurO^; baq-i- 
to give birth to, paid& k. ; janni. 
Birthsong, n. bolar; jacbcb&-glri; badhaya; 

badbal; bihm. 
Birthwort, n. 1. (long), zarawand-taTH. (1) 

2. (round), zarawand-mudawir. (1) 
Biscuit, n. [Lat bis = H. du-bdrd, & Fr. cuit 

=■ H. pakdrhu&\ a kind of hard bread, mathp; 

tikiya; tikkl; raattbi; qure. 
Bisect, V. [Lat. bis = H. do, Lat. seco, A. shaq, 

seetum- H. kala\ do tuk k. ; sambbag k. ; 

do barabar tukre k. ; do bisse k. ; &dbam ad 

k. ; bich men se k&tn&. 





Bisection, n. sam-bbag ; do barabar ke tukre ; 

do qaU ; do hisse ; &dham Qd ; nisfft nisfi. 
Biserial, adj. do silsilon-ksl ; dobia silsile-v&r. 
Bisezoal, adj. (Bot.) nar-m&da mi)&-hue. 
Bishop, D. L bar& l&th-padri. 2. (Chess) rukh. 
Bismntii, n. phal ; phul-k&nsL 
Bissextile, n. s^l-i-kabisah ; barkb-adhik. 
Bit, D. [A. S. bitolf gehcUelj Ger. gdnsz, from 

bitan to bite] 1. curb, dah&nIL ; nab&rf. 

2. morsel, niv&la ; giras ; kaur ; luqmi. 

3. small piece, tukr& ; phank ; kiracb ; 
dalT ; chit; p&rchS; purzi. 4. smallest degree, 
zar^-sfi ; kuchb bh! ; tanak sa ; bahut thor&. 

5. (a tool) barmil. 

Not a hU the better or worse. 

Kamtl na barh^, joh led tok. 

Kuehh bhcUe na bure ; joh ke toh. 
bit by bit, thor& thor& ; raftab raftah. 
eight-anna bit, ath-anni ; dheli ; t&li. 
four-anna bit, paola ; chav-aDnl ; masha. 
two-anna bit, du-annl. 
Bitch, D. kutly&; kutti; kukri. 

An October bitch. Kdtak hi lutiyd 
Bite, y. a. [A. S. bitan, H. burkl a bite]. 
\, c\U with the teeth, katni; ph&^; k&t 
kban& ; bhanborn& ; biirkl bham&. 

If you cannot bUe never show your teeih.Proy. 

Kdi taho na dAht dikhHo, 

2. pain, lagna ; chirm ir&nS; jal&nH. rjUt. 
Pepper bites the mouth. Mitch se nMhh jaltd 
Frfwte bite the meads. 

Pdldjahgal ho mdr j&td. hai, [thftmbnS. 

3. taJce hold of, pakarna ; pakav lena; 

The anchor bUes the ground. 
Langar zamin pakar ikd hai, 

4. tcdce a bait, mQnh marn&. 

5. cheat, thagn& ; chhalnft ; jul d. 

bite the dust or the ground, khet rahna ; kam 

ana; m&rajana. 
bite the lips, hoiith chab&na ; honth kStn^. 
to bite (a snake) dasDi ; kat khanii ; (a wasp) 

dank mam&. [y& chiplna. 

to bite OTie's thumb at one, angtithi dikhana ; 
Bite, n. I, seizure by the teeth, burk&; bu^ki. 

2. (a fish taking the bait) chhef. 

3. checU, dhoka (Cheat). 

Biter, n. 1 . one who bites, kataha ; kat-kbanil ; 
(a horse) mfliih-marfl ; mozaglr. 

Great barkers are no fitters. Prov. 

Jo bhatiukie haiH to kdUe nahth, 
(Jo garajte haih eo baraste noKin. Prov. 

Clouds that thunder dont rain). 
2. a cheat, daga-baz ; chhaliya (Cheat). 

The biter bit. 1. Chor ke ghar mor. Prov. 
2. Jaise ho tai*d. Prov. (As yoti were). 

Bi-temate, n. (Bot) dohra-ti-patya. 

Biting, adj. 1. piercing, toz; sakht. 
2. sarcastic, chubhtT; taiia-amez. 

biting toords, chubhti-hui baten. 

Bitnoben, n. churan ; nafte ka namak. 

Bittacle, n. See Hinimcle. 

Bitter, adj. 1. karva; tlta ; nlm ; talkh. 

Bitter aloes. Kaj'vn elvfi. Truth is bitter. Prov. 
Sack kaiyd luti. {Al-haqn murrun. A. Prov.) 
Hitter as gall. Pit-sd karvd, karvd zahr. 

2. severe, tund ; tez ; sakht. 

3. calamitous, kam-bakht ; bad- 
santapl; sakht; kar&; manhds. [ma% 

A bitter day. Kam-bahfU din ; b 

4. unpleasing, bun; an-bhaoni 
pasand ; na gavar. 

Bitter words, Karvt bdteh,$ahht lafz, so 

5. distressing, dil-soz ; dard-nik ; 
angez; gam-nak. 

to say bitter things, lagti huL yS chubht 
sun&na; blndhni: kalej& s&lna. y& cbl 

Bitter, n. 1. any thing bitter, karvi chlz 
sha«. 2. (Med.) k&rv! aukhad'; talkb 

Bittergourd, n. tonb& ; tit-kadua. 

Bitterly, adv. 1. piteously, phut-kar 
roiSLr-ke ; dard-n&k! se. 2. severely, 
sakbt ; shiddat se; sakhti se ; tezi, ya 

Wept bitterly. Bahut royd, phU^-har 

Bittern, n. bagl& ; bag. 

Bitterness, n. 1. bitter tcute, karvahat; 

pan ; talkhi. 2. malice, dab ; kliia ; 

bugz; adavat. 3. (of temper), kar\ 

turshi ; tundl. 4. sorrow, sog ; s 

jalan ; ranj ; azurdagi ; afsos ; dil-sozi 
The heart knoweth its own bitterness. 
Dil hd dard dil hi jdne. 
Bitters, u. p). chiraeta ; narangl ke chh 

arq ; karva arq ; talkh-ab. 
Bitnmen, n. ral ; naft. 
Bivalve, adj. du-pharki; do-pata; do-k 

Bivalve motion, khul-mundnl chal. 
Bivonac, n. fauj ka parao ya muqam. 
Biweekly, adj. pandharve din ; pandi 

men ek dafa, ya ek bar. 
Blab, V. a. kholna; bhed kholna; raz za 

fash k. ; zahir k. ; ifuha k. 

Our foreheads blab the secrets of our 1 
Ji men base so mastak dose. 

Blab, y. n. tattle, bakna ; gap hankna. 
When my tongue blabSf then my eyes 

Zabdh meri se gar nikle mere dide pata\ 
Blab, n. pet ka halka ; chhichhora. 
Who will open himself to a blah ? 
Pet he halke se laun bhed kahe f 
Black, adj. I . like coal, kKlvi ; kalauta; 
koda ; kala tava ; sly ah. 

A black hen lays a white egg. 
Kali murgi ke dhaule ande. 
{K6li ma ke gore bachche. Prov.) 

2. dark, undhera; aiidhkar; ghup-nn 
tank. 3. sulL.i, kalT-pili; nllT-pilI (di 
4. liorrible, liaibat-nak ; baul-nak ; 
shat-angez. 5. dismal, bhyanak ; si 
udasi; sogl ; niatami; syah. 
a black horse, niushkl; shab-raug. 
a black sheep, 1, kfili bher. 

2. a b'ld man, buraiya ; khota. 
A black sheep among white lambs. 
(Met.) Bhaloh meri bnrd. 

the black arts, jiidu tona; mnntar j 

to beat black and hhie, martc marte 




h black upon, buri nazron se dekhna. 
; n. 1 . black color, kalas ; kalak ; kala- 
i; kalauns; sijihi; tarikl. 

Black is the iMdge of hell. Shakes. 

KtUak dozakh ki nUhanU 

Blads will take no other hue. Prov. 

Kdle pe ra^sf nahih ehajrhld. Prov. 

Imourmng, kale kapre; matami libas ; 
pe ki tlyal. 3. a negro, blackey, black- 
xw, kalja ; kaltla ; kala admi ; zangi ; 
ri; shldi; habshl; bilal. 
ck and while, likkha, ya chhapa-hua 
5tivez). [karana. 

p tn black and white, likhtam parhtam 
, Blacken, v. a. 1. make black, kala k. ; 
h k. 2. defame, kala munh k. ; kalank 
ma ; dag lagana ; ru aiyah k. ; rusva, 
Mulnam k. 

U in black, (Met) mfinh kal& k.; bad- 
i k. ; niazammat k. 

imoor, n. habshl ; zangl. See Black, 3. 
h a blackamoor while, kale ko gora k. ; 
t.) birtha kam k. 

tMdlyD. 1. jute, y abut klsiyahl. 2.kalIgoli, 
latne ka chin ; na-manzuri ki alamat. 
tMdl, V. a. kali goll sauduqohe men dal- 

na-manzur k.; khilaf rae d.; naraza- 
idi zahir k. 
berry, n. anchha. 
tnrd, n. kastOra. 

board, n. kala takhta ; hisab ka takht^ 
book, n. 1. k&l! kitab ; rajistar-i-qusQr 
rayam. 2. jadu ki kitab. 
»at, n. (Met) padri. 
ieath, n. kal ; mari ; vaba. 
iranght, n. sana ka mushil, ya jullab. 
^arth, n. kali, ya chiknl matti ; chiknaut. 
311, v. a. See Black, v. a, (1, 2). 
in, y. n. kala ho j ana ; siyah par jana. 
•eyed, adj. sivam-naini ; siyah-cliashro. 
•&ced, adj. kal-mOnha ; bur-mOnha ; ru- 
b ; aiyah-rQ. 

flag, n. samandar! choron ka jhanda. 
^ame, n. kaia-tltar. 

piard, n. luchcha ; luchchagunda ; p&ji; 
maash ; luqandra. 

rnardism, n. shohd-pan; luchcha-pan; 
da-pan; bad-maashi; bad-zatf. 
haired, adj. kale b&I-vala ; siyah-mfL 
hearted, adj. siyah-dil ; tira-dil ; sluah- 
b; bad-batin; siyflh-batin. 
lole, n. kal-kothri; andh-kQp. 
Qg, n. jQte k! siyahi. [siyahT-mayal. 

sh, adj. surmai ; kala-s& ; kaljhfiuiva ; 
sad, n. slsa ; murda surma. 
A Uaeklead penciL Surme kl qalam. 
^g, n. chendia; rauntiyH; badzat; shohda. 
lail, n. chauth ; sima-richohha. 
Konday, n. kali jumerat (Thursdai^,) 
nouthed, adj. manh-phat ; bad-lagam ; 
'^ban ; miiuh k& phui*^* 
ess, n. 1. (color) l^las; kalak; siyahi. 

2. darkness, andhera ; tarfkl ; timtr. 

3. wickedness, bad-zati ; nlhayat buriu. 
lamp black, kajal ; siyahL 

Bladder, n. phukna. 
gall bladder, pitta; sahra; talkhS. 
Blade, n. 1. (of grass) pattha; patta; patti; 
tarn. 2. (of a sword) phal ; pbalra. 

3. a dashing fellow,hsAt)sA; chhabili; chhail 
chikanya; tirchha; kaj-kul&h. 

Blade, n. (Slang,) 1. a soldier, banka sipaiya; 
chhail tarvaryk ( Worn) ; chhaila. 
2. (m knomng fellow) siy&na; chatur. 

Blade, v. n. (as corn) phQt ana ; phutua ; kopal 
nikalna; ankur, kura, phutao, ya sui nikalna. 

Bladebone, n. mondhe ki haddi. [chhaliu 

Blain, n. 1. phora ; phunsi. 2. phaphola ; abla ; 

Blamable, Blajne-worthy, adj. 

gunah-gar; q&bil-i-ilzam ; qusQrw&r. 

Blame, n. dosh ; dokh ; pap ; bat ; har£ 

incur blame, barf ana; ilzam an&; dosh lagna. 

Blame, v. a. dokh lagana; dokhn&; ilzam laga- 
na; qusOrwar thair&na ; harflana. 
He ia to blame, Uikd qutUr hoi. 

Blameless, adj. nir-dosh; pak; be-gunah; be- 

qusflr; m&stim. 
Blamelessly, adv. nir-dosh ; tai se. [taqsiri. 
Blamelessness, n. nir-dosh ita ; be-gunahi ; be- 
Blanch, t. a. 1. whiten, dhaula k. ; sufaid k. ; 

ujalna; pakhalnil; ujlak. 2. chhilna; chhilka 

utama; muqashshar L 
Bland, adj. komal ; narm ; mulaim. 
Blandishment, n. mithib&ten; ohochla; ras- 

batyau ; naz ; gamza ; (of the eyes) ishva. 
Blandness, n. narmi; komaltai; mulaemat 
Blank, adj. 1. unvoritten, dhaulft ; chitta ; kora ; 

safaid ; sad&. 2. vacant, khSli ; kor& ; khuk ; 

h&th pasare. 3. confused, ghabraya-hua ; 

hakk&bakka; hosh-bakhta; pareshan; hair&n. 

4. without rhyme, l)e-qa6ye ; be-tuka; gair- 
mnqaffa. [Uiat. 

blank endorsement, sirf-dast-khat ; mahaz-dast- 
to look Hank, dekhte rah jana ; baglen jhanknft ; 
situ, jk chaukri bhQlna ; javab na ban parna ; 
baton ke tote urna ; faq ho jan&. 
Blank, n. 1. void, safai. 2. paper unwritten, 
khali jagah ; safaidi. 3. lot, khall chitthi. 
To draw a ft^ofO;. Kort raknd, y& kksK ckiltkl 

4. (tn a column) na-darad ; kh&li. 
a blank column, kh&li khana. 
blank book, kori bahi ; sadi kitab ; bayaz ; safina. 
to leave a blank, safaidi chhorna; s&di ya khali 

jagah chhorna. 
to leave a blank margin, hashiya ^da chhorni. 
blank door or window, rtikir-i-darvaza ; band 

rukar; javab; jayab-i-dary|za. [gudma. 

Blanket, Blanchette, n. kambal ; kamli; lof; 
to throw a wet blanket upon, rang bhang k. ; 

thanda kar dena : thithra dena ; aish mu- 

naggas k. ; dil sard k. 
to toss in a blanket, kambal nrhana. 




Blare, v. n. lalkarna ; rtiksl dena ; sor se pn- 

karna, [laasaul; chaplOsL 

Blarney, n. lallo-patto ; chikDi chupii baten ; 

Blaspheme, v. Ishvar uindi k. ; Bed nind& k. ; 
kalxna-i-kufr kahD&; mazam mat k;be-adabi k. 

Thou didst bktspheme God. 

1. T$ ne Khudd ki be-odoH H. 

2. Tu ne Pamtethuar H nitidd hi. 

Blasphemer, u. Isbvar, ya Bed-nindak ; kufr 
bolne-vSlla; din ki mazammat karne-vala; 
rnulhid. [kafir; kufrija. 

Blasphemous, adj. IshTar, ya Bed-nindak; 

Blasphemy, n. Isbvar, ja Bed-nind& ; dharm- 
ninda; kalma-i-kufr ; mazammat-i-din. 

Blast, D. 1. gust of wind, jbakkar; jhoka; 
hava k& thappar. 2. saundj Svaz. 3. visUa- 
Hon, bala; gazab; qabr; afat; bipta. 

Blast, v< a. 1. destroy, nfis k. ; sattyanis k. ; 
dba dena ; marua ; g&rat k. 2. blight, jhu- 
ks d. ; mar d. ; murjhaDi ; pasuiurd& k. 

To be Matted in the bud. KhUU hi jhuku jdnd, 

3. (tnth gunpowder) surang lag&na ; b&rud 

se u^-^ dena. 
Uast a mdVkS charoGUr, bad-n&m k. ; rusv& k.; 

dag lagaua. [mei^ pare. 

hlast it, iutj. ag lage; cbOlhe mefi ja@; bb^ 
Blastema, n. (BoV) dddb. 
Blastfomace, d. lub&r k! bbattT. 
Blasting, n. bSlrud se uran&. 
Blastoderm, n. jbilli jis men zardi rabtl hai. 
Blastpipe, n. bhap-uall ; pbukni. 
Blaze, n. l.^ame, lat; luk&; lau; lahar; lapat; 

dhadbak; sbola. 

2. fuhlicatton, pargbaf; ; sbobrat ; ifsba. 
like blazes, (Slang) ba^-I tezl se ; pbak se ; gazab 

ka ; ag babula. 
Blaze, V. n. dabakna ; bbarakna ; lahakna ; 

lapten, ya sbole ulbna ; sbola-zan h. [hai. 

The fire llctzes. 1. Agld lat nikalti hai. 2. Aghharttkti 

Blaze, Blazon, y. a. pbailaua ; dbandboi*a pitna ; 

mashbur k. ; sbobrat d. ; sban dikhana. 
Blazon, v. singar k. ; baDao-tbauao k. ; cbam- 

kana ; ariata k. ; anLsta-pairasta k. ; tasvir 

Blason, n. explaining coats of arms, kbandanon 

ke nisb&uon ke n^m bayan k. 

Bleach, v. a. [A. S. blican, Skr. bharg to shine, 
H. 6Aara^;id to blaze] (dhiip men) ujla,dbaula, 
ya safaid L 

Bleach, v. n. ujla, ya safaid bon& (dliUp men). 

Bleak, adj. 1. chill, sital; sard; khunak. 

2. exposed, kbula; be-ot. 

3. cheerless, sunsan; stinl; udas. 
Bleah and barroD. Laq o daq maiddn. 

Blear, Blear-eyed, adj. dbundha; cbundba; 

dbundhi; cbipnl. 
Bleat, Bleating, n. bhabn bba^u ; bhen bben ; 

bber ki avaz. [bha^ii k. 

Bleat, y. n. mimiyana ; men men k. ; bbaen 

Keed, y. n. 1. lose blood, lahQ, y& kbnn 
nikalna, yS babna ; fasd kbulna. 2. drop as 
blood, tapaknS ; lahQ tapaknS ; cbuna ; 
nikalna ; labQ jar! h. 3. die a violent deaths 
mare jana \ kbOn h. ; qatal b. ; ziba h. 

4. pay or lose money, mundna ; hajamat 
banna. 5. {mentally) dukbyan&; kurbna; 
dU dukbna, ya jalna. 

Mv heart bleeds. 1. Merft dil dukhtft y& jaltft 
hai. 2. MerS jl kattA hai. 

bleed at the nose, naksir chbutna. 

Bleed, y. a. let blood, lahu lena; nashtar 

mama, ya lagana ; rag kbolna ; fasd kholna. 
bleed to death, labu nikalte nikalte mar jana. 
Blemish, y. a. 1, make defective, bigarni; 

nak kan k&tna; bad-sbakl k. ; dag dena. 
2. defame, kalank k& tika lagana ; batta 

lagana; abru bigarna, lena, ya utarna; 

barf lana. 
Blemish, n. 1. stain, dbabba ; obit; cbitti; 

ran ; dig ; aib. 2. disgrace, kalank ; dbabba; 

dokb ; dosb ; barf; dag. 
Blench, y. n. fH. bhUch] See Bhiik. 
Blend, y. n, [H. ghulnd] milua; gbnlna; ek 

bona ; makhlfit h. 
Blend, y. a. milana; kbalt malt k. ; imtizaj 

dena. [amezisb. 

Blending, n. milao; milaunl; mel; ghulna; 
Bless, y. a. 1 . ask a blessing, du& mangni ; 

kbair mangna ; dua k. 

May N&rftyan Has you with milk and children. 
Ndrdyan kare turn dUdhoh nahao, piUoh phalo. 

2. mahs happy, asis d. ; barakat d. ; dua d. 

Blest them which persecute you ; blesa, and 

curae not ! [ma^ / 

Jo iumho satdveh unheh dud do; du9 do, koto 

3. praise, astuti k. ; gun gani ; hamd o 
Sana k. [na. 

to bless from, mabfilz rakbna; am»nmenrakh- 

bless God, dhan bbagvaii kahna; gimabad k.; 

shukr al-bamd-ul-allah k. ; hamd o saua k. 

bless me, bless us, bless my sotU, Ram Ham ; 

bap re bap; ya Khuda ; la haul yali 

quyvat ; astagfir-ul-lab ; al-azmat o lil-lah. 

Blessed, adj. 1. happy, bbagi; kbusb o kbur- 

ram; shad; bag bag. 2. l^oly, maqbOl; 

mnbarak ; mujib-ul-davat. 

blessed disposition, nek-niyat ; nek-kirdar ; 

kbusb-mizaj ; khujista-kbisal ; mubirik- 


Blessedness, n. 1. felicity, auand ; parara- 

anand ; sukb ; param sukh ; khusbi ; kalliyan. 

Single blettednett. Jo kudrd to khiuh. 

2, sanctity, pakl ; tabarruk ; burmat; 

quds. 3. divine favor, kripa ; fazl ; karam ; 

barakat; rahmat ; fazl o karam. 

Blessing, n. [A. S. bletsttng] 1. divine favour, 

Ram jiki den ; Khuda-dad ; karam ; fazl ; faiz ; 

rahmat. 2. See Benediction. 3. See Benefit, 1. 

Blettingt are not valued till they are gone. 

Qjadr-i-nfiyat hue ddnad ki bamutibat-igi- 

rif tar dyad. P. Pror. 




xdl blessings on, asls d. ; du& d. 

is is a blessing to this oounlryj is mulk meh unke 

dam ki barkat ha; y& uskll dam ganlmat hai. 
Iks fsrson who is a blessing, ghar ki barakat. 
rend or pronounce the blessing, ikhii du& pa|fbna. 
BUght, n. [Ger, blichy Bi. plld pale] kanjv&; 

lundvil; phOf; p&la; jholil; th&r; tusar. 
Blight, V. a. jhulasua ; mSrn& ; jhola, y^ pal& 

mar j&n&. 
Btind, adj. 1 . deprised of sight, andha ; &&dbar ; 

netr-h&i; sUr; n&-bln&; kor; zahir; ummij 


A Htlnd guide. Andh& hSdn yd murshid. 
As blihd M a mole, bat, owl, beetle, or buzzard. 
Andkd sBs (blind porpoise), (iivor (wall). 
Who 80 hUnd as he that will not see / Ptot. 
Jan-ke dekhe futhih ut te andhd haun ? 
The blind man's wife needs no paint. ProY. 
Keh par karUn sihgdr, ji^ mor dhdKar t ProT. 
(For whom should I painty my love is blind f), 
BUmd men must not run. Prov. 

Andke andhe, hhSg mat / Ptov. 

He that is stricken hlind cannot forget, \8hah. 
The precious treasure of his eyesight lost. 
Andkd Jo ho ehU'd hai voh l^Hlegd iil'O hyd, 
Anhhiydh jo jd ehuki hwh voh nemat tki be- 
hahdf (Andhd jdne dkkhoh H s&r. ProvX 

2. imtelleetually dark, hlye ka andha ; 
be-aamajh; be-tamlz; be-sbaur; aql ka andha. 
S. mthout an outlet, band. 
A blind alley. Band kOchd. 
A blind boil. Muhh-band yd iachehd pkofd. 
blind at nighty rat-aundhya ; shab-kor ; Fan], 


Untd in the day, din-aundhya. [cbashm. 

Uind of an eye, katia ; kanra ; ek-ankha ; yak- 

becovu blind, andha b. ; ankh phCLtua ; dide 

patam, y& chaupat h. [be-tamiz. 

Uind reception of evidence, ta8lim4-8hahadat 

Blilld, V. a. 1. make blind, audha k. ; netr-hln 

k. ; a&khefi phorna ; nil ki sal&I phema ; 

uikhen nikalna ; na-bitia k. 

2. to deceive, andha bauana; andhen dena, 
y& dalna; &nkhon men khak dalna ; dhokad. 
Blind, n. 1. 6/tfK2f, jhilmill; pardah. 

2. that which misleads, dhoka; andherl; 

bbulava; &reb; hlla; raugalta, 

BliiiGfjld, a(y. ankh-band; ankhmund; ankhon 

par pardah para-hiia. [k. ; andheri d. 

Blmdfoldy V. a. ankh ralchna, mundui, ya band 

nindly, adv. andha-sa ; ankh munde ; andhe- 

pane bc ; andha-dhund ; andhon k! tarah ; 

be-socbe samjhe. 

to follow blindly, andhon ki tarah ptchhe ho 

leoa ; bheviya dbasan ; bheriya chaL 
Bluichiian'slilifl^ n. ankh roiohaull. [andh-kar. 
SUndmaii'B holiday, n. andhera-gup ; andheri ; 
Uindness, n. 1. audha-pan; andhlal; kori; 
Da-b!nEi. 2. (Met.) aggyan-pan, anjan-pan ; 
nik-dani; jah&lat. 
BUmcUnattLe, n« be-kh&r bichchhu. 
Blindfide, n. kam-sor bazQ ; %ikh bache ka. 
To get on the bUndaide of one. 
Kmrn-aor bdtA H taraf and. 

Blmdwotni) n. du-miU; kecbva. 

Blink, V. n. L palak marua, yH michkana; 
ankh jhapakua. 2. tlilna; ankh pherua^ y& 
mofna ; na dekhna ; mQnh pher len& ; igmaz 
k. 3. chauudhiyanil ; ankhen michmichaua, 
y& timtimana. 

Blink, n. 1. glimpse, disht; ek ni^h; nazar. 
2. gleam, tirmire; ohamak ; jhalak; raushni, 

Blinkard, n. palak-pfta ; chundhS. 

Blinker, n. andheri. 

Blink-eyed, n. palak-piU; chundha. [mai^gal. 

Bliss, n. 1. 3.nand; bilfts; khushi. 2. kallivan; 

eternal bliss, Parmauand ; masarrat-i-jSTiaani. 

Blissfol, adj. magan ; anandi ; ramnik ; khush ; 

Blister, n. [H. pJiold, from phtU swell.] 

1. ohhala ; phapola ; phola ; Jlbla. 

2. marham jis se chh&la pa|: jae; upa^r. 
smaU blister, tap-kb&lS. 

Blister, y. a. abla, chhalft, ya phol& dalna. 

Whose sole name blisters our tongue. Skak, 
Z<ibdh jaJti hui usld nSmlete, 
Blister, v. n. abl&, ohhilft, ya phol& parnH. 
I If I proTe honey mouth, let my tongue bUster, 

Shiih. [jal jdi. 

Jo maih chiknl cJmpH hdUh ItaT^htovienMhdn 
Blithe, Blithesome, adj. ziuda-dil; khush-mizaj; 

khusb-dil ; khush o kburram. 
Blithely, adv. kllol-pane se; harak-ke; khush- 

dili se ; khushi se. 
moat, V. n. phaln&; aphama. 
Blobberlipped, adj. baf-honta. 
Blohnose, n. pakaui-^ si nak. 
Uock, n. 1. Iheavy wood, lakkar ; kunda. 2. mass, 
dher; madda. 3. {foi- hats or turbans) gola; 
kalbQt; kalbud; qalib. 4. (/or beheading) 
takht&, 0. a row of houses, lang ; lafig kl 
lang; alang. 6. (Falconry) adda; chakkas. 
l,(Mech,) kfli; khana; lakri. 
8. obst7*uetion, ar ', rok ; baip. 
Block, Block np, v. a. arana ; rokna ; band k. ; 
muMna ; ghema. [muhasara ; inhisar. 

Blockade, n. ghera ; nak e- band! ; qila-bandi ; 
Blockade, v. a. gherna; a^ bandhna; ghera 
dalna ; n&ke-baudi, inhisar, ya muhasara k. 
Blockhead, u. uUu ; kat ka ullu ; gadh&; sath ; 
bachhiya k& bava ; mtlrb ; raflrkh ; khal ; 
kundai-na-tarash; be-vaquf ; ahmaq; kaudan. 
Bloclc-tin, n. dabal, yH mo^ tin. 
Blonde, adj. gori. 
Blonde, n. reahmi fita, ya kinara. 
I Blondlace, n. resham ki lais. 

Blood, n. 1. lahQ ; rudhir ; rakat ; khtin. 

Blood is thicker than water. Prov. 

Lah^pdnln gdrhdhai. {Apnd apnd, gair gair. 
One's own is cue's own, auother's is another's.) 
Fleeh and Uood can't bear it. 
Inaan te iski bardasht nahih ho saktL [kul ; nasi. 

2. lineage, gbaraua ; bans ; got ; khandan ; 

3. high pedigree, uttam kul ; all khandan ; 
achchhi nasally a zat; achchhakhet (StcUlion). 

A gentleman of blood aud breeding. 8hids, 

Mard'i'diarif dll-khduddn aur khush-salljnu 




4. temper, teha (Anger) ; joeh ; gussa. 
His blood was up. 

U»e joik d gayd, yd giutd ekark gayd, 

5. man of fire, gusail ; ag-bsbOla. 

6. murder, battya ; badh ; kh^ ; qatL 
Blood for lAcod, 

Jan hi evazjdn; hkin lee hmUe lAitn. 

7. red juice, khun ke rang ka arq, pani^ ras, 
ya sat ; lal pan! ; gtdabL 

The blood of grapea. Mai Wa-giHL 
flesh and blood, basbrijat ; iDsanijat ; adamiid. 
haif blood, sautela ; dthoi miJi, ja b&p ka. 
in cold blood, jan-bujh-ke ; bil-amad ; qaadan ; 

mvrder tn cold blood, qatl-i-bil-amad. 
in tcarm blood, joeb, gusse, j& kirodh ki 

balat, ya gazab men ; josh men &-kar. 
blood diseases, amriLz-i-khon. 
blood purifier, musaffi-i-kbtln. 
Uood'ihirsty, labu ka piyasa ; khim^Lsham. 
blood vessel, kbtin k! naU. [adi. 

prince of the blood, raj-putr; kanvar; abah- 
princes of the blood, salatln ; al-i-aultanL 
to be frozen (one's blood), kbun stlkbnS, yi 

kbusbk b. 
to be full-Uooded, snrkb sufaid b.; lal banni. 
to shed on^s blood, kbun babana ; kbOn k. 
to suck one's blood, laha cbOsni ; kbiin pini. 
whole blood, sagi; sabodra; ek ma bip k&; baqIqL 
Bloodfroien, adj. jiske labtl ka pani bo ga\a ba 
Bloodheat, n. damv! bar&rat ; bararat-i-kbOn. 
BloodhoTse, n. asU gbora. 
Bloodhound, n. 1. ebikkn kutta jo kbun ki bd 

se sbikar ka khoj lagata bai. 2. (i/^^)picbb- 

lagu ; jan ka leva. [be-rabmi ae. 

Bloodily, adv. kattar-pane se ; sang-dill ae ; 

Bloodiness, n. I. the state, lobu-lub&ni ; pnr- 

kbuDi; kbun-aludogl. 

2. blood-thirstiness, kbun ki pijas. 
Bloodless, adj. 1 . without blood, murda ; be- 

khun ; murdar. 2. without slaughter, bagair 

kbOurezL 3, tcithout spirit, ^u&t; be-bimmat. 
Bloodletter, n. rag-zan; nasbtar-zan; fassad; 

Bloodletting, n. fasd kholna, ya lena. 
Bloodmoney, n. khun-baba. 
Bloodred, adj. kbun-sa surkb. [dnda k! aulad. 
Bloodrelation, n. gotl ; ek pirbi ka ; ek-jaddi ; 
Bloodshed, n. kata-kutl; kbunrezi; kbun- 

khaiaba; qatl. 
Bloodshot, adj. lal; lal angara; kbuni; surkb. 
Bloodstained, adj. khuul; kbOn-aluda. 
Bloodstone, u. sabz patthar jis men surkb 

cbittiyan bon ; brgar-ud-dam ; saiigijitarab. 
Bloodsucker, n. 1. a leech, jouk. 

2. a cruel man, kattar ; jallad ; qossTib. 
Bloodthirsty, adj. lahu ka piyasa ; khuiVkhuar ; 

Bloodvessel, n. rag-ikbun ; sbiryau. 
Bloody, adj. 1. stained with bloody Inbu-luban; 

lahu bhara; khuiValuda. 2. murderous, hatti- 

yara; kbuii-kbuar; kbuu rcz ; jidlad ; qatil. 

3. attended with bloodshed, kbuni. 
Bloody, adv. excessively, ( Fulg) babut hi; niba- 

Bloody finz, n. ano-labO; labu baitbna; antisar; 

Bloom, n. 1. blossom, pbul; kali; gul. 

2. rosy colour, gulabi rang ; pb&l gulftbl; 

gal ki surkbi. 3.Jiushf lali; surkbl. 

4. pi-ime of life, joban ; babar ; umandta 
joban ; gadribat ; cbarhti javani ; nan- 
javani ; javani ; bbabab ; nan-khezi ; agas-i- 
javani; idam-i-ahabab. 

Bloom of youth. Jardni ki bakdr. 
Bloom, V. n. I. yield blossoms, kbilna; pbolni; 

pbul ana ya lagni; bikasna ; sbignftab b. 
2. flourish, babir ana ; joban umagua, ya 

cbarhna ; sbab^ men b. ; nan- ja van b. 
Bloomary, n. bbatti. 
Blooming, part. adj. pbala phUl&; phalti- 

pbQlta; bari bbara; labrati-bn&; lalab&ta- 

bna; labar-babar-karta-bna; abadab; taro 

taza ; shigiiftah. 
Bloomy, adj. pbul-dar; babar-d&r. [sbigUflL 
Blossom, n. pbol; kali; pu8bp;gul;guncb&; 
blossom (of mangoes), maul; maur; baur. 
BloMOM, V. n. 1. kbilna; pbolni; babar par 

&na; pbQl ana; maul, y& baur ana; sbiguflah 

b. 2. flourish, pbalna ; pbulua ; ear sabz b. 
Blot, V. a. 1. erase, metni; dbo-<]aln&; katua; 

obbilnii; kburacbna; qalam phemft. 

2. disfigure, chblutnmcbhaDtak. ; dUg, ya 
dbabba lagaiia; dagi k.; dag-d^ k. 

3. stain, kirkira k. ; dag ya dbabba lag> 
ana ; rusva k. 

Blotted with ink, syabl ka dbabl>& laga-bua. 

blot out, met, ya mita dalua. 

Blot, n. 1. obliteration, niituo; cbbll-cbbal; 

kat-kfit 2. staiv, dbabba; kalauk; kalak; 

kalas; kalauns; dag. 
Blotch, u. dad a urn ; dapphar ; dag. 
Blotchy, adj. dbabbo-dar; dag-dar. 
Blotter, Blotting paper, n. Hiyabi-cbat k&gaz 

ki kitab. 
Blotting paper, n. siyabi sokb; sokbti; siya- 

bi cbat ; kagaz-i-nam-uosb. 
dry with blotting ja^ier, aiyabi-cbat se sukbanS. 
Blouse, n. kanirl; kurtl; kot. 
Blow, v. n. [A. S. hlawan. Genu. WaA^^, H. ^oAtid]. 

1. (xcind) babua; chalua; dolua. 2. pant, 
bahpna ; haunkna ; haplmpriua ; sans cbarh- 
na. 3. sound, ]>buiik se bajna; bajna; bolna. 

4. bloom, kbilna; pbul par fiiia. 
blow over. \. {as a staiin) baithua; tbam jana; 

nikal jana; jata rahua; faro b. 

2. (tcithout efet't,)i\x\]x\w\\.', guzar jana. 
Blow, V. a. 1. dnve by the mud, iirina ; ura d. ; 

ura le jana. 

To blow a gtile. Jhalhir chalnd, [ProT. 

He that blotcs in the du^t t\lL$ his own eye«, 
Dkul urd^ 80 ih'dh andhyaS. [b&n&DiL 

2. tvflatt with air, huva bharna; bulbula 
To bli'W bubbkns. HulLuU uthdnd. 


3. kindle, dahklnl; salgfiii&; phu&k mir- 
tk; pbUokni; inch k., y& lagina. 

Blow 6rat uid tip &fterw*nli. Prov, 

i^iiifc Bulr-ie ptgo. Tkau^d tar-it lASo.flot. 

BloK unitb, aod yoi '^" 

DhaaUnf Mauiio c 

To blow up ■ mio* „ . 

4. ipread wide, pbailiuia; pmsidb k.; 
nutshhur k. 6. to depotU, atfiiet their egg», 
mckkhi b&ithna; sjahi d. [haitkdhua in. 

The meit U all flj-blovD. 0<>tht noiUI 
Um0 a tloud, (Slang) damik^ lagsnE ; dam 

Uienchu& ; bugif a nikaluti. 
ilcw away, Ufini; un deni; pbak ae urani. 
Um« dow), chbatiKDi; lut&ni; girt den&j pat 

ku deul. 
Um Ao< otkf evld, kabhi garm kabhi tbauda h. 
blom IK, haT» bhami ; phulaoL 
bbmme! (Slang) merl n&h kit dilna I 
ikmtif, ho chukni; nikal jauS. 
Um» oMt, phank d. ; bujhft d. ; bujb&na; gnl k. 
Usw«p,V.n. l.tu^lwHh breath, phftiai; phol 

jlDl;apbani&;kuppibojaiiaibaTabbar j&na. 

2. inflate with pride, akarnaj aiathii&; 
phfilaX; aphami; gunir k. [bo juii. 

3. burtt vi/h gunpouder, uf jSni ; bhak ae 
T. a. teold, jbtriikti&; dhatkSrii&; Utftnd; 
jhim&; jhara k. ; are bath leui. 

Uoimujon, kah dena; bbed kboloa; phMk d. 
Binr, n. 1 (tmie, obot; zarb. 2. {with the jiat) 
ghimd; gnrnma; diik; dukka; dhamDka. 
Thit but this iioie might be the be-all and the 
end-*Uber<l SkA 

Far ho haA yih rSr ekhir td i/iia, 
Jar an le m& hijhagrt lv>h iiAtiUn/ 
A word and s blow. 
gt Ml oar et h Ut. Bale am pari. 

3. mdden ailanuly, bola; afat; sadmi; 
guab; qahar; hadisft. i. (Naut.) gale (^ 
teirnd, jbokft; jhapet. fi. egg ofafiy, mskkhi 
ki andi; bj&HI; baiza-i-magafi. 
a blMB/or a blow, ghaiiae ke badle ghansi. 
a Uour-oiU, (Slang) jeonir ; (^vat. 
n uaexpeetat blow, az-gaibi goll; iiat-i-naga- 

hini; balae-nagablDi. 
at a Uoa, ek bi bath, y& v&r men; bhutU-s&. 
la tame to Uowe, gbuaam-ghiai, raukkam-muk- 
ki, ji diikkum-dukka h. ,- bOra-mukki k. 
Prom wordi it cams to hlota. 
Batoit bitok meh kaO-pil he gM. 

Blamn, n. randi ; kasbL 
BlowOT, n. 1. oTte who hlowt, phuknniyi; 
pbftbkne-Til& ; dbnunkne-Tala. 

2. blowpipe, nali; nal; phukiii. 

3. {Slang), chhokri; laundiyL 

SoWB, p. adj. 1. pnfed out, hava. Be bbara- 
hxSt; pbult-biu. 2. out of breath, dam-ohar- 
hi; be-dam; biinpt&; a&Ds-tutiL 

I am quite btatm. itaUt b^iut be-dawt Aun. 
3. (Far.) matof. 
fidl-btowH,ahigaha,h; khila-hu&. 
Bknr^pe, n. nali. See Blower, 2. 
Blowift, IL l.a red-faced uench, chuqandar 
(anrat). 2. bioute, kurti; kamri. 

Blowij, a4j. Ul; surkh-rd. ni obarbl. 

Kabber, n. dudh-pilane-vile ■amaudrf janvar 
Mobber, v. n. [H. bilbildna.] 

1. It^C.aisaroniikig&l afljh jaSa; rote rote 
Ukheii ai^li jana, yi ubalinl; bilbilSni. 

She wept, «he bUibbeTed, and she tore her 
hair. Svift. 

Woh rof, mAptii IJLuot apne hSl. 

2. (at a eamel) balbal^ntl. 

Bladgeon, Q. sontft; khutka; kntki; kuttak; 

daud&. [kabOd. 

Kne, adj. oUa; lila; liljvardi; akkiisi; aamaul; 
blve-et/ed,kara,ni&; kanj^; kair&; anaq-ohaahm. 
black and blue, nlli-pIlL 

to beat lilaek and blue, niirte mirte nil d&l denft, 
BlnSt Q' nil&, jl jbimani nitg. 
Bluebottle, l.^tp, gtih-makkhL 

2.Jlotaer, ek nili phQl. 
true blue, pak^; eachcha. 
Blnebell, a. ghante jaiaa nil& pbOl. 
Blaebook, n. sarkkri rapot. 
Knfl devili, n. udasi ; gamglni. 
»ky blue, akka^; Ssmaiil. 
^Delight, n. mabtabi. 
KneneSB, n. nila-pan ; nil&hat. 
Bloe-oilitmeilt, n. zangftd, y& Dili marfaam. 
Bine nun, shishe ki deo; sbar&b. 
BlaestocUng, n. pandUyan; ilim aurat; 

Blvestoue, Hue vitriol, n. nUa-thotS; saugar. 
Blne-Teined, adj. ni) raggi. 
Blnifi a. l:obtiue, chauta; chakl&, 

2. blustfring, katUr; dhiog, 3. churliih, 

akkhar; dbith; damdhasai'; moghil, 
Blnfi^ n. karafa; dhang. 
Blni^, adj. nUfi-st; nll-gOn; abi. 
Blviahaeai, a. nil-guni. 
Blunder, r. n. I. obakni; bbfllni; bhol k.; 

khati k. ; galat! k. 2. confound, ghal mel 

k. ; ekam ek k. ; khicbri k. (galaU. 

Kander, n, mott bbill; chilk; kbot; UiaU; 
Blnnderbiisi, n. bandaq; qar&bia; dhaniaki; 

Blnndenr, n. galaU kame-vala; galat-go; 

galat'na'viB. [be-vaquf. 

Blimdeikead, n. bhulakkar; modha^ kaudon; 
Blunt, adj. [Dan. blunde, H. bhutra, land not 

sharp.] 1. bhutiH; kund; khundi; kbun^; 

muthi'a. 2. dull, kuud-iahn; gabl; tbas; 

thos. 3. abrupt, ujadj angbar; be-dhanga; 

ui-sblista; bad-aaliqab. 4. rlaintpoken, bi- 

dha; Bidha aada; Baf; khara; do tiik. 

A plain blunl man. SAorloZ idal. 

Blvnt, T. a. I. dull the edge, kund, kbundi, 

j&muthiik.; dbftr band kar dena; bhut- 

r&n&; dbar mam'i. 2. weaken the appetite, 

kam k.; dabana; band k.; khuibJBh kam 

k., gbatatia, ya marua. 
Blnnt, n. Slang for money, chilki; chitU. 
Bluntly, adv. akkbar-paue se; be-dbiinge'pan 

so; na-si^stagl B(}. 




Slntiilness, n. 1. want of edge, kknttd&*paii; 
bhutrill. 3. coarsenestf ni-shiistagi; akkkar- 
pan; ganv&r-pan. [2). 

Blimt*witted, adj. bhoi&dti; matya-tkas (Blunt, 

Blur, n. <k V. iSSm BloU 

Blurt, blurt out, t. kah deoK; be-soche, y& be 
taamraul kabni; kab-baitbn&; kah-uthu&j 
bol-uthna; kah-dalni; sSf kah dena. 

to blurt (Uy aiBa waisa batl&na; haqir batl&na. 

Blnak, v, n. 1. turn red, g&lo& par surkhi & 
jaua ; surkh h. ; lal ho jaua. 

Blutking like the rose. CfnlShi ehkSnd. 
2, he ashafnedy skaroiaaa; khajil h.; laj&na; 
sakuchna; mahjQb h. 

b^tMh (as a flower,) chuhchuh&na. 

Blush, n. 1. laj; hayS.. 2. a red color, surkh 
rang; gulabl ra&g; surkhi; lali. 

at the first blush, pahli jhalki men; dekhte 
hi; avval hi nazar men; l^di-un-nazar men. 

to put to the blush, sharmana; lajyana. 

Bluster, v. n. 1. roar as a storm, sannata 
bhamfi; sansan&na; satin sa6n k, ya 
chalna ; phQu phan k. ; lalkarna. 

2. buUy, bhabakna; gurfish k.; akiH-takri 
k. ; dhamkana; ghurakna. 

Bluster, n. 1. roar of storms, saunati; farra- 
ta. 2. ftfr6ii^fnce, gulgapara; adham; kallS. 
kall&zani; gul o shor; garfish; ak^ takri 
l)arang. 3. boasting, shekhi; laf-zani; bapii 
gafang; ding. [dingiya. 

Blusterer, n« kalle-vala; kalle-dar&Zy laf-zan; 

Blustering, n. See Bluster, 2. 

Bo, iutj. bui; ha ha; havva; iQlQ; h^; hain. 

He could not say -flo to a gooee. Wok hahri ae 

bki dart& hai. (He is afraid of r goat eren). 

Boa, Boaconstrictor, n. 1. ajgar; azhdaha. 

2. (fur), sabar ka gulQband. 
Boar, n. [A, S. bdr, Skr. vdrah] sGar; barah. 
mid boar, jangl! sQar ; banaila 
Board, u. [A. S. bred plank, U. botd a piece of 
wood.] 1. a plank, takhta; pat; patift, 

2. table, mez ; dastar-khuan. 5. deck of a 
ship, takhta-baudi; patiutan. 

To fall over board. Jakdz par n gJr paptS. 

4. side of a ship, jahaz ka pahlu. 

5. pasteboard, pattlia; dafti; vaslL 
In boarcU. Patthe'Uigi hui\ poMhe^Mr, 

6. council J mahkama; ijlas. 
Board of revenue, Mahlcma-i-mdl. 

7. /ooi,petiyll; khurak; khaua-pTna; rotl; 

chabeni; bbojan. 

a small wi-'Uing board, tcakhti ; pattl. 

iwtice board, takhta-i-ishtihir. 

Sadar board, adalat-i-aliah. 

sign board, takhta. 

Board, v. a. 1. cover toith boards, takhte lagana; 
pfttna; takhte dali)a, ya bichhana; takhta- 
baiidi k. 2. (a sJdp) ganim ke jahaz par 
charh jiina. 3. supply with board, theke par 
khana dena. 

board with one, ek chulhe rot! khana. 

Boarder, n. theke par khana khane-viila. 

Boarding^lMuid, n. rahne anr kh&ne pi 
ghar; talib-i-ilmoi^ ke rahne k& makfai] 
dy&rthi bhojanHsb&li. 
Boardiug-sehool, n. madrasa jis meft iXXWi 

rat din rahte haifi ; bhojan-pat-shala. 
Board-wages, n. khQraki; vasifa; rozin& 

beni; bbatta. 
Boarish, adj. brutal, zalim; sang-dil; kat 
Boast, V. n. [8w. posa H. phUlnd to swell] 
m&rna y& haukna ; baraftg h&nkua; s 
k., y& bagharu&; lamb! chaun chha 
dan kl leua; Uf-zanl k. ; taalli k! lena 
Boast, n. 1. (boasting) shekhi; lantaranf; 
11; l&f gaz&f; baral; ding; barang; 

Oreat hoast little roast. Prov. 

l/hchi dUhSfi, phikdpakodn. Pror. 
2. just pride, fakhr ; naz. 
Boaster, n. dingiya; shekhl-khor; shekhi 

bar bola; lAb&r; ba^angi; garangya. 
Boastful, adj. shekhl-khorft; di^giyH; g 

giyi; labiryft. 
Boastfully, adv. shekhi, yi ding se. 
Boat, n. [A. S. 6a« (H. Mf road) H. b*rd 
ufto; kishtl; safina; navarya; nalya; b 
a fl^U-bottomed boat, pateli; bera; ohaurp 

ya nao. 
a ferry boat, ghat, yi utire ki n&o. 
Boat-head, n. kishti ka mohra, ya mathi. 
Boating, n. nao kl sair. 
Boatman, n. mallah; m&njhi; dsindi; k 

b&n; nao-vala; khivaiya; khevatya. 
Boatracing, n. jhinjri. 
Boatwright, n. kishti-saz; nao banane-val 
Boatswain, n. [A. S. 6 itswan\ sarhaug; gait 
Bob, n. [from bib bob the sound.] 1. pen 
latkaii ; jhnmka ; s&qttl ; goshw&ra ; bun- 
In jewels dressed and at each ear a bob. D 
Pahan galtna, h&noh men jhumkoh ho ddl 
2. a jerk, jhatka; dhakka; dhachkR; 
kola; hal. 

A bob of tbe head. Oar dan hd tordu 
3, the burden of a song, antra; as 
baud; tek; maqte ka baud. [L'Est 

To bed, to bed, will be the bob of the sc 
* Ckalo, so raho /' hof/d band rdg kd, 
4. trick, dhoka ; jul ; jh&nsa ; patti ; i 
bala; batola. 
Bob, V. a. [ Beau. <k Fl. they bob with.] 

1. jerk up and down, utbaiia girana; 
niche k. ; uhdub k. 

He bobbed his head. Woh sir matkdtd 
(Like a cork in the water.) 

2. flap, b-tat, tamacha yk thappar lag 
To be bobbed on the face. Muhh par thappar t 

3. cheat, butta, ya jul deua ; chhalni. 
I have bobbed bia brain more than he hai 

my bones. Sluikes. Troiltis and Cressid( 
Jitni usne meri haddiydh kail fiaih uste z\ 
maine uska sir khdyd hai. 

Bob, V. n. 1. dub dub k.; dubakna; jhuk 
2. angle, machhll pakarna. 

These are the baits they bob with. 
Idltich dc ke look phanaate haih. 

; laftdflri; dum-kftU. 
BoUerj, n. {Slan^) jhagri; dangft; ^nU; 

gill o shor; bahd&. 
BobldB, n. [Lat. bombus, H. bhin bhin humming.] 
1. jftn banne ki sal&T. 2. dor!; (Cor,) b&ban. 
Bo1»bmet, (Car,) b&bannaif, b&barnait, b&bar- 

Uit; lotj&li; j&l! lot. 
Bobblairork, n. jtll k& k&m. 
Boblliflii, adj. (Sloprtg) khUsft ; chokhft ; khush. 
Bobbjy n. {Slan/q) dande-T&l&; patte-vili; 

Boae, T. a. [A. S. bod^ a message, S. vad to 
qwak] fliiagfilii, y& saiin den&; ftindah k& 
\al batanl. 

It bod£$ ilL Yth bwrH ikagHn yd ku-tmun hoi. 
Good onset bodei good end. Spemer, 

Nek dffdZf nek anjdm, Pit>7. 

BoWea, n. ai^y&; &Eigf; cholf; mabram; 
I aliti-baQd; kachukT; chhoU kap^a. 
BottoBB, a4j- nir-aAgktr; nir-akar; be-jism. 
BmKIj, adj. dehl; angi ; jismani; jismi; badanl. 
bodily defect^ nuqs-i-jismanf; kay&-khot. 

Virtae Atonee for hadUy dtfeeU, VEairange. 
Kayd'kkoi bo gun purdve. [ehaqqat. 

bodiljf laboTj mehnat-i-jismaol; mehnat; ma- 
bedily power or itrength, sarir-bal, y& shakt ; 

qHTTat-i-jismini; taqat-i-badanl. 
BodfljyadT. ba-jinse-bi; bilkul; mulan; mfd. 
Bodldn, n. su&; sal&i. 
to ride hodkin, (Slang) g&ri meh do admiyoi^ ke 

bfoh men bhicb-ke baithua. 
Bodj, n. [A. S. boddg, (ET. baMhd bound) A. 
badan,'] 1. substance^ vujQd ; maddah ; sbae ; 
baata; cbiz; tat. 2. ma^maZ/raiTte, badan; 
deh;tatt^; saiir; kaj&; q&lio-i-kbiki; ang; 
jum; dbanch; pinda; katbl; jussa. 
Absent in the body, Intt proseot in spirit. 
Dek u dar, man te dhore. 
S. corpse, murdah ; l&sh ; n&sh ; jan&za ; 
loth. 4. collective mcas, gol ; majmCla ; jatba ; 
jhand; giroh; jam&at; mandll. b.corporc^ 
{ton, xumrah ; bir&dari; bhai ja-ch&ril ; pau- 
ch&jat. 6. person, shakhs; adml; nafor; 
kas; jan; koT; mannsh; insan; log. 

Any body; Kol ddmi. Every body. 
ffar ihakktyd tab koi ; har fard-i-batihar. 
Let the poor bidy alone. Beeh6re murde ho jdne do 

7. main part, qalb; bicb; matan« 

8. (a iolid) jism ; dial-dar bastfL 

9. Hrengikj zor; bal; tftqat. 

%hamo^€Moui bodp, jism-i-basit ; yaks&& bastfl* 
s vegetable body, maddah nab&ti, y& nabatati. 
iR amimal body, m&ddah-i-baiv&ni. 
Ml « hody, ek sang; ek ho-kar; ikhatte; 

jhond kk jhund; gol kH gol. 
Ml the body of, matan men ; bfoh men. 
Aehetmemiy bodise, ajrilm-i-flBJaki; Ekas basta. 
lie body of a boat, khol. 
1h$ body of a book, matan. 
tie body of a carriage, hand& ; sandiiq ; phay. 
body of «» army, qalb-i-lashkar ; katak-madh. 
bodfy of a pUmgkeharej akvisi. 

body of a mfiting, matan; asl. [mohfifis^i-tan. 
Body-gnard, n. kb&sa-bardar; (Cor.) b&rl-ghftt; 
Bog, Bog-laad, n. [H. ^pdnk, Skr. pannya water] 

daldal ; dhasan ; andan ; phasao ; pSnk ; ghan- 

ghri; k&dofi. 

He walks upon bog» and whirlpools, whereso- 
eyer he treads he sinks. South, 

Daldal aur bhanvar par woh chaltS hat, jahfih 
pdoh dharta kai umhih dkoi Jdta KaL [totll. 

Bog«honse, n. (Slang) ba^a-darbar; paikh&na; 

Boggle, y. thitakn&; cban&kna; bichakn&; jhi- 

jhakna ; pas o pesh k. [moe. GlawfdUe. 

We start and boggU at erery unusual appear- 
I JhiiKakU bkuchaJcU haih nag tUp pe. 

Bogy, n. [H. bui, from Skr. bhc^' to fly] havT&; 

haQ; koko; lultt; bui. [Thackeray, 

I am bogy and I frighten every body away. 
Main hatwd hUn aur mujh te bhdge haik »ah, 

Bohea, n. black tea, k&ll ch&h. 
Boil,v.n [H. ubdl,h^t, bulla, H. I^6tf/abubble] 
ubalna; auntna; joshkhan2l;khaulnft; phUt- 

boil over, uphanni ; ubal chalnft. [kbUnft. 

boil (one^s blood), kb&n josh men anS; khdii josh 
Boil, T. a. ubalna; josh d. ; auntanft; khatil&nS. 
He keeps the pot boiling, 1. Wok ddl rotl te 
khuth hai, 2, Utkehdh kan^yd ehdrhiraht^'kai, 
to boil clothes, kapre bhattT chafh&nft. 
boil away, yi9^n%', p&nijal&ni. [pho^ri. 

Boil, n. [H. phaid swelled] dambal ; g&i^an ; 
Boiler, n. deg; patilll. pian. 

Boiling-water, n. khaulta y& phau pftni; ad- 
Boisterous, adj. tund; tez; ndhmL 
Boiiteroosly, adv. dham se; shoe o ^il ke 

s&th ; tundt, y& tezi se. [tundf. 

Boisterousness, n. gul-shor; gangi; adbani; 
Boke, V. [H. oknd, ubaknd to vomit] See Vomit. 
Bold, adj. I. brave, bahadur; dilavar; sQr; 

sCLrma; bir; diler; shnj&; jav&n-mard; 

mardana; sher-mard; sher-dil. 

2. conspicuous, numayati ; dld&iH ; alH ; ali- 

sh&n; jaiyad. 3. ahnypt, khara; sidh&. 4. 

spirit, kushada; faillkh; dil-chal&; ulul-azm. ; 
5. immodest, ni-lajja; shokh; shokh-didah 

be-hay&; bad-lih&z; be-sharm ; didah-dalel. 

What a bold creature ! Kaiti thokhdldah haii 

to make bold,']wri3X k. ; diler! k. ; paon ba|'han&; 
mubadarat k. 

Boldface, n. shokh-didah; didah-dalel; ni-lajji. 

Bi^dfaodd, adj. shokh; shokh-chasm; ni-lajjL 

Boldly, ad V. dilerana ; mard&na; be-bak&iia; 
be-parvai se ; be-muhaba ; be-rok. 

Biddliess, n. 1. courage, dileri; jurat; muba- 
darat; be-baki; birtai; mardangi; javan- 
mardi; bahadurl; shuj&at. 

2, freedom of hand, etc, h&th k! rarai)!. 

3. immodesty, nilajj&-pan; didah-daleli. 
Bole, n. 1 . trunk, tanah ; maudi&. 

2,elod, dhela; dala. 

Bole, n. (Armenian) gil-i-armanf. 

Bolero, n. ek nach jo Haspanya meA hot& hai. 


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loik, T. a. buhli yft ohitthe met likhn&; his&b 
mvh n&m oharhin&i Vajistar men d&khil k.; 
tipol; likhnft. [band. 

BookUnder, n. jild-sis; jild ban&ne-v&U| jild- 

loikbuding, n. jild-baDdi; jild-sAz!.' 

BookMM, iL kiUb kl almftrL [likhtara«rin. 

Book-debt, n. qana az rQ« bahi; qarza-i-tahrin ; 

Book-depot, n. sarkar! kutitb-khinl. [uavfs. 

Booking derk, n. tikaf ban^ae-T&li; liiB&b- 

Bookmg-offlee, n. tika^ghar. 

Bookilk, adj. muuila-dost; kitib-dost* 
A bookiah man. Kitdbt ddwa, 

Bookkoapor, n. jama kharch-navis ; munlm | 

hieEbkitabrakhne-vala; k&gzi; sy&hi-Davia 
Bookkeeping, n. lekh&-jokba; hisftbkiUb; 

babi kbitft [pushtak-biddjl. 

Bod&*knowledge, Book-learning, n. kit&bl-ilm ; 
Book-learned, adj. mullana; maulvl; pandit. 
Book-maker, n. mualHf; grantb^kftr; grantb- 

Book-making, n. tallf ; graQtb-rachn&. 
Bookmate, u. ham-sabaq; bam-dars; ek-pftfbL 
Booksale, n. kitibou ka nilam. 
Book-seller, n. kutub farosb; potbl-bechA. 
Book-selling, n. kutub-farosbf; pustak becbni. 
Book4hop,Book-8taU, n. kutub-farosb kf dukHn. 
Bookstand, n. rebl ; chaukl. 
Book'Worm, n. 1. the insect, kiUlb kH ki^L 

3. a great reader, kitibl-kifi. 
Boom, n. 1. long paU, ball!; chbaf. 2. a chain 

ar bar, iy (Bar, 4). 3. sound of cannon, top 

k! ft?iz; dban dhftfi; danft dan ; daSn da^i^. 
Boom, ▼. n. 1. drone, bhinbbinanll; jbing&m&. 

2. roar, dandan&n&; dbln dbiii k. 
Boon,n. d&n; bar; bakbsbisb; atiyt* 
Boon, adj. l.^ay, kbusb-taba; khusb-miz&j ; 

siDdi-dil; j&rbHsb. 
a boon companion, 1. yar-i-sbatir ; dil-lagi-biz« 

2 kind, kripalQ; mebr-bftn. 
Boor, n« [A. S.gebure, H»ganvdr, H. bogd sower, 

tiller, H. phuhar booby] dehati; j^; dab- 

qin; kbal; jabil; na-8b&i8t& ^diui. 
Boorish, n. gafivir; ujad; jar, ja&glf; vahshl. 
Booriskness, n. ganvar-pan; aiigbarpana; 

phubar-panil; vabsbat. [uobr&. 

Bsose, n. gafl-sili; gatvar; kbarak; gait; 
Boose, Boose, t. n. pTni; cba^b&na; dokoa. 
Bsosing ken, n. shar&b-kbana; kal&lkhUna; 

bhat^; blize-kb&uah. 
Booeer, Booser, n. sbar&bi; sbarilb-kbuir; 

nashe-blz; ma^parast. 
Booff , Boosj, adj. mast ; sururya 
Boot^ T. n. b&ail b. ; prilpt b. ; kam b« 
It boaU not. Be-fdidah hau 
WhMt boots iil Kyd fdXddkt 

to boot, epri ; rHkan ; lubbao ; rQn^ ; mangnf \ 
rairoivie. [manfaat. 

Boot, D. b&sil; priipt; y&ft; labb; a^&; nafa; 

Boot, n. f H. bok a he-goat.] 1. {for the leg) (Car,) 
but; men; jQta. 2. a rack, katb; Lai khSn 
\Jk lakfi. 8. {cfacoaeh)gl!Ci ka sandttq. 

pnt on one*s boots, mose cba^ b&nS ; jaUL pahannft. 
Booth, n. [H. bait/uik a seat, H. bathdn a stall] 

(a temporary stall at a fair, etc*) chbati ; 

kutl; jhonpra; mafidbl; banglS; defft. 
Bodt-Jack, n. jftti ut&rne ki auz&r. 
Boot-last, n« farmi; k&lbQt. 
Boot-less, adj. a-k&rath; nis-phalj l&-hS8il;be- 

fa^a; be-sQd; be-arth; khall. 
Boot-lick, adj. khusbaroadf; chaplus; cbaran- 

bardar; khnsye sahlane^vale: chaparqanatyi; 

kbusbamadi tattu ; jGty&fi 8idh! karne-wSlla. 
Boot-maker, n. J Qtr ban&ne-Tal&; kasbfdoz. 
Boots, n. b&t 8&f kame-v&l&. 
Boot-tree, n. kalbQt. 
Booty, n. [Swed. bpis, H. bdfH sbare] Ifl^; 

rahzani, ya dake ka mat ; maUi-ganimat. 
Ba«peep, n. U; jba; jbSt; ftiikba mankbii; 

&ukh-micbaull; chor cbor. 
to ptay bo-jteep, tukhtk m%kh^ k., yft kheln&; 

jh&t k. I ta jha kbelni* 
Borax, n. [A. burdq] suhagi. [garagar. 

Borborygm, n. garga^bat; garbari qatilqur; 
Border, u. [H. odr.] 1. edge, kiu&ra; hashiya; 

kagar;chhor; d&man. 2. confine, sivanil; badd. 

3. (in a garden) raush ; ravish ; patrf. 

4. (on cloth or paper) bel; h^hiyi; daur. 
border of a field, mefid, dftnla) bar. 

border of a garden bed, kyari kl mend \ daull. 
border of a garment, ntoiili; magzl; b&sbiy&; 

incbal; kor; got; kanni. 
Border, v. n. \,tobe in contact witht laga-ha& 

b. ; d&nd& meAda b. ; mil&-hna h. ; ek had b. ; 

mnlbiq b. 2. approach, pas, qarib, nazdik, 

y& muttasil b. 
Border, v. a. 1 . adorn with a border, bftsbiya 

lagana; got, sanjAf, yH kinar^ Iagan&; raush 

la^ui. 2. touch, chh^nKi mihia. 
Border land, n. bicb ki zamin ; bich kft mulk. 
Bore, v. a. 1. pierce into, chhedn&; bii^dhu&; 

bai*man&; tiithni; sQrilkh k.; raazan k. 
To bore ft hole. SUr'lH, yd chhed k. 
2, pester, diq k.; tang k.; bairan k.; kftn, 

ya ma^z kh?lnlL 

^art to death, tatS mdmd; tang har d. ; kalkdn h 

Bore, n. ].hole, ebbed; sftrilkh; sil; sorT; 
gbar; kbin&; rauzan; rakbni. 2. size, gher&; 
gber; cbakkar; golaL S, the instrument, 
barma; sutirl. 4. person that annoys, bh&ri; 
ajiran; kan-khaQ; majjaz-cbat; pran-levS. 
He is a greftt frorc. Teh bard jdn-kkSU kai, 
6. (of a river) jhal ; charbao ; tugyftnL 
bore of a gun, bandflq ke n&l ka chakkar. 
Boreal, adj. utrSyanl; utrtyan; sbimili. 
Boreas, n. [Skr. giri a mountain] 
badi-shimal; uttiilyan. 

Boreeole, Kale, n. karam-kallH. 

Bordr, n. bindbera. 

Bom, p. p. 1 . janSl ; jayi ; zaida. 

J^ofn with ft silver spoon in one's mouth. Prov. 

Potfvn h& amir ; ehhati hd rajd. Prov. 

2. (In comp.) zad&; zad; si. 

horn iHindy janml-andhft; andkft m&d&r-z&d. 

bom in ike housey kh&na-z&cU 

to be homy 7. n. janamDi; janam len&; muta- 

vailid h. ; hon&; paid& h. 

Borough, n. £A. S. 61177, ^* 9<*V^ oastle, P. buri 

tower A. S. beoi^an to defeud, H. barajnA to 

prey out] gasbft jisko Pariimeut men member 

bhejue k& ikhtijUr hai. 

Borrow, iu a. 1. UJbb on cre*Uif udh&r, ^an^ 

qarx-v&m, dast-gard&i, j& hath-udhar lenlL 

He that goei « borrowiitg geei m sorrowing. 

Prov. Udhdr kkU kaleM bitA9. [Pror. 

To bopraw on usury brings sudden be^ary. 

Motd kiffdj bhik maha&vt. [lenS. 

2. for use, m&uge, arijatan, ya musta&r 

The axe goes to the wood from whence it 

6ofTOWMt its helve. ProT. \jdi. 

Jdh H knlhdrt beiiid M, %t$i pir ho Jedtcm 

{/UMni par bailhe utl ko kHU. ProV. 

He evte down the branch on which he sitR.) 
Borrowed garments neyer sit wdil. 
Makge ke kapre tk\k naMk AU, Prov. [mol It. 
Better buy than borrow, Prov. Mdiigl n« 2t^ 

Borrower, n. m&nge, jk musta&r Iene->¥&1&; 
qara iene-Tal&. 

Neither a borrower nor a lender be I Shah, 
Udhdr (0, na udkdr do I [ohhftti ; sinft. 

Bosom, n.[<X H.6er.;>tiotum, P.pis^dfi.] \Mtaity 

Put another man*s child in your botoni^ and 

heMl creep out of your elbow. Prov. 

Fox^i;* pfton knun mpUHl Prcnr. 

(Who ever made another's ohild kis ownl) 

2. {(3fetJ^ dil^ man^ bTyJL; kirda^ jigi^r. 

3. embrace, kaulT; bag) J-glrl ; hamagosl^. 

4. interior^ blntarf ; andrQiiu 

In the bosom of his family. Apnoh meA. 
boiom secret, dil ki liat, ya bhed^ raz-i-dill. 
a bosom fri&Hdy dili-dost; ham-r&s^ mintar^ 

piyar&, y& g^*ba iniutar, y& dost. 
Bosom, v. a. 1. enclose in the bosom, dil, man, 
y& pet men rakhna.; poshida rakbn&. 

Bosom up my counsel. Mtvl scd&h dil meh rakhnd. 
2. concecdy chliupaua; piub&n, makhff, ya 
kbufiya rakhna. 

Bosomed in vines. 

Angiiroh hi beUm meh chhupd hUS, 

Boss, n. [(^er. biUz point, H. biUa buncb.] 

1 . protuberaftt part, ubbar. 

2. sttsi, phal.; gul; buta.; phulli; kari. 
Botanical, Botanic, adj. [Ft.'botani(j[u^, H. bull, 

A. nabdt, a plant] nabatati.; banaspat!-ka. 
botofucal garden, nal)atatr bag. [gyanl. 

Botanist, n. iiabatat-shin&s^ bati-vala ^ jarl- 
Botanize, v. m. paudoii ko daryaft \L, ya 


Botanomancy, n. peron se skugftn lena. [batat. 

Botany, n. ban&HpatI ya buti-biddya; Una-i-na- 

Botch, n. 1. sweFlmf, pborri; pkunsi; muhasa. 

Botches and blains must all his flesh emboss. MUtot^ 

1. Uske hadan pe phore phansl nikkhge, 

2. Phnt pkiJt-ke nikUffd, 

2. pat''ky thejjiT, X. dumsy performance 
kac3icU~i, ya naqis kam. 

Leave no rubs or botches in the work. Shuk. 
Kam meh koi chehl yd rag tr mat ehhoro. 

Boteh, V. a. I. pcUck, theglf, yft pevand laginft. 

2. spoU^ anaf i-pan se k. ; big&f n& ; aoghaf- 

pane, ya pWQar-pane se k. ; sattyan&s k. 

Botcher, n. an&vi; angbar; phQar; big&vCL 

Both, adj. [A. S. ba, butvd, from^ botb, tv4 

^wo^Skr. K6^two.; H,donoA,]douak; har4o. 

She alone is heir to both of us. ShtJt, 

Mam etoKoh M ek yehi vdris hai 
I will do both. Math donoh kdm kar ffiilfS. 
Both, conj. bhi; nlz^ ham. 

We both saw and heard these things. 
ir«jii ne ddthd bhi mur sund bhL 

Bother, ^ a. dig k..; jau kh&a&; bhejK, jK 
magz kbana^ n&k men dam k. 

Dont bother / 3iq mat haro / 

Botheration, n.jbamela^ khat-khs$&; bakhepi; 

makbmasa; diqqat. 
Bots, n. pi. joHin; jonkti; kife Jo gho(« M 

&tit tarn bote haiu. 
Bottle, n. botal; Hblsh>l^ min&; qar&bS^ 
The love of a woman nnd a bottle of wine. 
Are sweet for a season, but last for a time. Prov. 
Taashshttq biitoh kA, a*ir kdh mai-parmit, 
Main kh%sk, Isk thore din hai inH hsutU F. €L 
botiie companion, ham-piylia ; ham-k&8&. 
Bottle of hi^, gh&s k& gattb&. 

To search for a pin in a bottle of hay. Prsv. 
Ohds ke gatthe msh s(H dhUndnd, [band k. 

Bottle, V. a. sklslie, yi botal men bharu& ya 
Bottle-gourd, n. kaddQ; glviyi; lamba ghly&. 
Bottle-green, n. hari kaiich. 
Bottle-nolder, n. ar^ satbn; pittliil. 
Bottling, II. botal men sharab bharna. 
Bottle-nojed, adj. pakau|>a tii nak-v3il&; baf- 

nakkil; ban nak-vala. 
Bottom, n. 1. [H. baith sitj lowest part, baitbak; 
peiidu.^ peidl^ tala^ taJi^ thah^ tab. 

In the bottom of the sea. Samandar H thih m<A. 
2,found'ttion,2>^rj; nlo; nlm;biua; buuy&d. 
To go to the bottom of a matter. 
BSt kl tah, yfiJQf ko pahdhehnd. 

K. vessel, jahilz. 

Ky ventures are not in one bottom trusted. 
Merd sauda knckh ek hijotfidi men nahih hai. 

4. dregs, tal-ckhat; gad; kiidUrat; mail. 

5. loiv ground, nichan ; nasheb. 6. stsimind, 
*datn.; kbam; pani; khot; asl; nasi. 

A horHB of good bottom. 
1. Ackchhe k'ltt kd ghord. %. AsU ghord. 

7 (fundiitient,) cliQtar; peAdI; pemdi; 
baithak^ ni.shast. [Prov. 

More bottom than brains. Sir se khdgd bhSri, 
(His testicles carry more weight than hts head). 
bottom of aiaue, gaJi kii dflara sira. 
at bottom, adv. dar-asal; salu; dar-baqiqat. 
He wai at bottom honeet and sincere. 
Da/r asal voh tuchchd aur dipdnat-ddr thd» 
chair^ottom, baitbak. 

on one's oum bottom, apne bal, y\ bharose pe. 
Bottom, V, a. 1. found, buniyad, biua, nlv, yi 
neo dilliia. 2. to farnisli imVAa ^eo/, baithak, 
yll penda chiirhana, ya lagana. [baithv&u. 
Jialbott>med, cbauri, ya chaptT pencli>d;ir; 
Bottomless, adj. be- 1 bah ; agaui ; athah ; aroiq. 
Bottomry, n. jahaz bandhak, y& kafalat. 


Boudoir, n. kbilyat-gah.; saoitia;. ranvScB^ 
saQto-khitna ;. mahalsara^ 

Boniph, Ik [Skr. baha, H. ^^ arm] 
d&U;; tahu&; shikh; gudcUU. 
The bought that bear most haug mott. Prov;. 

JUmd piale ut^i jkuke, Pto7. 

{liikad Bkdhki'jmr memh tar bar tarnlk. P. Pror. 
"^asall heir jpj the ripened f raits- to tend, 
Andeee the Uughs with hiipt>jrbardena bend. P^pCi 
Pakkt phalok la ekamhtl karnt ki iki kkathi* 
A ur dtkhne ki tkiikk ko phal t^-UuU huL F: C. 

Bcmghft, Bont, n. bow-knot., i. ttvUty gjiljhati; 
g&ath ; tnaroTi ; khara; kajT ; bal ;. p^eh. 

3. of a ilinj, gopfje ki jVi jis men, pat- 
thar rakh-kar phenkte- haiu. 

B»iu;io» n. batti (sakhmi kl). 
Boimli, XL iibl&-ha% gosht; shorbe-dir gosht 
BDOiUoxif a..8horbft; shurvi; jakbiu. 
BottMsr, n. batU ; gol mol batiyi, y& pattbar; 
Bomnc^ t. n. [E. 601711 the souadj 1. spring- 

wmddinlf; chbaJang m&ru&;. pbaU^Q&; 

phindnt ; uchakiUl ; asaqan, yi kulSJioh mlLrn&. 
2. bra^, l&f-zaulk.; dlog m&raa; garang 

mi&nift; dQn ki len&. 
BooBcs, n. I. sudStn hlow^ kfaat khat; khat 

khat&bat; dhakk^; dhamftki. 2.' b^yiuid' 

dihttUd^; chaukrf^ kal&nch. 3. 6rajr, ahekhi;. 

namAd ; ding;: Iftf-zaiii; ba^ng. 

4. {Bf>uneer) }\i^i\\ g^PPi; lab&ry&. 
BOQAcnr; ik 1. one uho- bounces^ phal&ag». jSl 

chaukrii mli^Qe-v&lS; kudkL 2. a booaUry 
gappi; labir; laC-ssati; shekhl-baz. 
BftliaeiiL^, adj. taiy&r; mi>tJ-t&zT;. khingi;. 
ditti;, khun^ri; saud-musaad; musbtAQdi. 
BdUdy a. pbalan^ ;. dihalang ;. kulaacb ;. zaq^iQ ;^ 

Imutdofa baU^ tapp&- 
BoQMi, v. a. had, sarbad, ya abatai bladbaa;, 

had-bandi k. ; mahdtid k. ;. gbera d&la&. 
Boandy r.n. 1. kap^ kiliu&;.kudakuil;,ucbbala&; 
chaakrl bbarna; cbbalang mama;. kulSfusb 

And the warea bovnd beneath* me aa a steed. 
That knows its rider. Bffron, 

Niche- tmere uehKakl hai Hhehitaraiig y^, 
Itan tale tavdr ke-kOdc tvtrahgjAi. F. C. 

2. reboundl (at m b%U) cbat ikaa;: uch- 
ulatuS; palatua; lautaa; phirua. 
p. adj. cmfined^ bandha-bua; pS^baud;, 

piTbasta; imiqaiyad;, majbdr;. nicbaf. 

They that are bound mast obey. ProF; 

Nuikar ko wer kfd I Pro v. (C\n a serraot object t) 

Boamd hand and foot. HSUh pdoa bandhe^hue. 

2. detUned for^ j&ne-v&Ia;. j&oe ko;. 

ratioa bon^v&llk 

&. bounden, farz; v&jib; lazim. 
Aj in duty bound, Jhutd ki farz hail 
We are boani to be honest not to-be riish. Prov^ 
Athe isiJH, jA9 tab kttehh, PaoT. 

(Eenaia bat integrity, perish, all beside). 

4» (/jft comtp} basta;; jor. 
iMMdSm dmiy, fars-i-am.. 
hm^d (m a book) bafKttir hal; tnujallad; shldtoi- 



bound for a place, jKne-vUS,^. fitie- ko; ravana 

Where are you deunel ?' Jp kahdh jdne-vtde haim f 
bound in wedlock^ nuinaqad-i-nikSh; bandhe-hue*.. 
bound together^ ahd bandbe-hu&;, { 

&pas men ahd^o paim&n bai* 
u bound', zartlr, v&jib, avaab) y& lH^tm^bal. 
is- boun d by law to do^. qf n aaau> karniLyii ib bat. 
is bound to-pay^ vajib-ik-adH liai. [jabat. 

hofn^ward bound (er ship}* valayait j&oe-Tftli 
overetep'Or exceed boundk, badd se- giiBarn&; 

taj&vas k. ; p§r>i& bihar nikalniw 
BauLda;^, Bonndarias, n. 8ivAna;,8i&i&; sar- 

hade6; badOd; chau-baddi; budfld-arbi; 

badd; dilnd^-mendi. [q^ddaxnat-i-sarhaddi. 
boundaryr etuea, dinde me6de-ke qadme; mu*- 
bowidxry dispute, tan&za-i-sarbft'ii ; budild ke 

jbagre;. sioivbibid. [me&d; dbfi&;: 

boundary^ mari or Une^ siy&aah; sarhad; 
boundary-{of afield) b&f; mend; dauliL 
b9tmdary^/ a viitaye^ gao&k& siyanab. 
boundary roadi between two states, d&&d&' 

meuda; sarbadi-sarak. [mabdfid.; munhasar. 
Bdonded^ adj> gbir&'baSl; abatftr kiy&.. bat^ 
Boundleu,; adj. be-had; an-ant;^^ beriotihi;.. 

anginat; ISriotihi; beHshumftr. 
Boandleasiidsi, n. be-tntihSi;,ba-baddl; 
Baanteous, Boontffiil, adj. 

sakhi; karTm^ faiyai;. dfibTr. d&t&;; dWr^^ 

lafttmi; hatim^. mukhaiyar. 

Bountiful as the sea. JBtrun^-midM, 
bountifuCto^lhe poor, garib<{>arvar ; garib-aav&t. 
Bounteausly, adv. faiyaai, yfr sakhi vt se. 
Bountifalness^Boiuiteoasiiess^ Bounty:^ ik 1. sa- 

kbavab; bakhshish; dSd-dabish; karam^faiz. 
My bounty is as boundless aa the sea. Shak.- 

HtU fail dm merM jaS^ bdhr-i^-kofUh. 

21 premium, sahalUi;. madad;. e&nat;. 
istimd&d; dast-giiii 
by^your bounty^ ap ki bardaulat;,ap ke fais^ yi 
iqbal se^; &p ke tufail, y& anugrab. se;; &p 
ke pariSp 8e<. 
Bouquet, n. 1. gt]l-dtota;.pbftlon.k&^guchchh&, 
ya turrab; {Eng) gilas;, pbaloii ki chhari, 
ya dastah. 2. {of wins, eto;)- kbash-bQ y& 
lazzat ^ zaSqa. [burn.] X^ rivulet; dbara; nSla. 
Boam, Boome, n. [A. S. byman, H. balnd, to 
2. bound, cbhor ; kiu&r& ; tat; mauzil ; had. 
That undisoorered country from whose bourn 
no tniTeller returns. Shah, 

Ui lohtekol prAni nahik pKirtd. ProT. 

Bttune^ n^ mabajanl bis&b-gbar. 

BdUt, Q. [loel. boyinn^ H. bdfika bant] 

bar; Iwtri;. bela; dafa;. ausar. 
a dHnking bout, shar&b k&r daur ;; sbai^b-khuarL 
BoFlne, adj..dangar jaisa; dhagga. 
Baw, ▼.a.[A. S. bOgan, Skr. ttu;, H. bd^ 

to be bent.} I. hendiL jbukani^ laohkan&; 

morna;. niburftnat,;. kaman k.;, kha<adeua; 

khatiiidab k. 

Tb 6049^ the neok to tyranny. 
Zulm ke t&mmt gai'dan jhrnkanS, 




2. (in token of respect ,) niTn& ; sir jhuk&nS ; 
Bia nivana; salam k. fneoni. 

Bow, v. 11. jhukua; laohakn&; laohni; uihartii; 
Better to bow than brealc. Prov* 

Jhuk chaU io tate kdhe f 
Admired, adored by all the oiroling crowd. 
For wheresoe'er she turned her face, they 

bowed, Dryden, 
Utbf dthiq to har ba$har dthhd, 
Jhuk gaik gardaneh jidhar dtkhiL F. 0. 

to how to^ jhukua; sal&iii k. 
Bow, xi.\.aci of reverence or tvbiniHvon^ sal&m ; 
baudagl; uamaskar; adab; mujra; taslita&t; 
kornish. 2. (o/ a «^«/>) saiuni ; ag&rl ; matha ; 
mafltak; pesh&ni. 3. (for arrow9\ kam&u; 
ch&p; dhauush; dhauuk. 

A bow long bent at last waxeth weak. ProT. 
KhiGhUhkieliUkamSnhojKdhdl. [vad. P.) 
( Kamdn eho tan ba-koMhidan dlhud kabddah tMa- 
To draw the long bow, 

Lambl ehauri Kdhknd ; jUd jhAt bolnd, [cKip, 
Bow and arrows. Tir kutndn ; dkanuth bdn; tar 

i,o/aJiddlefgixz, d, (of ribbon), ^^hUd; obilla. 
bow of a saddfCf agva. 
a pellet bow, gulel. 
carder 9 bow, dhutikl. 

to bend a bow, kamau cha^hanft ; kam&n t&anft. 
to unbend a bow, kamSla uUlm&. 
Bow-compasaea, n, parkikr-qalam. 
Bow-drill, n. barni&. 

Boweh, n. 1. inUstinee, pi. &&t; ante6; ant^T; 
autrijau; roda. 2. inner part, darmiy&ul 
hidsa; pet; bich; darmiyaa. 

3. compassion, day a; rahm; dard; taras. 
He has no bowels for any one. 
Uiko kUl par taras nahih did, [dwell.] 

Bower, n. [A. S. bHau, Skr. bhavan, H. basnd to 

1. retreat, khilvat; gosha; gupha. 

2. cottage, kutl; mandhl; maudhaiyft; 
baii<:la. *6,ai*bour, mandha; tattl; baiigla. 

Bow-hand, u. 1. (Archery) kamaii k& hath; 
bayaii hath; dast-i-chap. '2.{Mus,) gsiz k& 
hath; dahnaliath; daist-i-r&st. 

Bow-knot, n. derh gauth ; dhlli girah ya ganth. 

Bowl, 11. [A. S. bolla, H. bel<l] I, piyala; bela; 
badya ; kassa ; sagar ; jam ; qadah. 
The sparkling bowl goes round. 
Jdin ckhalaktd chal raJid. 
2. loooden ball, kat ki geiid. 

Bowl, V. a. dhuikana; lurhk^ni; rurk&n&. 

to bowl out, m&t-n& ; mar den& ; takra de»&. 

Bow-legged, adj. bainda; tirhbauga; kaj-p&. 

Bowler, u. gedd phekue-v^la. 

Bowling-green, n. gefid ballii khelne ka maidin. 

Bow-maker, n. kain&n-gar; kamangar. 

Bowman, ii. tir-andaz; dhanush-dh&rl. 

Bowshot, n. tir kl mar; tirva; ek tir; tir ka 
fasila. [dhara. 

Bowsprit, Boltiprit, n. tirchhil mastul; sab- 
Bowstring, n. 1. trint;oharhao. 2. (for strangula- 
tion) gaiaghotue kii lassa; ph&iisl. 

Bow-window, u. mehrab-dar khifki; gol kamre 
kl khifkl. See, Bay-window. 

Bow wow, a, 1. bhaun bhauu. 

2. cavalier servenie, picbhIagQ ; kuttS. 
Box, n. \, a case, sandSq; sanduqchi; sanduq- 
chl; ((7or.)bak8; dibba; dibyi; pitaril. 

2, dice box, chonga; sauduqcha jis me& 
p&se hila-ke phenkte haiu. 

l,dr:vei^s seat, jua; (Cor.) kooh-baks,. 

4. (of a theatre), kh&uah ; darja. 5. an 
iron ring in the nave of a wheel, &mau ; ivau. 

6. a shooting box, shik&ri ghar. 

7. (In eomp.), dan, as poi box, qalam-dan. 
box drain, pati hui mori, ya badar-rau ; khassf 

parnaU ; RandQqT mori [haiu. 

box office, daftar jahau n&ch-ghar ke tikat bikte 
box-ordisr, uHoh-ghar meA jiue ki ij&zat 
in a box, muahkil men phansa-hua; mubtiU; 

Pandora's box, bis kl ^nth ; jhagve ki jaf ; lain 

k& mal ; seh k& k&uta ; kaaer kH phal. 
pill box, 1. dibba ; dibiyi. 2. Hakim ki giri. 
Box, n. [H. but] blow, ghUhsk; mukka; diik. 
box on the head, dhaul; dhapp&; ch&iita. ' 
Box, V. a. 1. shut up in a box, baud k. ; saadQq 

men band k. ; piUre mei'i rakhna. 2. strike 

with the fist, ghiimal, duk, ya mukka m&mi; 

ghugiy&n&; mukiyaua*;dukiyan&; miuhtsanl 

k.; but piUuft; butyaui. 

To box one's ears. Kdn pe thappaf mdmd, 
box the cotnpcus, qutb-uum& k& kh&u& bat&ui. 
Box, v. n. ghilsam-gh&sa, mukkam-mukk&, yi 

dukkam-dukk& larna. 

• • . 

Boxer, n. ghai\se-baz ; dukkon se larae-viUL; 

dukait; musht-zan. 
Boxing, Boxing match, n. ghunsam-ghasa; duk- 

kam-dukki; mukkamukkl; musht-zaiiL 
Boxing-night-day, n. uau-roz ke bad ki rat jis 

din tohfa tahayaf apas men bheje jate haio. 
Box-iron, u. istirf. 
Boy, u. [N. H. Ger. bube, Skr. bdl, H. bdlak, 

babud; P. bachd] larka; lauiida; chhokra; 

chhora ; chhauua ; dhota; nikk&; muuda. 

Boys will be men. Ydnoh se syane hote Aata. 

All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 
Prov. PiltepUU ddml koln kd bail hojdtd 
hai, Prov. Constant grind will turn a 
man iuto an oilmftu's ox. [kaUk, 

Boys wake boys. Prov. Larke apnd sd kar lek 

{Kharbdzth ko dekh ke kharbazah rang pakajrU 
hai. Prov. Melons take their oolor ttosk 
regarding melons). 

boy-king, bal raja. 

boy's game, boys play, larkon ka khel. 

boy's love, larkou ka ishq. 

boys' 7'hyme, larkou ki tukbandl; tukbaudL 

draw-boy, larka; shagird. 

Boyhood, u. bal- pan; bach-pan; larak-pan; 

balak-pan; larkai; tiflf. [chhiitpau-ki. 

Boyiah, adj. 1. belonging to a boy, lurakpan-kl; 
2. childish, larkou ka sa ; chhotl; haiku 
Boyishness, n. larak-pau; ohulluilahat; chibal- 

la-pan ; halka-pun ; chhacbora-pau. 
Brace, u. [Lat brachium, H. bdhh arm.] • 
1. cincture, band; baudbau; kasni; (aul. 




. tupporty qainchl; ar; arval. 3. tension, 
vmi; sah&r. 4. (Print) khat-i-vahd&ui 
h ) > gher-lakir. 5. a thick strap^ kassan ; 
aa. 6. (mining) kho k& munh. 
V. a. 1. furnish with braces, arval, y& 
ichi lagani. 2. bind, baiidhn&; band 
Ihna. 3. make tense, kasna; charhan&; 
krn&; khenchni. 
To brace a drUm. f>holH eharhdnd, 
. hold firmly, dapaa; janina; drirhrahna. 
He braced himself agaiiut the crowd. 
Vok akeld bkir tt iamnejamd rakd. 
tp, mazbut kasii&. 

ety n. 1. paunch! ; kar&; churl; kangnl; 
^n ; naugri ; lachchhe. 2. (Slang) hand 
t, hath-kari; (Fac) sark&ri gahnft. 
(Math.) ek daul ki laklr; kosht; qaus. 
y XL (Cor.) galis ; tasmeu ; kassan. [band. 
of a bed, ad van; palang ke tasmeu; sej* 
of a drum, don ; kasni. 
It, n. 1. div&rgiri. 2. [] khutfit-i-vahda- 
gher-lakir. [khenchna. 

Bt^ y. a. khutut-i-vahdani, ya gher laklr 
ilh, adj. khara; kh&ri; narakin; shor. 
ialinesi, n. kh&ri-pan ; namkin! ; short jat. 
II. [K. barang, from Skr. bhat^' break] 
Lhl; ding (Boast). 

Bra/^s a good dog, but that he huth lost his 

t*iL ProT. Vihg aekekhl hoi, par nakti hoi. 

, a game at cards, ganjfe ka ek khel. 

ldoei3,n. shekh!-bi^(Boastl.).[(Boa8ter). 

ftrt, Bragger, n. [U. barangl] shekhi-bUz 

n. baukn; rnendi. [balna; bhanna. 

▼. a. [H. bat twist] gQuthn&; batna; 

d tlte hair, sir karn&, yH gOndhna ; choti 

bil k. [magz. 

u. [A. S. brazen, H. bhtjA."] 1. bheja; 

. understanding, aql; budh; samajh; 

i; dimagh. 

His brains are addled. Prov. 

Uskil dimdj pardganda ho gayd. 

The brains dont lie in the beard. ProT. 

pSrhi pc aql naklh hai. 

{Baxuryi ba aql ast, na ba adl. P. Prov. 

Greatness is mind, not years.) [dllnft. 

▼.a. magz, ya bhejS nikal dalni; sir phor 

dyer, n. sarsam. 

djs, adj. be-samajh; abudh; be-yaqilf. 

»aii, n. khopri; kapal; pali; k2sa-i-sar. 

ick, adj. kurh-magz; be-vaquf; mOrh. 

n. [H. bihar rough broken ground] 
1; kaute. 

The deer has sought the brnke. 
Hiran jhdri wieh chhup gayd. 

n. 1. Oil instrument for dressing flax, 
^hi; kakai; un, yagairah saf karue ki 

2. harrow, patra; raaiira. 

(for breaking horses), kharkhnriya. 
. shai-p bit, khardar naharf, ya qazai. 
. (Mech,) pahija-rok; thaii Ho-pech. 
ran, n. rel k! pichhli gari. 
irlieeU n. ch&l-rok pahiya. [beri. 

ilBy n. jh&ii; khir-dar panda; jhar-beri; 

Bran, n. [H. bar chaff] bhOsI; bur; chokar. 

Much bran, little meal. Proy* 

Bh^i bahut aur did thord, 

Branchf n. [Lat. bra'^hium, Bret, brane, H. biiiih 
arm.) 1. shoot, dall; tahni; sbakh. 

The hanging branchit of the willow tree. 
Bed majnUh hi lataktl ddlydn. 
2. antler, sing; shakh. 
5. sub-division, hissa ; tukri ; sh&kh ; feri. 
Branch school. Shdlck-i'madrasa, O. O. 
Branekes of knowledge. Urn kl skdkheh, 
^.descendant, aulad; nasi. 
branch of a family, phatao. 
branch of a river, <di\iSkXdk', kat; sh&kh; sota. 
branch office, n. ma-tahat daftar, ya mahkamah. 
Branoh, Braudi out* y. n. 

1. spread, ph&tna; phailna. 2. (branch out) 
kabhi kuchh kahna, kabhi kuchh kahua. 

Braachy y. a. 1. divide into branches, bantna; 

taqsira k. 2. adorn with needlework, karhn&; 

bel-bCLte k&rhn&, ya ban&ua. 
Branching* adj. 1. (trees), shakh-d&r; tahni-d&r. 

2. (antlers) bilrasinga. 
Branchless, adj. be-sh&kh; tbunth; mund&. 
Branchlety n. chhoti tahni, ya sh&kh. 
Brand, y. a. [A. S. brinnan, H. bamd bum.] 

1. mark with a hot iron, dagn&; dagik.; 
chlulp lagani. 2. stigmatiie, kalank ki. tika 
laganA; bad-nUm k.; dbabl>a lag&u&. 

Brand, n. 1. a burning stick, jalti hui Ukri; 
lukti; lukatyi. 2. a mark made by a hot 
iron, d&g; chhSp; gul. 3. tr<tde mark, sau- 
d&garon k& nishan. 4. stigma, dag; kalank 
katlka; kalauns; batta; dhabba. 

5. sword, khanda; kharag; talvar^ kirach. 
Branding-iron, n. dag dene ka lohi. ' 
Brandish, y. a. [0. F. brandeler, H. bhdnnd, 
Skr. bhram whirl, disha side] ghumana; phir&- 
n&;chakkard.; h&th phenkna; bhanni. 

To brandish a sword. TalwSr kUdnd, bhdhy 
nd, yd phehhid. 

Brand-new, Bran-new, adj. [H. barnd, burn, 

nayd new] sif ; nayi ; nayi tahdarad. 
Brandy, n. [Du. branden, H. bamd burn] 

brilndi-sharib. [P. biranj!\ 

Brass, n. [GaeL prdii, Skr. pittal, H. pital, 

\. (the metal) \i\t9A', hix^ny 2. impudence^ 

dileri ; shokhl ; be-hayai ; dide kl safaL 
Brasswork, n. pital ka kam ; pitli kHm. 
Brat, n. [Gael, brat, H. chithrd rag] 

phQnsi-a; danthla; chenuhla; chhich^ 
Brats, n. kachohe-bachche ; kilal-bilal; kil-hil; 

chiiigapoti; chingna chingnl. 
Brayado, n.* bhapki; dhamki; ^dar-bhapki; 

ding dharakka; ba^h-bol. 
Braye, adj.'[H. blr] 1. courageous, surbir; bir; 

surma; diler; diliivar; javao-mard; baha- 

dur; roard&na; shuja; bahadurf-ka. 

2. grand, khub; bahuti achchhi. 

brave actions, bahaduri k& kam ; mard&n&, yi 

mardaugi ka kam. 

Brave actions nerer want tntmpets. ProT, 
Bahddurl kd kdm na ehdhe nitm. 






brmm 09 a {ton, sber-mard. 

brave to the backboney rag rag men bah&duri hai. 

Brav.e, v. a. samna, y\ muq&bla k. ; jand rahni; 

drirh i'abn&. 
Brayely, adv. 1. eourageoudy^ balUldur&iia; 

dilerau&; sbuj&at, y& mard&ugi se. 
2. splendidly y kbUb. 
9rayery, 11. birial; Rur-blrta; 8urm&-paQ; dileri; 

babaduri; mardaagl. 
Bravo> n. aMassiny gupt-gb&tik; kbQDi. 
Brayo, intj. vab-v&b ; vibjl ; bal-be ; dbao ; dbao 

bo; kja kahna; sba-basb; afrlD; marbabi. 
Brawl, v. n. [Skr. vi mucb, H. rauld row.] 

1. quarrel noUilyy jhagr&, j& tant& k. ; 
jbagarni; qaziya, ja babda k. 

2. make a noise, gul, ebor, gulgap&^ y& 
ganga k. ; dbdm macb&na. 

3. roar as water^ pbupp&n& ; dbaf dhar k. 
WUere the brook brawls along the painful road. 
Aujhat ghdtjah&h naddi pkuppdve. 

Brawl, n. jbagra-ragri; gul-gapapl; gauga; 

tanta; kbarkhasba; babda; qaziy&. 
Brawler, n. gaugal; gal-gapa|'y&. 
Brawling, adj. barh-kalla; kailadaraz; gaug&t 
Brawn, n. [/\. S. bar, Skr. vdrah a boar.] 

1. the flesh of a boar, sdar ka gosbt. 

2. mufcular part, danr; kbam. [gril; taat&. 
Brawny, adj. musbtanda; sand musaod; kua- 
Bray, y. n. I. (as' an ass), renku&; dhi&oba- 

dblnobak.; riagiia; bin9n&. [bray. 

When all men say you are an ass, it is time to 

Panck kiheh billi to bUli hi sahi, Pro7. 

(If the Court dubs you a cat a cat you are.) 

2. make a harsh tioisey sbor maoh&ui; gul, 

ya gul-gapira k. 

And varying notes the war pipes brayed. 
Aur mukhtallf dv&teh narsingoh men te nUdih, 
Bray, n. [Lat. y^ugire, H. rlngna\ renk; dheuoba. 
Bray, v. a. bruise, kutna; kucbalua; chbetaa; 

pitiia ;' maru&. 

Though thou should at bray a fool in a mortar, yet 

will not his foolishuess depart from him. Pro7. 

Oadhd, pUe ghord nahin hUd, ProT. 

(You oanuot pound an ass into a horse.) 

Braze, v. a. [Per. birai\j brass.] 1. jh&ln^; pital 

k& jbal la^ana. 2. be-haya k., y& banaoH. 
Brazea, adj. \,m%de of brass, biranji; pital-ka; 
pitli. 2. (Brazenfaced) impudent, be-baya; 
be-sharm; ni-]ajj&. 
the brazen age, duaparjug; dwEpar. 
Brazen, v. n. be-hayal k. ; sbokhi k. 
Brazen-face, n. be-haya; dldahdbol; ui-lajji. 
Brazier, n. 1. worker in brass, kaser& ; tbatberil. 

2, firepan, bursl; an^ithl; atisb-dan. 
Breach, n. [A S. brecan, H. murahnA, Skr. ftfetn 
jflrt, to break] 1. breaky stJrSLkb; darar; 
ghatta; rakhiia; sendb; kQnbal; naqab. 

Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once 
more, [5ikail;. 

Or close the wall up with our English dead. 
Chalo, bhdi, gkcUle pe, ek aar hamlah 1 
Kara band divar Idshoh se varnah. F. C. 

2. rupture, phut; bigar; aii-ban; na ch&qi; 

3. viotaXdon^ bbaojan; bbang; iahinf; 
breach of laws, harkat kbilaf-i-qavinla. 
breach of peace appreliended, &in&dgM-dang& ; 

amadgi-i-sbor o fasad ; dange k& kbatr&. 
breach of privilege, tajavuz-i-ikbtyar; kbil&f- 

varzi; jurm. 
breach of promise, or contract, abdHsbikanl. 
breach of the peace, amau men kbalal-andizi. 
breach of trust, bad-dyiaati ; pratit-bbanjan ; 

amiaat men kbay&aat. 
aggravated breach of the peace, kam&l futClr; 
futilr-i-sbadid ; bangamah y& bbaWa-i-sbadld. 
commit a breach of the peace, aman men kbalal 
daln& ; dafig& o fis&d k. ; busn-i-siy&sat men 
futar barpi k. G. G. 
criminal breach o/ trust, kbay&nat-i-mujrim&aaL 
violent breach of the peace, fa^d-i-azim ; baril 
bb&r! fas&d. [k. ; pbor deui. 

Breack, y. a. ebbed, rakbnl, rauzan, ya dar&j^ 
Bread, n. I » (of ground com), roti; cbap&tl; 
pbulka; nan. 2, food in general, roil; dil- 
rotI; daaa-paal; kb&oi; an-jal; kbaQ&-pia&; 
ab-o-kbur; rozL 

Give us this day our daily bread/ Ildhl, rixq dst 
Do do mad^Wl sShj savers diyejd/ OopdUL 
(Give me two cakes each mom and two at ema, 

In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. 
ChoU kd peulnd qri ko dBgdjab takrd milegd. 
One's bread being buttered on both sides. 
Chaprlaar do dot Prov. (Buttered cakes,and twof) 

bread and butter, makkhan rotl. 

They that have no other meat bread and butter 

are glad to eat. Prov. 

Jinko gosht naKih. voh makkhan roll hi meh k\u^ 

(Jii kogekah ki nahlh, woh chane hi ki te rdzi. ProT.) 

a loaf of bread, u&a-pao ; dabal roti. [shabioi. 
daily bread, adb ser ati; tukra; roziiia; nao-i- 
eat of any one's bread, kisi ka namak khana. 
eaJl the bread of idleness, baithe rotyan torna. 
fight with one's bread and butter, bhari thai! men 

lat m'lrna; rizq se larna. 
not to know on which side one's bread is buttered, 

apua uafa nuqsau na jaiina. [rotl 

plain bread, rnklii rotl; rukb! sukbi roti; abl- 
Brdadfroit, n. rot-phal. [tukp. 

Breadpndding, u. mithe tukre; nan pao ke 
Breadstuff, n. daua; ata; cbClu; arad. 
Breadth, n. cbaural; pana; arz; cbakl&i; pat. 
breadth (of a river), phSt ; pat. 
breadth (of a wall), asar. 
BreaX, v. a. [EL murak, Skr. b?Mr{f break.] 

1. rupture, tora&; phorna; tarkana. 
To break one's head. Sir tornd. 

2. shatter, tukre tukre k. ; chUrS k.; purze 
k, ; reza rezi k. ; chUr cbar k. 

Broken down with care. Chintd ne char liyd, 

break to pieces, tukre tukre k. 

3. destroy, quvvat torni,; tor dalna; nas k. 

4. impair, rogl, ya daim-ul-mariz bauini. 
Broken health. Rogl. [kain k. 

I 5,u}eaken the force of, zor ghataua, yi 

tofQ& ; uchhtana ; rok y& ^ baaQ& ; sadd-i- 
r&h h* ; hkrij ya mukhil b. 

To ir§ak one*i sleep. Nmd tornd, ytf uehidnd. 
l.vMaU, khil&f, inhirilf, *y& bhaoigk.; 


To hr^ak a l*v. QditAa Ire MO^i/ h. 
8. ea#Aier,ohda,]^ hiidd&torii&; mauqQf k. 
%, mdce bankrupt, div&l& uik&lna, ja pitaft. 
Broken. Divdljf/l, 
10. <ai»5, hilana; p&lna; sadhaoft. II. pro- 

paundf E&bir k. ; kbolna ; bay&n, y& faab k. ; 

kahoi ; bblndi pbornK ; u<j:b!lra!l ; pargbat k. 
To break one's mind. /{ ki bdt kahnd. 
hmii a bank, kotbi, ya bauk tora& ; diT&l& pit- 

lA, y& aiK&lna; tappar y& t&t ulatua; init* 

bk&tk& divala Dikalnft 
kuJt a butterfly upon a wheel, makkbl ko top 

•e uf&u&; chint! ko bUbi se marvina, 
hnak « ekarm,*pr epeU,i^iVL utarii&. 
keak a /a/^ obot bacbftaa; cbot ae bacbn& ; 

tkVnb leua. 
break a jest, tbatti, ban^i, y& inaB\q k. ; tbatta 

mftmft ; usbgulK, y& sbigiif^ cbbornft. 
hnakaiaH':€y s&mna, y& muq&bla k. ; lara&; 

daugal, y& akbare men utarnl. [nildllaa. 
knak a paih, riUitab kbolnH ; sarak k&tna, yi 
hreaka proinut, T&dab-kbiUfi k.; mukarni; 

baohaa, b&t, iqrir, y& qaul se pbirnl; v&dah 

ynfl na k. 
bnak hulk, bojb ut&rn&y balk& y& kam k. 
break company, }VLdSk,B\fig,jt alabdab. [bb&-^na. 
break cover, jan^al ae bahar ia&; jb&ri ae nikal 
brmk down, tdtna; b&r jaiii. 
break ground or land, 1. hal obalaoft; zamTn 

jotni; lamiti torna. 2. begin, klm j&ri, y& 

•kara k. ; baddbft Iag&Q&. 
break in a horee, gbora nik&ln&; kba^kbarye 

men sadb&ni, ya nik&ln&. 
break into, tabar-daati andar gbasnt. 
break into a houte, mak&n meQ naqab d. ; se&db 

la^Ui&, y& mirna; kamal k. ; gbarpboroK. 
A''^ J<^f jel-kb&oab, y& qaid-kb&aab to^^-ke 

bb&gua; qaidi k& bb&g J&Q&. 
break of, cbbiir&uil; nik&l den&. 

He broke the horse of the hsbit of jibbing. 
U9 ne gkore ki ar ni(:Sl dl, 
break of, cbborni; band k. ; tark k. [jbat&ln&. 
break one^ejasi, n&sbta k. ; kalevi k. ; mu&b 
break on^e neck, gardan, y& sir tof Q&. 
keakopen, tor-ke kboloi; tax dalQ&; kbol 

leD&; khol daln&. 
break eiience, bol utboa ; mfiBib kbolni. 
break the hack, kamar to^ai. 
break the heart, dil, y& ji to^ai. [sbarll k. 

break tkb ice, bimniat k. ; db&raa b&ndb-ke 
break through troope, aip&b ko cb!r-ke nikal jaua. 
break up, I. to|^n&; barkbiUt k.; iitb&Q&; 

chbot^I deu&. 2« dieb tnd, to^ d. ; burra k. 
break upon the wJieel, paiye ke tilobe kucbalv& 

den&; gi^ pbirvi danft; kola ine£i piW&ua. 
break {waee$}f labred, y& inaujeA in&rn&. 

Break, v. n. 1. part in two^ do tuk^e b. ; tQt* 
u&; pbutuS. 2. burst, phatn&; pbatna; tut- 
n&; khilj&i)&; tuk^e tuk^'e b. 

3. (as waves), takran^; takkar kb&na; tba- 

per khaaa; tu^ parn& 4. (as moi-ning) pan, 

ya pill pbatiia ; din nikalna; roz rausbau h. ; 

tarka b.; sQraj nikalua; bbor b. [Shak. 

" Tae day begins to break, and night is fled." 

Bhor bkal, ahdkydr& bhdgd, 

(SHraj ne bkfin ubhdn, rujnl ghar tidhdri). 

5. beeomt bankrupt, div&l& nikalna; t&t, 
ya tappar ulatai; bav& ukharuft; baithiia; 
bigarni. * [ghun lag jiiia; zaTf b. 

6. (Break up) decline in health, rog, yi 
break away^ kbifidui.; tiii-terab b. ; al^ ho 

j&ti&; cbhof-ke obal& J&I1& ; bbagnil. 
break down, baitb, ya b&r jau&; bimmat b&r- 

n&; (cattle) kandb&, ya jitS dalua 
break forth, nikal paraft; pbat para&. 
break from, or loo*e, chbutn&; chbnt j&n&; 

nikal bb&gn&; tur^ bbUgna; kbul j&a&. 
Ha broke from his capture. Hirdtctl se bhdg gagd. 
break in, dakhl d.; &n tapakua; &q paru&; 

yakayak ghoa &a&. [ruk jaiia. 

break off, ruk j&n&; tbair j&n%; tham j&u&; 
break out, \&g\x%; bba^kna; pbQtoa. 
break up, barkbast b. ; band b. 
break upon, & parna ; tut pa^ na. 
break wind, hav& cbbofui, y& nikilni; padui; 

p&l mUrna. 
break with, dosti jati rabn& ; y&ri kut h. 
a broken number, kaaar; bbiun ank. [buH. 

hrokeu-winded (horse) b&r&, y& tQt& bu&; thalul- 
Break, n. I, opening, tut; pbut; pb&&k; sbigaf; 

rakbnl. ^.spa^.e, kb&ii jagab; filsila^bicbcbba; 

antar. 3. pause, tbaii-ao; vaqfa; tavaqquf. 
break of day, bbor; tark&; bhins&r; sabab; 

banfajar; 8aver&; prat-k&l. 
Breakage, n. 1. the act, tttt; tatpbQt; sbikast- 

o-rekbt. 2. the charge for, daud; tav&n. 
Breaker, n. wave, labr; samandri lahr, yH 

mauj jo cbat&u, ya karare se takr&ve; mend. 
Breakfast, v. n&sbta. y& jalp&n k.; bazri kba- 

n&; kalev&, y& b&l-bbog k. ; Panj, parsbtd 

cbbakn&. [ohHsbt. 

Breakfast, n. kalevft; n&sbta; b&zrl; nab&ri; 

Hope is a good breakfast, but it is a bad sup- 
per. Prov. BhaR ds kalevd, bgdla dsji4evd. 

Breakneck, adj. gardan-tor; kbatar-nak. 
Breakwater, n. labr-tor ; baud. 
Breast, n. [0. £. hresten, H. phatnd to bnrst.] 
1. obb&ti; siua. 2. (woman^s) cbunobi; ku- 

cben ; cbbatiyan ; dddbi; pist&j^; mamma. 
3. heart, htrd& ; biyi ; jI ; dil ; maa ; gba^. 
hrecut to hrxut, Bioab-ba-siaab. 
make a clean breast, bhed, yi ji ki bbed kab 

den&; sab kuobh kab d.; saf saf kab dalnl; 

dil k& bakhar uikaln&. 
swollen breast, tbanaili. 
Breaitboae, n. obh&tl ki baddi; sar-i-sina. 
Brdast*deep, adj. ebb&tl, y& sine tak (gahr&). 
Breast-high^ adj. ohh&tl, y& sine tak (Qnoba). 


Breaitpin, n. Bone yl ch&fidi kl ktl jo atktne, 
yi numliyash ke v&ste duo par lag&ta haiA. 

Breastplate, q. chSr-iina. 

breattj'late (of a hone), sloa-band. 

Broaatwoik, n. kaiiguni ; kuDgt&. 

Breath, [H. biyir wind.] 1. tar drawn in, 
tAiia; dam; pliQiik; nafas. 

Fuul brflath, aandddahml. [hlTl 

2. breett, huvi ki ramaq, y* jhoki; maodi 

Not a brtaUi of wiod. Ifunl H ranaj noAli). 

3. fragrance, mahak; lapat; augnnd, 

4. retpiu, dam; fursat; chliutti; moblat; 
vaqfah; tavaqqiif; fartgat. 

fi. in»taiU, dam; pal; lahza; lamha. 

He imile* and he frown* in a breath. Drgdttt. 
Sam men ilafiM. ifiu> mrA jrAurrU. 
(OlUirl mcii ndtU, ^AafE Piti toU. Tmv. 

Id au hour a p«pp«rcorii, in an hour a pound). 

draw or take breath, dam, y& aana leoL 
hold in one't breath, b&ub rokui. 
to be out of breath, aans ukharni ; h&upnl ; dam 
bbar jia&, y& cha^huA; a&na phfilai, ji 

Breaflie, t. n. I. rafire. Bins, yi dam lenL 

I can hardl; brcaAt. Miahkil tt tiAi itd kai, 

2. live, jliii; linda raboK; dam baai 

rahnft. 3. jiauH, dam lenK; cbhutU, yi 

furaat p&ui; saatSidl; thairuft. 

BnatbB, t. a. 1. intpire, s&nB lenl; dam lenL 

2. vtter to/tljf, chup-ke h k&u meA kalui&; 

ihista kahn&. 

3he eoftly bnalhtd bia name, 

I'l ne katilt K uiM ndm iijrS. raaatSnS. 

9. tufer to tak'. brtath, dnm lene deDS; 

A inoment bttathtd hid pauting steed. Scott. 

Ekdan mhSkpttghoTtho datitUnt ka titAhbi. 

4. in/utt, rQliphQukna; phOiikna; jilaml; 
j&u d&liii; lindah k. 

Aljle to bi-tatht Viie into a itoiie. 
PultAar miilji'i ddlta hai. 

breathe one's hist, i.'iMirl dam, yi Bins tens; 

sails pure k. ; dam-i-T&piBm len&; lambe 

yl akalire Bins lena. 
BlBathiUK, ». 1. rupiralion, dam-kasbi; si&s 

teoii; tiLiineriis. 2. tcuA, khu&hiBh; ch&h; icb- 

cliba; dil ki&rzQ;bb&»]i&; manoratli ; mano- 

kan)u&; taniatina. 3. {Gram.) he kl ivai. 
Breathing place, n. thairae ka makftu ; tliai- 

rao; bixrirn; rahao. 
Bieathlng time, n. aada lene ki ubbQt ; dam, yi 

ariin lene ka vaqt; thuirio; sastao; furaat. 
Breatbleas. a<<j. hnuptvbul; dam cbarltabua; 

s&As-pliula ; be-da.m. 
Breech, a. 1. 6aci/;<ii', cbotar; ;.i^1ihl; pnt- 

tha. 2. (of cawion) top ki pendi, yii picltha. 
bre'ech-loader.Aihiyi ki bandhq; (Cor.)l.icli lodar. 
Breech, v. a. i. put into breechet. jingiyft, 

kanhb^, yi pajim'i pahii^nS. 2.fiag, chQtnr 

par cbibuk, j& kora raariii. 
Breeches, n. Breeki, pi. kaobbn&; k&chld; 

jaiigiyii; obania; ghiitann&. 
viear the brteehet, pag^I biudh teni. 

BrawhH pooket, n. gojbi; jeb; girafa; gUth; 
Kill a inaD'i famfl; , and ha may brook it, [Bptm. 
But keep your haiidi out at hii irttcha foettL 
Kara qati lBt.d>i tut ki U, toK It, 
Magarjth kargU voh chhuat na dot. F. & 

Breed, v. a. [A. S. bitdan, P. jmrvardnr 
nouriBb, Du. broeden, Skr. vridh, H. bafknd to 
grow.] l.i^d,paidi k.; jaan&: nikSlnl; (bird*) 
Bea&; bachcha deii&; {animalt) by&u&, dilnS. 

Breiy mother bretit Dot ions alike. SKak. 

Bar tt nd kl ek tt belt nakiit kott. [Pra 

What ia tied iq the bone wont out ot tha Sad 

Jo tkilqat DwA wok idol men. 

(Aj the father, >o the (od. Jaui hdp hhikI kfl). 

2. bring up, pftlna; pilai poanl; utbLnl; 
Jwrwarish k. ' (p„t. 

To bring forth with paia, aod br*»d wttb s 
J)<Jcktejanna, JUlAydi-ln pdlnd. 

3. educate, t&llm, yi tarbiyat k.; pafhini 
guukni; baulnL [aabab b, 

4. produce, paidk k. ; niUIni; upjlnl; 

The north doth breed a race of sturdy men. 
Uttar ka ikOdd adaa hoti KaS. 
Breed, v. u. \.' bring forth yowig, iajva:k\ b«eh- 
oba d. 2. raiee a breed, jorilag&nft; bacbebe 
ntkilid; nasal ba^hiiA, y& chaluK. 
breed in and in, got meA bj&hnil ; apntjat taxA 

ahftdl k.; brj millni (animalt). 
Breed, n. 1. race, nasi; lat; khaml. 

2. hateh.jho\; byaAt; p&l;J&tak. 
eroM breed, dogU; du-nasla; jodhri; mel-ld. 
of a good breed, achchhi nasl-ki. 
pure bleed, asil; kharft; khalis. 
Breeder, n. 1. janani; janni; janti; janne-vili; 
paid& knriie-valL 

She w«> n great breedtrl Woh hartja-me-tilt Iklt 

2. a proliAc female, bacbcba-kash ; baraa- 

breeder of cattle, dhor^palak. 

Breeding, n. 1. nmlure. palan; parvariah. 

3. education, tarblat ; talim. 
lam ag.-llllBman of blood and (ireediMj. Skat. 
Main lAarf/ kitdfiddn kd aiir tarbiyat yS/lak hi*. 
3. manitert, tabzib; va£it-daii;ilm'i-niajlil; 

nishast barkh&sl ; utii-baith ; adab qUdak. 
Breese, n. [Skr. bhram whirl, H. b^ydr.] 

1. light wind, maud pavan, y& baylr; 
nasim; bid-i-taba. 

Soft brtett did dangle with her anbuni hair. 

Sabd kK'Urt iarli t/il <jir kt bhfire bttok m. 

2. if(«(uriance, kaha-smti; tQ-takir; tak- 
rar ; taiita ; shakar-ranjl ; ranjiBh ; bad- 

3. atkt* and c-ndrrt, lakh ; bhQbal. 
land breeze, barrl-havi, 

tea breete, habri hnva. 

Breexy, adj. hava-dar. 

BretliTen, n pi. bbni; bbai-band; bii^ditria. 

cffle brethren, n. biradrl; j&t bliM; sit-biradri. 

Brerity, n. ikbtiBir; sauksbep; babut maine 





, T. H. (H. w6d; boil.] 1. (liquor) iiturib ' 
tOohniL, yi k&nhld k. [barpl k. 

t. ouiUrive, mathni; uthiul; puldi k. ; 
i&o bretn ni»cluef, jhagur jinjal; fitu&- 
^x. [banu&i bQza-kasbl h. 

, V. R. 1. (of a brevier,) bir kblAulini, ;a 

I ira-fh, wring, bnio, bake, soaiir. Sktlc. Harry 
wivH. i, 4. Pakand riiidiai, iwliUnd, cUond, 
•icAi^Kd, ikardti iHdieKiid, tai Mail AI kartl 
AM. [rauiiinduSi chhlna. 

l.^olAer, (clouds) umandiia; gliumtuidnV 
, n. kivshU; miu&le kl stiar&b. [buza-kuah. 
CT) u. bIr kbeaohae, ji baii&ue-vil£ ; 
mj, BraW'liaiue, n. biUQ-khftii& ; bir ki 
f-khiua. [aiMh-bbar&I. 

I, u. risbvat; ghQAs; ghtlui pnohcbar; 

Uudue reward Cor auj Ibiii); ngiiiut juaticn ii 
k briit. S'liart. SiH n-I-jdyui Murind tiit 
ftl khiUf-iiiutf kt nfiCc rUliaal iaUdU Aai. 
abiolat!, risbvat-i-gitirnituhrut; dubii. 
€aatinj:iU, riahvat-shar.I ; tiruia. 
I, V. a. rUhvat deai, yl kliilint; kof 
u&; ghtU d. ; miLab bhami; chatlna; 
ittbi garui k. 

n 6ri'i«, riahvat leak; gbaa kbiuS, 
IT, n. riabvat deiig-viti. 
s/-*ott bi-ibtJ, ghas-kbtii, yl levA; riBbrat- 
.or y& kb&ue-T&lK. 

iry, D. riahvat -khari ; rishTat-BitfuI. 
c, D. 1. Idt; kbuhL 

You cuiuut nuke brhkt without itnw. 

liaihaa b'mi Ul noMk ban taJcU t 

A briet in hu bAt. Oiindgk £a eiori rakl \at. 

2.{Slaity) iiek; yar-b^h; ybroA ki y&r. 

Aa uld trUk. Pardti j/it. 
■ct"!/, chikiil raitti. 
( briet, pakkl I&t'. 
brick, ^ajave kl Itit. 

f brick, gumma. [pakkS. 

I o/ bri'ti, briekhaill, lAtofi-ka; kbisbtl; 
rut brick, kaoliolil {iit. [lutou ka farah k. 
k, V. a. lilt bicbb&im; kluirauj^ bichh&u&; 
' up, dlvir men ohun deiii. 
k-bat, a. lut U tiikfi; rori. 
k-doBt, n. aurkhi; lall; Ii'iU-kboyi; pI[lfL 
k-fleld, Briok-7»d, u. lh\^ bauiue U 

k'kils, n. paJ4v&. 

klaysr, Brick'mason, o. rij ; mem&r. 
k-layiusi u. rij-girt; mem&r!, 
k-makei, □. iut'patbeir&. 
k-trawel) Q. karui. 
k-tBd, adj. lilt tA l&l. 
k-Wftll, D. liiton kl divlr. 
k-'wark, u. 1. lay tap nf briet*, lut i&kKm. 
2. (rfkide o/bricii) lutoii k& baaa-huK, yi 
ikka (tuitkan). 
al, u. bivab; bivib; shadi; biySh sbadl. 

Sweat day, (o oool, ao calm, k> bri({bt, 
Tha bridal uf tba eirtb and iky. Berbtrt. 
MoMur diiiu, lUal, iCAir, eh'untat haicJiutvi or, 
■ Mtao ij ait* U bhtn niy ttydA hot. F. C. 

al, adj. biyiha; biy&oll; sbidiSul; urOal. 

Ifridtd eerrmoiof, biyib kl rit raBaio. 

bridal drau or preMiUt. g&obaq; orbul; ohuiiri; 

biiili j&mi; uh&dl ka jori; biyKha jurft. 
bridal bed, biy&hQpaIiid^;8Ubig-sej. 
9ride,ii. dulbm; bi&oll; bahfl bi}>&all; bajinl; 
baoii; urOs. 

Tiie briiUgott to ber marriij^ bad, but knows 
not wLat iiLull happen to bnr. Fruv. 

BaJH, eharhi uj naji'it kfS kyd ko. 
Hat by hm owu aipdrianee tried, [Lj/ttltlon. 
How muob tba wifa it dearer tb>a the bridi. 
MhA titbit gt\ apne tajrubc le 
Kifgirl luxi bahr, nti&ut daVtan Ice. V. C. 

Brid»-oake, n. chh&k; mattbi; toaba. 
Blldo-Oluuilbw, n. diUbau'k& kaiora; kobbar. 
Bridagraom, u. dOlbS; bar; bani'i; bauua; 
nau-sbaL [sbab-v&la; Bbiv&lft. 

BridagiMm'i-nuui, Best man, n. sbah-bili; 
Bridsimald, a dulban kl sabell; lukoL 
Bridewell, a, havalat; jel-kb&ua. 
Bridce, □. ). pul; net; neta; Barit. 2. (of the 
noM) tOk^ltiix-ii.. 2. (J/tu.) ghoTl;gbu|Mh. 
bridge of boaU, n&o kA pul ; £. poutoou. 
draa-bridife, pid-takhtah. 
flging briiije, pIpoA 1^ pul. 
girder or traet bridge, qainohl-d&r puL 
lattice bi-idge, jalid&r pul. 
ateto bridge, tirobhi pul. 
MjjMflfion bridge, jb&le kS pul. 
tubular bridge, ual ka pul. 
BTldfS, T. a. put Uftdbuk, t*" baniid; pnl- 

buiidl k. ; kisbtioa ka pul baniiiL 
throai a bridge over, pul bifidhu&. 
Biidlfl, n. 1. keaditall and rtitu, lag^ra; ialn. 
K bridl€ far the tongue i> » neceiury [NSoe ot fur- 
niture. ProT. Zabia b) lag/Lit tarllr lai. 

2. curb, rok; atk&o; band; lagam.[obaftAu&. 

Blidler T. a. 1. put a bridU on, lagim d.; y& 

3. rutraiii, roknK; d&bui; baz rakhui. 

Bridie tba pamoiu 1 tiidri batUarel 
To briiitt oua's tongue, Zitid* ho Ju^dn d. 

Bridle, t. u. ai&tbua; aka^uk; tanni; kbiooh- 
iA; idchut'; btvl k. 

bridle up, (apne tela) dQr kheaobn&. 

Bridle-luuLd, u. lagani ki hath ; Id&yiA bath. 

Bridle-path, oi n»d, n. gbofs k& tist&. 

BridlB-atrap, u, galUnl; baddbL 

Blidoon, □. (Hit.) risale U lag&m. 

Brie( a^j. 1. Aort, tbo^; kam; kotfib; qalll. 

How hri^ tbs Life of mau. SKak. Ckir din kl 

liiu^I utidH 1:1. (Life luta but four dftyij. 

2.eoiKiie, mukbtiiaar; Bankiba|I; mujmal. 

f will be brief. Uathtaiar kait dttd kth. 

Bllet o. 1. epitome, iutikhab; kbul&sa; muj- 

mu); ikhtU&r; aaAkshep. 

^. (£aui) kain;at,ylkhuiasamuqaddama. 
Briefless, udj. be-kir ya tbali (mkil). 
a briejleii lai-ritter, Tukll-i-be-muqadama^ 
Briefly, in hrie( adv. mukhtaaar; ikbtia&ran; 

qisiui-kotib ; al-qisaa ; h&ail kal&ia ; mukhtaaar 

btar se; bil-ikbtiair. 
Brier, a. [E./Adr] k&Ate-dir jbiJ^. 
Brig, Q. ao-ma«tal ki jahix. 

Brigadt, n. topkh&na, risiU, aur paidal ki 

fauj ; lira. 
Brigandi a. bat-m&r; d&kil; dakait; qaaszaq; 

lutera; rahzan. [qassaqi. 

BrigandagOy n. ba^m&ri ; dakaiti ; lat-mEr ; 
Brigiit, brilliant, adj. 1. shining^ ujla; ujjal; 

raushau ; t&ba& ; chamak-dar ; munayvar. 

Bright aa nooadty. Do-pakar $d ratuKan, 
Silvery bright. Ckdhdi »d eham-AKL 
The earth wai dark, but the heaveni were 
bright. Drakt. DhaHl pe aadherS, aur 
dkdt pe ujdld thd. [mujalli. 

2. tramparetU, shaflaf; alaah-sS; musaffU; 

3. (splendid in charms) chande&ftab; 
ebaude-QLahtab; chaudr-badan ; sim-tan; 
cbandr-mukhi ; mlh-i-tabao. 4. sparkling 
ufUh toiiy ztix'i^ ; naql-i-majlis ; gul. 

Be bright and jovial 'mong your guests / SktA, 
Mekmdnok he sdth hhush o khurram raho. 

5. illustrious^ n&mi; n&mvar; n&m-s&d; 

height-eyed^ ujjal -nainL 

bright eyesy ujjal nain ; iakheA moti-cbflr. [v&ll 
bright-haired maidy chamkile, j& sunahrl baloft* 
bHght-hued, cbamak-dar; chamkila. 
Brighten, v. a. 1. fiuike luminous^ chamk&n&; 

ujalna; jilak.; jhamkaua; op den&. 

2. make efieerful, kbush, sb&d, bashsh&sh, 

j& kbusb o khurrum k. 3. ennoblty n&m k. ; 

shobrat d. ; mashbfLr k. 
Brighten, ▼. n. 1. chamakni; ujjal h. 

Aud night shall brighten into day. 

Aur thab ros-rautkan ho jd9gl. [kurftoft. 

2. khusli bo jaiia; kbushl zahir k. ; mus- 
His face brightened up. Utke chehre »e khuihl 

bariune Ictgi, 

Brightly, adv. cbamak, yi ab o t&b ke satb. 
Brightness, Brilliancy, n. obamak; jbalak; 

obamak damak ; op ; &b ; ab-daii. 
Brim, n. [Skr. bhram whirl] kinara; kor; 

kanna; kagar; lab. 
Jill to tfie brimy miiuhi-mttAb bbarni. 
Brimful, Brimming, adj. bbar-par; mtli&ba- 

maiib; laba-lab; lab-rez; sar-sbir. 
Brimstone, n. [H. b&md burn] gandak. 
Brindled, adj. [Icel. brenna^ H. hamd to bum] 

krtbra; chitkabr&. 
Brine, n. [A. S. bryne salt liquor, burning, H. 

h&ni& bu rn .] 1 . salt water y nona pan? ; namak 

ki pan! ; ah-i-shor ; kharl piui. 2. sea, sagar; 

samandar ; samudr ; babr. [Thomson. 

Lathed into foam, the fierce conflicting brine, 
Samandar ulhi taith men josh khd. 

3. tfarsy afisO ; asbk. 

Brinepit, n. non-kbatta ; namak-sar ; sar. 
Bring, V. a. [Skr. bhri bear.] 1. lana; le-aua; 

lete-ina ; utba Kna; pesh k. 2.inducef amadah 

k. ; ragib k. ; mail k. ; razi k. 

I cannot 6rtn^ him to do this. 
Maih us se yeh kdm, nahih kard taktd. 

bring about^ karvana ; bar lana. 

bring back, pber lana; utba, ya vapis le-ina. 

bring down^ gir&ni ; ghat&ni ; past k. ; nicb& dl* 
khini ; dhani ; fannaa-bardir, ser, y^ mntl k« 
To bring down high looks. 
Oar&r dhdnd^ yd rdehd dikhdnd. 
bring forth, (woman) janna ; bachcba den& ; 

(animals) byini ; (trees) pbalna. 
bring foripard, age, y& samue lina; hinr, 

maujQd, ya pesh k. 
bring in, 1. place in any condition, kisi halat 
men lini. 2. recover, pakar lini; tabt men 
l&ni ; 3. supply, lini ; babam pahUncbana ; 
mubaiyi k. i. introduce, lini; dikbil k.; 
pesb, yi hizir k. [ham k. 

bring together, ikbatta k.; ekjagah k. ; £airi- 
hring to life, jilina ; zinda k. 
bring to light, zkh'iv, ifsbi, aya6, yi fash k. [ni. 
bring to mind, yad k.; dbiy&a men lini; bichar- 
bring of, cbhnraui ; bacha lini ; uikal lini. 
bring on^ lini ; le-ina ; karvana. 

He brought it all on himself. Apne Upar dp dftU 
IdyS. Fatigue brought on a fever. TKakan ss 
bukhdreh(srh dyd, 

bring on the rent-roll, tauiih meik cbarhina. 
bring otU, kholni ; zahir k. ; praghat k. ; ni- 

kalna. [phor leoi* 

bring omr, kbench lini ; mili leni ; tor, y& 
bring round, L bring to, hosh men lana; ohe- 

tau k. 2. reconcile, maniiii ; rizl k. ; khush k. 
bring to (a ship) th&mbni ; rokui ; thair&ni. 
bring to one^s senses, bosh me£i liui; ohetiuUi^ 

sfdhi k. ; thik baniiii. 

bi-ing to pass, guzama ; amal men lana. 

bring under, zer, muti, yi idbiii k.; dabalena; 

apue tabat, igiya, bas, qabze, ya bath men 

bring up, 1. nurse, palua; poena; parvarishk. 
2. educate, tilim d. ; likbini parbini; 

tarblyat d. ; dhang sikbaua. [bar; lavi. 
Bringer, n. 1. lane-vala. 2. (In camp.) ivur; 
Brink, n. [Irish bru belly, brink, H. ubhrd 

swollen] kinara; karira; tlr; tat; lab; sihiL 
Briny, adj. namkiu; saloua; khiti; sbor. 
Brisk, adj. pburtila; pburtya; turturyi; chi- 

lak ; obust cbaiak ; ohaq chauband ; tea. 
A brisk fire. Tez akch, 
Briske!;, n. gao-siaa. [chusti se. 

Briskly, adv. pburtl se ; jbapake se ; tezi se; 
Briskaess, n. phurti ; chuiiti; chalaki; tezi. 
Bristle, n. sQar ka bal ; suar-balla ; kari bil. 
Bristle, v. a suar ke bal ki tarab khafi k.; 

ruan kbara k. [rung kand rani. 

Bristle, v. n. ruen khare b.; phurairi leni; 

His hair did brittle on his head. 

Uike sir ke bal k'lare ho goB. 

The fort bristled with guns. 

Qileh par topeh hi topch charhl hul thin. 

Bristle bDard, n. pattlii; vasli; vasllu; dafli. 
Britannia metal, u. ek dhat jis men sau hisse 

tin, ath hisse surma, do hisse tauba, aur do 

hisse bismuth bota bai. 
British, adj. inglistaui; angrezi; valayati. 
British-born subject, iuglistan ki riayi. 






Briluk Oommment^ saltanat-i-Bortiuiyi^ sark&r- 

Britvi^ India^ sark&d Hindustan. 
Sriiish Nation, abl-i-inglist&n. 
Britoa, n. Augrez ; ahl-i-iuglistau. 
BdttlA, a^j. [&i. £. briUn, H. phornd to break] 

kar&ri; bhurbhuril; karako&; ma^akua; 

Two ftriyiUttl britUait wrthXj Udngs, 
A Udy'» fiMXi, and China wara. 8w^ 

Jhtn^n men do hi shai haih bahut n^nUc o i4Adh, 
Bk Ckin kebartan hain, doyam drU-i-jdn&h, F.O. 

hriUie a» gla$Sy obtlrl, y& ktlnch-si. 
Brittleaeis, n. bburblmr&bat; uaz&kat. 
Broadi, t. a. I. let otU, kboIu&; raU dena; ni- 

kiioa. 2. utter, kabua; zikr k. 
Broad, adj. [H. bard^ Skr. vridh to grow.] 
1. wide, ciiaufa; mokla; cbakla, 2. extend- 
iif phailabaa; kusliada; farakb. 3. amide, 
bafi; Yaai; babut. 4. open, kbula; rausbau. 
Mroad op«a day. Din doMrt; roiiraiuUan, 

5. imdelicate, bakui ; gaudi ; fobsh. 
m hroad a$ long, jitoA latuba utu& bl chauf^; 

ars tfil barabar; ekis&n;- jraksan. 
gmabr€adhint, kbuiakbul&kahu&; safkaha&i 
•mid, OL obauK^ ( Breadth). 
on the broad of kU back, kamar ke bal ; chit. 
iRMid-liaokdd, adj. chauri pitb-v&I&; obakli- 

kMd-lnll, n. jangl! battakh. [tall kft. 

Sroad-battomed, adj. obaure pe&deki; obau^ 
Bfoad-lireasted, adj. chau^, }ll cbakle siiie- 

v&UL [kberua. 

Bxoadeast, sow broadcast, v. n. paberu&; ba< 
Broadcast, adv. paber-ke, y& bakherke (bona). 
Broadcloth, n. b&uat.* 
Broad-day, u. roz-raushan ; khul& din. 
at broad-day, adv. din dab&re ; din dliaule. 
Broaden, ▼. n. chaur& h. ; obakli b. [cbakUu&. 
Broaden* v. a. obaura, y& obakii k. ; chauriD& ; 
Broad-eyed, acy. cbaurl, y& pbati ankh-vala; 

pbat^kokbE; ^j-cbasbm. 

Broad-foot, adj. chaure panje-ka. 
Broadclieaded, adj. cbaure, ya bare sir-vili. 
Broad-bomed, adj. cbaure smgb-luL. 
Broadish, adj. cbaura-s&; kucbb cbau|il. 
Broad-leaved, adj. cbaure patte ka; chaur- 

patya. [taur se. 

Broadly, adv. kbul& khula; s&f s&f; behuda 
Broad-nunthed, adj. cbaure mtlnh ki ; chau^;- 

mllnb&. [bar. 

Broadness, n. cbaurai; ohaklal; arz; pau&; 
Broad-slioaldered, adj. cbar-shaua; obaufe 


Broadside, n. I, (of a ship), pahlu; baza. 

2. a volley, jah&z kl shallak. 

$. (Print) ek rukbah cbbapa-hu& k&gaz. 
Bioadsword, n. obaufe phai ki talvar; tegft, 
Broadwije, adv. obaurau men ; araau. 
Brobdignagian, adj. gbagas-aa; r&kshas-sa; 
bahut hi bari ; niblyat bar&. 

Brocade, n. kamkhulb; kimkhSb; zarbaft;. 

tam&inl; zarl; rasma; ta3b;b&di&. [rnf ka. 
Brocaded, adj. bidlS-posb; kamkhu&b!; tamar 
Brjoooli, n. ek qisam ki gobhi. 
Brociiurd, u. risila ; cbau-van]a. 
Brogue, n. I. a coarse ehoe^ ganv&ri jat& ; derh 

talekijar&; kbaunsra. ^.corrupt, ganvari 

bol cb&l ; sakkar-survi. 
Broil, n. jhagra; larai; dangl. 
Broil, v. a. [P. birydti, H. bamd, bkunnck to 

burn] bhQiuiS; kab&b k ; sekna. 
Broiled, adj. bbuna, y& sikft-bua; kabib kiya 

h'la; biry&n. 
Broiler, n. 1 one who broiUy jbag^la ; fasEJi; 

dangai. 2. gridiron, (Cor.) greldau. [gliain. 
Broiling, adj. bbunne-vali; jahi; bh&dou ka 
Broken, part. adj. 1. crushed, tfita; pbata; 

sbikasta. 2. eubdued, maglub ; muti ; dabail. 
3. bankrupt, divElya. 
broken-backsd, kamar- tuta: thaddi*tQt&; kar- 

t&ta; kubfu; kubri; kOzab-pu^bt. 
broken doutn with misfortunes, t&te-h&l ; pliate- 

hal; tabah-lial; patla-b&l; zada-ii&l; kba- 

rab-kba^ita; sbikastab-b&l. 
brohen-hearted, man-man; iii-m&ua; ni-Diatii; 

shikaata-dil, va kl>atir; mau-mallu; afsur- 

dab-dil; murdab-dil. 
broken meat, bacba goabt ; baob&-kuch&. 
broken sleep, tQti, ucbat, y& kaohcbi-uliid ; ulm- 

broken vessels, tQte pbate bartan; phut; tbikre. 
broken-winded, sber-dam. 
Broker, n. 1. agenit, bicbauliya, dall&l. 

2. dealer, kabaf i ; gud^i^S* 
Brokerage, u. dall&U; dastdri. 
Bronchial, adj. pbepre, ya gale ke mutaalliq. 
Brononit.s, n. pbep^'e ki stijan. 

Bronse, n. kids! ; kuskut. 

Bronse, v. a. kan»i k& rang k., y& pherua. 

Bronsed, adj. kansl ka sa radg pbii-ik hu&; dhup 

ki jaia hni. 
Brooci, n. [0. F. broche, H. harchhi a lance] 
jugni; dbukdbuki; tikfi. IBsnJonton. 

iiooor's a good brooch to wear in a maa'a bat. 
Iztat asal tarrah Aot p(igfi pe b<uhar ki. 

Brood, V. n. sit on eg<j$, ande sena ; senft; an- 

don par baitbni. 
brood ooer, soch men dabna ; gaur k.j khauz k. 
Brood, n. jbol ; by ant. 
Brood mare, n. by ant ki ghorl. 
Brook, n. [Skr. b&H water ] nadi ; nili; sarta. 
Brook, v. a. bardasht k.; sahna; utbaui; 

jheina; angejua. 

Shall we who could not brook one lord 

Crouch to the wicked ten t MaeaHla.}/, 

Jin te na utthe ek ki bdt, 

Wok hob sahtfeh da$ kilAtt [the kicks of ten). 

(Shall they who could not brook a word endure 

Broom, n. [H. barhnl,] 1. «/irii6, jbia; sink. 

Brootti, boy I, brootn, it grows on youder hill. 
It bears a little yellow flower, junt like the 

lemon pilL Song, 




lllfc till 






Sihkf larloh, ugti hai'h fHirhat he Upar 9&mne, 
Pile ekhoU pkiUjitke rakqtare kt rang htUh, F. 0. 
2. besom,' ^hki^^ ; bub&rl; sohuf; j&rob; 

A new broom sweeps clean. ProT. 

Nayd natikar »her mdrtd hau ProV. 

(A new servant will slay a tiger.) 

I am sent with broom before [K. D. V. 3. 

To sweep the dust behind the door. Sh<ik, Mid. 

Main paJde Me dyd AAn U-kar yekjkSfA, 

Ki it deori kd main kfifd buhdr^h. F. C. 

Broom-stioki n. jha^a, till, y& sink ki mutthl. 
Broth, n. yakhni; shorbS. 

Chicken broth, Murgi hd tkorhd. 

Brothel, n. randl k& mak&n, gbar, yft kotb&; 

cbakU; kotbi chhallE; add%; iAturbir&.* 
Brother, D. [P. birddar; S.'bhiratd; H.'6//di.] 

1. one bom of the eanu parents, bh&i; bir; 
bir&dar-i-haqiql ; sahodar ; sagi bh&I ; sagt 
8ohdr& ; mft-jftyft ; barilbar kl b&nb. 

2. <m cusocicUe, saugitT; s&th!; raflq; ham- 
sobbat; bam-dam; bb&I-bir&dar. 

brother in law, (eister'e husband) jlj& ; bahnol ; 
bblnft; bhagn!-patl; dQlb& bhfti; {wife's bro- 
ther) 8&li; nisbati bb&i; khusar-purab ; 
(Slang) sal&r-jai^g ; parv&ne kl naql. [i-a]&tl. 

brother of the half blood, 8autel& bb&I ; bir&dar- 

brother*s daughter, bh&I kl betl ; bhat^I. 

brother* s son, bb&I k& beUl ; bhatlji. 

brother's wife, bh&bl ; bb&VHJ ; bbauj&I. [dftu. 

elder brotlier, baril bhal ; birftdar-i-kal&n ; d&d& ; 

foster brotlher, dha-bbal ; kok& ; bii&dar-i-raz&I. 

h%Lsband!s elder brotlier, jetb. 

husband! s younger brotlur, devar ; deoril. 

own brother, liaqiql ya 8ag& bb&I; sabodar; 
biradar-i-haqiqi ; ina-jay&. 

step brother, sautel& bbal ; bir&dar-i-akhyafL 

sworn brothers, bam-dam ; pakk& y&r, y& dost. 

twin broUiei', jorl& bh&T; bii*adar-i-tuam. [anuj. 

younger brother, cbbot& bbai; birildar-i-khurd; 

Brotherhood, n. bbal-bandl; bb&I-cbari; biradrl; 
zat-biradrl; apnayat. 

Brotherly, adj. bbHi'ka-8&; apn&eti; bir&dar- 
aiiS ; bir&dat-&i)a tarlq se ; Epas y& apn&yat kl. 

Brought, p. p. Bring, q. y. 

brouglU io^fether, ikbatU klya; ikbatt& klyft 
gaya; sh&mil klya hu&; mujmal. 

how a suit in to be brought, muqaddama pesb kar- 
ne k& tailq, G. G. [karnc ka tariq, G. G. 

hoto brought before the court, ad&lat meii talab 

lawfully brought, q&nQnan dayar kly& gayfl. 

Brow, 1). [A. S. bruva, Skr. MrtZ, H. bhaun. Per. 
abru,] 1. eye brow, bbauu; abrtl; bhirkiitl. 

And arched brow, pulled ov'r his eyes 

With solemn proof proclaims him viiBe.Churehil. 

Bhavth ahkhriyoh pe tanih jHh kamdh 

Uai dandi kd wke pakkd niiJidh, F. C. 

2. forehead, mat ha ; mastak ; pesbini ; lilat. 
knit the brow, teoil cbnrhftna; mathe men bal 

dalna; chin bsi-jjibln boiiS. 

3. bnnk, clioti (pahdr kl). 

Browbeat, v. a. gburakua ; dhamkaiiE ; dabanft ; 
darina; diutna; jbirakua. 

Browbeating, n. gburkl ; dbamkf ; dar&Tft. 
Brown, adj. (A. S. brOn, H. bhard, from bdma, 

Icel. brenna to barn] bbflr&; khairiL; b&d&mf; 

8anol&; salonft; sabzab. 

Now like I brown (0 lovely brown thy hair); 

Only in brownnest beauty dwelleth there. />my<<Mfc 

Baikg bh&rd mujhe bhdid hai tere bdloh kd, 

Jfusn dlam men band haigd faqat rang bhi^rd* F. C. 

brown-bread, Ifil roti ; siki rotl. 

broum maid, tAhoM ; s&iioll salonL 

brown study, socb men dilbii& ; kbay&l ment hon&. 

Brownish, adj bbnr&-sa; sanoli-BE; mallb 

Browse, v. palft, y& sag-pat kb&iia ; cbam&. 
Wild beasts there browse, and make their food. Milton, 
Wahdk vohjdrtvar rharte aur apndpet bharte hain. 

Browae, u. p&lll; gbJU-f^t; chilt^* 

Brain, n. bhaia; richb; kbirs. 

Broiie, v. a. kncbalnft ; kQtnil; cfaakn&K^bftr k.; 

chQrS, k. ; ch1irm& k. [Jhydeik 

They beat their breasts with many a bruising blow. 
Wok apnl ehhdtloh meh dkafddhaf mukkt m&rtlkmk, 

Bmise, n. chot ; 8adm&. [kut&-chbiti. 

Bruised, adj. 'kucbl&-buft; chitb&buk; kntfr; 
Bruiser. (Slang) tbokQ ; musht-zan ; dukait. 
Bruit, V. a« [Skr. barh to speak] charch& k.; 
shobrat d.; niasbhUr k.; kirti k. ; shor mach&oi. 
Bruit, n. cbarcbi; shobrat; kIrti. 

Much bruit, little fruit. Pro7. Uheh% dMb^ 
phikd pakvdn, ProT. (Great boast, little roast) 

Brunette, n. bbUil; s&uoll; gebu&n y& gan- 

dumi rang kl aurat. 
Brunt, n. sad ma; cbot; zarb; hamla; dh&v&. 

The brunt of battle. Lardl kd sadmd. 
Brush, n. 1. bursb ; burush. 2. {apainter*s) 
baton ki qalam; qalam. 3. (Met,) mu^b-bhe^; 
jbarap ; kbata-pati ; jbarpa-jba^pi; uok-jhok. 
4. (of a fox) lomri kl pQncb. 
brush for flies, cbaubri; cbaiirar; raorcbhal. 
Brush, y. a. \, clean, jbarna; jba^ d. ; gard 
jba^ n& ; jbar poucbb k. ; saf k. 

2. tou^\, in pamng, ragar kbiln& ; bhi^na. 

3. sweep, malyamet k. ; cbaupat k. ; bnh&r 
dena ; safai kar dena. [taza k. 

brush u/), cbamkana ; jila k.; ujalnS.; nikbarna; 
br\tsh up oii^s learning, amokbta pberna. 
Brush, v. n. skim lightly, achbv&ye jan&; halke 

jana. [ubbar jUnl 

brush or scamper off, kafiir, ya champat ho jSn&; 
Brushwood, n. jbar! ; jbar •jbaukai;'. 
Brusque, adj. akkbar; ujad. 
Brutal, adj. 1. animal, haivan-sa; haivSnt; 

vabsbi ; bllsb ; jangli. 2. cruel, nir-dai ; be- 

rabm ; zalim; kathor; sang-dil. [saug-dili. 
Brutali^, n. kathor-pan ; katbor-taf ; be-rabmi; 
Brutalize, v. a. vabsh I ya katbor banana ; be- 

rabm, ya saf g-dil k. 
Brutally, adv. nir-dal-pano se; be-rahmi se; 

katbor-tai se ; aang-dil! se. [samajh. 

Brute, adj. I » senseless, a-budb ; na-dan; an- 

2. savage, vabsbi; nir dai; Latbor; sang-diL 
You brute 1 Are, nir-daif 

3. rough, akkbaf ; ujad. 

BRU \ 

I, ii4j- 1- hatiat, haivin-sS; haivkol; 
or-Bi. 2. /er«ctou«, tuod; pbifkhia; 
idft; khtln-khiilr. 3. carnal, shahvat- 
tt; bmi; kain&tur. 
uwiviliitd, gauv&r ; akkfaBf ; uja(|. 
insu, n. haiv&nyat; be-vaqaH 
, a. [Skr. 6»/6iMf, H. biUbuli, from the 
liDg souud bud bud.] 1. bulbula; hulAb. 
any thing frail, o8 kemoU; uaqsh-i-bar 
plul kt bulbula. 
TfasD > ■oldier. 

SMking tha bMU repuUtion, 
Etbd iu the catmoD's mouth. SkaJc. 

not-karjdn tap ke neAiU, 
BuOiOa ndN ks npihl diBnJe. F. C. 

a cheat, dhoke kl tattl; dhoki. 
, V. n. bulbule uthni; kbad-badini. 
IK, adj. hulbule utbte-hue. 
n. [Ger. fruit, H.'io6o breaats] 
Qiiubl; dadhi; pistin. 
I, [Lat. b%ibo, H. baghl, lad.'\ 1. tore, 
b&ghi; kiikrili. 2. ovl, ek qiaam ka uilO. 
.eer, n. daryal-d&ka; samandrl chor. 
.eeiing, II. darjii dika k& peshL 
1. kapra dhoue ki paiiL 
1. [A.'S. fineca, H. hok a. he-goat] 
tnale deer, mirg ; hiran ; hiroiL 
fitati, binka; chhaila; albelL. 
idc, k&l& hiraa. 
r. D. kuiel k. ; kilol k. ; alol k. 
uket, n. tokri jis mefi mule kapre dho- 
a le-jate haii>. foharu. 

, n. [H. &xt goat]dol; dolchi; bok&; 
f leather, charaa ; muth ; chamre Id. doL 
fal, D. dol-bhar; charas-bhar. [pat^i. 
i;atool,'u. dbobi pit; kap^e dhone U 
, u. batuuK; boklaa. 
, V. a. bakdui lagatia;joru&, [salla-jang h. 
m one't annour, hatbyir Hudhul; mu- 
Ti n. dhal; sipar; phail. 
T, V. n. baohaiui; daatglrl jrt bindjat 
nahftlz rakhuK. 

I'll haekUr tLe« agsioit > million. Siak, 

T^iK ko IdUurh men ntaih baeliaaAyi. 

tm, a. myin-tah; kutti; kut. 

dn, n. luirg-chhala; hiran kl khftl. 

heat, n. ba; e d&ne ki gehaa ; pamman 

ID ; mots gehOn. 

1, adj. charviS yi ablron b git; ratviL 

, [Ger. butle, H. bOti flowered plant] 

; guiicha; Bhigflfa. 

. n. kali ana; ehigufa ana. [atkaaiopat. 

A. bidding virgin. BSUjt^iia; laeluAl kali; 

. a. paivand ja qalam lagani, 

V. n. [Lat. bullire, S. ubulnd to boil, 
fc Port. bitlUr to boil, stir] hatiul; sarak- 
talna; digai. 

not budge aa iDch. £i til bhar tu^k tarksiga- 

I not move no much u n muatiinl aeed. ) 

t, n. [0. Eiiz. hogelt, H. Udri a, aack.] 

a Itey, tluull; khiaa (bag, 1.) 3. itore. 


pOqjI ; ^th ; gatbrl. 3. {fiManeial), molk kft 
&iU»i takhmlaa-i-biaib. [goooh. 

Bndlike, adj. kali kl minind ; kall-jaia ; mial-i- 
'BioB, D. [Fr buffle, H. bhai^ a biiffiilo.j 

1. bliaifiai; adhnurl. 2. military coat, 
B'i{Ahiy&ua poatlQ. 3. color, lard-rnAg. 

BnfTalo, n. [LaL hot buialui, Skr. tnahithi. Per. 

me$h, H. bkaMt] bhainsi; bhaina. 
bufalo hide, bhaiua kl chamn; bhainaa ; adhau^ 
wild buffalo, B.Tu\ bhaiDi>&. [parya. 

Voun^ &ujfa/<ica^/, katra ; jboU; jhoti; piri; 
Bnifer, n. [0. Fr. 6u/«-, H. phiUnd to "puff out] 

Bnffe^ n. l.blov, ghoma; miikkl; mukki; 

thappaf ; thaperi; tamacba; dhaul; muHbt; 

yW. 2. {Fr. buffet) khine pine ^ kamra. 
Boflbt, T. a. mukki yaghQuU mama; ghusiyi- 

ni; butj-iiii; dukijaua; dhapjiui; dhaut, 

yi thappar manii; dnk lagani. 
buffet Ihe wavee, 1. lahrou se larua ;l takriui; 

pini Htna. 2. muahkilit se lafua. 
Bi^o, 0. maskhora. 
Bntfoon, n. maakbara; boll ki bhafTi. 
BuffiMtneiy, n, maskban-pan. 
Bug, n. khatmal ; khat-kipri; ufis. 
hugjly, gaodhl khatmal. 
Bi^ibflu, Bugaboo, q. [H. bui a devil, fVom 

Skr. 6Au to be. See Be] havvi; Ifila; bui; 

koko ; ghQui ; kankata ; d&l roU ; d&l chapktl ; 

nekl bibl. 
Bnggerai, □. lauude-biz ; igliml ; IflU. 
BugCT. o. {Cor.) baggi; ghori-gifi. 
Bugle, n. [Lat. bueulm, W. huelin, H. 5ml, A. 

haqar an oi] bigul ; fauj ^i shikir ki uar- 

singi ; karui. 
Bnglehorn, n. narsiugi; turhl; tnnu. 
Bugler, n. bieul bajiue-vila. 
Build, V. a. [A. S. bold, IceL bU, P. bad, H. 

b&»A dwelliii}:] chunni; ban&ui; uthiiA; 

makan ya imirat banana; tamlr k. 
The boiue wu iuildtd of tha earth, 
Aod ahall bit aguu to ground. Ttmnyton. 
Saekeki miUi td vioh band lAd ghar, 
MU mkjifgi kkSk mek gir-kar. P. C. 

Bnild, V. u. l./ouitd, dharna; rakhni; load&r 
rakboi ; qlim k. 2. depend on, etilAr, etimid, 
ummed, is, yi bbarosa rakhni. 

buHd outlet in tiu air, man ke laddQ phorna 
ytlu^hini; dhal kl raaslbatni; khaj&ll 
pulio pabiil; khijil-i-kbam biudhni. 

Builder, n. I. rij ; memar; mistii, 

2. bill!; majid; karti. [timlr. 
Building, n. ghar; m>ibu; haveli; imirat; 

Building ia ■ meet impoveriihing. Pror. 

Ivtirat ^dral. ProT. 

Bulb, n. 1. {Sol] gattbl (ryot); gattha; daU 
{thalgam) ; potfal '(^ahtan). 

3. {of a thermnmetcr) pet; kothi. 
Bnlhoui, a4j. gathiti ; ginth-dir, 

b^bovt root, gatbilija;-; kaiid. [kat-iiia. 

Bulge, Bulge out, t. n. phfllni ; nbhariii ; ni- 

Balk, n. [H. dnl, Tir. dalfar soliditr, kd of, H. 
4^ldj Sant. dhalak a clod of earth.] 

1. iiu, jaflltnat ; dll-daul. 

2. ^roM, aksar ;ba;iL hidsa ;bahut-s&. [bojhi. 

3. itoaage, bhilr; bharat ; bharot!i; bojh; 
huUc of the peoiVi^ aksar ashkhis ; bahiit idmL 
brectkb^fk, l.iiiii<HM/,kL8ht! jajahas kliilik. 2^i 

out. pQnji kam k ; mil men baddhi lag&a&. 
BnlkhMd, n. takhton kf dlrir. 
BnlkiaeaSy n. janamat ; &k&r ; bari-pan ; bojh. 
Bnikj, adj. bare ikar-ki. 
Boll, n. [H. hail, A. S. heflan to bellow, H. 
ramihdnd.^ 1. nar gio; sand; bijar. 
2 (Ait,)h%\\\ saur; birakb. 

At Uut from Aries rolls th« boiint^otis sail, 
Aad the bright B%U receives him. Thowtmm, 
Hamal te nuLu faiz-bakhth aftdb, 
CKald 5s»r men woh batad ab o tab. F. C. 

%, stock jobber, n&m-ch&r ko khai Id&r-i-hisaa. 
take the bull by the horniy bail ko singou se pakaf 

leni; jurat se samiii k. 
Bully n. I . blander y galatT ; chtik ; khatS ; dhoki. 

2. {the Pope*i) Pop ka farm&ii y& fatva. 
an Irish bidl, maz^qy& gnlati. 
Boll-baiting, Bnll-ilglit, n. biud ln^n&. 
Boll calf^ D. 1. bachhri; bachchhi. 

2. a stupid fellow, bail ; bachhji k& bivl. 
Bull-dog, n. (Cor.) guld&iik. 

Ballet, n. golf. 
Ballttia, n. gasat ; jftd-patr. 
Ballet prjof, adj. goii-rok. [mdbi. 

Ball-faced, adj. s&nd-niaha; <;&o-chehr&; ba^- 
Ball frog, n. Amerika ka bara menduk. 
Boll-hide, n. khal ; gaukha. 
BoUion, n. chiiidi ja sorie ka d il&, jK iut. 
Bollock, n. bail ; balad. 

bullock cart or tfain^ bail-jrail; kiriaclil. [viti. 
bullock-driver, ha\d'\y^; bakii; bail-viu; girl- 
Bollock'a eye, n. gao-( Ida. 
Ball's eye, n. 1. (Naut.) paTya. 2. (Arch,) rau- 
shancian ; baiza ; mokhii ; bQi&kh. 

3. (Gunnery) chand ; nishan ; gnlzati. 

4. a 2'oliceman*e lantern, sipahi kl liltain. 
BoUy, n. dangai; larak&; akar-baz; kbau; 

ainthe khaii ; aiuthe-siiigh. 

It is 8o ridiculous, but so true withal, 

A huUy cannot sleep without a bmwl. 

Yek sack kai, agarckek kantl ki kai bdt, 

Ki jkagrdlu bin jkajre tore na rdt. F. C. 

Bolly, V. a. dhamkaiia; ghiirakna; dbamki 

dikhana; dabana; istirieu charitatia. 
Bollying, n. dhamki; ghurki; gurtissh. 
Bolrosii, n. bara nagar-rootba ; ba^a moth&. 
Bolwark, n. fH. bahdn strong.] 

1. bastiony fafcil ; shahr-panah ; char-dlvW. 

2, fortification, qila ; kot; garb. 
Bom, n. chQtar; suriii. 

Bom-bailiff, n. nayab-uazir. \\k\ makkbi. 

Bomblebee, n. [H. bhauhrd] bhauurii; shahad 
Bomboat, n. kuiijre ki kisbti. [sadmi. 

Bomp, 11. [W. dJiokkd,] 1. blow, takkar; dhakki; 
2. protuberance, ganth ; gola ; gamril ; iinM. 

Bomp, T. a. takrftni; bhtpii; jatoft. 

Bamper, n. fk. bhard fall] 1. agUmfmlL, lab- 

rez; Iab&hib-piy&l& ; jitn-t-labrea ; mfkfthft- 

mOnh k itori. 2. a buMfier house, ek kbalqat ; 

ba^ Idiiil; admtoa se bharft hiii ghar ; amboh. 
Bompkin, u. ganvir; gai&Teli; ganvlr ki lath; 

ghftmar; baurO; dbaggi; bail ; gadbi. 
BiUBptioos, adj. khud-biu; abhimini; ahaa- 

ki I f ; khud-pasand. [khiicf ; ahank&r. 

Bomptioosness, n. kbud-biiJ; khudpAaatidl; 
Ban, D. chbuti mithi rotl; chholl mlUif tikvK. 
Boneh, ti. [H. guehehkd; P. khosha] guobobhi; 

gupphi ; hatta (of ilantains) ; turrah. 

Banek of flowers. Pk^k hd guckchkd ; gul-da^^ 
bwich of greens, gaddl. 
Bondle, d. [H. 6lfii/A. S. blndan. H. bdMknd 

to biudj gatli(I; mutbri; potil; palanda; 

biiqcha; basta; (Cor,) baudal. 
bundle of eow-pats, ebb 01 ; hel ; kh&s. 
bundle of grass, gh&s ki gat^bi, gathri, bojhi, 

bharoti, y& liuL 
bundle of papers, ki.;asoi& ki mutthi, yi gaddl 
Bondle, v. a. ga^hfi muthil blMIn i;.biii«ihi 

bOiidLI k. [ga^* yi lata patti utbi.ii. 

bundle out, badhni bor}*i bindliiii ; angnf kbiA* 
Bonk, Q. baithne yi sone ki takbta. 
Bong, n. gatti ; dlt. 
Bong, y, a. gatti yi dit lagini ; band k. 
Bongalow, n. bangli ; kothf ; ghar. 
Bang dole, u. pipe k\ cbhed, sOtikh, yimfbUi 

jis men se shaiib bharte haiu. 
Bangle, v. a. [H. 6 c/tibd crooked] bigirni; kharib 

yi uikirl k. ; angliar-pane se k. ; nikammik 
Bangle, u. kacbcbi kim ; chOk ; khali. 
Bongler, n. atiiri; pbQa^ ; kam-bigarO. 
Bonion, n. [Kr. bignf, H. sH/an a swelling 

(b = s)] gokhra ; gatt'i ; dll. 
Booting, n. birik 0:>ikapr'v jis se jahiz ke 

jhande yi pharaire bante baiu. 
Booy, n. [H. Widow, float, btikdhd bound] 

langar yi knrilre li^ nishiu ; latigar-numi; 

piiil {lar tairiic-\ala ui8bati ; boyi; tareri. 
Booy, V. UL tair?ua; bahiiii. 
Booy op, ji, man, ya hiinmat bambini. 

Kisiii]^ merit will baoy up at last. Pops, 

Parktil gun tire par tire. 

Booyaocy, n. I. uthlil; halki pan. 

2. (of spirits) ziuda-dil; khush-tabal. 
Booyant, adj. I. halka; subuk. 2. {spirtis) 
zinda-dil; khush-taba. [load, 8kr. 6Artbear.] 
Borden, n. [A. S. beran. Per. bar, H. bhdr 

1. I'Xid, bojh; bojhi; bliir; bir; lad; lidl. 
No one knows the weight of another's burden, 
Kaunjane dUsre kd bojk bhdr ? 

2. (of vessels) bbarat. 

A ship of great bunUi, Bare bharat ldj<ikds, 

3. ani/ thing grievous, gale ki bar ; pion 

klbori; patthar; pahif. 

Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone, 

To all iny friend.'* a burden grown. Sw\ft, 

Akeldy bahr>i, heckdr^, subuksar. 

Hud bdr-igardh sab dotkok par. F. C. 




6f dhtiff, antii; tek; adth&t. 

At eTerr cidse sbe made, the attending throng 
Replied and bore the burdeiA of the song. Dryden, 
Wok jab thdp deU to iah idth ke . 
Mil asthdl §dtt barha apnl lai. F. C. [dSvft. 

of proofs (Lo^fc) bkr-i-subiit ; dalil-i- 
btrden df, bhar!, nagawir, j& ajirail 

m h. ; garaii ^uzarni. 

^ v. a. bcjh daliia; zer-bar k. [ajtran. 

S91II6, adj. kara; sakht; ddbar ; garaii ; 

fltmieneas, n. garaui; bar; sakht L 

, n; 1. likhue kt mez. 

an offlUy daftar ; daftar-khaaa. puima. 

il deparlmnii of GoverhMent, sarkarl mah- 

dracy, n. daftar-\i&lon ki hukQinat. 

i, Burgher, n. [M. H. G. hurc, A. hnrj. H. 
fort,] 1. aVt3€n, shahit; shaharv&t&. 

1 rfpres^mtafii^e of a borough, rali ; zl-ikh- 

; kumaiti-vali. 

Borough, n. qasba jis ke bashindofi ko 

ment men mimbar bbejue 1» ikhtiyar 


Ti n. iiaqab-Kac; kOnbbal dene-vala; 

7, n. kuubhal dL ; uaqab-zani ; seudh 

.r lagHiia. [ka sar-pauch. 

laster, n. qasbeb ki roajistrait; shabr 

n. [A. S. byrgin^ fl. gdrn& to bury] 

i ; gor-garba ; dafiiauft ; tajbiz o takftu ; 

-dafan ; mittt dena. [turbah ; madfan. 

ptaee. Or ground, goristao; qabrist&a; 

ervice, jauaze ki namUz. 

. a. cbbupana ; daba rakhna; 

ae, n. tbatta ; kbilli ; tamaskhun 

ae, y. a. haiisi ki naql k 

idj. [H. hhard full, Irish borra a knob, 

hrd swollen] bharl; mush^andii; th&4^) 

: : saud : taluit : hatta katta. 

. a. [A. S« by man, P. birydn H. bamd 

] bariii ; j&laua ; phunkna ; ig dena ja 

a; dajrna; pakinii [Dindlvaiih. 

V bum dajrlight. Prov. Din dhauU diya bdlnd. 
?« m the candle at both ends. Prov. [hands)* 
"yono kathoh s€ lutdnd. (To squander with both 
'his tyrant fever burns me Up. 
r zcUim bukhdr ne to mujke 6AAn diyd. 

fricksy pakkl int. 

€ dead) dUhna ; dag deni ; d&h karilin 
lunkua; jalana; dah-krijll k.; dUgd; 
, jaU-kar khak kar den!L. 
n. balnft ; jaluH ; dahnU ; ag lagua. 
timt child drawls the fire. Prov. 

\d jald chhSch phuhk phiLnk pUd kai. Prov. 
calded with hot milk blows before he drinks). 
a Hindoo widotc, sati h. 

^9finjersin another* s pan, du^re ki auch 
aloa ; aurou ke jhagre men parna. 
'. jal bujhn&. [mastaua. 

A lust, balbalana; jbal ja chul uthua; 
n. dija; dipak; chirsLg; ]§li. 
;, adj.jalta; bhunta; tez. [huemaiddn- 
le burning pbina of India, mndnttam k^ jalt€' 
cofi/, jalta-hua koell; augara. 
gl^t, marghat; roiaF4-^a(ti; masan; 

bumtftg mountain, juali mukhi ; koh-i*atiah-khez; 
BnnuAg glass, n; Utahi-sbi^ha. 

Biurouii, V. a. chamklua ; jil& k; ; tijalna; 
]^ow the village windows blaze, 
JSuruithfd by the setting sun. Cunningh. 

Ab ck4niiaHi kai^ gdoii hi khitki, 
Eimek idraj hi dabti parti, * [bhat 

]AlirroW| n. ^H. bitd.]l. Idle, bil; bil&; ebbed; 
^o liVe in b^n'ow. Bhdt men rahud. 
2.h^ap, dher; todab. 
Bnrtow, ▼. n. 1. bil khodna yi banani. 

2; hide itself, bil ya bhat met! rakhni. 
b^irrow Wider ground, bhnt ya bil khodua. 
Butiar, n. \.of a cdltege, mad rase ka khazancbl. 

2. sctiotatship'holder, vazifd-kbuar. 
Butit) v.u. [H. phat] 1. break, ttitna; phatnS; 
phutua; dhatakhua; tarakhua; khilu&j sbaq h. 
No, no. my heart will btiittan if I speak. [Shak. 
And I will speak that so my heart may borst. 
Jo kholuh zfihdh hojigarpfitkpdih, 
Magar kholUL Afin, ki ho Jag ka4A / F. C. 

S. spring, phut nikalna ; nikal pafnii 

He burst into tears. Woh phut-kar ro payd. 
hursi xoiih taughUr, mftre bunsi ke lotn^ ya pet 
phdlua \ qabqah& m&rua,yalagaQ&.[chatkhauiL 
Burjt, V. a. pho^na; phaipna; tofuaj tarkaiia; 
Burst, Hi ka^'ak; chatakh. 
Bury, r. a. [H. g&r] 1. intet, ^rua; mittl dena; 
dafau k. ; dafbana ; mad^Q k. 

I^Uve, thou hast slain ine I 

If thou wilt ever thrive, bury my body. SKak, 

Jityd qatl ta ne mujke^ dS gmami ^ 

T& kar dafn mvjh kojo ko terd kdm. F. C. 

2; cover up, topna ; daba dena ; chhupana. 
I will bury my giief in a bowl of wine. 
Jdm-i'tkardb men main duboungqi ranj iso, 

burp one's seif alive, jirH gar jana ; samadb lena ; 
samE lb men baithna. [milap k. 

bury the hatchet, hatliyir rakh d*; sulah k. ; 
bury the old dead, kbak dalo; ga;>e m'urde na 
iikbero; daba do. [jhnnd. 

Bnsh, n. [H. j^ar.] 1. thicket^ jhari; jhanklr; 
2. bou^K jhar ; jhari. 
Qood wine needs no bush, 
(Miishk dn ast ki khud bot/ad, na ki attdr goyad. 
Musk scents itself, not what the f^rfumer 
makes it out). 

BtLshel, n. battis ser ka paimana; 

His reasons are as two grains of wheat hid in 
two hikshels of chaff. Shak. [ddne gehdh ke. 

Vski.dalUeh ai»i haihjaisedo tokre bllise men do 

Bush-fighting, n. j bar-khan d kl laral. 

Bushy, adj. /tt// of bushes, jbar-dar; jhaii-dar; 


£ushy tail. Giippheddr ditin. 

Busily, adv. tan-debi se ; mehnat se. 
Busiaess, n. [H. bos dwell.] 1. employment, 
kam; kaj; uddam; shtigal. 

Business i« the salt of life. Prov. 

SkM^l zindagi kijdH hai, 
( Khdli St hegar bhali. Kaiber be pressed than idle.) 
2. iransaett4in, kam kaj ; kar o bar ; beohar ; 
muamla; dado si tad. 

Pusiness neglected is business lost. Prov. [red. 
Kdm bisra, kdi/^ W#r^. Work forgotten, work mar- 




8. (mercantile) k&r beoh&r ; saud&garl. 

4. office, dbandi ; pesha ; kasab ; rozg&r. 
Mind ooe*t own huiineu. Apne k^m §e hdm ridti^. 

5. duty, farz; dbaram; chikd; kbidmat. 

6. matter in qitestion, amr mutan&zefth; b&t ; 
amr-i-tas6 ja-talab ; maqsad; matlab; k&m. 

What is your butineu f Kyd. Hm hai f [kftm. 
biuineet of importancey zurQtl k&m; bar& bh&il 
carry on a busineesy sarauj&m, baud o bast, y& 

k&r o b&r k. ; k&m chal&n&; k&r-bariLiI k. 
eurrerU bueineeSy cbalt& k&m ; k&r o b&r roz- 

marra ; rozmarra k& k&m. 
despatch of bueineas, k&r-giu& I ; k&m obal&Q&, 

nik&ln&y y& bhugt&n& ; bhugt&u. [q&. 

do one's business, 1. thik&ne la^ii&; k&m bivll^- 

2. h&jat rafil k.; zurOrat nik&lQ&; k&m karQ&. 

drive a business, k&m cbal&ii&. 

extensive business, ba;il k&r-kb&aa ; pbai1&-bu& 

k&m; bh&rl ^r o b&r. [lab rakbD&. 

have business with onSy kisi se Bar o K&r y& mat- 
hnowledge of businesi, tajruba-k&rl ; k&r-d&nl; 

mu&mla-d&iil. [dak&u. 

losing business, gb&te y& tote k& k&m ; mandl- 
man of business, blmi ; k&rb&rl ; k&r-d&ii ; muam- 

la-d&n; beoh&rI-&dmI. 
place of business, kothi ; daftar ; k&r-kh&na. 
thriving business, obaltl dak&n; bafht&-ldlr; 

cbalt& pesba. 
BoBiness-like, adj. kb&sa; acbobb&; kbtlb. 
Basldn, n. gurg&bl jQtl; ui^ohi eri 1^ jat&. 
Buss, n. [0. Eti$;. basse, H. babbl, Per. bosah] 

babbi; chtlm&; bosab; mitthi; macbobhi. 
Bass, V. a. obam& leQ& ; baby&n& ; bosa leQ& ; 

babbl lena. 

Kissiag and buuing differ both in this, [Rerrid, 
We busi our wantons, but our wives we kiss. 
Babbi chUne men itnd bcU haigd, 
Babbi randi ki, chUmd bivi kd. F. C. 

Bust, n. apar ka dhar ; gat ; baiza. 
Bustard, u. tukdar. 

Bustle, n. khalbali; bai^'barf; daur-dbUp; tag 
o dau ; daw&-dawiBb ; taga-pii ; obalat-phirat ; 
cbahl pahl; raul-cbaul; bal cbal; bbi;'- 
bh&r I dhQm dharakka. 

The bustle of preparation. Talydri hi ghabrdhat. 
BU3tl9, V. n. daui^'dhUp b., ya maohua; khal- 
bali parii& ; dhUm dham h. ; raulcbaul h. 
Busy, adj. [A. S. biseg, byseg, H. bas dwell.] 
l.masrQf; masbgUl ; k&Qi men; dhaude 
men laga-hua ; kam-ka. 

He is busy. Woh hdm meh lagd hud hai. [v. 8. 
To-morrow is a bu$y day. Shak, Richard III, 
Kal kdm kd din hai. 
Busy as a bee. Makkhl»d matrQf, 

2. active, cbalak aur mebnatL 

3. officious meddling, fuzUl-khidmat, y& kam 
karne-vala ; dakhl-andaz ; kbushamadi; har- 
degl chamoha ; bar kam men tang a^ne-vala. 

Busy folks are always meddling. Prov. 

Fazul kdm karne-vdld sadd pdoh ardtd phirtd hai. 

the busiest part of a city or town, cbauk ; mandi ; 

bara baz&r; gudn. 
Busy, V. a. k&m men lag&n& ; masrUf rakbn&. 

be busy, Idlm roeA Iagn&; masrftf rabnl; 

mashgtUh. ; masrUfh. 
Busybody, n. p&xio af&ne-v&l&;dakhl dene-v&UL 

Busybodie$ never want a bad day. Pro?. 

Pdho ardne-vdU ko tab din achehhs, 
I But| oonj. [Skr. paranid, A. 5a/.] 

1. except, lekin ; magar ; par ; mul ; pftnint ; 
amm& ; ill& ; vale ; valekin. 

BiU me no butsl Agar magar mat hsrof 

2. except that, m& sivE iske ; aur ; al&va ; 
yarna. 3, on the other hand, bar-kbiiftf iske ; 
balke ; bar-aks iske. 

When pride oometh then oometh shame, but 
with the lowly is wisdom. OuH^r ke sdih to 
sUlat dtl hai, parfarotani ke tdlhddndL 
4. Otherwise than that, ba-juz ; 8iv&. 
but thai, ke ; jo ; magar yeh ki. [kar ; ohbut 
But, adv. 8iY&; ba-juz; kb&II; sirf; juz; obhof- 
Bom but to die. Mame hi ko pitidd huS haiL 
{Paidd hud hai, $o nd-paid bo. Prov.) 
But one egg and that addled. Prov. 

Bk an^ w>h bhi gandd. Prof* 

Buteher, n. [H. baddhak, bok, 0. F. boe, goai] 
badhik; qasa&b; qas&f; (Contempt.) qeLsMaifil 
buralyft, bUcba^, rabba^. 

The buteher looked for his knife when he had 
it in his mouth. Prov. QaeM^i^ehkmi 
aur ehhurl uake mMh meh, 
{pod meh lafkd ehahar meh dhah^ord, Prov. 
The child in the arms and the towu-crier oriet 
lost child.) 

Butcher, v. a. 1. zibab y& bal&l k. 2. khtta k.; 

hatn& ; badh k. ; gardan ra&m&. 
Butcherboy, n. qas&I k& Iark& ; qati&o|&. 
Butcher's block, n. qasal k& kund&. 
Butcher's meat, n. gosht; qaliya; s&lati. 
Butcher's shop, n. qas&I kl dQk&ii. 
Butchery, n. 1. qasa!-pau. 2. (Met) qas&I-pan; 

qatl ; kbUn ; khuD-khar&ba. 
Butler, n. [H. bkanddrl] kL&u-8&m&n; bhan- 

dill; rak&b-dar; (Cor,) butrail. 

Butt, n. I, a cask, (>!p&. 2. object of ridicule, 

dalb&; kbi]aun&; goe-mahfil ; kutt&; ohilchilo. 
He was the butt of the company. 
Sdrl majlit ne use dalbd band liyd. 

Butt, u. 1. Hiick end of a musket, kunda. 

2. object of aim, nish&na; hadaf; ch&i^d. 
Butt, y. siiigofi se takkar m&rn&; sli^g m&ru&; 

dhun m&ru&. 
Butter, n. 1 . oily part of milk, makkban ; mas^ ; 
nonighl; ghi; raugan-i-zard. 

Batter's once a year in the cow's horn. Prov. 
Sal meh ek bdr gdi ke sihgh meh ghi hotd hai 
Butter is gold in the morning, silver at noon, 
and lead at night. Prov. [ko siss. 

Makkhan tarke sond, do pahar ko chdhdi, rdt 
{Luqmai'Sabdhl, beh az murg o mdhl. P. Prov.) 

2. substance resembling butter, gLI ; raugan ; 
makkhan-fii cblz. [la^ul 

Butter, V. a. chuparn&; chikii&i y& makkhan 
His bread is buttered on both sides. Prov. 
Chuprl, aur do do/ Prov. 

Buttercup, n. I. makkhan-d&n. 

2. (thefloioer,) ek chbota pn& py&la 8& phQl. 
Butterfly, n. titil; titii; parv&na; far&sb. 




ttnfBitlki n» ohhich ; chU ; matthl ; maherf ; 
[>iloji-huft vA makkhan nikla dfldh. 
ItenroBUuCn. makkhan-valf;dahi-w&lI;gtljrL 
tteiy, adj. gblsa; raugul; ghi-&la; ghiv&l; 
^ht-dir; mfd^hnl. [khina. 

tteiy, u» {pcmtry) bhandir ; bhandar&; modi- 
ttodc, D. [Fr. bot end,' U. pMhd] cbtltar; 
mriu; puttlul; pura. [Skah 

It k like a barber's chnt that fite all hUtoekt. 

Nii§ H H tfrti kar kdkA kg kdtk, ProT. 

(Like a barber's glass in every hand.) [ghimdi. 

Mob, n. 1. taichy (Cor.) ba^an, botin^; 

I doDt ears a button. Maim. Use paihm hardbar 
nakik tcoM^ktd. (1 dout regard him as my 
pubet.) [pakaptd. 

To hold one by the button, KtH M giribdii 
l^knoby l*ttfl; gola. 
Iton, y. a. ghun^ yt batan ]ag&D&. 
ttonholey n. k&j ; ghar ; halqa. 
n. pushta. 

y. a. pasbta bantnt y& l^dhi^. 
womf adj. cbancbal ; acbpal ; obapaL 
f, y. a [A. & byr^an, H. biidnd^ A. bag] 
mol lent; kharidni; biaftuft. 

Buy at a msrket) but sell at home I Pror. 

B4l men to, gkar mtk heeko/ 
f and seflj len-deii y& kharld-fkrokht k. ; 
anitiinala k« ; becht khochi k. ; bae shriLi k. 
fim^ and uUing^ leii'^den; bechi-khoohl; 
kharid-farokht; banaj; beopftr. 

Buffing and selling is winning and losing. Pror. 
Ltm-dtu mm lahk awr Adn» Prov. 

f fif or out, y. n. mol le-ke alag k ; tor leni. 
^on^ecfti^, udbarkharidut ; dikhparkhartdn&. 
jeTf n. gibak; kharidir; liyaiyi; mol leoe- 
fU; mushtari 

Bugen want an hundred eyesi sellers none. ProT. 
Oikakio imu dkkktk, ckdkijfeh dukdn-ddrko ek 
hkl nakik, 

0) y. n. [H. bhin] bbin bhioHDt ; bhinakni ; 
bhin bbin k. 

Biy y. a. phuspbusUnt ; k&u&-phtl&8t k. ; 
kfausar-phusar k. [mei^ phQAknlL. 

t tW one*9 ear, kin khint ; kin bham& ; kan- 
l, XL bhiubhiuihat ; gOnj. 
n. shikra. [phu<>t karne-T&lt. 

Tf 11. pbusphnsiyi; kan-phukkE; kani 
, ady. [A. S. be, Per. ba.] 1. near, pis; nai- 
lik; qaifb; nibit; nere; dbore; tak. 

Stand by. Pit kkard kond. 

2. in one*$ fresence, age ; dmne ; robrCi. 
There was no other person by, 
KoH amr ddmU aSmne na tkd. [thahar-kar. 

amd by, phir kabfal; thoif der men; phir; 
I shall catch him by and 6y. Pror. 

PJktr fo6iU u$e pakri^gd* 

nMgkt, rit ko ; shab ke waqi. 
thai time, tab tak; us waqt tak. 
wkai time, kab tak; kis waqt tas. 
» pnp- [A. S. 5e, 6t ; P. bo."] 

l.nearto, pis; qarlb;iiikat; iief«; dhig; 
dhore; kaoe; muttasi). \baiiknd. 

To sit fty the side of . Pd» baU\n&\ pakUk mok 
To kesp by. Pd» yd nmadtit rmkmd* 



i.iktougk or fmVAimeA; se; ba-yasTle; 
inirftit ; kiran se ; duire ; ba-sabab ; ba-l^is ; 
ba-yajeh. [prov. 

By other's faults wise men eorfeet their own. 
Budk jan H yek kaigi »6r, 
Anhar kkot h karek «aAiMFr» 
By doing nothing we leam to do ilL Prov. 
fkdli bailke utpdt tifjhe. Prov. 

They judge of the future by the patt. 
Piekkh bdtok mdytkdkdl darydift karU kain. 
i,by means of, ba-yasile; se; ba-zarije; 
rlhse; teryese; mirfat; hith. 

8end it &y a coolie ! Kuli ke kdtk 6A9 do I 
^•per, it; plohhe; par; sire. 

5. according to, ba-mfijib ; muifiq ; anosir ; 
as-rOS; basb. 

By law» ^t-HUr qdnibi, [jtUiib ; ai-jlnib. 

6. from the part of, taraf se ; or se ; min- 
By the father's side. Bdp H tam^ se. 

7. di, on, in, par; meia; se; ba. 
By rail. Bd mek. 

8. (measure), ba-miqdir; bhar. 
Too big by hall feifrkd. 

^^(AritK.) Be; par; bate-hue. 

Four divided by two. Ckdr bate do. [Ion. 

10. not later than^ tak; talak; tim; to{!; lag; 

by all means, by all manner €ff means, bar tarah 

yi taur se. [achanak. 

by chance, ittiftqan; ittiflq se; kadichit; 
by digress and sale, ba-sariye qur^ aur nilim, 
byJUs and starts, yak&yafc; kadEchit ; mauj se. 
by gift, az-rQe hiba. G. G. 
by God, Khudi k! qasam ; Ram kl sQA; Vallah. 
6jf A«ar<, nok-zabin ; hifz; as-bar; kao^h. 

To leam by heart. KanUi h [kar-ke. 

by hook or by crook, khench t&n-ke ; jon ton 
by land, khushk! se ; khushkt k! lib se. 
by marriage, iidayaj ke sariye se, G. G.; nikih 

se; bivah se. 
by means of, ba-yasile ; duire ; ba-yidtat. 
by myriads, Iftkhon ; lakhflkbi ; karoron. 
by night and day, r&t din ; shab o roz. 
by no meant, bargiz nabin; kisi tarah nahi&. 
by one*s self, akeli; tan-i-tanh|; ba-z&t-i-khis. 
by post, d&k me& ; ba-zariye yi ba-sabll-i-^Lk. 
by, hard by, close by, lagbbag; p&s bL 
by reason of, is yajah se ; is sabab se. 
by such a day, us roz tak; us din lag. 
2y suit, ba-zariye nalish. 
6y the law qf India^ qinUn-i-Hind ke mutibiq. 
by the prophet, nabi ki qasam ; nabi k! sUft. 
by the way, aur yeh ki ; aur dekho to ; suno to. 
^ this act, ba-mCijib eloit hiz& ke. 
by virtue of, ba-etil^; ba-haisijrat 
by warrant, iud-ul-ijrae wirant. 
by water, tail yi p&ni ki rah se. [dosti mefi. 
by way of friendship, az lah-i-ikhlis y% dosti ; 
by your bounty, ip ^ ba-daulat ; ip ke iqUll yi 

iniyat se ; ip ki dayi se. 
come by, miloi ; hisil h. ; hith ani. 
day by day, to% ba-roz ; din ba-din. 
one by one, ek ek; fardan fardao. [sau^^. 

year by year, sil ba sil ; siliua ; bar tSA ; bar- | 



Bj and-bye, adv. kuch der meu; tliair-ke ; ajkal 

I will oom« by and bye, 7%ori der men dungd. [hat. 

li^-and-bye U easily shM. Prov. Pkir hah den<i Airtu 
By-bidder, n. bolf barhinc-v&la. 
By aegTdea, adv. i-afUi-rafta^ hote-hoto; datjah 

ba-darjah; ba-tadiij. ^^giipt-artlu 

9y-€Ad, By- view, n. poMbl iahy&k1i!LugI inatlab ; 
By-gOA% a(lj. gaj&giizra; ga}i; gayi-Uta; 

raft-guzasht ; guzaiihta. 
By-gones, n. guzii biii vard&t y& bit. 

Let by-gonet be by-gone*. J/nA to hud. Prov, 

{Onzashta rd mlvdt. P. Prov.) 

By-lane, By-path, By-Toad, By-walk, By-way, n. 

Ilk; pngdandi; baliya; cbor-rasta. 
Bylaw, n. q&edui-makbsQH. G, G. 
By-play, u. Buaiig men 
Byre, u. batlian ; |:ac iistban ; go-s&la. 
By-8tander, ii. pas kakba^bone-v&l&; dekhne- 

vaia; tani&shui. [iiakkfl. 

Byword, n. zarb-ul-masal ; zabau-zad; uddQ; 
to h come a byword, imkk& h. ; zarb-ul-xuasl 

bamia: uddu li. 


Cab, Cabriolet, n. ok giiore Id ba<rj!l ; ikk& baggl. 
Cab-driver, Cab-man, u. baggi b&nkno-vala. 
Cab-stand, n. ba^'<^f ya garl ka ndd&. [bant. 
Cabal, n. Bazisb ; baiidisb ; at-sat ; gusbtl ; sUnt- 
Cabal, v. n. sllzihb k, ; at sat k. 
Cabalistic, adj. fj;u|)t; chbu|>l; posbidah. 
Cabaret, n. maekliana; sbarab-kh'ma; kalil- 

klriiia: bhattl. 
Cabbage, n. I. a plants karam kallS. 
2. chipj'injs, katran ; chhiintan. 
caJl)hage worm, jhanjba ; goblii ka kii*i. [byontk. 
Cabbage, v. a. qatn karnc men chuiiua; katar 
Cabbage-roae, n. karatn kalla. 
Cabin, n. [O. Eng. caban, A.kiihH, H. kothfi,] 

1 . cotta^ff jUopni ; kutT ; chbappar. [kbana. 

2. stnail room, kotbii; hujia; bazirah; 

3. (^hlut.) dabusa; kotbri. 

Cabin, v. n. kutl, kotbri, y& Imjre meA rabni. 
Cabin, v. a. k ►thri ii»en band, ya qaid k. 
Cabin-boy, n. jalmzi tahlva. [kamra. 

Cabinet, n. i. c/osH, kotliri; linjra; cbhoti 

2. pnvate hox, clib<»tf alnmii; sanduqcba. 

3. (for vaiuM^-^) hAki; cbiiubachcba. 

4. (/(fr c(4isKlfatioii8) ulvAu-Mi^"^; kbilvat- 
khaiia. T). miiiutri/, ina^ 

cahinet of ijlasswure, slilibo-bartiu ki iluk'iu. 
Cabinet-council, n. maAbiron ki kalln^>al. 
Cabinot-maker, n. barbaT; inistrT. 
Cab'not-miaister, n. niasblr-i-kannsal. 
Cable, n. ,,aliaz ka rassfl ya /.anjir; labas. 
pay out, weer <nU, or tilip the vahlcy 
laliaji dliiil k. ; rassa cliboriia. 
neroe the caUes, labas bjlndhna. 
Cabooje, n. jabaz ka bavarcln-kbaiia. 



d&ut pliarna, ja bana. 
Cackle, n. 1. (a A«n*«) q& qa ; kut kut; knr kof, 
2, idle talh, bar bar; bak i»ak; ga|>8hap; 
bakvls. [b&n. 

Cacoethei, n. kharib &dat, y& kbo; bun lat y& 
Caeoetket Bcrtbendi. Likhne yd inthd-geiri k^ 
chnl; kdgaz thitnd yd tySh k, 

Cacog^aphy, n, bad kbat; galat itnlfl. 
Cacjpboay, n. biiri avaz; kaiih-ul-saut 
Cactus, n. n&g-phani (j^richfy pear). 
Cad, n. kamina; sifla; p^ji; adu&. 
Cadastral, adj. j&ed&d-i-gair manqllla ke mu- 

taalliq; atal-dbanf. 
I Cadaverous, adj. murdar-ea; murd&. 
Cadence, n. utrao ; tal ; sam. 
Cadet, n. [Skr. ktmishia.'] 1, n younger hviker^ 
cbbota bbSI; birftdar-i-khurd; anuj, [karet. 
2,\Mil), taukbu&b-d&r ballamter; (CW!) 
Cafe, n. qabva-kh&na. 

Caftan, n. qafUln;lranIj&ma;kbaft&n. 
Cage,u.[Lat.cavta,A. 9a/a«,H.XAohalk)w.] \^qt 
animaUf pinjra; qafas. 2. prison, qaid-kbaoa; 
qafas. 3, large cage, katabri; pinjiil; katkif. 
Stone walls do not a prison make, 
Kor iron bars a cage. Lov^aet. 

Na pattkar H dlt/ire^ mahbcu karek, 
Na lohe ki fV^hon se pivjre bane'i, F. (X 

1 Cage, v. a, pinjrc men band k. ; qaid k. 
Cairn, n. pat' baron kc dbcrqabar par. 
Caitiff, n baram-zada; paji ; pajaura. 
Caitiff, adj. kamiua; jiaji. 
Cajole, v. a. 1. coajCy pluisllna; kbusbamad k.; 
cbiplilsi k. ; lallo patto k. 2. deceive, dam d,; 
butta d. ; Jul d ; dam jbausa d. 
Cajolery, n. pluislabat ; lallo-patto ; dam-jbansa. 
Cajaput, n. kayapatti tel. 
Cak3, u. [Gcr. luo:he,from Lat. coquere,l{.pal'dnd, 
♦Skr. ;>ac// to cook] l.dotijhbak2d,n)\i; kak. 
There in no cake but there id the like of tUu 
same make. Prov. 

Ilai h'lr *ft<i^ kd dnnyn men tdnl surQr. 
{£k tare ki r(tti, ktfii chha€i kyd motif Prov.) 
2. ijldt) cbajiati; tikiya; subal. 
cake an! wine, sbarab o kabab ; gazak ; nSsh- 
tab ; cbakkba cbukklit; munb bitalua; zi^a 
fat ; jal pan ; balwa purl. 
a c<i\'e of soap, saban ki likiya. 
Cake, V. n. papriyaiiS; papri jamna; paprlni. 
Calabash, n. Wiappar; tonba; tonbi. [kam-b.ikht. 
Calaaiitou3, adj. afat ya muslbat-ka; biptaka; 
Calamity, n. [Lit. ca'amitjs loss, from cala- 
mus reed, A. qafam. Per. ktlk, H. kilam 
reed, more probably kfdCi mirt black death] 
bipat; nuisil)at; afat; bala; bbir; sankat. 
Ci/<i'/<tV// ii the tonchHtoueof a brave luiud. Prov. 
liipffi 5'2r b'lr ki kasaiiti k d. 

cahtmitji 6'/ (llvlnt permission, afat, qabr, y» 
l);ilae asuiaui; afat-i-samavi. 
/ Calcareouj, adj. cbune-kl ; cbunila. 




aldaation, n. ras&yan ka banana ; phdukna. 
ildne, V. a. kushtah k., ya banana ; phuukui ; 
mima; ra^yan banana. 
lldniBd, adj. kttshta;phiika-hu&. 
ddum, u. cbana. 

ilenlable^ adj. ganit-jog; jo gin! j& sake; 
ginti ke layaq ; shumar karne kc qabil. 
U€lllate,v.a. [Lat. calculus, H. kankur a pebble] 
l.giutlk ; giuna; jorna; phailana ; bisab la- 
giiia ; sbumar k. [andaza, ja atkal k. ; ktltna.. 
2. fslimaie, bicharua ; ankna; jauchna; 

To ciUculate » nativity. Jaruim-poUn dekkiid. 
lleolatioil, n. ginti; hisab ; sbumar ; pailavat. 

By what calculation ? KU kisSb st f [be-ginti. 
yond catculaiion, ahumar, ya liisab se bahar ; 
\Mgh ecUtidaiian, atkal; andaza; takbmina; 
k&t; takdama. [muh^sib. 

iknlator, tu ankwalya ; bi83,b la^ne-vala ; 
llflaloas, adj. patbr!la;kaukrila. 
ligulniy n. 1. (Surg.) pathri; sang-i-masana ; 
sangreza. 2. {Math.) gabil ginti. 
lldron, n [Lat. caldaria, H. karh&pdf Lat. 
calduSf H. kdrhnd boil] deg; handa ; karhaya. 
ilafiictioiLi n. garmi ; hararat ; josh ; tapisb. 
ieadar, u. jantn ; patra ; taqvlm. 
kndar numthy mab-i-shams! ya taqvimi. 
Undar ofcrimeSy fehrist-i-jaiuim. 
ilnder, t. a. gbotnS ; mohra k. 
lU^ n. [Irish, colpa, Skr. ka/ild brown cow.] 

1 . bacbbia; bacbchha;/^7». bachhiy a. [vaqOf. 

2. dolt, bacbbiya ka bava; bail;gaodi; be- 
If-hindinff, chamre ki jild. 

if of a iuffah, pilra; katra; katiyi. 
1/ of the leg, pindli; saq. 
ilf-lik0y adj. bachbre-jaisa. 
Jflkuiy D. bacbhre ki khal yS chamri. 
JibrOi n. [A. qdlib a mould.] 1. banduq k! nal 
ya mobr! kS ghei-&; tir. [i-dimagi; idr&k. 
2. {Fi<f.) malika; ras&i; pabunoh ; quvyat- 
ilico, n. chhmt; (Cor,) dares. [cbbapera. 

ilico-printeT} u. chhipl; cbhaperi; obhiiit- 
Jioo-pTiatillg> n. kapre cbbapnS. 
JipeXB, n. kham-dSr y& dbauuki park&r. 
iistlieiiios, u. zanani kasrat. [kah speak.] 
illf v. a. [Lat. ealare to talk, A. qal, H. 

1. namey nam rakbna ; bolna ; kuhnS. 
What do you call it in Peraiau ? 

ImJco J^rn men ky& kakte haiik f 

What do you call it / Uskd hya ndm f [ySd k. 

2. summon, bul2na; bula bhejna ; talab k. ; 
CcUl not a surgeon before you are wounded. 

Prov. Atfd na ghdo, bait bulio t 
(Ne'er a wound, call the surgeoo.) 

3. f proclaim, pukSr-ke kahna; pukarna; 
jnanadi k. ; dhaiidhorS pttna, ya phertia ; 
moshtahar k. 4. (tppoint, muqarrar k. ; mu- 
tafyan k.; talyunat k.; muaiyan k.; stbapau k. 

CalUd to the bar. Kavisli muqarrar hud. 
5. appeal to, farySd k.; dubal dena. 
U aloud for jtistiee, dnh^i d. ; dad&r^ad k.; 
dahai-tehM maoh&n&. 
U away or off, bu^ lenS. 
// badt, nlti yft tapis balana ; lantfina. 

call hy name, nSm le-kar puk&rni. 

call for, mau^na; talab k. 

call for help, madad yasahaeta m&ngnik 

caUfor information, istifbar k*; pucbbna; kaifl- 

yat talab k. ; dai-yaft k. ( jQd k. 

ealifwth, samne k« ; khnra k. ; bazir k. ; mau- 
callin, sametna ; jama k. [tariz h.^ 

call in question^ uzr, etiraz, yS h^jjat k. ; md>- 
call namu, gali d. ; nam dharn&. 
call on God^ Kbuda ka nam lena. 
call on, or upon, mulaqat k. ; milua. [niangna. 
call on, or upon (for payment taqaz& k. ; 
call out, muq&bla chahna ; kham thoknS. [lena. 
call over the naniee, n&m ba-nam pukama ; hSzri 
eaU to account, mubasiba lena; muakbaza k. ; 

bisab mangna, yS talab k. ; bSz-purs k. 
call to arms, kamarbandi ya hatySr-bandi 

karana; musalla-jang k. [ko sakshtk. 

call to heawn. KbudS ko gavSb k. ; Parmesbar 
call to mind, or consider, yad k. ; ohetnS. 
call up, L summon, talab k. ; bul&nE. 

2. awaken, mau yil chit men laua. 
call vpon, 1. invoke, nam lena; mananS. [n& k. 

2. jfiTay to, dua ya ardas maligna ; prarth- 
Gall, n. 1. demand or order, aggya; bukm ; 

irshUd. 2. requisition, bulav& ; nauta ; 
pukar ; av&z ; hank. 

I rose at thy call, but found thee not. Milton. 

Main teri didz pe utf/id, far tujhe na poyd, 

3. divine vocation, hukm-i-ilahl ; daiv-a^gyiL 

4. summons, talbL 5. instrumait to call 
birds, etc, zaiil; sitL 6. visit, mulaqat ; bheut. 

call for cattle, biyo ; abi ahl; diyo. 

call for dogs, to to; to le. 

call for hawks, biya biya ; ao ao. 

call of nature, paekhane k! hajit ya znrflrat; 

paekhana. [o^&i nSm-burda. 

Called, adj. kablaya gay a ; maustim ; musam- 
to he called, kahl&ua ; kahana ; bajua. 
Calligraplier, n. kbush-navis ; khusb-khat. 
CaUigraphy, n. khush-uayisi ; kbush-kbati. 
Calling, n. kam ; dhanda ; pesba ; kasab ; hirfa. 
ancedral calling, pesba-i-abEi ; bSp dada ka 

peshab ya kilr. 
Callosity, n. sakhti ; gntte ; dheth&. 
Galloos, adj. [H. kard, P. karahht hard.] 

1. hard, sakbt; kaia; gatblta. 

2. insensible, sakbt ; kathor. 
become callous, katar honS. 

Calloualy, adv. nirdai-pane se ; nithuc&I se; 

sakhtr, katbortal, ya be-dard! se. 
Callausness, u. 1. hardness, sakhti; kaia-pan. 
2. insensibility, nitburSi ; kathort&I ; sang- 

dill. [leda;gedX. 

Callow, n. [A. S. coin bald] be-bal-o-par; munda; 
Calm, adj. \^ quiet, still, sun-san ; chnpcbap; 

thairabua; khamosb; istbir; thir; khula; 


In a calm sea every one is a pilot. Prov. 

Jhairepdni men har loi khivaiya. 
Now all is calm, nnd fresh .iiict Ktill. Bryant. 
Sohdnd Bwudn ktU sab satna. 

2. composed, thir ; mutmain ; dil-jama. 
Calm, Cahnness, n. 1. sthirtfti; qai^r; qay&ro. 

2. (calm repose) &ram ; i^hat ; sukh. 
ae^Um be/ore a stonn, andhi pahle thir. 
Calm, v. a. see Allay. 

Calmly, adv. fthista; fthista, y& muIftSmat ae. 
Calomel, n. p&re k& kushta. 
Caloric, n. [Lat. ecUor, H. <fe P. garml heat] 

garm! ; harilrat ; m&dda-i-gariu! y&, harirat. 
Calorific, adj. hararat y& garmi paid& kame- 

vala. [h&thi-chioghaf. 

Calthrop, Caltrop, n. gokhrO ; khir-khasak ; 
Calumet, n. qaly&ii ; pechw&u ; farshl-huqqa. 
Calumniate, y. a. [Lat. calumniari, H. hala^] 

ninda k. ; kalank lagana ; bandhDH bindhna. 
Calumniator, n. uindak ; gibat-kame-y&la. 
Calumniatory, Calunmioua, adj. niudak; ka- 

lanki ; limm! ; t-ohmati ; ilz&mi [lim. 

Calumny, n. ninda ; kalank ; tohmat; bdit&n ; 

Be thou as ohatte at ice, as pure as snow, 

Thou sbalt not escape caiumnff, Shak, 

TU ho pdk old H yd miH-i'barf, 

Pa miuhkil hat 4ve na ifat fe kairf. F. C. 

Calve, y. n. bachoha d^ bij&n&. [hul dliAt. 
Calx, n. dhat ka kiiahta ; khSkistar; phuki 
Calyx, n. [Skr. kalikd, H. 1^ a bud] 

(Bot.) pbai k& katora. 
Cambric, n. kamrakh. [Ontni; rilfidnL 

Camel, n. [A. jamo/] Unt ; shutar ; {fern) n&qa; 
eamel'^xMcJlKdy kubr& ; kubjS ; kUza-puaht 
camel-bridlCy nakel ; rauhkr. 
camel-driver^ s&rbaii ; shutar-bSui. 
carnal saddle, unt ki kathL 
camel sheds y sbutar-khaoa. [sawSr. 

one who rides a eamel^ 8andni-saw&r ; 8hutar- 
Cameleon, n. girgat ; hirba ; krikla ; kirlia. 
Camelopard, n. shutar-gfto ; gflopalang. 
Cameo, d. ubharvaii naqsh. 
Camera, n. aks y& uaqsh lene kl takbtl 
Camera lucida, n. ek ala jis raeu sQrat k& aks 

k&gaz par nazar ata hai. 
Camlet, n. tlni-reshml kapr&. 
Camomile, n. b^bQna. 
Camp, n. 1. ground, chhaoni ; par&o ; kampQ. 

2. tents, dera ; khema. 

3. army, saina ; fauj ; lashkar ; askar. 
camp equipage, fai &sh-khaua. 
Camp, v. u. khema khara k. ya d&lna ; parao, 

cbhaom, ya lashkar dalna, 
camp-bed, safii palang. 
eamp-cliair, safrl kursL 
camp-follower, bahir-obun^b. 
Campaign, n. 1. plain, raaid&n ; dasht. 

2. (of an army) jang; larai; muhim; razm; 

karzHr; mark&. 
Campaigner, n. nabard-azm&. 
Camphor, n. [Lat. canfora. At. and Per. kafur, 

Skr. harpHra, H. kap\ir\ kaftlr; kapur. 
camphor candle, shama-i-kaftiri. 
camphor oil, kaftlr ka tel ; raugan-i-kifur. 
Camphorate, y. a. kafur gholna. [kafuramez. 
Camphorate, Camphoraceous, adj. kaftiri; 

Can, n. kalsa ; kupp&. 
oil can, tel Id kuppL 

Can, y. n. [A. S. etmnan, Skr. gnd to know.] 
\,iobe Me, sakui; q&bil ya l&yaq b. ^ 
mumkin h. ; bo sakni. 

Do what you can, Jo ho take $o karo, 
I can do it. Main kar taktd Ada. 

2. ham means, yasili, ya zariya rakbn& ; 

ikhtiyir b. ; baielyat rakhna. 
a» far as I can, adv. bat-ul-yasa y& imk&n ; 

yatha ahakti ; apne par baaate ; jaba& tak 

mujh se bo sakta hai. 
eon do, ikhtiyar ya adbk&r hai ; kam& jiyai yi 

ray& hai ; kar sakni. 
Canaille, n. kamlue ; arzal. [2. a vein, rag. 
Canal, n. [Skr. khan dig.] 1. (for water) nalir* 
eanal department, nahr ka mahkama. 
canal laws, qayftniu mutalliqa nahr. [agihL 
canal rents^ mahsul-uahr; nahr ke pAui kl 
breach of canal laws, barkat khilii qavii^-i- 

Canary, n. ek yalayati gane-yftla parand. 
Cancel, y. a. katua ; qaiam phema ; mitiidL ; 

metna ; utha d. ; tonifi ; ohhekn& ; manaakh 

tansikh, iiskh, ya radd k. [pheml. 

cancel a debt, udbar chhekna ; qarae par qalaM 
cancel an obligation, ebsan mitani. 
Cancellation, n. i. (Law) mansakh! ; tansikh; 

ohhekna ; fiskh. 2. (ilnifA. and Alg,) naaah- 

numa aur bhumar-kuuinde ko katn&, }-a 

ikbtis&r k. ; ikbtisar. [khat-i-sartan. 

Cancer, n. 1. (Ast,) kai-ak ; kekra; sartSn; 

2. disease, sartaii ; kekra; bandar-gbao. 

calms of cancer y (Ast.) kekre ki mandi bava. 

Candelabrum, u. [A. S. omdel, A. qandll a 

candle, Skr. kdnd splendour] 
baithki ka jhar; farsbijhar. 
Candid, adj. [Lut. candidusyyrh'ite] khula; M; 

khara; nis-kapat ; saf-dil; 8af-go; sine-saf; 

Baf-batin ; be-lag lapct. [khiiast*gar. 

Candidate, n. ummedwar; khwah'>n ; t&Iib; 
Candidateship, n. ummedwari; kbu&st-gail. 
Candidly, ady. khula khula; saf slf ; saf&i se; 

safdili 86 ; be-lag lapet. 

Candied, adj. misrl ya qand miia-bua. 

Candle, n. [Lat. camUla, A. S. candd, A. 

^a/tef?/] shama; batti. [HoiBf- «SAal. 

Out weut the eandU^ and we were left dark- 
Chirdg gul ho gay d, aur hamandhere men rah gai* 
How far that little candle throws his beams ; 
So shines a good deed in a naughty world. Shak, 
SHraj ki jot si nekl kaljug meh phailti hai, 

candles of the nighty tare ; qandil-i-shab. 

a wax candle y mom ki batti. 

bum the candle at both endsy din diyal! k. ; 

donon hathou urana ya lutana. 
carriage candlcy gaii ki batti. 
not to be able to hold a candle to, kuchh nisbat 

ua rakhua ; uske age pan! bharna. 
Candle-holder, u. maahalchi. 
Candlelight, n. sanjha-bati; obiriLg batU ki 

waqt ; sanjhauti; shama ki raushui. 

Cuidlefticl^ n« shama-dftn. 
Caadlettnii; n. koi chiz jiski battUlii banil iUt 
Ctadmr, Candour, n. Atil ; s&f-dill ; khariL-pan. 
Caiidj, T. a. [H. gaiidd sugarcane, H. khdnd. 
Per. aud Ar. qand sugar] galefu&; murablis 
pakini; pigoi. 

The frosto that winter brings 

Which candy every green. Drafion. 

Jo jdrd hi did kai pdU ke iahg, 

Ckkifokid kai iobze kt Upar vok qand, F. C. 

Gndjt Caadj-iiigar, u. qand ; misil 
mtet as candy, misri sa ; mlsri ke mase kft. 
Gntyii. I. walking Htci, chharl; jarib; asft; 
litbL tf. sugar-cane, ikh ; CLkh ; gann& ; paiin* 
di ; na^shakar. 3. reed, bed ; l^t. 
Ottiv T. a. bed, ja bet m&nia. 
Onmill, n. kolbCL 
ftnMinsilt, adj. safaidi m&il ; njli. 
CttkllA, n. [Lat. cams, A. kalb a dog.] (Ast.) 

kaiiiiij&; surobula. 
ftmlwilar, adj. mutaalliq-i-sumbula. 
GulliOy adj. kutU sa. 
cmim letter, rarr& ; rak&r ; ri« mobmala. 
teeth, kuchli ; kil&. 

u. tia k& baks ; tin ; kanastar. 
; n. [A. S. cancer, Skr. kark, H. kekfA] 
1. larva, ki|iL 
In the sweetest bud 

The eating canker dwells. 8kak, 

Skirik terfn gml meh kai kirS ekkupd-kuiL 

t. cancer, sart&n ; kekra. ' 
Qnter, v. n. sapiS ; sar j&n&. 
cankering care, chintz gbun. 
CukBrMt, adj. Idjpon ki khayH hu& ; ki^blji. 
Cnkeroua, adj. sarane-vil& ; kirm-kburda. 
Qmiabts, n. (Bot) san k& paudIL 
Gumel-coal, n. kani koifla. 
ftinnllMlli n. idam-kbor ; mardum-kbor ; ma- 

nash-bbakhsbf ; ricbcbbas. 
BnwlTwiliim, n. Sdam-kbori; mardum-kborf. 
Cumon, n. top ; zarb ; rabkala. 
three pieces of cannon, tin zarb top. [goHU 

OumoiL-tMiU, Gaiuon-shot, n. top ka gol&; 
Oumonade, n. topen cbal&n& ; gol-and&z!. 
Cannonade, y. a. topen dftghna, cbboru&, m&r- 
ni, 7& chal&n& ; gole m&ma y& phenkni ; 
gol-and&zi k. ; golon ki baucbhS^^ k., &g bar- 
iAn&. [topcbL 

Gannoneer, Cannonier, n. gol-andaz; tupakchi; 
Gumy, adj. [Skr. gnd to know] sy&ua ; boshj&r. 
Canoe, n. [Skr. khan dig] dongi ; dengi. 
GttMB, n. [A. q&iifln] l»law, qaufln ; iln. 
3. ffoiy Scriptures^ sbara ; sb&str. 

Sacred eanont, PavUr skOttr ; qdnQt^i'pdk, 
S. a dignity, pftdrion k& ek darja. 
Guonie, Ganomeia, adj. 1. according to ^ 
canon, sbarai ; q&natii. 2. regular, ba-qSSda ; 
thik. S. spiritual, dinl ; roazbabL 
Cs Bonienl g, n. p&drion Id yard!. 
Caiunuiation, n. wftliyon men nam cba|^b&nS. 
O wm i tift, y. a. wall samajhni. 
CaaofiiB (Ast.) nfto ; suhail ; agastya. 

Canopy, n. chbatr ; mandap ; chandoyi ; meg- 
dambar; atli-kbamb&. , [zahird&il. 

Cant, n. istil&u ; boli; fipri b&ten; dikhXya; 
Cant, y. n. ban&-kar bolua. 
Cantankerous, adj. k&en l^en kame-yala ; kan- 

k!LlI ; bujjati ; takriUi ; kiiy&u ; jhag^'alu. 
Canteen, n. 1. bartan ya sbarab rakhne k& 

kh&nedar sanduq. 2. place, (Cor,) kantin. 
Canter, n. 1. one who cants, riy&-k&r; makk&r; 

banaotL 2. slow gallop, mitha poija. 
Canthari'des, Cantharig, u. pi. e& qism kl mak- 

khi jis se lep, ja pal&^tar banta bai. 
Canticle, n. Sulemau ka git jk hbajan. [khand. 
Canto, n. [Skr. khand to break] kai&d ; bib ; 
Canton, n. qaum ; firqab. 
Cantonment, n. ohhaonl; sadar ; lasbkar; urdiL 
cantonment magistrate, obb&oni k& h&kim. 
Canty, adj. kbusb ; khusb-o-khurram. [Bums. 
Contented with little, and eanty with mair. 
I Thore tneh rdzi, bakut meh kkusk. 

* CsaiTUS, n! I. hempen doth, kirmicb; yal&e'ti 

tat. 2. sails, p&l ; b&dbin. 
Canyass, n. 1. examination, pariksbi; j&noh ; 
imteb&n ;. azm&isb. 2. solicitation of votes, 
Canyass, y. a. 1. examine, j&ncbn& ; imteb&n | 
lena ; azm&ish k. ; parikhshi k. 
2. discuss, bat k. ; kalam k. 
S. {votes) kiu asami ki darkhist k» 
Canzonet, n. tbumri ; tappi. 
Caoutchouc, n. rabar. ' [kul&b. 

Cap, n. [Lat. caput, Skr. kapcH head] 1. topi; 
If the can fits you are welcome to wear it. 
Agar yea topi dp ke iir par ^kik dve to dpko 

Ckor ki ddrki mtk tinhg. ProT. [beard. 

The thief is betrayed by the straw in hia 
2. cltie/, sardir ; mukbyi. 
Thou art the cap of fools. Skak. 

TA be'Vaqi{fon kd sarddr kai. 

cap of a gun, bandOq ki topi ; patakbi. 

set one's cap cU, kisi ku sbadi men pha£i8&n&. 

cbahna ; sb&dl karne ki khu&hisb k. (aurat 

kl taraf se.). 
to touch one's cjip, salam k. [rakbni. 

Cap, y. a. topi ya top pahnana ;. kulah sir par 
cap verse$, bait-bahsi k. ; bait-bazi k. 
Capability, n. q&bliyat; liyaqat; isted&d; bal; 

zor ; samarth ; sbakti. [istedad-i-arazL 

capability of soil, dharti bal ; zamin ki taqat ; 
Capable, adj. I. having capacity, layaq ; q&bil ; 

jog ; sazavar. 2. susceptible, sabne-jog. 3. m- 

telUgent, hoshy&r ; cbatur ; nipun ; mustaid. 
capable by law of committing an offencCy 

q&nunan jurm karne ke Uyaq. 
he capable, sakna ; mumkin h. 
Capacious, adj. kusb&da; faiilkb; chau|&; 

chakla ; yasia ; Umb& cbaur& ; mokU. 
Capacity, n. 1. power of containing, gu^j&ish ; 

sam&i ; pet ; yasat ; zarf ; jagab. 

2. (of mind) samajh ; qabliyat; istedad ; 
zahn; rasli; pabunch; liyftqat. 






3. condition, charaoter, haisljat. 
in ff judicial copaaVy, bahaisiyatjajiyHhakiml. 
in one*9 official capacity, ba lihaz apne obde j& 

ikhtijar ke. [paim&na. 

msasurc of capacity, mflp ; andaza ; uapanSL ; 
Capita, adv. sar-tSl-pa ; 8ar-&-pa ; sir se p&ou 

tak ; kul ; tamEm. 
Caparison, n. zla-posh ; saz ; jhal. 
Capariion, t. a. jhal dtlna; s&z pabn&nii, 
Caparisoi^ddf adj. saja liQa (ghoiil); Crista 

Cape, n. 1 . headland, tks ; gardan-i-zainiu ; 

antrip; biui-koh. 2. neckpiece, bfirani; gardani, 
Capev, n. [Lat. caper, H. bcdsra a goat] uchhal- 

kad; kad-phaud; khel-kud; kilol; khil&riji&; 

CiVpCT) ^« 13 • ktldna ; uchbalna; pbandoa ; n&ch- 

n&kQdn&; kbeluSL-kOdua ; kudakre m&rn&; 

jast lagana. 

He capert like a fly in a tar box. Prov. [makkkl. 

Voh aiid ndektd Jiai jaiie gur ke mathe men 

Capias, n. giriftari ksl parvana ; hukm-i-giriftan. 

Capillary, adj. [Lat. capillus hair (of the head) 

from kaput, H. capdt head] b&l s^ bUrik y& 


capillar}/ attraction, {Phys.) kashish-i-ittisU \ 

Capillary or simple, (Phpa,) sadi. 
Capital, adj. [Lat. caput, H. kapdt head] 

1 . criminal in the highest degree, kablr ; 
sakht; saugin, 2. chief, bara; maha; azim; al&. 
3. large, bara ; kalaa ; mota. 4. excellent, 
barhka; sireslit ; iimdah ; uttam; afzal. 

Capital letters, Capitals. Bare harf; jail karf. 

capital crime, maha-pap; jurm-i-azim, kabira 

ya sangi:i ; jnrni vajib-ul-qatl. 
capital punishment, phans!; sazae-maut; 

pii*an-dand ; saza(5-qatl. 
Capital, n. 1. (Arck.yiiVin ki choti. 2. (Geog.) 

dar-us-saltauat ; raj -d haul ; dar-ul-khilafa. 
3. stock or money, jama ; maya ; pOiiji ; 

sarmaya ; uitil ; asl ; ras-ul-mal. 
Capitalist, n. punji-wala ; sar-maedar ; maha- 

jan ; sahukar ; kotbi-val ; seth. 
Capitalize, v. n. mal vagaira bech-ke rupaiyo 

rakhna ; naqdl k. ; nipaya khara k. 
Capitally, adv. 1. by capital punishment, jan 

se ; phausi pake. 2. well, khub ; khub taral^ 

se ; bahut achchhi tarali se. 
Capitate, (Bot.) takhta-sa. 
Capitation, n. 1. nmi'^ration J^ A«a</*, mardum- 

shumari; sir-ginti. 2. poll-tax, jaziya ; sir- 
dan d ; pag ; tag. 
Capitulate, v. n. iiaat qnbul karna; hatyar 

dhar dena ; qila de dena. 
CapitulatiDli, n. fiiuj ya qile ka hawalah k. 
Capitolum, (Bot.) takhta; tatti. 
Capon, n. khassi niurga. 

Capons were chickene. Pror. 

Zeroh se sher hole haih, Prov. 

(Larnba grow to lioDf^). [labSda ; ab^ 

Cn^te, D. [S. karpat, H. kaprd cloth] chuga; 

Caprice, Ci^ricio^neas, n, yahm; gumSti; 
aui&dhi mat. [misSj. 

Capricious, adj, yahmi; vasv&sl; talavrnn- 
I Capricorn, n, khat i-jadi ; makar. [hair&. 

I eiilms cf Capricorn, (Ast^) makar k| mandi 
* cnpricornus (Ast.) jadi; makar. 
Capsicum, u, iS^-mirch ; filfil-i-surkh, [palatni. 
Capsize, v. a. ulatna ; auudh&ni ; auudha k. ; 
Capstan, Ci^stern, n. langar kk charkh. 
Capsulate, Capsulate^i adj. chhilke-dar. 
Capsule, u. (Batn) khanah ; ghar ; t&t ; dodi. 
Captain, n. [Lat, caput he&d] I, chief command' 
6r, sipah-salar; senft-patJ. 2, commander of a 
ship, jah&z kaptan, 3. commander of a company 
or troop, (foot) subeh-dar; (fiorse) risai-dir. 
Captious, adj. takrari ; hnjjati ; nukta-chl& ; 

harf-gir ; mutaarriz ; aib-jo ; qaz£ kaiyftu. 
Captiousness, n. nukta-chini; aib-binl; alb- 

jol ; mlu mekh ; bitrana; khurda-glri. 
Captivate, t. a. [L^t. capere, Per. girifian, Skr. 
grah, H. pakar take] moh len& ; moha& ; dil 
le len^ ; farefta k. ; ishiq kar len&. 
Captivating, adj. mohn| ; man-mohan ; dil- 

fareb ; ohit-chor ; dil-ruba ; man-haran. 
(Japtive, n. U prisoner, ash*. 

2. one charmedy asir ; maftUn ; £eurefta *, 
giriftar; mubtila; shaida. 

take captive, giriftar k. ; asIr k. 
Captive, adj. qaidi ; giriftar ; asir. [bandl 

Captivity, n. giriftari ; aslrl ; qaid ; nazar- 
Captor, n. giriftar karne-vala ; pakarne-?&l& ; 

giriftar-kunandab ; {in Comp,) gir. 
Capture, u. 1. giriftari; pakar. 2. prize, lut; 

lut-khasot ; luttas ; yagma ; garat ; gaui- 

mat. 2. {of a town), fateh ; taskhir. 
Capture, v. a. pakarua; giriftar k,; sar k. [veshL 
capture of cattle, dhor pakar ; giriftari-i-ma- 
Capuchin, n. 1. cloak and hood, fargul ; labida 

chuga. 2. Friar, zahid ; darvesh ; abid. 
Caput-mortuum, u. talchhat; gad; phok; 

suful; fuzla. 
Car, n. [H. gdrl] 1. a small carriage of burden ; 

gari; ikkil ; chliakra ; bar-kash ; laddha, 

2. a cliariot of war, rath. 

3. (Ast.) dub-i-akbar ; bari richh. 

Carabine, Carbine, n. qarabln. 
Carabineer, n. qarablu-vala sipahl. 
Caracole, n. kavah. 
Caracole, v. u« kavah dena. 
Carafd, u. [A* qardba] sbishe kl surahl; mini. 
Carat, u. [A. kirat.] a weight, ratti. 
fifteeii-carai gold, Yifxii'Tu^^Wxysi, fsarauh ; mednl 
Caravan, u. karvau ; qafla ; banjara ; jatrioii ki 
Caravansary, n. karvau-sarae ; l>ai\jaroi^ yi^ 
jatrioii ko utame kl jagah. 

Caraway, n. zira. 

Caraway-comfit, n. zire ko nuqul. 

Carbon, n. kocla. 

Carbonate, n. namak jo koele ke tezab se nikle, 

Carbonic, adj. koclo ka. 

Cailmiie-aeid, n. ko^le 1^ tez&b. 

Carliojy n. qariLbah. 

CMAunfilei n. 1. preciotu stone, lal ; shabohirSlg, 

2. pimple, l&l chakatta ; phora ; gaogaq. 
Ov«BUt» n. jawahirdt ki^ gulu-band. 
Carcass, d. 1. a dead hody, j&nvar kf lash; loth, 

3. careoii^iell, gole kSL ghar ya khaaah. 
Curd, n. I, (for playing) tish. 

I would cheat my own father %t cards, Pror. 
GoMJft mfft BiaiA apne bap te hhi rvahih chaktd, 
in {o/ihenuariners cQ7it/)a«<)naqsha-i-qutub 
nain^. 3. (vmting card) piiUaqat )(a tikat. 
card boardf pattha ; dafti. 
etrd partpy t&sh ke khilSri. 
tardydaying, tash ka khel. 
•Jiul m cards, b&n; h&th. 
tMi the e€$rdsy tarSshiii ; katn&. 
hntthe cards, %h one's liand, jitn&; galib %xA^ 
immg eardt hirue-yala patta. 
Mfce a mUslead ai cards, haut mefi gahtl k. 
play ai cards, tash kheln&. 
play ane^s cards well, chal chalna. 
fuslal card, k&rd ; paise ka ^ikat. 
dkujfi€ Hit cards, abtar k. ; phei^na ; mil&na. 
wmming card, jftne-vala patti. 
I Ci|ld, V, a. [H. kdrh,] 1, dhunna; dhunalpna; 
plana. 2. unravel, ttlmua; kholna. 
Gudamoqi, n. ilaechi ; ilachf. 
large cardamom, bail j& piirln ila^h!. 
small cardamom, chhoti jH gujrEti ilaScbi. 
CurdxeyD. [H. iadhera] {of cotton) dhunya; 
dhnna; kadhei^; kaude^^; pombU; bebn^ 
a cardet^s bow, dhunkf. 
CttdiftC, a(y. 1. inutaalliq-i-dil ; dil-k&. 

2. cordial, muq^y v{ ; pusht ; xnafarrah ; 
tiqat-bi^khsh ; rusbt-pusht. 
Cardiiial, adj. a^m ; aizal ; baiH ; kal2ii. 
cardinal numbers, ed2d-i-zati, ek, do, etc. opp. 
of ordinal nutfibers, edad-i-si^tl, pi^hla; 
dtail, etc, 
cardinal points, (Geog.) charoii disa; chf^tur- 

dishs ; ptirab, pachham, uttar, dakhan. 
car^i^al Migns, 6^1 j& ek baras ki ch&r faslei^. 
cardinal virtues, param dharani ; savab-i-azfm. 
Cat dini^, u. K^ithlak fsaiyo^ ka mahaiit. 
Carding, n. dhun&i ; pinaL 
carding slick, mu|hiya; belaa; dasta. 
Csre, u« 1. anxiety, phinta; silnsa; fikr. 

Oart killed a cat. Proy. Chintd Imrl fta/d^Pror, 
Cart it no cure. Prov. Fikr te kya fdedah t 
Perplexed with a thoasand cares. Shai. 

ffoMroh sdnte lagt hui haih. [SKctl'. 

Aod where care lodges, sleep will never lie. 
/d tuUnd chintd hose nindrd bcue na tdhe, 

2. caution, khabar-dari ; hoshyar! ; chauk* 

Bl; tildtd. 3. business, \Am; farz; zimme« 

din. 4. olyect of care or regard, madar-i- 

khabargirf; ri^]uhanye; &nkhoii ka tara; 

hatell Idl phapolft. 

care of Abbr. c. o. m&rfat ; hath ; duare. [h. 

1$ wnder one^s care, chauksi, ya mnhafazat meu 

take care, intj. khabar-^r ! hoshyar ! 

take care of, khabar lena; khabar-gfrl k. ; 

gaur-pardHkht k. 
Care, Y. D. I. be aniious, chinta ya soch meu. 
h. 2. (for) chahna ; parv& k. 
I dont care to do it. 
Maiii yek ham nakln hama ekShm, 
\ (loot care if I do. 
^ujhe is kdm se kuchh uzr nahln, 
dont care, kuchh parva, ya muzaoqa nahiii. 
Cigraer, n. [Lat. curro, A./arr to ruu.] 1. ghur- 

dau^ kamaidan. 2. course, daur ; zamana. 
Carefal, adj. hoshyar; chaukas; khabar-dSr. 
Carefully, f^dv, hoshjail se ; chauksi se ; khabar- 

dari se ; ehtiyati se. 
Carefolneaa, u. khabar-dari; chauksi; hoshyarl. 
Careless, adj. be-parvA; la-parva; be-fikr; be- 
khabar; ^fil; aohet. 

A eareltts watch invites th« vigilant foe. Prov. 
Chaukidar tovCy ddku mare. 

Cfurelessly, adv. be-parval se ; gaflat sc. 
Carelessness, n. acbiutal; be-iikri; be-parval; 

be-ehtiyati; gaflat; besurtl. 
CfUpess, V. a. puchkarni ; chumkarna ; chhatl 

se 1ag&n& ; hath pherna. 
Caress, n. puchkar ; lad chao ; dular. 
Caret, u. chOk-chinh (a), [ladaunt; bar4-jahaz. 
Cargo, n. jahaz ka bharat ; bhartl; khep, y& 
Caricature, u. bajv ki tastir, y& bay an. [hananft. 
daricatore, y. a. hajv k. ; khaka uraua; gudda 
Caricaturist, n. gudda banaue-vala. [meii liasur. 
Caries, u. (Surg.) haddi ka sarua,ya galna ; haddi 
Carious, adj. sai*a. [shah ; dagdagah. 

Cark, u. chinta ; fikr ; khatk& ; dabka ; khad- 
cark and care, soch fikr. 

Fling cark and care aside. 

Soekf fikr sab d^r karo / [bin. 

Carman, n. gari*bin ; garvala ; bahlw&n ; rath- 
Parminatiye, n. b%o-haran; d&fai-riyah. 
Carmine, u. krioizi ya lal raug. 
Qamaga, d. kbunrezl ; qatl ; ghamfl»n. 
Carnal, adj. I. fleshy (not spiritual) badani; 

jismaui; khaki; duuyavli angf. 

2. lecherous, kami; shahyut-parast ; shah- 

yatl ; mast ; bhog! ; bhog bil&sl ; vishayL 
cenmal connection or intercourse, vishe ; bhog- 

bilas; mub&sharat; sohbat-d&ri; jima; 

voh-bat, [jarl. 

carnal knowledge, mubasharat; yishe; zina; 

Carnalfminded, adj. dunyavl; laukik; sausarL 

Gamatioi^, )i. I. flesh color, gosht ka rang; 

surkhr. 2. theflwver, guln&r. 
Jonquils, parnationt, pinks, and ti^lips rise. 
And iu a gay confusion charm our eyes. Jenqkirts. 
Ldlff, gtklabj nargis, gulndr khU rahehaifif 
Paehmel vangaton se dhkkoh ko chhalrokehaiH, F.C. 

Carnival, n. Kaithulak Isaiou ki fd ya holi. 

Camivora, Camivqrous animals, u. pi. gosht- 

khuar janwar, jaise sher, bheryS. [dariuda. 

Camivorpus, adj. gosbt-khu&r; masSdhari; 
I All that have sprrate teeth are camtvoroiij.Ray. 

/injbe kuchlydh haih woh mdtddhari haih. 

Carol, n. mangla-ohar; git. 
Carol, V. n. gaua; nagma-sarai k. 

Garoatal, n. mA^aoshl ; sharilb-khu&ii. 
Carouse, t. n. dat ke plD&; cbhak-kar plQ&. 
Carp, n. ek qisam ki maohhlL 
Carp, T. n. khurda-giri k. ; aib-jol k. ; aib, yft 

khot nik&lna; mia-mekb nika)n&. 
Carpenter, u. bafhai ; kb&ti ; najjUr. 
Carpentering, Carpentry, d. bai'balka k&m; 

k&m-barhai; najj&i*!. [khurda-glr. 

Carper, n. nukta-chin; aib-jo; harf-glr; 

A carper can cavil at any thing. ProT. 

Nnkta-eKin kar ek bdt men aib nikdUd A<m. 
Carpet, n. farsh ; q&lin ; gILlioha. 
Turkish carpet, q&lin-i-RtliDi. [safrl thaili. 

Carpet-bag, n. hath-tbail&; dast-buqoha; 
be on the carpet, robkarl meii h. ; pesbl meh h. ; 

pesh-i-nazar b. ; ser-i-tajvlz b. ; zikr h. 
Carpet-Knight, n. sber-i-q&Iia ; tldinar-kb&&; 

n&m ki Kustara ; gbar k& mard. 
Carpet walk, n. qallu ki patti ; gb&s kf pat;l 
Carriage, n. 1. transporiatum, bUr-bard&r! ; 
bb&^. 2. velucU, g&p ; ratb ; baggi ; sayitl. 
A pleaaant oompanion, upon a journey, is aa 
good aa a carriage. Pro?. 

Bdt meh dil-bahlfio edthijaue gdfi k\ tavdri, 
(Bdioh meh rattak nakik mdlUm hold, ProT.) 
3. deportment, cb&l ; dbang ; waza ; andas. 
iMchuy carriage, kirilje' kl gE|*! ; tbeki-gifl. 
Carrier, D. \,iliat which catries, le-jine-y&l& ; 
b&r-bard&r; bEr-kasb; ohaupaijc^Talft ; hi- 
mil. 2, porter, BXY'hojhVi; mazdilr; kull. 

3. messenger, ddt; ravanna; paigim-bar; 
q&sid; paik; nima-bar. 

4. (in Comp.) -bar ; -rasi^ ; -Tili. 
carrier pigeon, cbitthi le jine-vili kabQtar; 

letter carrier, dikiji; bar-kira; chitthlrasan. 
Carried forward, p. adj. bar-ivurda. 
Carrion, d. loth; la^b; murdar; mari-hui 

dhor ; sanL bua gosht. 
Carrion eater, n. raurdir-kbor ; lamdhek ; gid. 
Carrot, n. [H. gcijar, A. k/iart] gijar; gazar. 
carrot-shaped, adj. gajar daul ; makbrutl. 
wild carrot, jaiigll gajar. 
Carroty, adj. gijar ke rang ki; lal. 
Carry, V. a. 1. convey, le-jiaa; le-cbalni; 
dboDi; pahunchani; utbani. 

When he dieth he shall carry nothing away. 
Mart pe kuckh tdth nahih jSid. Prov. 

He cairiet fire in one hand, and water in the 
other. Prov. Ag lajd pdni ho daure, Prov. 

2. urge, impel, barhini ; tahnk k. 

3. efect, jitni; kim-nikalna; karana; 
nibihna ; anjim ko pahQuchaaa. 

To carry one's point. Muddad pdnd yd hdtil k. 

4. capture, le-lena ; jitna ; fateh k. ; sar k. 
The town was can'ied. Shahr tar kar liyd. 

6. bear, support, saharua; tbimua; (bojh) 

utima ; (bel) charbana. [batlatia. 

6. imply, arth ya rnine dena ; dalalat k. ; 

This argument carries weight. 1. It dalU meh 

toazahai. 2. Yeh pakkl dalll hai. 

carry away. 1. uthi le-jaua ; apne sath le-jaoa ; 
lejaua ; le-urna. 

2. {yatU,) tofni; phofni; u^i le-jini.. 
We carried away our miaen masts. 
Havd te hamdrd bich kd mattdl «f gayd» 
To carry ooals to Xeircastle. Pror. 

Ulte bdht Barell ko, Prov. 

carryforward, le-jiui ; Qpar likbna ; bar-iwurd. 
carry goods, asbib dboni. 
carry into effect, timil k.; baji iSni; pOrl 

k. ; jiri k. ; amal men liai. 
carry it, carry it off, ufioi; khijSlat mitini; 
bans! meh tilui. [leni. 

carry off {by disease) mir dilni ; dharti se u(hi 
The fever carried off ten thousand peopW. 
Bakhdr te das hatdr ddml mar gai. 
carry off (a person) le-bhagni; bbagi le* 
jina; bami. [pairavfk. 

carry on, obalini ; chaiti rakhni ; jiii rakhiUl; 
carry oneself well, cbil se ohalni. 
carry out or through, baji liiift; anjim yt ant ko 
pabu&cbiai; takmll k. ; nimtini; pdri k. 
carry to an account, hi sib par oha^'fakiii; 
sijibi k. ; hisib men likhui. [k. 

carry two faces under one hood, do-rukhl bite& 
Cbxtj, ▼. n. 1. (a gun) mirni. 2. (in the 
womb) pet se b.; garbh se h.; pet meft rakbni. 
Carrying trade, d. bahri-tijirat; saudigrl-jabis. 
Cart, n. [A. S. crcet, Skr. gantri, H. gOfl] 
gifi; cnhak^. 

The best cart may overthrow. Pro? . 

A ekehki gdrl bki ulat jHi hau 
The cart before the horse. PJNi?; 

Ohore ke dge gdrl. {Ohore ks dum wwk ktgim!^ 

cart rut, gin ki lik ; Ilk. 

a bullock cart, bail-girl. 

dog cart, tamtam. 

Cart, V. a. 1. girl yi chbakre par lid-ke le-jioi. 

2. girl par charbike phiriiii (sazd). 
Cartage, n. bir-bardiri ki kharoh ; kariya. 
Carte, n. 1. (in fencing) bul deni; hOda 

mirni. 2. a bill of fare, kbiue ki febrist. 
Carte-blanche, n. 1. mahz dast-khat. 

2. discretionary power, ikhtiyir-i-kul; 

sampuran-adbkar. [wiu. 

Carter, n. gari-baii; gari-win; garvili; bahl 
Cart-horse, n. chaupuiye ki gbori. * 

Cartilage, n. kurri, chabni yi murmuri-haddl. 
Carting, u. gin lidni yi bharni; gip men 

Cartload, n. gar! ki bbarat yi bojb ; giii bbarat 
Cart-tail, n. cbalti gar! se bindbiii aur cbabuk 

mirte jini. 
Cartoon, n. bar! tasvir. 
Cartouche, n. tosdin ; tosbadan. 
Cartridge, n. kirtus ; tohba. 
ball-cartridge, goli ka kartOs. 
cartridge pajer^ kirtQs banine ki kigas. 
Cartway, n. gin ka rasta ; lik. 
Cartwheel, n cbhakre ka paiya. 
Cartwright, n. chbakra baniue-vili. 
Car 70, v. a. I, (in wood or stone) tar&shni; 

surat banana. 
2. cut meat, katni; boti-kitai. 




Out* out, t. n. apne bal jft quyyat-i-baitl se 

wmtf n. 1. semlptor^ sa^-tarish ; but-tariUh. 
S. {ai iabU)f parosne-ir&la. 
3. carving hu/e, chhuril ; bugd&. 
^t 11- «^-^<kriLshi; kandi-liArL 
n. jharua ; ab-shir ; p&ni ki chidar. 
n. [Old Fr. caiHy A. q<usa hollow.] 
1. i^kl&f ; khol ; mi^n ; kh&nah ; chong& ; 
nalTft; ghar; peti; sandiiq; dibiyi. 

1. {In C<nnp,) -d&o. A pen-coMt^ qalam-d&n. 

A watck^ate, gba;i 1^ khiaa. 

M^ n. [It. Fr. coiif, Lat. cac2o, Skr. ga^ to 

Idly airop» A. qe happen.] 1. e^ent^ xnajriL ; 

^mqft; hidisa; sar-gusasht. 2. (inLmo) mu- 

,; irilliah; biULd; mu&mla. 3. ques- 

amr; \M; jhagra: amri-mutauaziS 

i; amri-tasfija-talab; uqdah. 4. repr^seit- 

ly gan ; ara-h&l ; surat-h&l ; haqfqat- 

kil; ajTS-mirvu ; guzirish. 5. instaneef nazir; 

kaiftla; panang. 6. candiU<m^ hil; h&lat; 

gat; ahvil; dashi; rdp; sQrat 

Thm COM ia altered. SHrtU Ai 6aiiai ^1. 
7. {Oraai.) karak; halat. 
■r midMced, miaftl ; nasir. 

€io9td muqadma taiy&r, y& mnrattab htUu 
mm of addrem {Gtowl) sambodan; mu- 

^mriom eam^ bhari yi nasuk muqadma. 

m lie eoM maif 6f, jaisE mauqah ho ; jaiaa ho. 

diXwmUamcm of the ecue^ kaifiyat-i-muqadma ; 

m&fild-i-muqadma ; ruedftd; sflratih&l. 
mmplexicm of a eoje, sOrat-hil ; sQrat-i-muqad- 

ma j& ma&mla. 
frf tip a cote, muqadma kha|fl k. 
im « eate^ ek aur muqadme men. 
immtigcam^ ba-har h&l; ba-har surat; ba-har 
fajah ; bar tatah ; ba-har kaif ; ba-har taur. 
» mm^ dar-stlrat ; ba-luLlat ; shayad ; kadichit ; 

ah^inan; mab&d&. 
m coie of non-payment, dar sOrat ad& na hone. 
w Mdk a cam, is muqadme meA ; aisi halat mei& 
m iku earn, is surat me&. 
itfreqmenilg ike earn, aksar^hui karUl haL 
aorilf of ike eoMe, haq!qat-i-muimla ; aaliyat- 

iflraimla; kaifiyat-i-muqadma. 
pm ike ease, maslau ; farz karo ; ml^no. 
Aepe^rt of a eate, misl. [\al ; nafis-ul-amr. 
Af IraCft of ike case, muqadme kl asl ; haqiqat 
is be in good case, moU t&sa h. ; sand-mund h. 
One hmtdat^ t. a. b&har ki taraf se sakht y^ 

n. garhgaj ; rand ? rainL 
n. jharoki; khifkL 
adj. panir ki mauind. 
n. pL muqadam&t. 
9fgra»aied cases, muqadm&t-i-sangin. [bandi 
kmndoTf easm, muqadm&t-i-siv&ua, y& had- 
fiiSilMit, n. gabftre kft goll ; girilb; ohaddar. 
Cidi, n. naqS ; roluq* ; paisa ; mpaya. 
mk aecommit naqd his&b ; nnqd len den. 

cask hook, roka^-bah! ; naqd hidb k! kitab. 

cask boac, naqdi k& sanduqcha. 

cask credit, naqd ka his&b. 

cask sale, naqd bikri ; rokar bikil 

CSash, V. a. bhunftua ; naqdi k. 

cask a hill, hundi pat&na, yus&lk., y&bhun&ni. 

Cashier, n. khaz&Qchi ; rokariya; rukar-muuim 

fote-dar; tahvil-d&r. 
priveUe cashier, ny roka|iy&. 
Cashier, v. a. mauquf k. ; m&zQl k. ; kh&rij k.; 

bartaraf k. ; barkhast k. ; nim katna ; 

javab d. [mauqOf k. 

lo cctskier hg court-martial, kot m&sQl karke 
Cashmere, n. kashmiri shiL 
Casino, n. im x^h ghar. 
Cask, n. pip&, 

A cask U toon set a rolling. 

Bin pekdl ka badkndjaldi lufkaijdtd Aoi. 

Casket, n. sanduqcha ; peti ; dibb& ; sevar ki 

Casque, n. khod. 
Cassia, n. tej-pat 

Cassock, n. jhubba. [blgn& ; genii. 

Cast, y. a. [H. phdt] 1. ihrots, phekni ; dUn& ; 

To cast a atone at. Paitkar phekiUL 

To etui an old shoe after one. Prov. 

iTiii ke piekke purinl jutiydn pkekknd. 

To cast a glance. Natar ddlnd. 

To east a sheep's eye at one. ?roy. 

Kanakk^dk mdmd. 

To eosl oilinto the fire is not the way to 
quench it. Pror. 

Td ddlne u dg kakih fti^'Ali kai t Prov. 

To eatt pearls before swine. Pror. 

Qadkok ko angihri bdg, Pror. 

(A Tineyard for a donkeyji 

2. emit deni. 3. sked, jh&rnS ; knriz k. ; 
ut&m& ; chhorni. 4. overcome, pachh&pi& ; 
gir&nft ; de-mim& ; patakni ; niche ^ni, 
y&lini. 5. found, dh&lna. To cast type. 
karafdkdlnd, [hue. 

Cast in the same mould. Bk sikeks ke dkaU 
6. compute, }onvk; phailana; lagani; karna. 
To caii an account. ffU&b kamd. 
To east up old scores. ProT. Oart koile ukkepiil. 
t , fix tke parii among ike actors, bar ek 
ki khel bar ek ko saunp deui. 
cctst a calf bachcha d. ya dalni ; biyahni. 
cast anchor, langar d&ln&. 
cast aside, phekuft; alag k. ; dOr k.; alag yft 
pare phekn& ; bigni. [khoiii. 

ea*i away, phek d. ; pare pheknft ; ganv&na ; 
To east away one's life, /in kkond yd gakvdnd. 
east in a mould, dh&lni ; safiche meik dhiln&. 
cast in a trial, muqadma jitni. 
cast in on£s lot wUk oa^, kisi ki bhalil burii y& 

nafe-nuqsan men sharik h. 
cast its skin, kenchli utarni, yi chhorn&. 
east lots, nam nikllna; qura dilna; chitthi 

nikalna, yi dalni ; patti gema. 
cast off, utima*; dOr k. ; mauqOf k. ; bar-taraf 

k. ; nikal d. ; chhor d. 

Cast me not of iu the time of old age ! 
Jlaki f <A mufjke bufkdpe msk mat Mof I 

\ — 





ccut of eloAfi, utran kutran ; atran putran ; 

ut'iran ; phutii piiranil ; mailkhora. 
east out, uil^l dctia ; nik&l buhar k. ; darvft- 

zah 80 baliar uik&lna. [ko botiyaii denS. 

cast to the winds, cast to tfie dogs, chil kavvon 
east up, I. compute, joriia ; jor lagatia ; inls^n 

lagliia ; jama k. 2. vonift, genia ; dalna ; 

rad k. ; okiu ; qai k. ; ulti k. ; obhandna ; 

dhartl y^ zamlu dokbim ; istifrftg k. 
<:ast up aooounts, bisab lagAu& ya jofnil. 
part t/ cast, niaglub-digii; madfui-digrl. 
to be oast dowti, xidvLa ja dilglr h. ; sust h. ; 

afaiirda h. [par lauil. 

to oast ui on^s teeth, ukatna; ehsan jat&na; niQiih 
Casti V. 11. 1. (metal,) dbalua. 2. contrive, up!Lo 

k. ; jatau k. ; tadbir k. ; tajviz k. 
Caat, n. 1, throw, phenk ; d^l. 2. distance, 

tappa ; pallH ; mar ; dQri ; fasla. 

3. (of thr. eye), bbciigapan ; kajL 

4. (of dice), pbeiik ; dao ; diil. 
I have set luy life iipou a cast^ 

And I will stand the hazard of the dX%, Shale. 

Jan ar di hai dio pe al^to, 

Pdsd htichh hi pare; jo ho so ho. F. G. 

5. tmiuld, slkuohe ki dball bill; dbal. [vaza. 
G. appearance, dbai'ig ; dbab ; taiir; tarlq; 

Cast, adj. 1. (IwLato), b&ra-bua ; magluh; zer. 

2. (metal), dbalwati; dihalft-biia; q&libL 
ectst iron, dbala lob^ 
Castanet, u. kbartal ; obakobakl. 
Castaway, adj. gay& giizr& ; nikammS ; uakErS; 

ua-layjui ; rad klya bua ; pbeiiktl gaya ; ni- 

kala bua ; mardud ; matruk ; nazri. 
Castaway, u. kharab-kliasta ; awara ; rauda ; 

kbadera ; bidiifi. 
Caste, 11. zat ; j'lt ; btiraii ; qaum ; dudb, 
diUinction of caste, zat bbed ; baran-bbed ; z^t 

ka furq ; qaumi ikbtilaf ; jat parekba. 
high caste, aiicbi-zlt ; bari-zrit ; ujjal baran. 
low caste, nicbi cbbati ya uauul zat ; kamm ; 

adua qaum. 
of one caste, zat-bbai ; bracbi ; bam-qaumi. 
2Mt out of caste, zat ya biradrl se bibar k. ; zat 

80 nikahia ya kbary k. ; buqqa-pani baud k. 
the head of a caste, cbaudbrl ; niukdam ; 

niuddb. [bfibar b. 

to lose caste, ziit kbona ; zat jfiti rabua ; zat 
Castellated, adj. burj jaisa. 
Caster, n. 1. (}fe(aUurgy), dbalaiya. 

2. a small wheel on a swivel, pbirkl. 
Castigate, v. a. sarzauisb k. ; saza d. ; gosb- 

niaii k. ; kore mama ; aro batb leiiii ; hitlr- 

ua; jbai-il k. ; jbilnia ; tazh* k. 
Castigation, u. gosb-m"ilI ; sarzanisli ; tarau ; 

tai-ua ; saza ; tazir ; kore-bazi. 
Castigator, n. gosb -null ya sai-zauisb kamo- 

valfi ; saza-deue-vala. 
Castle, n. [A. S. cast ell, A. qila, Skr. kott, H. 

kotfd] 1. a fortified f lace, kot ; kotla; gaybi; 

bala-bisir ; garli ; qila. 

Every luan'a houue ia hw cattU, Prov. 

Apn& nial'dn hot samSn. 

2. (fn chess) rukb. 
cattle building, kbiyali pulao ; bao-bandL 
to build castles in the air, kbiyali pulao pak&n&; 

baobaudi k. ; mau ko biddQ pbora&, yk lur- 

bana ; kbiyali tukko lagana. 
Castor Oil, n. araudi k& tol ; reuri k& tel ; 


castor tree, araud ; reur ; bedanjli'. 

Castor and Polluz, sanak sauandan. 

Castor-bean, u. (iht.) ai-aucll; reni-i. 

Castrate, v. a. [Lat. cctstrare, H. kcUnff, A. 
qafa] (briUes) kbassi k. ; (men) khoja k. ; 
nluiard k ; hljif^ k. ; mardi kat dalii& ; (a 
bull) badbiya k. ; (a horse) akbta k. 

a castrated animal, badbiya ; kbassi ; akbtaL 
Casnal, adj. ittifaiji; arzi ; daiv-sanjogi. 
a casual incident, amar-i-ittifaqi. 
Casually, adv. ittifaqan ; saujog se. 
Casualty, u. maut. 

casnaltT/ »card, zakbuiiou ya gbailoii ka kamra. 
Casuist, u. murabid ; bad! ; pir ; guru ; muj- 
tabid ; muftarl. 

Casuistry, n. ijtibad ; updesb; bidayat. 

Cat, u. [Fr. cliat, II. ehdt liokj (3Iale} billo, 

billa ; bilar ; birrd ; gurba; mirj&r ; (femaU) 

biill; bilai ; pQel; m&no. 

A cat may look at a king. Prov. 

Bilti bhl rajA lo dckh ttikti Aai. 
The cat loved &ih, but «he*8 loth to w«t htr 
feet. Prov. 

£Uli cUdhe machhli, pdoa bhir^oti tukche. 
{Kdm choi% uivdU hazir. Prov.) 

cat-eyed, kaiijS ; kaira ; gurba-cbasbm. 

cat onine Uxi/Sy Cor. kail. 

cros^ as a cat, adj. cbirruidl ; cbirdiiri. 

to let the cat out of the bag, bbiindi pbopiX; 
garl dabi baton ugbrirufi ; bbed kbalna, yi 
zabir k. ; ifsbac raz k. [larni. 

to live a cat and doj life, bill! kutte k! tandi 

to rain cats and dogs, cblifijou ya musladhar 
meiib barasna ; jliamfi jbam barasua. 

Catacomb, n. sard aba. 
Catalepsis, Catalepsy, u. sakta ; murcbbagat. 
Cataleptic, adj. murcbbit ; be-bosb. 
Catalogue, u. fard ; felirist. fpatr ; chitlha. 
a catalogue of books, febrist-i-kutub ; suchi 
Catalogue, v. a. febrist, fard, yacbittbil bauaoi. 
Catamenia, u. baiz ; kapro ; pbul ; uabaui; 

nabaiu ki bliuarl ; mail. I sir ; aiyHm. 
Catamite, u. Cor. o^ Gauytnedes^ bUaj laoiida; 

gaiidfi ; bawesiya; illati ; auudba. 

Cataplasm, ii. pultis ; lupn ; bburtu. 
Catapult, 11. (Afil) Vuuau meu tir ya patthar 

pliekuo ka aujaiL [ab-ahir. 

Cataract, u. 1. jiiarna ; ciiadar; pauI ki ohadar 

2. disease of tike eye, niotiyabind. 
Catarrh, u. zukam ; sardi; bava-zadgi. 
Catastrophe, n. bala; iifat; muslbat; bipta; 

sadnia ; dbakka. 
Catcall, u. siti ; zafU. 




h^ T. a. 1. gr<up, pakarn& ; pakar lena ; 


A droirning man will catch at a straw* ProV. 
p't(tU ko tinhe ka $ahdr& bahni kai, Prov. 

A cluee mouth caiekeih uo fly. Prov» 

Sand mAkk mm makkhl Ihl nahihj6(i* 
To eatck a ball. Geiid lapaknH, 

3. ensnare, pakarua : pbausua ; uljh&ria ; 
\jbau& \ giriftllr k. ; liaudh leuft. 

To set a thief to catch a thief. ProT* 

Ckor ie ekor pakarrSnd / 

The spider eeUckc* flies iu its web. 

Makri apncJdU men tfiakkhi^hphakialetikau 
i fit, liith iiiarnH ; jhapata^ [parna. 

i ft Tartar y ulti taiige ja lluteu gale men 
i the measleM or smallpox^ mata ja chechak 
kalna j& darasua. 

k up, chhiQ lena ; jhapat leua ; hath mar- 
I; ucliakna; lapakua ; jhapatua; (a person) 
ikaf lena ; Imrabar ho jaulL 
rcfUigJii, paki*ajana. 

ieh a C'ddy sardi, ya zukam h. ; hayazadgf. 
lUJi the h'lit, jal men ph&iisna. [na deua. 
ft k time by tfie forelockf ff&qt ko hath se 
^h, V. n. [Lat. <uipere, H. pakaf, galu S. 
rah^ P. glrift take] 

1. layko^d of, pab\]^iia, gahna. 
The lock catckes. Tali nahlh lagtl. 

2. be contaglow, u|'-ke lagna ; lagua. 

sii, u. 1. seizure, pakeLT ; girift ; girift&n; 
absa. 2. {of a door) arui ; bill! ; agaL 

Z. (of a sotig) lapak. 

4. prize, soue ki ohirya ; root! asatni. 
naie a catcit, sone ki cbirya hath lagua. 
ehing, adj. urnl (bimarl). 
ch-penny, u. bbarak ; mulamma ; lifafa. 
CHword, u. (Print.) tark ; jac^ah ; tQt. 
eeiietical, adj. sawal jawab ke taiir. 
eckise, v. a. i)Qcb plch Jc. ; sawal-jawab k. ; 
itifear k. [ki kitab ; mubtadlyon kl kitab. 
eekimi, n. sawaljawabnama ; sawal jawab 
eekn, n. kath ; kattha. 
eckmnen, n. naya kirishtan ; nau-miirid. 
egorical, adj. baf; sidha; shafi; qatid; bit- 

Ueyarieal answer, saf, do-tok, ya qatai jaw&b. 
Agorkaily, adr. safal se ; bit-tafsil. 
agery, n. mad ; bibhag. [musalsal. 

enarian, adj zanjir ki tarah; silsilcvar ; 
OUtioiL, ti. silslla ; tasulsul ; lau:ao. [bast k. 
«r, T. n. khaiia dena ; khaiie ka band-o- 
eror, n. khan-samau ; hhandarL 
erpillar, ii. jhliijha ; but ka kira. 
onraul, y. u. hyao hyao k. ; mastai billi 
S sa sbor o giil k. 

frwauiing, billion ki Inrai : hilar larai. 
ei, n. pi. mohan.bhog; tar mil ; naqd-mal ; 
lemat; lazi^ khana; pars^; pakwan; 

oansalvli. [part. Skak, 

Though mj eatei be mean take tnem in good 
Mere dd' daily e ko qabMl k'tjlye. 
AHs, how simple to the^e eaf^f compared, [ton. 
Was that erude apple that diverted Eve. Mil- 

in n€m<ttak ke sAmne kyd mdl thtl hhaUL, 
jffavwd ko kaehche teb ne gumfdh bar dljfd f F.C^ 
Catgut, n. taut ; rodah. [rechak. 

Catnattic^ n, jullab : mushil ; dast-avar daya ; 
Catkedtal) n. bar l girjl. 
Catketine wheel, u. 1. toindow, sQraj-mukbi 

khirki. 2» suraj-mukhi charkhi j chakkar ; 

ghan- chakkar. 
Catheter, n. ni&tr-nikas nali ; salai. 
Catholic, adj. 1. universal y am ; kul ; sab ; kul- 

kail ail. 2. liberal, be-laglU) ; be-taasub; a^d 

Catholic, 11. motaqid tariq-i-romau kaithulak. 
Catholicism, n. (Uberafity of sentiment) katta 

isai-pan ; be^ taasubi; a-pakshta. 
Catlike, adj. biili ki tarah; billi-si. 
Cat*i-cTadle, u. cbiryil ka panja. 
Cat*s-paw, u. 1. a lig'U breeze^ mand-baju; 

halk! hava. 2. dupe, dhoka-kh^ii. 
Cattle, n. mavesbi; goril; dlior } diugar ; dan- 
gar; gsM bail ; jau?ar ; go-dbau ; dhan. 
Their wealth consists iu cattle, 
Unkl daulat dhor haen, 


tax on cMie, pucbchhi ; siugautL 

Cattle -show, n. dhor dikhai. 

Caudal, adj. dum-ka ; dum-sa; pQuch-aa; j&n- 

var ki dum kl manind. 

Caudle, n. achhvani ; harira ; battisL 

Caul, n. 1. net, bal-jali. 

Her head with rhiglets of her hair is crowned* 
And in a golden caul the curls are bonnd. 

Wok ffkuhffrdle hdloh kd $ir pttr nukat, 
Rahihjdl'i-zarrih men zulfen Upai. F. C, 

2. omentum, pet ka parda ya jbilli 

3. (of a child), jhilli ; burqa. 

If a child l>e bom with a caul on his head, he 
shall be very fortunate. Milton, 

Jo baekcha huvqa liptd hud paidd hotd A at, woh 
bari hi bhdgwdn hotd liai. 

Cauliflower, u. pbul-kobi ; gobi. 
Caulk, y. darz ya darar band k. 
Causal, n. (Gram,) fel-i-mutaaddi ba-do maful ; 
paradbiu ; mutaaddi-ul-mutaaddi. [tasbib. 
Causation, u. fail y-a kai*ta b., y& banna; 
Causatiye, ndj. illati; mutaaddi; kirgar; kur- 

ta ; karau-har ; sa-karmak. 
Cause, u. 1. auHtor, karta ; karau ; baoi ; ban!- 
kar ; banl inai»ani; mujid. 

Cauu is a eiuistance exerting its power into 
act, to nia^<e one thing begin to be, Locke. 
Kdran us paddrth ko kahte haih jiike bal te 
kol kdm kore, ydjis u kuehh utpatU ko. 

2. reason, karan ; sabab ; bais ; yajah ; 

jehat ; mOjib ; illat ; taqrtb. 3. motive, mu- 

rad ; maiisba; niyat ; manorath; matlab; 

garz. 4. side^ taraf ; oy; paksh ; pahlu ; 

laug ; kani ; ghain ; main ; msLM. [d&ya. 

5. suit in court, muqaddama ; natish ; 

It*s a bad cause that none dare speak in. Shah, 

Bnre kd koi Idga naHh. Pror. 

cause and effect, sabab musabbab ; illat maliil ; 
karye kiran. 




cause of (tctiotif bini-i-dftva; mansba-i^lira; 

niaD&t-i-diva ; vajah mukhasmat jft nSliah. 
eatue of complaint, aabab y^ vajah n&lish. 
catuetotke contrary , m&ue; &f; rokae w&]&; 

a common eatiiCf iI1at*i-kuI]I. 
apparent cause, zahiri sabab. 
divide one cause of action into two, ek binft-i- 

nmqaddama ko do shiq k. 
double cause of action, do bin&-i-daye* 
efficient cause, illat-i-filill; yajah-qavi; Idlrje 

espouse a cause, s&th d. ; paksh k. ; tarafdftrl 

k. ; sahieta k. ; ma dad d. ; h&th pakapi&; 

kamar thamn& ; pushtl d. ; bim&yat k. 
final cause, asal buny&d ; ant karan. [rik ISran. 
formal cause, illat-i-sUarl ; rQp k&rau ; behvi- 
material cause, asl b&is ; illat-i-maaddi ; tatv- 

karan. [d&va. 

multifarious cause of action, taaddud biuft-i* 
owing to this cause, is vajah, sabab j& karan se. 
presumptive cause, farzl sabab ; mftn& bu& karan ; 

anum&nik k&ran. 
primary cause, av val sabab ; ja;* ; mOl ; &d-k&ran. 
proximate or immediate cause, sabab-i-qarib ; 

up&din karan. 
small cause, muqaddama yi mut&Iba khaflf. 
small cause court, mahkama-i-mutfilbah-i-kha* 

fifah ; khaftfah. [k&ran ; sabab-i-Hlft. 

the first cause, musabbab-ul-asbl^ ; pirtham 
to divide a cause of action, chand binad' dave 

qarar d. ; biuae vabid ka mutaaddad dave 

qarar d. 
to lose one*s cause, muqaddama hama. 
without cause, be -sabab ; be-vaste ; be- vajah ; 

bila vajah; na-liaq; haq na-haq ; khuah ma- 

khuah ; char iiachar ; be-arth ; ak&ran ; bina- 

k&ran. fyiin hi 

without reasonable cause, bill vajah-i-maqfll ; 
Cause, V. a. paida k. ; karvanft ; vuj{id me6 

]ana; mOjid h. ; sabab h. ; bais h. ; mOjib h. ; 

k&ran h. ; zahQr, amal, ja vuqQ men lanS. ; 

bar rGe, kar lana ; barpa k. ; uthana ; ma- 

chana. [sabab ja l^ran h. 

caiue death, hal&k k. ; mar dalna ; maut k& 
caase grievous hurt, zarar shad Id pahunchtlna. 
causing an fffect, natija bar-amad k. ; kar-amad 

h. ; kargar h. ; lagn&. 
to cause harm or hurt, nuqsan ya zarar pahun- 

chana ; dukh d. ; chot d.; ban k. (hna. 

Caused, adj. asar kiya gay& ; bais hiul ; karan 
I/m efect caused, natija mimtaj. 
Causeless, adj. 1. uncaused, be sabab; be- 

mfijib; bila vajah; binluye. 2. without 

just cause, be-vajah ; yunhi ; bila-vaste ; na- 

haq ; be-sabab. [yQnhi ; haq na-haq ko. 

Causelessly, adv. na-haq ; be-sabab ; bila waste ; 
Causeway, Causey, n. pulke siren ki unchi 

sarak. [muqarrih. 

Caustic, adj. 1. corrosive, jalane-v&la; tez; 

Cawtie lotion. Chdndi led Utdb. 

2. (Met.) biting, kari ; haddah. 
Caustic, n. kat karne-vall aukhad ; kh&T ; jal&- 

ne-vali dav&; tezab. 
lunar caustic, chind! ka tez&b* 
Cauteriiation, a chark&; d&g; gnl. 
Cauterise, v. a. dig d. ; dagn& ; jalini j charki 

ja gul dena. 
Cautery, n. dag; gul; chark&. 
Caution, Cautiousness, n. [Lat. €atfer6, A. khahar 

take care]. 1. provident care, hoshj&ri; 

khabardari; ohetanta; chauku; ehtiyit; 

surat; s&vdh&nL 2. it^'unction, t&k!d; hidft- 

jat; hukm ;aggy&. Z, warning, ohetioni; 

jat&o; ibrat; tambih. 

She is a cott^um. Wok to bald kai, 
4. security, z&mni ; kaf &lat ; b*. 
great catUion, kam&l t&ammul y& ehtijUti' 

ban khabai>dftd. 
necesnty for caution, maq&m yi ji6 gaur« 
Caution, 7. a. chetan k. ; chitanA; suoheti k; ; 

jat&uft; khabard&r k. ; hoshiy&r k-; kin 

kholnft ; mutanabbah k. 
Cautiouaryi adj. chiUlvani; nasthat-ftmes. 
Cautious, adj. suchetft; surtft; khabarnllr; 

hoshiy&r; muhtat; bed&rmagz; dUr-andesii; 

chaukas ; Iqbat-andesh. 
Cautiously, adv. chetantai se; khabar'd&ri se; 

hoshy&rise; ba ehtiy&t. 
Cautiousness, n. See Caution. [fila 

Cavalcade, n. 1 . sav&roii k& pari 2. savfirf Id 
Cavalier, n. 1 . military horseman, jangi sav&r 

ya ghuy-charha. 2. gallant man, bah&dur; 

sar-blr; jav&n-mard. 
cavalier servente, pichh-lagQ; laggfl; b&r-gUr; 

jarya ; dhag;pa ; y &r ; &8hn& ; lagvar ; charhait* 
Cavalierly, adv. takabbur y& ghamand se. 
Cavalry, n. risala ; ghuvh-cha^^hl sainE. 
Cave, Cavern, n. [Lat. cavus, hollow, P. kan, S. 

khan, dig] guph&; kho ; goha. 
Cave, V. a. (Slang) har manna; gardan jhuk&- 

na ; lacharl se qubtil k. 
Caveat, n. (Law) elan ba-mui&d-i-mum&naat 

tajviz muqaddama; hukm ba-imtinae in- 

Cavernous, adj. guphard&r. 
Cavesson, Cavezon, n. gho;:e ka mohift. 
Caviare, n. ek machhU ke salone ande. 
Cavil, V. n. chhota etiraz k. ; khurech nik&la&; 

khurda-giri k. ; mm mckh chhautn&. 
Cavil, n. nuktah-chini ; khnrench; khurdah* 

ghi; hujjat; hujjat-i-la basil; mln mekh; 

Caviler, n. harf-glr; khurenchya; aib-jo; 

nuktah-chin; khurda-glr; hujjati; khot 

Cavity, n. garha; g&r; jauf. [kan kan k 

Caw, V, n. [A. S. ceo, Scot, ka, A. qd, H. kdiSn] 
Caw, n. kan kan ; kaen kaen. [miroh. 

Cayenne pepper, n. pis! hui l&l mirch ; tataiy& 
Caylyz, (Bot.) takht; asan. 
Cayman, n. magarmachh ; uakU. 





B, V. n. 1. Uave off, chhoy denS ; Mth 
h&n&; hat jAni; tark k.; baz rahuft; 
«i-bar-d&r h. ; band k. 

Importune him for my moniea, be not cmnd 
with elight denUl ! Skak. 

Mere rupai kd tajiid karo, unkd uxr tk na 
guno/ [Dryden. 

The lives of all, who eeate from comb»t, spare ! 
Jang u jo bdz dvtk jdn-bakhihi kijiye. 

2. he at an end^ ho chukn&; chukn&; 

barnil ; akhir h. [Devteromomy, 

The poor shall never eeau out of the land. 
DMnjfd M kan^ kadki MoAiA jdinye. 

3. fail, ho j&u&y y& ohukna ; Idiatam h. ; 
i^; kharij h. 

ifrjm labor, k&m se cbhutn&, y& chhutti 
\xA; faragat h.; aram k. 
! to be, mauqtif h. ; jata rahna ; sftyal h. ; 
at h. ; nest-o-nabUd h. ; raar j&ti&. 
t/rom strife, jhag^ mat karo. 
dMSy a4j. lag&tar; achhQt; baiubar; be- 
illk ; pae dar pa8 ; al-at-tayatiir ; nit. 
Fast and hot on them poured the eeaeden 
■hot. Byron. Jalti baUiffoUohkihanckhdr 
un par bardbar parU 

or, n. deodar. 

1^ T. a. aaunpna; de den&; de dalni; 

ipnrd k. ; ha-^le k. ; tafvlz k. 

The people must ceiU to the Qovernment for 
some of their natural rights. Jay. 

Parjd ko apne adkkdr^n mek te Vkaehk r^jd ko 
dene chdkiyeh. 

i provinces diUriet, mam&lik-i-mufiBkyvisah ; 


Ua, n. mu ja sak&r k& shosha. 

Lug, n. chhat ; ch&dar chbat ; saqfl 

bnt), y. a. roan&a&; mann&; raohin&; 

ohhio k. ; khaahi mananft. 

\raU a wedding, bj&h rachan&. 

To edebraU with oiusic. Od^e hdje se harmd. 

To celebrate with pomp and show. 

Dkdm dhdm u kamd, 

bratedy adj. n&mi; nam- war; n&mdftr; 
lashbtlr; m&raf; samam; prasidh; par 
ahthlt ; nam! giramL 

He was celebrated for the politeness of hit 
manners. Maeaulay, 

Wok kkusk kknlq wMikdr tkd. 

bration, n. astuti ; sitajash ; sipas ; rach&o ; 
cbh&o; utshab; khushi. 

Tlie celebration of a marriage. 

£iydk kg dk&m dkdm. 

tbritj, n. 1 . renown, n&rowari ; kirat ; n&m. 
2. a person, n&ail j& mashQr &dml. 
ffitjy n. jaldi; surat; shit&bl; t&Tal; 
)lat; chusti; subuk-raTi; chabuki; phur- 
.; tarat-phurat. 
vy, n. (Cor.) pitarseli; siler!. 
ittialy adj. 1. heavenly, ak&sl ; Esminl; 
dald ; swarg! ; jaonatL 2. blessed, bahishtl; 
rdauisi ; pik ; mutabarrak ; baikunthf. 
tiial bodies, ajr&m-i-falakf ; ak&a-basttL 
ttM orbs, &8mini kure ; ak&a gole. 
IbtiCff n. ku&r-pan; tajarrad; tajrid; mujar- 
idi; jati-pan. 

Oellt n. 1. sntaU apartment, kothvf; hnjni; 
kh&na; ghar. 

The brain eontaine ten thousand etUs, 

In each some active fancy dwells. Prior. 

Koikrl bk^e men kaingi das katiir^ 

Unk'e andar ba$td kai ckanekal biekdr. F. C. 

2. Small cavil jf, chhed ; sQrSlkh. 

3. cave, guphii; kho; gir. 
In cottages and lowly cells. 

True piety neglected dwelU. Somerville. 

Jkopfoh our ffupkdoh men 
Sackeke jcgi ekdht rahU kaii. F. C. 

Cellar, n. tah-khana ; Cor. god&m ; bhauniiL 
Cellaret, n. sharab k& chhota saudtlq. 
Cellular, adj. khatie-dar. 
Cement, n. [H. c/umat stick]!. ^/titf,8aresh.2.mor- 
tar, gach ; chuna ; rekhta. 3. solder^ jh&l. 
There is a cement compounded of flour, whites 
ot 6gg>f and stones powdered, that be- 
cooieth hard as marble. Bacon. 

Bajri dtd, aur ande ht sa/aidi milkar, aisd 
earesk bantd kai jaiee paUkar, 

4. (Fig.) paiwaud ; jor. 

Cement, y. a. jorni ; mil&n&; was! k.; ohip- 
]dba&; paiwand la^n& ; ohasp&i&k.; la^o&. 

Cometerj, n. qabrist&n ; gorist&n ; ahahr-i-kba- 

Cenotaph, n. chbatri; qabr. [d&n. 

Center, n. dhflpdan ; agar-d&n ; agrant& ; tld- 

Her thoughts are like the fume of frankincense 

Which from a golden censer forth doth rise. Spenser, 

Kkaydldt Uike kaih loidn ee, 

Jo uUke tonoAri agarnldn u. F. C. 

Censor, u. 1. censurer, mal&mat kame-y&U, 

bigova; dokhyi. 2. (the office), muhtasib; 

mufli; q&zl; shaikh. 
Censorial, adj. mal&mat!; dokhja. 
Censorious, adj. addicted to censure, aib-jo; 

harf-gir; khurda-<zir; aib-bln. 
Censorioosness, n. aib-jol ; nukta-chini ; harf- 

giri ; khurda-glii. 
Censorship, (of the press), n. sark&r he khil&f ; 

chh&pue kl man&i. [nindi-jog. 

Censurable, adj. qabil-i-ilzam y& mazammat; 
Censure, n. ilz&m ; dokh. 
Censure, y. a. ilz&m y& dokh lag^na ; dokhnft ; 

doshn& ; ils&m den& ; qusur batl&Di ; mala- 

mat k. 
Census, n. mardum-sbumarl; manush gintl. 
Cent, a. [A. sad, Skr. shat, H. sau\ 1. hundred, 

sau ; Mid ; saikriL 2. coin, ek FransisI sikka. 
cent per cent, sau pe sau ; ek ke do ; dugne. 
one per cent, rupae 8ai&kr& ; ek rupae f! sadL 
per cent, saik|ik; fl sad!. 

Ten rupees per cent. Das nipae saikit; das 
rupaS ft sadl. 

Centaur, n. nar-ghu^ ; ek khayall janwar. 

Centenary, n. sadi; sad sala. 

Centennial, adj. sad-s&la. 

Center-bit, n. val&yati barmIL 

Centesimal, adj. sa^&&. 

Centigrade, adj. sau hissoft meA taqsim Idyft 

gay& ; sau dienje k&. 

A centigrade thermometer. Sam darje hd 




Centipede, n» khaniihajaril ; kangojir; kan- 

salal ; bazar- pa. [Taesitah; 

Central, adj. bichka; markadl; Tasti; niuta- 
Central Provinces, miimiUk-i-mutavassitaii 
Ceatralization, n. bich meii lina ; kul huka- 

mat vast meii rakbna. 
Centralize^ v. a. bich m^n jama ja ikbatta k. ; 

markaz par laui. [chakr-bicb;kendr; markaz. 
Centre, n. [Ger. Kentdr H . Kantd a prick] 
centre of a cirde^ {Oeom.) chakr-bicb ; markai- 

eentre of gravity 1* (Math.) bojh bich (weight 

ceutre) ; marka7-i-siql ; gurut-kendr. 

2. (Phys,) bojb kbiiicbao ; kasbish-i-zamiuj 

bbtl khiiicbao. 
centre of motion^ cbal-blch. 
ceatire of oscillation, jhok-blch. 
centre of tlie earth, markaz-i-zamiQ. 
Centre, v. n. 1. he central, bich meii honS. 

2. concentrate, lau lagana ; laii lin b. ; tik 

tiki baiidhna ; ek ji k. ; jamana ; garona. 

Whose tbonghts are centred on thyself alone. Dryden, 

Jiskd dil turn hi meh pard hud hat. [Milton. 

One foot he centred and the other turned ronnd. 

Ek pair woh gdrlear ndchan Idgd dUje pdr, 
Ceatreplate, n. khaiifti ki charkhi 
Centreponch, a. (Slech) toiya ; gulaura. 
Csntric, Cantrical, adj. bich-ka ; mutavassit 
Centrifagal, adj. ap-sidbi ; dafe-ul-mark»iz. 
centrifugal force, ap-sidh bal. [ba-markaa. 

Centripistal, adj. bich chakkar k! or ; mayal 
centripetal force, bich cbakkar khichao ; kash- 

ish-i -markaz. [sar; subo-dar. 

Centurion, n. tiimandar; sau jiivanon ka af- 
Centuryi ". sadi ; sau baras; sad sal; sbat varsh. 

A century ugo. Sau bar it hug. 

Caphalgic, adj. sir ke durd ki (dava). 
Cephalic, adj. sir ke nuitaalliq. 
cjJialic m'-dirlne, saiit ; nuiqavviyat-i-dimag. 
Ccraceous, adj. [P. sare^li] mom sa ; mom jaisa. 
Cerate, u. mom, rau^^an ; marham. 
Csrberas, n. dozakh ka kutta. 

To give a HOt> to Cerbenn. Katie ho Uhrn ddlnd. 
{I)akaninwjb'%lnqnMhdokhtahbeh. P. Prov.) 

Cerdal, u anaj. 

Cerabellum, n. bliejc kl pichhli kothrl. 

Cerabral, adj. magzi ; muni bun. 

cerehvcd l^lt'rs, murilbau aksbar. 

Cerebram, n. bbeje M agli kotbri. 

Cera-cloth, Csrament, n. 1. mon i kapra; mom- 

jlma. 2. katan. 
CeramDnial, adj. rltmU sisbtidiari; rasmi. 

Christ (U.l t;ike away tliat external ceremonial wor- 
ship that was among Um^ Jews. Ji. StilinfjAcct. 
Tsa MiuVt ne YaUHdioh ki dikhdve ki pdjo p'H ulkd di. 

Ceremonial, n. rasm; rit; cbal; dastur. 

Court-ceremonial, a lrib-i-darl)ar. 

Ceremoniea, n. pi. 1. '»'it^h i'ii^ii"i; i»^; cbal; 

dastur; qacdc. 2./orwi5 of stale, adabi-dar- 

bar; darbari clbang. 
funeral ceremonie.% kirya karm; pcor gnrba; 

dib karam ; bifau kUhi ; gor o kafaii ; taj- 

liiB o takfiii. 

fttigtout iserenioniesi dharmiit; rUstlnl-i-mas* 

Gerem3mon8j adj. pur-takalluf; takallnfl; 
Ceremoniously, adj; takalluf se ; qaede se. 
CeremonionsnesB, n. pur^takalhili. 
Ceremony, n. I . oxUward rite, rft rasid. 

Bring her up td the high altar, that Abe m%j 

The sacred ceremoniet ther6 partake; Spenter, 

Mahdhe ke taU utko turn Ido db, 

Ki d-kar hare rasm-i'$kddi woh tab. F, C. 

S. forms of civility, akblaq ; adib ; takallu£ 

The sauce to meat is ceremony, 

Meeting were bare withoiit it. Sktik, 

Jlai ehcUni go$kt pe iakaflftf, 

Aur phikd milnd be tdhallnf; 

All ceremonies are, in themsKlv^S, very tillf 
things, but yet a man of the world ahould 
know them. CheiterJUld: 

JUtimch aitr takaUnf bilhll tfihiyAt kaih,magnr 
dunyd-^r ko gabjdnna chdhiye. 

marriage ceremony, biyab ke tehle ; ruaUm-i* 

shadi ; rasmiyat-i-izdivSj. 
master of ceremonies, mir-majlis ; mohtamim ; 

muiitazim. [bhagat k. 

to receive toith ceremony, adar miii ya ao 
without ceremony, be-takalluf. 
Ceres, n. an-deota. 
Ce^tftLn, u.l. sure, nishchae ; pakka ; tahqiq \ 

mutabaqqaq) acliQk. 2. determinate, mu- 

qarrar; muaiyan; mutaaiyan; mushakb- 

kbas ; bandha hua. 3. some, koi ; kicd ; ek. 
a certain day or time, kis! din ; ek din ; ek-ro& 
a certain persofv, ek sbakbs; kol; falani; amki 

^bamka; iraka-dbimkA; ek log. 
a certain quantity, kisi qadarj kitna ek; 

kucbb ; tbora sa. 
a certain sum^ mubiig. 
to bi c rtaiii of, tabqlq janna; VAqin h. 
to mtl^ cn'tain, pakka k. ; tbik k. 
Certainly, adv. zurur; avasiija; albatta; be- 

sbak;aurk\a; yaqinan. 
Certaiaty, n. nisbcbae; yaqln; tabqiq. 

He that l»«aves cerldint'/, and sticks to chance, 
Wli'^n fooU pipe he may dance. ProY. 

Niithchaif ko chUore, dubdha ko dhdi, 
Nirat karejnb mvrh bojdg. 

Certificate, n. {Cor.) sartiHcat ; neknam! kl 

cbittbi ; sacbauticbittbi: chittbi khusbuildi 

mizaj kl. 
cerfcate of a horse^s death, saqti-naraa. 
certificate of chara'ter or g)od conduct, nck- 

certifi -ate of clearance, i-abdaii ya nikiisi k! 

chittbi; parmatbabti; ravauna; parvana- 

cei'tifrafe of d'.athj fautl-nama; maut-patr. 
cerfifica'e of d''.y)atchy cbaliiii ; ravanna. 
Ci*rlifi'ate of dismissal, parvana-i-manqftfi. 
certificate of heirship, sanad-i-virasat ; sartiH- 

certificate of poverty, G. G. inuflisi-naiiia. 
certifc lie of service^ parvana ya sanad-i-kar- 

life certificate^ bajat-namah. 




eate, v. a. tasdiq k.; parmla k. i haqi- 
h&l likhna. 

lan, adj. &bl; nllgilD; ismatil; ak&st. 
eiii n. k&Q mail; kaa-mail; kia kft mail 
ii n. safaida. 

al, adj. gardan k&. [cha niUlni. 

an operation, n. pet ch&k kar-ke bach- 
#ease3, n. pi. (Law) abv&b ; raqam-aiT&l. 
fied/ram artizana, chhauti. 
'ied from grain sellers, ect, chungi. 
esses^ baliiibachh ; abv&b ; ruqiim-i-8iv&. 
. a. b&chh, chandi, y& behil lag&u&. 
[on, n. ant; akhfr; itm&m; tawaqquf; 
r&o; iuqitae-harakat. [tafviz; tahviL 
it u. saimp ; supurdagi ; havalo^ ; den ; 
ol, n. paikhane kl moil; kQ|i; mail& 
me y& d&lne kl jagah ; chaubachcha. 
, n. (Pros,) sher men thaime ki maq&m ; 
im ; tbairao. 

a, n. pi. diidh pil&ne-v&ll machhlijai^. 
r.a.l. tfarm with rubbing^ malni; malish 
mal-kar garmi pah{lnch&n&; sail&na. 
At last, recovering heart, he does begin 
To rub her temples, and to chafn her skin. 

A\kir ho job hotk dyd tuJto, 
Maine lasfdjildo hanpoti ko. F. C. [bbark&ni. 
irritate, khisy&n& ; kbij&u& ; ros-dli&nS. ; 
Why do you chafe yourself so f Beaumont, 
hnd kyok Ui.ii karte ho T 
V. n. I. rage, tehll k.; lal pile h.; khafU, 
e, j& kbashm-n&k h. 2. (against), chhlU 
ghisna; ragar lagn&, }& jau&. 
a. 1. husks, bhOst; chhil^; subfits; cho- 

chh&nas; chhatan. 
Old birds are not caught with chaff, ProT. 
Sydnd kaved dam nuk nahik dtd, 
worllUess matter, bala bogm&; akhor; 
isphOs; fiizla; sufiil; mi^tl. ^. banter, 
I; tbatt ; phabtl; khurifat. 
r. a. ban^i, mazlU^, y& tbatt& k. [kal. 
atter, Ciiaff-engine, n. bhiis! nik&lne kl 
f V, n. sisak sisak-ke d&m lag&ui ; jhaga^ 
lol lena. 

or, u. takr&ri y& jhag^lfl g^hak. 
ch, 11. ek qism ki gane-v&ll cbi^ji. 
adj. (/Jot.) bhflse-dllr ; bhilse-si ; bhuslla. 
;-dis^ u. angitbi; baro^I; atisb-dilQ; 
rl. [dagl 

1, n. kbijavat ; jhanj ; izurdagi ; ranjl- 
1. [Fr. Cfidena, H. karyah links.] 
series of links, zaojlr; laf^I; sankal. 
Chains of gold are stronger than chainf of iron* 

Prov. Sone ke dgefanUd naram, 
[Zar didamj fauloff. naram, Prov.) 

(chains) bat-knri; bed; pai-ka^; jaul&n. 
measuring chain, jai!l»; aanjlr. 
ornament, to^ ; kardhani ; sikil ; sone, 
laud! HI zanjir. 5. series, t&r ; larf ; qat&r ; 
a. [zaiijlr; sulfl. 

for fattening a door, kundt; s&^Aal; 
h<mt*s chain, &adQ. Haka^na. 

T. a. I. bind, zanjir se biiiohna, y& 

2. ea</ao9, halqa ba-goah k.; gnl&m k.; 
baAdhv& ban&nft. [Prior. 

The monarch was ador«d, the people chained. 
Jtdjd jn^fe, parjd bandhe, 

d,giuxrd with a chain, sanjtr dllna; zanjir 
80 rokn& ; qaid L 4. unite strongfy, mazbut 
biftdhnS; jakafn&; kasni. [puL 

Ckain-brldgo, Suspension bridge, n. jbole ka 
Ckain-pnmp, n. sankal-rahat. 
Ciiainsbot, u. zanjiii-gol^ 
Oiiain-stitch, a zanjite-d&rsilaly&Unki. [ftsan. 
Oiiair, n. [H. chatJclA 1. kurbl; chauki; sukh- 
They may sit in the chair that have malt to sell, 
Prov. JUdlddr, kursl-nash^ 

2. seat of just '€% masnad; gaddl; kursl. 

3. presiding officer, mlr-m^jlis ; sadar- 
naahin; (Cor.) presiding. 

To take the chair. SadtM^noMni ^M h* 

4. (rails) sikh-joi*. 

Cihair, y. a. kandhe par charb&ye phim&. 
Ch airm a n, n. 1. (Cor.) president, mir-majlis ; 
sadr-nashin ; sar-pancb. 2. one wlio carries a 
chair, mabril ; kabir ; jhapp&ul ; kursi-bardar. 
Chairmanship, n. sadar-naisblul ; mlr-mt^'lisl. 
Chaise, n. ikka baggi ; ikki-g&p. 
Chalice, n. I. piy&la; j&m; k&sa; sftgar; t&a. 

2. (sacramental) arg&. 

Chalk, n. khafy&; Idiari-ma^tl ; chhol; dudhl- 

ma^tl; r&m-khall; gil-i-safaid ; gopT chandan. 

Talk of ehalkt and he hears of cheese. Pro v. 

Kaheh khet kl, sune khaiydn ki. Pro?. 

ehafk formation, kbary& k! tab. 

chalk or eretaeeous period, kha^ y& k& Bam&ua. 

not to know chalk from cheese, gadh& gbora ek 

samajbna; rQpe ral men bhed na j&niift. 
red chalk, gerfi. [malita, ya lagftuft. 

Chalk, y. a. 1 . rftb with chalk, kh<i^ya mattl 

2. mark, laklr k&f n& ; tike deu& ; laklrna. 
chalk out, rah yE tadblr nik&lna. 
Chalk-drawing, n. kbary&-cbltan. 
Coalkiness, n. kbaryi se musbabahat. 
Chalk-pit, n. kba^yi kl kiu. 

Chalky, adj. kbarya k&; dhauUL 
chalky cliffs, dbaule pabaf. 
Challenge, n. 1. (to combat) IfoflA y& muq&blo 
ko bulanH ; lalk&r. 2. (of a sentry) rok tok. 

3. (In Law) iukar; eteris; uzr. 
Challenge, y. a. 1. call to ccmhat, Inral m&Ag- 

n& ; muq&bala cb&hD& ; tokn&. 2, (as a sentry) 
tokni. 3. object to, uzr k. ; nH-manzOr k. 

Chalybeate, adj. lobft-mila ; lob-mel ;&ban-amez. 

Chamber, n. [Fr. camera. Per. chambar vault.] 

1, apartment, kamra; bujra; kothil; 

ko(b&; cbaubari. [ProT. 

A chamber of sickness !s the chapel of devotion. 
Blmdr ki khidmatgoyd Khudd ki ibddat. 

2. compartment, gbar ; darjab; kb&na. 3. {of 
a gun) kothi ; khazana. 4. cot^rf of Justice, adi- 
lat; mahkaina; nyao-gbar. [sharlk-kamrab. 

chamber fellow^ bam-kamrab; bam-kh&na; 
chamber of commerce, saud&garoii kl jamEat. 



chamber of sorrow, krodh-grah; shok-ghar, y& 

bhavan; gatn-kadah ; ro^t&m-sai&. 
chamber window, kamre kl khifki. 
a private chamber, khilwat-gah ; khilwat-khana. 
; leasure chamber, raAg-mahal. 
Ciiamber-oonncil, n. khan^I mashvarat. 
Ciiamber-counsel, n. salah-kar; khftngl, jt 

salahi vakil. 
Chambdr-hangiiigpsi, n. kamre ke parde. 
Chambering, u. khanah-b&z!; kutnmb-j&i I. 
Ciiamberlain, n. 1. hSjib; afsar-i-ala. 2. divftn. 
CiLambor-maid, n. &}*& ; mami ; naukar ; tahl- 

ni ; tablvl ; dad& ; d9.L 
Chamber-pot. n. hajatl ; mQt-patr. 
Chamber-practice, n. vak&lat k& vobkamjo 

ghar baithe ho sake. [chh&l&. 

Chamois-leather, n. hiran kl khal; sabar ; mirg 
Ciiamomile, n. babuna. 
chamomile flowers, gul -i -babuna. 
Champ, y. chabuS. ; chaban&. 
champ vp, chabii dllnl; cbaba-kar tnkre tukre k. 
To champ upon the bit. DahAaa c'hshnd. [kin. 

Champagne, n. {Cor,) sh&mpfti, simkln, sham- 
Champaign n. maid&n ; chaurft. 
Champerty, n. rauqaddama is shart par leni 

ki digil kil kiichli hissa vakil ko mile. 
Champion, n. sHr-blr; bah&dur; pahalv&n; 
jodh&; mal; gazi-mard. [Shah, 

A stouter champion never handled sword. 
h bahddur it bofh-kar ibiff ne tafvdr nahlh ehal(U 
A champion for the truth. 1. ffaq kd hdmf, 
2. Sach parjdn denevdla. 

Championship, n. s&rblrtai; bahadun; pahal- 

w&ni; jodha-pan. 
Chance, n. 1. accident, san-jog; ittifaq; bhavi; 

bbavl-bhut; ishwar-gat. 

Chance is a dicer. Prov. Sanjog pdid hai. 

2, fortune, bhag ; lilat ; karam ; qismat ; 
nasib; pialabd; taqdir; maqsum. 

He looks to the main chance. 
Prdlabd par baithe haih. 

3. opportunity, niauqa ; ittifUq ; dhab ; 
banao ; banak ; sanjog. 

There is chance in tlie cock's spur. Prov. 

Jphab bane kl bat hai. 

chance blow, ittifaqi sadma; alal-tappu, ya 

sanjog chot. 
by chance, as chance toould have it, ittifaqan ; 

nag&h ; anchitte ; yQuhi ; qazaril. 
game of chance, qistnat-bazi ; qismat-azmal ; 

pralabd larua. 
to have a chance, mauqa banna ; dhab banna. 
It chanctth in an hour that comes not in seven 
years. ^ Shak. 

Ek f/harl meh hove jo idt baras men na hove. 

Chance, adj. sanjogi; ittifaqia. 
chance-comer or quest, aya gaya. 
chance-meeting,\tt\(si(\ifi mulaqat; sanjog-bheuta. 
Chancellor, n. qa/I-ul-quzzat; raj-pandit; dS,na- 

chancellor of the exchequer, dlv^a-i-khalisa; 

mohtamimi-ala khazana-i-shahi. 
Chancellorship, n. olvanl. 


Chance-medley, n. ittif)^ya lar&I. 
Chancery, d. sadar-divatii ad&lat; hai kort. 
Chancre, chat; tlluki; nasilr. 
Chandelier, n. shishe kl jh&r ; jh&r. 
Chandler, n. 1. manufa^^.turer or dealer in 
candles, shama-saz ; battl-wil& ; battl-farosb. 
2. {In camp,) farosh. a com chandler, galla- 
Change, v. a. 1. alter, badaln&; adia-badll k. ; 
badl&nll ; tabdil k. ; tagaiyur k. 

Can the Ethiopian change his skin? 

KahUh Htbthi bid gore hni haih T 

{Koil hoe na ujri nau man sdban Idi. Prov.) 

I have since changed my mind. 

Jab sc merd irddah badal gayd. 

2. sxihstUutef palata& ; paltiL L ; badal k. ; 
mub&dala k. 

I am weary of th!« moon ; would he would 

ckMige, Shak. [kahik/ 

It ehdhd tejl bhar gayd, ah kdth wok hedU 

3. (money), bhuiiia& ; tur&aa ; khurda k. ; 

bhtijanil; bhunj&ni. 

To change a rupee. Rupaya bhundnd. 

change a horse, ghorH badalna ; ghof e kl badll k. 

Change, v. n. badia h. ; palatuE; badal jaoi; 

pal t& kh&ua ; badalna. [Prov. 

' Women, wind, and fortune are ever changing, 

Tiryfij bdo, aur Lachhmi, yeh tinoh ntihik thir. 

Change, n. 1. alteration, badal; tabcilil; tabad- 

dul; palat; phof'phar; tagaiyur; farq; 


Four bells admit twenty-four changes in rinffing. 
Bajne men chdr ghanioh ke chaubu badal hotc naih, 

2. exchange, adla-badll ; mubadala. 

3. small change, rez-gari ; khaiij. 

4. novelty, nal-halat ; tabdil ; iiiqilab. 
change for (he better, achchl.I sftrat ya halat; 

behtil ; din pbirn&. 
change of fortune, qismat ya dinou ka pher. 
ch'inge of gooirnment, tabcill-i-saltauat, ya 

change of motion, chal palat ; tabdil-i-harakat. 
change of opinion, tabdil-irae. [dili. 

change of seasons, rut-badal ; mausam ki tab- 
change of the moon, chand badal ; cband ki 

ghatHo barhao. 
dealer in small change, khurdiya; khurda- 

farosh ; sarraf ; kain"! paisevala. 
Changeability, n. talawun-mizajl; haft-rangi; 

be-sabati ; dhil mil yaqinl. 
Giangeable, adj. 1. capable of change, qabil- 

i-tabdil ; palat-joiz ; tabdil pizir. 

2. af/pearing different, guna-gfln; haft- 
rangl ; bahQ-rangI ; bu-qalmun ; bahrupyi. 

3. inconstant, gairmustaqil ; be-sabat; 
mutlavvin ; dhil mil ; athir. 

changeable as the moon or a weathercock, tball k& 
baigan ; ghari men tola ghari men mashi. 

Changeableness, n. be-sabat I; talavvun; haft- 
rangi; bul-hawa.'^ I. [kuchh. 

Changefal, adj. athir; kabhi kuchh, kabhi 

His course had been changeful. Motley. 

Uike dhahg kabhi kuckh the, kabh kachh. 




Lnj, n. 1. ehildf badl&-hu& la^ka. 

7aperer, badlQ ; khodltL 

.n. 1. n\\^; nail; dii&iii; soU; sarUl; 

2, medium, Hh; rasta; tail|; sabll; 

; vasila; zarya; v&stah. 

Geog ) kh&il ; khalij. 

nsl, 1. manjh-dh&r. 2. blob k& rftsta. 

•Jiannel, p&iii ka rasta k&tna. 

dy (Bot,) dh&ri dar ; nahar-dar. 

r. a. [chdeh chOehy hdh ha^ to sing 

i] 1. to sin^f gaai; git g&iil; al&pu&. 
\ie cheerful birds, of sundry kinds, do ehani 

sweet rauaie. Spenter. 

kdiU hk^t he pancKkX apn\ opnl holl holte haih, 
ymnsj lae se parhQ& ; nirt k. ; rijb^Qa. 
le birds chant melody on every bush. Skak, 
aJahl pakherU pdt pfit par rat Irl boU hokh. 
hymns f bbi\jaQ gani. 

[Skr. gdyanay A. gind siaging] 1. song, 
it; bbajan. 2. twing, gbuaghun&bat. 

n. gavai j& ; kalwvat. [sabab-kbwan. 
Mr, n. kiiiLkaf ; marg ; inarg-i-sabar ; 

lin thi4 homestead lived, without a peer, 
crowing loud the noble chanticleer, Dryden, 
xurg thd khaeh-navd makdn mek, 

na tha jitkd hU jahdh meh. F. C. 

If n. lae se pa^hni. 

o. kbaaq&h ; dbarmsalft. [haytlU. 

I. I. unorganized, matter, m&dda-i- 
isTrder, gadtnad; gb&l-mel; abtarl; 
ni barb ami. [bam ; misl buyflUU 

adj. gadmad; gb&l-mel; darbam-bar- 
eap, dher ; atala ; todab ; arob&r. 

0. pbatnE. [i-&dml ; bbal& m&nas. 

1. jaw, jabra ; jabir&. 2. fellow, mard 
>a are a fine chap (or fellow). 

iia bhl achchhe log ho, 

I. cbboUL girj&. [a karne-y&Ii. 
If n. kuari aurat ki mub&fiz j& cbauk- 
U V. a. cbauk&I j& bif&zat k. 

)IL, adj. raunb latkae y& lacb&tf ; shar- 

b ; sar-nigOn. 

., n. padri. 

cy, n. padri Id jagab, y& &8&mT. 

II. [Lat. caput, H. kapdt the bead]. 

^or tfie head) sebra ; b&r. [Dryden, 

ith chaplett g^reen upon their forehead placed. 
s phahh kd tekrd tohe. 

79arp, m&lS.; tasblh; sumami. 

irch,) lattQ. [ley&. 

i. D. g&bak; kharid&r; mushtarl; mol 

n. I, (of a book) b&b; addhyi; ad- 

[ant tak. 
I the end of the chapter. Bdh he akhlr yi 

EccL) p^drion ki majlis. [samub. 

(rf aeciderUe, majmCLa-i-h&ds&t; biti- 
* of the quran, surat. 
house or room, n. p&drion ki majlis. 
roxiaadari kam. 
hen thou hast done this char, 
give thee leave to play. Shak. 

b ttl yeh kdm har Ugd iyjhe khdne ki chhuUl 

a. jbulasaft ; jal&Qi ; bhulasnft. 

Char, r. [Skr. kri, P. kdr, H. kar do] roziiia- 
d&ri par k^m k. ; lAm pHrfL k. y& bbugt&ua. 
That char is charred, as the good wife said 
when she had hanged her husband. Prov. 
Nek-bakht ne jab khoMam ho mSrd, boll *kdm ah 
band hamSrd.* 
Character, n. 1. etamp, m%rk, chinb; nish&a; 
nisblni ; al&mat. 2. letter, figure, sign, auk ; 
&nk; hindsa; akshar; barf. 

^. distin'Uive qucUitMs, BiihhAo; gun; kb&- 

siyat; khaslat; sirat. 4. decided qualities, 

kb&ssa; khusCLsyat; aookhapan; nir&l&-paD. 

He ha^ some character. Ue nuh htkcKh kkdtea hoi. 

5. coudu^, cb&l chalaD ; taur tarlqa ; vaza ; 
rang dhang ; ravaiya ; bart&o. 

He gives him a bad character. 
Woh u$e burd battdtO hai. 

6. good qualities, nek-uami; nam. 
He beurs a good character. 

Unhi bdt banl-huX hai. 

7. (tn a «fory) ikka; fard; ajUba; {in a 

play) swing; naqi; tamiisba. 

To assume or represent a character, 
JUp yd bhet bharnd ; bahrUp gdhthnd. 

8. certificate, neknami ki chittbi ; sanad- 
i-liyaqat ; sanadi-khiishnCldi-i-mizaj. 

9. competency, baisiyat ; adbk&r ; ikhtyir. 
In his official character. 

Apne ohde h haisiyat te. 
a had character, bur& a ImT ; bad ma&sb ; G. G. 

im aisumed character, banavat; dikb&va; tasan- 

no; lifafa; qalai. 
Characteristic, n. kb&ssa ; kbusOsiyat ; gun. 
Characteristic, adj. roukbUis; jog. [masbbark. 
Characteriie, v. a. makbsQs k. ; u§Lm deua ; 
Charade, n. ek pabeli jiski bajh ek lafz ke 

tulqfe jo^ne se nikalti bai. 
Charcoal, n. lakri ka k«)eli; koeljL 
Charge, n. 1. custoe^y, supurdagi; havala; 

tabTil; rakhvili; simme-v&ri; ebtimam; 


*Tis a great tharge to come under one body's 
hand. SheJc 

Ek ddmi se Unl nmmS'ftdri kab ho sakti hai t 

2. charge, hukm ; iggya ; farmiu ; irsbad. 

3. commission, mansab; ikbtvir; adbldlr. 

4. person or thing entrusted, sbakbs y& 
shaS supordab ; aminat. 

5. business, kar; kam; adbk&r; k&r mu 
favvazab 6. accusation, nalisb; ilzim; illat. 

7. exhortation, Biki^^; bidayat. 

8. cost, l&gat; kbarob; mol; qimat; dim. 
His charges are moderate. 

Woh vdjH ddm Ut/I hai. 

He bailt it at his own charge. 

Us ne ise apni girah se bandyd. 

9. o^^odE^ obarb&i;'dbawi; htlli; hamla; 
faig-kasbi. 10. crirne, ilzin; illat. 

charge of a gun, birfld ; kirttU. 
contingent charges, siir kbarcb. 
extra c^uzrgs, ttpri, fUlttl yi zayad kbarcb. 
false eharga, jbatf-nillsh ; jhOt& ilz&m; mit- 
thyi bid. 






m 4harg% ikbtjir noA; bariUitjIr. 
m 0n^* tkoiftf kill ke ikbiiyir meiL 
Mkdtf VMT ekmtf0f klm MmftpDi jt tapnid k. 
' €aie eharfe «/, apne ehtemlm yt tahTil me& 

fakboK; kirftoat me& raklini;, Sipixe siiunit 

lent; apne adhkir me& rakluii. 

l9 make a ^harge^ hilUl.L ; db&yft k. 

to Mtfiitf « 'Charge, hilU bdnft. 

CluiXg6|y. a. 1. &iy«rm|^i9fi|dlianil(;^llli&, 

2.>&{, bkanii; ^ilnft. 

Tkt cIou4« an «iUwy«{ with dUeMflttj. 
AbfaZ 69140 Mofv Am M*. 

3. Uf<rtf9^, lau&piii; saparcL yft havilek. ; 
tah^ mei& daaft;. i. a^M, tlkld k.; hidft* 
jat k.; iggyft yft hukm k«; Inhtd k. 

6. (ar a liur) dharnt; UgtiA; klAdhnft. 

6. (Of a <ieM) kiAb yi kahl mdk likhoft 

Sehafbinft. 7«««ipifie» uabftt L^ taalluq 
; muttabim k; lagftidL, 

8. /Md (m a ^imX bhanA;|hi8ii&; |bAailL 

9. r%9k mfw^ hilli k.; dhivi k.; hanli 
1c;okafhiIk,; faol-kasblk. 

ekarge in tmm^ liyidak dim leai; bafMl dim 
l«ui^ barbtf leni. 

CauTgMUe, adj. linune^r; qtbiM-mtthtU 
Ckltfga^AlOrinii a. ekshl; dflt; madirvt 
mab&oL [P^i^ gh0|ft. 

ChATger, n. Mft-jaog \k gborft; twraog; bl^; 

And furious every fkaa^wr neigML (kmiftM, 
Zage tab jnnffi gkoft AinAtndM. 

Clunrget, n. kharcba^ akhr&jat; mot&lba. 
ojflce chmrgeif daftar kt kharch; akhr^^t-i- 

kachabrL fyat se. 

ChaTtty, ad¥. bMbyM se; cbauksl se; kift- 
€iiariii6B3, n. hesby&ii; ktTyl&-pan; ^haoktl; 

Ohasdatf d. [Sr. r^r, TL dM morel glxi; rath. 
First moved the ekmrioUi siter Wkoa tke foet. 

JKy« ekali raik,pif4, piMtekaUpMiSmL 

Charioteer, n. ratb-b&n ; g&r?-b&n ; 8&rthL 
Chiuritable, a4|< I« benevolent, kliair ohibne- 
V&1&; khi»r-khw&b; aek; bka]&; nek-uTyat 
A Charitable ntsn w the true lover of God. Prov. 
Z/pkAri, dkarmm^4kdH, Prov. 

A CharUable nan gives evi-ei 4die door« tmi<Mi 
puts iaet tke window. IVov« 

jlkUdr dew dar pe, amr dAUk'^me atidar, 

2. {giving (Ami) ^%XIL\ khali-fttl/ mukbai- 
jar; punyitnii, 

3^. lUeralmindedy darjl-dil; (falyllz ; muasif. 
aharitaUe dUpeneary, khairiti sbafa-kbina. 
Charitably, adv. mebrlt&ui ae^ lLrip& Be« 
Charity, a. {A. titmitfU] 1. iene¥9lene€y bhal&I; 
nek'iilati; kh«dr4diw&hi; sakhilvat. 
To buy^earisno ekarMif. 
MakAgA 4MrUn€ hnckk takkdvat ntMh hmi. 

% <dms^ <l&a; pua; Bad&«bart; laagar; 
cak&t; khair&t; bela ; bar. 

CkarUif Regies et home. Prov« 

AvvoZ kkak^ b^d'hM darvefh. P. Prov. 

<i ndkd kdhU sXirsi, apnok iU fte ds. ) Prov. 

vat; fiityU; imif. 

The hk^eet esMrebe of ehttrfif^eftmUnr^ 
WMdii the anohariUUe. ' SmShmbmt. 
Mwft k0 9Mk ftAoldr hamUf edm MelA ML 
To 1» pk^ ke pkul kaik, M l» JM^ MniL 
For tborps that pi:^ fiaU eofs do yoa hoi 
flowers eet» - [more ioweia hege^) 

Hie thorns Shiv'e trident beer, rour wmwn 
The dUfJCMt thi* eoothei sad h«a^ airf blem. 
Are aosttersd at the feet ei neglihe Bf i mmU i 

/{» M&M* ii AarteC e CnM^ alfllAi Msti^ 
ffaikkakHjttiupkaiwok ituM hi j»f tele F.a 

dharanx-aili, kbahAt4lAu^ aip«tlilyTag;aua. 
ckmrUy tijs— ^W, - - dWi we W y^^^mi; fukpon kt 

paH; baehofaejokhairlitsaplla^UtaL 
AaarUy garh^ kbaixtti kaipfe; pim-baatr. 
Parity Umdi^ kmdi amigiuA fit ikariMU 
purpotet^ Urmhotar; dyottiar; faiahA-fclt; 
piria; krUhn-ir-pan; aimroa; fiMjUa. 
ckirity 9dtool, khairtti maktab yl ttiadraaa. 
sitUrM 4^ ekarUyy dbdMs b^yUj bjUu 
Chtxiwi, su meakhara akhb&r. {bhagalyi. 
Chftiflfttan, n. stn; abn-haldm; banivatli 
ChArlea*-wain, n. aaptwfat; dubb4«Uia^ 

girdiaak; khatolE; Uahti-i-niai. 
ChinBi xu {Skr. karm ttoiA AnP ta do.] 

l.amagie epett, jidtt; mamtarj; te(ki; 
jldAtonl; mflth; aihr; eliriUK 
S. etmulet, t&wb; gaiid&; jantr. 
3i. faaeimmtionf mob; fareftagL 
The ckamm of beauty. Farek 4 k rnn. [so«LI%fa 
Ckttrwu striiie the sight, but merit wins the 
€khab ckkaU mtkkiydh, gum, kmre kiyi. 
Cham, V. a. 1. in/luenee magicaily^ jidtt y& 
$oiii k.; j&da chalftni y& pbenkni; jidt yi 
mantar phthnkna; mantr pa^bna; tiwla d.; 
mtlth mimi; pujyi pheokni; urad nArai; 
burki dUni. 2. /oMtnate, mob leoi; mobui; 
mohnrk.; mohit k. ; farefba k.; lubhini; 
dil leni; ishiq bananft; mafUln k. ; abeflt'a k. 
Muaie the fienoest grief «aa 4!kaniL PipL 

Mdg ranj ko kk%l-eid kmL 
They on their mirth and dance inteat* 
With jocund music cAarst his ear. MiitwL 
Wok maarltf f#i ittf cA r<Ag mek jo the, 
Rijhdyd eun& ri.ymakgal «se. F. C. 

Charmer, n. L emkatUer^ jidt.-gar; mantri; 

tonhi; sahir. 2. {^>eioved ene) maa-mohan; 

maA-haran; mehni-^Urat ; oliit-oher; jin; 

jani; dil-nibi; dil^bar; nizoln; aanam. 
Charming, adj. sohioni; mobni; rijUifl; dil- 

Tubi; dil-slTee;dil-fareb; fu8an-838.[cbbab se. 
Charming^, adv. rijhivat se; naz se; adi se; 
Gharnel'heiue, n. harvA^; marghat; murd- 

ghatti; qabar; turbab. 
Charry, adj. ko8H-*. 
Cnort, n. [Lat. eharta, A. qirtde paper] 

1. marine map, daryiyi samandar ke kinl- 
i:^ ki naqsha ; naqaba-i-sabil ; naqsha-bahri. 

2. deedy likhat; likhtam; lekb; dast-ives. 
globular ckeirty gole ki naqaha. 




jtlaiu ekort, Daqsha-inustaTl. 
tapojrafltieal chart, chhoti jagah lA naqihft. 
ChtttCTi n. 1. deed of grant, aanad; ahd- 

■Amft; pktti; hiU-nSma; ndhkkr-patr. 
3. (/rOBi Um kinjf) Aj-patri; niud; 

p&rrina; altamga, [istehq&q. 

3. priniege, adhkli; haq; ikhUjftr; 

4. (.Va<(^.)Jabid iqr&r-nimi. 
Qxrter, t. a. 1. ettablUA bj/ charter, sanad d. 

5. a «Atp, jahb kirftif par den&. 

A ihip thirUnd lot » vofua to Cileutta. 
Jai4* KalkatU tak if iakrl tafar in Urdf drjd. 
'P^tJt n. jahlii iqrtr-ii&m&. [yifta. 
adj . 1. jn-on^iAJ tvif A a i^r<«r, sanad- 

orttrcd oompADj. /nmJdt-i-Mnn't-yfftaA. 

S. frivUeged, it-ikhtiy&r ; adhlArl. [adhkSr. 

~"~ n. diTi ikhtiy&r-i-maaivl; Allt. U 

■, a. dia kl luukar; ros par k&m 

kune-T&lL [shar. 

(knj, adj. ot kanift-TilE; kii^jBtl; lufiiyat- 

Tbit diariM maid in prodigkl aaoug^ if ibe 

aninuk h*r buatj to tha mooD, Slat. 

Jotkhar iMx ofHia moA ke dUJiiyt, 

Ta hoMkordi maJtr^ iw gaij ek luUgi. F. C. 

Hm riug npatatioB mado blm mora eharg of 

hi* bma. J^rtf- Jokjok ntm iarkid gagi 

wwk qp^ (AoAral ^ pit if i d ah tan* lagt. 

aULM,T.a. 1. Aunf, shikirk.; aherni; &khet 
k. ; aaid k. S. purwue, pIchlA k. ; piehhe^ 
nft; ngediA; khaderns; talqqub k. 

Ouua, T. a. khodnl ; kanda k. (Eaohaae). 

Aim, □. [It. eaeeiare, from Lat. eaptare, H. 
pakdf seue.] I. hunting, shik&r; aher; 
lkhet;aaid. BeasU of cA(u«. Shikari j&Hvar. 

2. pvrtmt, pIchhA ; taiqqub. S. ^omt 
lamled, ahikSr, 4. hunting ground, ahik&r- 
glh; ramai; mirg-BaU. fi. {Print.) fiurai. 

mm if a jrwa, nil ; nftIL 

Chanif n. [Lat. eAtuma, Per. cAaa&nta an 

•ffllet.] daitr; darz; chik; shi^f ; rakhnL 
Auwvr, Q. flipibi; sartr. 
CfeHts, adj. aftft Bad; patl-briti; {Ak; pftk- 

diman; |AkIxa; p%rs&; asmatT&lI; aflfah. 

A ola«<< >ja eiilfl* Itoantloui toolii, Prov. 

m nomr tc (Jainc Aur[ wnor hoJI* 'Wr MJbl. 

OMtelf, adv. pikliagi ae ; pnvitr-til ee. 
Chutrai, 1. a.>rr«cf, tl>Ik y& darost k.; 
■udliini& ; gosbmill d. ; (k^ilb k. ; hu& d. 

3. purify, Dafs mbui ; indri baa k. ; tap 
^ t«pub/i k. ; jog BadhnL {aaSroL 

"W| T. a. saai d. ; sjisat k.; tafao k.; 

Paraota thou Id eha&tite aod cnrrect their 
ohildreo. Vi/idain ka ajnti budttkoh M 
Uda awr pofinOJf kanl AShi^ 

He that eiattutUi one, ameadeth numj. Prtrr. 

TarH mira, TAA UftpA ProT. 

■MMnt, n. mtr ; saii ; goah-m&U ; kan- 
aintbi ; tifan ; Utir ; ahlsaQ ; thonkthUk. 
I h>TB bcnw akufumenC, I will not offand 

taj mote. Mam iw tazi poH, pfur qvtbr 


Oartitj', Cautman, n. 1 . purity, aamat; iffat; 

ptrdl; ^-dimaoTj pftkbagl; aat; t^irat 

Chattibf OBM Uraiahad, o«n ba teatorad br no 

art. gmdlg*jaUk4ig*. PMr. 

(y«bA nU kot ■»& UflH jaUA a*mt act 
<% Ayd. Frov.) 

2. freedom from obteaiitp, tafU; jrilkl; 
P&klugl; Bbkistagl; sbuat^. 

C.ioMlitg ot laagiuga. SAduto^waMn. 
Cliat, T. u. bat cbit k. ; be-takalluf gnftgfl k. 
Cbat, CMt, Chmt, n. [H. ehat a Bound] bU chit ; 
boll chili ; gap-Bhap. 

Sniiff or the fan lupplien aaoh pauas of dot. FroT, 
Jab iaUi thamit hai* la paniia M yi huUi. [kot. 

ChM.tnn,n. [H. tot a fort] qila ; garhi; mahal; 
Giatelain, t&gfi ; i&g^ ; kardhanl 
CiuUtflli, n. cliltbast; aabib; bastu; ashyK; 
ajnM; mil-o-matA ; at'ill; mil-o-amwiil ; 
jiSd&d-maDqQla ; atihjaii-manqQla ; aaiaa ; 
badhnkborij'a; latapaiQ; auga^-k hangar. 
Qutttsr, T. n. 1. talk idly,ha.^batiai; gap 
biokni ; ba^ m^rni ; bakvid k, ; bakv&s k. ; 
baknii ; bak bak k. ; ratnL 2. (the teeth) kat- 
katini ; kark aftal.; (diAt) bajiA i dagdagkni. 
With ckatUriaff taath and biutling hair up- 
right. Shak. 
Dfit b<^m lagt, mar rflhgtt Uart ita gat. 
ehaUer (at a monkey), kilkil&oi; kikjfnt; 

Cauttor, n. ofaaf cba^; chat oha^; kat kat; 
tenten ; kilkU&hat; kicbki^fthat;gftp; gap- 
shap; ba^. 
Qutterbax, Cluttarer.n. HtftQl; gappt; bakkl. 
Chattf, adj. tdUOnl ; bisy&r-go. [ohigalDi. 

CiiAW, CUuw, T. a. [H. ekab] cbibn&; chabtiia; 
CbMp, adj. aasti; aast-iaoli otr-ki; kam 
mol ka; arzin; kam-qimat; kamkbarch; 
balks mol ki; mande bb&o ka; kamtl 

The ekt^ buyer take* had meat. ProT. 

DJmiide }o mil tattA, pBvt tharSbkiatla. 

(Ufakhgi rove ek bar, tatUrovt Ur kdr. Pttiv.) 

Cheap aw) niaty. Pro*. Sa^a, kkarAb khmta. 

(JirlH to-iOtft. P. PruT.) 

Where there are ■ great many aellera to a faw 

bnyera, there the thing to ba anld will bo 

efitep. Loike. [icoAM atOl toMA. 

Jahih teAne-reU ioJUc aw lem'taU kam, 

Aeap a* dirt, or dog cheap, matt! ke mol ; 

kAiiriyoa ke mol ; pint ka molnA. 

lo hold cheap, T. a. haqlr ji adn& Bamajhiii ; 

qadar na k. ; khay&l iia k. ; mitti sa[n.ijhtia. 

CiuapOB, V. a. 1. bargain, mol k. y& chuk3[i&; 

dim ji bhil') k. ; qlmitt ohiikliia ; mulanK, 

To ab"pa JD CTowdi the daggled fenulan fiy, 
Pretend to eitapen gi«d», but mlbing buy. Sir^ 
Jhsndjhu'id tar Uri^h tdrl daurm hit Ixijdr, 
MoliolloiaiUfaMieii.UrtAtlcttabtr. F. C: 
2. beat down, mol jtbaUnS; dam tuitnA. 
ChBiplj, adv. aasta; ardfi ; DModL 
Ciieftpneu, n. 8.istAi; ar^ui ; karo-qimatL 
Qtsat,T.a. [H..jatndti> eaten] tiMf-nlioWiaint; 
daga d.; dam d; Jul d'.: bili. baHiil; 
jb&Asad.; butt& dena; dhoki d. ; jattil, 
CkMt, T. n. kbntJu k. ; b«-lin&nl k. ; daglr 

ChBat, n. 1. impoitwt, dam ; jldoBi; dbaki; 
jot ; chbat ; butti; dbauna. 

GHE .] 

5. oMwAe ehm**, ebiuijl; dhanfliiji; 
dhot;dhokft-blii digft bii; (hag; d^pl* 
likrebl ; wijtvi ■^•mkr. 

Cha«tim)[,D.thk|}-biddyK; ftl-cuikl ; nhhal-bal ; 
dagl^b&il ; dhoH-dihl ; tlugU ; dual-fiuftl ; 

CkMk, V. a. 1. ruiraiH, rokid ; tlAmni; thfti- 
tbdlfttkiiiKjbanil k. 

3, {ok «m/), rafl k. ; buid k. ; dftr k. 

1. reproM, ^tul; ^kpntnl; (okBl; nr- 
nniah k. ; ghu^akuk ; ghq^fa d. ; maUaut ^ 

4. fteoMiit' OK aeeoiaU, jlAobnl ; pxfOlidt^ 
millot; bidh milLoi; imtebia k.; jUA 
losl; maqtbiUk.; ■afibhlliA 

To Atdc »ii aoeaant EitUjakdat yi f tf Ui 'M. 

6. {m (A«h) kisbt 1 ; ahkb d. 

4. licfc </, nuhlD k. ji diliA ; ■nld k. ji 
likhtA ; jUa UgliA. 

Tb etoat tha itMtti in • UIL 

PiMwb M raqwuk ^^Mbt. [rok bfl**- 

<U!t induttrg, paidivkd, hir& ^ t|^t pa 

(&Mk, a. 1. rMfroiJif, rok ; atkto ; ftnuAdb; 

Ef; tok ; buidbej ; mudhamAt; miunl- 

luuit { abt ; d&bio ; imitUd ; qild. 

2. Jm Aett), kUht ; ■bih. 

To gin a ei«L (CSiMt) Slat dtML 

3. (eblA) ohftr-kh&ua ; ihakkai^pii^ 

4. M OMONntf , jUoh ; ' pHttll ; ma<^bl« 
mm imteh&o. 5. &(ft, bandl ; flp ; ntqq*; 
ohik i biL 6. a marl, nishln ; alftmftt ; raid. 

Cksek-olnk, n. pBTUll;& ; liiUb kl pa; tU kftr- 

CkMk-mate, n. abah-nilt ; kiabt-tnSt 

CkMkwr, Cltflqnw,v.a.&i« lAth dllnl yftkfaeiiioh- 

nl ; shatntnj ke bjs&t kl m&aind raAg ba- 

laiig k. ; chtr-kb&na jl abakkar pl.n ba- 

nlDi ; chuuk pQrut ; dnruD^ k. ; cbap, 

ablaq ji> aHri haiAu&; ba-qalaiuOA k. ; n&n 

barangfi baiiLuE. [lindgL 

a Aequered U/e, bylt-i-bflqalamOA ; burf bball 

Cheeksr 'board, n. abatraiij kl tnes ; takhta-i- 

iiard ; bia&L [rukbdr ; uAr. 

ChMk, n. [Skr. kapot] 1. gil ; kall& ; kapo] ; 

2. *liare, biiig ; bakhia ; bUsa. 

All to bii own duti. Sab^ntliitittt, 

3. unptuienee, sbokhl ; gaatlkbl. 
eKeel by, jowl, p&s [As ; lAt sit ; Kamrlb. 
rotythteked, lili-rukh ; gnl-uiir, 
Clisek-bima, n. ^I kl had^ 
Cheek-tooth, n. d'<rb ; jfcfh. [thapakDi. 
Cheep, T. a. ohepn& ; puchk&nit ; piiob^rl d. ; 
Cheep, V. n. ohaA ohafi k. ; chIA ohifi k. 
Cheer, II. ^Sp. eara. Per. r}uihi-& the coUDtsD- 

ance.] I. tpiHtt, chuhal ; cbahal-pahal ; 
tinda-dill; khiuh-tabHl; khuBbmiEljl 

I h»e Dot tkkt BlacritJ of apiiiti, [Slut, 

Nor cktir ol mind that I wm iroiil to luia. 
Ab hihoii Aot leok jotK-i-tindak-dttl, 
Khiuk miiA/ijo nujk mek paUt MI t P. C, 

2. entertainmeTil, bhcjan; kldnt ; tanlco; 
lijtfat ; s&mkn-i-d&Tat. 

Suialt chttr tad grtnt weleoma. Umlc. 

»2 GHE 

jr<a UH* Ut Ittktt kaL Pr«r. 

Wli«ij(dod«UriilMUi« ow ftted* MB 
_ banakbf. mm. 

if« aUff, McU fifM. .. ftpi. 

S. gy pl aii W t jaiklrft; 4b irtdt;. ififo; 
gnnbid; tabila; nuuiwbl. 

Pita ftnf I jgifclrJ Am. 
Cheer, t. a. 1. gladttai, dil jl, jt bahUiA; Jl 
khuahk.; praaank. t.tiMwvf, SH be^i^- 
id ; hinmiat bal^dhliA 

To dlMT hnoad* In a chase. 

KM* Ice MitrktfiieMu lathkSma. 
i. eoMfi>H, diUm d.; dliiras d.; taMUf 
d. ; taabaffl d. ; taakln d.'; khstir-jama kl 
ditjamal k. ; tblk. ; tar-o-tazil k. ' ' 

TlMproodhatiOMd, thspeniunt he e(«fW. 

1 ^vptaud, rth Mb k.; riobldil <»; 

kaiaar tboktd; kfitt k. i ^ 

<o dugf itjttbtvf good eA«*r, t. n. jt aa hllUt^ 

faimoat bUdhuk; badiebbh h. ; iMgaa h, 

GUerer, n. dll-baUlo; ankh-dU; tijbk; Inaa. 

dl; fivbatbakbah ; taaUu-bakkab ; taiifltn«h. 

BdSton if lb* gwa U tt nvIiw i4 OabMt 

and ilw«' of Uw apiriU. 

GBw*lfiil, Oheeif, a^j. baahshiih; ahU; afaiid- 
mka; dil-abkd; liadaHlil; maoaii. 

A many hiut makatli a ektmpd nnnnf^ann 
Pn>T, BnA^t U lonMMk «Mra. 
CheerfhllT, CheeiU J, adv. kbiuhl ee; dilae; 
dil de-ke; abauq ae ; air-UkhnA ao; ba aar-o- 
chaabm; bit-dil-u-jlu ; jl j&n ae. 

Ha baua hii miifortuDei c\ter/iUlf, 
Wok AoAri UmU iipM jiulu kmi. 
Cheerftllneaj, u. liuda-dill; khuab-tabal; pra- 
aantli; kbuahl; kbuabl-o-kburramlibaihahi- 
ahl; ahldtnlDL 
Oheerleai, adj. udia ; aun ; be-raunaq ; noblt ; 
; maiida ; murda. [S,p«aMr. 

Iff ohMrfuI d» u turnad to eimrUi* aighk 
Jbumd ka din dutk tlrOtliCfai. 
Gheeileiineii, n. aanu&U; be-raunaqI;siuU; 

mnndT^i; ud&d. 
-jeeie, n, [Lit. eatetu H. Mb cord] panlr. 
two wkole fhetta, du chaktl paiilr, 
Cheei»>mlte, u. pauIr ka kirL 
OheeM-monger, n. panlr-faroeb. 
Caeeie-preu, n. pauIr kl afcnohl ji ahikanjl. 
Qjteeie paitog, n. ohhiiit ohbont; kit-chhlAf; 

ibbU chhkl ; qaU burid ; Ukhflf; kliiaaat. 
Cheete rennet, n. p!intr-tD&v&. rbakivaL 

Chef n. aardkr; chaudliil; (cook) nuib-dir; 
Chef d'ffiilTTS, n. umd& k&m. 
Cheiroptera, a. chamgldaToA kl qiam. 
Chelonia, u. kachbron ki qism. 
Chemioij, adj. kImjU; raa&yan k&. 
ehemicat affinity [Phy*) raaiyan-mel ; kan-llg. 
Chemically, adv. klniiy& ke tHiir ae. 
ChemloaU, u. pi. klmly& kl cbUeA. 
Chendte, n. [A. qamU] qan.U; kartab. 

n. kf mlyK-gat- ; nufciuijil. | 




8 laboratory f k!iniy&-8&s \k k&r-kh&oa. 

f tkopt dAT&-8&z ki dflk&D. 

ng ehenustf ouskhe b&£Lclhne-v&l& ; atUr. 

kiy, n. [A. Aimyd] (Phys.) ilm-i-kimiji ; 

astbiddji; rattao-vidd j& ; ras&jan. 

ie chemistry, kimlj&-i-m&danj&t. 

ehemiitry, kimiy&e haivin&t aur Dab&tftt. 

U or applied chemistry, klin!y&-i-amall 


wiietry, klmiy&-i-kh&li8. 

I, D. makhmid-ki jhftlar. 

n. huudi; ruqqa; chik; bil; tip. 
cheque, hundi k. ; ruqqa likhui. 
, v.a. [P. khurish, H. chariSnd] 1. nourish, 
i\ p&ln&; parvarish k.; seni. 2. hold dear, 
&Bamajhu&; aziz rakhu& j& jlnni; ji 
1 meii rakhna ; &nkh ki putli ji tM^ sa 
u&; hateli )sa chh&l& bau&ni. 
the memory, yldg&ri rakhn&; kaleje 
jagah d. [&8 lag&tuL. 

vain hopes, kh&m khaj&l pak&ni; jhati 
er, 11. 1. p&lak; pSlau-h&r; an-d&t&; 
; murabbi; parwarish-kuuinda. 
(in Comp.) -parwar ; -nav&z, elierisher of 
oor, garib-parvar banda-uaT&z {support- 
the slave). 
, n. (Cor,) churat. 

n. ala-b&la; Bh&h-d&na; nasbd&na; 
er cherry) k&kuaj; valayatl mako; 


rry year, a merry year ; a plum year, a dull 
r. Prov. Sanu men g^Lnde, kdl meh her, Troy, 
n BUgarcaue thrivee a good year ^ou will see. 
m plums are in plenty a famme will be.) 
>randy, sh&b-dine k! sbarab ; l&l Bbai-^b. 
adj. Hurkh; l&l. 
lueked, adj, lal&-uz&r. 
n. [Heb. heruh. Per. herroli,'] 
angel, karrob ; farishta. 2. a beautiful 
aundar-balak ; khflb-sarat la^ la. [sifit. 
c, adj. farishta-kho ; farishta-sft ; malakl- 
;he cherubic host, in thousand cboirs, 
1 their immortal harps of golden wires. Milton, 
Ktoh ne mandlijamd ek haxAr, 
rd abad k& tonahri sitdr, F.C. 

m, n. pi. karnibiyan; farisbte. 
t, Chestnuty n. sh&b-biltlt. 
bay, surai^g. 
I. sbatrauj. 

%t chess, shatranj kbelna. [sbatranj. 
mrd, D. takhta-i-nard ; bis&t ; bis&t-i- 
layer, n. shatrauj-b&z ; Bb&tir. 
I. [Skr. chJiad to cover] 

wooden box, sandilq ; petl. 

lis heart was as hard as the iron ekut in 

which he kept his gold. (Said of a miser). 
7»kd dil aii/l kafd thd jai$& lohe kd sandilq jis 

meh wok apnl'asharflyda rahhld thIL 

^lorax, sfna; sadr : cbbfttf ; (6ftnli)pot&; 
3. coffin, tibdt ; sandflq. 
drawers, alm&rl ; dar&z-d&r almSrf. 
Md by nightt a ehsit of drawera by day. 
^dsmUk. Mi ho palahff aw din msk aUnSri, 

Cliost-fSonndeT, n. cbb&tl bbar j&d& ; Bloa band 

bo J&U&. ' 
Cheval gUuii, n. ba^a aiua. 
Caevalier, n. sQr-blr; bah&dur; jodbi. 
Oliew, v.a. [H . chdb] cb^lboft ; chab&u& ; cbigalnft. 
chew the cud, 1. jug&il kani&; jug^lo&; pugbr&- 

u& ; p&gbur k 2. rwm'male, Bocb bicb&r k. ; 

Boch men rabuft. 
Chiaro oseuro, n. dhtlp-cbb&& ; dhflp-8&y&. 
Ohioane, OUcanery, n. t&l rnatol; db&6-dal; 

her-pber; er& pherl. 
Ciiick, CJuckin, n. [A. a dcen, Prov. Ger. 

kuchtn, H. kukkc^, Per. chUza^ 1. cbdza; 

bachcha ; cblug^ ; pH ; obboti murg! ; paf tb&. 
You are counting your chickens before they 

are hatched. 
Turn to tnan ke ladda phorte ho, 

2. a person, bacboba; nannS; cbl&gl- 
pote; pattb& [mittbfl; tot&; l&l. 

3. a term of endearment, maini ; cbL[y& ; 
Chicken-broth, n. chOze k& aborbs. 
Ghicken-hearbad, adj. 4^r-pok; tbu^-dilft ; buz- 

dil; buz-dil&; gfdar. 
CMcken-poz, n. motiy&-8!tl& ; kodw&. 
Ciiick-pea, n. chanS ; bUnt ; anktl ; jhaAgrl. 
CMde, Y. a. [A. S. diidan,' H. jhirak.] 

d&tn& ; jbii'dkuft ; Bar-zanisb k. ; mal&mat 
k. ; gbu^ki d. 
Woe to the house where there is no chiding. Prov. 
Aftos us makdA par tddlb nahihjahdn part 
Chide him for his faults. Vh ut-ks qutUr par ddto. 

Chief, adj. [Lat. eaptU, H. hapdl head}pahlft; pva^ 
tbam ; mukh ; bafU ; avval ; zaar ; sir. 
This is the ckirf thing. Bajri bOttoyeh hat. 

Chie^ Cliief cain, u. sar-dftr; silir; sarkbail; 

chief city, or town, ba^^l shahar; prisidh-nagar. 
chief court, ad&lat-ul-ftly&. 
chief town, kbas shahar ; balda ; nagar. [kax^ke. 
CMefly, adv. khusdian; kh&s-kar; bisheBb 
CUefiMp, n. Bard&ri ; peahv&i. 
Ciiiffoniar, n. alm&ri ; s&lbot 
GhilbLain, n. biw&I ; biai&i. * 
Ciiild, u. [A. S. did, H. chhokrd] bachcha ; 

Ulak; brU; Ub&; tifl; khurd. 
ChHd:s play. Baehchoh kd kheL 
'Tia a wise ehUd who knows his own father. 

Prov. Chdtur ehhord jdne bdp. 
The child is father of the man. Wordsworth. 
Jaiid lafkA waitd javdn,. 
childstealing, bSl-chari; dOzdl-i-atfU ; bach 

chUd widow, bSl bidbvS. 
child-wife, b&Mstirl ; chboti si bahiL 
to bs with child, pet se h. ; do jl se hoD& ; 

garabh se L;'hamal se h.; h&inl& b.; 

ftdb&Q se h. ; ummed y& Sb se hon&. 
Child-bearUig;, n. jannS ; jan&p&. 
Child-bed, n. j&p&; zacbagl. 
rMld-bed fever, j Ip&juar. 
Child-Urth, o. j&p&-plr&; dard-i-zeh- 
Child-hood, n. bachpaii ; b&l-pan ; bil-aTasthl; 

tifll; tufOliyat; khurdL 






'k lUiill) t 

kl tf; didMdlK; 


tifl&na; tifl-miii\j. 

Wiien I WM a ohSd I tpAk«- «i « eii!M« I 
' nsfXmfcood m a «liUid» I tlioa||hl -m -a 
child, bufc whn I beaaoM A »4a I,pul MMqr 
MOiOa thlogk 

JghmMhiiakOMioWUthUhl toirak MO, 
Mai! Af ft tetttil MM<9iU>r, Mfiii'il ]rtfi«ni4 
floeM;jMU'jdft«atib imt§mML to 4mMo4 

C94UlUilTf adv. bMlioha& ji laikpA k& rt^; 

IMlffiihumi n. JU|kiI; lai»]c-p«a; tifl-^utfaf. 
CUiildlMs, a4j. naptUA; nuMaiitin; be-auttd; 

Childlike, adj. baohdL'i& kl d; taflftna. [kothL 
CShild-mazdAr, n. G. G. bilak-gh&t; baohoha- 
CMdraUt n. 1. h^ke-bile ; baohehe ; kaoh- 
badh; kaobohe-baohoha ; aylL 

8. demmdonU, il-aalid; ban! fkaMlirm 
4f Itradt bani IsiiO. 

Dear an oar panota, daar oar Mbirm^ Wr 
ttllalifrai, oar fritndi; bat our ttHintif la 
itaalf embraoM all ol tluae aflMioaii. 
Mm, jdtit amr bdhk fiffMi%fqfdm miir,pmr9§tt 

jiiyir. IT. C. 

Ci W W i^ia or]f for mlt aud'applia, and oM aMa 

for fold and dlTor. Prov. 

BiUak mdkoik m6, n^Biri; htffkt mMk$$k 

{JftiUren ara poor maa'a rSoliaa. Pkor. 

(Tartt to 5adMf iU cUoa Prov. 

Chili, n. Ul'iniroh ; filfll-i-aurkh. 

Chill, n. [A. S. cple, eele, Skr. MkU, R4 «tf 

cold] thir ; thfurthar&hat. 

A winter ekiU. Pok md& hMtr; ekUU taj^lflL 
ddll, V. a. I. Tnake chiUy^ tharthariUi&; (hit- 

E&ai; thandy&Qi. 

When winter ehUM the day. OoUmUk. 

Job din $ard hone lagd, 
2. dUeourag$f sard k. ; afsurda k. ; dil, 
y& jl totn&; nlrla k.; Di-ummed k. 
Chilled, adj. thithr& htUl. 
Chilliness, n/thir; ^hand. 
Chilly, adj. sard; thanda. 
C&ime, n. {0/ hllitj ghantoA kl saiill jhank&r. 
Chime, v. h. (at bslU) ghantou k& suril& bajn&. 
chme in toithf h&u meu ii&ii inil&ii&; sar meik 

BUT milini ; dam-tiwi k. 
Chimera, n. 1. (Myth.) ajib-nl-khilqat. 

2. vain and wild fancy ^ khiySl-i-b&til ; 
wahm ; khiyaM-l&-tftil. 
Chimerical, adj. khiy&li; be-asl; nir-mtQ. 
Chimney, n. 1. passage for smoke, dhttUM; 
dbanv&U; dQd-dan. 
2, glats tube, (Cov,) chitnnl. 
chimney-corner, angithi j& ohulhe ke kin&re. 
Chimney piece, n. lakri y& patthar kt takhtl 

ju angithi ke dpar lagl hul hot! hai. 
Chimney 'shaft, n. dhOan-uaL 
Ciiimney sweep, Chimney sweeper, n. 

chimDl 8&f karae-v&la. 
Chimney tax, n. cholha kar. 
, n. bau mftoas. 

chimbak; nnakh-dilii; miaili^'Mq^iB. '* 
tfhiaa, b. iMxL China wai«. OkMhe ' h^k O k 
Mfisa dsMMMb^ ohinyi bidim ; mttgophaK.''!^ 
tkina ro9^,cbob-eliIid. 
china fOM^ aadH^Hlib. 
dUiieMghi B. 4ibba; hitbba-diftbbi. 
OUtte^u 1. hoA home, (^ kl haddl; kukar to 

XMa. %. (aU for cooking) ri|^ ¥e deao tiraf 

kft goaht. 
Ohiaase, n.pL eblril; chlakeidml. 
Chinks tau [A.6< aiM, H. eUandid.] l.4k^^oimi, 

ohban obbaQiki ; jhafikir ; jbai^aDlbck 
9. sUl, tAlr ; tefdL; dans ; dartif ; ifbigR-*' 
01iiBk,T.B.ehhanahbaBiiii; ohhao ekhank.; 

khan khanittE ; jhatinr k. [(AlAit 

tUMm, n. rOer.' ik, Per. eUm, H^ •eUbi|J 
Chip, y. a. ^oUflnE ; ehhiptf xMsaA ; AkohiiL 

CUp^ ▼•m. rese u|^ii&; pattre tttamii 
Ohipi ah:^P9ii]i(» n. ohhipti; oiihllam;>Vik|i> -' 
A d^^t the old blodL » hkHH •UMk 

Chifoiiuuioeri n. s&mudrikl; (2W-) a|afp<qpoi 
i Clibromeiiqr, n. simndrik. 
Cidtbpodist, n. pairoft ke dfl k&tne- 
Chiroptent, n. chamgldaf kl At , 

Chirpi u* ohQ6-ch1Ui; ohX^-ciilii; ohaichi 
Qhix]^ T. n. [Dut eirchsHt H. chitraM^ 

chh&-cbaii k. ; ohtii ohift k. ; ohiohjliii; 
cbaichah&ui; churakni; rezk. 
Chirr, t. n. ohiohyaD&; ohQu-chflu k. 

The chirring graMhopper. CkiokySid t4ddA. 
Chimrgeon, n. [Or. chir, Skr. kar hand] jarrilh. 
Chimrgical, adj. jarrftiil. 
Chisel, n. [Skr. kshar, H. chhil cut] oUieiil; 

t&uki; rukh&ui; hakkl; nihanL 
Chiiel, V. a. 1. ohbeni se If^i k&tni ; t&ikkihgl- 
ni y& m&rn&. 2. cKea% cbhaliiil ; thagai. 

Why is a carpenter like a ewindier t 

Becauie he ehi$eU a deal. 

Nil (barber) bad-mdih kyoh ktd f 

li vdtU ki mthdtd kai. 


Chit, n. chUd, bachoh&; y&Q&; nanbi; nikki; 

DaDk&; nena; nl-b&lig. 
Chit, n. note, chittbi; raqqa; parofai. 
Chit-chat, n. gap'shap; bit chit; bEtefk. [rodL 
Ciiitterlings, n. pi. &ute&; atriyii^; aQl|i; 
Chiralric, Chivalrons, adj. bah&dor; ui-al^wD. 

Chivalry, n. [Fr. eheval, Skr. cuh9, Per. asf,] 
1. hughlhoody birt&i; dil&varf ; bahftduif; 

u1-ul-azraL 2. the order, sQr-blr ; bah&dar. 
Chloroform, n. be-hosh kame Id dav& yi 

sbfib! ; mtd Iftne-vftll ankhad. 
Chloroaii, u. (Med.) safaida. 
Chock a-block, ChocVfall, adj. khaobi-khaoh; 

mtiiiba-mQuh ; bhar-pUr. 
Chocolate, adj., kakrezi; l&kbl; kbaiil 
Chaice, u. [A. S. ceosan, H. ehun, P«ctoi P^] 
1. the act, pasaod; pasaudidgl; mard; 

chtiniA; intikh&b. 





he thing chosen^ pasand; pcisandlcia;' 
khab. [khkb k. ; chhlikt len&. 

ehoies of, pasand k., ohiinDa; inti- 
dj. chlda; pasandida; qabil-i-pasand ; 
i; umda; tohfa; uafis; sresht; uttam. 

[A. S. chor^ Lat. chorus, U» gandharh, 
i>iU] 1. a company of singerB, bhajan- 
ale; gandharb; qavv&l; maiidli; 
.; chauki. [qavviil-g&h. 

part of a churchy gandharb-astbati ; 
. a. 1. mffocaUj gala gbotuH; tet^ 
etE dibD& ; ga]& tipDa ja dab&u&. 
J swallow a camel aud be cfwJctd with the 
tail. ProT. 

If nigal jdeh, avr dum se hiehlHydh ieh, 

lockup, bh;irn& ; &titn3. ; mtSudn&; band 
ga ]ngaua. 

^ohe up a road, Shtrnk roknd. 
iifit, dabftua; rokna; roarnSL. 
'. n. uiv&la ja tukra ataknft; ucbchha 
rah y& phauda parna. 
Eunp, n. khan ki buii havR. 
Q. (Slang) gala-ghout gulfl>ba&d. 
1. 1. biU, pit; safta. 2. airabilit, 
3. anger, pitta; chho; gussa; ros; 
; krodh; tamas; itib; gazab. 
holer haten a counsellor. Proy. 

'kho aur sikh men hair hai, 
n. haiza; mtluh-pet; hulki; ninavl. 
isphyxla^ haiza kar-ke dam.ghutD&. 
mot bus, baize ki bimaii. 
!, adj. I. abounding toith choler, safnlvi; 
i. 2. irascib'.ey gussail; cbhoL 
Choleric men are blind and mad. Prov. 

htut nun ddmi andk& aur dlvdna ho jdtd hai, 

1. pet plri; dard-i-shikam. 
V. a. chunnE ; pasand k. ; qubtXl k. ; 
ir k. ; ikhtvftr k. [ura d. 

.a. I. cut off, k&t daln&; qalam k. ; 
Jkop off his head ? Is'kd sir urd do t 

mince, tukre tukre k. ; qlm& k. ; qatle 

eza reza k. ; chQr k. 

tever, chirna; phai'D&; chir dala&. 

i change, adla badli k. 

ic, mautiq bagharua; taqrir ohh&i&tni. 

at, qitna k. 

p, chab& janK; dairn^; kha j&Qa; 

jchan k. ; dht!ln>>na ; bhakasna: 

one*s words, bat chaba jftna. 

. 1. sHce, tukiu; para; boti; tikl^ 

quality, raqam; qism; darja. 

Tea of the first chop. Barh-H ehd» 

iwal darje ki ehaS, 

>iise, D. uan-bai ki dtlkan. 

ig» adj. inot§.; motVtaza; tntjar; 

h ; gul-guthni. [k& takhta j& lakrL 

ig-block, n. th!j& ; kunda ; gosht katne 

ig-knif 9, Ciidpper, n. ohhuHL; bugd&; 

) ch&par. [thothni; bbasrIL 

n. mouth, mflub; hont, (Contemp.) 

i the chops, eKapfcdUn, mdi&h utr& huE. 

tV> liek one^B clwp$, Hoht ehdtnd, 

ckB, n. bus Id ohimti. 

Choral, adj. rSg IiJl; git k&. 
Chord, n. 1. string, taut. 

2, (Mtis,) dhun ; sur ; bam-ahangl 

3. (Geom,) vatar ; kamlQ kl dor!. 
vocal chords, bolne kl ragezt. 
Chordae, n. sQzak ; pnrmeo ; jiryan. 
Chorea, n. ilisha; kap-kapi; larza. 
Chorifter, n. qawftl ; kalHwant ; giyan ; gaTat]r&. 
Choma, n.antri; asth&i; tek; nmkbtal. 
CkosML, p. p. ohun& ha& ; cbida ; muntakhab ; 

pasandfdab; maqbtll ; bar-guzlda; xnauzQr. 
Ckongh, n. lal-choncb& kavvi. 
GhouBe, V. a. thagni ; chhaln& ; mfindni. 
Chow-ohow, u. chiui marabbft. 
CaiTilt, Is&; Masih; Masihi. 
Ghriiten, y. a. 1. baptize, istib&g d. ; baptasmft 

d. ; kirishtfta k«; Is&ik. 2. denominate, n&m 

d. ya rakhnlL ; nam-zad k. 
Christendom, n. iiasr&niyoia kl val&yat ; mnlk-i- 

na8&r?l is&i log; Da8&r&. [kristSn bananS. 
Ghriateniiig, u. bciptasma de-kar n&m rakhna; 
Christian, u. IslI ; Masih k& iiianne-y&l& ; IM 

mazhab \sSk pairau ; nasrinL 
Christian, a<^. nasran!; Isvl; niarlhl. 
christian name, voh nam jo istibUg ke vaqt 

rakkha jat& bai ; isal nam ; Is&ij-otii kft pahld 

Chriitianitjy n. Xsalmazhab; dIn-MsvL 
Christmas n. ba^ din. 

ChriiimoM comes but oooe a year. Pror. 

BaroM men divdli tk din. (Bar rot id nesL, ProT.) 

Christmas-box, n. baife din k& tohfa tahayaf ; 

bakhshish, ya inam o ikr&m. 
Christmas-day, n. masUi ki paid&Ish kft din ; 

bai4 din. [huft. 

Chromo-Utliographic, adj. rangoiii men ohhapft 
Chromo-lithography, n. rangou men chhapna« 
Caron^c, adj. (A. qam age, Lat. chronos time] 

purS.n&; kobna; niazmin. 
(Tronic disease, puraul-blmari; marz-l-kohna ; 

marz-i-muzmin ya derinah. 
Chronicle, n. tawftrikh ; sar-guzasbt. 
Chronicle, t. a. tarikh ya ittih&s likbnft. 
Chronicler, n. muwarrikh ; tftrikh likbnevalft. 
Chronogram, Chronograph, n. nazm, ya nasr 

jiske harilf jam& kame se t&rikb ya s&l 

malflm ho; m&dda-i-tarfkb. 
Chronologic, Cnronolog^ist, n. vaqE^nig&r; 

muwarrikh. [mutaalliq. 

Chronologic, Chronological, adj. tiurikh ke 
Chronology, n. vaqfte-nig&rT. 
Chronometer, n. eablh y\ tb!k gharl. 
ship's chronometer, jahaz ki gha^. 
to rate a ehronometer, gharf thik k., yft dumst k. 
Ciiryfalis, n. lltir, patange yagaiiah kl par 

nikalne se pahli balat va sQrat. 
Chryaanthemnm, n. guM-d&Qdi. 
Chrysolite, n. laheanyft ; ^abaijad. \gi^ Tftl&. 
I Chub>y, ChnVfooed, adj. gal-pbQl&; kacbauii se 
Chuck, y. a. kutkutanft; kiq^kuiUnft. [baj&oft. 
COiUOk, T. a. fKrih ienUg ftndtr the thin, thori 




Chuck, T. a. tkrow^ phenkni; dilni. 

Cimck, n. {Ifech,) chak. [p&tthe. 

Cimck, lu 1. kut kut 2. darling, pj&re;"l&l; 

Ciinck chuck, n.' kut kut; ti ti. 

Chuck ffurthing, u. guchcbl p&l& ; ghoU-changi. 

Chuckle, v. a. rukke hauotia. 

Ciiuckle, D. dabi hansi ; rukivat ki hau&L 

Chuckle-head, adj. mathy&thaa; tboa; be- 

▼aqaf; ahmaq; giodi; ullU; kaudao. 
Chuckf, Slang is lafx ee maktab ke la|ke 

miy&Q ji ke &ue kl khabar dete haiu. 
Chufl^ n. gauyar; akkbai*; ujad. [bam-nivihu 
Chum, o. hamkh&ua; ham-hujra ; ham-p^la o 
Chum, y. u. satb rabua ; ek ghar men rahni. 
Chump, n. kunda; porl. [qalai. 

Chunam, u. [Cor. of H. chund,] ch(ln& ; gach ; 
Caurch, n. [Dut. ktrk; Ger. tirche^ Dan. kirke, 

Scutch, kirk. Port girjd.] 

1. bodjf of chri$Uan9, iail log; naaML 

2. the bmlding, girj&; girj&-ghar; knllsa; 
dair; kanisht. 3. ^eluiaUieal^ auihoriijf^ 
p&d'iou ka ikbtij&r ja hukUroat. 

If nion church, muttahid girja. 

Church, Churching, y. a. girji men bachcha 

houe ki namiU ya 8hukrij& ad& k. 
Church-bell, n. girj& ki ghaiita. [ohanda. 

Church-rate, u. girja-ghar ke ja p&drl Ke y&ate 
Church -w&rlen, n. girj& kl muhtamim. 
Church-yard, n. goristin ; qabarist&D ; turba. 
Churl, u. [A. S. ceorl, VL, ganwdr.'\ 1. rustic, 

gaiiwar; dahq&nl; deb&ti; bangrh; gastan- 

gar. 2. illbt'fd man, anghar; ujad akkbar; 

bad-akblaq ; be-tarclz ; kunda i-uatar&sh. 

3. miser, kanjiis ; bakbil ; kripan ; sflm ; 
sQmra; mukkhi-cbilB ; muiusik; kautak; 
kanuaii; kabisar. 

Churlish, adj. 1. rude, an-ghar; aujbar; ak- 
kbar ; ujad ; ganwaru ; be-duauga ; be-bangani ; 
bauiiga. 2. unmanageable, kattar ; kara ; ka- 
tbor; sakht. 

Churliihly, adv. akkbar-pane se. 
Churlishnesa, n. katbor-pan ; sakbti ; karakh- 

tagi; ujadpana; akkhar-pan. 
Churn, n. bilonl ; matki ; cbiti ; chatti. 
chum staf, ni ; matbaui ; madh&ui ; mibani. 
Chum, y. a. biloua; mathna; mabua; mak- 

kban nikalua. 
Chyle, u. kailQs ; ras. 
Caylifiaction, n. kailus ban jana. 
Chyliferous, adj. kailQs paida karne-y&l&. 
Ciiylification, n. kailQs banaa. 
Chyme, u. kaimas ; raa. 

Cicad^ u. tiddi; jhingar. [katta; dag. 

Cicatrice, Cicatrix, n. zakbm ka iiisban ; cha- 
Cicatrization, n. angur; bbarao; induial; ilti- 

yam. [bharua; angQr bandbui. 

Cicatriie, y. zakbm bbarua jK achcbba h. ; 
Cicerone, n. 8air-kar&ne-yil& ; rah-numi ; rah- 
. bar; agwa. 
f CkiBhio, a.pMncbhi,]^; pichh-lagu ; yar ; dhagrt. 


Cider, Qfder, n. seb ki aharab. [salaf. j 

Ci-dcTanty a4j. pahli; agla; peehln; aftbiq; 

C&gaTi n. ohurat. 

Cigarette, n. halka ohurat. 

dUa, n. pi. (AnaL) palak; papnl; misah. 

Giliary, adj. bal jaisi; ruen-dar; khaivdlr. 

Gfanmerian gloom, n. nih&yat hi andherl; 

audbera gup. 
Qnchoua, n. 1. (B(4,) einkonft k& darakht yi 

chhal. 2. {3ied.) kunain. 
Oncture, n. 1. bM^ patka; petl; kamarbaadL 
2.feuce^ gber; ghera; abatah. 

dncture of a piUar, sitUn k& gol& ; gol&. 
Cinder, n. kajlaja hui y& kal-jhauy&n koeUL 
Cinerary, adj. khaki; kh&kiatari; kbak jaiA ; 

eihcrary wnu, bhasml rakbne ki bartan. 
dngaleiCi n. Slon ji Lauki ki biahinda. 
GUnabaTi n, shicgnil 
hepatic cinnabar, nirsi shingrat 
Cinnaman, n. dir-chiuL 
cinnamon oil, dir-chinl ki itr. 
cinnamon water, arq-i-dir-chim. 
Cinquie, n. (in dice) paujff. 
Cinque-fjil, n. 1. paDJ-angusht 2. (Boi,) paoh- 

putiya; panjpatiji. 3. (Arch.) panj-maxgoL 
Cipher, u. {A. sifr, k It. Sp. cifrd, Fr. 

1. (Ariih.) bindi; sifar; sunni. S. 
aJphabU, faru akshar yi alif .be te; gupt 
lekh. 3. (a mere cipher) a person of no tc^rd, 
nikara; nikamma; ni-cbiz; hech; pooh. 

to wriPi in cipher ; farzl alif be te men likbni. 
Cipher, y. a. hisab k. 

Ciphering, n. bi^b. [daera; britt-kshetra. 

Cirde, u. 1. (Geom.) chakkar; gol laklr; kundal; 

2. enclosure^ ghera; gber; bari; ahata; 
halqa. 3. coterie, maudli; majlis ; majma. 

circle of the sphere, gola chakr ; kurab diSra. 
arguing in a circle^ aude niurgi ki baha. 
horary circle, dbQp-gbari-rckhi. 
meridian or transit circle, dupahr-chakr ; da&a^ 

Circle, v. n. gbdmua; chakraui; chakkar yi 

cbak-pberi kbana ; parkamnii d. 
Circle, v. a. 1. move around, cbakkar k. ; chak- 

raua ; gird phima ; daur cbalui. 

2. surround, gherua ; gber leni ; mubisa- 

ra k. ; ab^ta k. 
circle in, gher lena ; charon taraf band k. 
Circlet, n. cbboti chakkar. 
Circuit, n. 1. the space enclosed, cbakkar; 

gbera; girdi; daunv 

i. apf'Ointed journey, daura ; gaaht. 

circuit of a Though, baral; balal 
Circuitous, adj. chakkar-dar ; pber-ki. 
Circular, adj. gol; chakkar-dar; mudavyar; 

circular arc, chakr-bhag ; qate-diera. 
circular measure, (Math,) gan ; gol-nip. 
circular motion, chakr-cbil ; barkai-i-muBtadir. 




idf chakkar ki sar&k ; gol safaL 
iere(Ast.) &kas goUL,* kurra-iHBam&vI. 
r/acet gol khet. 

. (Cor,) sarkalar; parv&oa-gashtl. 
7, n. ghflmna ; gardish k. ; chakr&D& ; 
khiua; daura k. ; gasht k. ; phirD&; 
ood) saur&n k. ; daura L ; niustadir h. 
d^cioio/, chaltlkasar; kafiar-i-muta- 

medium, hirVk phirt& va8il& ; 8ikk& ; 
T. a. 1. make cuireiU, chal&n& ; chal- 
Iri k. ; rav&n k. ; raij k. ; rivij d. ; 
ij k. 2. ptiblishf phail&n& ; maahhlb: 
b&r d. ; mushtahar k; el&n d. 
1, n. 1. motion in a circle, ghum&o; 
; gardisb ; daura. 2. free diffunon^ 
; riv&j. S. currency, lot; sikka. 
of the blood, lahtl chakkar; saur&n 

biflnt, adj. gbere-hue; muhlt. 
bolata, Y. n. ghOmni ; gird phirD& ; 
ri k. ; parkammi den& ; tav&f k. ; 

LdibiUy n. chakkar k& rftstah ; pfaer 
L [m&Dl k. 

ft, y. a. khatnl k. ; suunat k. ; musal- 
ftd, adj. makhtflD ; kat& hu&. 
lolly D. khatua; sunuat; muaalm&Dl. 
enoe, n. chakkar-ghuiuio ; gberft; 
\ ; daur rauhit-i-daer& ; girda ; paridbi. 
eater, n. z&via-m&p ala; kou-u&p. 
c, n. sbosba; ardh-chandr jaisft. 
le, ▼. a. phail&D& ; ch&roa taraf phai- 
dftlD& ; wuntasbar k. 
don, Q. chhatrio; satriU) ; . phailfio ; 

[tara ^ 
ient, adj. ch&ron or y& taraf k& ; chau- 
■n< j'Uxees, gird-uawab ; naw&h ; qurb- 
; hawall. 

mtion, XL chakkar ; pher ki b&t. 
nutory, adj. cbakkar-d&r; pher-kl. 
▼igate, r. a. Eamla j& dun}'& ke gird 

vi^ation, zamin ke girdi-gird siy&hat ; 
LB gird ka safai*. 

Tigator, II. zamin ke gird bahrl safar 
lla; pirthyi ire cbabM-or phirne-val&. 

lar, adj. qutab ke uazdik ; dburQ ke 
jra ore dhore. 

ribe, V. a. 1. ghem&; had bftAdhni; 
1 k. 2. inscribe around, gird likbna ; 
taraf likhui. 

riptioAf n. 1. limitation, hadd; ah&ta. 
reular inscription, chakkar j& kundli 


ijiiion of a leaf {Bot,) patte k& gird 

ectioiiy n. cbaului, chauks&I; b&y- 

kbabar-diri; nigab-b&ui; hoahij&ri; 

UMr D* gl^t; daah&y hil; huat; haql- 

circumstances of the cctse, h&l&t; baqlqat-hSrl. 
easy circumstances, khush b&Ii; &8fida-h&ll; 

in straitened circumstances, tang h&l ; tQte h&l ; 

phate hSl ; sbikastah-h&l : tang-dast ; taklif 

according to eirewnstancei, hasb-h&l; hash- 

mauqi ; aamab' anusar jft anukQl. 
CircnmstaiLtialy adj. detailed uiufaasal ; beore- 

Y&r; pate T&r; tafuUv&r; musharrah. 
circumstantial evidence, subHt-i-qarayan, 
Circumstantially, adv. tafW-?&r; beore-v&r; 

mufassalan. [bay&n k. 

Circomstantiate, v. a» beore-vir yft taftsU-v&r 
OiTeamyallation, n. chir-div&ri; ahatil; shahr- 

pHn&h ; fasll ; morcha-bandl ; bisftf. 
Girenmyenti y. a. chhalua; thagDft;jul d; 

jb&ii8& d. ; dhoki d. 
Circnmyentioii, n. chhal ; jul; jb&nsa; thag&i; 

ech-pech ; bikmat-iamall ; dagal fasal. 
Cireamyolatiion, n. chakkar; gher&; er-pher. 
Cixeas» n. [H. chakkar] 

1. the area, dauf-cbakr ; dangal ; chaug&n ; 
maid&n; cbakVar; cbauk ; jaul&n-g&h. 

2. the petformers, cbaug&n-b&z ; b&zf-gar. 
Cirrose,,(^a^.) pech-d&r; pechy&& 
Cirrostratos, u. b&dal ki tukr&. 

Cistern, n. hauda ; hauz ; chau-bachcha ; kheL 
Qt, n. nagar-b&si; shabrL . 
Citadel, n. ga^hl ; kot ; kotl&. 
Citation, n. 1. summons, talbi ; bul&o ; ittili- 
nima ; dastak ; dastuk-italbl ; samau. 
2. quotation, qaul; maq^a. 
Cite, y. a. \, summon, talab k. ; bul& bbejnft; 
btillu&; hukman bul&n&; saman bhejoi. 
2. quote, hay&la dena; Dazir 1&U&. 
Citisen, u. ralyat ; parj&. 
Citisenshi^ n. haqq-i-riayft ; paiji-adhik&r. 
atric, adj. niba kl kbatal ki. 
Citric add, n. nlba kl khaUl. 
Citron, n. tura^j; ghigas; galgal; gargal; 

kam& ; atraj ; bijaur& ; khatU ; jamhlrL 
Citj, n. 1. a large town, chabr; nagar; nagarT; 
balda; (in Comp.) &b&d; pur. 
What is the city but the people? 
True, the people are the eity. Sheik. 

Hai thai kyd nagar, dtimi hik nagarf 
Hai tiieh iimyoh u haigd nagar, F. C. 

2, inhabit mtSfUtLgBLr-hlAl; shahri; shahr- 
city police, shahr kl kotvftli. 
Ciyet, n. 1. dnet-cat, musbk-bil&o. 

2. the perfume, zab&d. 

Ciyic, adj. shahr! ; shahr-kfi. ; kametl-k&. 

Ciyil, adj. 1 . pertaining to a cUy or state, shahri ; 

mulkL 2. intestine, bhitrl; andrtlai; &pas« 

ki ; b&-hami ; kb&ngf. 

CivU war. Khdna-jafigl, 

3. not will, intirJlnnl ; mulki ; mahkQmSnA. 
Civil liberty. MahkUmSna dtSdi, [bdhar. 
CinU death. Det-nikdUl; adOlat H pandh u 

4 not military^ m&li ; mulkL 

CIV ; 

6. iiol erimintl, dEvSnl. 
Cinl Uw. QdnOn (JbUnt. 

6 jiqIiU, kkaUq ; baakhl&q ; sfaatlf ; ashi^f - 

su-bIiII ; Bfttjftn. [inulkL 

eudt adatUiuli-atinii, moUcf-ioti'itTn ; iotizam-i- 
eivil ciniit, Aiialftt-i-iliv&iil; dlviLiii. 
citit tinploifm'nt, mati, yi mulkl k&m. [j& iim. 
dtil ftifittftrinp, pul jl iniftrat bjinKiie k& bunar 
«itn7 ii>r, muiki naukiii-OB ki febriHt, 
civil p^mr, ttr^ art hukilDiaL ; Barkir ; httklUim ; 

mmV ttaudf or luit, n&lish iliv&iiL 
rtWI ferfiee, arsftr&n-i-mu tabid. ." ■Li-bI"'" 
ein7 yi'V, mabijani baraa, '^i'\'1iUi3(iamT..y 

CSviliAB, n. 1. ahl-i-qalftm. inffilila} llfcT 

hlbni ; (iliJe-dSr luuhiiiid. ' ■ ' ' 
CiTilitiB], n. tazlm o takrim ; kbfttir-taw&io ; 

miuiarat; &o-bhsgat. 
Civility, Q. khiilq ; nkhlSq ; ahliyat ; all ; aushil- 

ta; maiiiiyat; iUiniljat ; niarftvrat [ruatt. 
CiTilizfttioa, n. iiisSnyat ; ubilb : tarbiyat ; du- 
CiTiliio, V. s,. aJmi yi iiiBln banina; iHin&tiil; 

Budh&niii; tarbiyat k., ji deiii ; tubElb d.; 

muhasatb baD&it&. (tn. 

Cirlliaed, ndj. tarblynKyafta ; muhaztab; sli&ia- 
eiviliiai elaCt, udhchbi pan ', pQri pan; mobax- 

zab balat 
CiTilly, adv. I.not eriminnUy, ns rilh-i-slgah 

diviiii. 2. poUUli/, khulq jS akhliq sb; 

siiHiUa BC. 
CUclLv.n. l.dici,kat kat k.; kntkiiHlna; kat 

kaUnH; litkSd ni&ni&; titk&nift. 2. Itt the 

toiiyue rvn, bakDi;bftke jini; gap in&rna; 

bakvls k., yi chhntna. [bakvis; jhak. 

Clack, n. bak bttk ; kH kit ; kal knl ; q&l maqal ; 
e/aci 6>A bftkvlsl; jbakkijbataui; bakkf. 
CUck-dish, n. jliankir-dir th&ll yl kotorS; 

faqir la piylla ; cbanlial, 
Qaim, v. a. 1. iltnand <u due, talab k, ; mntil- 

btt k.; divB-dar b.; niuw&khza k. 

2. *uf, darkbast k. ; nalish k. ; iateg&s& k. 
Claim, n. 1, deitaiid, talbi; mutalba; m&ng; 

taqazfi. 2. iste^sa. 
claim dter'til, dawi ^\^ klja t-'avS. [daatSvei. 
doift under bond, d&wa tamaaatiki; d&waai rOS 
(u£fniMM>a o/ claim, iqbaldarei. 
fiar (0 claim, sart-i-d&wi. 
rfeni'u' o/ e'/rim, inkir-dawa. 
entire claim, kul daw^ 
portion of a claim, juz-i-diwa. 
e^litting of cfaimt, taaddud-diffft ; ek binie 

miiqadme ko do ehiq k. 
tupporC of claim, tiid-i-dawa. 
Claimable, adj. dawe ke qKbil ; haq. 
CUimant, n. didkhuah; uiuddal; dive-dfir; 

badi ; mustahaq. 
Claimed, p. p. mudd^-balia; maddHah, 
tiling elaimtd, BbaS-mudd&baha, 
ClaiiToyanos, n. drbht-bHndL [gaib. 

CSairvoyMat, n. aatar-jiml; gaib-difi; Him ul- 

38 CLA 

I Clamber, v. ». h^th pion se chothnS ; mi 

I Be chnrhnS. [chip-chij 

Clammineas, n. las; Ihea; cbep ; laslati 
Clammy, adj. las-dftr; Ihes-dSr; laalasft; 

cliipS.; clipp-dar. 
CI&moTous, adj. gaiigii; abort; par-kha 

gill, ya shor nirtchaQe-vill 
Clamour, Clamor, n, abor; gu1 ; gaugft; d 

gul gap&^; gob^r; bai'ik& liEi'ik. 
Cl&monr, t. n. i,iil yasbor macbSiilL; gauj 

dliQm machSiifi; gul gap&ra k.; gob 

d'lh&i tib£[ machine. 
Clamp, n. (.1/.)A.)BhikanjS;pattI; lohekl 
Clamp, V a, pnttar jartii, ya lag&ni. 
Clamp, V. D. pattar jur jSn'i, ya lagna. 
Clan, n. a trib; qaura; firqi; giroh; j 

farlq ; khail ; al ; kbip ; jargi. 
rlaniman, jit-bhii ; ek qaum'kS. 
head of a clan, sar-khuii ; sar-girob ; «ar-g 
Claudeatiae, adj. diuj^e cbnpke; cht 

gupt; kbafiya; ncakbti; piniiin; posbid 

A. c'cinifafine oiiniiige. Gupt 6iFdA. 

Clang, V. n. (H. i/ion] jhanUrua; chbank; 
kbarkli&^LiI; tbautnnaDa. 

Thpy ehagrit their aminiiinf; mot. 1 

Cwion Tie apni haf&ytlr kharkiaraf. 

Clang, Clangour, n. I. {of armi) j\m 

kbarkbarabat. j^ 

A« if n thoutnnd (invita rang. Mi 

Hui ItgoA iri itgadar kVar khar, 
Goya tadki gkanth parik pnr paj-, 

2. {of a trimpel) tfl-tQ ; biinn-bhoA. 
Clank, II. jhanak; chhanaki; jhaiin ; jha 
Clank, V, a. jliaularna; chhau cbhan k. 
CUaniBli, adj. 1, jat, yl qaum U. 

2. j&t pakel.I; ittifaq qauniL 
ClaHHuk fwliag, Jst-pakik. 

Claiuliip. n. jatsambandh; qaumiyat. 
Clap, V. a. 1 . tlrike with a quick nu>ticn, 
kliatlni; patpatanlt; tbapaktia; tekrat 

3. ttriiitig Die palm* together, khtisJ 
tallyaii bajitua; arriu kahnL 

3. ttiriist 111, de-marnftj patpatSuij tlu 
Ml; thokiii; diliiL 

They dapped hiin into priaon. 
Vnhoh Ht ait }tl-thane men dSl dfyS. 

eldp on, la^'aiii; jatnana; sahi k. ; tikinS 

Ha elapptd .pan In bia horae. 
Ui lit ghore io er In^. 
clap the v-inn*, biiiQ ya kunde jh&fn& ■ 
hil&na ; pbarpbiu^iiL 

Th«n like a bird it aiM »Dd singi, 
And whetri and clapt itt silver mingi. JTor* 
Tab parinde H taraJi bnlth-kt gifne ,Kk Irtgi, 
D'lavU iSiO h} kits eMieli u bHuie >d4 lagk. 

Clap. V, n. cloie with a clap, takiiliit ; la; 
bhirui. [karak; jhorika; d& 

Clap, n. 1. a loud mi»c. khatka; kha 

A ehp of tbuDder Hijtx ki karak. 

2. stroke, tbapak; fhonk. 

3. ttriktng the palmn tojelher, til ; tS 

4. gaaorrhaa, atUik; parmeo. 




Ql^Jiab, XL U( k! rakU)!. 

differ, n. the tongue u/ a bell, tuntuni. 

(ifBggnt-clBWf ▼. a lat&rn& ; latte leD& : kh&ni; 

iiochii&; ife h&th lcu&. 
Oaptrap» n. dikhave ki bitefi; tip ^p; 

chamak damak; tumUr9q. 
daret, n. 1. lil-shai-ftb. 

2. (SUtag) lal pani; lahU; khao. 
ObsiflMtioilf n. mail chhantna ya nik&In%; 

clihaii^V> ; ph&i'ui ; safa k. ; khllis k. 
CbuiStBTt n. mail chhkutne, y& Dinnal karue- 

vaUl luaB&Ia. 
ClaxiiSf, Y. a. chhantna y& katoft; s&f k.; 

phipii (soups and jellies), 
€iarijp butter, glu karkariui, sif L, j& tau&. 
Ghoiniy n tural;; turi; nar-6ing&; bQq. 
ritTJagti CUxioaet, n. algoza. 
OaiI^ V, n. 1. make a noise^ khatkhaUa&; 

lakziDi; takkar kb&na. 

8. (Met.) ^kriLua; If h. ; muzahim h; b&il 

h. ; aad-i-i-fth h. ; rokua. 
dubf (Saahing, u. 1. Uriking together, takkar ; 

kbatkS; khatpa^; jharika; bha^akl; kbat&- 

klia(; khachi-khtioh. 

Ckuk of Bwords. TalvdrfmH hkoMhhmek; 

t. eontriMddetion, zid ; birudh; mukhilifat; 
muqibala; mun&qshah. 

The ^wKes betweeo popes and kings. Denkam, 
Pddshdkoii our p^Uirioh h& mundqthah, 

daspy n. 1. eateh, pakar; aiilui; baksul; 

bi^das; qu&l; tjU&-kuu|ji; qal>za; &stiiq- 

miakilq; khatki; nar mftdin. 

2* mibrace, i^var; kaul!; bagal-glcf; 

ham-ftgoshl ; khapobL 
Oasp^ ▼. 1. Aut tsith a dasp, band L; bhern&^ 

mfindnft; qabsa, iakra, ya baksu& lagna. 

2. embrace, gale lag&nlL; kauli bharua; 
akT&r leni ; bagal-gir . h. ; ham-kin&r h. ; 
aiilii&; lipUni. 

dmapediM kia boaom. (MM »c lagikgdU 

3. etUmne^ lipatuft; bal kh&n&; pech 

4. grasp^ g&hn&; paka^nl; mutthi men 
lea&y j% b&ndhn& ; pakarul. 

Oasp-knifa, u. chiqtL 

OQasiy n. 1. order or ranh, darj&; martabah; 

pftjft; mtbi. % denomination, zit; jtns; 

qism; raqam; bhlnt; prakir; baran; nau. 

3. division, bhig; qismat. 

4. {of students) jamaat; darja. 
or fellow, ham-jamiat ; ham-eabaq. 

of persons, firqe ke asbkhis ; jathi. 
laboring class, mazd&r log ; kamere. 
eleus, pe:ike-var; by^plri. 
v.. A. tartih deiift; tartib-v&r rakhnft; 
b&-tartib k. ; sajana ; ba qa&iah lag&tia. 

filaMicai, adj. 1. of the first class, 

anrai qisui k&; mnatanad; motamad; 

Wik dai]€ kft. 2, {Greeb and Boman) YOti&nl ; 

Bftnd. 3. r^ned, shiiitah; ftk^ih. 

a cfwiiwil omOssof, moatapad musanolf ; ustid. 

ClassiCi n. mastanad kitub ys^ mnsannif. 
CiaisicSy n. YuniniaurRamimustanadkit&ben. 
GUsaificatioil, n. tartib; ailailah-baudi ; jin- 
swail ; tajuis ; taqsim. [rakhna. 

CLassifjy Y. a. qismat k. ; tafiiq k..; b&-tartib 
Clatter, v. n. 1. make a raltUng sound, kha- 
^kua; kha^khatb; jhaijhar k. 

2. chatter, ten ten k. ; mtna ; barbar&na ; 

bakvas ya bakvad k. ; bakua ; jhak mama. 

Clatter, o. khatkhat ; kharkharflhat ; khanldiana- 

hat; (hoofs f pat pat;' tap tap; rap rap. 
clatter of arms, hath\&roii kl kharkharabAt. 
Clause, n. jnmla; dafE; tukra. [bhau tukr&. 
adverbial elaiue, jumla tAba-i-fel ; kiry& bishe- 
ClaYate, GlaYated, Clayiform, adj. 

(i9o^)mugdar jai8&; gura-i^; gadi-daul. 
ClaYicle, u. haasli; bans. 
Claw, n. [0. 6er. ehlijtan, H. ehtrnd to cleave.] 
l,nail, uakhGn; nakh; nauh. 
2. the whole footy panju; chutigal. 
claw of a crab, qainulii. 

Qaw, Y. a. I. tear or scratch, panja m&rna; 

nochna; choiitna; noch dilnft; bakotna; 

nohatta, uakhuu, panjah, yi cbiiugal m!lrna. 

2. flatter, .khujlaul; sahl&nfi; (SUvng.) 

khusye 8ahl&na;phuslan&; raugau-i-qazmahia. 

Clav me and I'll elaw thee. Prov. 

T^ mujhe kkujd, mtun tujhe khujaith, [jou.) 

{Tu mujh ko, to main tujk ko. ProT. You me, I 

Clay, n. [Per. git] ohikni mitti ; gil ; gSoA. 
We are all made uf the an me clay. 
Sab ek h% mittt se bane hath. 

day-bradned, matya-thas. 

daybuill, made of day, adj. kachchS; mittl-ki. 

da-y for fire brick, brick clay, Int bauine to[ 

mitti; pathni mitti. . 
clay mixed with sta'aw, phlny&n ; kah-gaL 
clay-moulding, saiiche meii mitti dhalna. - 
clay -pit, khadaua. 
chaVcy clay, kha^ya mitti. 
cold clay, cold as clay, thandK mitti. 
potter's clay, knmhar ki mitti; chiknl mitti; 

bartanon kl mitti. 

.' . 

prepared clay, gara ; gilawa. 
Clayed, adj. mattiyar; matila; matyala. 
Claymore, n. du-dasti ya do-qabze kl talwar. 
Clean, adj. h free from dirt, saf; ujla; p&k; 

Clean hands want no washball. Frov. 

Pdk htUhok ko ubtan lyd f 
% guiltless, pak;'8af; shudh; khai^; nir- 
dosb; be-guuah; masum. 

Create in me, a dean heai't, Ood ? 
Mere man kd ddg dho <U, he Sdmd f 

S.neat,^i; be-lig; kori. 
4. e7itire, bilkul ; sif ; be-rok ; be-gal o gash. 
He made a dean sweep. Ut ne to jhdtH de di. 

a dean bUl of health, taiidurustl, y& sibat-n&ma. 
Clean, adv. wMly, s&f; sar&sar; sarSlpi; bil- 
kul; mutlaq. 

Clean gone. Sdf cAo&l gayd ; kord nikal foyA. 


Clean, Qsaue.T.a. aiSk. ; m&fijna; chb&iitiia; 

dlioDft; (a te«f /) chliiutn& ; udihni; ng&riift. 
Heaii out, p3k bhF k. ; jh&fnL [cliha. 

Clean-limited, idj. (a hortt) h&th pinii ka ach- 
QeaoliiiesB, ClMimeH. II. 1. (p'<s/iieat) njl&i; 

ujlri-pan; uirmalti; suthiHi; naftant; 

tabartit. 2. (mora^) etiHH; tah&rat; p&kizagl; 

p&ki; nafl-at 1 siichtha. 

CUanCinea it neit tu godlioeu. ProT. 

Sci/di yflrifli. 

Cleaaly, adv. salal, suthral, yi piklzagi ae; aaSiS 

kcsath; ba-tahirati iiaf^satse; ba-wuEiL 
(Seanly, adj. ar; pak; uir-mal ; p&kisa. 
Clear, adj. I. tramparent, ujai^ar; HhUhi-8*; 

shaflEir.''2. mani/ul, Eahir ; ult :&hir ; ashk&nl ; 

aj^an; rauahnii ; parghat; iAt; haTuida; 

pratakdh; muUaiyan^ Rarlb. 

To g«t > eUar idea. £.?/ (li/ imMajbid. 
It it clear. Ttk t/l/ tShir iai. 
3. evidrnt, a&bit ; l&raib ; U i-ad ; ll-kal&m ; 
biltl sbak. 4. (erene, eaf; kbiil& hoi. 

5. ;'w«, niriijal ; nithri ; kh&Iis ; e&f; and ; 
asal. 6. iviits, tes-faUm ; zahin ; iQdras; zakl; 
libr-buddhi ; budb-tiiin. l.unapoUfd. air-doah ; 
nir-apr&dh; be-gun&h; piE; bejurm. 

A dear ounicicDce in b lurs c*rd. Frav. 

iK: it gavgki facAetl Aoi. 

S.yi-M {-)/ d'h>) behaq; bad; pik. 

1 ottvn wiihed Ihat I hod dear. 
For life, ail hundred pouniln a-yeir. Stnft. 
MUeii mujK ko, aliar ftk ciilitA tliS jl, 
BapaechkaHaidrharbaraijUejt/ F. C. 

9./reti/rom deductions, khara. khuri; ni- 
kb'inha. IO.o^mh, khuli; sifj bo-rok. 

11. acquitted, barl; bari-uli;iinmi ; rihl; 
rahit; khiilaa; iki%<\. 
clear as a bell, s&f jaise ghante kl iv&z. 
clrar ax ergiUil, billaursa aS,t 
clear gain, m-hib ; aU nafa. 
clear line, (/iatiuioj/) kh&ll sarak. 
Ctflar, adv. 1. plainly, B&f s&f; kbula khula 
2. wholly, Ba.riaAT ; bil-kiil; mutlaq; si£ 

Ha bit her ear e^Kir off. ViH tantil/ kAt ItgB. 

clear at day, vox raiishan. 
Clear, t. a. I . remose obilaelei, s&f kami ; hata- 
ni ; dar k. ; rafS k. ; dafa k. 

2. remove ob/euritiet, etc., mine, ja arth 
kholni; eif bayan k. 

Hnnj kuottj pointe there Are, 
Which all diicara. but few osti eltar. Prior. 
Baktit ifqdt ai*t kaiii jin pr tab ham 
JkagarU kaih, hoi lA tartfhaik kata. F. C. 

3. clarify, mail chh&Atn^ ; sSfk., ji katna ; 
nirmalk. ; phirna; nitii"irii&; toraa. 

4. acquit, bar! k. ; nir-doKhi thairana ; rih& 
k.; kfaalM k.; nUt&iii k. 

5. leap over mlhoiU tottrMn;/, phaliln^iii ; 
chbaliingroama; ph&u'in&; taptpn&; iipib. 

tltar 1 ship, rUidSri ka parwina hlsil k. 
i:har f'om anthigait;/, shak dflr k.; m'mo Bftf 
^hir k.; ibfafcm nSi, k. 


cle'ir land, or teonrllandt, jaiigal kUtiia yit B&f 
k. I khet nik&lnft. ' [khllT k, 

clear the hold, jahfii se asb&b utarni; jahtc 

eleir the way! rastah cbhi>ro ! poish poisb! 
poia puis ! bacho baoho. 

Clear, Clear up, v. n. l.6«con«/(n>, khul j&ni; 
khulna; mntia elF h. 

The tVy cleared. Atnin 'df \o gaya. 

2. lo bt disenfagt I, chhiitna ; chh^tkiirt 

p&na ; bari h ; (arie h. ; faitgat pi'il. ; thill 

baithui; khalislpini; chhutH miln*. 
3.(Ba"iity) chiikria; uibatna; taS h.; 

Ttid dafi h. ; parchhH h. 
r?eaf o«(, iiikal jana. ; cbalejRna; khi'i k. 
eltar aieay, ftsbib uthin^; ja-ab khali k.; dfk, 
lo i/st clear nff. bhS'^jini; chiiinpat h. ; kiHrli. 
Clearanes. n. ]. nth&o; Hafill. 2. Port dtara^tt, 

ctrtiji'ate, rahdiiit ka parvatia; ravannt; 

mfiraif-patr ; chaliii ; nikisi ; bahti. 
Clear-headed, adj. bo-d&r-unags! ; rauHhan-dimig, 
Clearly, adv. I. in a clear maimer, aktaif; 

Bfdhii; khol-ke. 2. mam/ettly, M.f ; earih; prv 

taksb; la-kalim; biU shak. 
aeamess, ii. safai ; aatihat [i baaftnt 

Clear-sighted, adj. teinaBur ; mnbawir; ahl- 
Clear Bightedness, n. tez-uazari; be-dar ntogd; 

ankh; baaarut; fiiayit. 
deUBtarch, v. a. kalaf d , ya chafhana; al^ 

j-a mfivi (^lu^'haIltL. 
Ctearat&rcher, n. kalaf deue-vila. 
Cleat, n. 1, patti; jor; puahtiban ; p»tl; 

cbif ya ; tukrae.' 3. iron fatCened to »hoe*, niL 
Cleavable, adj. chime yi phirne ke qabil. 
CleaTage, n. phar; cbli ", HhigaF. 
ClBaTO,v.n.a<iWe,la^yiliptarahna; chimtt 

yi eatarahui; lipatnb; cbipakiii; chimatni. 
My biine» cUavt lo mj ikin. Pr«T. 

Bdd eh&m tk ko rakS ilai. 
A liiftn Uftvea hia Mrauta and dtava untA his 

wife. [*«;■ 

idml ml Mp to dihorMr jora ke pichhe ho lili 

OleaTe, v. a. eplit, chlrua; pharii5; kUni; 

chatiraitg mama. 

To iJeiTiw ill two. DaUIck.; duf^Sfh.i HA 

men te cliirai. 

Cleave, v. n. chima; phatna. [ohipw. 

Cleaver, n. qa'dU ka chhura ; hiicdi ; (Si^.) 

Cleft, n. I. crevice, darlr; dan; cbak; phU. 

2. (Bot.) Bhigaf; kliuli hui fkbor, 

Cleft-footed, adj. chirt yi phat.4 biii pSoi, ji 
Cleft^jpraftiiLg, n. darakbt meu pevand tagini. 
Clematii, n. {Bot.) bel; lattar; lata. [biri 

Clemency, n. uarmT; mulaimat; hilm; burd- 
Clement, adj. narm-dil ; miil&yam ; halim. 
Clench, Clinch, v. a. 1. ^raup firmly, maabOt 

pakapiS. 3, mnke conclatire, band k. ; ajijk.; 

tniig k- ; mat k. [ni- 

c'«mA ojw'j.jwi, mutthT bSadhnil; ghflfiBi bai* 
clity.h the hurgain, bat, yi muiinia pakU k. 
clinch t!ie argtmeml. dalil kttni \ babas khatam k. 
Clepsydra, n. plnl kt ghati. 
Cleptontania, n. bilth kl chul ; amirina chori. 




n; i^diion k& firqa. [se biz hilat men* 
fclergy,pSAiioii ki baiiat ad&lac-i-faujd&r 
nan, u. p&drl. [MnnsbUna; k&tib ka* 
l,a'ij.l .padrio& se mutaalliq ; padriana. 2. 
error, katib, ya mubatTir ki galatf. 
I. 1. scribe, katib; muharrir; lekbak; li- 
I, navisinda; mushrif; patwari; lekhan- 
; raqim. 

rbe clock goes as it pleiiseii the Clerk, Prov. 
Ghantd ehaU ja'te munsAi ehdhe. 
OkoUi kutyd aur jtiUblah ki rakhvdlU Pror. 
(in Comp.) navls. 
parish clerk, {Hldrf k% naib. 
' the court, n^iir ; mubarrir-i-ad&lat. 
' the marktt, nirkhl ; bb&o-Iikhy&. 
hing clerk, muharrir-i-rav&ngl. 
'Urh, m&l manshL 
g clerk, miiharrir-i-supurdagl. 
', adv. fazil&oa ; hoshylUr ; umdah. 
adj. chatur; suchet; hoshyftr; syaua; 
ik ; phurtllfi ; prabin. 
y, adv. cbaturai se; cb&Uki, tamlz y& 
yari se ; htinar-mand!« y& khusbasldbi se. 
less, n. cbatu rill ;ho8hy ill ; chllaki; ch&- 
dasti; hunar-mandl ; prabiut&I; khusb- 

Hoe, n. 1. ball of thread, pechak; moiy&; 
; kuk^i ; taggi ; attf sQt kl golf. 2. trace, 
; nitibaii ; khoj ; isb&ra ; snr&g ; th&ng. 
a clue, khoj lagina ; sur&g pilt)& ; pat& 
a. [pata batanft. 

a due, khoj, paUl ya surag dena ; ata 

7. n. chatakna : kat k. 
1. chatak; kat. 

n. 1. a dependent, fls&roT. 2. (a lawyer's) 
akkal; {Fae.) shik&r, &3&m!; chiry&. 
. khariL chat&n. 

S n. [A. iqlim,] 1. air, hava; &b o hava; 
mausam. 2, clime, iqllm;mulk; des; 
r. [badal. 

of climate, tabdil-i-^b o havi; pauu panl 
^ adj. ab o hava ka. 
, n. jumle jin men tashbih ba-tadrlj 
Irij-i-ftla ko pahuncheu ; urOj, 
▼. n. charhna ; bilaugna. 
OUmb not too high lest the fall be the greater. 

ProT. Vitcke eharho na niche giro. 
To climb Bt«ep bills requires slow |Mce at first. 
Shak, Uhche pakdr ehafkne meh pahle aahj 
tahj pair dkarjie ehShiyeh. 

r« n. 1. one who climbs, cha^h^aiya ; charh- 
Lla; bilangiya. 2. (Bot,) bel ; lattar ; 1at&. 
(Ornith,) tot&; khut-barhal 
CUng to» v. n. laga rahna ; chimat janS ; 

*tn^; chipakna; lipatna. 

rhia child always elingt to his mother. [hai. 

Tek baehcka hemesha apnl md ke ehimtd hi rahtd 

V. n. jhanakua ; jhaDJhan&na ; jham jham 


. 9u I. cui off, k&tn%; katarn&; tar&sbna ; 

m k. 2. eurtail, k&tni ; gbatftnft ; kotfth 

rrakhtasar k. ; sankshep k. 

clip one's words, harf cliabaDil ; chab&kar bolna. 
clip the wings, par kitD& ; par qainch k. 
cut and clip, kat chh&tit k. ; qata burid k. 

Clipper, n. pan-sQi. 

Clipping, n. 1. (coin) cbbeni la^nil; tukra 

kitua. 2. whet is clipped of, katran; chhan- 

tan; chhaut; rezgl; (pi,) chhSnt chhOnt. 
diqne, n. khas log. 
Clitoris, n. tan& ; tita ; tamkani ; bhagtan ; tnn- 

tuui; butn&; bichkalii; bicha; pataka. 
Cloak, n. \, gixrment, labada; fargni ; jubbH; 

ghuggi; b&rSuI; baran-kot; h&i^Di.kurta ; 

chuga ; j&ma. 2. {Met,) cover, parda ; tatti. 
Under the clonk of piety. Pdrtdl kejdmemek. 
Cloak, y. a. parda dllna ; dhilnpn& ; chhupina. 
Clock, n. 1. time piece, ghantii ; ala-i-sftat. 

What o*elock is it / Kyd hajd hat f 

2. of a stocking, moze ki karbat. 

astronomical clock, siat-i-nujfkm. 

e^e'jtric dock, maqnatisl ghanta. 

Cloc'c-finger, n. ghante ki sQi. [banane-val&. 

Clock-maker, n. gha^-s&z; ghanta y& ghari 

Clock-tower, n. ghant&-ghar. 

Clock-work, n. ^lante jaisi thik kal. 

regular as clock-work, ghauta sa thTk ; b&-qaedah. 

Clod, a \,lump, dhel&; dali; dali; dhim^; 

dhem; kulQkh. 2. earO^, matti; mitt!; mat!; 

gil. 8. vUe or base thing, na-chiz ; hech ; pQch ; 

mitti; khSlk. 4. dod-hopper, gobar-^anesh ; 

mitti ka madho ; ahniaq ; gaxiv&r (Blockhead). 
Qodpated, adj. matya tha^s ; raittJ k& ro&dho ; 

bail ; gadha ; dh igga ; gh&ma^ ; kund-zahn ; 

Clog, y. a. 1. hamper with a load, bojhal k. ; 

bojh y& dab&o d&lni. 2. hinder, rokna ; &r 

1ag&n& ; atkan& ; mnz&hamat k. 
Clog, y. n. phasnE; lipatna; chipakn&; chipat- 

ni ; chippakh ho j&na ; chin)atn&. p^he^. 

Clog, n. 1. encumbrance, bojh; bhar; b&r; ba- 

2. hindrance, atk&o ; rok tok ; barjat ; sad ; 

muz&hamat ; mane. 3. woodfn shoe, kha|%on ; 

baddhl-d&r khar&on ; chamatln. 
Cloister, n. I. a covered arcade, mehr&b-cUlr 

chhatta. 2. monattery, takiya; ma^hi; hujra; 

kuti; khilnqah. [khandL 

Cloiiterdd, adj. goshe-nasbin ; tyagi; t&rik; ban- 
In ehittered state let selfish sages dwell, [stone. 

Proud that their heart is narrow as their cell. Shen^ 

Nij-tudrthl §ant janoh ko roKne do hanMahd mek. 

Man ekkotd kai kutl §S unkit Kaigarabk yek man meh. 

CAosC, y. a. 1. shut, band k. ; michna; mQndn&; 
bhernft ; samput k. ; laglLna ; den& ; m&mQr k. 

2. finish, park y& takmil k. ; saropQran k. ; 
sam&pt k. ; ikhtit&m k. ; tam&m k. ; khatam 
k. ; bisarjan k. 

3. enclose, ghem& ; gher& tUilna ; balqa- 
band! k ; inuh&sara k. 

close a business, len den band k., y& mauqfif 
k. ; k&r o bkr band k. ; k&r-khina uth&o&; 
koth! band k. 


cbw aewmdt, hU&b khaUm k, ; ItkhM, pAiil k. ; 

fa nibUiA; \Affi >'& bttchat uikMai. 
eloie the Mart, kachnhri barkhltit k. 
r^M (Ae ei/t, liikh baud k., iikQti(]ii&, y% uiicbni. 
doie, V. u. 1. uiii<9, milita; jtirui; juti>&; siit- 

ili;litgiit. 2. (I'n/y/it) jutu&i bhinii.; l:[mtnk. 
ta ftoHon,with,or ujon, ruuti^ar k.; uiiglkAr 

k. ; (miilDilii) pakka k. 
ehu itp, I. {a tcou'id), mil jiaajbhamS; band 

h. 2. (t/fjimicA, mil jana ; p&d }a nazdik £ii&. 
Cloie, n. an iueloitd jilact, gherft; siihati; aliiti. 
Cloas, n. roni'/ii«(on, aut; akblr^ taiTiinii; an- 

jim; it! aii; khiLtiDia, ikbtitim; iutehi. 
CUlA, adj. \. ihul fall, band; muiidl ; bbiif- 

l)ua; taAg; I'liusl. 3. jenf «;', bhac&huai 

khaUiA kliacb. 3 canjiurd, band. 
4. Mclui/ed, bakht; kufi^ Bangin. 

A clow prinoilpr. Saflt hlrint M ffaWl, 

&. near, niiiUnail; lags luge; la^ bhag^ 
bhiri;tDiUi dhore; nofe; pis; qatib; &« 
pla ; iinzdik ; nikat. 

Clott aits II. J sbirt, bntoloaer my nkin. Prov. 
iTu/r* It eAamri jnrti ioi. {Jpnd uf ■*, joJr 

^iC, Prov.) Wb«re'gr my D'inr I find. 
Some dire initfurtitiie (»ll»ws cJok Mhind.^qpo. 

St iaia tSth apixr MM Aoi P. C. 

6. tuidei-ialing, slJhft; ij&dhr&; bemor tor. 

7. ftf«ref, taht lai'd; Ufi ba lafz ; lufil 

A doM tranalntiou, Lafi! tatjamak. 

8. compot*, thw; gafigio j Bifi; kasif; gaf; 
giitil; giitijati ; Y»» pis. 

9. precitf, thtk ; Hnhi ; pOrl. 

A due «bMrv«. Mid rfAi'yrfnf i ionlsAU, 

10. (nfi*n»(«ig^Aili&">dftm;be-takaUuf. 

11. wor/y ejuoi, big bbi.g; lags Inga; p&i 
pis; dbtire dhuie. 

A e(9K»li»v8. ftfl 1/™- tfi/nrj. 

A dJoif game. Lnj) bkag yd liaribar ll boH. 

12. r«ficfnf,ki)iinosh;'^hupi:hSp;niauhbaBd. 

13. jiartiBiOHtQut, kaujDs; sOmj b&bhtl 
U. (Bol.) ghinkl 

eloM-lodied, kiisa ; chiist. 

eloie-handrd, tang-dil; iang*cha«bm. 

cCoK i/uarleri. mut-bher; bhire. 

cloie to or bj/, cloie ol hand, lag bbag; neje; 

iiazdik ; is pas ; dhore ; ore dbore ; qarlb. 
eloic to the wind, ban a ke lukh par ; havA ke 

aath. [ jftul ; qabr men BonS. 

the S' at* cloaiitg over out, qabr men rakkba 
to tlott oius't eyea. inkh band k. ; aiartii. 
Close, adv. Ugi log; ante sato; bhli4-ke. 
CIoHly.adv. I. near, pas jAs; U pasjla^-bg; 

sate ; bhife hue ; bbii»-ke. 

2. attentivelif, dhiyan Be ; gaur Be. 
(Hoianeas, n. 1. narrouruM*, Biikrao; Bukef; 

tnngi; kotahl; rukiwat. 2. vicinity, nnidikl; 
paroa ; qiirb ; qurbat ; shufa ; hum-divir!. 

3. thickiie$>, ghan ; kaaiijtt ; gau^itu. 

4. teereey, chhupio; posbidjl; ikhfSL 
dotena» (of tke atmoip/iert) gbot ; ghiijan ; gha- 

maa; umu: bummas. 



01(»utool,n. paikhineki kursi; chnuki 
Closet, i>. J. tmatt private roon, kotbil; kam- 
m; khiWat-khaiia; khilwat-gih; hu)ra. 

Wh«D thou praywt enter iulu th» Hotel. 
Namoi tipHt iivire ntft parAnt eliShiyt. 

3. refoiitory, &13 ; tiq ; atniirf. 
CloBflt, V. a. 1. eanital in it eloitt, kotbri jf 
hujre mefi band k , yi chhuf& rakhiii. 

2. (/orawcrtinferu/eto), khalvatk.; khal- 
Tat-gSfa nieii mulaq^t k. 

The king eloitUd theiiiiDiitcrtiruhounta.d*7. 
Aj pitlthfh Ki radr « </a gSaiUe kJia!tat H. 
Clot, II. thakka; tjiagin; thappaf ; iiitbi; diak- 

bSii i obakka ; bbiud. 
Clot, V. a. jomui; luuDJamad b, ; ch&katU 
baudbuS ; baudhua; basta b. ; bblud ba;udh' 
ni; thakki h. ; ghutthal h. 
Cloth, n. 1. tcoven doth, kapr&j pArcha; baatar. 

2. ptv/ettioa, peeba; dbauda; k&r. 

3. i:itrg!/, padri; [>adri log. 
doth/or the taUe, chidar; dast&r-khiT&a. 
elotU mi'U. kapte kl kal. 

doUt uiidf u Middle, Daindfu 

dolkwvrker, kapri bu]iDe-vilA;julib&; kolL 

Jlaor d-jth, j^ftui ; £arsh. 

horae doth, gardanl. 

rrctc/oM, kb&rwi; qand; aalu; tDl, 

tn lay thr doth, cbailar j& dastar-kbniit bi- 

I'hbaiii ; mei Ingiui, 
tooo>len doth. Qui kapri; pnttQ; pntU. 
ClothD, T, a. kapre y^ pi>»hak pahn^ni; kappe 

urbiut ; kapre d. ; kap^tt k& khaioli d. ; kap- 

re Be khubut-^tri k. 
to feed and dnt.'ip, roti knp^ d. ; tan pet kl 

khabar leui ; paUn k. ; parwariah k. 

The; clolAe Lhe nak^il mil Fml Ihe hiiDgij. 

If ol fliii'>^ to kapra oar bhUltc Id rofl dOt Haiti. 

Clothed, p. p. (in Comp.) poiili, at safcd-poah 

dol/nd i» w/uVe 
Clothes, Clothing, n. pi. pahanne ke kap^e; 

kopT^i poKhitkj lilias; bastar; pirche; pai- 
rabaa ; p&rcba-i-potihtdaiii. 

Fium others beehnll itiind in nredaf nothing, [m. 
Yet on bi> brother ■hatl depend for aUAhiog. MO- 
Gairni k kin tlai ki an Ai^ ad kijal, 
Apnoi It magar kaprni H mlctSega turtrat. F. C. 

•tothet badcet, maile kap|;iin kl tok^L 

■lather bruth, kaproii ki biiruBii. 

dot! et-hortr, kapi-oA ki ghnrl 

dolhet-ptg, kaproii kf khfliHL 

cajit r.lothea, utraii ; iitmn putran; m&il-khoiL 

old dntha, purino kapre. 

Clothier, n. knpfe-T&la! ^rtlS. 


Clotted, Clotty, nilj.jnmi hull; thaprS; tbap- 

paj; ohftka'ta; muiijanmd. 
Clond, n. bidal^ badlijghnti; ghatft ghtlmat; 

gbau ; abr. 

To pierce or touch the rlinuU. 

JitaiAn K bStfh larnn; AoAur tu'ini/ h. 

ftrrutdoiid, patle aur phnjle hue lA kl. 
cumalvt doud, ghnn-ko bidaJ ; dal bfcdal. 




nimbus cloudy bars&tl badal abr-i-l)arati. 

to be under a cfoud^ kisl illat meii makhdz h. 

to gather (doudi), badal ikhatte hunSl ; g^^ta 

&I1&; bSUial ghiriia. 
CloQd, Y. a. dliundlE ya andhera k. 
doud-capt, adj. badal so ghira ; liucha ; buland. 
Ciowi'Oapt towers. Atmdn »c takkar kkdU-hut hurj, 

GUmd-coxnpeller, n. b&dal jama ya ikhntta 
kame-vala ; badal ka malik ; asmau ka bad- 
shlh; Indar. 
Gbndinesd, u. 1 . badll ; ghata ; abr. 2. dim^ 
. ness, dhundhla-pan ; gadla-pan ; aiidhera. 
0lo1|jdl6M, adj. saf ; khuU ; uikhra. 

A chudUti sky. Mutld iaf, Nikhra dtman. 
Oiradj, adj. 1. badal cbhaya hua; ghanghor; 

|^t& j& badal ghir& hua ; uninana. 

A domdp day. Umnand din. [malQl. 

2. gloomy, sust; udas; malm; mukaddar; 
A cloudy countenance. lldHt ckehrtL 

3. wanting eleamess, dhundla ; maila. 

A doudy diamond. Mdnd ya dhundld hlrd, 

4. obscure, mubham ; muglaq. 
doudif vision, dhuud, 
Qont, n. 1. doth for any mean tise^ chithi^; 

latt&; potra; dusmal; pochhau. 

A dout upon that head where late the diadem 

atood. Sktikei, 
Thd muktU jii sUpeuitUpe chithrd Kai a6. 
flia garmenttf nought but many ragged cloiUs, 
Uske kapre the siffphaU chWtre, 

' t. po^, pewand; thegli; jor. 

3. a blow with the knuckles^ uiukkL 
Qdlltk ▼. a. 1. paichy pewaud ya thegli lagatia; 

^nthua ; [^ra-dozi k. 2. strike^ mukka marua ; 

dukyau& ; mukyaua ; gbusiyaua. 
CI6'?6,ki. \.spice,\A\xhg\ qaraufal. 
t. (of garlic), lahsan ki pothL 
Gkyroiiy P* P* chira-hua ; phat^-hua. 
cloeem-fbot, 1. khuri ; khur. 

2. (JfeLjlshot ; khubs ; bad-maahi ; shararat. 
domen-footed, khuii-dar; p^ata-khur. 
to show ike doven-foot, khot ya bad-uiyati zahir 

k. ; apul zat jataua. 
Qover, n. tipatyagtias ; tarfil 
go from clover to rye-grass, gehQn ki chhop-kar 

jau ki khaua ; malldah, ya giri chhuare chhor- 

kar bims khaua. 
to live in clover, pauchoii unglian ghi men bona ; 

iiuuid meii i ahaa ; alalle talalle k. [kisau. 
domi, u. 1. rustic, gaiiwar; dahqaui; dehail; 

Obnams are best in their own company, but gentle- 
men are be^t everywhere. Pro v. 
GuHdd soke guadoii nuii, aur bJuiUd fndnoi Kar kaklii,'ir«^, ill-bred man, ganvar; akkhar; 

njad; j3,t; bid-khulq adml; be-tamiz ya iia- 

ah^Uta adml. Z. buffoon, bhaud; bhaudcla; 

Qiasskliai-a \a uaqqal 
CbwnUll, a'ij. gaavai*fl ; anghar ; akkliar ; ujad ; 

atian ; bail ; uH-tarS^ida ; be-tauilz. 
downiiaiitos, u. gauvar-pau; akkhar-pan; 

ai)ghar-|>atia ; bad-tjallqagl. 

Cloy, V. a. 1. sate, ser k. ; a^haua; cbhakaiia; 
uiutaua ; muuh pherua ; jl bbarna ; iiktaua. 

Who can c/03/ the hungry e^lge of ap^^ebite 
By bare imagination of a feiust? Shak, 

Khydli ziydfat $ebhukki dykahih bujhtl futi t 

2. (Farriery) jite sum men mekh thokna. 
to be chyed, ser h. ; ji bhariia ; chhakua ; inunli 

phinia ; ji ya rUh bharua. 
dub, u. 1 . a lieavy stick, lath ; S(jiita ; band! ; 
gurz; gadkS.; gada. 2. of card-'<, hukiu. 
3. assembly, (6'or.)kalab; anjumuu; majlis. 
dub, V. u. chaude se rupaye jama k. ; chittba 
baudhua; bihri k. [thiyrui bhejna. 

clubbimj of letters, ek chitthT ke andar kai chit- 
dub-fisted, adj. ghQusft ; barh-mukka ; gadSika. 
dub footed, adj. paon-phira. 
dub-law, u. zonlwarl; zabar-dasti; dhlnga 
dhliigl BallQ ka raj; jiski lathi usKi bhaiutt; 
ji:ikl teg uski deg. 

There is no law but club-law. 

Btd 7uduk labtd hai. {Juki Idthl utki bhaihs.) 

dub-man, n. lathait ; latbyal ; lath-band ; iathl- 

baz ; sote-bardar : baudi-baz. 
duck, V. a. kut kut k. : kutkutRuS, ; kir kir'ina. 
dump, Q. 1. a shapeless mass, bhiud; lauuda. 

2. a cluster of trtes, jhund. 
dump of bamboos, kothi; thaua; blra. 
dumsily, adv. auaii pan se ; au-g-rh pane sc ; 

be-dliiuige-pan se ; burl tarah se. 
dumainess, u. anari-paua; be-dhaiiga-pan ; 

anghar-paua ; bad-uslftbi ; be-saliqagi. 
dum3y,adj.anarl;an-ghar; be-dhaiiga; phiiar; 

bad-vaza; ua-rar^shfda. 
duster, n. iruchchha; giippha; gail; jhund; 

khosha; ghaud; jbumka. 

A duster of grape**. Ami&r kd khosha. 
A cluster of Btars. TarS-ffutW. 

duster, V. n. 1. guchcha, ya khosha h. 

2. congregate, ikhatta h. ; jaam h. [dastali. 
dutch, n. grasp, math ; chungal ; paiija ; qabza ; 

But age with his Btealiii^ stepd 

Hath cluwed me iu Iiin clutch. Shak. 

Par burhape ne dabe pdoh st d-kar, hag hag / 

Apiiepanjoh men inujhechapsedabochd, fuighaef F.<.'. 

to fall into one* s cbUclies, kisi ko panjoii men 

dutch, V. a. \. gripe, mutthi njcii pakarna; 

math marna; hathiyaiia; qabze men lana. 
dyster, n. piclikai 1 ; amal ; shafii. 
Co-, Con-, [Lat. com-, H.«a-, sati-, sam-, A, ham, 

with] ham-, sang; sath; sa-. 

Co-wife. Sa-patni ; siuitau ; stuikan. 
Coach, n. [Lat. coiwha, H. sanhh, qhmga a 

sLell : or, Skr. kri^h. Per. kash, H. khen<-h 

draw ] 1. savarl ki garl [usta I. 

2. a special tutor, itntih&n pQra karaue ka 
hackney conch, kn*5.e ki gan ; theka-garl. 
coach driver, gariban ; kuch-van. 
Coach, V. a. yrepare jor public examination by 

private iuitruction, imtuhan ke vaste khaiiLci 

tallm dena. [koch-bak.s. 

Coach-bax, koch-van ke baithne ki jagah ; | 
- ^ 



Coachee, Coaolunan. ii. koch-v&D. 
CoadmialcCT, n. ^ari banane-TlU. 
Coacanuuuaip, d. kochvarii. 
Coadjutor, n. aiihiyah ; m^dod^r ; raii&vin ; 

aharik ; mtiiuidd \ f avar. 
Co-Bgeacy, n. aiijh&; ehirkutj shirakat. 
Co-agNit, n. wjhT; aharlk; slii, 
Coa^lato, V. n. jatnua; chakl^ b. ; hnMbni; 

b^sta h, ; mimjarand b. 
Coagulation, u. jamao- jamavat; injimad; 

l>aKt,i;i. i^ntli, 

Coagulam, n. chnkka ; thakka ; chakfciti ; anthi ; 
Coal, II. [Lat. citla-e, Skr.jvai, M.jal to burol 

koiili; kSiiii l((i«l& ; patthar ka koelit. 
alive coal, six\a^tA kogli; dahaktilkuel&; aiiga- 

ra; patan^ 
to carry eonlt to Neweaj^U. ulto biiia Barelly ko ; 

bftg meik ph&l le'jaiii; ulti Gaik;^ bahaiia. 
!o Adul oeer the eoaU, bhftnuii ; kabab k. ; lat&r- 

II&; jliattia; &re hftth lenJL 
Coal, V. a. 1. k<>elak. ya.baiiaDa. [dalni. 

2. supply with eoal, koela d., jhokiia, _va 

To coal a ateamer Ai/anboi mm Mia cU^Hd^ 

Coal.v. n. koiila lena. 

Coalblwk, adj. kaU koSlft; tel tavS. 

Coalesoa, v.u. jurua; miloa; ikhatti h. fittisal. 

CoaleiDSnce, n. miUo; jo^; ikbtilit; imtizSj; 

CoalflBld,n. koele k& saaid&a. 

Cballieaver, d. kuUle dtiuue-vila. 

Cjalitioa, n, mel ; ittifiiq. 

Coalmine, Coalpit, n. koele ki kan. 

Coalscuttle, n. koelo-dai). [^'arbl ; kari. 

CoaTde, adj. [il. gaThA gross] 1 . not fine, mota ; 

2. uw^fined, kathoha; kliira. 

3. dually, aidri; bbrtdda 4. rvdi, angbar; 
akkhar; ujnd; jat; ii&-tariabida; kaj-akhlaq ; 
kajkhiilq. 5. not deiieafe (language) bakni; 
Siiiidi ; f'.hsh. 

Coarse 'grained, adj. mote reshe ya rave kl. 

Coarsenesi, II. 1, wane of finmeia, khurdara 
pan ; I'uklirk-pnii ; motlpaii. 3. growteis, 
akkhar-pau ; kiirnkhtagi ; duruahH. 
3, inileticacy, lA-sbiistagi. 

Parflon the cn-intnTU "f mj tongue f [til* tnvtlf ! 

Merliathlhileialliiliafkh kkigdl mil^tgS I Outli- 
Coaisesior, u. ea-panuli ; bam-B~t1ia. [sabil. 

C^ait, n. darya k& kiii&i'i; chhor; B^gartat; 
lite roi^-t it r/ear, niaidlii kbill liai; liiate meu 

k^iulib khatra nalilu hai. 
Coait, V. 11. kiibil k<i kinSre kinilre le-jana. 
CoaUg^rd, u. gftgir-tir chauki. 
Coaaling, adj. kinare kinare jjihli-r^ni. 

a'ting trade, sabill-tii&i'al ; c:hhor-bfti:aj, 
eoiuting vevl, kiiiare kl kishti; d&bil ki jahaz. 
Coat, II. I. vpjier garment, niigrezl a^garkUi; 


2. hair or fur, lial; samur; tin; pashm. 
Z. exUrnal covering, chhilki; poatj kb&l. 

The eonlt nf the eyo. PapoU. 

Th» eoaU of »n quIod. Piyde it ehKUit. 

4. (7m Painting) pucbara; tab. 
mat of nrvu, amlri iiialijiii. [cbar i 

coat of mail, baktar; airah baktar; oh 
Coftt, V. a. 1. abra lagana; tab cba;'! 
astarkiil k. 2, coat over, bbarua; p 
qaini k. ; miilamiua k. .i 

Coatcard, n mif; niQrat,; taavlr; gtuijai 

padHbab, b'biva, yi giilai'i. 
Coatee, n. cbbota kot ; be-diman ka kot. 
Coating, n. 1. lep; leo; puuhacii; rang^ 

2- (in coaiMerce) kuj-ti ka kapri, 
Coattail, n. kiirti ka gao-dum diraan. 
Cjaz, V. a. phualao^ ; daiM dila^ d. ; mt 
Coazei, n. phuel&ae-v&la ; ptiiial^; phii 

Cob, n, tattQ; mijaiio qad ka ghora; miy 

Cob, V. a. (Slang) sir thap-thapaiM ; c 

lagini. I 

Cobalt, n. 1. ek qiaam kl dliat. 2. tJie 

Cobble, V. a. 1. me-id coaruly, gSutbua; t 

yX pevand lagiiiii. 2. do dumi'y, be-dl 

ya phfiar-paTie Be k. ft 

Cobbler, u. 1. cbamar; jQti gaiitbue 

The eobUer; wife U worst shod. 
ChMKilT Hjort •nirtiltjAtt. 

3. a clumsy workman, auap ; kft^ 
hnnar; pbflar. 

Cobveb 1. makrt kiLjala 3, jal; dbokL 
Cochineal, u. 1. kirm-daQah ; kinoiz'fani 
Cook, n. [A. S. COC. H. kukkcir.] 

1. male of jtoiiUrj/, murg; inurga; k 
kukkiir; kiikkat; kburuB. 

Euery cock u proud un hU own dung hill 
Apnlgall n«n tiill£ bki if-er. 
(The dog ia a lion tu liis oitd lime.] 

2. wealliercocle, jbaodi; hava-uiuna 
nunifi. S. a tpoul, toiitl. 

4, {of a fireartit) gburfl; kutti, 5. a 
sar-taj ; chuudbii; luuqaddam; niudh 

My sohoolmMtsr cnlled me b dunce 
fool. [iiehool 

But itt cnffa I was alwnya the cscl 
Go tnuatUm muJJtc kiJitd thd uadtiaktHaq 
Par kamahah larlce bulySnt nien main 

eoct of an arrow, sflfSr ; fir ki nok. 
eoek of the walk, tlsmir khan; gbar ^ 
a fo-k and bull tlory, Iambi chanri kahaii 
to be cock a/ioop. par pburpliaraui ; 1 

bajaiia; bag bag h. ; shekhi mania 

Cook, V, a. 1. »et errii, khnra k. ; charhai 
%.fix the eofk of a gun, j^bora cbarh 
enck vp oiie'e note, iiak cbarliaiia. 
to cock nne'i Uqs, taiigen Qiichi k. ; paou 
ta eoek or prick np one's can, \iS.a kbai 

kanauty&ii badalna; chau-kanna h, 
Cocked-hat, u. jarnaili topi. 
Cockade, ri. fil^ ju topi men pabiia yw. 
Cockatoo, n. (Cor.) kakatOa; ek qiam ki 
Cockatrice, n. ek kbayali aaup jo mui 

atidc men bq pai'di bota bai. 

Ooekcrow, Cockorowing^ n* L bing-innurg; 
&v&4-i-khurli^ 2. moruin^f tark&; uhiry& ke 
bolte; fajar; subah; savera; bhya^i; bbor. 

Coeker, v. a. (fondU) pij&r k. ; lid k. ; dul&r 
k.; ladjJU)& 

CockSTdd, tidj. ]&di&; u&z-parvardah. 

Coektrid by tlie servants round 
Was too ^ood to touch the ground. iM/t. 
Dadd d&y^h $ab- use piydr kartih, 
Zamlh par hxbhl pd^h dkame na detiik. F. C 
Ooek-fight, n. murg-bazl. 
Ooek-fic^hter, n. miiri^-baz ; murg ]araQe-T&l&. 
Cock-horae, u. tert ka gborX. 
Ooekle, n. l.8heil-^h,g\\dng%. 

2. a tceedy a^bH ; ^i&s ptrQus. 
Gocklolt, n. du-cbhatL [ande kS shabzada. 
0ockft6y, n. ek Landan kH rabne-val& ; goya 
Oodcpit, n. 1, tohere ^me coekflgJU; pali;. 
murg )tt ko larne ki jagah.; dai^al. 

2. Battle gjround, akh&ra ; maidan ; khfit. 
Belgium lias been called the cockpit of Europe-. 
Be^iam YOrap Itdakkdrd maahkar kax. 
$. (iV«w^) jaiiglJKhJEz ka taULbana. 
Cockroaoh^ n. til-chata. 

Cockicomby Q. 1. (of 'a cock) kes; kalgf; tsi-i- 
kburftj. 3. (Bot.) kesjir; taj-i-khurfls, 
8. coxcomb, /op, aka]>l:^iili& ; siiigb. jL 
Goekgpor, u. murg-kS kbkr; kant&. 
Cocksure, adj. pai& yaqiu-vala; tlr b»>hadtof 

{ture a§ a guny, 
Goekswaia, n. patvarya. 
Coeooa, n. koya-Sbresham ; koya. 
Cod, u. 1. apod, cbbimi; pKalE 2. scrotum, aud- 
koflh ; f(>ton kl tbaill; ki^a-i-baiza. 
5b Cod-fish, ek qism ki machblt. 

Cod liver oil. KOd machhH ha td. 
Oodfla, V. a. 1 . parboil, nim joab k. ; halka joBk 

y& tib&l dena. 2. treat tenderly, palna posna ; 

timir-dari k. [niyae-sbastar. 

Code, Code of laxri, n.. maj-niQa-i-qavanio ; 
Hindu €9d&, dhuram-sbastar. 
under Ms code, basl>i-marad qaQQn-i-baz&. 
OodgOTi iL turfa majiln ; agle zamane ke log ; 

pui^e dhang ka Sdtni ; pn--i-na-balSg. 
Godidl, u. tatimma-i-vasiyat-nSQiab. [tartib. 
CodifleatiDlL, u. tarllbi-qav&Dki; qautiuou. ki 
Godii^, Y. a. q&!)&noi& ki tartib k. 
CoeiAsieiit, n. (Alg.) sir. 
eaefieieiU of friction (Phys^ ragar-batifl. 
Ooe^lial, adj. bar&bar ; eksan ; ham-sar, 
Ofteree, ▼. a. jabr k. ; najbQr k. ; zer k. ; tang k. ;. 

bal-jori k. ; ba-zor rokua ; jabraD baz ntkbua ; 

mQhz&hicn h. ^ miuSbamat k. 
QNldoiL, n. jabr; zor; rok; atk&o. 
Omdvey adj. sabar-dast; zor-avar; sakht;. 

aangin ; shadid. [blren. 

fmtwt uuasures^ tad&ruk-i-saDgSn ; sakbc tad- 
coercive process, hukin-i-shadKi ;; sakbt-biikm. 
coersipe irmttnent, irtik&b-i-jabr ; jabr o- taaddi 
fa ' ate mal adj. ham-qay&m ; ham-davam. 
Gsetalyadj. [I^t co + smtm^ Skr. dyU, Per. dv&n 

age] ham-ahd ; ham-aaar ; ham-zamaaab. 

Co-ezecator, n. ham-vasiqa. [ jfvi h. 

Coexist^ V. u. ek vaqt b. ; bam-asar h. ; sam- 
Coezistence, n. ham aLadI; bam-asari* 
Cbezistent, adj. bam-vaqt ; bam-asar.. 
Coezteusiye, adj. ham-yasat. 
CofEise, 11. 1. benies, bum 2, the infusion, qabya. 

A smoking cup of coffee bring ! 

Ta Id garm qahve kd piydUk mujhe/ 

Coffee-house^ u. qabva kfaaua. [chakkE 

Coffee-mill, a. qabva pisue kl chakkl; buu- 

Coffee-pot, n. qabva-dau. 

Coffdr, n. kbazane ka sandGq. 

Coffin^ n. [A. kafh] tabat ; sandUq. 

a nail in one-s eojin, (Met.) umr-ghataa; 

javaui meu ghiin ; sadmai-jan-kah. 
Coffin, V. a. 1. tabat ya saudQq men. rakhna*. 

kafiianft^ takfla k. 2. enclose, band k. 
Coffin-bone, u. ghore ke sum kl baddi. [basil k. 
Cog, V. a. pbusla-kar Lena; khush&mad se 
to cog a die, pase ya dane bau&iia. 
Cogency, n. mazbuti;. zor; pukbtagi;. pakal; 
istehkam. [zabar-dast. 

Cogent, adj. qavi; mazbQt; pukhta; pakka; 
Cogitable, adj. q^iib-ul qyas. 
Cogitate, v. n. bichamlT; socbna; khiySl k. 
Cogitation, n. soch ; bicbar ; kbtyal ; tafakkur. 
Cognae, u. Fiil^I^ii baraadi sharab. 
Cognate, adj. n&te-dar; rishte-d&r; qarabati; 

sambandi; nisbati. 
Cognition, n. agftbi; vSqfiyat; ilm; gyaii. 
CogniEable, odj 1 cipable of cognizance, jaane- 
jog; jaiiiie ke qabil; qa?''>il-i-fahm. 

2. (Jtsdicially), q&bil-i-sam&at; adalat men 
Bunne ke qftbil. 
Cognizance, n. 1. judicial notice, sunat ; sunvSI * 
8ama;it. %. jurisdiction, ikhtiySr; adbkar; 
ikht iyar-i-samaat. 
Cognizant, adj. janne-vftla ; waqif ; mahram. 
Cognomen, n. laqab ;. padvi ; sar-u§mab. 
Cognominal,^ adj. ham-nam; ham-ism; ok nam. 
CjgnoTit, n. (Law) iqbSl-dava. 
Cogwhe^,n. dantllft-paiyi; daudaue-dar cbakkar. 
CoHal^t, V. 11. [Lat. co'+habito to inhabit, A. 
sohhat, H sdlh company] jorU kbasam ya 
miyan bibi kl tarab rahng; ham-kbwab, y& 
Bam bistar b. ; mub&sbarat k. ; soUbat-d&ri k. 
Cohallitation, n. sobbat-d§Eri;Iiarn-bi8taii;ham- 

kh'wabl; mubasbarat;. bbog; bbog bilati. 
Coheir j n. ansi ; bam-wirsa ; sharik-i-miras ; bam- 

mira-s ; t»rke-dai- ; bautye-dar. 
Cohere, t. n. [Lat. con + hasrere to stick, Skr. 
Ari to tafcej stick together, Ihisna ; satna ; chi- 
mc^na ; jamn& ; lagna. 
Coherence^ Coherency, n. 1. jamSo; satao; 
wasl ; ittisal ; chimt&o; Ihisao. 2. {Met.), lagao; 
mel ; sambaudh ;. taallnq ; rabt. 
Coherent, :idj. 1. sticking together, la^ yi sata- 
hu& ; mila-hua. 2. cenn^c^^c^Jurftrbufr; bandhft- 
hua; chust; marbat ; musalsat. 
Cohesion, n. lagao ; satao; ittisaL 
Cohesive, adj. mile hue ; sato hue ; p&s pas. 

QahOTt, n. fenj k* puL 

OoifpA. n. (Skc iw»n U iw, t^ 9^^ 
otimer] ^»il) fcoihit. ^ 

(9qU,T. a. ]ftohbij'Vi&;l)taly)tiltftbfti*nft; Upa^ 
CaUi q. UcMOA : 14Ad^ ; pioA i 4»r kt ggU, 

mmli*; ropwy*; tv\ pw"*, 

Ths KU'a mart oiirrene ia flftttor. ppo*. 

JOwUswl Mt at AiJtdJtn* MM W- 
Aorei, etiof^i, or cut coin, mektti miwijli 1|K|% 

nipa^'K; ct^eiil-'^ n;pA)'i. 
eraekMl coin, phDft rufifty*. [ily^-nV»»qt, 

«uU«Jew)i, gl)uAn)p43'i; mRUt. 
Codn, V. a, 1. e^»W. Hilikl diii^liiki ^tt* 7^ 
puAbatA-ii,; «ik)ft mirii^; i^rb di 

To «^ von)^ £qA irta^M. 

ISi ■mttia Ut iirtar and ds^id* 1|m' tatit4> A 


lAl likklt'WMiI k.) wrb-i-4iklAi nwul' 

3. wjiffitHui, gbant; frfia^ti btoivii^') 
^iidj ikhtirK; b«nd)ibi rtUit i ittiritiwrdM, 

^. dmrgt for '•»>*»*!>, ^^fiyUi Iwuv^V 
QoUtoitle, V. 11, I. '4 faU an. (liik buJUuIri 
uiinapiH b- ; mut^biq yi, muiitiil>i<} li. 

2. tarraipQiid, miliii ; mublUiq h^ ; HVmS^ 
b. J qtutUfiq li, 1 ^Itlk It. 

ta oai>tei(/t m_qpiHiait, ok ntn-i b, j el( rid b.] 

rfto niili4; imUialiq'Ul-ita b, 
Coi-Milds^ae, ii, 1. a^rtfment *9 jwitifin, flilk 

boitbuK; mutftbiqat; tHt^uq 

a, i-9ueufTrJtfv, KHiijog ; m-J j ittiCiq. 
Col^QideAt, ^j, miltt hiift ; iqimlabiiq ; nuiT^fiq, 
G4iiiBr, u. 1, miittfr, Hikkii-n^uj lan^b; tuk- 

aaiiyi; miidftryil. 2, inot'tim wHjid; Iftuklt 

tare; blulj upjiO. 
Cojr, u, iiiryiil lii nwal, 
CgiUQi^i Ur bhos; ; liiabe j UHitbim ) sobt^tidM | 

jiiuit, iimj^ueuti Tutil) jiiDJ^i DUlbtobKiMi 

ki^m ; ^u]\ ; (Hl'ifig) kbel. [Iflte bW)^- 

Cfke, n. pnttb^r k& kg^U jiako jaU-W bl^lA 
CoUqdeT, D. olilialul; obaliil) olibiuiiit. 
CjU. mij. [Skr, i/idcd. I'cr. lardj I , tiot wtrVt 

^ktindiii sard; khunfiki Mtali hIU; bttnd- 
A cald liretktMt, f Anrii'M aili^v fiwi^i lUtrl, 
8. tk*i*riiig, ttt>trtl|tH'|t& j lAHpt^; larziu, 

3, jxitwit/M^i aitrd i ^rd-tnehri A&urdfi- 
dil. [rnlttikii ba-joab, 

eold-bloadtd, eold-hta' ted, (b'Mid^ ; ^m^ 

m eatii blood, Hu-k^r; jaii bajh-k^r; aoitu^u} 

bdqiud| ir^ilataitj djd4 d&iihta; »oo^^ fai- 

uh^i-ke ( tnrtbir se- [iiak, oli. yk bw£ 

Itf OOI4 

k.; rukh us k.; bMtinU k. 1 iUM' m k, 
Gi^,N l,M«ai4Mea«rta4ni«fc,(bAn4;H*d% 

^;)ltliuiWibartkhU. S. <iHM«, iiAiiii;^ 

{J^d; itAlflkbiui: Bordli uak-t)bte ; InvMudgL 
aOeieotd, aanQba AiAi luk^ji^HTiiMill^ k 
tkinidfi^afaH <^iw, jhtU^bttrii %|rtlw^i 


^((ytfvafait. j|ht;j4fa ktmtiwm^- 

Silt caldlf uid, ■VoUr«fnwit,abl''<(A 
lU'l !»'<% (Ornish f'>lt4'tba mrrl^t* WdM, 

i^iy( wii <A*.;i t. «ia Mff iM. F. 0. 

O0I411U1, u, I, tfxiK* -f M, K^i iMW; 

(iiati^-puti, 'i. teaiu pf mii, nium-diBi 

Hialiii; tTimi'l^ |mu. 

Colemff, 11. l>..jl. ,lh„.if )4 dm« jt b«]i|.. 
Cgllo,ii, pe(k%ci«urdt dtwd-i-stiilnai } ibii|otK; 

kiirkiitl; pwbi V; f^^BJ, [dMHifc;- 

QlAWKH^tnfi n> 4lMtk-t-i«ebiMti miylwilgari 
OoUtnH, V, n, gir-ks suIhIlJ; hM|«Ki fiiM 

ifcuk; tokkukbkik. 
CgUspM, n. I, (ifti.) Aot; kvo-noif } njt-t«np(; 

9, /aiVur«, ]i»^; abflk) nft-kimyiU. 
Cvllftr, 11, (r9<wti/ t^ Ro^) patj^ (^ a dqg^; 

(^ coftbJi kai|^ tjweb^u (n^ck-zwic^-t 

basalt (^ idommtX 
fo ^«U AM ^ </<« '-a'Jor. gareMa pttkspilj 

tfireb^u meii bilh ii^li(^ 
A) t/t';i f/i« im//(|p, 1. (dQ^i) putti turft yi iijlAl 

bliS^u^. a, ^(Do;-:^, iiikal j'ua vi bhiga^ 
OpUu, V. «■ ((irtili^ii paknTua; ^ardaii pitka||ilf 

(;ireL>a<i lueii hitb dibia. [niuila blfarnj^ 
/p oo//'ir tfe/i [^ ka goaliC ki c^akti biMriHw 
Gjlbu-ba49| >l: blii^i bii|iali. 
Collate, V. u, Kplaua; tnug^lak.; iiuit^biq k 
' Cqllatst^i A(Ui 1- nda 'O tidf, lag» logs; 
I )K(blabit'P^*l0; boi"'PI^)*l'^ I barabAr baralwr. 

9, ((.'rt^cfhijf) ek did* kii yttl(-JHdd(, 
e<^liiftraf waur.t^, zamiit tlfti- Xliujtt; bi<4iAulj*- 

ka bicbaul^'a, 
C^Uftlefally, mXy. laee |aga; pablft-bft-p^falB; 

hitiii-|inliiq itej liHiabav tt^i^aliftr, 
CJllftii^Q, 11' 1- U4ilik'ij uiii(|aM'<< itfuUlMqab 
•}. repti«(, jal-|)iltl ; libojiiii ; k|iBii%; liashuh. 

CoU*tJ?. ». imakbp jl kil*joH k^ muplbl* 

C^Uugl^e, u, lAthi) ItHiumnnsah) )uun<rutbft. 
Colleet. V. «. [Ut. M + Z-TTO. Skr. Aif^ H. 
lagd join]. 1. iriiij/ ttv^ftW, ikba(tft k-l 

ukerua^ muigema; batl& k.; 4auj;|>b k,j 

t)tt|0M ; nfigWti]^ ; Jdmi k. • jof nt ; ek ja 
k. J sanchad L [ya phal tiikftinl. 

^ I'a/tfr^ arth y4 m%ne iiikilni) natljatt 
3. ^di^ mdnep or rivrntX^^ ugh&iil; tahsii 
k. ; tahaitui ; wii'sQl k. [aub^ifdaati Uibsfl k^ 
Miett hf eiercit^ pr6ct»k, jabi'aii tHhill kt| 
ttdieet if sequeHrail^ ^"^^^^ tuhsll k^ 
cnMct ftnM^dfy hnsh me& &ii&^ ha vis jahil k;) 
apne tilft fll1^bh&ltil» [gherni. 

f5 c6^Ud (he taitlt, hlA blAdhTil) hern^; 
tloIleeMli adji (itunc/) ni'igtAtua; kosh haV&s 

baji I hi^v^ duru8t» 

<UilettiAn> m 1. t'i€ ttH^ Ijtltiorl; sati^h} 

batoranl jdf; jamWati 2. tfie ilUng cdt- 

tech-lj Qiajmi; tnainiaa; Jami^at zaKhirah^ 

S. (^Hthii0i^ti, Cimndi^ ; 6hittlii [sLmd^nL 

ttJUedion of district, tfihstt-nfmh^iil ; auiald&rt- 

eoUe Won if p6ems, dtvl,ui 

fO^becU&H 6fr€v6twie, tahsil \ m^UgitzIri ^ ^mdant. 

Olllwtionii u. fl ng&h! ; tahsil J pOfljL 

Mttr;/MH» ((/* lidlanJixs^ xikhbiqii picllhlii 

. ohukAutl 

tolf§c^m hf tttvnaii and tiivt$i6n if cr'dpi, 

takhcotnldi ; kah'-baflti; kankQt* 
CBUtHt'^f fUreti fr6m Ha ttiftimidr$y khSLm- 

tahftil ; kacheht taht^l $ raivat-Wsi) f. 
v^tietiofk &n 9n tgtatiB not sedled^ kh^m tahsil; 
wmoit &f tblkOumi fdf ihi tiurr^erU §Mr, 
idl-tauBh» [ngi^^- 

W/ ihe cDitefdifmy tilsf-ttthsll } adh-kirt ; Sdhi 
wii§ndianeiHt^ eoflMioris, tkhsll-i-muttiiVaiTiqav 
€MMtifei iU)ji m^mtst: ek^^blbK; ikkatti; sUgra. 
€9il9tiir% nOuiis iskn-i jius \ istii-mttjmflt. 
Otllectifaly« Uti ikha^} bilijm^l) jrak^ 

lakhti kiilk 
OdllBeM) »» L jfathei^et^ hAMi \ JAml^kiiTlie^ 
TlUk 2i {6f rmt 6r kfxei) ugihuevilti; 
tab«fliie-v&l& [siihib-i-zila; 

t^tfi^r of a dt'driat^ {C(fr.) kalatMt* ; eile-d&r ) 
m^Udorqfport dttUe^^ mlrbiaiir ; stiahi-hAildan 
GoUe«tiDhdilp| n. {Cth-.) kalttk^rn ztl^d^rfi 
CMHegii 114 ba,x\ njadmsA ) tn^rasak-tur-ulatth 
Gbllitfliuil m k&tij ki tHiiEkilm. 
Oilttrie^ v«n. [Lati /a^^re» Hi ^f< strike] tftkl4na} 
takkar khUusl; bhirnl [vdl^ j^ iiik^iiiiB^^&lft. 
0»ltttr|iii liorf^fr 1^ (tto/) ko^la kjftodiie- 
fbeeoUiefKaii bin tumiey aHS bdth blax;k\ Prof. 
Mdife'tMr aiir ^L»kd tapaffr, dftn9 hah, 
i. cfkUiMp, kolite kft jah^. 
(Ulieiyi n« ko^ ki khtlrtt. 
GoI%aB| r. a. ik^tU k 
OoUlMLfiL f((kkar-$ dhakklj ttiutli-bhef. 
ftUoMdchi, n. lagana; sttjinft. ^ 
flBBiUi ih jell jl^-8ibresh Ke mwi&q ; las W* 
CHkoiri Hi [Aj qalb heart/) 1« q. piec^ ofjlesA^ 
bofi ; gOMlt ki fiUkfll ya p^rcha ; muchch&. 
t.m^9ftBfh €tmi bloody a child, kllleje kt 

kor; liAllt-Higbfi 
Ood knofVS thW «H tt edttbpottitf flesk) 
And ^ (Ht mOl^ 1 Dave lAed'tdiKiy a t«iai^. J^hatii 
fi lakhl-ififfm' hoi, gkUda it qcudmi 
tkft tim biMMfd hoik kam. P. C. 

doU^quialj adj. b&t-chit yi bol chill k&. 
Cttlloqmalism, n. batchit yi bol chil kS fiiqm; 
Cdllo^uy^ Hi bat-chft ; bol-ohftl ; guft^tt. 
Oollude) T. h. at sat k. ; gathuft ; (Oithiia ; mil 
jln^ ; Rllzish k\; saz baz k. [dis^ ; s&z b^z; 
Collusion^ n^ at 6at ; sittib^ttl ; sazish ; ban 
CoHUgivej adji at sat-kiy Ulset-ka; da>ra-bazl-k«. 
C^lloBiyeljr^ adv. ^Ljsish, bahdish, yi al^et se. 
Collyrimn) n^ sntiua; anjah. [rribkhal. 

Colotynth) n. taikh klii^; itldr^yati ; bLshumba; 
Celoii) n. 1. {An\x(.) ban aftt. 2. (Pwwfi ) pa^hne 

raeft thaime k& ek nishan— [:] ; bist-^m. ' 
CSdloniaijadj. nalbdstt-ka; hau-abadi-kd mu- 

eoltm&t, t1. bauab^i ka baahindn. 
Golonikatiiott, ii; nilii-abidT; iml-baslpdti 
CbloHiiey ▼. a. bastr bas&ba ; nauSlbl^ k. ; aba^ 
k. \ basatiSL [paiigti. 

Ciloiinadd) n. sitUnofi kT qatsf ; ktmt»boi\ kT 
Goldiif ) n. nnl basti yi abadi jo pai^des tnei^ 

bUsaljafe'; tiati-abadl. 
6elo1f , Colout^ n ; 1 . huti, raftg ; battih ; tatlh ; (art). 
2: th^ ht66d shdwin^ thrdu^h this tkin, raiig. 
Hitf tolor fiftde And Went. 
Hk faiig m tM, ek rd^gjdtn tkS. 

3. d^hardnci, rAp ; sfirat J stlakl ; skabahat j 
inhes; baui; dhnj ; raiig aha&g^ 

4. dark c^mplfsxidn, kala raSg ; 6iyah fattl. 

I'hU i^ave A difterent <Wottf' to hk probe^ings; 
/< ie niuGnUit ki auf hi tarai hb i^h 

6. kind, bhaflt j qism j raqnm } taftih ; sSrati 
6. jt)ftfeM6(?) makr; bahaii4; htla^ ttiisi 

that h^ tfhdUM did ii Worthy ttolidf) 

But fet We wailt a iidh^ fdr his dbatki iSkat. 

Wok mttjfi^ hah/^K lo ladblr heki 

ttot fid^i 1^ ho iaheiinh Mtk^ p, C. 

l(fl) tt ^a^, Jhahdaj hiskin* kaota; 

j:)karai]^ | dkaja ; lava, [skokk rang j tez ra6g. 
bright toldr^ chamkil^ raftg* ckuckuhata rafig; 
than^ Mot^ raftg uy jaiia ; zard par jaua ; rahg 

fkq ho '^\\%. 
{fofm- ^Udrdi jhahde ka pakri ya triUkdfhs* 
f/HJp coldu^i gahra rang* 
dm cfifthtr^ toted rafig ; ttlAddhftih rafig* 
false told^t sabz bag ; dbok&i 
fasi Mot^ pakka- railgi 
jivi a ttildr to d transarttdji^ tllnamle ka dhaftg- 

i'ato^na ya naqshah baddhiiiit; kib! rouamle 
:t stlhit ban^n^; raftg yt ^biing jarhana. 
ti^hi cohr, halkil rafij;. 
there it^as nnt ilif least t6hr fdr iNicd^^ gnftgu 

ka maqairt na th& ; nmtlaq ja^ xxtt tia thi; 
hf hse dni's wldr, plla, dhtiula ya siard p«i'i*na. 
Colof J Oolotir, Y. a. 1 < painty raftgnii ; raiig kkar- 
na ya lagana. 

iipalliatei ckaskm-poskf k.j qujfdr thhu- 
t^mi; pardak.1 igmSz \u 3. itiake ptdmUe, 
qalaik.1 tonlanltnl k. ; bat banana. 
Cdlof , Golottf , ti n. ia blukh, sharm k^ mttre' 

chehra lal ho jahIL 
tiol&Mlhidi adJ4 rangoft kH lindka^ 


Color8d,R<lj. 1, raAgli'i; raiig-li&raAg; ni:ni^; 

laii? dir. 2. dari, k&li. [<lir. 

Calor-SEr^eaiit, n. kot-Jafedftr ; jhaitde-bur- 
Colossal, adj. bare qod-tA; deo ka doo; deo- 

Coloasuj, n. ban l)hM raumt; deo-8&. 
Colouring, n. t. rang bhamtj i-A&g ; ntfieiil. 

2. (Met.) dhdk&i liCafa ; qalal; K^hiri Up tip. 
Colotriess, adj. be-raug. 
CotpoTtage. n. taqaim kiitub-i-maEliabl; maz- 

LabT kit&btiii ka lj&ut»& ya taqsim k. 
Colporter, u. jo maxbabi kit&beii b«ohtl yi 

baiittS pbirti hal 
Colt, n. 1. hone, badihei-a ; bacbhsri. 

2, a yount 'oolUh fellow, pagsil ; ahniaq ; 
bi'-vvaqiif ; liacbhiya Id b&v& ; alal bacbhera. 

Colt'r, Coulter, u. (o/" oj'/ou^A) pl«il; phala; 
pliUlL [uluUb ; ii&-kaiid. 

Cattish, adj. khilar I chancbnl ; sbukh ; albel& ; 
Colt'a tooth, u. 1. dQdh kIdant.S. (^ef.) bach- 
pan ; laraKpan : l.ul-pftn ; klillarpaa ; clian- 
ohalpaii ; ubibidl^|>aii. 

To have « roU'j tooch iu hu head, ProT. 

Sihgh IMn-lte baohhrin meA tnUnd. 
Cut a eoll'i tijntli. Ltfokpan ehhornB. 
Columbine, n. HaiLcquin maakhare k! bfvL 
Coluam, n. [H.^/dl 1. pillar, khiun; khambi; 
tbutii ; KttQn ; gol aitdii ; pil-p&yl 

3, upright ej/tiiidrleal body, IMhj inliilr. 

S. (of tolditrt) paiS; pant; pauklT; saf; 

qntilr. 4. (of a n'vmpnper) kothli; khlttii 

fitUn'^ up a column, khaiii-piiri; kotliibliaran. 

Colunuiar, adj. khiimb-xa : tham-si ; eitiin 

jaisa. [niud; khMb-igaflnt; giiflnt. 

Coma, n. behoshl Vlilud; Kiimbhkaran kl 

Comatose, Com&tooa, adj. bc-hosb ; bekla'Air ; 

Comb, 11. (H. Aarii;^!] 1, (for (fit Ikuv) kaugb!; 

kaughi ; kaukhni ; ali&ua. 

3. (a co'^k't) kea ; kalgi ; tij-i kburus. 
To cut oDs'i comb. (Fig.), Sktlln nJt^Ind. 
Comb, V. a. I. kanghT k. 'i. (iwwi or coilon), 
tdiniii ; dhunnii ; jh&nia ; Uf k, ; kholua, 
Bbfl 'It cobA hi» hair (or bim. 
Woh utH luijSmat lar dtjfi, gi thtihl niJM dtgt. 
Combat, T. a. larni; judh k. 
Combat, v. a. 1arii& ; K&mn& k. ; muqSblK k. 
Combat, n. larai ; jafig ; juddh ; m&rka. 

The eantbat dtepeni. ud ye, brava, 

Who ndh to glory or to grave, Oampbttt, 

Hah/ldnr. bario, jang o6 iark duUi, 

Patch a* A"r, jS tkahidat mili. F. C, 

The tambat betneea lile and dea^. 

Uant tuu^ M fardl ; hHUit-i-niia. 

iingle combat, ek ee ek ki la^I; dQ-ba-dQ- 

laraT ; pakar ; kunhti. 
Combatast, n. jodha ; jaiig Svar. 
Combattve. adj. !arai ya miiqable iA abanqin ; 

lariic m»Tne ko maiijSd. [idat ya kbaslat. 
CombattTenes), n. lajSi jhagre ya miiq&ble kl. 
Combination, n. 1. noion, mel ; aafigat ; 

Biimbaridh; ittifaq ; ittihod; jttisal. 

2. coTiiunctioii, jog; jngti- sanjog; qirSn. 

18 COM 

3. eni/iMt'on, atsat ; giliitb ; baudieb ; sluiah. 

Combine, V. n.[LaL6tnu« double, Hind. bSlvo; 
Per bd witli; A haiit betnecii] milail; i^ 
boiiS ; juf tii ; ek jigar h. ; pniwuat h. 

Combine, v. a milana; gilithna ; joroi. 

Combined, adj. ruila; jura; juthfi; muttafiq 
majmua. [bbarakue-v&li ; aokbtaul. 

Combustible, adj. jaln&-jog ; jaliie ke q&liil 

gin iH Ia> Ihe *oul like fire to eoinbiuliblt uiUteT 

Soatiey. ilmli to ps-pjaiti Mat mta Sg. 

eombiK libit ma Iter, bhak so u^-jane villi ohil. 

atisligir Diadda. [tagi ; aoklitagi 

Combustion, n. jalne b li&lat ; jalan ; afruldi- 

Come, V. D. [A. S. eumnn, Skr. a^am oome, 

gam go.] 1. approach, pSa, ilazdik, ya rJbore 

ana ; age barhiii ; qadam &ge rakhoa; kisi 

ki or ya taraf ftna. 

Hoiv niiBf J011 to do it T 
Turn tt uiid kam lryoii-1-o.r Jud ' 
We itni amt ti> jou Ui do a good offlca. Slot, 
//on luntdrf bhiMl tame St haOL [ni. R8. 
" This in the beir, oocne, let na kill him. Matt. 
Ytk ■Ddi'ii hai, an km nidr ddUi t 
Comi and welcome, go by and uo quarrel. Prur. 
An (utaAflc* ghar ; jSo, tvtkti jka^ notlA. 
2, happen, giizaruiL; bitni; waqe h. 

Let Cong ou me what trill. Jo htmli ho to iot 

comt about. I. fiappmi, ho jani ; vaqe h.; ho 
gusanii. 2. ehanfft, pbimS; badaliiL, 

comf again, pbir Ktil ; ri^iis ana ; palat &ii&; 
nlat&iii; lant&na; b&var ana. 

nK along ! S,o ! cliale fio ! ao na 1 
me and ijo, ana jaui; amad o raft. 

The colour ot the king doth cone and go, 

Between hia purpoie and bia ooaBcienae. 

■SAni. King John, ir. t 

Badalta futt iHaA har ghaff apnS mAj. 

Bat hai uiitf fmoH o tHatlaii men jaag, F. C 

fomr ft, pahuAchnE ; js pahiiAL'htia ; ra*il li. 

eotii* away, ohale ft'i ; jfcne do ! [l"*P' ''■ 

mjaKb!/,hilh\i'jui; paiia : niilnft; h&ail fa.; 

come, come I intj. baa knro I baa bas 1 

C^mt. comt ! no time for lameutatron now. Milim, 
Bat, bat I oh %-ota p\tnt Icn rwil noAU bu / 

ecm« down, nlarii& : naiil h. ; saval mcd Kni. 

tom^ heme ! ghar chalo I ghar ko chalo \S Su 1 

camt in, 1. (v. n.) trUtr, bhitar yi andar iiA 

dtkhil h. 

To com in by one ear, and go out by the otlMr. 
li tdi (Hi! IU I'dn ard di. praf^i 

5. (fruit, etc.), chnhia; ini; hitir rueft] 
itiZt : bikne lagnS. 3. hecime the fathii 
chaliia; nihaliiK; rHij h. 4. aeern 
h. ; prapt b. j paida li, ; ghar meii ai 

6. tuhmit, itaat ya tibcd&ri qubol k. 
Bir jlmkaiii. [kbint' 

come near, \An ^ni; lagga kh^nl: t^kar 
ameof, 1. (ancMtor*) paidfi h. ; bona. 

He comta of a good atJick. 

Woh achekhe ghar (ihdndda giigharSiw) iSKai I 

Thin nrmri of jiiiigiDg by tbs uye. 

Vpri dekhne te aitS ht dhnii hol» hai. 

2. ejuue, uatij& h. ; phal h. ; boiA. 

Thia emiti of your obatinaoy. 
TunhSH Aal td gaki fitat hai. 


qjfi hoD& ; bitna ; yaqe h. ; gUzarni. 
The fight eawu off yesterda/. 
Wok lifdl kal kul tkl. 

on^ l.(v.n.)barhD&; Hgebarhna; chalean&; 
iUia ; taniqqi k. 2. (intj.) i^oiue ao ; tumhariL 
kji bitta y& poti liai. 

Cmm on Mid do the wont you can, 

I fear not yon, nor yet a better man. Dryden, 

TA d t&niM; tujk n hove 9o kar ! 

Nmkim tMJk Hn&Utt ackekhok u dar. F. C. 

only phUtna ; khulnl : ulhir h. 
etmeatUitf, nikalnH; nikal &na; sadii* h.; 
bariUnad h. 

OMT, (io ont^s Me) a milna. 
09er one, chal sakna ; dam mefi lanSw 
come ramnd^ ni&nui ; min jan& ; razl h. 
thoriy cbnkna ; kaoi h. ; kasar parnft. 
to, 1 . (amouht to) honft. 
It comet to twenty rupees. 
Bu rupae hote yajmrte haift> 
S. arrive at, &ua ; hoD& , pahuficbni. 
This is what you must come to. 
Tuwikdra ye4i hcU kogd, 

3u recover^ boah an&; hosb met lxi%\ 

&pe men ant. [bona ; s&dir b. 

to pasi^ bitni; gnasarnft; boD&; w&qe 

mnder, tabat, madd, ya kbane men &ua; 

dtiJiil h. ; ab&mil b. ; kotbe meu iii&. 

mp^ {uprout) pbtltni; nika1i)& ; utbn&; 
Qgoi, or vfUh barabar bo jan^- barabar b. ; 
pakar leni^ 

up to, takkar kb&na. 
mp to time^ waqt par anft ja khaiil b. 
wpon, &n parui; tQt parni; cbarhQ& ; 
eharbil k. ; bamlab k. 

wkai MOjf, jo bo 80 bo ; jo bo ; bar cbe 

bid-A-b&d ; ba-bar b&I ; kisl sdrat mefk 

io come, aiuda ; again samU ; age. 

Come, intj. io ; i ja ; cbalo. [rQpia ; naqqUl. 

Comedian^ n. bbftiid ; bbaiideli ; saw&^I ; bab- 

Comedy, n. awing ; naql. [andimL 

Oomelilkeu, n. sundartii ; kbab-sQrti ; kbush- 

Onnelj, adj. sobaoni; kbQb-sQrat; kbusb- 

andim; aajila; sbakA; wajih. 

He that is eowuiy when old and decrepit 

Sorely was beautiful when he was young. Southeff. 

/• firdmak-tdli wuk haigd shakU, 

Wok kogdjavdMi men bethak $ajU. F. C. 

n. 1. ine-yala ; avan-b&r ; v&rid ; 

o sad r. 2. comers and goers, ane jane- 

^le; &e-gae; ijanderawande. [o slldir. 

etf eowters, bar kof; bar bhakhs; bar varid 

(VimMtiWe, adj. qabil-i-tanawul ; kbine-jog ; 

khnrdanf ; kbftne ke liyaq. fkburdanL 

CbmartiUee, n. pi. kbine ki cbizen ; khQrak ; 

QaMt, u. pucbcbhal tara; pQncb-d&r tir&; 

dom-cUr tiri ; dbam-ket& ; jbirQ. 
Oomllt, Comfitnre, n. iliechi daua ; nuql ; pag)- 

bni merah. 
Oombrt, v. a. 1. tasalli d. ; taskin k. ; dOisi 

d. ; dbiny bandbna ; ai&sa pochbni. 
Comfiirt, Q. dilftsi ; dbiraj ; tasalli ; taskTn ; 
sor; taqvtot. 



to derive comfort from^ tasalli plLna« [iriun-ki. 
Comfortable, adj. sukll; isiidab; khusb ; 
A comfortable providion. Kdfl edrndn, dtUrn 
kd earmdyd ; pUrkas tahdrd. 

Comfortably y adv. sukh se ; iriliu se ; khushi se. 
ComfotuOr, u. 1. stikb-dai; tasalli dene-^li; 

tasklii-bakbsb ; tasbaffi-deb ; gam-khwir. 

2. a but tooollen tlpjtt, jili-dir tiiii gula baud. 
OomfotdesS) adj. dukhi; biua tasallt 
Comic, adj. liansiQ ; thatol-ki. 
Comical, adj. 1. exciting mirth, ba^or; tba^l; 

maskbari. 2. queer, anokbi ; nirila ; fgibiw 
He is a comical fellow. 
Wok hhl ek turf a mdj^n ked. 

Coming, n. aua ; imad ; awii ; avan ivan. 
coming and going, ini jana ; iwa-j&i; ahar-j&har; 

amad o raft ; go;% p&hL 
coming in, 1 • au&; ivan ; dakbl; rasii; pahtUicb; 
madikbilat. 2. income, imad ; iiudaiii ; 
kamai ; paidi ; yifb. 3. submissioi, tibe-dari ; 
farraan-Dardiri ; itiat ; gardan jhukini. 
Comma, n. parhue vi likbne meii zari si der; 

tbaime ka ek aisi ( , ) nisbin. 
Command, v. a. 1. ortier, bukm d. ; Ik^gy^ k. 
j& deni ; farmana ; irsbad k. 
Qo to your mistress, 

Say I command her come to me. Skak, 

Meri taraf seahid begam ke pds tuk Jd. 
K<ikUfo k% usne turn la> it vaqt kal buldyd. F.C. 
Command your man, and do it yourself. Prov. 
Naukar ko kukm do aur dp karo I 

2. qoveim, raj k. ; bukHmat k. ; sard&ri k. ; 
sbisan k. 3. overlook, sir par b. ; Qncbe b. 

The hill Commands the fort. 

Q^e ke sir par pakdf kau 

One side commands a view of the finest garden 
iii the world. Addison, Ek taraf se dunyd 
kd nikdyat ki Mmdak bdg dikkdi ditd kai. 

Command, n. 1. order, aggyi ; bukm ; irsbad ; 
fjELrm&n. 2. exercise of authority, sardiri; 
bukHmat; riyasat ; (Cor,) kamau. 

3. authority, ikbtij&r ; adbkir ; iqtid&r« 
tpord of command, bukm. 
Commandant, n. sardir; (Cor.) kuinedin. 
Commander, n. sardir; seuipati; sar-girob; 

(Cor,) kamSnyar. 
commander of a garrison, qile-dir. 
commander of five tfiousand, panj-bazan. 
commander of seven thou-^and, baft-bazari 
Commander-in chief, n.jangi latb; sipab-sSlar. 
Commandment, u. Kbuda \ik bukm. 
ike tin commandments, 1. das abk&m-i-ilabl. 
2. (Slang) unglion ke dasofi uakbau. 
I will set my ten commandments in your face. 
Maik dasoh w'igliyoh {donok kdtkoh) se tcrd 
mdhk nock l&hgd. 

Commemorate, y. a. racbinft ; maninL 
Commemoration, n. racb&o ; minta ; y&d-gftti; 

urs ; siidb. 
in commemoration of, y ad-gir! raed . [y adgari men. | 
in commemoration of one*s ancestors, baron ki 
Oommenea, v. a. 1. begin, sburQ, ft^z, yi 

arambb k.; id k. 2. take the first step, 

pahle qadam rakbni ; pabal k. 


«onnK7?« « tu't, muqaddnnin khfifft, rujfl, jl 

ilftynpk. ; nflliult iMir k, 
Commuiw. r. II. ■Iiiii-n li, : wnjod [ifiH; fhiAi 

i). ; tA-f. li.; viKjfl mei^ HnH. 
r!<}H C'lianK-i'f*. i8t«tiqaq pnidS hntl bal G.(J. 
Commoncement, u, HlmtQ; ild ; jLraiubb; 
Ail^^ ; ilit.i'^ ; ririninilili ; 8ii Oiiiieiilj ; bJH- 
Command, V, n. 1. rntntniC ia irrof KniiiipnA ; 
•iimirfl k, ; ImHiilc k. ; tufvl!! k. ; itiiiiinu k. 
To tliM I till nvBuml my VAtflifiil tnul, 
Bro I l»i'finl till- wtiMo'"' rf ml"" »jw. ^Aat. 
//ou fwt bill'! jtAtkoA ta tw tr nuiu faUt 
Yeh iarUI /'flA.i'ln ornl Inw AnrSU. 7. C, 

S, i-tfimmeiii. luil k. ; tiiif&riHli k. ; koHhinb 
k. ; wn>Tl!l Icnr d. ; rw.hchli& tmltul. 

3. pf-aiie. Nn'&liiil; t&rif k ; tnnolf k. ; 

wiuA )B nirul k. 4. »^h/ yertinqt, nnltm 

hlit-j'i&^Sk. : pmiilm k. ; ItHm ft&m knhnli. 

0>ni<nf»i' >ii« i" my liroUiKrI 8luk. 

Merf 'i/k'il w uifrA mUiii JboAnd ' 

CammBndAbla. itilj. Muilline-joj:; ; ijlbiM-UUIf; 

Commendation, n. Urtf; anditl; tautlT; mnhi- 

nini HitV'i^b ; Inbtla : iiiniluh. 
Commendatory, ndj, tnimiri. 
CommensT r,ib1s, CommeBsnTata, ndj. tinm- 

niKiiii; hiitnvriziiii : biim-nii<t'lllr. 
eoamiriUH'-itl'! numdtrs, vob Adid jinkl &d-i- 

iunm iiiknl luike. 
Commsnmnte, ndj. proportioitaU, niD&flq; 

in>it&l'i<) ; iniitniibiib. 
Commwt, V. n. 1. oMiataU, fttiamh y& tiki 
likliiift; li&ibiyah ohnrhfttii. 

2. jnnii: rejn'tria, rfiif yi i"(it dcniL 
CaTment.n. 1. (iffitV(<n)Hhnntb ; {Ai; tnfair; 

liS-ibija 5. (wiW) iH ; mat. 
Commsata j, n. ah»mb ; tlkA. 
tniimunl4irii tni Hit QnrAn, iftfidr, 
Commentator, I). I.iit*rab; muahbir; tikj- 
kur; mtibiuibitbl. 2 {of tha Qurtut) muftuuiir; 
("/' fhf Yrlai) libAsh-IOr. 
Gf^jomi, T\. \. trad*. ta,\iA9,^\\ ti^rat; A- 
gar-l>eoh&r; luiiiig b«obar; tijiralri-bahrl. 
Ths Britjjih awoTd tnvrlK in tha «bt>th nl 
eonmtnw. Antral talrdr Ifjirat ht nlpan 
mrtt pkirtl hai. 

2. thArroHCM, iwi-jM ; uAg&t ; llmad o 

raft ; tncl-miiap; r«h o riMm ; r&bravith. 
OmnmeTolal, adj. tijEifiil; wuidagatl-k*; boo- 

h^rl; mnhiljaiil. 
eimmrrfial crrdil, mnbajnni Sikh yii fltibar. 
eomnfi-eittl e*iabtuhmrnt, maliijaiil ko^t ; kiitb); 

kothi tijSrat. 
rooinKjW"/ H»n7<. mnbajanliU; mabfijani beh- 

vSr ; l)»iar VSL dtwtar. [pnr. 

Cqmmeccially, adr. Bftiid^gftran^ ; tijarntl taiir 
Comminatioa, n KhudZ kk ijubr. 
Commingle, v. 'vniiUiifr; DilHriai mnkidfit. k; 

ftmM k. ; Kolnw^i gl»«l-wt' J* li'*^" miilt k, 
CommiimiUdi v. a. dajft k. ; tAraakbau&^ 

»bm k. ; dard kh^nfi. 
Commiiuration, n. daja ; tntna ; riibni ; ihrd. 



Commisuriat, n. (Cor.) kamuryat; raMul- 

CommilMry, n. I. a rimnuiiiuoruir, (Cor.) 
kamMd; d^roj^I; amln; giiniiUbiL 
i. (/;W.) Asrat; niib; miiftl. 
CmaxaintTf'geMnl, a. (Cor.j kaRiesrl jintMl ; 



CommlssIoB, 11. I. delrrj^ainn, nupurdnd; taf- 
i1/. ; t,ihrn. 

2. iinii-rani, parvJna ; fnrmiui ; hana'l. 

A ■1il|> 'II ocmiiiWflii. Jil'<is liHirfi/oA li^jaig. 

3. r/iiirrre. iklitijlr ; lulhVir : ]t^tl•\^r. 

fini'li rnmmininn \ li«ve rrwivi-d ir-itn n\m1n. 
Hujhi Khndd tt ka:, K ^th k'ilnn Aird twi 

<. a eomjiaity of ffrmmii, jam&at ; jiiibl. 

S. oriier (for aooiit), farnii'Mh ; ifSiHyl^ 1 

S. o/IowiMff, dnntOr!; dallftll; -, bnq- 
ii«-tial ; bai ; (Cor.) kaniislian ; riinnm. 

T<i 'lo hii>in»« on tfinmlttinn. ij^al ttrnA. 

7. jitrpelradm, irtikHb ; kartnb ; kijii; 


eommiiuion afltanhrvfit-y, adftlat-i-divSlitl ; tiiah 

kama-i-nad&rl. [kanie k[ ndaiaL 

commitiion nf lunacjf, JiSiPil ,Ti divliia darjTifl 

cnatmiuimi of (ui offeiire, junn k& irlilijUi} 

joriQ k. [uUmIL 

tommitinon on eoVtetionx, miiliaaidAna ; baqr) i- 

tommittion ongoodi, (<'or.) kumliiban ; ruB(Uo.t. 

lialllli ; dogtOxi ; bar|-iu-«a[ ; i^nt, 
Commiisios, v. a. adlikir d. ; ikbtijar d, 
Commiwioner, ti. miikhiarkiir; vakil; amla; 

Commiuion-Agent, n. ilratya ; (Cor.) ajni^. 
Commit, V. a. 1 , inlrtiMl, bavile k.; unii^ ; 
deua; mipitrd k^ zlmnie k. ; ttifvb k. 

To ammU M Qod. Kkudi it AatS/ek; XhaOt 
to MuA/>na. yOA. 

Bill him fnrewel). mrnmil bin) tn tiie gnrr 
Kara rukkiti at*™. rfAoro ijiibr imA f 
3, (/br (r ('«/), dauri supurd k. 

3. Mate over, niTpurd i. ■ havala Ic 

4. uiipriMn, jel kliinc bhcjna; qaid k. 

i. J arpttmtt, JFtikftb k.; ttiuitaklb h.; bm- 
kat k ; kanii. 

Miiili and unemenU "mmtU no treiiKn. Drjfla, 
Zamin o jiglr rfdoil noAln liaih. 

to rommit ontirl/Co, bacbaii baniil; qaul denL 
(t rmnmit Ut nimmr-i/, jUj kariift; hfEff7;ob xott, 

mkb.iii. ^ _ [Wia4ielAeii>t'. 

Comm'tment, ti. 1. imjiritoiinumt, <iaidj jeV 

2. rrffrtnet, ]mv»tln ; suriirdn^, 
rommitm&nt for trial, before the itirioju, dounlt 

nupitnlngl. [fel BEdir-iititiM. 

tift commit'ed, fel wir-Kad slmdfth ; fel vwjtUl; 
dO'-nity abort.' Co l/e eomntitled, fiakS. pnino^lKj 

(lakS bono ko. (mbhK. 

Committee, n. (Cor.) kiiniaiU; panclulrai ; 
Committing ofIlcei,ii.ii^kini-L-anpurd-kiiiiliidnl). 
Commode, n. ^iHnlkJiaoo ki clmnkl ; lantit-^ 

Commodiona, ailj.kHiTi k^; {Lrnm-ka; ISii); miKlCLL 
Commodiotuneu, n. firiiin ; aiikb; rShttt. 




Oovmnodity, n. jins; mtl; sandS; asblb ; sau- 

digr! mUL 
Oommoddre, n* q&ram nmqdm ; mlr-babr. 
Conlmo]^ a<^. I. beloftf^nfj to sever al, Am ; inn 

U ; sfvb-ki ; muBhtarak : miMhtamal. 

The common borM is «n)rfit shod. Prov. 

Sdjh€ ke f^cfe he kmtn jafe nal f 
% public^ &m ; sab-k^. 3. tuiiol, current, 
aksar ; raij ; nisinl; rauravvaj ; mustkmal ; 
jiM ; iatem&li ; mittt&li. 

A common bfoi m held no fitcdn. Prov. 

Am nib^ mih nakih. [fill naked). 

Ek KammSm mea; sab nan^e. Prov. (One bicth, 

4. nhuiidani, bahut ; aaii^on ; bisy&r ; 
kftBir. 5. mean, kaimua ; nicb ; ochlii ; ibeoh j 
]>Qch ; kamlii ; adnft. 
concMon 6ai7, zamUnat bar2« n^m. 

enns^iUj raz^-i-Htn ; sab kl marzu 

cTif 7*, dhandcmibi ; dliaiidore-v^l^ ; 

^iun$ pitne-vUli. [aleb-i-lbm. 

ditUor^ sidhSran bhSljak; roaqstim 

t/ewkr, nar-madln; jinsi-miwhtarak. 

09mnton Ittw, qadlm y% pui^ii^ dastQr ; puranl 

rit, rasain ya cbaL 
common nomi, 8ai*b-u&m. ; iam-i-nakara. 
004MtOA feopfie, am ; ilm log ; sab log ; avEm- 

un-nss ; kul ashkb&s; hamE shumSl. 
ta m mon fraciiee, Am dastOr ; mamul ; marjEd ; 
kanr-ul-istemal. [kasbi (prostitnte.) 

(9mmon ji^tOiA'M€ or \cwmzn, raii^; haijai; 
common right, haq-i-umtlm ya miishtarik.[budh. 
(9tmaon sense, Am aql ; moti samajh ; sadbama 
Oomnum sense is the growth of all countries. 
Sddkaran samqjk sab des men hott hai, 

fioi fOYRMfiitt kaoi haiii ; kam hue hain ; kam 

wnqu meu S^ hain. 
Comiion, n. maidan ; Am chai&-g3Ji ; gqrA ; bir. 
in €$mmon, sab men ; Bsljbe men ; sir ; sharakat. 

m€i^; mnabtarak. [bhaiy^cbHra ; ba-ijmil. 
land held in comrmn, sbamilat ; sbirilkat ; 
mQuzah hefd in, common, shamilfttl tnauza ; 

Cbmonalty, n. aT&m-un>nlk8 ; awILm ; nIcb 

log ; pawai ; cbboti ya uanni zat ; tell taAbolt; 

dhune jul&lio ; kauj^e qasai ; airegaire pacb 

kalyan. [daije kS. t&lib-i-ilm. 

Commoner, n. 1. ralyat 2. (of oxford) dQsre 
GqamnoiUy, adv. aksar; aksar-auqat; bahiit kar- 

ke; amuman ; b^rhE; l^r b^r; babut waqt ; 

pber pher ; babut kai ; ald-umCtan ; beshxac. 
mmmonlp called, urf ; bolta nam. 
GHUBoa^aca, d. bart&o ; rozmarra. 
nmiiminplace B^olc, n. yad^lasht kl kitab ; 

by&i ; safina. 
(maaaaa'2lM9B, n. adHlatri-kbaflfii. 
Cbmnions, n. pi. 1. tlie lower house of parlia- 

wteni^ majliB-i-vukHlftc riay^ 

2; food^ kbana ; kburak ; bhojan. 
Sh«rt commms, K«anhi-rdtUk yd kkdirak. 

Commonweal, Commonwealth, n. 

L eA«/Mop/«, parja; riayH; kbnlqat. 
2*. a rtfuUie, hnkUmat-igamburi. 

Commotion, n. 1. agitation^ hal cbat; kbal ball; 
garbap ; afr4 tafrl 2. a popular hanuU^ bal- 
wS; fitiii; f^i^^; hang&ina. .^, ptrtnrbafinn, 
byakull; gliabiihat ; be-q»u-ir!; be-chainl. 
Commmua, v. n. [Lat. <;>m + t?NMU9 gift, H. 
minatH^ to oiier J bat cbit k. ; guftiigt k. ) 
Upas mei'i bolnH ; batyHulk; kahiiH sannH; 
bamkalHin h, ; bolua ch3.1na ; batUUiH* 
1) will commune w[ith jou of Quch things 
That want no ears but. yours, Shak, 

Mnjhe tu.m se kahni hai kadJi aid hai 
Jo kakni nahih hai kisi aur sfit. T. C, 

OommTLniqaMe, adj. bolne jA kahue ke lEiq. 
Oommnnioata. v. a. kahnE ; likbnS ; ittlLa d ; 

kbabar d. ; agab k. ; jataqft ; gosh-g4izju* k. 
Comnmnioate, v., u, to he connected wUkt mile 

h. ; amad-raft b. ; raata b, 
Cpmmnn ication, i^ \, the cLct of imparUng, 
jatavH ; %abi ; ittilardih! ; ittilSl ; vaqtlyat. 

2. a passage,, r3«ta ; am^i^o-raft, AvA j'li ; 
ir-jar. 3. inter course, bol ohil ; cbhi((bi- 
patri ; chi|;thl chapati ; kbat-kitilbat. 
in commnniccAion wiih, agahi se ; y^qfiynt se. 
CommanioatiTe, adj. bhaf-bhafyft; ji k^ sUf; 

Copmnnicatiyenesa, n. bhai^hai^^pan. 
Comm9ini,)n, n. 1. intercourse, boia cbal! ; kbat- 
kitabat; 8»)&gia; sobbat; muliqat. 

What comjnuuion hath light with darkness f 

2. Cor. vi. 14. 
Andhere ko ujale se kyd mel f 
Bare eommunion with a good church can nerer 
alone make a good man. Sotrth* 

Sirf ackchhe girjA mehjdne ane u hhaJUL admi 
nahln hotd, 

2. (lie Lorc^s supper, ashle khudEvandf 
ya rajbbani; pirbbU-bhoj. 
Oommnnism, n. dbartl-sir dava. 
Communist, n. dharti-sir dave-dflr. 
Community, n. 1. common possession, jamhiirf ; 
pancbaetT. 2. commonwealth, avam ; 8a)> log , 
praja; jambur. 
commanity of interests, f^cda.i-am ; sakal-bhalai- 
community of slmres, sajha; pattf-dail; bbaf. 

cbai-a; sbat-akat. 
the good of the commwiity, bahlifldgf-i-iiaya; 

fa^da-i-am; rifab-i-kbalayaq ; faiz-i-am. 
village community, gaon ke log. [ul-tabdil^ 

GQOunutable, adj. palat-jog; palt^i; mmmkin- 
Commutation, n. adla-badli; alti^palbl; mulhv 

dila; erarpherf; eva^-muavaz. 
Commute, v. a. [Lat. muto, H. mornd cbange] 
palta k. ; tabdil k.; pbcma; badalna. 

The sentence of death was conimuted to tranS' 

portation for life. 
Phdhsl ke hukm kl eMz hukm jalduntanl-i-muddm 
sddir hitd. 

Compact, adj. [Lat. pactuss H. pakkd fined] 
kasa hiia; tbos; piir-kar; gaf; g^rha; pat- 
wasta; chnst; matin. 

A compact body of men. Admii/ok kdjathd. 
The lunatic, the lorer, and the poet 

I Are of imagination all compact, Shak, 

Hain shdir,o dshiq o divine jo, 
I Sardsar tasatvur mnjassam hain vfo, F. C. 




Compact, n. Hhart; bfu;h:i)ii hof; &hd; qaul ; 
qniil-qnrilr ; abd o paiiuiii. 

w«llask t> deurltwil u tba iudiwHilublo eom- 

Vaet. Ma^aiilag. [haia. 

Ai/d-i-niith Ja «ir fmhHl muitaUiain akd b-UUU 

CompflCtaetl, n. kitsbVM^; lungiiil; piirk&rl; 

cliii'tl : Diniilimt. 
Campaalon, n. [LaI. pannvi cloth, I'or. jxitrfl- 
kun cK'thiug, H, pahannA to wear] 

)i!)il ) snitgiktl; yir ; UmvtiUl ; roflq ; 
a<i\ibM; )mtn nuliliHt; hum-lliialilu. 

Aik Q); o>ut;i(iRJuii ir I be ■ tliial. Prov. 

Cli-i- U bKii gath-kaiH. (Tli> Ihlara brutbol 

a bolt/e fomjiaiiioa, ham-piy&U o iiam-iiitvUllt 

OompanioiublC, adj. milniiair; niilnnli&r; 

kl.'»liliiil; jlrl>8»h. [rtlil; rifViat. 

Companionihlp, n. utngnt ; k&lli ; tolibnt ; baui- 

Comnany, n. 1 bodj/ of men, Kiroh; JHllii; 

UM; mnndll; jamlal. 2./fl'oie»hiit, imiii^f, 

H&tli; soliliar; liam-iihl; rifK^at. 

Bui cnmf anil Burl i^hiat. 

H« i> gowl eampanj/. Wo/t aetehhd lOth loi. 

A erowd U not comrany, inij fjiot* ub hiii a galloiT 

o( ]>ictnrM t*b*r* tbin I* n.. lovo. Bteoa. 
UK\r u ioriU H^Ad noAii liana, aur Aind ^rlt Adm\- 

yih ki mUA n,'»l H it indrttA iI/UjU •J<tf AalA. 

3.<v>(70ra/Min,'ti&]hI; eliurakil; jutaftat. 
4. autmbi^, 8Hl>hk; majlio; jalai, 
fi. (of In/anin/) MU aii>(l>i<jt\ kl toll. [not. 
mmf dny'f paper, kiunpiil k& kl^tK y& parraesrl 
n eontjiani/ n] dajuiiu/ girh, tlk-fn ; maiidll. 
btar eomjiang, s&LbjIlu4; «anjjjiii&; oillii h.; 

ham-rah b., yii j&ni; Btth loguL 
ktti> (ompany, tAth }& »>ifig ralioK; attli lag& 
rabii&; luiit^at y& lolibat rakliHi. 

Keep company with a wonifcn. AiSwiH lamff. 

a ekarieftd compati]/, jamAtriiiiuiiul yaftah. 
ngult'vi rompanp, rnjintrl-ithiiill kitm[>nl. 
mteji' 4rrd eom/iatiy, jatniat bili-Minni). 
Oompanbla, uilj. liariltAf k! Ukkur; dUiii-ka; 

ham-obiu<)i)ni rauijAliito kc IAi(|; hiiiii-]mU&. 
Comparative, iidj. niiilmit; lagt&; uMil. 
toni'aiiUii'g di-gi*e, dga-i-taficll, 
<:o»iparuftW((a/t'n«n^iiiU|NbakumI-boHhlj kamtl 

liartl kt fard. 

All VKiA u pnaparalitv. Sab /ihaUi nMall huii. 

Compaiatweljr, adv. hfinisliat; niini&blo ntvb, 
PtUb mmBaralivaf with mioh a I If* in prefor- 
■liU. AUt jlni H Bvina b'laU. 

Compare, v.n.niililiii; niui|lllt]ll k. ; uiahatdvnA. 

(A»'^r( dnu] li*i>pln*M with living WM I AAuJbcf. 

Milfn (0 Mid tliiuhl all-it gam « ! 

1 will hskr Brut..*. [vnli. T will U*r Civwiii* 

■pHk, and compart tlicir rAMOiw. 8l.nk. 

BnHut aur Oaaini kl fjafiiig* MXllAgd, aur 

rfonnA tl (Jofl^fn niiUil/lgil. 

romjaiiifo. milAiiK; iniNil }il tnshblh dcni. 
cimft't tiiilh, farq yi biil iiikllnl; niiliu k. 
ComparUoii, ii. 1. enmj'arntivt r$limatt, mtl&n; 
muq&bnU ; /Ujtib. 

Tbaiv ta no «i«niniim lHilw0*n tham. 

Vn mril bipU nlihW nakiA iUi. 

2./i>r)i«'<, mJK&l; tuiiiJiil; taabblh; ina- 
■hlboliat; upmiii. 

Compartment, H. khitua ; kam ri \ kotb xl ; dnrjah. 
Compau, u. 1. circuit, tfher) Kbei4; dxur; 
dnura; );biiin&i>; obakkar; altita; ^irdl. 
2.&tun'/ivy, hiuld; «iv&iin; »\aA; chhor. 
3. »!'«»;, pahiiAch 1 riuAI; wawtt; miqdir. 
i.(Miu.) &V&Z ka [A(; Ino kl phail&a, 
0. (.l/>ln'n«r'< roM}iU») qiltnb-tmtnll. 

Tho tratiiblinjt viinal iif tlin \m\», {Bynm, 

The feeling wn/HUi. tha iiiivi|[AliuU ■ auKl. 
Wok hai 'laih M (ba-(Anrd(4 ffw/dm, 
JakAiuh H jUn, unr iun/uli iidn. P. C. 

iUjinuf& compau, Hs-Kiinl <ii>m|)IU. 
;>"■> (^ eonjiiuafi, parkir. 
Con^aw, V. a. I, ew-irelt, gberuk; ablta k. 

We thv if}ii\jt okU com/ioii »'>ii 
Svilur tlinD (he wandering moon. Shai. 

Karth u mUMI k iat kiirth,. 
Kt drlh w io mdA iravtiA mOHutt f. C. 

S. 'jblain, pript k ; bbJI k. ; baa, yi inh- 
M ineA Uu&. 

In Bvory work n^rd thit wrilcr'ii aiiil, [/'ape. 
SlucenuneoUiranniHinuratluii tliaf iDtuiid. 
//or/cf mdt iittii i^ ru ndni ko (o ;>aA;AAd<t, 
i>dE< Aaiii vM vuAl >o Jr<( AaiA nrd ijlydn. F. C. 
li ( un ahflik my nrrlng I'.TC, 1 will ; 
If not to compnu her 111 'trm my *kill. 8kak. 
Ha takiUt rakthyi mai* Uh<,iia/Ta/t.lT ha. 

3. b'.l'agutr, gber IciiA ; glmrft dalui; 
muli&»ara k, [niva |.)iiiiiil. 

4. intend, ir&da k. ; qavd k. ; Mm k. ; dil 
To eomjMUt tha iloatli ol lli« kinK. 

BidiMli ka r»0i- (Mfnf h UtdHr k- 
mpwu about, oliKiuA tiiruf mq ^benifc; chau- 
ebtiril [111 nil. 

Tli« nb^Ay liw Odver him with thrlr ■hadoir; 

tils wltliiwa uf tlie bniuk compatt btm (bunt. 

Jolt, xl. 21 

PtT ahaiAt hoik lajit ehiil Am, 

Gird darj/a ke jhiO M hat. V. C 

Contpatsioii, n. ilayll; tnriui; rrvlimi diu'd-miuidL 

He hwl fompauiw "» Uliu. 

Ui HI Bi par Mnu iAdyd. 

Wuinnnly in)^ni>itf let to Work 'by womuilf 

enn/Kiuwfi. J/aaiufaf. 
Tirifdtarai tit lii-ifil rhiilitftokamnuhhaafi. 
CompaHloaate, ndj. dujKlQ; dnjlrwtn; dajl- 
want; ruhmdil ; danl-mand. 

Tbure iiflMf WW «ny liaarl tnily grskl and 
ganen'iiii tint wm out aian Vcntler and om- 
pniiionnlr. ■'<nuiK, 

got aitil taehiAa dAnrml nMMlna noJM Aad 
ji> daffdvalit UMT iir/iJi no Ao. 

Compualonate, v. a. dnya k. ; tarns kh&al; 

mhm k. ; ^am khu&rt k. 
Compaiilonatelj, adv. dayS kar-ko ; taraalthl- 

ko ; rnlini UiU ae ; nibm kbft-kc. [nilAflqat. 
Compatibility, n. inliriiii mol ; mat&biuat; 
Compatible, ndj, inilti; yog; umbaudbll 

miitlbiq; miiilliq. 
Compatriot, u. ok-deal; dotiT; Iiam-wntAR. 
Compel, V. a. I Lilt. com. Ai pfligrt, Ii. ptUi to 

drive] dah&n&i blittichiiA; majbOr k.; 

nicbftr k. 





Sratpendions, adj. mukhtasar; mujmal; sank- 

shep; khul&sah. 
Oontpensate, v. mujre dena ; badl% den& ; ka- 
Bar nik&lnl; evaz dena; baiilbar h. [Crahbs, 
What can compennUe for the Ion of honor? 
il6rfl kd mol noAin. 

Compensfttion, n. 1. recomj mse^ bndl& ; palta ; 
eiraz ; jaza ; ajar ; makafat ; tal&fi. 

All other debts may compeneation find, 

But love is strict, and will be paid in kind. Dryden, 

Bai badle meh har qwt he hoi sAai, 

Mokabbai kd evaz moKMat hi hoi. F. C. 

2. remuneratiotij ujrat;mahnt%Qa; mazdQrL 

3. equivaieni, mujiil ; evaz. 4. damages, 
harja} daiid; khis&ra; gaulLh-g&n; t&v&n; 
majiHL [ki tarkib. 

c^mpematian bcUanee, gbari ki cb&l tbik karue 
ampensation for appropriation of projerty, 
Btm&n-tamllk. [baldba!; ghiral. 

compeMO^on for pasture ground, cbai ai ; b^d ; 
com} ensalion for fersoncU injury , zamanfasad ; 

OoMpete, Compete with, r. n. 1. bamsan k. ; 

barilbrf k. ; bor k. ; maqabl& k. ; ris k. 
Oempetenee, CompetenqT} n. 1. adequacy , ki- 
fljat ; bas ; gaDimat 2. legal eapaeity, or 
fiinesSy adhkSr; ikhtijar; jawaz. 

Competence of a witness. Ja%D9z-i-9hahdd9lL. 
3. (of fortune) fanlgat ; asQdah-bali ; istid- 
gi; khtiBh-haJi; ftrilin; (irig-tilbali. 

Reason's whole pleasure, all the joys of sense, 
Lie in three wonls— health, peace, and eonipe- 

lenee. Pope. 
Jiadan hn tcanam aish, o dil ki khushi, 
ffaik fehh€Uf qandat o dsAdagi, F. C. 

Superfluity cotnes sooner by white hairs, but 
competency lives longer. Shaket, Merchant 
of Venice, L 2. Bakutat jal(U buddhi ho jdti 
hai,fardgat bahut din thairti Kai (Bahut 
nau din, thord tau din, Prov. 

Abundance for nine days, a little for a hun- 
dred). [wAfi. 

Oompetent, adj. 1. adequate, bas; kafi; bahut; 

2. qualified, ISyaq; qabil; jog; mustaid. 

3. having legal power, sahib-ikhtijftr ; 
mukht&r; qidir; samartbi; majaz. 

4. rightfully belonging, uchit ; i*av& ; mu- 

bah; jayaz; wajib. 

It in not competent to the plaintiff to object. 
Muddai ko nti'-kame kd ikktiyar noAin htii. 
competent authority, hakim-i-zMkhtiyar, b&-ikh> 

tiyar, ya majaz. [pakkl saniajh. 

competent understanding, sahi aur durust aql ; 
itcomfttent, ikhtiyar pahunchtSl hai; is qabil 

yh layaq hai ; maj&z hai. [uahm hai. 

u not rompet -nt, ikhtiyar nahlu hai ; majaz 
CoBtpetition, n. ham-sari: barabn: hor: mu- 

q&bLo. [qable-ka. 

OoDLpetitiTe, adj. ham-sari ka; hor-k3l; mu- 

A competitive examinatiou. Ham-^ari kd xmiehdn, 
GuBpetitory n. ham-sar; ham-chashm; hoty&; 

Competitors for a prise, /nam meft hamrsari 

And cannot brook competitors in love. Shtik. 
ishq meit ruqib duehman. 

Compilation, n. talif ; sni^greh. 
, Compile, V. a. tallf k. ; ikhatta yi ek ja k. ; 

saAgreh k. ; sanche k. ; batla k. 
CompiLeT, u. muallif; j&ml; saiiche-karta. 
Tlie compiler of a dictionary. 
Muallif-i'luffdt ; kothrachtd. 

OoxBplacenet, Complacency, d. I. satis faction, 

santokh; dil-jaroal; kh&tir-jamai ; itmln&u. 

2. complying manners, akhlaq ) muravrat. 

With mean complacence ne'er betray your 

Kor be so civil as to prove unjust ! Pope. 

Na sifiah murawat se fan apnd do ; 
Na khtdq aisdjiste be-imaf hot F. C. 

Complacent, adj. halim; su-shll; khaliq. 
Complain, v. a 1. lament, dukh rona; dukh^^a 

ja bithi kahna ; jhltikua ; rona ; uala k. 

loss of sight, of thee I most complain. Milton. 

Basdrat, mnin rota hHii tSjh ko bahut. 

2. to viform against, ulhaiia d. ; shiktah k. 
gila k. ; shikayat k. ; nalish k. 
Complainant, n. 1. faryadl; dad-khuEh. 

2. (Law) nalishi; muddai; musta>ris. 
Complaint, n. 1. lamentation, dukhra; nala. 
2. ailment, rog ; dukh ; bimai i ; pira, ; khed ; 
marz. *^. charge, ulahnft; gi]&; shikayat; 
n&lidh ; ard-nftlish ; arkt-dava ; d&7& ; illat. 
ground of complaint, yajah-Dalish ; jae-uzr ; ma- 
q&m-i-6hik%yat. [qskdma d&yar k. 

lodge a complaint, nalish k. ; arzl la^na ; mu- 
to hear complaints, ualishen suuna ; arzijan 

lenE ; farvad suuna. 

Complaisance, d. khulq ; akhl&q ; alllyat ; sll ; 

in^Diyat; subhao; admiyat; mulaSmat; 

Harm! ; slltal ; bhalmansat [su-shil ; shilvant. 

Complaisant, adj. khaliq; sabab-i-muravvat ; 

Complement, n. 1. tliat which Jills up a deficiency y 

bhart! ; piir&o ; taknul ; mutammim. 

If 10 is the integer, 7 and 3 are complements 

to each other. 
Tin aur tdt dpas mem doi ke purdo haih. 

2. accessory, sahftik ; izdyad. 3. (Trigon,) 
chakkar-tukr& aur navve darje ka farq. 
Complete, adj. [Lat. plea, Per. pur, H. bhar fill]. 
\. finished, tiiijir; sampuraii ; be-baq; 
samapt 2. perfect, pQi-a ; sanmcha ; tamam ; 
kul; s&bit; kamil; mukammal. 
Complete ruin or destruction. 
Sailiyd-nds; nivd-nda; bij-ndi. 

complete division, pQri bant ; taqsTm-mukammaL 

complete month, pQra mabfua. 

Complete, v. a. pQra k ; tamam k. ; khatam k. ; 
samapt k. ; aujam ko pahunchana ; siddh k. 

Completely, adv. sampuran; sakal; tamam; 
bilkul; uipat; mahz; nakhsesik tak; sir se 
pair tak ; sar-ta-pa ; sar-a-pa ; sar-ansar ; tam- 
am-o-kam&l ; yak-qalam ; daro-bast. 

Completeness, u. kamal ; tamami; kamftliyat; 
takmil; itmam. [dihi; itmara; ikhtit&m. 

Completion, n. nibtao ; nibteiil ; takmil ; anjam- 

draws to a completion, p{ir& hw% chahta hai ; 
tamam hone ko hai ; itmam par hai. 




0(mpltx, ftdj. 1, muMhlcAtr} iiwjiikt. 2. a^ht,; 
{KMiliIUnii) Uh-iitt-tnti ; peoU-d»r-pecfi. 

E)ii)|lliih Una In India (rrow more coa^iUte 

rturf (1ii|r, uid tlmt it th« bane ot Juttlce. 

ItiinlattAit Dint (lAgi'nl ^ntn roi Ad'nn pakl- 

Jak haUjtU tain, oMT yeAl t<U(f/ J« iho? «■«» 

fomplas nadiiin, iMlmt m punoA-vill kal} 
peoh-dltr-peub yl gontkhdhSBde kl kftl. 

Conq^xiaa, n. 1. co^r, rai'ig; r(^; baran. 
Men judge b« tlic WniVorim nt tb* tkj 
Tha RUte ml inelliMttfrn uf tlie iliy. d%at 
^'ni Adt rJfil'A-l'ar (t MAnllA MraAp far, 

/aAiAu Wi( W h phir wxl idn din te (UoAff 

Iw. K.C. 
2. ffMjwrainmfy snfili&o> prilffk; khaslab) 

Compl^oe, n. Dixit- m Ftii ili ; mnns!; sngf-litr). 

QompUant, Ailj, Unglkuri; miiiinnivK; tiami} 
taxlTin knriio-Vilia. (ditliii; phaidlii&. 

OmpUwte, T. ft. tiljbunS : peolitdl k. ; pecff 

dnuplisate, Complkatad, adj< ul.iliS; pcchldsii. 
Hiiw poor, liiiw rioli, liow objocb, hu* angiut, 
Hnw ViH)iliatte, hiivr <r<iiid«rf ii I t* nwii. I'otU^, 
XsH 1i gam o wulu, I-y^ AT t^ib OBtAAn, 

a rootpiira'e matltr, nljhl b»l bU; ^obTdnh 

niiiniuliiiRb. [pcch. 

Complieatloa, n. nljhilA} ffljhctft; plmAUU); 
Oomplidtx, 11. nf MCt ; akiish. 
CompUBMnt, n. jUnr-n^i) } KhAtlr } ptwikn i 

tnNlIiii> lilUb; taknlhtf} tawbo. 
IfitM iny riTin/ilimtiiti, lirMnrkr^ MilUm tnilinl. 
staiiil tn '<mi>hm')it, HrtUm kil imiiit«jir yii 

klmriMlfi h, ; iulur clii^lma } m^n m^wX kll h. 
Compliment, v. n. furftlmrk } tartf k. ^ wOti 

will» k. ; tnlisfit f> nfrlii k. 
CompllDientary, mlj. tAimlTi} tnknllirRniv. 
Comply, f. 9,. iiiAiiiiil} iMlIm k. ; fiMMWr k^; 

iiiiKikfir k. ; anl-kar k,; (jnlifil k. 
Hi' Mmt rimiAim t^nymr, his will, 
Ik iif hill 11(11 ophiiiifi Hfll. tl^Hran, 

KhU"/ npii mnni tt ii tn! larf, 
ft"* 7il(«im Aei «/i"l wi >* pt. F. C. 

Conponenty ii. >iz ; kitti i tnkrA ; resoc 
fonportf V. II. milnn^ iiiMtiitii) k. | ttu&ritt 

k. ; liiuirnAz h. 
CompoH, V. H, 1. iJifffuir, tfitllli (T. f Rrtry'inil. 
:!. ((M riN nHf/cir-) bwiiir k,; iiwim k. ; 

bKDruift; mdtwi.: Iik1it>». [iiii. 

■I, {Priiithiif) liart' jir"*> irt"l»"'i, J'" Imif.liil- 
4. enlm, dliihti dhuriia ; tlu'iviut Unit ; illih: 

lAfrilliiliiil ; tDskiii d. ; tnhbatl'E d. 
to frmi''me 'nir;i/f; liiivSi jniiiil k. > dil {liikSiitr 

k. ; ijlmnm jf. dWg lifih.lfimt. {yi. k. 

/o rmaj'fon errnrit, kIk-T kiiliiifi, ; na^m nklitm 
Compowd, ndj. thir ; dhiift; luimtiifjil f miijjn- 

iiin; Miijifhili. [iiiiinihki>l> U 

In l,r r.,aiiO<"fi n^, milfi ft. ; >nii-hiiii h.; 
Compoiedly. i>d*. thtrxfi; dlihni m ; mtnlnklr 

He ; dUru'iiH ao : flil-jrtniH t nc ; Vionb rr havili nC' 
CompoicdueH, Ccnftposvre, n, tkir; rlliii-iiji; 

dlifkint; lNlii|iri]; illl^iniai^ mMuklr; ^inr; 

iriiilijriii ; tiiiii.'ttiiikt. 

Oompoiaf, n. 1. an mMfff, mtnanttif $ (tnurfA. 

kartft. 2. (of miuic), gU nikiliie^vili ; r^^ 
tiniiAiiflvil&. (ohaiikhti. 

OOTOfO^M^-bUM, n. (Prinl) hsrf jnniiiie kH 
CMnpoffiiig<nile,ii.</')-tn^ liftrfjofiie kil klitlnah. 
Compotlii)[ ititk, n. {Print) hoi-f joriw kl tttklifL 
OoaipoalM, p. p. (ftfHpoimrlfd, itijiiil^ nratiMckah. 

A enmpiuil* niimlnr, ma^itn-MnU J pOHl fiaU, 

Gompositim, n< 1. rAnhnait'on, mef; iVii^; 

bMsiiih-, sakhti biuiavft^; niilSviit i Mrktb. 

2. arrttnifimttit, Bar}*) ; si^llvttt ;'tani1). 

WmpvtiHoa /^ fffref, biil-mel-nikl>d< [vMli. 

Compoiitoi, 11. {I'ritii} fiorf niilBua yS jofu<;- 

Compoit, n, kfi&t j pifttj. 

Cgn^ooBd, V. a. 1. mirufte, miiartti; nmn&kab 
k. } amgukt k. } imeik. } iantkhta k. ; iiiHkfi- 
lat k. } larkKi k. 2. ntljutt, uimtAiilC ; nihfert 
k.}chiukMii; pMclifiSlk. >fiiJHlnk. ^liW-ii&iul 
k. S.ladoU) dwiiaab) bhugt&ui; hina-i- 
rawldld. 4. ^Oram) >i>^; muri^kab k.; 
tai'kil) deiiK. 

Oomptmnd, Couponttied, a&y miUKA f awijnhi) 
Riumkknl) ; iiiakkAQt ; ^mukjita. 

amfffmtil frodimi, oiilvaiilkdMU'; kowr tnorAt 
kab ; bhiigaiiu bmidh. 

MtmfOVnd/fiioe or motion, (ifecU.) milt-chU, 

rwnpotntt itittrrti, bfij, pai bjrl^ ; std d»r sM; 

(Vmpmiiid larcm^, ekiry&A J iql-nKryU; on- 
tnaddftd ■nr^ii;, yi oklii-i-bojft. 

conTinitiM^f /nws {Jtoi.} yirt pntti 

eompownd tvlio, ti»iiiiniil>-L iLiiirukkftb; gAfrrfllj;. 

emiiffAund imnlf^Graia.) iiinrakkiihrlufz ; j-ivigik; 
HUii>uklithiU)d ; (ind-birt. 

Conpoud, n. K milito ; ith'I ; ikhlililt ; amciiitili. 

Mbu is ■ romjKmnd <\i flmli hh well iw of npirii. 
Mm'i pittlH Jrinit Xrti (Tnsflf M rt«fj*» (4, 

2. (6'i-0M,^Ji;inirt(kirii"; vuln-xhidid. 3. (^o.( 
Tndiet) iiiakfLii ku ulirn ]k yft xattivii ;. &ft){iUi. 

Corai^undor, it. diiAVil-Huz; <liu».t liHiiniie\i^iL 

Comptsheud, v. a. [I-nt fTfhn,iliff., H. jialutf 
nd to take hcild of.]. \. rumfirim,- ^hvmi-; 
bUhiw I'likliiiri; NliritriLtnikhiirk. t. midrritnmf, 
bi\jWii3i; HiitiiajliLiri; /,obii nii'i'i Ifkiiil. 

Obmpiekeniible, tkilj. (|rib.l-iil-ti>liiii ; «Mnin>JlHi« 
yil l.njhiio jti* 

CnnpNiietiBiua, n. )<f\jh}><iimniih;.fiilini. 

Comprebansivfl, ndj. t. tiKlalim; fabkn^ 
uMDiilh-dih-: iikiik; Iru.lliiiir.'ii. 

lliJiU,; hrivt; pllnilnhtifi; Wiihl. 

CfmipfeheitsiTejtMa, n. ■yiwr; )>Fnu)rko; vitnnt. 

CompASBi, V' n. ilnJiftiia; diktuia; i!i<lK>(.'hirk: 
, p.-bifi; l.),iiuhrirv. 

CbmpteH, II. •■!v\i\\\ ]uiU;; liiiiidhiiii. 
. CompteMed. {/;»/.) ilnilu;'|.i( bni; bfiicfii hni 

Comptesslble, luij. dnlmi' Jok ; dal)Mii-)tfir : rliilmo 

I ko IiLImV [hiMl'hIo. 

CompTMstbitity, r. U'l'!r^) dabtiit; Hitkriio ) 
I Carapfession, Cciinpre»uie, n. ilaliik>; Afi.\>»; 
\ d.UM-h.'i; libkliao.; iii<,;i>rkX. 




■, % tiUliiMl fc (Coropreheni), 

Frieudsluf) due* two aoula in oae «Hapriw, 
Ao*cei|itiw#, Dottt kar litH Im do}'» tath, 

CowLpromue, V, a. d^CA dftba-|(e r&zl k, 

it je^Mw WBia ^ plflotf w ^hckheriia* f 

W'l.uld giv|! duiiiw)* rauuH ou eompuUiaa, 
Siatet. Hk^ij, iv. pt, I, ij. f. 
/par ifu/Uo) ■( tatnt t M'& W*« btr. fbhi 

Sucfe awMt mntyu^wn doUl ill Wi^ ii>> 

-To lull Uie4>w)ghten ot iiecerntf. Sfi^ton. 

Par* ki OMP rd-; am A«l U<irS. 

Siiidnkai mM a u^t UW4. y, a. 

P)aqaUofJ.H4i>[U4iJ1)B'Ii ufcab&rl; qah4 
comimUurt uocttott, jubvau-takU ; UtebBal-i'bU 
jnbrj zabwUqtftf i^iii leiuljn wuaUl k. 

CgmpntlO^e, vlj. sitiue-jogf; glpna ka liljraq ; 

Cjmpntatidii, n. giuti,- diumv; tedid ; ted&d- 

ti bui«bli^i>ii lUiumlrk. [ritHq, 

(iaW^dA, u. Bitlii; baui-kb&us ; (MOlllaiUi 

Kathpr I kbjura all ruofa, uid choOM 

T» ba » eomniiie with tiu wotf ftud owl- ^M- 

KiuH I,e»r, ii. i 
KariUi giiu u«r Ui^yoA jd* yiuf^ F. 0, 

tatt t- [i^t- «"!*'" ftg>uiut1 Mrdidi odd o 
b*l«l; birodfe; ukt* uJtH. 

Pm ■nil COM. Salua-iahil i fxM o iwM. 

C<v, r- B, fvi k-f imoAi^ k- ; obit mfiu liuji. 

C*«9ei #ud Jaunxl b; rote. SjUi, ^rutM 
and fiuvti- -Voit ai£nA fair lift. 

CoMatouMv, V, a. lurj b^^dhu^ ; gftutbui j 

nUla bundf k, j zaoum-bandl k. 
CnigatavfffQ, q, larlj aiUiU-baud[ ; tae^snl; 

KMufra-^udi, [muq^r, 

CiiDnT«, t)(jj. IfhukU; kliili; gal^i; inDjawwafj 
miMr^ tivjaee, (Snt,) Qiithi baithak. 
Owijarity, n. kjjukhotul;; qVj khali. 
IJia(e«l, Y. a- cbfiupi'ui ; o^ t ; k- ; «Jop 

k. ; g.i])t k- ; v*"*" If- i poabjdn k.; rS-pustt 

k ! pjiiti&U k- i kh'iliya S. 

■le griefii «ftKct loaeat'h'i hrmrta. Bp*n»er. 
■leile ho i/M kai dugmi nug. 

Conf«alQ9»tt "• 1' '^ (i^ chhiipao : gopau { 
lu[Mii; iijhiil! olfttj giipt; ra-ptJB(ii; pw. 
4^i HtjtiifUgl; puslifda^. 

Ml* oaver tnid lier lo*e ! 

But lot conwu'wnil lilce a wons 1' tlie bnd 

ftwd UK hor ilouiuk obeek. £Mw. Tifttfti 

l/i,M ii, i 

,V<> m 'fbai- fl«r mekaUal l-a nitm ) 
CUfiiA ghiH fakA, iaiM gnl mti, muiim, 
Qagi cAtir n>h attV rukk-H6Ufim. F, 0, 

fl, iiidinff pl^"*. ahbupne ki JMgah ; ghAt ; 
partkh ; jU-posbUagi. 3, (Lmo), ikfafft. 
MMf^metrf 4^ i<y(il, jS^-cbhupJlo j ikhfli^ 
U«al]ud G. Q. 

eoneeabtunt of bitik £y t^ mofher, ilchns- 

tawallud «« tarf-i-mAdar, U. U. ; iu9 kl or se 

japa ct)))upftu&. [pio. 

OOMtalmnt of crime, liittSS-inrm ; kiiub-clihu- 
concealmrtit of marriage, ikUSo izdaw&J, U. U. ; 

b^fth cttbupKo. 
umI/ii/ tojKtalntent, ikhfU bll qiud ;& Utl irida, 

G. G. r j»D kar ohfaiipliUl. 
jftj/W ooftaeatmeHt uf keiwv* offrtua, JkkfUJ 

amadau jafiyHoi-i-iiugfo, U. U ; j&u-ku*' 

bliirl aprtdbop ko ohfaiipftiA. 
ffgnfeda, v. a. diI^iitjI; Uubl bliftruS; tasllm 

k. ; (jiibill k- ; Qiftiiitlr k- 
Coatfeit, u. ]. a gufuiU fun*!/, ghnfa^f baiiilvati 

Diilbillga. 8. extravagant optnioit of OTKtctf, 

»b|)ltn4g; kbud-ljiiij win. 

SuMt tbuu a, uum wuwr lu bl* otd foaocti; 

tboN ia m'>re bopa ut a fuol l^wn a( 

U'n. VroF. x»l. );), 

Jo idml ipko agaliatul lamnikH M, to JStxt 

•gA nifiit miniik haL 

out of coiicnt iciV', upui ma(ld-i-4ittLi«it ;& dil- 

p«H4iid Be j( uthni. [girilna ja utfeut. 

^ put onr atU ^f coJient viih, n^zr ya jl se 
Co^Wtod, ttdj. abt)iiiiftui; att»i>g-kai1igun)aui; 

kbud-blii ; kbud-pHtaiid. 
C«itcelT»llle, ndj. Ju tliit meu i, e»ke ; chetau- 

Jo{jj aaajajbiie-jog [ lasawwur k« Ujaq; 

qarn)-iil'&biu J (jaiib-ul-ija.vat. 
Cinuivi, V. a. 1. reativo iMia tit iKmti, uuirah 

qnbQl k. ) ildban Be h. j }ie( r^hu^ ; Ii&uiila 

)i.; 'i. iinaffine, kUi.vil k.j iiool(iiii UicbJkru^j 

«hit yi. kl)ij ai meu )ti4 i ta8«vrur k, 
CpilOtiTf, T. H. pet se b. ; pe| rabnjL ; garbb 

b. ; bl^uiilah b- { ummed bb b> l iJhaj) se h- 

A virgin ilj.'ll ooi.eeipt aiul a wu, /w. vu- ii. 
Kudn gnrabli te hofii. nar iartil iimtgi. 

Cwtcenvr^ta, y, a, ek ji j* ek tbaiw ikhatta k. 

S<ih||Milr«wir«tlKUcdhU wbalefiroaM hb 
own camp, l/ivfaomm iiy»t laaidta fiii^ 
ihhaotii ntJi ii/uMi tur U. 

OtfLMittfatiM, 1), (o/ (it flMitQ khijal JamAiA 

ya ek ja k. 
(lOSOWitliGi «4j. ak bIeb-T(li ; hwu-markaa, 
ConcQptloq, u. }. idea, kbijU; tax^VTur; 
biebir. 8. (i« <A« MHWift}, pe( ; gftt ; &dhaii ; 

l^rbh; hamal. [wrok^ y4 saraa rakhua, 
Conie™) V. a. U^te, uatnb^Qdh, iUqa, tftalluq, 

It da«> nut nanBtra uis. Jf Kl'A K t<wAA taaU-q nahi., 
Co&Otni, i>. t. btuiMeat, kBiii; k^; dbaudAj 

kir u ii4r ; sar o kar ; vWa. 
S. ifn/.arlaiir*, m&rka ; zurflrat. 
3. talic'tude, ch.Dtft ; fikr; parriL 
all eotieeitted, sob bar-o-kSr ntkbue-Tile j ahl-i- 

tlif j-artitu conrtrued, fktlq^n ; t«rfkin. 
to 6« ''oncfTtti'i I. ooiiTieeltd w^h, gara yK ear 

o k^r raVbnH; gnraz-inaad yi statifk b. ; 

tftnlliiq iftkhna. 2. *orrotp/ij, dil-glr h.; 

diikh] h, i afaod k 
ConoenUat, prep, bishej b&batj Iij»; w&Bte; 

m&re) ko; par; Bir. 





Canoart, y. a. saUh k. ; tntvilahat k. 
Concert, ii. 1. eaogat; milap; met; itti^. 

All tlieag dUcoiitBuM IiaTe Kiteo fruoi tlig mDt 
i>{ duo commiinicatiua and eoaetrt. Smjt. 
Yih (OMdiii jhagrt Spat kt mtl mBip avr itti^iq 
na kont. tt uUKi hain, 

2. (of MuHe) maikdll; chauki; rahas; 

tB^fah. ' [mat Re. 

'« eoiKtrt mth another, faliiie kl aalib ya 

Concertina, u. ek qlsm kii [hiAbi; ijibat. 

Conce3Bion, u. 1. Uuead, maiizflii; r&'.a-uiaudi; 

Bj- luuliiat coHCniloni the lifiiir «M aettlvd. 
Tiir/ui» H Kudnanill h avqadma Jaital Ao 

2. it)ni'iY«jr;, al£ ; ikntiyir; haq. 
Concll, D. [H. gatikh] Uhelt) saiikh ; ka<ir&; 

akqda; inohrE; ^h'>ngh&. [nftukh-bidyarihl. 
Concbologiat, u. ^pl<n k& hSi (larliue-vitla; 
Concflalo^y, u. slpiuti ki ilm ; HHokli-bidilj-a. 
Conciliate, v. a. DjaTiiit)a ; laxi k. ; bhush k. ; 

dil h»th uetL leii& 

lb wu [uiin<! 'lecnear; to eoneUiate the oniioa, 

Logokkidtl kith, men ImS turarf nAfCm pari. 

OoBoiliating, Conciliatory, adj. 1. miUpi; 

miluii'itar; ttuIah-B&z; irtiliat-ftmeK ; ikli- 

tiliit-iiasi. 2. pasaudldah; tthuah-gavilr ; 

maa-bhii ; mut&jain ; tiarni ; millm. 

A coneitialars pnlioy. Tadl4'--i-pa*inuiidaK. 

Con<dliation, n. iii&ii ; me1;iDilSpi melmilap; 

rai&i isUraS; miiBiUhat; ikhtilUr; irtibit, 

Conoiie, udj. [Lat. eon, U. tang witb, Lat. 

eaiderf, H. ehima to cleave] mukbtaaarj 

saukahep; khul&s&i chhoti, 

TkedoncJMityle.wbioltexpi-eneth not enough, 
b»t leavw loinewliat to be undcntood. S. 
Jwuon. MuilUaiaT iliSrai, jit it pirS iihir 
noAln kota, beUki huckh im kuiAh maHiii/ 
roAM Aai. 
a eoneUe writer, iniikhttuar-navis, 
Conctaely, ndv. tbore lafz y& ibftrat tneA; 
mikhtiiBar; niujmalitn ; iklitiHaran. [koUhi. 
Conciieaess, a. ikhti^ir; ijm&li sankahcp; 
CoQclave, u. gupt-aubhl ; khufya-jalsa. 
Conolade, v. a. 1. tnd, aiit k ; p11r& k.; aam- 
pfirjii k. ; aam&pt k. ; tamlm k. ; khatam k. ; 
akhlrk.; aiijiim k. '2. infer, mtWai; natlja 
i)ik&lii&; mui&l loiiS; m&iie i)ikalu&. 

But iiD frail m»D howerer great or hi^ 
Cia be eondudtd beit before he dia. Addiian. 
Koi titfutAf kaiii hi kove iafu 
Ifahli paku fflOTM ii mi «e AAaM. F. C. 

S.teltle, chukanS; nibUua; pilr&k.; nabe- 
r& k ; qat^r d. 

To anicludt a penca. Sulak k. 

to bi conduJed, wkaliii; niuutaj h. 
oeoiidude^adv. al qissa; al-garaz; hasil-i-kal&m. 
o condudf an alliance, inel milap k ; ahd k.; 

i*hta ya rifaqat paida k.; r&h-iuvisli k. 
Conclude, v. n. krminatf, aiit h; akbir h.; 
taiuam h.; anj&m paua; aampQraji h.; hi> 
chukiia ; khatam b. 

A tmin of lie^ [2>rj(fcn. 

That, made in luiit, eanctudt in perjurios. 
Ua»tt ntii jHaii biUli jitnl kihaih hanott. 
Xkhir haljf-ilaroji $abhi ko ham haih pSU, V.C. 

Conclniion, ti. 1. dour, aot; akbir; &kbirat; 

iutiLa; aujaru; itniam; ikUtiUai; kbulm; 

kbiitiina ; aijj&rn-k&r. 

2. in/er»nce, [iml ; hisil ; natlja. 
eonelvtian of mlc, ikbtilain-i-iifiaui. (9. 0. 
Conclndvs, adj. qatuf; qate ; do-tok; sliafT; 

aut-kiLri. [biqan. 

ConcltuiTely. adv. iiataan; pramanya; iimt- 
CoBOoot, T. a. [hot. eoqaere, U.pahhiS to cook] 

{a leheme) tadblr k.; apae k. 
Conoolar, {Boi) ok-raAgiL 
Co&camitaiit, adj. [Lat. eomea, mmilia, H. tan- 

gati a cuiupnuioii] xAthT; ham-i-&b!; aangati. 
Concord, u. [Liit. cor, cordin. Ski. hradya, H. 

/iti'ifa heart.] \. umoii, annjog; eki.; uiel; 

ii»Upi iltimqi iDiit&biqitt ; iniifcfiqat; ati- 

g&i'I; aahti. 'i. {Mum.) bam-ahaugi ; samS ; 

dimi-H&zt; tal-mel. 3. (fr'Ain.) tarkib. 
Concordance, n. In^o ; rabi ; inuabababat. 
Concordant, adj. \.agieniig, ek-mel ; munltfiq; 

mutabiq. 2. /la'-inontout, hani-anr; Imm-i'&g; 

tuilahiiS; stiiill. 
ConooDTM, u. bblr; aaAgat ; jiimKnt; ran^ma; 

amboh ; maudii ; jaRighatl. 
Concrete, adj. 1. vniudiu grovith. mot^amid; 

bustu : ek j& ikhatta. 3. wot obttvact, jo indri 

ee paiohblLuS jl6 ; mahsiU. 
eoneretc noun, ism-sifnt ; Bangya-binUeshan. 
etMOrtU number, adad-i-ail&'i; bbaxi auk; 

maqrOn adad. 
eonerete Untu, baata ; chie. 
Concrete, I). 1. kan-jorbastu, 2. {£ci^}b8Bll; 

chu; mashsils; indri-oliio baatu. 
Concretion, II. kau-jaiiiao; injim&d. [pan*. 

Concnbinage, n. kai&o; madkiialiyat; Hurait- 
Concubinaiy, adj. kai'&ti'k& ; liaram-k& ; ma- 

tualliq-i-bai am. 
Concnbine, n. kar&la; lukbnt; rakhelin; naad- 

kliQla; haraiu; auhua; choi-mahaL 



« lai 

And jet too prouil tu be your contiiiifK. Shak. 

Henry. tI. |it, iii. 2. 
tfatat if nain Uyiv] nd*fA Up let 
Haram bunnt tt Ar haipar mujht. T, C 

to take a» a coneubinf, kariku k. ; kar len&j ghar 

meu daliii; barnm baii&nE. 
Concnpiienoe, n. mastf ; Jbal; liam; sbahvat; 

iiafa; ag^ ball; madaii, 
ConCQpiicent, aHj. mast; sbahvati; ahabvat- 

paraat; kaiuij rasvaut; raajl. 
Concur, v. □. 1. <ig>ee, mitui; saiijc^ h. ; jof 

\A; ittifaq h. 2. conlribnie lo, mihA; ami- 

taiiq b. ; biiiani h. 3. (in opinion) ek mat h.; 

muttafiq-ul-rfce h. 
Concntrsnoe, n. \.i:omhination,'yyT; mel; eU; 

ittilaq. 'i. content, b&iibi; augfk&r; niara; 

maaearl. 3. (in opinion,) eV-chit ; mau-mal; 

ek-dili: ittifaq-i-rl6. [rth. 

Conoarcent, adj. tk satb; sang: baliamt; ham- 
Concurrently, adv. sang liai'ig ; sath bitfa ; bam- 

rih; pae-ba-]ja@. [cbot; sadma. 

ConcoSJion, d. lakkar; mut-bfaer; dhaUUt; 




eomcunioH of the brcun, magz ya khopri k! chot. 
Goademii, y. a. [Lat. damnare damn, H. do$h 

blame] 1. censure, dosh d. ; dukhna ; bura 

kahua ; khot batlauil ; aib lagaua ; malamat 

k.; qu^idrv&r thair&niL 2. sentence^ mujrim 

thairaui ; fiitva d. 3. pronounce wiJU for use 

or eeririce, be-k&r tajvlz k. ; nakara k. ; radd 

k. ; nikamma bat ana. [hukm-i-qas&s. 

Gbndenmatioii, n. fatw&; saz&kahukm; dand; 
CoBdemoatoTj, adj. mii8talzim-i-8az&; muteam- 

min-i-ilzatu-i>8aza ; dand-ka; khil&f. 
ODBdensate, CondenBe, v. a. [Lat. denstu thick, 

H. dhamd sink] garhi k. ; basta k. ; jam&Q& ; 

mtiDJamid k. ; kasif k. 
Oondense, ▼. u. garha h. ; garhy&Q& ; jamnSi ; 

kaaif b. ; munjamid h. ; basta h. 
OmideioeiLd, ▼. n. oivuSi; nihurn&; dabu&; 

Utitkt k.; farotani k.; jbiikn&; mail k. 
not to condescend to epeak, mOnh se na bolnS ; 

b&t iia kahua. 
OondeicenBion, n. namrata; fan>-tanl; inkU&r; 

iltifat; mudSir&t; khulq; tav&/.o. 
Cosdigii, adj. [Lat. di^us, H. jo^ worthy] jog; 

layaq; wijib; saz&war; mujib. [jog-qaod. 
comLgn punishment , wajib ya mun&sib 8az&; 
Cowdhnent, n. 1. mas&lah; ch&ahn!; ch^; 

chhaunk; bagh&r. 2. sawad; mazah; z&eqa. 
Conditioii, n. [Lat. con + the ba^ die — , (Skr. 

dik) in indicare to point out, Skr. tfe H. 

dishd direction, quarter.] 1. «<a(«, hill; ha- 

^^> g&^> g^^l> dasha; haisyat; ahw&l; 

kaifiyat ; alam ; rangdhaug ; tiltar. 

OomdUiouM make and eondUiont break. Prov. 
Halai k\ bsndte, aur hdUU A* bigdre. 

2. rank, padvl; darja; rutba; martaba; 

maosab; ohda; p&ya. 3. stipulation^ shart; 

hor; qarar; iqrar; ahd; ahd o paim&n. 
amdUdonof UfeyhamyBX'y istetaat. 
o;( condUUm that, is shart se ; ba-sharteki. 
Conditional, adj. sharti; mashrut; hori. 

2. (^ram.) shartiy a; horiya. 
conditional cor^'unction, harf-i-shart. 
conditional mortgage, bae-bil-wafli ; hor-bikrL 
conditional sale, jakar bikri; ba^' mashrtkt. 
Conditionally, adv. ba-sharteki; mashrQt ba- 

Condole, v. a. pursa d.; &nsQ d&ln&; matam- 

purai k. ; taziyat k. ; muqam d. ; sanpe j&n&. 
Crmdolement, Condolence, n. 

pursa; mitampursi ; sanpa; t&zyat. 
Condone, y. a. chbima k.; mu&f k.; bakhshn&. 
Condnce, v. n. [Lat ducere to lead, H. dhakd 

posh] ruju h. ; m&yal h. 
Oondneive, adj. m&yal ; ruju ; jhuka. 
OoBdnct, n. 1. ^nanagement^ ehtim&m ; intizam ; 

hkiiyat; k&r-ravai; peshw&I; rah-num&i; 

agwaL 2. behaviour, chil ; chal chalan ; achar ; 

wmxa; atw&r; rah o ravish; taur tarJqa. 
eonduet of cm army, fauj-kasbi; lashkar-kashL 
^ood conduct, bhalmans&i; nek-chalau; achchha 

dMilan; kbush^tvir. 

unlawful conduct, harakat-i-na-jayaz. 
Conduction, u. (/^Ayf.) chalana; pahu&ch&nS. 
Conductor, n. 1. a leader, rahuuma; rah-bar; 
agwa; pesh-rau; agvaul. 

2. manager, muntazim ; mohtamim ; daro- 
gah. Z.(Phys.) chal&ne-vala; pahiinchaue-y&la. 
Conductor ot \keaX. Garml pafiuhchdne-vSld. 

Conduit, n. nail ; dami ; nae. 

Cone, n. [H. kond, corner] gajardaul; sikhar; 

makhrQt; gol sikhar; makhrur.-i -mustadir. 
oblique cone, tirchha sikhar ya gajar-daul. 
riglU cone, khara sikhar ya gajar daul. 
scdid cone, makhrQt-i-mujassam ; thos gajar 

daul. [i^Q k 

Confabulate, y. n. bat-chit, bol-chal, ya guft o 
Confabulation, n. b&tchit ; bol-clial ; guft o 

gti; qil-,aL [p^o> witliai. 

Confection, Confect, Confectionery, u. aiurabb&; 
Confectioner, n. halwai; iiiurabba-&&z. 
Confederacy, n. ittihild; ahd o paiman; qaul 

o qarar ; ek& ; sazish. 
Confederate, u. sathi ; rafiq; muahid; sharik. 
Confederation, u. ittihftd ; ek& ; mel ; sILzish ; 

ahd o paim&u. [k. ; mil j&u&. 

to enter into a confederation, ittihad k. ; sazish 
Confer, y. a. [L<at. cum ^fer, H. bhar Skr. bhri 

bear] bestow, den& ; pahunch&nil; bakhshna; 

marahmat k. ; ata k. 
Confer, y. n. consult, bat k.; guft o ga k; batla- 

na; mat pQchhu&, r&6 leim; sal&h lena; 

mashvarah k. ; h&iid! y& khichri paku&. 
Conference, n. mashvaruii ; sal&h. 
Confssa, y. a. iqr&r k. ; qubul k ; iqb&l k. ; tas- 

lim k. ; angik&r k. 

To eonfeu oiie*< sins. GunSk kd iqrdr h. 

Confessedly, adv. albatta ; be-shak ; bila shuba. 
Confession, u. iqrar ; swik&r ; angi-k&r ; iqbal ; 
Ijab; eteraf. 

confession of crime, iqrar-i-jiirm. 
confession of judgment, iqbkl-i-dJiv&. 
fuU confession, |Hikk& iqiir; iqrar-i-l^mil. 
Confessional, n. padriyoii ke baithne ki jagah 
jahaii se gunabon ka iqr&r suuii karte hain. 
Confejsor, n. (a priest) p&dri jo gun&h>g&ro& 

ke gunahon k& izh&r suuta hEtL 
Confidant, n. [Lat. fdes faith, Skr. pcU trust] 
rHz-dar ; ham-r&z ; bhediya ; mahram ; dam- 
s&z ; ham-dam ; mahram kar; parda-d&r. 
You love me fur no other end 
Than to become my eoufidant, and friend. Dryden, 
Mujke i$ garaz m tH kartd hai py&r 
Kiho jdi tU merd kamrdi o ydr, F. a 

Confide, y. a. bharosa k ; patiyana ; partit k ; 

yishvas k ; etebar k ; etemad k. 
to cof^e in, eteb&r k ; bharosa k 

The prinoo eor^fUki in his ministers. 
Bajd apne tnantrfoh kd bitJivdi kartd hoL 

Confidence, n. 1. reliance, bharos&; partit; 

patiyara; etebar; bisyas; eteqad. 2. asu- 

ranee, itminan ; yaqin ; nish-cha^ ; eteqad. 

His eoi^fidenee was shaken. Utke eteqdd meA 





Confidant, a<1j. nis-Bandeh; motaqid. 

The fowl raj<etb and U confident. Prov, 

Be-vaqftf ntkkhjdntA hai aur kkc{fd koUl koL 

Confidential, adj. ra£-d2lr; bam-r&z; motaoiad; 

bh'.-dl; motabar; bishv&.^I. 
Confidently, 'adv. iii8-8aufdeb ; bili-shuba; 

istiijlal 8e; bharo8& kar-ke; be-dh«»rak. 
Configuration, u. rfip; sarat; itich&vat. 
Confine, u. blm%; sivaiill; oarhad. 
Confine, v. a. rokiiii; rok r;ikhii&; atk&oa; 

had biudhna; paband k. ; mahdad h. 
tu be ayitfined to ane^n bed, cbarpai seni : 8&hib- 

i-fara'sh i.; ch&rpILl »6 kamar lag jaufl; 

paru bii'ikT ba;^&. 
Confinement, u. 1. sedueitm, ekftut meh baith- 

iia; gObba-ua^MiiI; kbilvat-uashlu! ; kinam- 

kashi; uzlat-guziui. [baiidhej; qaid, 

2. restraint^ rok; ^; atkfto; baiidi; 

3. lying in (in MldUrth) janue ke k&ran 
palaug par pare rahiiH. 

Confirm, v. a. 1. make firm, pakk&k.;tnazbat k.; 
miwtalikaiu k. ; taqvlyat d. 2. make eertaiih 
uibbchac k. ; pakka k. ; tahqiq k. ; thtk k. 

WbiUt all the »tun that ruuud her bum, 
And all the planets hi thdr turn, 
CoT^rm the tldingi as they roU 
Ami spreKd the truth from pol« to pole; Addiion, 
Gird chamke haih uthejo iirt, 
Daurd karti haiUjo hi MOiydre, 
KarU taad^ haih kkabar, bare, 
NUr-i-kaq kd suAtfr km <dt«. F. C. 

3. ratify, barqai^r yi balull k. yi rakhna; 
tasdiq k! 4. {tfte rlU) krishtaii k. . 
Confirmation, u. \,e9tablUhiwity\&\M\ istiq- 

lal; taid; isiehkam. 
Tritleu light as uir 

Are u> the jealtiun conjirfmiiioni strong 
Ah pnK»f« of holy writ. ShaL Othello^ iii. 3. 
ShakHmlztij tthaJcJinoh ko adnA umMr hcUke, 
JIaiiifje subnt imkke, qurau ke iMvUftte. F. C. 

2. rrt/i//W*o«, bar-qaran; liabali; tasdiq. 

3. ths rite, kriaUa l)i\naue kl rasm }& lit. 
Confiriuatory, adj.iuiiawiu; muabat; luuaiyid; 

coniirimUory stitement, bayaii-i-muaiyid. 
Confirmed, adj. pakka; sthir; drip; sabit; 

mazbat. 2. eiiUibli«hed, qayaiu; mohkain; 

liabal; bar-qarar. 
Confiscate, v. a. zabt k. ; l)ftit-iil-mal men 

daliia; sarkari baiia leiia; qurq karua. 

Confiscated prujierty. 

Confiscation, n. zabtl; qiiiqi. 
Confi3cator, n. zabt kame-vala ; zabit. 
Conflagration, ii. [Lat. ton-vfiayrare, H. 

Lhirakna, to burn] ataiili-Ziulagi; shola; 

lukwar; luka; agwabi; ag la^'iia. 
Conflict, a. 1. cotlueiony takkar; tbokai*; 

dhakka; uiukhalafat. 

2. rombity lai-al; jan^'; kliata-patT. 
Conflict, V. n. takrana; takkar kbana; dbakka 

lai^na; i-birnii; larnS; lunqabilab k. 
Confilctbig, p! p.birudb; khilaf; bar-aks; uaql^ 
Cotijlictini/ opiuioDH. Mukkatif rdcn. 

Conflnence, 1. junction of dreams, jor 
saugam; milap. 

Allaliabad U situated at the tonfiuenee 

GfHiges and Jamna. 
A Hahabad Oahgd Jamnd he tabgmm pa 
3. concourse, bbir; amboh; kuttrat; c 
Confluent, adj. milvau; jurvau. 
canfiuetU small j^ox, kiraiya ; niasQrija. 
Conform, v. a. I. {to or with) ebjau h. ; i 
k ; mutabiq k. ; ek mel k. ; ham-sbak 
2. comply with, mauua; itaat k. 
Conformalile, adj. ek-eau; ek lup; ekda 
yak-raui:a; ek-sftriit; ek-mel; muatiq; mi 
Conformably, adv. muatiq ; mutabiq ; la-i 
barhukm. "[hukm ke ba-: 

conformably to your order, habbul-hukm 
Conformation, u. 1. the ad, tarklb; bauS 
2. structure, dhaucb; dhty; aiiglet; ] 
Conformity,!), mei; muwafaqat; mut^ 
muslialjahat; tatabuq. [ri; 

in coj/fornity with, mutabiq; muwaBc 
Confound, v. a. 1. mingle, milana ; darbai 
ham k, ; ga^'-bar k. ; ghal mel k. ; makl 

2. dismay, hakka-liakka k. ; mutalily 
Bar-gardau k.; pareshau k. ; haiiau k. 

The tiukera were generally vagraitt 
pilferers, and were ofteu oon/oundt 
the gipsies. Maeavlay, PaAJere umQiM 
maSeh aur uthdi-gire the, aur akedr « 
aur kanjarok men farq na thd, 

3. ruin, nan k. ; sattyauas k. ; barbi 
tabali k. [i 

Confounded, adj. nipat ; nira ; pak ; p; 

He is a coiifoundtd liar. Woh nipat jhutd 

Confront, v. a. 1. samuo b. ; saumukh h. 
ba-i-u h. ; niuqabil b. 

Blood hatli bought blood, and blows 

auriwereil blowt^ 
Streugth matched with Btrength, and 

confronted power. Sliak. King John 
Zarb ki evuz zavb lafji, aur khUn he hadU khUii 
Bal ki Lal u kuskti Aui, aur zor zor se an 

2. oppose, samna k ; mutb-bber 

muklialifat k. ; muqabla k. 
Confuse, v. a. 1. render indistinct or ob. 

glial mel k. ; uljbaiia; abtar k. ; du 

l>arhiuu k. 2. cttu^e to lose self -possess! on, 

bjikherna; ghabrana; pareshau k. ; 

kbotia ya bbula deua. 
Confusion, u. 1. disorder, gbal mel; al: 

^admal; kbalt-malt; barhami; Ijc-tai 

uljbera ; paresbaiil. 

i'(*nfni<ion «)f thought, Partshnnvi-dlma 

2. tumult, ban<^^aiua; hullar; atVa « 
bar- ban ; gadar; Uilvii; sboribh; fiitu 

3. distrar/ion, gliabiahat; «^h;il>ri; 1 
ui; bai-;:ardaul; pareshaia; il^luifia-L 

Couf union dwelt ill every face 

And U'ixr in every ht-jut. Mii/ya Miw:\)etl 

Pares/iOul har i nkh pt, har tlil men thir. 

4. rmw, bi<:ar; iifis ; sattyanris; kh.i 
tabahi; abtaii; walMil; ujar, l)arbruli. [i 

Confutation, n. tarJld; butlfui; jhii 




iftite, T. a. jh(i|& k. ; tardid k. ; batil k. ; 
&-jftv&b k. ; ohup kar d.; band k. ; n^t k, ; 
iarln& ; maglflb k. ; &^it k« 

But siuoe no reuou am c»nftJU yt 

ril try to force you to your duty. EudHrai, 

JkUUeh nahih lurrti qdU tomA«n, 

MamfartHkpehgrtd kiik mMl fmkeh, F. C. 
ige, n. 1. farewell, al-wid&; Khudil-hilfic; 

dlihbell; Khudi nigahb&n ; rukhsat. 
Give one hk oow^ee. HukhMot k. ; bidd i. 

2. taff, oaliai; baudagi; M&b; taslbn&t; 

jomish. [munjamid k. 

feal| ▼• a« jamioi; basta k.; blndbni; 

Too much aedtiefe hath congtaled your blood. 

Skahu. Tojning of the Mreic, induct, eo. 2. 

Bakut ranj »e tmmndrfi dil afiurdak ho gayd 

goal, V. n. jamnl; munjamid h.; baodbnE; 

iodh jin& ; basta h. 

gtbttion, D. jamavat; injim&d; bastagl 

gioer. o. ham-jiuB; ekj&t. [mu&fiq. 

ganialy adj. ham-jins; eic-mel; milv&n; ek; 
A eonpenud cliniate. Mndj^ db o havd, 
A eamgenial mind. Afw mu^ kd Sdml. 

{Odtal, adj. [Lat.e m + gerdtus^ B .jamd^ Per. 
5d^ Skr. jon to be born] aath janm!; bam-£&d. 
prieiy n. [Lat. eon -^r gtrere to carry, H. 
rmd to throw] dher ; todab. 
pstad, adj. laha ae bhar&-hui; par-khfto. 
^aftion, n. lahQ-jamao; injim&d-i'kbdn. 
^aHMiate, adj. [Lat c«n-t-j^/o6tt#, H. geld 
globej gola^ 4^er kiy&*hu&. 
patuiate, v. a badh&i d. ; badh&y& d. ; 
lab&rakb&d kahtiH; mubftrki kabo& y& 
anft. [IMi; mub&rki; tahniyat. 

patalation, D. badb&I;badb&w&; mubftrak 
'rtUulation on the birlh of n efuldj badhal. 
r of eongrcUulaUon^ badhEi-patr; tahnijat- 

l^ntmlatorj, adj. badhaiki; mub&rak!. 
ratulaiory tong, badh&I; mub&rak- b&di; 
Adiyinab. [faiUham k. 

^regiate, v. a. ikhatta k. ; jama k. ; ek-j& k. ; 

Cold eOfngregattM all bodies. Coleridge. 

Sardi a;«f w ko ikkatUI kardeUkai 

Heat congr^gaUs homogenial bodies, and se* 
paratea hetrogenial ones. Newtoiu 

ffardrat katn^ns ajtam ho ikhalUl hardetX Aat, 
anr gairjim c^idm ho dlag kar dete kau 

iregate, v. n. [Lat. can -¥ gregare. Skr. 

cdi. Per. graft to collect in flocks] 

ikhatt& b.; jama h. ; miln&. 

Squala with equals often congregate. Denham. 

Atactr barSbar-vdle bardbttr-vdloh ee mUte kain. 

i0keke w€ ithdkd mile, wUU nick h nlfk, 

PdM $e pdnl mile, mile kick u kUk.) 

VBgaftkm, n. 1. collection, ijtim&; majma; 
er; jamaiyat 2. assembly, sabhE; majUs; 
jtm; majma; toli; mandl!. 
roHy n. 1. mulkon ka jalsa y& aabbft. 
2. {of the United Stales) Amerik& ki 

twUBj^ n. [H. gharna to frame, jof join] 
A; maw&tiqat; monaabat; iltizam. [yan. 
^ ad j jog; mo&fiq; munaaib; 8b&- 

Ooniei Cpnical, ad), makhrati; gajar-^ul; 
gio^dum. [makhrati y& gajar-^ul. 

Canio-seetionf^ n. aikhar k&t n&p; tarftah* 
Coiicali tip-rootad, (BioL) g&o^um; gaj-rili 
Coi^jectaral, adj. qaya^ii; khiy&li; anuminl; 

eonjedUfitlffrounds, vajab-qay&sf. [ehtimSL 
Coi^jectaTe, n. qay&s; atkal; andtot; antlm&n; 
a mere con^jecturey atkal-pachchQ; be-{hik&ne bat 
Ooi^jeotare, v. a. atkal k. ; anum&n k. ; and&zi 
k.; qayaak. [join] mi]&u&; jopii. 

Coi^oijiy Y. a. [Lat eon-t-jungere, H. jbrn^ 
I The English army, that divided waa 

Into two parts, is now cof^oined in one. Skak. 

1. Henry, VL ▼. 2. 
Jo do kiae tke femjd-Aitgra he. 
Wok i$ waqt mil jknl le ek ko got. F. C. 

Conjoined, Conjoint, adj. jurirhuft; mill4ii6; 

jury&6; muttafiq; mashmtll&. 
Cco^ointly, ady. milkar; ek-s&th aafig-safig; 

ikhatte ho-kar; lAham mil-kar; bil-ittif%q; 

bil-ishtir&k; aharik ho-kar. 
Con^jngal, adj. [Lat. con -hjusigere, H. atrit ^^og 

joiuj by&b-kk; by&ht&; joni khasam-kl 

zauji; aam-bandbi; jore-k&. 
cm^fugcU affection, jora khasam kl mohajbbat; 

aub&g; miy&n blvi k& piy&r y& ikbl&a. 
Conjugate, y. a. {Oram.) gard&iin&; tasrif k.; 

fel hi gard&n k. 
Conjugate, n. ham-m&nMafz ; ek-arthi ababd* 
Conjugate, adj. in pairs, juprEn; ju^K; jufb; 

zauj; toam. 

Conjugate \e^i. JurdpaUd. 

Conjugation, n. 1. (Orcmi.) gard&n; fel kl gar- 
d&n ; tasrif. 2. (Physiol.) do gharon k& aanjog. 
Conjunction, Q. l.imum,miliio; ijtim&;mel; jof. 
I He wilT unite the white rose and the red ; 

Smile Heaven upon his fair eoniwietum. Skak, 

Biohard, lH. ▼. 4. 
MUdSgd wok seotl aur giddk, 
Kkmld, bk^Jore pe rakmat shitdb t F. C* 

2. (<>/*«lar«) aanjog; lagan; qiilLo* 
Z.(Gram,) harf-i-atf. 
a fartwiate conjunction of planets, subh-aan j og ; 
aubb-lagan ; uchch ke girah ; qii-^n-ua-sidain. 
aftun/brtu7uUeco7<;tfn^t(m,asubh-lagan; a-subh- 

aanjog; qiran-nn-nahasain. 
Conjunctiyeiy, adj. mil-ke ; buham. [oiyam, 
Conjunctiye Xood, n. sdrat-i-shartiya; auan&rth 
Conjuncture, u. \, combination, aanjog; ittif)^. 

2. crisis, nEzuk waqt y& sam&. 
Conjumtion, n. 1. summoning in a solemn man- 
ner, aaugand dena; qasam dil&n&; halaf d. 
We charge you in the name of Qpd, take heed. 
Under this eonjwratum speak, my lord. Skak. 

Henry, V. L 2. 
Khudd hi qasam dete kaih, dekknd/ 
ffaUtfte, hkuddvand, ah bolnd! F. C. 

2. magic spell, jStda; pai^bant; mantr; 
Jbar-phii6k; to^ka; toni. 
Conjure, y. a. adjure, saugand d. ; qaaam dil&na. 
I conjure you by Ood not to mention this bosi- 
ness to any one ! Ttmkeh Kkudd ht ^asam 
yeh bdt kiH se imi hakndJ 


Conjnn, to eoqjnn ap, t. a. jada k. ; maotar | 
k. ; arsQA k. ; sehr k. . 

OvniuTaT, u. 1. j%dQ-gar; madlii; <^i)>i; afsQii- I 
gAr; SJ&U&; Mhr-siE; ^liir; sbubuJA-tiii; 
\ouhit &. 

From the kcoouot the loser bringi 

The ooajarcr kuawa wbo atale th> thinga. Prior. , 

KkontKiHa jo tahtd Kai kaelik Ui, 

Jinjitd hai cAor io ranmdt. F. C. 

2. a tnaa of tagaeitif, d&n&; budh-v&u; ' 

buddhi; gyKiii. 
Coniuite. adj. jufvU; jnrU; ham-zid; sirgnre. i 
ConSKt, V. a. [Lftt mn + neetei-e, Skr. noft to | 

bind] jorua; millu&; lag&us; gUithn&; 

CoimeetioiL, Coimexian, d. 

I. relation bij blood or marriage, nfctii; 
lishti; Bombandh; qar&bat. 

2. uRioj<,j >r; mel; la^,'&o; bandh ; bandish. 

There u ■ tracsible coniieiian betvpen the 
wmU of apecial puta nod the utilities of 
■uch apecial pnru. Htrbert Spencer, Induc- 
tiou- of BioluKj, p. iii. 

BaJan hi rt ikjiiijii ifadaT Koh idM (bfS tni 
ail qadar luka n&Jda kkarek koti\ hai, yitie 
AaroibiC aur vxizan barBb-iT iai,j<iiiJ tijUiiS 
toilA bhircMiogn atitl dir Ra-jari jsigl. 

carnal canneetion, sohbat-dv' ; hambiBtari ; 
aaiig sons; nml^harat; bhog. 

ConaectiTfl, {Gram ) barf-i-rabt ; joran-sbabd. 

CoDaivaiioe, u. anakiiiji; cba-hm-poshl; igm%2. 

CouiUTe, V. a. [H. ion corner, mv bead, iaw- 
akkhi a side glance] anSikilnT d. ; cbashm- 
poshi k. ; iginai k. ; wfln kheiiuhiia. [plieiiia. 

eotinive at. cha^iim-pushi k. : i^miiz k. ; aukh 

Coonohsenr, ii. fSkr. jnd know] wa-jifkar; 
jjftikhaija; parkhi; ubinristndah; uiLbib-i- 
tainii; qaiai-daii ; daqiqaJi-shinaa. 

Connote, v. a. bbar-baclink kabiiii; ek aisa 
imm I'akhiia jismei'i sab diizeii ek sifat ki 

The word " white " denotea all while thiuRs. 
tti aauw, paper, the foam of tli« »en, etc, 
an^l impUea, or. n» it wm terineil hj- the 
aclioolmen eonnotM the attribute if ivbite. 
ama. J. S. ,!/■*«. l,.<f:-{-Kifiiid ta»inm 
lifaid cfti«n hali'il hii. jaitt b-trf. iS'ja;. 
»tHtandarjh-''y ic^ieuh ; (ijt tn/aidi kl 
tha4iial :tikir Laild hai. i/i.juiai I! miil-i- 
q'lddnm-H ue Jriut dhitrd hm. mAne tUtii hiL 

Connabial, adj j tu aur kiiasaiu-ka; niijaii- 
bibi ka; m^mvalliq baabauliar o aaiijah. 

CoiiuiiOial love, JurTi Ichuarn iipril. 

Conquer, v. a. [H. jrr, tbrow.] 

1. oo^n'OMif, 'laliaiia; zcr k. ; g^lib %ti&. 

B; winning Korda to mninei- wilting hearta. 
Ami make iierina-itni 'U the work of fear. .Villon. 
SUaaiM ditoii in w-yJlin lAlriii sibali le Jtorni, 
Turfih K ba-jdl (alAr./ idm !,-ii'i. F. C. 

2. (a co'nitrff) jitnil; falrtb k. ; miiti k. ; 
ta'ikliTrk.; sar k. ; mairldbk. 

Conqueror, n. 1. fatah inand; znfar-yab; niii- 
zaffa-. ii.(/" row/'.) -knsba-,-aitari; -gir, <m 
mulk-gir, one irho t-ics a •o-mlry. 

Conquest, n, fatah; j:i^; jit; iniilk-giri. 

ConBaDKninity, n, Ha^^iii; qurbitt; (jarabat; 


aptiiiyat; birUnri; ya^ngat. 
CfNkwdance, n. apae dil ki gawilu; lUiann; 

Imin; dil; ji. 
Contcientioas, adJ.imiu-dSr: dytnat-dlr ; dba* 

nun-atma; dhaimi; sachctJi; riit. 
OonKUBtiauilj, adv. im&u-darlBe; dhannse; 

dy&tiat-d&ri se; iobafse; haq-ahinbl 80. 
ConsciQutionBiLeu, n. nn&UHian; dfaamAtmt- 

pan; d;»uat-dari; haq-ebiiiiu ; list-bizl 
OonicioKl, adj. chetau; rt^if; wlqif-k&r; 

Conscionilf, adT.jan-kar; waqufse; aj^falwj 

m&lQni kar-ke; didah o danieta. 
ConsoloiUlWSS, □. chetao; gyan; jia-kJirl; 

Tiqfiyat ; ilm; &g&hi; khatrar. 
CouBCriptian, a. jabtan mijat ko eipahl bani- 

na ja faitj men bharti k. 
Conwciate, V. a. pirtiabtha k. ; aankalp k.} 

niyaz k.; mutabarrak thahr&iA; tai^diuk. 
Coasecration, u. rasm jis se koi cbU mut^Mr 

rak tbabrfti Jm; ebtettm; pritiabthl; 

CoBSesutiT*, adj. la^tir ; Bilsila-band ; ail- 

Bilerar; mutaw&tir; mutasalsal. 
ConiecutiTel;, adv. lagatar; ek duare ke bid; 

Hilaile-var; pa£dar paii; al-at-tarttur; al-4l- 

Coiueat, n. maoauti; rasa; rau-mandi; rau- 

zuri; ittifaq; mar^; qubflliyat; gibat; 

aagikar; awiklr. 
frre content, khuslii o razamandt; khushl. 
inlell-fffiit coiurTtt, mzi-unudi-i-aqilaua ; sami^h 

ke .siitb raza mandi. 
l"cit or im/lifd co'it^nt, maiizilri ba-qarine. 
lite peraoii gieiiig the cnsent, sbaklia muzhir-i- 

niaa-maniil. U. G. 
to give one's eonsfnt to, luanzGr k.; raaa-mandi 

zabirk. ; riizi bona. [marzL 

leUliout ont'% conttiil, bila raza-mandi: bagair 
xeitA ours eoiitf/il, THzii-matidi se ; ba-niaDzilti 
Consent, V. II. miitina; man leua; qubul k.; 

nizi h. ; razii-niandi zahir k. 

Mt poverty, but not my will conirnl. 5Aai. 
Md'itS hSi miiiiti >r, rarmih manl hat naAti. 
H giniiera entii'e thee, content thou DOt. Pror. 
Jo piipi Injhc bahkSln, C^ mat niru 

Conseqaence, n. \. ant, natija; basil; pbal; 
uiahftSiil; jnza; sami-ah. 

i. impo'taiic', qadr; etelmr; izzat; man- 
iilat; piidvt; martiiba; rutba. 
in eowei'ieiice of, is oabal) se ; is vajab ja jehat 
se; ialiye; isvaste; ba-bais. 

It ia of no eoiiitqueiKt. Kuchk bat nakik kai. 
{Consequent, adj. phal-daj-ak; muritaj. 
j Consequent, n. natij.t; pbul ; basil. [nilal- 

j Conseqnential, adj. garhln; ghamandi; abbi- 
, a oiiK'/ueidiul person, abbiwani puruah ; mag- 

IConiequeBtly, adv. is karan; liliaza; is vajab 
I se; issaliai^se; is live. [muhafasat 

! Conservancy, Conaerration, n. bacbao ; hifazal; 




eonserrancp laws^ qaiiQn-i-hifz&d-i*8ihhaty& saf&I. 
ConBervatiTe, adj. bachaQ; rakshak; muhafiz. 
CoosaryatiTe, n.8h&iq y& muh&fizintiBftDi o baD' 
dobast-i-hill ; mnkhalif tabdH-i-naam o nasq- 
ihal ; bandlil Ilk pe chalue-w&l&. 
Contet^atoty, n. shkhe k& gbar y& katnra jis 

men |>aiidti sard! se bacbk-ke rakhte hain. 
CoBSOtve, V. a. 1. preserve^ baob& rakhna; ba* 
ch&ni; rakshak.; hiHlzatk.; mahftlz rakh- 
dE. 2. prepare with eugir^ murrabl^ bau&iiH 
jil 4&luil ; p&gn& ; galefna. 
ton$erveJiowers, giilqaud daliia. 
Oouiefre, o. raurabba; gulqaud; p[lk. 
ConaideT) v. a. I, ponder ^ sochni; bich&rD&; 
gaur k. ; khaus k. ; taammul k. 
Consider well, aod oft, why thou comest into this 

world, aad how soou thou must go out of it ! 
Sock man^ ta bAram-bdtd, kdke dyd yd santArd; kain 

2. have regard to, lihdz k. ; pas k« ; khiy&l 
k.; chit meii lftn&; tavajjoh k. 

BleMted is he that contuUreth the poor. 
Nek hai took thakkijo mujlisoh ki kfiaJbar Utd hai, 
8. ettinuxte, giunil; samajhna; bi!ljhu&; 
qajriLs k. 

I consider him a good roan* 

Main uie bhald ddmi samajhtd hUh, 

Otmtiderable, adj. bahut; bishesh; ashad. 

A contiderobU sum of money. BdhiAt rupayd, 

CoMiderably, adv. bahut; iftiltse; bakasrat. 

And Europe still considerably gains, [Roscommon. 
Both by their good examples and their paint. Lord 
Utkatd hai Turap bahut /dgde^ 
Moihaqqat $e wur unki tatmU te, F. C. [chintft. 
Qnuiderate, adj. regardful, qadrd&il; su- 

He is very considerate. Voh har tk bdt kd yd 
har thakhs ke h^l par aehchkd lih&z kartd kai. 

CoMidaratioB, uA, the act, soch ; bich&r ; gaur; 
khau2; taammul. 

ConsitUratimi is the parent of wisdom. Prof* 
Biehdr samajh kd dddd hat. 
2. attention, dhijan ; chit ; man ; khijal ; 
tavajjoh; iltif^t« 3. motive^ manshi; ulyat; 
mur&d; k&ran; garaz. 

He was actuated by the highest considerationt. 
i'nki niyat bnhut hi arhchJa tht 

4. importanee,ida,T mtn ; pfts; qadr| tazlm. 
He was treated with great contidiration. 
Unkd bahut pds kiyd gayd yd ddar hud, 

5. equivalent, bad lit; palta; ajar; jaz&; 
evazyqimat; mol; d&m. 

I would not part with it for any consideration. 

Bk take na Idkh lake uu alag nahlh karUhgd, 

eondderaiion given, palta ; badllL; tavrui ; evaz ; 

maawazah ; mub&daiah. [men &ya. 

had under constderationy dekha gava ; mulahize 

w^ure eonnderatiorif gaur kamif; tajviz k&- 

mil ; pakka bich&r ; baril bich&r. 
Comldexing, Contidering that, p. p. ba-Iihilz 

ilka ki ; is khayal (y& oazar) se ki. 
Oiwillgn, V. a. 1. give, den& ; de-dllln& ; dil&na; 
bakbabua. 2. eommti, intrust, sauApni; sn- 
purd k. : hav&le k. ; tafviz k. 
To consign goods to one. 
Kisi ko mdl bk^nS yd dfUt k. 

We consigned his body to the grave. 
Hamne uski tdsh qabr ko taunp di. 
3* appropriate, tbairaua; mttkhsflH k. ; 
khas k.; takbsis k.; mushakhkhaa k.; mu- 
ntyan k. 
Consignee, n. voh shakhs jis ko mal bheja jftcf 

yi Rupurd kly& jae; maufilz-ilah. 
Consignment, n. I. the act, irsal; supurdagl; 
saunp; haw&lagi ; tafviz. 2. the thing consign- 
ed, saunpa m^I ; 8upurd*kardah mal. 

3. t^ie ioriting, supurd-nama; saunp-patr. 
Consist, V. u. 1. be consistent with, mil»&; mua* 
fiqh.; mutabiqh. 2. suheist,\iont\ rahn&; 
shamil h. ; muslitamil h. 

Health contisis with temperance alone. Pope, 
Tandarusti eteddl hi meh hai 
consist in, hon&. 

Tolerance contitts in auffering all things which 

hurt nobody < 
Jin bdtoh se kisl ko nuuarrat na pahauhche un* 
ko hone dend burdbdri hai. 
consist of, banni; honi; murakkab h.; taiySr 
h. ; shamil h. (kas&fat; jamavat; bastgi. 
Consistence, Consistency, n. density, gfiyhi-pan ; 
Consistency, n. agreement, mel; muwafiqat; 
jaksanyat; ham wart. 

Consistency of conduct. YaksOh chsl yd tariqa. 
Consistent, adj. 1. firm, g^rhft; jami-hui; 
kasif; muDJamid; bastah. 

2. uniform, yakban; eksi; sam&n. 
Show me one that has it in his power 
To aot consistent with himself an hour. Pope. 
Batdo agar koi have bashar, 
Jo ek dam bhl idbit rtAe qaul par, F. C. 

Consistently, ady. eksl; ek ch&l se; ek rit jl 
dhafig se ; ek mu&fiq. 

To command confidence a man must act con- 
sistintly. Etbdr yd sdkh jamdne ke vdste 
ddmi ko chdhiye ki bdt kd pakkd ho. 

Consolation, n. tasalli; dil&sa; tashaffi; dil- 

jamnt; dh!lras. 
Consolatory, adj. dnkh-haran ; tasklfi-bakhsh ; 

dil&s&, tasalli, ya dblras dcne-vii&. 
Console, v. a. tasalli, 41^^ras, tashalH, y& dilft^ia 

d. ; diljoT k; ^usa pochhii&. 
Consolidate, v. a. 1. mnke solid, jsiXxAnsL; sakht 

k. ; munjamid k. ; bllndhij&; basta k. 
2. unite, jof iia ; milana ; ek k. 
Consolidate, v. n. jamna; sakht h. 
Consolidated^ adj. 1. made compact, sakht; 

munjamid. 2. united, juya ya miU-hui; 

majmOa. 3. (Bot.) mota; bhara; dal-dar. 
consolidated salary or allowance, masbabirah 

bil muqtab. 
Consolidation, n. compacting into one mass, 

jamavat ; ba^tagi ; injimad ; ijtimi ; jamana. 
Consols, n. Inglisttin k& parmesd oot. 
Consonance, Consonancy, n. mel; ittiftq; 

Consonant, adj. mn^fiq; anusw&r; matabiq. 
Consonant, n. biujan; harf-i-sahlb. 
Consort, n. jorQ ya khasam ; dbana ya dhani. 
queefi consort, padshah begam. 


Wn» VU —iJodlWWilMMi 




— iliF- 







Ckmiort, t. n. mhg taimi; soMNift k. 

For aU Uukl plettdi^ b to UTiog ohM 
WMtto^-coMorligrfaioiiolMrMiiy; JBjfmimr. 

WokiobiitdmikktmthAtkUlilLmtk, 9.0. 

OtBtpioiioiis, adj. 1. mamfM, ^hir$ aj^; 
khitli; alkniya; aaifh; ftah; pratyaksh; 
iprarii^. S. famoMMf naakhir; aiBiTmr; 
m&rtif; bikkhy&t; aarnEok 
He held a eonupimimi phoa in tha Itanrjr #oriiL 

w •PPw ^avwp^^a%v %ii^^a J ^^aw^^ww ^w^^^v ^^saAvawRpa^v^ v^m^^ 

am t pki u f Ui jpfacg, gtua^Mim ; iiaaar-gUi4-tm; 

ahkra-i-tm jahM sab kl baiar parti hix 
CtaaffoiKraaly, ady. aUnijA; aihir; itUrft; 

i&hiran ; dULh&ve ae. 
(kfikigtniBff tu 1. jstoif tfaiab; goahtL 

2. cammrrmicef ek&; ittiftq. 
m^foge m a wn^pira^, aiaiah k ; l»we maah* 

warah meft aliailk h. ; goahtt k. 
Oniipfrator, n. ribfrii karna-Yllft; tflaiah-ka- 

nindah; gnaht kame-TlItt : n^uflnd. 
Oomipita, ir. n. tpUt, baDdiah bUkdhni; A- 
%\A k. ; guahtf k. 3.i9tfi» xmI k.; ittifftq k. 
tkniftaUa, ru {Cor.) ktni^il; ohanUMEbr; 

aiiAhl-puliA ; ffipat; kotwtl; nltir, 
JUflKi 0o»4toM«, jam&-d&r; dafonhl; 
ipeeial comtaUef chand roa UL ohaQkl-dftri 
io (mtrun ih$ coasUHBU^ baugrit ja tmdaot ae 

ijftda kbaroh k 
Ooniitaiusir} iu 1. JUbMuit^ fbairlo; fik&o; 
dhlraj ; jam&o ; drifbtil; qaytai ; ialahk&m ; 
UtiqUl; s&bit-qadami; sab&t. 

2. JideUty, vrAf^'djkjt [inaibllt; q&im; rtbit 
CanitaAt, adj. Infixed, atbir; acbal; atal ; dri{4i ; 
CoMtant in BdveriAtj. MuttbtdmektMl^adam^ 
The world** soaae of ohaogea, and to be 
Cojutant ia nature, were inooaatancgr. Coiolejf. 
Mai dlam kd naqMhah pur az iMiMt 
Yahdh rahna §abU-^ouiam luU khildf. F. C. 

2. deUrmined, B&bit-qadam; mustaqil; 
q&jam-niizl^ ; dri^h. 

3,faithftU, wafSird&r; namak-bal&L 
A eontUiiU lover. Wafd^r dikiq, 

4. coniinuaus, paS dar pa^; la§^t&r; baril- 
bar; alattav&tar; alal ittis&l. 

CongtarU dropping weara the atone. ProT» 
Roz ke iapke H paUkar hki gkiBJdid kaL Prov. 

Constantly, adv. nit; nit utb-ke; faameaha; 
8ad& ; ithon pahar ; bar-dam ; dam-ba-dam ; 
chbin ohhin ; al-ad-dawam ; mud&m ; bili- 
nigab; la^-t&r; bar&bar; mutaw&tir; pae 
darpa& [dal; naksbatr; nakhat 

ConstellAtion, n. sit&ron kk majma; tftriLrcnan* 
Consternation, q. dha|>k&; ghabi&hat; bairat; 
baibat; kbaiif; sar-gBid&nl; bairkn!; pare- 
sb&ni; iztirab. 

They were filled with coniUmaltUm% 
Unpar haibat chkd gal. 

Constipate, v. a. ar k. ; qabz k. 
Constipated, ady. qabz kijil-hui; maqbils* 
Constipation, n. qaba ; a^. 

The inactivitv of the gall ocoaaiona a eotia^ 

potion of the belly. ArbtUk$u>t» 

Pit ke suit hone we pd men qaht hcUd koL 

OitttlliMii% II. hdomptmmifint; iakfi 

t. (tkipmfwfi) mnwakkal; j^jmiia. 
OiMtiftata, t. a. uj^^rm, vi^lld d. ; kanl 
Tntthaad raaaoa cmutUmU that intal 
gold tkat daAaa daatniotioi. J<^ 

ham mtf/b nakik. 

3. apgmint, kba|& k. ; qt vam k. ; ta 

k.; muqanar k. ; taqarrur L; mimilr 

CaaatitilfttoaiiD. l.ihe act, sikbt; ban5o; bai 

farUb. 2. (of Ae hdy) kb&svat jismi ; d 

Bubbio, S, iai^per of mind^ subb&o ; 

khaslatj nib&d; aabaj; mlAy, tablyat: sa 

Lio/ a Haie) U8i£[-i-qav&ulu4-riymi 

Oanatitoitoial, adij. 1. inheretu tii, j 

paidiiabi ; s&tl ; khilql ; jibilU ; asD. 

A e§mUitiUiondl inflrmity. Janmt rag; kkU^ 
2.l0f8l, j&ya8;mabih;pram&aak; al 

q&nfilDl; bfu^-i-q&nOn^ s&bitab, y& sanis 
o&mUtMii'mid fo^emment^ Hakntnat-i-q&n< 
Conatttnttanal, n. hati kbotf ; obalat-p 

ka8rat;obabal-qadml [ml Lhavl-kl: 
<• take a eottdiiuiional, kasrat k. ; chaba 
Oonitndnt ▼, a. majbtlr k. ; sabardasi 

taAg k. ; aabardaatl karvin& yft rokn 

ae Us rakknft; daUnft. 
Consteraiat, a, dabftos p&-bandl; labar 

aar; joriUjoiA; jabr; rok; quid. 

Hot by §omktaim, but bj ay dioieak I oamo. 

ZahanuoMi §e naUk, wmik t^pm kkatkia dyd 

Oonstriot, ?. a. aameinft ; suke^ nS. 
Consttiction, n* khicb&vat ; suker ; sim^ 
Constringent, adj. sukarne-v&ia ; kh 

yI,\%'j simatne-vaUU 
Construct, v. a.^ banan&; tUn 

imiirat banauil y& tal j&r k. 2» compose^ 
d. ; sajana ; raohnU 3. (a aentence) 
k. ; in6h& k. ; ibftrat ban&ua. 
Construction, n. 1. structure^ banavat; t 

s&kbt; tar^b; bandish. 2. irderprei 

artb ; m&ne ; tasrih ; tafsir ; tashrih \ ta 

3. (o/ a sentence) bau&vat; jor; tt 
bandish ; gathat ; sflq. 

4. arrangemefUf rabt ; mel ; tarlb. 
Constructive, adj. I. formative, banane-Ti 

2. inferentioAf laaimf. 
Construe, v. a. 1. parae^ {Gram) tarki 
anve k. ; pad cbhedan k. 2. interprtt, 
y& artb kabn&; tarjuma k. 
ConstUprate, v. a. zin& k. ; kharab k. ; 
ehania k. ; «ohbat-d&ri k. ; &brtl lena : 
utirni ; bad-kari k. ; bar& kirn k. ; bad- 
Consubstantial, adj. ham- j ins; ham-sat. 
Consul, n. \, chief magistrate, majisttai 

2. represerUativey wakil; safir; elcbi 
Consular, adj. wakil se mutaalliq yk mar 
Consult, V. a. 1. take advice^ salah leni; 
lahat k. ; mashvarab k. ; ra6 len& ; 
pQcbbni; mat&k. 

Let us consult upon to-morrow*8 buaineaa 
Ao, kal ke kdm JH sMk kareh/ 

2.reaardf p&i k.; khij&l k.; lih&a k.; 

eoHtuli a baoHh kit&b se madad leni» 
eomuii an oradt, istikhat-a k. 
emwU one* 9 horoscope or natimty, gir^b gocbar 

dekhnft ; jauam pair dekbnil. 
Gonniltatio]^ D. I. the act, mafikhat; mash- 

warah ; salah ; mashwarat ; mat&. 

2. eouneil, eabhi; aDJuman ; panchajat. 
Oonsimie, v. a. kharoh k. ; sarf k. ; baratna. 
to eonnune one's tme, k&l bit&ni ; yaqt kbarch 

k., gaviofty y& saja k. 
CouBnmar, n. one who consumes, kbarch karue- 

vilft; kbarch-kunindah ; musrif; kbarrach; 

wM; lut&&; lakh-lut; khall lutiii; talaf 

Cananimnate, y. a pQr§ k. ; nibahni ; tam§m 

k. ; atijam tak pahuncbEni ; takmii k. ; inti- 

hi j& itmim ko pahui&cbao&. 
tocansummaie a marriage, dulhan ke sStb sonft; 

dalhan se sobbat-d&rl, bbog, ji tnabasharat 

k.; paHe ptire j&nfl; gaan& k. ; muklSyS k. 

I do bat stay till your marriage be eonmim- 

maie. 8hak. Much ado about nothing, iii, 2. 

Jab tak tmwMrdff^unm ho nunk thaird-kuA kUh- 

Oonsmiixiiate, adj. pQra ; pakka ; pukhta ; k^il; 
ghuta-huE; chbat?l-ha&; |^k} baiii-ka; &la 
yi iutiba darje-kft. 

A eonsumnuUe kna^e. P3k ikohdak yd hadmadsk, 

flbiainninatioa, n. 1. completion, pOrapau ; ant; 
nmapt; itm&m; takmH; &4>^^' akbirat; 
aaj&m; ikbtitim. 

S. end of life, nS» ; ant ; &kkirat. 

Qhost unlaid forbear thee 1 

Nothing ill come near thee I 

Quiet eonsummaUon hare ! [iv, 2. song. 

And renowned be thy graye! Shek* Cymbeline. 

JVs tfre ioi bhIU tere qarib / 

Bmdi makoha tujk ko naOb/ 

Bat ab dkkH yam M drdm hart 

Zamdne men qabr ho terl ndmvat/ F. C. 

WUumwuUion of a marriagef muklav& ; gaun& ; 
Btth&g-r&t; sbab-i-wasl; takht-r&t; shab-i- 
Chmiiimptioo, n. 1.^ act, uth&o; kbarch; 
kbapat ; sarf. 2. the state of being wasted, 
bar^UU ; tabahi ; uj^ ; tabas-nabas ; bosida- 
gi; satty&Qas. 3. Uie disease, cbhaa rog; 
kshaS rog ; diq ; tap-i*diq ; tap-i-kohna. 
Cniaun^tiFe, adj. affected with or inclined to 
consumption, cbbaiS-rogi ; diq-vali ; madqtk]. 
By an exact regimeu a eonmmptive person may 
hold out for years. ArhiUknot. [saktd Aa«« 
ParkeH kkdud kkMne se diq-vdld ddml bartak ji 

Gntact, n. |Lat. tango, H. taiol toiicb] chhat; 

laglo ; milio ; tnel ; ittislll ; mas ; lams. 
to come f» contact, cbbtUi& ; lagnE ; milna ; bbir- 

rA ; takrtnl ; takkar kbaaa ; bbitoSL. 

Omlagioil, n. 1. contact, cbbftt ; lagao ; ittisal. 

2. pestilence, urn! ya lagni bim&ri ; marl ; 

wabft; amris-i-wab&L 

And will lie ateal out of his wholesome bed 
To dare the Tile contagion of the night. 8kak. 

Nikd norm btstar le apne took htb 

Oavdrd karegd had-cnrn^dz-i-nliahf F. C. 

Crontagioiis, adj. 1. touching, lague-jog; lagtk 

The spirit of imitation is contagious, 
RU MT'ke lagH kai. 

2. pesHlsnticd, f&sid; kharSb} muzir; 
zubthi; urni; bad. 

A eontaaious disease. Layni hlmdri, 
Cknitaij^ v.a. [Lat. tenere, H. tan, Skr. t^ bold.] 

1. compreftend, gberna; shamil k.; mubit 
k. ; ab&ta k. 

When that ^s body did contain a spirit 
. A kingdoBV for it waa too small a bound* Skak, 
Badan meti thi rkkjah tak insdn ke 
To tahg thl kul iqlim uske life, F. C. 

2. hold or have capacity, samaua ; am&na ; 
atn&; rakhn&^lena; guujILyash rakbnft. 

What thy stores contain bring forth ! MUUm. 
Hoi jo ka^h terepda vfoh tU Idf 
S. restrain, rokoft ; th&mn& ; b&z rakfanft. 
I oould not contain myself. Main hdz mtkih 
rah tfUcd ; maik apne tain rok na sakd, 
to be contained in, samftn&; atD&; kbapna; 

bbam& ; 9nSl ; S jilua ; amana. 
Contained, adj. masbmtl ; dakbil ; mabmfU ; 

sbamil ; miuidaraj. 
CcMLtaminate, v. a. [Lat, tangere, H. tatolnd 
to touch] *Dft pSk k.j bigarna; bhirasbt k. ; 
jbutaln& ; jbaU k. ; kbar&b k. ; galiz k. y 
a-sndh k. ; bharnS ; ^IZdab k. 

Shall we now eontaminaief our fingers with 

base bribes? 8kak. Julint Casar, ir. S, 
Sjf9 a6 hmm apne kdtho>h ko risKwU se dlUdah 

Contambiatea, adj. n&-p^ ; galiz ; a-sudh ; ka- 

Blf ; bigi&hua; ftlOdab ; khanib. 
Contamination, n. na-paki; jLtlt; aludgl; gili- 

zat ; kasafat ; bbirisbt&i ; a suddhtilT. 
Contemn, v. a. [A. tdna reproach] baqir j&nuSL; 
ibinat k. ; teJiqSr k., nafriQ k. ; kbiffat d. ; 
tacbb j&nn&. 

Tet better thue, and known to be eoMemned 
Than still eontemned and i&attered. Shak. 

King Lear, It. 1. 
Zabdn se banal'n, dilok te utdreh ; 
Hai befUar ki bat log adncf hijdntn. F. C. 

Contemper, y. kam k. ; gbat3n& ; oiotadil k. ; 
etedal d. ; imtizaj denft; islah k. 

The leaves qualify and contemper the heat. Ray, 
Potts garmi ko ghatdke motadil kar dete kaih. 

Contemplate, v. a. sccWa; bichSma; kbiy&l 
k, ; gaur k. ; fikr k. ; tasawwur k. 
So many hours must I take my rest. 
So many hoora must I eonicmplats. 8kmk. 

Henry. VI., pt iii. ii 
Itne gkante to ckdhitje drdm, 
Itne ghanU hai tochne se kdm, F. C. 

Contemplation, n. socb; bicbar; gaur; udher* 
buu ^ ttisawwur ; taaromuL 

Contemplation is keeping the sdea which it 
brought into the mind for some time ac- 
tually in view. Loeke. 

Jo khaydl dil meh dve tuko kuekk der tak pah- 
i-nazar rakhne kd ndm tasauncur hai, 

In contemplation of created things. 

By steps we may ascend to Ood. MUton, 

Oaur karne hi se makhliiqdt ko 

Rafiak R^ftiik pakukchU hoik tdtkn, F. C. 

to have in eantemplation, bich&rnft; dhij&n meu 

h. ; jl inefi h. 
ContemplatiTe, adj. biohftry& ; dhiy&ul ; fik^ 
maud ; tuutafakkir ; mutakhaijal&. 

Fizt ftnd conUnplaUve their looks, [ham. 

Still turning over nature's books. Sir. J, Ven- 
Fikr tdri kai unki iQrcU pe, 
Oaur karte hath warq-i- qvkdrat pe. K. C. 

Hy life hath been rather contcmplcUive than 
active. Bacon. [zyidah ka$L 

Merl umr kdm kAj hi niibat toch Jlkr vith 

the eontemplcUtve faoulti^t quvvat-i-mutokhaijala] 

Coutemporaneous, Coutemporarj, adj. 
hainahd; ham-aar; samk&ll ; muasir; ek 
vaqt, k&l, yi, zam&De-ka. 
Contonpt, u. 1. disdain, hiq&rat ; tahqir ; 
ih&nat ; khiffat ; apmau. 2, vileness, eiflagl ; 
khw&rl ; zillat ; masallat ; kamlii& pau. 

You would have sold your king to slaughter, 
His subjects to oppression and eoutempt. Shak* 
Sir ko thah he turn apne katvAU, 
Jaur tillai ridyd par Idit. F. C. 

2. (In Law) n&farm&nl ; uddl-hukml ; sar- 
kashl; tamarrud; sar-tabL [i-ad&lat. 

eontemft of court, tahqir, eh^uBki^ y& gust&kbl 
ex(o»ed to contempt, hiqarat &yad bul. 
Contexnptiblei adj. p&Ji ; adnft; null; uigofi ; ii&- 

obiz ; khu&r ; zulll ; kbaflf ; subuk ; haqlr, 
CoutemptaouB, adj. biqiratkunindah; jo biq&- 
rat kl uazar se aiiroti ko dokbe. 

Rome, the proudest part of the heathen world 

enterttiintnl the luuat contemptuous opinion 

of the Jews. Atterbury. 

Butparuttoh ke sab se bare magrur hisse Rom^ 

kl YaJiudlyoh hi nishbat bahut hi khardb roi thi, 

Contemptuoualy, adv. hiqarut so ; uuzuri- 

hiqirat se. 
Contend) v. a. [Lat. ieudOf Skr. iind H. tan 
stretchl jhaguriia ; hirna ; niuq^iila k. ; tuu- 
niiqHhak ; takrark.; hahsim; haiiicha»hinik ; 
bittkil k.; barabrik. ; m k. ; diiara baiidhna. 
Content) adj. [I^at. outinere, H. atnd to con- 
tain] razi ; kliUHli ; saiitokhl ; Hautusbt ; saii- 
toshl ; H&bir ; gani ; sur-ohaslini ; luaa-bhara; 

Having food and raiment, let us be thurewith 

content. [nd chdhiye. 

Jab loti kaprd mil gai/d to uspar santokh kar- 

to be content with little, tho^o pe razi o shakir 

h ; qaiiilat k. 
Content, 11. 1. satisfaction, santokh; kh&tir 

janta ; itiiiinaii ; qana^it ; seii ; tiraptl. 

Content ih luippiness. Prov. Santokh hi dnand hni. 

2. acquieso'nce, khushnudi ; razal-iuandi ; 

prasannata ; nianzurl ; an^Ikari. 

Content, v. a. razi k. ; khnsli k. ; tript k. ; ser k. 

Contention, n. I. dispute, takrar; jharpa-jharpl ; 

rSLr ; bad bi had ; rad o badal ; bahas ; taiiazo. 

2. quarrel, jhagra ; danga ; jani ; qazia; 

fasid ; jl»a^q^-raura. 

Contention b(.l«l, with iron lungs, 

And slander with her hundred tongues. ^oore. 

Rakhe hai Ji'iar dhani upnd jahff, 

Jlui gibat liye sau zabdh apne sang, F. c 

Contentious, adj. lar&k&; jbag^ilQ ; bnjjatlj 
takrfti I ; bakhef^iyi ; dangai ; sborah-pusht ; 
jhanjhati ; taute-bftz ; khatpatij& ; jang-JU ; 
fitn&'S&z. [jang-jol ; mun&zaat, 

Oontentioosnegg, n. jhag^iapau ^ takr&r*bazf; 

Contentment, n. See Content, 

Cotitentment is great gain. ProT. 
QandttI hafl datUat hai. Prov. [iVlM. 

Borne place the bliss in aotiou, some in ease, 
Those call it pleasure, and eontentff^ent theMi 
Kahtd hai khushl kdm I'O, drdm ko hoi, 
Ishrai bat&ife usko, qan4at ise h(H. P. C. 

Contents) n. pi. maddk; mazuiQn; matlab; 
miX\ ; ULtparj. 

The oontents of a letter. Chitthi/ed wuumHn, 
A table of contents, l^hrist i'msaAmln, 
contents of a booh, mazanilii-i-kitilb. 
cout^its of a receptacle, asb&b; cblz-baat. 
contents rtoelved, bbar \A\ ^^vusQl hul. [bistir. 
su})frfioial cotUenU, laml)&n ; cbaufau ; raqV4L ; 
Canterminous, adj. sar-hadi ; miU^hu& ; siv&ui^ 

roil&-bu&; muttasil ; paiwasta. 
Contest, V, a. 1. disjiuU, bujjat l&u& ; jirah k. ; 
eteraz k. ; uzr k, ; zid k, ; bah^i k ; jhaga^ni; 
rad o badal k. ; takr&r k, ; dulakhu&. 

2. strive earnestly, jhaga|pu& ; jad o jibad k. ; 

larn&; jang k; 

The troops eontestsd every inoh of groancL 
Sipdhi ehappd chappd tamln pe laft. 

Contest, V. n. 1. contend, jhAgnxiik; la^ni. 

2. vie, ham-sari k, ; ham-chaabml k. ; ton- 

q^bila k. ; saiuiia k. [d&khil k. 

Contest a claim, javah-dihi k. ; javab-dava ; 

content a deriHon, faille ka murafa yii apil k. 

Contest, n. {.dispute, takrar; jhagrft; bakhcr&; 

(^azlya; jhiir[)&-jharpl; muhahisa; khalish- 

innnaqsha. 2. stru^f/le, liam-sarl ; ham-chash; 

ml ; innqabila. [qa*)il i-tardid ; jhngarne-jo«^. 

Contestible, adj. qabil-i hnjjat ; niubahisu-talab- 

Context, n. (iiirlna ; ibilrat; likhal 

Contiguity, Contiguousness, n. [Lat. tango, H. 

iatol touch] jor; ni'jl; wawl; Ittisal; paiwastagl. 

Contiguous, adj. laga; jnrri-hiiil; jnrvau; mul- 

biq ; iiiumai ; muttasil ; lagwan ; bhirwftu. 
Continence, Continency, n. [Lat. eontinere, H. 
atnd to contain.] 

\. rfstraint, (\\i\di', rukao; dabao. 

He knew what to Hay, he knew also when to 
leave off, a continence which i« practined ''V 
few writers. JJrydeti. Wuh jdntd thd ki kyfi 
kahnd chdhiye aur hih khatam karnd chdhiye, 
aisi ehtiydt bahut kaui miuannif karte haih. 

2.ohastitt/, nom ; asinat ; sat; parhez; 

ehtiraz ; taqwa ; ijtinab ; parsai ; shil ; parhez- 

gail; zohd; sanjani. 

Content without lawful venery is continence, 

withotit unlawful in cliaHtity. Grew 

M nffdsharatl jayaz ke bngair refine rcihnd sohd 

hai, aur nd-jdyat ke bafjair iffat. 
Chantity is either almtinenoe or continence; 

abstiutince is that of virgins or widows ; 

contiuence that of married personn. Jeremy. 

Taylor. Iffat yd topdrsdi hai yd pdkddmani; 

pdrsdi kudri aur bevdoh k-i, pdk-ddmani biyd- 

hi yon kl. 

Cmtimmt, a4j. parhez-gar ; jati ; sati; p&»i; 

Ul-asmat ; aflfa ; z&hid ; mohtariz. [khuahki. 
OontULent, (Geog.) barr-i-azam ; maha-dip; 
eontinental tixir, jang-i-Farangistan. 
OoatiAttntlj, adv. parhez se ; parhesg&ri ae ; 

jatl-pane se; p&reai se; nem se. 
Olmtiilgeincy, d. ittifaq ; sanjog ; arzah. 
Ooatiligeilty acy. ittifa'^T; ittifaqiya; sanjog! ; 

irsT; akasm&tl; gair-muaiyau. 
OoAtillgeiity o. [Lat tango, H. tcUoly Umd touch] 

quota (Cor.) kantanjant; hissa; bantil; 

dimiaah!; behri. 

Each prince furnishes hU contingait of men, 

money, and munition*. 
ffar ek ri^ak apne kisie le Udml, rupaydf aur 
mefftln deUi th^ 
eontmgent expenses, masftrifi-arzi; masarif-i- 

gair-muqarrari ; mazktlr&t. 
Continiiali adj. [Lat. tence bold, H. tiknd last] 
tik&u; anantar; onudam; daemi; davami; 
qaj&mi; iMLed&r; jUri. 

He that is of a merry heart hath a CQtUinual 

feast. Prov. xv. 15. 
Jiikd, dU ran utko tada bhfiji, 

OontiiilUlUy, adv. nit ; nit-uth ; hamesha ; sad^ ; 
mudani; athoi&pahar; S,thou.jSm ; har-roz; 
ContiiiiuuLce, n. 1. continuation, thairao ; ha- 
meshagi; sadamat; qayam; qai^r; sabat; 
dawim ; istimr&r. 

2. perseverance, isthirta ; gambhirta ; istiq- 
\k\ I istiqamat ; sabit-qadauii ; qayam -mizSjI. 
Patient continuance in well-duing. Rom. ii, 7. 
Neki Javue meh sabr o utiqfAL, 

S. (Law) tarikh palatn& ya badaln&. 

CmtixiUtioiiy n. la^tar ; tar ; lari ; tawiltur ; 

likila; tasalsu); ijrik 

T^ continuation of a history. QjU$e kd tatatnU. 
The continuation of the species. 
SUtHa-inaui ; jUtl tikr. [nevfilft. 

ContiiiiiAtiTe, n. 1. (Logic) mnsalsal ; j&rirah- 

The statement 'Rome remains to this day in- 
dndes, at least, two propositions, viz. Rome 
was, and Rome is. WatU. 

Is ba^n wtek ki Bom ^takkai kam ai kam do 
qazyt ihimil haih^ yd»i Ronthd, aur Horn hai, 

2. {Oram.) rabita; atf. 

Contittue, v^ n. I, remain, rahn&; thamna; 

thairnt ; jiri rahni ; bahal rahnE ; bar-qarar 

rahni. 2. last, tikca ; thairna ; qHyam rahna ; 

pilMi&r y& der-pa hona ; bah&l yH bar-qarar 

rahii&. [xiii. H. 

Thy kingdom shsU not continue. 1. Samnel, 
TerA rSj naMk rakegd. 

OdotinilOy V. a. 1. protract, extend, jiiri rakhng; 
baffaio^ ; chalt& rakhna ; shura rakhnS. 

O 1 continue thy lof ing kindness unto them. 

Psalms, zzxv, 1, 10. 
Apndfasl un par jdri rakk I 

2. «im<0, jopii; juUna; mil&na; lagana; 
aattoE; waal k. ; sblUnil k. ; lipattia. 

Tha use of the navel is to coniinue the infant 
ttBio the mother, and by the vessels thereof 
to ooBvey its aliments and sustenance. Sir 
T. Browne, Vulgar Erroun, 

Nof se yekfdidah hai ki baehchah apni mA Jft 
pet se lipid rahtd hai aur uskl ragoh ke rdste 
se ust khUrdk pahuhehtl hoL fbandi. 

Contiimity, n. lagao ; tar ; ijra ; sab&t ; silsila- 

The continuity of fibres. JUshoh kd tdr. 
Law of csntinuity. Qiigda sUtHa yd tdr4Mndl. 

Contumous, adj. lag&tar; bai^bar ; j&ri- 
A continuoui line of railroad. 
Jtel H lagdtdr sarak. 

Contort, V. a. [Lat. torta, H. mor tof a twist 

marorna ; aiuthna ; bal deu&. 
Contorted, adj. (Bot,) be-joy. [pech; bal. 

Contortion, n. maror; ainthan; tashannuj; 

The contortion of the muscles of the faoe. Swtft, 
Chehre ke patthoh kd ailUh jdnd. 

Coatonr, n. rt&p; surat; dbanoh; naqsha; 

shiikl ; cbehrah ; haiat ; daul. 
Contra, adj. [Lat. trans beyond, Skr. tri to 

crossover] bi-mukh; bi-rudh; bi-prit; bar- 

khilaf; bar-aks; bil-aks. 
per-contra, mad-imuqabil; ulta. 
Contraband, adj. [Ital. bando, Lat. handum a 

ban, H. bandii bind] baijit; mamnU; khil&f- 

i-qanQn; na-j&yaz; mumtauft; man&hL 
Contraband, Contraband of war, n. m&l, ya 

saudagari mamiiH az qanQn ; tij&rat-i-naj&yaz. 
Contract, v. a. 1. draw tojetl^r, tang k. ; su- 

kerna ; kam k. ; ghatana ; kotib k. 

(Thou) didst contract and purse thy brow. Shak. 
J% ne mdthe men bal ddle aur teori charkdi, 

2. bring on, utbana ; lon& ; h&sil k. ; paida 

L; praptk. 

Each from each contract new strength and 
light. Pope. Ek dAsre u nayd zor aur ilm 
hdtil kartd hai. 

3. make a hargcdn, chukan& ; b&t thaiiftnS ; 
muamla patana ; muamla k. ; beohir k. 

4. affiance, niangnl k. ; sambandh k. ; sagii 
k. ; mausub k. 5. (Gram) hazaf k; tarkhim k. 

contract a marriage, sbadi k. ; nik&h k.; aqd- 

i-nik&h k. 

contract debt, qarz uthana; udhilr lena. 

Cintract, v. n. L tfArtnl;, simatu&; sakarna; 

ainthna; akaniS; jakarna. 

Years contracting to a moment. Wordsworth, 
Boras timat-kar pal ke bardbar ho gag. 

2. bargain, ahd k. ; iqr&r k. ; zimmah k. ; 

bachan b&m&. 

To contract for carrying the mail. 
jpdk le jane kd theld lend. 

Contract, n. [R. kaldo] I, compact, bachan; 

qual o qarar ; qarar madar ; hor. 

2. formal toriting, iqi4i*-n&ma ; likhat; 

paita; ahdc&ma; muahidah; katkhana. 
breae^k of contract, ahd-shikani ; bachau torna. 
give a contract, theka d. ; ijarah den&. 
marriage contract, aqd-namah; aqd-i-niWi; 

tike a contract, theka lena ; ij&rah lenH. 
to close a contract, theka p(kr& ya khatam k. 
written contract, abd-nam& ; likhat ; iqilLr! tahrfr. 

Contracted, adj. shntnken, simti; sukra. 
Contracted brow. Teori charhl-hui. 

C(mtrAetibl6,a(lj. saka^ue ke q^bil ; simatnejog. I 

Th« arterioa ar« elastic tubes, endued with a 
€ontr<ictible force by which they squeeze and 
driTe the blood still forward. Arlntihnoi. 

Mageh ladkdkdir tuUp&h hdih jin mek mkarne 
kl tdqai kai, iH u took kklkn ko bhidUi aur 
&ge KO dhiikeUl haih. 

Contraction, n. [Lat. eonrtraho, H. tang with, 
ian draw.] 1. the act, suke^ ; aii^thau ; samet ; 
jakr&o; iuqib&z. 

2. the atat!, maro^ ; jak^ ; pecb o t&b. 
Oil of Titriol will throw the stomach into in- 
^ohmUryleontractuftii. Arbuthnot, NlUthoike he id 
we wkedah apnt dp ainthne Utgtd hai. \p^i' 

3. jpcum, aka^; kamer&; aifitban; tashau- 

4. (Math,) ikhti8S.r; sankahep. 
b,{Orain.) hazaf; tarkhim; ikhtisHr. 

contraction and expannon, khuln& mundnH; 
luplup&hat ; ritq o fitq. [katkana-dir. 

Contractor, ru theke-d&r; mnt&hid;*mu8tft}ir; 
Contradict, v. a. [Lat. dieo, Skr. vach say.] 

1. deny, bar-khilftf kahnft; bi-mukh yi bi- 

rudh kahnft ; nahli& k. ; bar-aks kahni; jbu- 

t&ln&; alatn&; palatn&; pheruft; rad k.; 

k&tnft; dulakhn&; cbapr&n&. 

Ko truth oan tftmlrcKitce another trMtb. iSToMber. 
Koi eadi dUgrt $aek ko nahlH M eaktd. 

2. oppose^ rokua; atk&D&; baz rakhoft; 
barajn& ; umtA k. ; ditu& ; hataknft. 

Contradiotton, n. 1. denial, inkSur; nahiu; 
nUih. 2, cwUi^ary deetaration, khil&f^bayam ; 
ikhtilfi.f-bay&QT ; biprlt-Viaman. 

3. opvosition, ikhtilaf ; khiM; takh^luf; 
ulat; aks; naqiz; tau&quz. 

Contradictory, adj. bar-khilSLf; ulta; bi-rudh; 
bi-prit; mukhalif; niun^iz; mutanaqiz; 
mutabain ; mauafi ; im muafiq. 
contradictory of each oilier, ziddain ; ek dusre 

kc khilaf ya bi-rudh. 
Contrariety, n. ikhtilaf; mukhalufat ; takhaluf ; 
bhed ; biprit ; tazad ; zidd ; mu^aerat ; na- 
muafiqat. [ki mahin uuchi avaz. 

Contralto, n. (Mus.) aural ka nicha sur ; aurat 
Contrariwise, adv. barkhilaf itike ; baraks iske. 
Contrary, n. [Lat. contra, against, Skr. tri to 
cross over, H. tcfhd crooked] zid; aks; 
biprit ; khil&f; mu^irat; taba^an; tazad. 
No contrarie* bold inoro anti|)athy 
Than I and such a knave. Shak. King Lear, ii. 2. 
Kiti gair ineh hai nakih bagz aitli 
KijaUd mujhe alte kapti $e haigd. F. C. 

twUrariea do not meet, biprit men mel kablu; 


contranj to, barkhilaf ; bar-aks ; ult&. [isko. 

on the contrary, ulte ; bar-khilif iske ; bar-aks 

to the contrary, khilaf; ulte. [kahd thd* 

I told him to the contrary. Main neitke khilaf u$ t^ 

Contrast, v. a. [Lat. sto, Skr. sthd, H. thd stand] 

muqabala k. ; farq ya antar liatlaiia. 

Contrast, n. muqabala; farq; bhed; antar. 
Contrast of colora. Raiigoii k& muqdbula. 

Contrayallation, n. morcba-bandl jomubasirlu 
qile ke ghere moti apne bacha> ke liye 

Contravene, r. n. [Lat. vemo, H. dn^ oom?] 
mukhalif y& bimdh h ; ir h. ; mioKhim b. ; 
h&il b. ; biprft h. 
contravene orders, kbil&f hukm ke amal k. 
Contrayention, n. mukh&lafat; ikhtilftf; bi- 
prit ; muz&hemat ; taarruz. 
ContrilmtB, v. a. dena; hissa yi chonda d.; 
sahUrta k. ; madad k. ; mazmiiu ee imdid k. 
Contribntion, n. 1. payment, chandeikh; behii; 
b&chh ; d&masahi ; hissa-rasad ; cbauth ; obit* 
tha. 2. (to a newspaper, etc.) mazmun; chitthL 
Contributor, d. sah&yak; sab&I; madadj^r; 

mu&vin ; mumidd ; hissa d^^nevftia. 
Contrite, adj. [Lat. terere to rub, H. roffar rub] 
pacbht&Q ; pashem&u ; mutaassif ; magmtlm. 
▲ broken and a contrite heart, O Gtod, th«a 

wilt Dot dispise ! Pdalms, li. 17. 
Paehemdn aur thUcastahdil ee 6&, ai KkwU, 
mahh mat pher ! 

Oontrition, n. paohhUlw& ; pashom&nl ; taflKot 
Contrivance, n. up&((; jugat; jataa; tadbir; 

hikmat ; b&udhuQ ; jof-to^ ; katkfaame ; £mi; 

hikmat. Qugat k. 

Contrive, v. a. upad k.; tadbSr k. ; jatau k.; 

To CQidrvoe » schenie. TuiXiAr niiedlHA, 

He contrfVei to escape. Wohjvgat se hhdggagd. 

Contriver, n. ap&l^ ya tadi)Sr karnev&lft ; mGjid; 

fitratl; hikmati; mansObe-b&z; katkbane- 

b&z; bandishi. 
Control, n. 1. restraint, rok; atk&o; bandbej; 

band; qaid; zabt. 2. ;oit«r, shaktS; q&bfl; 

ikhtiy&r ; hukm ; a^gya ; talit ; adhkfir ; dabio. 
general control, hukumat-i-ain. 
under control, dabao ya atkao mefi; qfaid ^ 

taht men ; zer-hukm, hirJUat ya uasar-bandl 

moil ; adhkar men. 

Control, v. a. rokua; bas k. ; atkana; dabana; 

barajna. [mdnO. 

To control one's passions. Indrioh ko roknd yd 
I feel my Tirtue strugghng iu my soul 
But stronger paasion dooHits power control, Drydin. 
Neki karne ko dil ubharUi hai, 
Naft usko bhi pott kartd huL F. (X 

Controllable, adj. dabanc, ya rokne-jog ; jo zer 
ho Bake ; manne-jog. 

PasHion is not always eontroUahle by reason. 
South. Sadd aql te josh dubtd nakik. 

Controller, Comptroller, n. nigah ban ; muhifiz; 

aazir; daroga; amin. 
controller of accounts, mir-bisab ; mustaufi. 
Controversial, adj. takrirl; hibadi. 
Controveriy, n. bahs tahiiri; jaw&b-sawal; 

mabrihiKa ; munazera ; qazia ; niza. 
ControTert, v. a. bahasna; hujjat lana yak; 

takiark.; bibad k.; kalamk. ; jarah k.; 

Contumacious, adj. gustakh; be-adab; mnt- 

marrid ; na farmau ; sar kash ; gardan-kaah; 

shorah-pusht ; dhith; ziddl; hatti; hatila. 
contnmactous refusal to pay, shararat ke sSth 

nadebandagi ; rupaya na dene ke vastfl 

jhagafua; ada karne men dhitai ke sath 

iukar k. 




Ontmiiacioasnessy Contomaoy, n. gucrtakhi; 

l>^«dabi ; tamarrad ; aar^caahl ; ganuin-kashi; 

■horah-pushti ; n&-fann&ni ; dhiUi ; zid ; hat. 
Contnmelioas, adj. hiq^ratl ; gust&kh. 
CMitaielioiumess, Contmnely, n. [A. tSn re- 

proaeh] hiq&rat ; gust&kh! ; shokht. 

The oppreiBoi<8 wrong, the proud man's con- 

tumOy. Shcdk. Hamlefc, iii, 
1. ZdUm hA ttUm our ma^rUr kd tanaffiw, 
OoAtoaioiL, n. chot; zakhm; bhitari mJLr. 
OoiiTaleseenee n. [Lat. vaUre to be strong, H. 

taH ttroQg] sebat;Bofta; iriUn bad blznirS ; 

OoATaleBoeiLt, n. sehat p&neyal& bad bimari 

ke ; 8haru-i-Behat k! h&Iat ; Sg&z-i-sehat. 
ConTOie, y. n. [Lat verur, H. and to come] 

ikbattSl h. ; jama h. ; ek-j% h. ; batte bona ; 

iiKUam h. 
Co&Yene, v. a. 1. assemble, ikhattSl k. ; jam!l k. ; 

6k-j& k. ; jorn& ; batl& k. ; sabhk k. ; far&faam 

k. ; majlis k. 2. summon^ bul& bbejaSL; ta!ab k. 
OmrreaiflSiey, ConTenienca, n.ea8e, &iilm ; sukh; 

ia&iah; iatld^; fad^at. 
M mt^s cmwenUneej fursat y& far&gat men ; dhire 

dhire ; haale haule ; magan magan ; ahista 

ihiata; khushi-khushi ; sabaj sahaj. 
OoODiTeiiliellt, adj. aram-ka; suklu; jog; khQb; 

ah&ista; maqtll. 
(hKfmii8n.tl7, adv. aram se ; sukh se ; chain se ; 

isao! se ; ba-&s&ni ; ba-sabQliyat ; be-diqqat. 
C(ni¥«iit, n. nunnery, ku&rioA k& math ; bakirah 

aurton k! khanqUh. [namaz ke liye. 

ConfeAiicIey d. Is&ion ka majma j% jamaat 
CbnvilitioA, n. I. an OMemily^ sabha; majlis; 

jam&at ; majmi ; maAdll ; toll ; iatka. 

2. eontraet, qaul o qarHr ; and o palman ; 

midliidah; ahd-nam&; bachan. 
OntfUitiaAal, aJj. ra^nnl; rivaji; qarilr-yaftah ; 

moraTTi^ah ; rozmarrah ka. 
wwmtional rtUet, rasm-rlt ; adab^ftidah. 
<3rat0ige» T. D. \ljBLt vertOy H. j-alat turn] 

jhuki^ ek-lMch k! or ; m^yal ba-markaz honi. 
OoaTergence, n. kai sidhi tarf se ek bich men 

&-ke miln& ; mail&n ba-markazi-wEhid. 

Tlie eonvergeticc or diyerKence of the rays fall- 
ing upon the pupil. Berkelif. [intishSr. 
Kimeh jo jnUll par partM haik unkS. fnaildn o 

Onnrergeiit, GaiiTBrging, adj. jhukna aur mil- 

D& ek-bich mei^ ; mayal ba-markaz. f milen. 
Oosforging rays, (Opt,) kimen jo ek bSoh men 
OfiTergfiig series, (Math.) gbatt! y& barhti 

larl y& silsila. 
OsnTenable, ConTerdUe, adj. miKns&r; mi- 

B8tfl; Ut chit y& bol otAl ke l&yaq; mSue 

y& fa&t karne-jog ; qabil-ignftgO. 
Cntemnt, adj. ft«hn&; nr&qif; ag&h; mILhir; 

jia4lr; shinilsi; w&qif-k&r. 
Vomenant with « subject. 
Waq;^kutUm, bdt, y& mudmale se. 

€omver9tmi mih the worlds jahau-dlda; dnny& 
Mche-hitfl; oarm o garm zamanah dekhe 
knS; diiiiy& ki finch nioh se v&qif. 

Conyersatioa, n. bat^cbtt; bol-clull; bol&cbslf; 
bUten ; gaftogtl ; jaw&b^awil ; zikr mazkar ; 
mukftlama ; q&l-maq^l ; kalma^kalam ; idhar 
udhar kl l^ten; gap shap. 

Though eonvertation in its better part^ 
May be esteemed a gift, and not an art, 
Tet much depends, as in the tiller's tofl. 
On oaltare, aiid the sowing of the soil. Cowper, 
AgarehcUi takallwn o ihirik zckBdn, 

Khudd-ddd hai tdby wihi& €k hxmar, 
KrnnUUd kai par dhartijmUe kudik, 

I$l tarah tdUm kd hai asar. F. C. 

Conyersational, adj. bol chal-ka; guftgQ ke 

ConversatioiialiBt, n. kbush-kalam ; khosh taq- 

rir; khush-gap; khush-bay&u. 
Conyeraazioney n. limi gufto-gti ; bidj&ki baten. 
OoiLTerse, v. n. b&t k. ; bat-chit k. ; gufb-o-gti k. ; 

bih&-sunl k. ; baham boln§; hamrkal&m L ; 

ham sukhan h. ; charcha k. 
Conyerse, n. [Lat. vertere, H. phimd to turn.] 

1. intercotirBe, j&uab-k&rl; waq6yat ; diiaaa- 
sai; w^fIyat; s&hab^sal&mat ; rtl-shin&sL 

Tis but to hold [vtores unrolled. Byron, 

Converse with Nature's charms, iind view her 
Yeh qudrat ki khuhi ko Kai dekhnd, 
Khazdne khule utke tab pekhnd, T. C 

2. b&t chit; guftaga (eonverBotion). 

3. (Lo^c) birudh; zidd; qalb; tilat. 

4. (Math.) aks ; ulat. 
Conversely adv. bar-khil&f; baraks; ultE. 
ConTersioiL, n, h theaot, palat; tabdil; taba- 

dol; taqlib; i8tih&l&. 

The eonvertion of water into ice. Sawn. 

Pdnl kd harf ban jdnd, 
2. a change from one side, party, or form 
of religion to another, dharm-palat ; tabdU-i- 
din yS. mazhab. S. {from a had to a good Itfe) 
isl&h-i-atvar ; bora ch&l chalan chho^-ke 
bhaJmansai pakarn& ; sudhlir; sanvar. 

4. (Logic) qalb; ulat; palat. 5. (MiL) tab- 
dil4-rukh; 8amu& badaln&; samna-palat. 
Conversion of equations, (Alg.) tabdil mas&vat- 

i-kasar y& piire adad men. 
Converti v. a 1. alter, palatna ; dig&n& ; badal- 
n& ; badal d^lua ; mkhiy at badalni ; rQp y& 
ehakal badaln& ; munqalib k. 

2. appropriccUj apn^n& ; mushakhkhas k. ; 
khas k. ; alag k. ; nik&lu& ; muntaqil k. 

He converted the prizes to his own use. 
Woh indm kd rupayd tqme kdm meh U dyd, 

3. tarn from one religion to another, apn& 
mazhab yk dharam -ohhor-ke dtlsr& ikhtv&r 
k. ; mat ya dharam palatn& ; im&n yi mazhab 
tabdil k ; !8&T k. 

No attempt was made to convert the Moslems. 
frmcoU, Mutulmdnok ko iedi kame $Mh 
kuchh hMtk nahih H. 

4. turn from a bad life to agood one^ bhal& 
(admi) baimn&; audh&rn&; sanvama. 

convert to one's ownfaith^ chela k. ; apn! millat 
me& k. ; morid k. ; apne din men l&n&. 

Convert, n. nau-murid; nau-muslim; nayi- 
ohel&; nayil is&i; (Cor.) krishtaa. 




Coppice, u. copAT, jUari; jangal; banl. 
Copula, 11. 1. (Logic) Ism aur fel k& jof ; sangjii 
aur kir^a sambandhl shabd ; hart-i-rabt. 
2. (AnaL) haddiyoiQi ka band ; hftrband. 
Copulate, V. a milaiiE ; jorn& ; lag&ii&. 
Copulate, V. n. juroft; lagD&; maithun k. ; 
chodn&; mujatneat k.: )im& k. ; mabaaharat 
k. ; daula ya khel banau& ; bolnH. 
Copulation, n. coition, jurant; jufti; cbodan; 
sohbat-d&ri; mab&sharat; jima; maithuu; 
bbog; parsang; daula; khel. 
Copulative, CopidatiTe conjunction, u. (Gram.) 

atf; samuchobae; 8ambaiidh-«hfkbd. 
Copy, n. U tranacrift, naqi; utaril; pratirUp; 
manqfi]. 2. exemplar, katkhaoa; naqaha; 
namQua; kaindE; daul; miaal. 

Let bim firat learn to write after » copy. Drfden. 
Pahle use namline he mudjtq likhnd ^kne do. 
3. dji original, work, asl ; mmiTadah. 
The eopjf is at the press. Drydei^, 

AU moMvacUA mtUbe men koL 
eapjf texls, katkbaiia ; t&lim ; sar-mashq. 
the first or foul eoj'jf of any thing, masvadab; 

(fH^.) masaud^. 
Copy, V. a. I, transcribe, utim&; naql k; 
uaql-naTl;ii k. 2. imiUite, ris k. ; naql k. \ utar 
na ; hiaki k. ; hirs k. 
attested copy, naql-i-musaddaqa ; Baohchal utar. 
Copy-bold, n. patt&. 

Copy-holder, n.patte-d&r; thok-dir; babridar. 
copying press, likhne ya naql ut&rne k! kal. 
Copyiat, n. katib; likhera; likhvalya} 'likhne- 

vala; iiaql-navfs; tnubHirir. 
Copy-right, n. haqi-tasnif ; baq-i-musannifi. 
Coquet, Y. n. naz o nakhra k. ; chochia k. ; prit 

jaUlna ; jhilhoii deu& ; dam ya butta dena. 
Coquetry, n. naz o nakhra ; nakhre-bazi ; choch- 
le-bazi; ihanoli; ashwa-garl; karifihma-i&zL 
Little affectations of coquetry. 
Kuchh ek ndz o nakhre kl bandvat. 


Coquette, n. nakhre-baz ; chochle-baz ; jhanoll- 

baz; ashvagar; chhalya; thagya; karish- 

nia-saz. [albeli; batika. 

Coquettish, adj. nakhre-baz; chochlo-b&z; 

Their hair falU in long plaits down their backs, and 

a veil or bandkercbief, twisted round in a 

coquettish manner, serveH them for a becoming 

head-dress. Swinburne^ TrnveU vi Spain. Bdloh 

H Iambi lamli kd/cuUh unki kamroh parpari-hui 

Jiaihj aur naqaJ) yd runidl, bdhkpan ke $dth 

murd'hud unke sir ke kapre kd kdm detd hai. 

Coral, n. miiuga; marj'in; hajr-ul-bahr. 

a child s coral, chusni; gulli; chhaguul; chat- 

Tva; billa; baula. 
Corban, n. i . an cUms basket, bhik kl tokri ya 

kasa ; tonba ; kaisa. 2. a/z offering, dan ; 

khair&t ; pun ; charhawa. 
Cord, n. [H. kasnd to tighten] dor; dori; 

ra38l ; tant ; kasua ; tanab. 

Cord, V. a. rassi se bandbna ; kasn& ; jakarna. 

To cord a trunk. Strndilq ko rassi se bdhdhnd. 
Cordage, n. bandhan ; jahaz pal ki rassL 
Cordial, adj. [Lat. cordis, H. hirdd heart.] 

I. hearty, dill; jiari; qalbi ; pir&n: 

2. invigorating, muqavvi ; quvrat-b 

mufarrah ; qavl ; taqat-var ; pusbt^ 

Cordial, n. javarish; puebti; yac^utl; 

bakhsh cbiz ; muqavvfyilt. 
Whatever increaseth the natural oraniHial * 
the force of moving the €tuds and mn 
tktordiaL Arbutknot. Jo ekii ki asU fd 
tdqat ko, aur pattke aw rwfiq chAvm mei 
dene he tor ko barhSve took fdqUtl kakldti 

Cordiality, n. garm-joshi ; josh-i-dili ; tt 
Cordially, adv. dil bo ; hiye se ; garam- jo 
ba-dil jan ; sir &nkbon se ; ba sar o 
Cordon, n. gbera ; balqa ; chakkar. 
Cord-wain, u. nari ; kam&ya-hua ehan 
Cord-wainer, n. cbam&r; jutf banan< 
mochL [dil 

Core, n. 1. innermost part, gQd&; giri; 
Give me that man 

That is not passion's slave, and I wi 
him. [Skdk, ffai 

In my heart's core ; ay, in my heart c 
Jo bandah naho nafs kd, of my^, 
BcJchUh dil meh asko band hirz-i-jdn. 

i. {of a sore) kH ; zakhm, yE ph< 
andar k& maviJ. 
Co-respondent, n. ham-muddaaleh. 
Coriander, n dbeuiy& ; kishnSz ; kotbmi 
Cork, n. [Lat. cortejr. Fin. kuori. Lap. 
bark, corium, H. kkOl skin, Lap. *ari 
hard hard] \. bark, aghai*; kftg ; 1 
chhal. 2. stopper, dat ; kak ; kag ; gw 
Cork, V. a. dat, datta y&kag lagaua; daJ 
Cormorant, u. 1. mahi-kbor ; iuahl-<;ir. 
2. a glutton, khau ; peta ; bisyar- 
Com, n. [Skr. and H. ann, Per. galla 

1. a single seed, datia ; tukhm. 

2. grain, ann ; ana] ; naj; dhan ; g: 

Corn in good years is hay ; in ill year 

is com. Pix>v. 
BkaU same meh najghds, hure same mt 

cornfield, khet; jyonar ; inaara; kisbt-2 
beard of coiii, bhutte ka balu ; balu. 
busidles of unthreshcl co7'n, lank ; gara ; 
full year of com, pakka-naj ; pakk^-bal. 
granary of com, khatta; khatti; kotha; 
quantities of grain, daua ; galla. 
store of corn, khirman ; khalyan ; naj ka 
to tread out cym, raundna ; pair chalaua 

chalan& ; gahna. 
to weed and clear corn, naj barsana ; bo 

galla saf k. ; chhantna ; uaUna aur sa 

Corn, n. (on tite toes) dil ; gatta ; gM\rt 

Gentlemen, welcotue ! Wlies that have tli 

Unplagued by corns, will have a boi 


Sdhibo, tashriflao! auraten, 

I/aih nahih chhdh\jinhoh ke pair meh, 

Ndohne ko dp sang maujud hain. 

Com, V. a. 1 . sprinkle with salt, namak 
rakna ya lagaua ; non buraktia; burb 
non dalna. 2. granulate, dana ya ra 
nana.* [pharyE ; ui 

Cam-chandler, n. banya; galla-faroBh ; \ 




Ooxntti n. Istkh k& dhel&. [pbuUa. 

fnJecUng or conical cornea toith opaetty^ tent ; 
Oofiielianf n. aqiq; &gin-patthar; jigarL [sakht 
OozmeoiiB, adj. Mfig jaisft ; 6mg kl mauiiid ; 
Comer, n. [Skr. ibilr, H. koH&, Per. go9ha\ 
1. ofi^^, kOQ&; khQnt; gosha; ^viya. 
H« Munsfaed every corner. ^Tf nekona kond ^UhdHyd, 
It is better to dwell io a eorner of a housetop 
thaa with a brawliog woman and a Wide house. 
ProYerlis, xxv. 24. 
]farMk mabdn meh yhoffriUiaurat lee $dih rahne h 
fkar ke kone kachole men par raknd ackehhd hcU, 

S. i^icret or retired platXf koiii j gosha ; 
okint ; khilvat. 
Thia thing was not done in a comer. Acts, zzr. 26. 
Tek kSmhickh ehhwpake tkord hi kiy& %h(L 

torver of ^ eye^ &nkh kakoyi; gosha-i-chashixL 
t9mer of one* e naily nakbtln ki kor; kor. 
Comttt-Stone, n. baho^e ki pattbar. [qami; nae. 
ODtA0t| tL [Lat. coi-nu^ Ar. ^a;tid] turai; sankb; 
Ooniee, n. [Lat. corniXy H. kangnl, kagar\ 

kangn! ; 8ink& ; kagar. 
QnA-weovil, n. sulsuli ; ghun ; dbot-i; kbapra. 
tealf OoTOllAy n. phul ki audaruni patti; 

phal ]& ka^ora. 
Corolllffy, n. 1. inference^ natija ; basiL 

%, (Oe^m,) nikli-hui bat ; naf ija sarlb. 
OnWAy n. 1. {Arch,) kaaas; kagur; chhajli; 

kl^uL 2. (Bot) phol ka taj. 
Ononal, n. sfaihi tkj-jaisa ; mukat-si. 
ChnottAtion, n. rSj-tilak ; tik& ; rajubhisbek ; 

tttosnad-oashlDl; jultls; takht-nasbit)!. 
Ooraior, Q. Inglistau men ek abl-k&r jiak& k&m 

maat k& sabab darjraft karnfll haL 
Ooronet, n, [Lat. corona, Per. kulatt] 

1. crown worn by noblemen, amTro& k& 
ti) ; kulah; mukat ; jigah. 

2. {Far.) ghore ke sum kH Clparkft hiesa. 
Ottporal, adj. 1. hefonging or relating to the body, 

badani; mutaalliq-i-jism ; jismanl; deh- 


2. corporealf jism&D! ; mftddl ; jauhail. 
corporal punishment, saz&e-badani ; deh-dafid. 
Oorporal, n. [Lat caput, Ital. ec^, H. kapdl 

ksad] angrezi sipUb k& adn& ohdeh-dftr; faiij 

ki nftjak ; {Gor.) khaprail. [captain. Prov. 
One law for the corporal, and another for the 
SipAhi he liyt amr q^nun, kU^fU ke liyt aur I 

ODTpoiBto, adj jamiat-i-sanad-jilftab. 

In their torfffraU capacity, Ai^Aatttya<-t-;;am<fa<. 

QnrpomliDll, vl jam&at-i-sanad-jaftah ; jamaat 

jo ^uilLntm misl shakhs-i-Tahid bo ; jamaat- 

. i'oaotd^yaftah. [khioah. 

GKpiy n. hody of troops, paltau ; ri8&l& ; top- 

, Oono, n. loth \ Iftsb ; mirtak ; maiyat. 

8et down the eont^ or, by Saint Paul, 

rU make a corse of him that disobeys. Shak, 

Bitkatrd. IIL 1-2. 
JJikairo UA, wamah AM k\ qattnn / 
Na m&mejo tuH karek Idtk ham. F. C. 

>y murdB-sfaQ; mtirdah nahl&ne* 
Oor^leney, n. mutapa; &rbibL 

Corpulent, adj. moU; farbab ; jasfm; dumbE; 
tnAdal; aathal; dbam-dhttitar; dum sum; 
murmuroia k& thaili. 
Corpuscle, u. tarra ; parcba ; kan ; rez& ; ju2 ; 

tQk; tukr&; lakbt; parah. 
Corpuscular, adj. kan-d&r. 
Corradiation, n. ek nuqteh par shuaoA ka mel« 
Correct, v. a. 1. make right, sudh k. ; sahib k.; 
thik k.; isl&h d.; durust k.; banaua; aan- 
wima; sndh&rni. 

To correct the acidity of the stomach by 

alkaline preparations. 
Sajjl mUi hul chiton te mede ki tunJU ho thikh, 
2. chastise, tarao k.; thik k., y& baDana; 
sidba k.; kau aintbna ; goshm^^ k. ; dantna; 
sasad.; tambib k.; tidlb k.; sudh&rua. 
After he has once been corrected for a lie, yon 
must be sure never nfter to jiardon it in him. 
Locke, JSk martabe jttb jhM bolnepar satd pd- 
ehukd to phir y&d rakkho 'utk& jhui mMf nd^ 
hwnUk chdhiye, 

i, obviate, hatana; alagk. 
Correction, n. 1. amendment, sodban; Ba&var; 
sudhar; isllth; tasbtb ; dunisti. 

2. Chastisement, kUti-aiiithan ; gosh-m&li ; 
tambih; tadib;8azK; dand; siy&sat. 

3. emendation, itslRh ; sohat ; tashih; durusti. 

4. abatement of noxious quality, bure 
subhao ka ghatao ; isl&h. 

house of correction, dand-s&l& ; kh^nah-i-siy&sat. 
Correotioni, {Aet.) sadhl; ^odhan. 
Corrective, adj. sahib kame-i^la; musleb; 

tbik kame-i^l&. 
Correctly, adv. sabih; tbik; durusti se; 

durust; ba-khdbi. 
Correctness, n. sebat ; durusti ; liisti ; sadaqat. 
Correlation, n. babami taalluq ya rishtuh; 

paraspar sambandb. 
Correlative, adj. b&bami rishta y& muqftbil 

ki nisbat rakhne-v&la ; lazim-malzHm ; ham- 

nisbat ; paraspar-sainbaudhi ; mutanalsib. 
Man and woman, father and son, master and 
servant are correlative terms. Mard aurat, 
bdp betd, naukar o dqd mutaldtim asmd haih, 

correlative duties, farayaz-i-lazitn malztUn. 
Correlative, n. (Gram.) roaqabaL 
Correspond, v. u. 1. suit, milna ; jurna ; jor 
h. ; javab h.; barilbar h. ; eksan hou&; 
thik b.; baithni; lftgD&. 

2. communicate, kbat o kit&bat k. ya 
rakhna ; chhitthi patri bhugtana ; murislat k. 
We correspond with one another. 
Ham ek dusre se khai o kltdbat rakhte ha&k. 

Correspondence, n. 1. adaptation, roel; milap; 

lagao; muafiqat; mutabiqat; muuasbat; 

tatabuq. 2« letters, ohittbi patri; chitthi 

chapati ; kbat o kiUbat ; muraslat. 
Correspondent, adj. miltft ; mu&fiq ; mutabiq ; 

mushibab; munasib ; eksan; sam&n; thik. 
Correspondent, n. 1. writer, rftqim; chitthi 

likbne-v&l&; lekhak; navisindab; khabar- 

navis; khabar-ras&n ; mukhbir. 

Our own correspondent, Biukhbiri-khds, 




2. agents irtij&; byojArL 
Correipaiiding, p. a. 1 . suiting^ milti ; muti- 
biq ; muafiq ; rntiqabil. 

2. carrying on intet-eaune leUers, chittbl 

patri-ka; khat o kitabat-ka. 

Corretponding member of a societj. 
JaUe te khat o kitdbat rakhnt-v6lA. 
Corridor, n. parkarania; gulam-^ardish. 
Gorrigendnm, n. sehat-iinmah ; sbudh-patr. 
Corroborate, v. a. mazbot k. ; taqviat d.; 
parman k. ; tasdlq k. ; sahHeUk k. ; pakka k. ; 
ptikhti k. ; uetawar k. ; iBtehk&m d. 
Corroboration, n. mazbQti; taqviat; pusfati; 
ustuwari; istebkam; taadiq ; sah&e'ta ; taid; 
tiid-i-kaUm. [h&ml; hiro&jatL 

Corroboratiye, n. pushtl-b&n; :iah&yak; sah&i; 
Corrode, v. a. [Lat. canodere, H. Jc&inA^ katar- 
fid to cut.] 1. eat away by degrees, kh& leni; 
kbajani; katua; katarna; galan%. 

Aqua fortis corroding copper, which is it that 
ffivet the colour to verdigreaM to a green- 
blue solution. Bftffle, 
Jab tdnbe par gandak kd tezdb lagtd hoi, to 
tdhbe ko ta^^Ugbk kar detd hai. 
2. impadr, kara k. ; ghataua ; big&rD& ; 
kam-zor k. ; zaif k. ; n&-tawiii k. ; nas k. 
Should jealousy its venom once diffuse, 
Corroding every thought, and blasting all 

LoTe's paradise. Thomson. 
Hatad hS 2akar dil men gar jUve mm, 
Khaydldt o ulfat ko kar de bhatam, F. C. 

Corrosion, Corroiiyeneu, n. kat; katao; 

kharash ; hiddat. [at all. 

Saltpetre betrays upon the tongue no corrosion 

Shora zabdn par bilkul kdt naJilh kartd. 

Corrosive, aHj. 1 . eating away^ kat karne-vala ; 

khau ; gililQ ; hadda ; moharriq 

2. frtUing, or vexing^ khan ; jalane-vala ; 
dukh dciicvala; ranj pahuuch&ue-vala. 
Corronlre care. KhdH chintd. 
eorronvc sublimate, para. 

Corrugate, v. a. sukerna; kheiichna; jingu- 
rana; jhurriana; jhurri dalua; chustah ya 

churas dalna. 

Comtf/atcil iron. Ndlldar lohd. 
To ron-uf/atf the forehtfa^l. 
Afothe men hid ddlnd ; tevrl charhdnd. 
Corrupt, V. a. 1. putrefy, garaua; ubf^na; 
j ^alalia; gandah k. 2. vitiate, biglrna; 
kharai) k. ; nikamma k. ; na-kara k. ; nas k. 
Kvil communications corifApt good manners. 
1 C<»r. XV. 33. [A at. 

Burl saiif/at se admi kd chdl ckalan hiyar jdld 
Corrupt, adj. 1. depraved, bura; khota ; 
kharab; fasid ; fasiq ; fajir. 

At what ease might corrupt minds procure 
knaven aw corrupt, to swear against you. Skak. 
Jamfi kU nahnlat ne kar sakte haih 
Bure, hadnuMsh apne hamjint ko, 
Ulhdne Lo qurdn tere khilaf. F. C. 

2. giveri to take bribes, rishvat-khuar ; 
rishvat-khor ; ghils pachchar lene-vala; 
raahl; ghau-^hap; korbl. 
Corrupted, adj bigra; khota; bura; kharab. 
Bnt stay, I nmell a man of middle earth ; 
With trial fire touch mc his finger-end ; 
If he be chaste the flame will back deRcend, 

And turn him to no pain, but if he start 

It is the flesh of a corntpted heart 8haL 

Merry Wires of Wtndtor. 
Tlumo, mufk ko 0ti hai intdA if bo; 
Woh nhgli se apnl ehhwe dg ko. 
Gar hai pdk woh, sholah haijdggdf 
Nahfk usko nseb pakunckdigd ; 
Wale us sejhijke pd kiehke kabhi. 
To jdno ki hai woh kkardb ddmi. P. C. 

Cormptore, n. biga^Q; khar&b kaiHe-T&U; 
mufttid; nas-kari. 

Away, away, corrupiures of my faith. Skak, 

Cymbelne. iii. 4. 
Ai mere imdn men khaUd ddlne-wdloA, ddr As/ 

Corruptible, adj. 1. capable of being eornqtied, 
aarne-vala; saranbar; sapie-jog. 

2. capable of being vitiated^ biga{Tie-jog; 
bigarne ke l&yaq. 

Corruption, n. 1. ptUresemce, eapin; 8a|So; 
galan. 2. depravation, bigar; khat&bL 

3. depravity, khota-pan; burai; faflid; 
bad-kirdari; bad-afali; bad^UnalL 

Corruption of the best beootnes the wont. 
Behtar bigar- ke battar banjdtd Aos. 

4. bribery, gbus; khaoa; rishvat-khori; 
rishvat-eit&iii ; risbvat ; korh ; bad-dijioatl 

notorious corruption, mashbtlr bad-^jinati; 

aliaiyi risbvat-sitanL 

Cormptly, adv. khar&b taur par ; (nmd taar m; 

risbvat se; bad! 88 ; fi&sadse; fareb se; jil 

se ; ba-shararat ; ba-tama-i-rishvat ; be-^liSda^ 

0. that estates, degrees, and ofi&ces 

Were not derived corruptly, that clear boooar 

Were purchased by the merit of the wearer. 

Shak. Merchaitt of Venice, iL 9. 
Yeh mantab, rajfif/ir, aur martabe 
Nuhih kash milte dand makr se, 
Aur iz2xU o hurmat har tk fhakhs H 
Mudfifj liydqat ke hoU kadhi I F. C. 

Corsair, n. samandri-chor; sagar-daku. 
Corselet, n. I. a little cuirass, cband ; zirah; 
char-aiua. 2. (Entom.) par-dar klre ka siua 
ya age. [kamar kasi jS& 

Corset, n. patrldar angya jis se cbhati aur 
Cortege, n. pa-raka))i; hain-rahi; julo; jaleb. 
Cortes, n. pi. HaHpaiiia aur Purtakal ki Parle- 

meiit ya nij-Siibha ka nam. 
Cortical, adj. clibilka-sa; beruui; bahari 
Corticated, adj. chhilke-vala; post-dar; cbhil- 
ka-sa. [sahan. 

Cortile, n. chauk; angan ; angna; ahgiiai; 
Coruscant, Coruscating, adj. cbamakta-hua; 
chamchamata-hua ; chamklla; cbamak-dar; 
t alhdar. [chauiak ; jhalak ; lapat 

Coruscation, n. shola; shababa; bbabaka; 
Corvette, n. [Lat. corbie, H. dauri a basket] 

ek chhota janj^T jahaz. 
Co-secant, n. sa-kau ; qate-ut-tamam. 
Co-sharer, n. ansi; sajhi; hisse-dar; sharik-i- 

hissa; sharik. 


No better 'roimttic than a severe tempersne* 
and purity. ^If- 

f^afai aur elcdal $e behtar kox f*6faii naklh. 




OofiniC) Cosmieftl, adj. I. pertaining to the uni- 
verse, mutafllliq ba-aUm-i-zuhilr ; sauslLr- 
sambandbi ; saDs&rL 2. (Aat.) suraj ke sath 
ude aur ast hone v&la. 

OoHaogony, n» pliidaish-i-alam ; sansar-utpattl. 

The cosmogony or creation of the World has 
pussled philosophers of all ages. Qoldsmitk, 

PaiddUhi'dlan/i K bdbat iab tamdne he hukamd 
kairdn haih. 

CSoimogpraphy, n. kaiftjatn-jahan ; ilm-i-tarklb* 

i-k&^nat ; saas^r-birtant ; srishtl-bichar. 
CSouDopolitan, adj. sari duuja-k§,'; alam-ka. 
OoHBopolitaii, Cosmopolite, n. sbaiq-ul-dunja ; 

muhibb-i-ilam ; sab mulkofi k& dost ja bhala 

Qosmos, n. duay^ ; Ulam ; ka^nit. 
OoiMt, n. 1. baton ka pala-bQa bbef 1^ bachcha; 

path ya ; p&ltii path ; ghar ki bhe^f. [lal^ 

2. a jfety pyar& ; aslz ; ladla ; j&ni ; munua ; 

Cbit, D. 1. expense, mol; lao;at; dam; qimat; 

kharch ; sarf. 2. loss, ghata ; tota ; cbatti ; 

nu^aan; zarar; khisara; zyaii; kassar. 

I know it to my cost Main ne kho-ke alkhd hai. 
at the Idn^s cost, padsh&hi kharch se ; jeb-sul- 

tin! se. 
cost price, asl qimat ; Ulgat ke dion. 
t6 sdl at cost price, dam damre k. ; dam khare 

k.; lagat pe hechnsL. [saint. 

free of cost, muft ; be-mol ; be-dam ; be-qimat ; 
priwM eost, asl lagat; asl mol; asli qimat. 
Gusty V. n. [Lat. con + sto, Skr. sthd stand.] 

1. require to be given, dam lagua ; mol ko 
an&; lagni; ana; baithua; kharch h. ; sarf 
h. ; qimat rakhna. 

Whjit did it cost f Kyd. lagd t Kitne ko dl t 

2. require to be borne or suffered, uthana; 
8ahn&; baithna; sah^rna. 

To eost dear. Seihut ddm lagnd yd nftqsdn hond. 

OMtaly adj. p^lu-k&. 

OoitiYe, adj. bandha ; qabiz ; ar karne-v&la. 

Coitiyeness, n. qabz; qabzijat; ar. [qimati. 

Gojtiiness, n. bhari mol ; bahut dam ; besh- 

Costly, adj. bhar!mol-ka; qlmati; garaii-baha; 
besh-qimat; garan-qluiat; besh-baha. 
Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy, 
Bat not exprest in fancy ; rich, not gaudy; 
For the apparel oft proclaims the man. Shak, 

Hamlet, i. 3. 
Mo maqdHrjaisd ho nxUsd lihds, 
Magar ho Imarak nd dikhdvat ke pas, 
Ki kapjre hi karte hain insdh ko khds. F. C. 

Costi, n. pi. kharcha; sarf; lagat. 

cottM of suit, kharcha-i-adalat. 

costs recoventble, kharcha-i-y aftani ; kharcha qa- 

bil-i-TusQl; pane-jog kharcha. 
charged with costs^ kharcha zimme ayad hu&. 
each party to pay his own costs, kharcha-i-tar- 

fiiin-umma-i-tarfain ; bar ek k& kharcha bar 

ek ke simme. [baga. 

Goitaate, n. pahnava: poshak; libSs; bana; 
CM;, Oote, Cottage, n. [A. S. cote cyU, Skr. and 

H. Iitfff] jhonpnl; jhonpff; kuti; chhai'i; 

chhappacr; chhoU bangla. 

Cot, u. [H. M^] 5ec2, palarigii; pilnfl; khat. 
Ck)-tangent, n. chha'chban ; miimas-ut-tarnam. 
Gottager, u. 1. jho^prl ya kuti kH rahne-vala. 

2« (Jmw) muafi-dilr. 
Cotton, n. [A. qxUn^ H« hatna spin.] 1. rlii; 
pumba ; qutn ; tHr. 2. chth, siiti kapra ; rtli- 
k% kapra. 3. (tn a standtsh) stlf ; sut. 
cotton C2rder, dhuuiyH; dhuu&; kaiidera; nad- 
dUf. [charkhL 

cotton gin charkhi ; otnl ; kapas otne ki kal ya 
cotton merchant, rtii-vala ; riii\ a. 
cotton-plant, kapas ka pe^f; bau-satL 
cotton-press, rOi ka pech. 
cottonseed, binaula; pnmba-dana. 
cotton silk, senbal ki rfli ; narme ki nU. 
old cotton, logar; vUbt; gudar. 
raw cotton, baiigil ; kapas. 
stuffed with cotton, rui bhaiil ; rlii-dar. 
Cotton, V. n. {Slang) agree, eka k.; ittif^ k.; mil 

jan& ; ek jan ho jana ; shir shakar ho jana. 
Cotyledon, n. [Gk. kotyle, H. katqra a small 

cup] {Bot.) go\, ya katora-sa patta. 
Coucii, u. abed, khat; palang; char-pai; {Cor,) 
koch ; macha. [istinlliat k. 

Couch, V. n. 1. repose, letna; sona; ar3,m k. ; 
Where souls do couch ou flowers we'll hand in 
hand. Shdk. Jah&h dil ojdn phUloh par leU 
haiu ham turn hdth men hdth ddle phirehge. 
The sun is couched, the sea-fowl gone to rest. 
Woods. S&rc^ ast hud, jal ke jdnvaroh ne 
haserd Ivjd. 

2, {as a beast,) dabakna; jhuknE; dabki 
lagina ; ukruii h. 

These, when death 

Comes like a rushing lion, crouch like spanials, 
With lolling tongues, and tremble at the paw. 

AU hai maut daur-kar job sher si to ye 
Dabie haihjaise hitte hild jib, kdhpte, F. C. 

3. hide, dabak rahna y& jana; Inkna; 

We'll cottc^ in the castle-ditch. Shah, 

QjUe hi khdi meh ham chJiup jdghge. 
Couch, V. a. 1. lay down, litana; sulana. 

Where un bruised youth with unstuffed brain, 
Does couch his limbs, there golden sleep 
doth reign. Shak. Romeo and Juliet, ii. 8. 
Khaydloh se khdli mutarrad javdh 
De di-dm apne badon kojahdh, 
Sadd khudbi-ishrat hai rahtd wahah. F. C. 

2. compose to rest, letna; sona; tikna; 

The waters couch themselves as close as may 
be to the centre of this globe in a spherical 
convexity. Buniet. 

Pdnijahdh tak hotd hai is kureh ke markax ke 
qarUf mudawar aur mohaddab fft«^ meh 
phailtd hai, 

3. express, bay an k. ; barnan k. ; zikr k« 
Couched in corteous language. 

Shustah zabdn meh baydn Iciyd. 
to couch a cataract, {Surg.) &nkh ka jala nikalna 
utarna, ja dQr k.; ankh saf karu&. 
■ Some artist whose nice hand 
Couches the cataract, and clears his sight 
And all at once a flood of glorious light 
Comes rushing on his eyes. Dennis. 






/o ttttSd lete h&ih ^hk9k hijsia, 

Safd katk 96 dar karte haih dkuud ; 

To yakbdrgl patid hai yikn ujdld, 

VincmdUt kai nula koi goifa iu,nid. F. C. 
to couch a spear or lanoe^ m&rte vaqt bh&le ko 

h&th meA tolii& ja jaachD&. 

The former wavM iu air [Dryd^n, 

His flamiDg 8 word* iEneaa eomcktd his spear. 

Utne to dhj6 legidarakhthdh kojkakold, 

In$a8 ne vtkd ntse to phir jdnck-kt told, F. C. 

to couch cu a Ifcast, dbukkl m&rD& ; dabki lag&- 

ua ; ghat nieu baitbni. [roahzQf h. ; gupt h. 

to couch under, mafliCtm k. ; man! y% arth d. ; 

There in all thia, and more, that Ilea naturally eoneh- 

cd under this allegory. V Eitrwigt, [kaJL 

Yeh tamdm aur U te tiyddah i$ t^shiih meh makztf 

Gonchant, adj. ukrCLu liaitha-hua ; gurbi^oi- 

shast ; Ont ki baitbak baitha-bu&. 
Cough, u. (H. kUur, P. kif^ H. khakdr mucus 

from the throat] khansi; khur kbur; kbokht; 

khauD khauQ ; dbaun dhaun ; sarfa ; db&na. 

Love and eough cannot be hid. Pror. 

Ithq aur khdiui (tnuM) dihupte nahih. 

Cough, V. n. khai^na ; kboiiku& ; dhaun dhaun 

k.; dhai^na. 
to cough up, kbankar d. ; khank&r-ke tb^knlL. 
Coulter, n. [H. hdt cut] ploughshare, ph&r ; 

phali; haras. 
Council, [Lat. con + colore, H. pukdmd to call] 
1. cm assembly, Babh& ; jatba ; pancb&yat ; 

majUs ; jam^t ; jalsa ; jamghata. 2. cnnfulta- 

thn, pancbon kt salab ; masbvarah-i-majlis ; 

(Cor.) kauiisal. [nisbast-gib. 

council cliamfjer, diwrin-kbana; baitbak; niabast; 
council ofxoor^ laral ki salab ke vaste fauji afaa- 

ruu ka jalsa. [i-am. 

a common council, diwan-i-Slm ; darbir ya jalsa - 
Ugidal've counciL masbirau-i-qauiim ; qauun 

batiaiie-valoQ ka jalsa. 
a member of conncil, counc'lo^y raantri; masblr- 

i-jalna; kauusal ka mimbar. 
a privy council, executive council, r'lj-mantri; 

masbirau-i-shabi ; divan-i-kbas; nij-mantri. 
award of a council, masblroii-ka faisla. 
in council, sabba meii; ijlas nieii. 
to Iwld rouncil, salab ya masbvarab k. 
Counsel, n. 1. consultai on, inaslabat; mash- 

warab; kabna-suiina. 2. advice, updesb; 

salab ; pand ; nasibat ; ra6 ; mat, [kai. 

Coumd is no command. Prov. Updesk adesh nahih 

3. secr^y, secret, bbed ; raz, 

4. advocate, vakil; {Cor) kaunsili. 

to keep one's own counsel, apna bbed ebbu- 
pana. [nasibat k. 

Counsel, v. a. sikb d. ; updesb k. ; salab d. ; 

Counsellor, n. 1. aw adviser, siksbak ; mautri; 
salabkar; naseb; piilmarsbi; nasibat -go. 

2. minister, maiitri ; masliir. 

3. barrister, (Cor.) kaunsili (Councilor, 4.) 
Count, V. a. [Fr. counte, H. gint't^ 1. nambei-, 

giuna ; giuti k. ; sbumar k. ; bisab k. 
When men in sickneps ling' ring lie, 
They count the tedious hours by months and 

years. Drydcn. 

Mkraz mcA raks ddtaM jdb poig^ 
To ek dam hkl kaisdlo mdh se bofd, F. 0. 
2. esteem, libiz k.; ginn&; samajhiil; 
biijhna; jlnni. 
Count, V. D. baf hna ; zyadah h. [adkcUA 

Kvery additional one counts. Jitnd tj/adm «Cil 
(The more the better). 

to count one's beads, japn& ; m&l& ;% taabik 

Count, n. (Law) daw& ; illat. 
Count, n. a tiobleman, Ishku ; naw&b ; ^ikoL 
Countenance, n. [Lat. con + ienerCf H. thaw m i 
to bold.] 1. look, features, rilp; sflrat ^ muUl- 
X^ ; chebrab ; cbebrab roobrah ; mukh ; mUkh; 
kbat o kbal ; bashrah ; sbakl. 

To keep one's countenance, Ckekra na 5fWiM 
I could scarcely keep my countenamee. 
Maik hahsl noAfA rok sakd, 

2, favor, tavajjob; iuSyat; mehr-bU; 
kirp9, ; paksb ; bimayat. [utftniL 

to be out of countenance, sbarminda h. ; chehnh 
Countenance, ▼. a. muAh den&; iltiftt k; 

prasant3.i ya pasaudidgT jat&ui; paaaadk.; 

rfl-daii k. ; him&jat k. 
Counter, n. 1. one who counts, ginti kame-Hlft; 

giuue-vala; shumar-kuniuda. 2. (Coniesii) 

money, rupulll; damre; dam dam^e; luiqdL 

3. a piece of meted, etc. used in redkoismf, 
ala-i -sbumar. 4. table on which customert k§ 
the money paid by Viem, rupaya dharne U 
mez; basna; takbt; takbta. 

6. (Far.) gbore ka siiia. 
counter of a tradesman, tat ; tappaf ; basui. 
Count 31, adj. bi-mukh ; bi-prit; bi-rudh ; kbilif; 

ulta; bar-aKs. 
Counter, adv. bar-kbilaf; iilta; bar-aks. 
to run co'Anterfo, bar-kbilaf ya birudb jana ya k. 
Countt^ract, V. a. katna; torna; b&rij honi; 
miizahim b. ; mane b. ; rokna; maroa; nltt 
asar k. 

To conteract the effect of a medicine. 
Ki-H davd ka asar roknd yd mdmd. 

Counteraction, n. rok; kat; tor; mnqibla; 

ikhtilaf; rauzaheraat. 
Counter-balance, v. a. barabar k. ; tolQ&; ham' 

vazan k. ; dbara ntbana ; pasiiug karui. 
Counter- balance, n. barabar vazan; ham* 

vazan ; barabar ka dharsl. 
Counter -buff, n. ultl mar; ulta sadma; palti 
Counterchange, u. adiabadii; udal badial; 

palta; tabdil; mubadala. 
Counter-charm, n. tone ya jadu ka tof ji 

utar; uUlra; ultlpaan; ulta maotar. 
Counter-check, n. rok; tok; matil^; bsndF; 

Counter-current, a ulti dbara. : 
Counter-evidence, u. vajab-itaiUid; pirti 

saksbl. I 

Counterfeit, v. a. imitate, naql k. ;ytaqlid k.; 

bbes banana ya bharn'i ; iiha^y 


makr k.; i*up ganthna; jal k.jf^buAak, 
Counterfait, v. n. bbes banana ^ micUil k 

OpUterfait, adj. banioti; naqll; t&khtah; 

masnfil; Ubisi; taqhdi; j&ll; j&lijah; 

khofi; qalbi; b&ti]; jbti^. 
«»iMle9/ei( com, masntU yK qalb! sikki; j&U 

rojNiyft; JbfLti sikka; Bikka-i-maqlttb; (eap- 

per rujme) tinbe k& rupaji ; miU ; t&rachL 
mmUerfniing coin, or uttering base coin, sikka- 

i-qalabl k& banini yi obalaD& ; talbls-sikka. 
Oofwitmbitf n. ban&oti ; naql ; s&kbta; maanlU; 

JIU; jbt&ti; kboU! 

lam no counUrfeii; to die is to be the 

mmm tiifiit of a man ; for he ii but the eotuUerfeii 

of a man who hath not the life of a man. Shah, 

Mmrf. iT. pt 1. Y. 4. MaiA naqli nah§h huii ; 

■miNi naqU ddmi bannA Aot, kfoh ki ji$ d<f Mi meik 

i§m aaM Am woK dcimi H naql kai. 

Cbutar-foil, n. jo^ kisl bislib ke Uigaa 

Tigairakft; mosanni; 30^; sftul. 
OMDittmand, v. a. hakm ulatoa, palatnft yi 

piMrn&; radk. ; maosakb k. [bipilt bukm. 
Cbotemaad, n. pable bukm ke khil&f yft 
Cbuitar-auureh, n. 1. a m^xrehdng baek, ultft 

k&oh ; .Tftpai ; lautil ; rajat-i-qabqaii. 
2. (Mil.) saf ki paltE. 
OramteniiiiLe, n. 1. {Mil.) sorang ke niche 

•oraAg; Borang dar surang. 
2. plot, obbal ; fareb ; da^ ; dhokft. [obftl. 
OiBAter-motion, n. barkat-i-muqftbil ; bi-rudb 
OMSftttmiixe, n. dlv&r ke plobhe dl?ar; dlyir 

ke .baribar div&r ; kf par ftf . 
Qnoiterpanei n. palang-posb. 
Ommterpart, n. 1. eopp, ut&r& ; naql. 

2. dupliecUe, dilar&; ut&r; musann&. 

3. earreepandent part, }<^t^i jof; mel; 
tad-rQp; aan-mukb; muqEbil; jav&b. [b&t. 

.ftmilorpleai n« (Zatc.) jav&b-uzr; jay&b-i-mC^ji* 
flranlerpoiae, v. a. [counter -1- poise » Fer.p^ang] 

ttali rakhii&; bamyasan k.; bojb barabar 

k.; dhaf& barftbar k. ; p&sang k. 
finmterpoise, n. 1. an equal weighty barHbar 

bojh y& Tasan ; dha^. 2. equiltbtiua^ ham- 

▼ftzani; bar&baur tol; p&sang. 
)0l|]it0rpoi8on, n. bikh-m&r; bis-m&r; Tish- 

l^ti; sahr-mohift; tirj&q. 
3oiiiil0r-proo( n. aubat ke muq&bil eubat; 

tardid-i-subat; rad-i-eubat. 

ign^n. [counter + eign ~ H.ehinh asign.] 
1. signature, n&yab y& gumasbte ke 

dastkhat ba-muqabla-i-dast-kbat-i-munlb 

▼agi^ra. 2. (Mil.) bigh&w&; ek khufya 

allmat yft lafz pabreb-y&le ko batay& jat& 

bai ki jo shakha is al&mat ko bole use 

fiug me& &Qe do. 
OonttarHTOroty, n. s&min kl zamftnat. 
CouUarrail, v. a. [Fr. eotUre against, valoir 

to avail, H. bcU strength] hsiX ki bar&bar 

k. ; taloi; hamvasan h. 
=OniilMl^ n. amir ki blvl ; begam. 
Jwithn lifmse, Oonntiag room, n. 
. .IttiftbihiDa ; kh&tVghar. 
^nOm^ ady. an-ginat; be-ginti; be-ahu- 

Ur; titTbiiAb; ai-had; l&^ted&d. 

Country, n. 1. region, des; bham; kiahvar; 
mulk; val&yat; iqllm. 

2. (opposite of ftwn) ^U)6; bertlnajlt; 
deb&t ; atr&f ; qurb jay&r ; nayih ; mufassal. 

3. citizensy constituents, ri&y&; praj&; 
av&m; muvakkilan; b&shinde. 

native country, janam-bham ; paid&ish ki jagah ; 

vatan; z&d-bam. 
CoULtry, adj. 1. pertaining to the cowUrp, 
desi; mulki; debati; gftoi^-ka. 

Oountrjf people. Odoh ke log, [gtAtWefL 

2. rude, an&ri; akkhaf ; kacbcba; kh&m; 
Country manners. OahvdrH ^hahg. 

Countryman, n. 1. 0/ the sami country, ek 
mulk y& des kl; ek-desi; desl-bhii; desv&l; 

See who comes here f [SKak. Macbeth, iv. S. 
Hj countryman ; but yet I know him not. 
Dekhotoyehkaunatdhait MerddeH-bhdihai, 
par maih to uejdntA nahHL 

2. rustic, ganvir; ganveli; dih&tl; dah* 
qftni; g^fi-T&l&. 
County, n. il&qa; ziUl; sabab. [kM ohot 
Coup de graoe, n. zakbmmoblik; gh&tik-gh&o; 
Coup de main, n. dh&y& ; davr ; t&kht ; billa. 
Coup de soleil, n. dbap ki ohot; la; tamftzat. 
Oonple, n. I. a pair, jo^; "jofi; jag; jot; 
dukift; dnkri; juft; sauj. 

2. a betrothed or married pair, dalbi dul* 
ban; baha banni; jora kbasam; laig; 
miyin bivL 3. (ilrcA.)qainobi. 4. (Galvanism.) 
dh&t k& jo^ 
Couple, y. a. I, join, jopi&; mil&u&; g^nthnl; 
sambandh k. ; bS]QdhD&; joift lagini.* 

2. marry, byUbna; bam&; byab d; nik&h 

pafhani; aqd bifidhn&; sb&di k.; ghar abad 

k.; gbar basani; nik&h kar dena; pHe h&th 

k.; g&nth lag&n&; palle lag&n&. 

Couple, y. n. juroft; miln&; gatb-jofi bandh- 

n&; jufti kh&n& ; jori lagiii. 
Couplet, n. dob&; dohra; sortb&; bait; fard; 
sher; {1st) matgl&^harn; matli; (2nd.) 
Courage, Gourageouaness, n. [Lat. cordis, H. 
hirdd heart] sarm&pan; jodh&'pan; mar- 
dangi; dilerl; bah&durl; diiavari; sbuj^t; 
himmat; ohbktl; jurat; (the liver) jigar; 
kaleja ; (the kidney) gurda. 
CourageoUB, acy. surbir ; jodh& ; diler ; dilivar ; 
bab&dur; mard&ua; jav&n-mard; himmat 
vUl ; shuji ; dil gurde-T&l&. 
CotirageouBly, adv. sar-blrtai se; jodhi-pane 

se ; babiduri se ; diler&na ; mardaua. 

Courier, n. a messenger, pSyak ; paik ; daufEhi ; 

sandesi; dut; hark&ra; q&sid; n&ma-bar; 

paig&m-bar. [ravish. 

Course, n. 1. progress, obftl; daur; raft&r; 

2. toayt Ilk ; rasta ; b&t ; dagar ; rab ; tarlq. 

The course of a ship. Jahdz kd rSsta, 

8. race-course, ghurdaur; chakkar; 
ehau^n. 4. manner of proceeding, dhang ; 
oh&l ; taur ; tariqa ; sUrat ; sabiL 



But i( « right « 

It be taken with children 

■a much aeed of commoa 

renaLrils nnj piiniahiDeiitK. Loeit. 

Lehin agaf backchoh ke talk achdthe dhaag tt 

biirt"0 kiydjU to miinBli iniiHoh our tia6an 

H 2ai-eral nuAin iogi. 

5. procedure, rit; rasm; rihjBarishta; 
!Abta. [r!t. 

6. regular lucetsiimi, Bilsila; bandhlhui 

The aecond coune, Diird daur. 

A coui'ie of reodiug. Daril kUd'tak kd liltUa. 

Hb [Guldainkh] wore Hue cluthra, gave 
diliiwra of 8ev«r>,l eouriw, paid court to 
venal bettutiea. Miicaatay. 

Wah aekekhe tapri pahanlS, our barl baji 
lyafatth karta, our rorirfi.i/Oji it pinjhlt thS. 

I.mtnset, haiz; pliiil; mriliviiri; kaprej 
aijara. 8, i-ond'iel, cliiJan ; clial-ohalan ; chal- 
dliill; illiai'ig; luchobbctn; burUo; ravaiyab. 
eourte (of table), kbanon ka daur; pBrosu&. 
course of a riotr, dlutu; bahao. 
a courts of metUeinei, oharkh ; gardiah; saiHln. 
bcit coarse, salah ; maslahat ; uchit upae. 
in eoune, badii ; evaz meii. 
in coui-H of biuituu, kir o bar ya b&rUo 
meii; kar o bar ke intizam men; muanilab 
barti! men. [m&mDii; ohande bid. 

in due eoune, bote bote; vaqt par; qlede se; 
Hf coarte, adv. uudotibtedlff, albatta; oiBhoho 
kar-ke; pramiluik; lurar; bil-iurOr; be- 
sbak; be-sbubah; iiia-aandeh; aur kyt, 
OMi of tht ordinary eourta, rIt blhar; khilif- 

qaeda-i-tuuqarrara)i ; khil&f dastOr. 
words of course, airf bateu ; bateu hi lAted, 
Conise, T. a. I. eliaie, ahikar ka piohhe jaiii; 
aheriia; shikar k. ; piuhha bh&gn&; raged- 
ua; kbadcrna; khakbenu. 
Wumurndhiuikttbahee'li. Skat. VocMLl S. 
JI,tm Hike plcAka lagt fiole pal, 
2. force to run, daurftoK ; regedni ; dalAidl ; 
bhasaiia. [ft«M», 

Tu Mc tb* itag toartd with RmhodDda. 
SUiSrl kuUok m cM-bu- kirm ka M^ <MMl 
Comie, V. u. mote imtA tpetd, duipil; |a 
chalua; cbakkar khftni. {" 

8 wile >a qiiiokailvar it etunm Uuongh 
The nktunl gate* aod illm of tbalwb: 
Woh ifmHb Id iia»rj«li kijaU 
Badan kehartli ekiut o MMU mM. V. 0. 
Courser, n. 1. one who hunts, shikirl; ablkir- 
Imz; alien; aaiyid; bayadhl. 

A leash i# & le&tbern tbang bf vhloh a jiuim 

le«da hii grsjbouud. ffimw. 

Jporf et tiamrt ki bund tuOl Ujm i 'OMJ 

2. fun/c horsf, war-horte, tnr L 

tea gam 


pidahahi-mahal ; takht-gab; aivEn; qasr; 
daulat-kti&iiB. 3. royal awiienee, tij-darlAr; 
dai'bar; diT^n-khaa; darbar-BhIhl ; bargih. 
i.roi/alty, rfij; raj-pat; jAdsbaht; pAd- 
sbahiit ; ealtaiiat. 

If it abauld come to the ear oF the court. 

Shak. Merry Wita of Windsor. It. I, 
Agar ytk p/idshah it Ha taipakunchjSf. 

5. retinue of a king, mu^bibau-t-ahihl; 
arkan-i-daulat ; umari; teourtier) darlwrl 

My lord, there ie e nublemea ot ^s ewrt 
would ipeak with you. SkiA. Btnj. \l. 

Jahdh-panfih, tk dartiSri ontr kastr m 
mulSq/ll Jnrae dyd hai. 

6. the appointed atiemhUng of {he rrtinm 
of a sovereign, julas; mlhl maritib ; jnlo; 
b&II raaTOlI. 

To hold t, court. liartSr k, 

7. eoutif^, baIiIm; ijlas; dirila-kliia;) 
i-Km. 8. {of legislature) makin-i-ijias 
gbar. 9. (of justice) uiy&e-eMA; 
i-od&lat; aiUlat-i-inujaTixah ; kaohkhil 

Meet hevtilj do I bMoeah the ct ' ' ~' 
the judgment. 

M»iA niksyal sidq dU m an tart* I 
addUii apnifaisiak de. 

Far from eouri, far from nre. 

KaA«krt m dSr, loch it dar. 

The raling of the eouri. Hide 
10. attention, UAtir; tartio^ 

To p<i<r etnai to one. KM h tT. 
emirt-fdot, a. itj-tha^l; pSdahkhl^ 
eouri martiat, (Cor.) kot mSnhal; 1 
court of first instance, muAb-i-aTnl. 
court of judicaiure, ad&lat 
emtrt of second instance, murttk-iint O.M 
court of trust, mahkama-i-auqll 0. CL 
tomrtofwardt, iBlbdtMBi Iwrparwtftj 
wftnMbn ol eMr«, dsUlMvUr; I , 
apptUalo ooKrt, tdlUt-inipd y& muri&. 
ttoU eoMH, idilat-dlTlDL 
tfimuial evmt, kdlktrlkiq-Ari. 
higk flwrf, idilEt-l«U; (CW.) fall kot. 
ktffk evvrt i/Jialie^ kij^uit eomi, w»Arr 
i^Jlarf «Mf enr^ Mdi^TtaiL V 

i^teat rtt mm tmtri, Mdrbor^; s-- 
ii Mm etmrt, filli ptr; bir > 

rawMH WMTl, mtlikmm' 



3. woo, iahq k. yi -tiii - 
piohUo luge pLi:r:.i. j. "■ 

FullOW Ik ihllloK'. '.' 1^9 - -. 

Saeia III flj it, it wL ;.-_-. 
To eviirl a inistrcVi. n- .-.-^ 
Let her al'iue, the w.. r _- - 
CWu jiirAAc tuf fa. ;ip- ' ■ 
Aue&D unparfim. ; s- r 
8ii ranili n jrartai n/s: i.— . 
To bba'grgi ui K fik i* ■ :>^. 
Ai/ar apmi mtL not ::.■ i ~ - '. 
Gait id att afiNC pti' <JL- e.c 

tt a quarrel, IatU Zj^ s 

:bari!lii&; iijttrbisiul. 

rt death, maut chibai yl Tiaz. 

bihiia; siudagi se blck^i^ 

ir h. ; zist ae hitfa Jh'.':£. 

rt-card, n. tasvir-TiU :it ji ^i; 

Ttdras, n. darbirl kiirtVi - 

Xtdou, adj. kbush-kll-l':' si 

hbllq; milauanr; ninfvT-,.< ~ 
A patient and etmrtecu 'jai-;:!, 
Sk MtHaJiamMU our Hwi anH 

rtaotulj, ndv. l(hi»b-kliu£ * 

vakbUq; ba-tawiu; i^ lo^i 

i&a ae. 

iteoniBCM, Conrtav, b, 1. 

ti&t; milanakrl; U«i»; 
8.,^fl0r, kuaia^ 

Ht loid, Itr JOOr MM* MMHB 

AiAp, ^&alH«| if ^ 

tNli mem log 
iDkatibaiA. [inrtnM;i 
. u. 1. (qfmmmi 
Yoa kno* 1 md nu am^ 

if fdBb Aooi U M« fa^ 

S. fiarUrtr, kfaiuUHiA;: 

itUiuw, n. duMn «b 
|tl7, adj. du-btrt; ^ta. • 
(t-plwtor, □. lai^' kik n 
1 ukhai par l«gUc Uk 
rtohip, u. 1. M.^^c^ 


. 1. (^/Aer. fc-^^ - 

:t.] l.afrtuftf, 
; buuar; kar- 
-.lift. 2. /rourf, 
li; fnrcb; land 
1 chbidr. 
. but truth lorea to 
.VI' taaiiia, r&tii urigiii. 
'ifAe aiaiA naiigii biaU. 
ii'^i; doA^ij kislitL 
^^M ; Jul 80; dit^&-l)llz! se; 

^^^ : liila Rc ; .ilvai'; se. 

illkl; niyaii; dau'a-bazt; 
.'ii-iiebt; da!,iil fiaal ; hirfut. 
jgiir; dast-kar; bujiar-mAnd; 

chalilk; kupti; clihnlyjl; dag&- 
ivar; fareblj fitrati; mutafamil; 
; fatUGf; iDjikkar. 
[Corn, tami, H. (liri peak] k^rlii; 
-: , Uli; tikri. 

I . Htrh, adml ki gardan ; g»lL. 

I' k[ gardan. 
Cra^By- ""^j' ni-bamyilr;kbftvltharil; 
,1 liil; behar; afUnf; H'lar kba'iar. 

.raggy mouatain. Vhehi nichO p\!ir. 

"■li, Craggineu, n. uuoliaiuichai; uS^ 

. ui; naabeb o farfiz. 
, n. itwffiiig, bbarti; hashv. [khfiuchnS. 
, v.a. 1. »lv>f\ thiiiiiii; bbarnS; ghuserul; 

Tn e™" a rwim with p»opl*. 

JtaUa M<A adatinoh ko thih» dtni. 




Covered, adj. 1. dhakl; mandhi-hua; malfUf; 
gil&fl; chhatrl-d&r; topl-d&r; Daq&(>dar. 

2. concealed, chhupahua; mund&-hu&; 
potihldah; makhfl; piuhan. 
a covered or covert way, (Fort,) qile kft chhupa 

rasta ; chor-ghati ; ohor rastah. 
a covered passage, chbupa rastah ; chhatt&. 
Covering, n. poshish; orhui; chadar; gil&f. 

The women took and spread a covering OTer 

the well's mouth. Samtid, xvii 19. 

Aurtoh ne ek ekaddar le-har huek ke mUhh par 

phaUd dl, [j&l (nH). 

eovering for a horse, gardani; a^&i; urtak; 
covering for a tray, gil&f ; kbuan-posh. 
Coverlet, Coverlid, n. razai; lih&f; gud|I; 

bilft-posh; gil&f; khol. 
Covert, adj. 1. sJieUered, dha.)Ahn%; Ir k&; ot 

ka; pauab kil; s&e men; s&S tale, [makbfl. 

2. secret, cbhupl; gupt; poshld&b; pinh&n; 
Covert places. Potkidah maqSmdt, 
Whether of open war or covert guile. Milton, 
Khuli larH yd ehhupd kap<U. 
8. (Law) bij2ht&; suh&gan; mankQba. 
Feme covert. Biy^htd ittri; VMnkML antrtU ; 
makg-hharl; tuhdgan. 
Covert, n. 1. shelter, &f ; pan&b; bacb&o. 

A covert from storm and rain. IsaiK It. 6. 
Ikdhi aur mehk h6, baehdo, 
2. thicket, jhiil; jbund; kunj; jblr; 
jhClr; jangal; baoL 

The deer is lodged, Ty tracked her to her 
covert. Addison, Cat: 

Eiran apne ghar nuh jd ehhupd, maih ne tukd 
khojjhdri tak lagd Uyd. 

Coverture, n. 1. shelter, raksba; richchha; 
rakbval; saran; pan&h; ar; ot; artala; 
cbhatr-chhaya ; asra; hifazat. 

Far off and where the lemon grove 
In closeat coverture u|>apriing. Tennyton. 

Dvrjis ja ki nViuoh kejhund. 
Qhcr bhitur the karte Hiichd mund. F. C. 

2. (Law.) patitwa; pat-disha; suhag; 
haiyat-i-uikah ; halat aurat mankuha ki ba- 
lu haisiyat ki vob ii&liubat vagairab se 
mahfuz rabne ke liye apue sbauhar ki 
paiiah men boti hai. G. G. 
Covet, v.n. lobhk.; lalach k; lalcbana; cbahuE; 
kbuahisb k.; havas k. ; birs k.; tama k 

Covet uo more than you want ! 

Ilojat te ziyodah mat chdho I 

If it be a »in to covet honour \Htnry. V. iv. 8. 

I am the most offending man alive. Shak. 

Agar hirs izzat H haigi gundhy 

To hdh maih bard hi gunahydr^ ah / F. C. 

1 am yet 
Unknown to woman, never was forsworn, 
Scarcely have coveted what was my own, 
At no time br«>ke my faith. Shak. Macbeth, iv. 8. 
Aahlh shakl aurat ki dekhi abhi, 
Qnsam koi maiiitie na tori kabhi, 
Ka lalach ki/fd mdi kn apne bhl, 
Karl bclmoin na abtak koi. F. C. 

Covetuous, adj. lalchi; lobhi; baria; tame. 
Covetuousness, n. lalach; lobh; birs; tania. 

Covetuo iS'tess brings nothing home. Prov. 

Lobh te kuchh naJiih miltd. [vessel. Prov. 

Covet itousnest is always filllDg a bottomless 

Kabhi zarf Idlach kd bhartd nahih. 

Covey, n. 1. a brood, jbol ; p&l ; bachohe. 
A eovey of partridges. Titroh kdjhoL 
2, flock, jbund; gol. 
Covin, n. (Law.) do ya ziy&dah idmiotk ki 
babam abd karn& kisi ko sarar paha&cbftna 
ke lije ; B&zisb. 
Cow, n. [H. gatt, P. gdo] gaQ; gie; glo; gort; 

dhenu; kapil&; osar; k&m-dben. 
Cow, V. a. darani ; kbauf dil&Q& ; dabini. 

It hath cowed my better part of man. Skak 

Macbeth, ▼. 7. 
Ja ne merijavdk mardl ko dabd d\yd. 

Coward, Cowardly, adj. [0. Fr. eouard short* 
tailed (bare), Lat. coud^ tail, H. gandly Skr. 
hatar, H. ibdyar coward] dar-pok; bos-dili; 
buz-dil; k&yar; na-mard ; hetH ; dar-pokn&j 
bbagora; lendi; padgb&bri; biz. 
Covoards are cruet Prov. Buz-dU fte-roAm kate-keiL 

Cowardice, Cowardlineu, n. darpokl; darpok- 

pao; het&*pan; buz-dill; n&-mardl; km 


Cow-dnng, n. gobar; gomai; (dry) upU; 

arnH; kaDd&; gOb&; gotba; p&cbak-i-daahtl 

Cower, y. n. dar se dabn&, jbukn&y dabakni yi 

nihuma ; kbauf se jbuk j&n&. 
Cowherd, b. gbosl; gop&l; gualU; ahir; go* 

&lya; g&6<baraiy&; gie-gbera. 
Cowhide, n. g&cS yi bail ka obamri; gaukhi. 
Cow-honse, n. gau-s&l&; go-sala; go-riiift; 
giiil-bin; gait; bathau; kharak. [pluJL 
Cow-itch, n. konch ka darakbt; ko£ich kl 
Cowl, I), bairagi ka ek qism ka libis, y& topi; 
jubbab; kafnl; kiirta. 

What differ more, you cry, than crown, 
anil cow! f [Pop*^ 

I'll tell you, friend, a wise man and a fool 
Kafai, kuldh te barhkar hai farq ku mtk 
ziyndah f ' [batdtd. F. C 

M&rakh, chatur men, bhSi, maih turn ko Ais 
Cow-leech, n. gue-hiid ; salotri. 
Cow-pox, u. gothan-sitla. 
Coxcomb, n. 1. a i<trip of red cloth notched 
like the comb of cock^ be-vaqrifi ki kalgi; 
hiinaqat ka turrab ; alamut-i-bumaq. ^.fop, 
banka ; akar-baz ; cblmila. 3, the flower, jati- 
dbarl; kes; taj-i-kbarus ; gul-i-turrah. 
4. the top of the heady kapal ; cboti. 
Coxcombical, adj. baiikJl; akkhar; cbbichhoii. 
Coy, adj. clniunkne-vala; bbarklla; sbarm-gin; 
lajvantl; uhanijila; sbarmalu; haya-d&r. 
Coy and furtive gruce«. W, Jrwi»g. 

Hayddar axtr sharmgih woh addih. 

Coy, V. a. caress, stroke, piyar k ; pucbkami; 
bath pherna. 

Come, sit thee down upon this flowery bed. 

While I thy amiable cheeks do coy. Shak. II 

Midsummer Night's dream, if. L 

Zard bistar-i-gul jie turn baiih-ke 

Gul-i-rukh kd apne do bosah mujhe. F. C. 

Coyness, u. bln^rak ; laj ; baja; sbarm; bijib. 

Cozen, V. a. chhalna; tbagua; Jul d.; dhoki, 

daga, }a fareb dena. 
Cozenage, n. tbagal; cbbal-bal; ari m&ri; 
tbag-biddya ; flEureb ; daga-baa ; dboki dha^ 





The irmod and eoienage of trading men aud 
shop-keepers. Swtft, DukdndSrok aur tau- 
ddgroh kd fareb aur arl mdri, 

OoqTi n. 8ukh-dil ; ar&zsl ; ai^m-deh. 

CMbi D. [A. S. erabba, Skr. hart, H. kekrd], 

1. keki'&; kark; sarUn; gegt&; korkarh&. 

2. (Ati.) sart&n ; kark. 

3. a wild (xpple, janglT seb. 
When roasted crabi hisn io the bowl. 

Then nightly sings the staring owl. ShcLk, 

Love*$ Labour lotL ▼. 2. iong, 
Mmnd §$h iab jiim meh ehhunchhun&g, 
T6 ghuggQ bhi vih rdt H gU gdS. 

4. peevish, nak-cbarb&; karr&'Subh&o; 
tonh-mis&j ; BQd-ranj. 5. (Mech,) pattbar 
ii(h&ne kl kal. 6. loitse, obiobn; jan; kiln!. 

7. manffoeyMn ; amiH. 
t& eaich a erab, ultl kb&n&. 

Crabbed* adj. 1. tour, harshj kbatt&; tnrsb; 

durehiri: kar&: sakbt; tund; chinchina. 

Ten times more gentle than her father's 

crabbed, Skak. Tempat,m. 1. 

BdpjUnd hi toriA-rft haigd, 

Um «e dah ehand woh nek-kkn haigd. F. C. 

5. dijfieuhj katbin ; bbari ; dubbar ; dush- 

^Vir; pechdar; daqiq; (erbl kbir; musbkil. 
8he had sat up of nights eoning lessons 
and spelling over crabbed grammars and 
geography books in order to teach them to 
Georgy. Thackeray. Vanity Fair. 
Wok rdtok ko baiih-kar Qeorgy ke parhdne k$ 
wdtie iabaq dekhU, awrJHgrdfid awr peek-ddr 
wrf nahv ki kitdbok kd mutdld karti. 

€tMed writing, badkbat; kire makaure; kil 

kiati; makaure kl s! Ungen; lakiren. 
Cnbbedness, n. kbat&i; turshl; karva-pan; 
tnndl; cbircbifa-pan ; kajakhlaqi; turshrilL 
CkMkt ▼. a. (Fr. craquer, H. harakna\ 

1. $hiwer, kark&iii; cbatkkua; tark&nil; 
muik&iUl; phirua; torn&; pborna; b&l dalna; 
dan d&ln& ; sbaq k. 

To eraek a nut. Bdddm phopid, 
S. tnt^, obatk&D& ; phatkarni. 
To crads a whip. Kord <Aafkdnd. 

8. utUr smartly, tbatt^ m&rn&; l&fzaDl k. 
Ii €radkajcke, tbatta in&m&. 

• • • 

imek a lou$e, jan mariii. [baj&n&. 

itaek om^t fingers, UDgliy&n cbatk&n&; chutki 
Cndkf T. n. 1. burst, karakul; tarakua; 
miifakn&; marakn^l; ohatakbn&; pbatna; 
bil inft. 2. vtter a loud sudden sound, 
karaknl; kariLk& h.; obat&kbH k; bbarak& 
h.; &^sab bon&. 

I will bourd her though she chide as loud, 
Am thunder when the clouds in autumn eraek. 
Shak. Taming of the Shrew. 1. 2. 
MarUhgd tdmnd takd, agareheh mujh ko voh 
jhifke^ [garje. F. C. 

Karai-kar mid b^li ke, khitdh meh abr jab 

duSkfU. I. fissure, tarak; b&l; khat; laklr; 
dan; shig&f; sluu}; tarer; daiiLr; darkft; 

A eraek in a walL Dhdr mek tarer yd dart. 
8. a Aarp sound, karak; ka^ika; kaf- 
kafibat; chatSkai; dbar; cbar. 

Tb» emci of a whip. Kofe ki phafkdr. 

Ctwokf adj. ba^; umda; kar&ke-ka; tarilqe-ki. 

One of our crack speakers in the Commons. 

Dickens. Majli»-i'vukald mm hamdrd ek 
tardqe kd bolne-wdld. 

Crack -brained, adj. pagal j2l divana-sa. 
Cracked, adj. 1. tutk; pbllt&; tutft-pbuU; 
jbojHL; b&l-dar. 

A cradsed yeseel. Jhojrd barton. 

Cracked coin. PAfild rupayd. 

2. a erazedf p&gal-sa. 
Cracker, n. pat&kba ; singb&p ; murriL 
Crackle, v. d. karkax^il; kai-akna; ma^knft; 
marmariLna: murxnurlLDa: cbatakna: bbar- 
bba^aa; cba^'obar&na. 

Burning thorns crackle. JaUX hhi^ ehaiakhtl Aat. 

Crackling, n. cbatakh; charcbaiiLbat; dbar- 


As the crackling of thorns under a pot so is 

the lauffhter of a fool. Eeclesiasticus. vii. 0. 
Jnh chalhe meh khA ehatkhe, aite mUrakh 

thatta mdre. 

• • • 

Cracknel, n. ek tarab kH kurkuiH biskiit. 
Cradle, n. [A. S. eradol, Per. gahvdrd, H. 
gadulnd]. 1. palD&; jbQlna; pingfliil; 

hindoli; gabvaril; mabd. [King Lear 1.1. 
She had indeed Sir, a son for her cradle ere 
she had a husband for her bed. Shak. 

Hdh t^hib, khuam ke §dth ione $e pahle h% 
wok ek lalnd god khild chuki thl. 
2, iw/ancy, bacb-pan ; bSl-pan; tiflL 
From the cradle to the grave. 
Mahd $e lahad tak ; bdl-pan se burhdpe tak. 

8. (Surg.) tati baddl ke iviste kbUna. 
Craft, n. [A. S. craft. H. hartab, art.] 1. a trader 
kfim; uddam; beopir; birfa; bunar; kar- 
tab; dastkari; dhandba; pesb&. 2. fraud, 
obbal; Jul; dbok&; thagal; fareb; land 
pband ; cbbal batte ; chbal chfaidr. 

Craft must have clothes, but truth loves to 
go naked. Prov. 1. Makr mcdbUi, rdeti uriydh, 

2. JhUt chdhe bheSf fach kahe maih naitgd bhiud. 

3. {N^aut.) a&o; dong&; doogl; kisbti. 
Craftily, adv. cbbal se; jul se; dagi-b&zl se; 

thag-kar ; fareb se ; bile Re ; aiyai-i se. 
Craftiness* n. cb&laki; iJyar!; dag&'b&zT; 

rol'&h-b&zl; fareb-debl; dagal fasal ; birfat. 
Craftsman, n. k&rl-gar; dast-k&r; bunar-mand; 

pesbe-var; abl-i-birfa. 
Crafty, adj. cb&lak; kapti; chbalyft; da^- 

baz; aly&r; fareb! ; fitrat!; mutafanni; 

b!la-baz; failstif; makk&r. 
Crag, n. [Corn, harak, H. tikri peak] karSri; 

ai-ara; tlli; tIkrI. 
Crag, n. 1 . neck, admi kf gardan ; gali. 

2. bber ki gardan. 
Cragged, Craggy* adj. nabamv&r; kbarkbarfL; 

tincba-mcba ; bebar; aybar; ftbar kbibar. 
The craggy mountain. Uhchd niehd ptldr. 

Craggedness, Cragginess, n. nnobUI nicbU; n&- 

bamvari; nasbeb o far&z. 
Cram, n. stuffing, bbarti; basbv. [kboncbni. 
Cram, Y. a. 1. stuff, tbusna; bbarni; gbusepift; 

To cram a room with people. 

Makdn meh ddmiyoh ko fhtihi dend. 




2. fill to repletion, ser k. ; dhap&na ; thtls- 
n&; chhakana; nakon nak bharn&. 

Children would be freeer from diseasoB if tbej 

were not crammed so much as they are by 

fond mothers. Lodee, 

Agar baehekoh ko itnd na JchUdyd jdS jUnd hi 

unki mAeh mdmtd he m&rt ihniki deti haih, to 

woh him4riych ie bahut bctche raheh. 

To cram in one's head. Dimdg yd sir m«& thUmd. 

Crambo, n. tuk-bandi; q&fija-paimai; bait-baz! ; 


Cramp, d. 1. restriction, band; bandhej; 

atkao; ar; rok; qaid. [ba^; tashannuj. 

2. apa$m, maror; ainth; aiDthan; akar- 

The cramp divers nights gripeth him in 

his legs. Sir, T, Mare. [jdti hat, 

Utki tdrigoh mek aktar rdtoh ho aihikan ho 

to have the cramp, aintbnS; aii&than b. ; 
akarna. [rakhna. 

Cramp, v. a. 1. restrain, rokna; aranii; baz 
2. afflict with eramp^ aki-aua; ainth&n&. 
I can laugh, heartily laugh. 
When the gout crampt my joints. Tcrd, 

Main hah9 iaktd hM qahqahd mdr-he, 
Akarte haih gathyd ie axv job mere. F. C. 

Crane, n. 1. (Oi-nith.) saras; kulang; laglag; 
kuuj; kar>kara; ghougla; qraqiil. [dandk. 
2. a machine, damkalft; manjanlk; the^; 
Cranium, n. khopri; kap&l; kasai-sar. 
Cranl, n. 1. (Mech.) dburl kl kaj! jia se 
harakat-i-amQdi se harakat ufaql paida ho 
y& khilaf uske. 2. any bend, yiji; terh; 
mor; khamkliiL 3. twist or turn in speech, 
bat ka pher ya pech. 
Crannied, adj. darz-dar; sbaq-dar; phata- 

hua; darar-para; jhurl-dar. 
Cranny, n, 1. crenicfy darz; daray ; jhirl. 

2. a hole, mckha; chhek; stirakh; rauzan. 

He peeped into every cranny. Arbutknot. 

Wok har ek chhek men te jhdhkd. 

Crape, n. patla kiila kapri; kapar-dhiil ; kataii. 

A saint in crape i« twice a saint in lawn. Pope. 

Kanhaliodle sddhu te makhmal-woUd dngnd 

santjachtd hai. (Bhek se bhik hai. Pro v.) 

Crapula, n. khuraar. 

The drunkard now supinely snorea, 

Uid load of ale sweats through hia pores, 

Yet when he wakei the swine shall find, 

A crapiili remains behind. Cotton. 

Sharabi para auhdha karta hai khudb, 

PaHnoh se tapke hai utke tharab, 

Niishe 8f. woh be-dar hold hai jab, 

Fuqat ek kkumdr usko rahtd hai tab. F. C. 

Crash, n. [H. karkardhat\ dharfika ; karkarahat. 

Crash, v. u. dhardharana ; harharua. 

Crass, adj. iiipat ; nihavat. [rakhm. 

Crasi ignorance. Nihdyat nd-ddni; nipat mu- 

Crater, n. juala-mukhi; dahana-i-kob-i-atish- 
khez, [mur miir k. ; chabana. 

Crannch, v. a. kuram kuram khana ; khutakna ; 
Cravat, n. gulU-band. [iltimas k. ; istida k. 
Crave, v. a. 1 . implore, ardas k. ; iltija k. ; 

To crave pardon. Mnafi chdhna. 

Joseph went in boldly unto Pilate and 

craved the body of Jesus. Mark, xv. 4. 3. 

YUsuf bahdduri se andar ghut gayd, aur 

Masih kl lash se Utijd ki. 

2. long, cbahna ; lal^ k. ; m&ngna ; ti 
The stomach craves food. Pet ko rotl c 
to crave for, bahut bl cbahna; haoka ka 
Craven, n. 1. darpok; bhagora; bi 
(Coward). 2. cock conquered and disp 
gand&, pitiyal aur bhagora murg. 
Craven, adj. dar-pok ; buz-dii (Cowardlj 
But in his mind all other feelings had 
place to a eraven fear for his Ufe. Ma 
Latin jdn ke khaufse aur sab jade u 
meH se bhdg gag. 
Craving, n. hauka; bai*ak; dhun; lHaSi 
Craw, u. pota ; hauslah ; jhoj ; onda. 
Craw-fish) u. jbln^ ; jhlnga machblL 
Crawl, V. n. L creep, ilngna (a worm) 
satua; ghisatvan chalua; sarakna; 
nijoD cbalna ; hath paon pe chalna ; 1 

2. move feebly, gbisatte cbalna; 
ihastab chabia; jdn ki chal chalna; ma 

3. insinuate oneself, chbup-ke ya da 
ghusni; kbisakua; ankh bachS kecha 

crawl about, v. n. ringte phim&. [Art 
He was hardly able to crawl about the 
Wok hamre men phir nahiik sakta thd. 

to crawl as a child or cripple, ghutnijoi 

na ; bath p&on pe chalnSL 
to crawl into favor, ch&pldsl se kisi ki 

ban! hasil k. ; khushEtnad se kisI '. 

men ghar k. 
Crayon, u. [H. kharpd] 1. raugn! khariji 

likhte ya tasvir kbencbte hain. 
2. a crayon drawing or design, 

khariya ki tasvir ya naqsha. 

Craze, V. a. 1. cr^ish, kuchalua; pisna 

cbur k. ; masalii'i ; raged na. 

Till length of years [ 

And sedentary numbness craze my 
Jab burhdpe ne aur zof ne dz'l ko jhaftji 

2. impair f kam-zor k. ; na-tavaii k. ; 

k. ; zaif k. ; bal ya taqat ghataua. 
Grief h 4th crazed my wits. 
Ranj se mcri aql khabt ho goi hai. 

3. make crazy y baola ya siri banana 
rana ; pagal k. ; divana ban'ma ; saud 

Craziness, n. 1. weakness, nir-balta; a- 

bodgai; na-taqtl; na-tavani; naqfihal 

raara-pan. 2. (of irddlect) baolapan ; i 

khalal-i-dinmg. [j'^i^^uga.; j 

Crazy, adj. I. shattered, 1 11^,0. ; jhoj ra ; shik 

They witli difficulty g;ot a crazy boat to tal 

to the island. Jrffrry. Barl muthkil 4 

ek tfde phftte kishti tdpil men jane ko w 

2. mad, pagal ; baola ; pagla ; d 

havas-biikhtah ; saudai. 

Creak, v. n.kirkirana; chanivna; charch 

chun chun k. ; chikhna; gharrana; 


Creaking hinges. Chfin chvh karte qabi 

Creaking shoes. Char char kartijtVy&i 

Cream, n. 1. oily substance inalal; balai; ( 

2. best part, lutf; tuifab ; tohfah; jt 

sat ; jan ; rub ; asl ; liib-i-lubab ; itr ; t 

The cream of jest, Latife kd UUf yd tub- 

The cream of the joke is. Turf a yek hai 

CRE 151 

Gream, v.a. 1. ddm, malaiuUlrna; QparsechhalnS. 

2. to take the best part of, sat y& itr nikal- 
ni ; lubb-i-lub&b lena ; malai atar len&. 

Craam-cheese, n. nialai ka pauir. 

Cream-colored, adj. malai k§ rang. 

eream-eolored horses, nuqre y& sabze gbore. 

Cream-faoed, adj. p!l&; zard-ril; dar-pok; 

safiiid-raAg; buz-dila. 

Tbe deTil damn thee black, thou cream-faced k>om ! 

Shak. Macbeth, v. 3. 
Ai darpok hadmlbh, KhvM iera kdld mUhh karef 

Creamj, adj. 1. malal-dlu'; malal-sa. 

There each trim lasa that ikims the milky 
store, [CoUinM. 

To the swart tribes their creamy bowls allots. 
SejlU rahgUi nai gorydA, 

MatSi utdre haihjo dUdh ic, 
Salome eahvaryoh io haih detiydn, 

Mal^i he apne took pydle bhare. F. C. 

3. unetuoue, malai-s% ; malal-jai8& ; chlknl 


LiDes of creamy spray. Maldl-aejhdg H dJidreh. 
Tour creamy words but cozen. Beau and Yh 
Timk&H chiknX ckupri bateh dhohd deti hain. 

Crease, n. [H. churas] chunnat ; salvat ; gunjlak ; 

riiikau; chin; justah; churas. 
Crease, v. a. toraa; gunjlak dElna; shikan 

dilni ; justah ya churas dalna. [make.] 

Create, t. a. [Lat creare, Skr. kri, H. kar 

1. bring into being, banaua ; utpan k. ; up- 
)fxA\ rachua; birachna; paida k. ; sirajna; 
(ad k. 2. produce, pesb k. ; paida k. ; hazir k. 

Your eye in Scotland 
Would create soldiers, and make women 
fight. ShtJc, Macbeth, iy. 0. 

IdMand men khdtl terl ihujd nigilh, 
Kar degi murd aural dono ka woh 8ip&h. F. C. 

3. comtitute, khara k. ; bananl. ; asthapan 
k. ; taiyun k. ; muqarrar k. 

To ereati an office. Mahkamah iholnd. 
To create a peer. Amir kd khitdb dend; navHb 
yd thdkur bandnd, [paidftish. 

CieatUmy n. 1. ^ act, utpan; utpattS; 

2. eonstiitUimh, asthapan ; istiqrar ; taiyun. 
A peer of rece»t creaiion. Nayd navdb. 

3. thinge created, khalqat ; kbalq ; ; khalq- 
ullah; makhluq; char aehar; duuya; 
srishti; hasti; kaenat; alam-i-kaun o fasad. 

CreatiVe, adj. paida karne-vala ; raoht& ; Ijad 

yft kbalq kanie-vala ; m&jid ; kh'iliq. 
Creative power. Quwat-i-mf^jidah, 
Ckeaior, n. [H. ibrfdr.] kartar ; karta ; srisht- 

kartft; srisht-rachta; bidhnS; bidhata; 

birfama ; paida karne-vala ; paida-kunindah ; 

khiliq; rachti; sarjan-h5r; afrinindah. 
(keatnre, n. 1. ani^ thing created, paidayash. 

2. animal, jiv ; janvar ; haivan ; klra ;. char. 

3. man, manush ; pitrush ; khalq ; makh- 
Itlq; maldilQq&t ; in3in ; basbar. 4. (CofUcmp.) 

kg; mardua; mardak; bharvft. 
What a poor ereaturt ho looks ! 
Kmedgtvib ddmi dikhdi detd kai / 

6. {Mndearment} nanoa; munua; munyi; 

naivt; baoheha; iota. 


6. tervile dependent, banda; par-&dhlu; 

gulam; parvardah; khadim; pichhlagQ; 

ayurdah ; namak-parvardah ; khanab-zad. 

Hoping that he would continue in an entire 

dependence on him and be his creature, 

Burnet. li ummtd ae ki woh uikd namak- 

khuir our khddim hand rahegd. 

a rational cr^«fwr< buddhT-jat; baiTan-i-natiq; 

in»an; adamzlUl; manusb. {jph) rational 

creatures, zavi-ul-uqtll. 
an irrational creature, haivan-i-nmtlaq ; janvar; 

pashQ. (pL) irrati'^nal creatures, gair-zavi- 

ul uqQl. 
erea^^tre coTTi^r^, acbcbha.khana pina; kabab 

roll ; hal va ptiri ; perl ; lazl2 khana ; tar mal ; 

khir kbfij^d. [saLkh; pat; nisbchae; yaqln. 
Credenee, n. belief, bisvas; etebar; etiqad; 
Hia story obtained a willing credence. 
Utkl Lahdni kd sab nt khushf se etebdr kar Uy^, 

Credendim^ n. aqayad. [khusb-eteq&d. 

Credent, adj. motaqid ; motamid ; mustanad ; 

Then weigh what loss your honour may 
sustain. [Shak. Hamlet, i. 3. 

If with too credent ear your list 'his songs. 

Lnge ddg izzat men, socho 101% 

Phisal ttski bdtoh pe gar jdogi. F. C. 

Credentials, n. partic-patr; sanad; vaaiqa; 
vakalat-namab ; mukht&r-nama. 

He presented his credentials to the court. 
Usne apnl asndd adahU men pesh k%k. 

Credibility, Crediblenesa, n. bisvas^ partit; 
sakh ; etebar ; aqldat ; tayaqqjiim. 

The crediHllty of a witness: Etebdr-ishahddat. 
Credible, adj. partit- jog; parmaiv-yog; oi&nne- 

jog; par-mannk; qabil-i-etebar; motabar. 
Credit, n. 1. belief, bisvas; partit; patiyaril; 
mantil; bat; etebar; nisbchae; yaqiu. 

When the people heard these words gavB- no 
credit unto them, uor received them. 

1 MaccaUeSy z. 46. 
Jab logon ne yeh bdten n^/ti/t to unhoh ne kuchh 
etebar na kiyd aw kuchh na mSnd. 

2. reputation, pat; sakii; m&n; partit; 
bbaram; abru; burmat; izzat. 

Credit lost is a Venice-glass broken. Prov. 

8dkh aur shUhd, Wtd jahdh tiitd. 

iAbrH moti ki si dbhai.) 

Credit is better than ill-won gear. ProY. 

JaS lakh, rahe $dkh, Prov. 

3. lo%n, rin; udbar; qarz; ugahi; yaflani; 
p&na; lena. 4. (Bookkeeping) Opp, of debit, 
iLi;amad; jama; vusal; mujr&. 

a letter of credit, bisbvas-patr; sufirshi 

chitthi : otebari chitthi. 
destroy credit, sakh men battS ]ag&D&; ^kh 

bi^im; bat bigarna ; hava nkharna. 
on credit, udhar; qarz; rin; paincha; wSm. 
public credit, sarkar ki sakh ;etebarl gavarmint 

lot. [dena. 

to carry^ to credit, jam& k. ; dakhil k. ; mujre 
to claim to credit, muji^ ya chhat cb&hn&; 

mujral ka dava k. 
to exceed amount at credit, kh&nab-i-jam& se 

ba^b j&na; fasil houa ya nikalna; b&qi 

^zil nikalnft. 




to havi mit eradit at ttaht, aikh jokhon men 

pafDi; pagri atakni. [havi ukhfiriii. i 

to ioM credit, sakli khona, yS jitia; bit bigaraa ; | 
lo rietim ertiiit, vasil yi mujre pana; jami 

bona ; jaraH likhoa yi k. 
Credit, V. a. 1. believe, patiyanl; partit k. ; 

biavis k.; aftchjanni.; etebir k,; mslicha 

k.; jaqia k. ; maniii; bharoBa k. 

How ahall tliaj ci-td,t 

A poi>7 iiDlennied vitgia T Sh/ik. AlVt taeU. 1. 3. 

Taifih kit tarak unko i jiUgi 

Sadrigara, aur nidin kd f F. C. [kami. 

S. (in aecoiinti) jami k. y& likhid; iS 

3. iw^ibeto, laganS; mansabb.; tidluq k. 

CnditabLo, a^j. aohchha; khasi; qabil-i-ukf; 

kirat-jog; parBhaiiaha-jog. 
Creditably, adv. aobcbha; achobhl tarah ; 

khubise; ba-klinbl. 

Creditor, n. dhnnl; malik; byoMri; 85h; 

biiuhi^; qan-khu4h; len^dfir; qarz'dibanda; 

(tide of an accounC) jarai, [ProT. 

CrfdUon hivi better matanriM thui debtor*. 

Len-ddrki ySd-datht dai-dir n tigadak Sail ial. 

Credits, n. [A. qan] pt. pini; jlftatii; aar-i- 

ylftani; ruqQinatjama; ailb&r; ugahi, 

CrediU kuri debiu. 

Jama thareh ; Aaidanl b iAareft. 

Crftdnlity, a, bhola-paa; BMla-dill; B&da-pan; 

Badgi; sidha-paa ; sarl-ul-eteqnd!. [ul-eteq&d. 
Creduloiu, adj. bhoU; sidha-^da; B&da;aar[- 
Creed, n. dharm; din; mazbab; mat; (Mnh.) 

kalmah; aqidah. [kol, 

Creek, n. [A. S. crecea, H. khSri] kk&rf ; khallj ; 
Creep, v. n. [Swed. h-ek, H. kira a reptile] 
1. eravd, ringiiS; pet ke bnl chains 

(Crawl). 2. moot ilowly, eahj aahj cha]D&; 

haule haule y& dbime dbime chalnt; jDA kl 

ch&L chaluA; mare mare jiid. 

Th« whlniDf; uboolboy erttping, liksanmil, 

UnwUiiDgly tOMhool. Sltalc. Atynnliie ii.u.1 

Tifi-i-maktab kai madrait jsid 

MahK ttt^aihae aakjSi h chall F. C. 

to creep in, gbnsnS ; barni ; andar jiiil ; 
dbaanft ; dilkhil h. ; dabaknS ; ohhupn& ; 
dhakna; paitbni. 

To eriep uitu • ret's hole, 

Ckahi ttlnlnufi g/iatna. 

to ereep oat, dabak ke nikalni; Bukar-ka 

nikaluK; nikal Siia. 
Creeper, D. \. asy ereeping t!i!n7, ringne-rtii 

kir& 2. flant, bel ; kti ; lattar. 
Creep-hole, u. 1. !u>le, ebbed; bit; bil&; 

fiurakb ; m^hna ; rauzaa. 2. a» ejeetue, 

hila; dbakosll- mis; bithana. 
foMpingif, ailT. ringte-hue; jBA kl cidl; 

marl chal se ; ahiata ; oaliaj meA. 
Cieeplng-taingj, n. kire makore ; hln pataAge; 

jia jftata ; hiiabrit-ul-ari. 
Crema'ioa, n. [Lat. earbi, H. ioild coal], dih- 

kann; miirdnb jalaui; murde ko dag deiii, 
Cremona, a ek umdah airangi jo shahr Itif 

meA bantl bah 

Oiviiated, Crenate, Crenelled, adj. [Lat. erena, 
ti.khoneh, a notcb] dauduDe-dfir; dantllft; 

Crenelated, adj. kaiigoie-diir. 

CrtnelatBi valla. EangBrt-dSr iivireh. 

Creasote, o. patla raugaii-i-t&r. [to rattle] 

Crepitatioa, n. [Lat. erepare, U. Jcharkhardni, 
karkar^at ; ohar char ; charuharahat- 

Crescondo, a. (i/ur.) ohafiita bua aur; tillani. 

Crescent, n. 1. duj ka ubiuid; liilaj; nami; 
mah-i-nati; (temilvnar) bridhm&n ; n&l-ai; 
%ihi ch&nd; ardh-chandr. 2. the entign of 
the Turki, Riimi yi. muaaimiLnon k& jbandl. 

Ebca the d»ja of the prrrgihet tha ercKnl 

A chie(>ver glorious u AJl Ptohl. Bj/rm 

Alain ne Nabi ke tatnSne h koi 

A'a dekhd /alihmand jaM AH. V. C. 

CresB, Cresaes, n. tarH-tezak ; halim ; cbanaur. 
Cresset, n. ikaal dija; Hhami; masbal; 

Creit, n. [A S. ercUta, H. ht]. 

l.aru/(,jbund; giiobchliii; chonda; kalgf; 

turra; cboti; cbuti; chutt^ 

2. plume of feat/ieri, etc. worn on aMmel, 
paron k& turra yi kalgi; t&j; kea. 

Stooping low bit luftjr enu. W. Swt. 

Bajaiidiatgi ko apni vok jhiiid-iiir. 

And on bis hewl there atnod uprigtit 

A eraf in token of a knigbt. Ottttr 

Sir kt tjar Ikd AdM li. 

Turrah uiti in^^ral id. T. C 

3. feathert like top of a wave, par jaisl lahr. 
Like wire with enl of sparkling foios. W. SeM. 
Lahar ti tarah jiile cliamakU jkdgak K kaljl 

4. the helm or heAd, epirit, courage, joih-i. 
dil; birti; bahiduri; jaTaD-mardl. 

ereet of a eoek, t&j-i-kburOa ; kea ; kalgl. 
ereet of a tnaht, pfaan ; choud& ; chQi-a ; kafobi. 
Crest, V. a. air y% ohotl par boui; topi 

'Hid groTM of fliouda that erttt tbe utntti- 

tMD'g brow. Wordivorlh. [rota hai». 

Qkan^hor bddaloik mm ja parbat pe dUd 

^rested, adj. kalgi-dSr; tuire-dir; kes-iUr; 

phaiil; plinniliikafcha-dar. (5o(.)guppbtiRc. 
Crest-fallen, adj. airjhukilf, ear-iiag&n; dim- 

dab%«; kan-dabaS; iiar olche klye; man- 

nilire; himmat hS^ra bua ; tute-dij. 
Cretaceous, adj. [Lat. crrta, U.'khariya chalk] 

Icbariya matti ki qiam ku; kbnriya matU-kL 
Cretic,' u. {Froi.) {——) mgati'; (ailuiiV 
CreYioe, n. [H. iarak ci-ack] tarer; darir; 

dori; aiirakb; shi^f; rauzan; daref. 

Behind thr moMsring wainBcot tbrieked. 
Or fruni the ermci peered about. TrntfOK, 
ChUha pui-6nt takktck ke pUMe tiS ioUd, 
ra chilli mth K apnt woA bihar liojkSAkta. ?. C. 

Crew, n, [0, Eng. erw, 0. Icel h-u, gru, gnii, 
Per. ^troA a multitude]. 1. a company of 
people, jatliS; mandll; girob ; jamaat ; (i* 
a bad lente,) k&g&-raul; atltj-ruhaa; bhlc 




bhir; shaianl lashkar. 2. teamenf mall&h; 
niajhi; khevatyi; khWa!y&. [Dryden. 

The ancbora dropped his crew the YeaseU moor 
Lakgar dd'd aur malUkoh ne htMhti baikdki. 
CHI^ii. 1. mangeVy khor; khurli; charan. 

The steer «od lion at one crib shall meet. Pop€, 

OM mmr iker ek kkor mtk kkdihge, 

iflher, bakri ek gk6i pani pUe kaih, Pror.) 

3. $taUf than ; bath&n ; kharak. [mA 
Where no oxen are the crib is clean. Preverbt 
Ji» tkdn meh dkor nakih wakdh gkor nakih, 

3. o imail enclosfd bedstead fur a tkild^ 
khatola; p&ln&; khatoli; pirh&. 

4. a box for itoring grain, etc. nind; 
kIktdK ; kathri ; kotbl. 

5. a hui, jhonp^; kut!; jhonpfi. 

Why rather, sleep, Ueit thou in smoky erAs 
Upon uneasy pallets stretching thee. 
Than in the perfumed chambers of the greatf 

Skak. Henry IV. Pi, ii. iii. 1. 
fV, oM nlA(i, kyok jkohproh meh rake 
naraire jhilakgoh pe t&ngeh p€uSr, 
Aw^roh ke kamroh makaktoh ko ekkor f F. C. 

6. (Col.) imtih&n kl kit&b, jaise TOn&nl, 
LUInl, Atabi, y& Sanskrit. 

Clibi y. a. 1. band k.; mondni; bhe^nft; 
dafbe met dilni. 

Cabined, mU<«i, eonfined. SkeJt, MaAetk, fSL 4. 
Muqaiyad, band amr baiiak, 

2. pU/eVf ohurUn^; alae k.; bach&ni; kh&n&. 
QiUkf n. [H. harak crack] kisi iz& k& akay 

jftni; ainthan; jo^^-ainthan; ta8hannuj-i-&z& ; 

murak; loichak. 
Cddnt, D. the tiiMdyJbingar; ghnrghori. 

The eritket chirps a ion the hearth. 
Jkikgtur jkikgdre ekiUke kindre. 

Odeketi n. [A. S« erice, crooked staff, Skr. 

krifd game] the game, gehd balli; goih 

ehaogin; gend balle k& kheL 
Sail, gend balle ki gend. 
ground, gend balle k& maidin. 
trkkei match, gend balle ki jor. 
Crkr, Crjer, n. 1. {of a court) pak&me-vi1&; 

gul band kame-T&i&; naqib. 

2. {one vfho calU Mahamedans to prayere,) 

mnasiin ; bi&g dene-vala ; muUi. 
Unm-ener, dhandorcbl ; dha^doryi. 
Cttui, n. [A.jurm]. 1. gross offence, p&p; 

afiriidh; augan; khot; adharm; gunah; 

do6h« 2. (Law) jurm ; kbilaf varzl-i-q&nlln. 
tofdial crime, jurm-i-kabirah ; jurm q&bil-i- 

heinous crime, jnrm-i-qab!h. 
serums crime, jurm-i-aaiigiQ ; jurm-i-shadld. [k. 
is perpeiraie a crime, jurm kami; irtikftb jurim 
Cdmbul,adj. I. contrary to right, adharm; 

beg&; n&-j&yas; fasidL 2. guiltp, taqsir* 

fir; gnnah-g&r; p&pi; apridhi; mujrim; 

■rajrim&oah; lA Z.not civil, fauj-d&r1*k&. 
sriminml act, fel-i-kbil&f-i-qanan; fel-i-n&- 

^jai; fel-i-mnjrim&nah. 
criminal conversation, crimrcon, ch&m-ohorl; 

Mitf4Ai{; jiri Hurm k. 

t^dom crwwiiwrf get, jntm lA mortakib honi; 

Ciiminali n. pipl; apr&dbi; doshi; ganih- 
gir; taqsir-Y&r; mujrim; isi; bad-k&r. 

Cfriminalt are punished that others may be 
amended. Prov. Mufrimoh ho oMroh ki ibraS 
ke vdtte eaxH di jm hai 

Criminality, n. p&p; aprftdh; dosh; gunah- 

gid; misiyat. 

Crindnate, v. a. dosh lag&nft ; ilz&m dham& yft 

lagana; mftkhUz k.; illat lag&n&; mujrim 


criminate one's self, ftp ko mujrim banftoft ; ftp 

mftkbdz h. ; mOjib-i-jurm h. ; mujrim baunft. 

The dependant la not bound to eriminats 

Par-ddkin fie mujrim bannd fart nahlk Aof . 

Crimination, n. ittehftm-i-jurm; ilsftm-i-jurm ; 

Criminatory, n. ilUUn-dah; mutasammin-ul- 

Crimp, adj. bhurbhurft; karftrft; murmurl; 

maraknft; ka^raknft; phusphudl; phnskft; 

Crimple, v. a. sukepift; aiMhnft. 
Crimson, n. [H. hiramfl, A. gtrmts, Skr. 

krimi a worm] qirmis; hiramjl; hiramjal. 
Crimson, adj. sOhft; Iftl; surkh; qirmizi; 

argyani; Iftlftgtii^. 

He turned crimson, UM ckekrd UU ko gayd. 
Beauty's ensign yet, [and Juliet, t. 3. 

Is crimson in thy lips and ehe^. Skak. Romeo 
AbM kusn kd haigd tere niskdnj 
Ki rv^ksdr o lub par kai turkki aydk. F. C. 
Cringe, t. a. khenchna ; tftnnft. 
Cringe, t. n. sukachna; ajizi se nivuS yft 
jhuknft; lajajat 11 ; samajat k. ; kbftyft- 
bardari k. ; tamalluq k. ; khusye sailftnft. 
CringOi n. dandvat; qadam-bo(^; farrilshi 


Far from me 
Be fawning cringe I PkUips. 

Pake ckdplfiBl sadd mujk se dUf / 

Cringeling, a cringing fellow, n. ch&plfis; 

kbushftmdf; khushftmdi tattii; chapar-qanft- 

tiyft ; farrftshi salftoi kame-valft. 
Crinkle, v. a lapetnft; ainthna; jhurri shikan 

churas, ya justah dftluft. 
Crinkle, n. lapet; pech; bal; shikan; chin; 

jhurri; churas; justah. [pi^gal- 

Cripple, n. loin; ektaA^; lunja; ap&haj; 
Cripple, Y. a. 1. lame, iQlft k. ; lunjft k. ; laftgril 

k.; P&0& kfttnft; tft&g tornft; apfthaj k.; 

be-dast o pft k. ; hftth qalam k. ; bekftr k. 
2. disable, nir-bal k. ; kam-zor k. ; bebas k. 
His means were eripjied. Uekl dmdan\ gkat gai. 
Crisis, n. I. critical moment^ nftzuk vaqt; 

jokboA yft dubdhft kft yaqt; ftsmftish ki 

Taqt ; m&rke kft Taqt. 

This hour*8 the very crisis of your lsta.2)nrc{cii. 
It gkari tere nasUfS ki dsmdisk^kai. 
Crisp, Cnspy, adj. [H. karard] 1. curlg, jhurri* 

dftr; bal-dftr; pech-d&r. 2. brittle, karftrft; 

kurknii; kafaknft; bhurbhurft; murmur!; 

khastah; phuska; phusphusft. 
crispy cake, pftpa?; papfi; khikxl; tunkL 


Criip, V. ft. rnaroTDi; marorl deiA; niamornl; 

niachornii jhuni dalnil; ainthni; batulj 

bhUijuS; pecliUh d. 
Criterion, a. knsauUi j&Auh; tn&hki-imtih&D; 

piLicliliia; cliiiih; tul. 
CndB, II. 1. daqiqi-Baiij ; barlk-ljin; nuklah- 

tuiij; DuktAh-ilIn ; BukliaD-chm; muhai]qiq. 
'2. ravilltr, nukta-cliin ; mQ-shigif j kiiur- 

da-i)Iii; khiirda*^Ir; hArf-gli-. 

Wluil tliicka ol eritia hover bera lo-iUy, 
A»viillurB« wiiit iinanny for thuir prej.Orfcttn. 
Mahdli rsAt kaik tUne yA kkurdi-glr itjA, 
ImlibiT mtii UUe kaVijthgidiapnMliiaiS.F.C. 
Critical, adj. 1. hamng the skill to judffa, 
iln<)ti|a-imnj j&ehiii&s; BShib-i-tamis; tiliiiia- 
■i; miitnrilyii. 3. mes, barik; rliujiq; nuiik. 
3. O'lptioiu, nuktAh-oliii'i; kliurdii-b!n j 
kliurdi<gTr ; hurf-jjlr. i. rtlating to eritteitlA, 
niutSolliq ba-dac{i4a-s))iuMi. 

i, dangeiant, jokhon-kS; khntar-oak. 
q( a «->V(ca/ fintr', iiazuk vaqt meii) taut jiar; 

sin va<jt par. 
Criticiie, v. a. husn o quiwh baULu&; rU 
dea& ya likhuii; taqrlz llkluiK. 

To criticiit Ka fiutbor. 

A'iti BiFHainj/ par nW dtai. 

Kitl fa Win y4 Iflur ttrtqt jwr apnt m dtni. 
Crltioiie. v. n, point out favlU, girift k. ; aib 

tiikSlnli ]>a baUina; nuktah-ohliii k. ; nila 

meVli nilUiliiil; kliiirdIL pakariia. 
Criticism) d. 1- critie"l txaminatimi, daqifjiv 

HbitiAist; daqiqa-sauji ; liusn o qiibab kl 

daryaft. 2. ammadvertion, nuktahchlui ; 

harffilrl; khurda-glr!, 

Ti) ^»n B ■eiere (rid'innii an a work, [batdnt. 
Ki*l kilAb ka lakhU ki iS(k aih nikalnd ]/i 

Critique, u. taqrlz ; kiai tasiilf ke boan o quiiah 

ke biib meii mazmilu. 
Croak, v. n. [H. Intrak, clack, as a ben.] 

1. vudee a hoarse lout noise, ghHii ghQn k. ; 

ghar-ghQhfc. ; ta7taiik.;tar tark, ; kurkur 

k. 3. mui-mur, taf tar k. ; tarracA; ba^ ba^ 

k. ; barbarttia; murmufiui. [pet bolnft. 
«roai: as (he beUy, qartqur k. ; pet garbn; k. ; 
Croak, n. kufkiiAbat; ta^ Uu^; tafta^abat; 

bnf bar; bnibajihat. 
Croaker, n. baU kl peiibln-gotkanie-vals; tar- 

tafjS; bnj-baryi; kal-jibbhi.(y''ora pitcher] 
Crockery, ii.[a. lat^S hard, E.crocf, G. iit^.H. 

obiiil ke bartan; Biirtlf-i-cliini. 
Crocodile, n. [H. jrA^yi^'l »»«*'■; ghariySi; 

majiftr-mai-hb ; giiuli ; iiiliaiig. 
Crocodile, ailj. ghatiyal-Ba; ghariyal ke muafiq. 
croaxlUi tsari, bhagll m*yi;kath-roiiii; gurba.. 

rabmi (eii'* merq/.) ; tasva ; phaphar dalale. 
Crociu, n. (A. karkum, Skr. kiatkuma] ek qiam 

kil pniid&. 
Croft, n. [Lat. crypto, Ital. gruptS, H. gvpM a 

cave, Bkr, gvji hidden] kanla; khet jo 

makilnko&gcyaRiuttasiI ho; bari ; chtuoan. 
Cromlecll, n. Utb ; mialir; ttiamb. 


Crone, n. (Gaeb. erioti, dry, H. kard, hard, 

Irish erion to wither] dhaddo; khapjAt; 

dukij; burhi; pir-zal ; tarkbal. 
Crony, n. kiigotiyft'yar ; puriiia dost; dugfiiii; 

y&r-i-^; zunakhL. 
Crook, n. [li. iliran, P. h<v oblique.] l.&fTx/.k-ajI; 

tL-rh; kbam; vaor; b^l; peoh. 3. ntajider, 

bauk; pher; gbnmao; chakkar. 

Tiiere fall tboee wphire colon m] bronka, 
Wliish, eonduit-liko, with ourioua croakt, 
, Bteet islindi make in that unset Ikud. Sidiuf, 
Wahitn girU hiiili tiit-gCn aaddii/ah, 
Ajab her fhirok te vtklali^Si, 
SaMni joilrt bana, dtligdA. P. C. 

%. an irulTitmeat bent <ti the end, iakas; 
Uikra; takntiya. 

The sbepherd's eraak. OaJaryt id aUrrS. 

i. Iriei, hila ; chhal ; Jul ; farob ; chal ; fan. 
byhookori>!ieraik,W\eiia\\ tau ke; joD toi 

kar-ke; tau^ tiiniiil ee. 
Crook, T. a. 1. betid, tcrhii h. ; Inchaua; lach- 
kaiii; kbatn deoa; kbamida k.; jhuk&al; 

Why «hoiiia the pp"r be fluttered 
No I let the cundtrd toti^e lick K^iiMrcl pomp 
And enwl- the pisgnant liing« of <b* kiiea 
W bum thrift ma; fulUin fiimiiig, SkakJIaialttM. i. 
Ua/ii b cI-dplBwl khutht^ad kvt. to kyoht 
fiiUriit zabaSi U cArllyi daulat ke gar kO, 
OKulnon ko apnt iiinitw aiie li mar Ht; 
JMi UtKikHmadiA u mile Hm tor manoh. F. C 

2. pervert, phemS; palatni; ulatai. 

Ha eroakah them to hi) own mvla, Batn. 

Wok uiiJu apnt natlab ki fur/ p3u\'td hoL 
Crook, V. II. jhukna; teiha bona; lachakni; 

iachna; kbatn kb£ii&; kbamirlah hoD&. 
Crookbacked, adj. kubt^; kiibjS; khan^ab- 

piiaht; kasa-puabt. 
Crooked, adj. terhi; tcrha-biBtei ; terhi-berhl; 
torh-baiika; kaj ; khani-dar; khamldah; 
bin^; bal-dnr; aagash-bangaeh. 

Crookfd \ij uatnra U neivriuiidg str^lit hj 

odiUMtion, Pro'. 

Jaamll(rK%HAaiparhoiu.t(il}>l»ahli ha taiti. 

{Taebiat-aiahlTachuh gWdgii bar gvmbii 

att. ProT, To tpouh a bnor U u bopelaa > 

tuk oa to Tu a ball on ■ dome). 

a crooked aiuieer, terba javab. 

Crookedly, ads. terbi; kaji ae; khamidgi sfr, 

Crookednesa, n, 1. iiifieetiOH, (erh ; tcrli-pitii ; 

kaj I. (liad-shakli. 

2. deformity of ba^ly, kiib; lia-dauli; 

3. perversentsty mutshlai; kaj-ravl; lid; 
hat; magripaii. 

Oootfrfneu o£ digpositioB. TaM^t H kajt. 

Crook-necked, adj . Urht gardan ka; kaj-gardao. 

Crook-kneed, adj. bamdii. 

Cup, II. 1. crata, pota ; oudii ; bauslah. 3, tht 

lop. chot?; sin; phulang; sikhar; kidgL 
S. harvest, Dky, aim; anaj; gallah; faal; 

B&kh; paidli'wari; jins; khetl 

The crop failed. Kktti joU rohl. 

crop eiit and slacked, lauk. 
afirst-ral^ crop.i'iua kamil ya nla; jins aTval; 
aTval qiwn ki paidi-w&r. 0. G. 

9^ the eropi have been cut and carried. Q. G. 
I fi»l ke k&tne aiir uth&ne ke b&d. 
a ffood crop, achchhi fksal ja 8&kh. 
a eeUlement relative to the crop, 0. G. 

band o bast-i-jins-war. 
wiuimnal crop, kitkl ; kharif ; saoni. 
failure of a crop^ bur! fasl ; marl sakh. 
neck and crop, B&r& ; bil-kul ; badu& bory^. 
H« WM tamed out neck and crop. 
Utko gardanl de-ke nikdl diyd. 
tkaidingcrop, khan khetl; kftsht-i-istadah. 
(0 cut the crop, nij k&taa ; katiT k. ; l&on! k. ; 

l&i k. ; khet k&tni. * 
k WMlch the etanding crop, rakhv&ll k. 
nhuUian of etanding crop, kauhal; kankilt. 
ferwd crop, ohaitl; rabi; as&rhi. 
Crop, V. a. \, cutoff t/te ende, )sktxA ; katarnft ; 

^bantnft; tarftshni; ui^a; to^na; noohu&; 

qalam k. 

A olosely cropped head of hair. Thackeray, 
Ohol mofeir, 

8. eatue to bear a crop, khetl kar&n&; 
mevah utarnfi; s&kh k.; ub&D&; ug&a&. 
Crop-eared, a4]. kan-katft; bach&; gosh-buridah. 
Crop-ftil, adj. agh&y&; ser; bhar-pet; bhar- 

pfir; aphr&-hu&; aghaja y& chhaki hu&. 
Crep out, V. n. dikh&i d.; nikal &ua; prakiLsh 
h. ; 2&bir hoD& ; rausban h. 

The truth (or secret) cropped out. 
Bked khul gayd. Mde t&kir ho gayd. 

Crop-sick, adj. adhik bhojau-rogf; bim&r jo 

siy&d& kb&ne pine se ho. 
Croder, d. bare l&t p&drl ks as&. 
CroMr n. \. a gibbet, bM; ohalipE; cbauparft; 

aalfb; qaii&ohl; ph&nsi. 2, affliction, bipt&; 

dukh; saakat; bala; afkt; musibat; hadisa; 

^bibat; takilf; azlat; kasala; kasht. 

Cronee are ladders to heaven. ProY. 

Kathi haikanth kl natainl hai, 
3. line drawn through another ( + ), &|1 
nish&n ; satji. 4. ensign of the Christian 
religion, Isai mazhab ka nishan; salib. 

The cnoM on his breast, and the devil in 

his heart. Prov. Hfith tumarni, pet kataml, 

5. Chrietian doctrine, Isai mazhab; aqidab- 

i-dfn-i-isvi; nasaiil. 6. (Arch.) monument or 

ornament in the form of a cross, ire 

oigban kft y& is nip k& maqbari ( + ). 

She doth stray about, 
Bj holy crosses where she kneels and prays, 

8kak. Merchant of Fentce, ▼. 1. 
Dair o girjd men tooh tojaH hai, 
Sir ibddat men woh jhukdti hai. F. C. 

7. money stamped with a cross, galib-d&r 
•ikk&; sikka-i-salibl. 
S, (surveying) n&pne k& &1&- 
9. mixing of breeds, do naslon k& mel ; 
da-nasU-pan; dogli-pan; paivand; jor. 
The mule is a eras between the male ass 

and the mare. 
Ohori aur gadhs ks md se khaehehar hand hai. 
emd pile, obit pat; ulti sldhl; sber 

Oreus I yan, and pile you lose. Swifi, 

CkU hhi eierl, jMf hhi nMrf. 

to take up the cross, Isa ke nam j& liye dukb 
jbelna; biptabbogna; sankat nthani; gam 
ya taklif bardasht k. ; kasala sahn&. 

Cross, adj. 1. transverse, arfl; tirchba; baiik&. 
A corn-piece. Ard tukrd. 

2. adverse, ulta; aundha;. bar-aks; n&- 
Baz; mukh&lif; an-mel. [so ctom, 

We are both love's captives, but with fates 

One must be happy by the other's loss.i>ry(]{en. 

Jfue dono ham ithq men mubtald; 

fVale hai nasibah kuchh aiad burd, 

Ki ek khush ho gar dSsrd ho /and. F. C. 

3. perverse, hatti; sarkash; machli; 
ziddi; magr& 

i. peevish, ohirchir^ ; karya; talkb; bad- 
mi^j; chirilnd&; tuuak-mizSj; runakkhS. 

What makes you so croM f 
Tum aise ehifehire kyoh ho t 
6. unfortunate, abhagi; bad-bakht; kamr 
bakht; Ibad-nasib; nest; manbfls. 
A ero§8 fortune. Ahhdg, huri qitmoL 
cross-breed, mill biii nasi; paivaudf; dogla. 
Cross, y. a. 1. to put across, tkfk yK tirohb& 

To crost swords. Hdth mildnd. 

2. draw a line across, katua; qalam pher- 
n&; qalam khenchna. [kdtu. 

Tou do not cross your fs. Tum apne ft nahih 

3. ftrike out, katua; chhekna; qalam 
khenchni ya pberni ; lakir khenchna. 

4. mnke the sign of tlie cross upon, salib 
ka nishan bananft ; 8aty& k^rhQi. 

5. pass over, p&r jan& ; utarna ; ullUignE ; 
l&oghnii; ubtlr k. 

To a*oi$ a river, Daryd pdr jdnd ; pdydb ntamd. 

6. cause to interbreed, du-nasla k. ; dogl& 
k. ; jam inil&na ; nasi miliini ; paivand d. 

7. thwart, &r k. ; khilaf k.; k&tnSi; cbhek- 
n& ; tor k. ; birtha k. ; ak&rat kl ; muz&ba* 
mat k. ; mine bona. 

In each thing give him way, cross him in 
nothing. SfuUc. Antony nnd Cleopatra. 1. S. 
ffarek bdt utH mdno, koi utkl bdt mat kdio. 

cross question, saT&l-dar-sawal k. ; say&lftt-i- 

jii-abk. ; chh&nn&; cbh&u bin k.; her pher- 

ke puchhna. 
I cross questions, ulat pber ke saval ; saval-dar- 

savai; savalat-i-jirab. 

Cross questions and crooked answers. 
Jirah ke savnl aur terhefavdh. 
Cross-bite, n. dhok&; jul*; bal&; butta; batolil; 

fareb. See Cheat. 
Cross-bite, v. a. dhoka d. ; jul d. ; b&la batina; 

batola dena ; fareb dena. 
Cross-bow, n. ftil kam^n. [nasla k. 

Cross-breeding, Crossing, n. dogl& y& du- 
Cross-cnt, n. Sir k& r&sta ; nazdik kk riuita. 
Cross-demand, n. ulta dbara, ya dawa; dSwe 

ke muq&ble men d&wa; uzr-darL 
Cross-exainination, n. sav&l-dar-saval ; saval&t- 

i-jirah; ulUl saval. 
Cross examination, v. a. saval-dar-sav^l k. ; 

sav&l&t-i-tardid k. ; jirah ke sav&l k. ; pher- 
. ph&r ke pQcbhn& 

CRO 1 

CroM-An, n. iri \Aj; Ljrcl>hl ^tl-ancUxL 
CraH-KTaiaed, adj. U^tii; ulU; knj-UlM; 

t.iniik-mitSi ; chin^hifi; akkhftf. 
Cro»-bUtd, n. ir kl dnudi yi g»i. 
Croiiing, n. l.t/if liatt^ rista kattd; kitta 

jini^i nri jiiii, litKini, y& ban&n& 

2. meeting of faw road*, chiu-rihi. fhua. 
Croi>-l«gged, arlj. tri 71 tlrchlii {mir Ug&e 

T'j lit rrim'tsgtd like a Uitnr. 

Oir-d hi badhak Inx^ni. do-idna tafiJlnft. 

Croisnesi, n. cliiroliiri'iHiii ; turabi; turah- 

Cioss-pnrposes, n. ulU mntlnb. 
to bt 'it rratt j-urpotfi, ek dosro ke kiilSf yi 

bitnukb kil k>m j& harak&t karai; maugea 

liR,r du babera. 
Ciou-wxj, n. chaiiribi; obso-hatU. 
CroM-winl, n. ulti hav&; bid-i-tniVkhllir. 
Crotch, 11, [Fr, eroehft, H. k^Ma] 1. fork, 

kittU; aiikri; sfinl; nob; simaa; bhai. 
I.' (iVttuf.) do aingl ; do-iibl)di&. 
Crotchet, n. I . a forttJ jiitee of wood, lakri ki 

klDU yi inkfi ; nok-dar t&^i. 

3. (^urg.) ek qisiD ki &U jo pet meia 
bachchfi itikalne ke vaqt karn ata hai ; pet 
uien Be bacbcba nikalne kl auz»r. 

8. uAim, roneeil, hUk; taraog; Uinaug; 
khiyil; uchitogi mauj. 

4. (kreh.) ar»ftl; ftrvaf. 
Crotehetj, adj. tofM; knj; akhrSi ajab. 
Croton (Kl, u. ek icz jitllab. 

Cioiioh, T. n. i.liedou to th« ground, p«t 

ininiii ae lag&-ke baithitai dab-ka baithnS; 

daliki lagina. i. eringe, paoa pami ; hatb 

joToi ; pairtiD meo li>tn&. [par lolni. 

ToUj (roudinj at ooo'i [»Bt. Fitl ti Jtairon 

Cronp, D. piitthil; pur^; cbQ'&r; duni'gaz&. 

Si' li^bC tu tba eiMup tbe fair My be awung. 
So light to tba (addia before her he epning, 

W. Scolt 
j(i« laAoj imf^ i^jnm P"f!^ P« ''' bltki, 
Aiii jnAaj <n(n ilit w igf kliad d cAorU. F. C. 

Cronpi n. llie diteatf, ek qiam ki sakht khOuai 

jia ae bacbcbe akaar mar jftto haia ; hubba- 


Crow, n. [A. S. eraw, Gnth. kruk, Skr. iot, H. 

itai^|. I. the bird, kawa; kag; kaga; zag. 

Criv are Defer tlie whiter tor wuhing 

t|]em>elY». Pro.. 

KiS hot nd ajlA dhof 'aihan Mr. Pro*. 

2. the voier of thf wk, kukrili'ikQn; miirge 
kl ivii ; bang. 3. {Craw-har) a bar of iron 
vilh a beak, chonch-dar gadftli; kasal; kua. 

cTOToj/irf, jhurriyin; shikan, 

troxo flight, sidba; nilk ki aldb men. 

U> fliiek or jmlt a erout, jbagarai; larnS; 
bliirna. [bang k. 

Crow, V. n. 1. ai a cock, kuk^QiikuD k. ; 
2. bluiUr, shekhl k. ; abeklii bagharoa. 

Crowd, V. a. 1, prtst cloie lojetlurr, thilnsiii; 
bbam&i bharli k. 2. crowd tail or eanvau, 
p&l kholni. 3. fiU mlh eonftued miifitudei, 
bhir k. ; garbar k. ; gherni. 


Crowd, T. n. I. twarm, bfalr k.; ka^ral ■ 

IniJige* came emtdlng on hu miod bi 

he oDuId t>n faun into wordi. It 

Vtlce dU arA khaf^lil u katnt 1 a 

*nJn tiki na xiJtd. 

2. preti in, gKiis Sni ; (Ihasnl ; bar 

Crowd, a. 1. {of things) dher; kaarnt; i 

todah; nKIi; ifrit. 2'.{ofptriotu)\>h 

bb&i-i bbi{' bharaklul ; dhar - dbarallS ; 

ii-iaahat; bu)Qm; ambob; aidabim; 

i-gafir; kjiarat; gut. 

Id troaidt. Oal It gal. 
S. populace, Knta-aiiMs; khalqat. 
Crowded, adj. machl macb; kbachi- 
ghikiift; garm; gnddar. [g 

Crowfoot, 11. (caltrop,) Ifigjingl; 
Crown, n. [Lat corond. Skr. krit. A. q 
bom.] 1. a wrtalh, or ga-Hnd or an 
twml eneirnling the ftead, mukat ; sai 
ttj; afbra. 

No cnun, DO eroum. 

I>*t\ bina rij uAlii; taitlf iaiair til] 

U»tu.l bve, tJ,e erom of lil our blue 

Apai U prU. Smnd id trit. 

UiifiUf lies tbe head thst nean a rnnr, 

BtiAain tirkaiteohjapaXnili/Utajka 

2. tomreign, ri]& ; piilahah ; abih ; I 

3. royalty, rij ; pid-shfchi ; saltanut 
■babat. 4. a piece of moit^ OavipH 
the image of a eroun, angred aaba 
nipae kl; ath misbi. 5, tummil, 
pbiilaiig; siii; ria; tikri. G. (of I'li 
cbaiid; ohandyi; kbopri; kapal; kiu 

From the sole of hU foot even t<> tb> 
of his head there waa uo blemieb in 
S. Sanutl. 
Mri K eJloli taJc ui nek lco{ aib na thi. 

7. (of a hat) t ')ii ka cbauduya. 

8. tomuTt, p&dil ke air ki cboti 
rutbe ke aliin&kbt ke viate; ghut! bi 

Crown, y. a, I. invtal toith the crou 
rakbni, piuh&iift, dena ^a bakhaim 
tilak k. 

C'ovn him aad uj. ' loog li>e our em 
Skak. TitoM AndrtmU 
Her who fidreat does appear, 
CrovH her queen at all tbe vaar. ., 

Kli^iratjo tab men lagti ha, 
T/ij boJtktho ate bana blviT ka. 

3. dignify, iziat y& tauqir d. ; bnm 
raunaq d.; &U martaba k. ; mumt 
■ebaish k. 

Thou hart entmtd him with glory and 
TO R( Juko iiiat ibri bakkthl Aai. 
3. complelr, puri k.; ant ko pahuni 
tamim k. ; anj&m ko puhuiicliaua; kba 

The end eramu all. Pruv. Sab ks an 

to erovm all, 1. al-qissa; qissah mukbtaaj 
biisil; qiaaab kotah. 2. turfnb yeb be 

croitaed eitp, chhalakta piyala; jam-l-I 
mfinbi mOnh katora; lalr& lab ; mulal 

Crjwnglui, c. umdab qism ka kinah ; I 

Crown-Jewell, n. {Adahih! gahnl ; rij abfa 




QrowA-UuUi, n. khilaah; khilsah mah&l; im- 

l&k-i-ahahi; tuyul. 
CroWU-law, n. qiuan-faujd&rL 
Cromi-lawyer, n. BarkM vakSl faujdari muqad- 

Crown-prince, n. raj-kanvar; vali-ahd; tlk& jl; 

gaddl k& Tins ; yaris-i-t&j o takht. 
Crocial, adj. 1. trantverse, M tirchhft. 

2. qatal ; D&tiq ; pram&uik ; do-tuk. 
A erueicd test, kataufi; iubiU-qaUa, 

Crodliley n. [0. F. crucke, H. ghofd an earthen- 
pot, pitcher] kuthali. J[tim&. 
Cnu:iflx, n. hazarat l8& ke masltlh hone kl pir- 
Cnicifizion, n. salibkashi; dar-kashi. 
Crneilbnn, adj. salibi; sallb Id shakal-lA; 

ohal!pl-8&; 8aty&-8&. 
Chusfiy, y. a. salib j% d&r par khencbn&. 
Cmde, adj. [Skr. krura, H. kard bard] 
1. ratf, kachch&; kar&; kh&m. 
Common crude gait, barely dlssoWed in aqua 
fortis, will give it power of working upon 
gold. Boyi, Jdvd-kh&r ko gandak ht U- 
tdb meh kal harke $one par kdm kar mktt 

3. toiry^ kachcbE; kb&m; kam-pukht; 
fi&-nuiida. 3. undigested, apach; kachcha; 
ajirao. 4. immature, adhur&; adh-ban&; 
kachchi; n&-tamiin; gair-mukammal. 

Ideu in a erwU form. KhayiU^-hK6m. [adbanft, 
5. wtformedy be-dhang&; be-daid; adhOrft; 
Qnidmess, n. kachcha pan ; kbainl. 
Omdily, n. kach&i ; adhQra-pan ; apach ; kh&mL 
Cniel, lidj. [Lat cmdelts, H. kathor, kutil] 
I 1. hard-hearted, kathor; kattar; fa^; 
nithor; sangdii; be-dard; be^rahm; nir- 
dal; z&lim; pur-jafH. 2. barbarous, vahshl; 
xikhshas; bab&-yam-s!rat ; maleksh; jaliad. 
Cruel wars, wasting the earth. Milton. 
Zdlim iamyOh dunjfd kd ndt kartl AotA. 

Cruelty, GraelneaB, n. kathoftil; kathor-pan; 
ni^liarii; sang-dili; aakhtl; be-rahmi. 

Pierced through (he heart with your item 

cruelty, Skak, 
Teri be-wafSi ne mere dil meh takhm kar diye. 
Cruelty is the first attribute of the devil Prov. 
Be^rakmi ekaitdn H pahli tifat hai. 

(knet, n. sirkah-d&n; &cli&r-d&n. 

Cruise, n. jabisl aafar y& aair; eair-i-daryft. 

CndBer, n. jangl jahaz jo dushman kl tal&sh 

yi tijaiati mal k[ hifkzat men phirt& rahe. 
Craab, n. 1. small piece, tukra; p&rcha. 

Desiring to be fed with the crwnbe which 
fell from the rich man's table. Luke. xvi. 21. 
AmircA H jhtU kHi u apnd pel bkamd chShd, 
8. the soft part of breadirotl ]» gad&; 

Dust unto dust, what must be must^ [Old song. 
If you can't get crumb, you*d best eat crust. 
USrd ghM, kud mOH, khlr hyd makeri ekdti, 

t» m erumb, thik thik; jonk& ton; hfl-ba-ha; 

•in main; sar-i-'mtt; l^l b&l. 

ChmmUfty 7. a. chtlr chflr k. ; chfli& k. ; tuk^e 

iukfe k. ; rezft rez& k. 

jnesh is the g^aM which holds the dust^ 

IThit meainr#B all our time^ which also dliall I 

Q. Herbert, 

Be eruwJbled into dust 

Jitm-i'kkiki hai ehuka-i-tdjot, 

Jo ki dkhir ko hkSk hand hai. F. C. 

Crumble, v. n. chur chQr hon&; chtlr h.; tukre 
tukre h.; buriUiah jharua; rez& h. ; kiml; 

Cmmhling w&Ue, purSui ya reh lagi div&ren. 

Crummy, adj. 1. full of crumbs, gUded&r; 
gaddar. 2. soft^ narm ; mul&yam ; poli. 

Crumple, v. a. jhol d&lna; shikan y& jburri 
d&lna; justah, churaa, ya salvat d&lua. 

Crumple, v. n. jhol h.; sukarna; jhurri pai^nE; 
khinchnft; shikan, chin; churas ya aalyat 
parna. [kuram k. 

Crunch, y. n. chur mur h. ; mur mur ya kuram 

Crupper, n. dumchl ; Ud-khora ; azizl. 

Crural, adj. 1 . belonging to the leg, ti&g ke 

mutaaliq ; tSng ka. 

The crural muscles, fdkg ke patthe, 

2. shaped like a leg or root, jaf y& tang k! 

shakal- k& ; laty&. 
Crusade, n. jihad ; mazhabi lariU; dinl la|^ 
Crusaders, n. muj&hidin ; din par larne-y&le. 
Cruset, n. kuthali; m&s. 
Crush, n. 1. a crash, dhar&k&; kharkha^hat; 

chatkara; chatakhiL 2. violent pressure, 

dhakk&; takkar; dab&o; dhakkam dhakk&; 

raundan; rela; dhaka-pel. 
Crush, y. a. 1. press and bruise, dabanft; bhlch- 

na; dabna; dab d.; peln&; masalna. 

For drink 
The grape she cnuhes. Milton, 

Shanat ke wdite took ahgUr kd arq wikdlti kai, 

2. overwhelm, hg pressure, kuchalna; 
peln&; torni. 

Truth crushed to earth, shall rise agun. 8hak. 

Sack tire par tire. Prey. 

to crush a cup of wine, pina ; nosh k. ; charh& 

j&n&; dak&rii&; pl-jina; uxftj^ni. [d§lu&. 

to crush under foot, kuchal d!lln&; rautd 

Crush, y. n. dab j&na; dabn&; bbichnE; 

raund&Un&; kuchl&j&ua. 
Crust, n. JLat. crusta, H. khaprd, bark, H. 
hara hard] 1. hard, external covering, 
ohhilka; bakkal; chhal; p&par; paprL 
A erutt of mud or dirt. Matil l^papfi, 

2. (Geol) apar k& tabq&. 

3. (Cookery,) parat; chhilk&. 
crust of a pie, parat ; tah. 
crust of breadi roti kk chhilk&; p&par; m&nda. 
Crust, y. a. lapetna; parat, post, y& gilaf 

charhana; paparyaua. 
Crust, y. n. jam jana; mail baithna; pap;un&; 

papri bandhuE. [dar; gil&f-v&la. 

Crnstaceous, adj. chhilke-dar ; parat-d&r; post- 
Cmsty, adj. 1. covered with a crusl, chhilke- 

ka; p&pa|>ya cbhilka-sa; paparya. 

2. snappish, chirchira; chi|andi; ka^wa; 

tunak-mi^j; foad-mizSj. 
Cmtoh, n. 1. l&thi; baisakhl; asa. 
to go or hop on crutchet, l&thi tek-kar chalni; 

hairtkhf pe uohhalna. 




Cry, ▼. n. [kiltOna, karrOhna] 1. ealt louttty, 

imkftrn&; li&iik niArnl; chillina; gobraua; 
a1kbr»a; lalkaiii dona; liika A.; tnubah 
dh&r dalua. 3. vtUr inartimtiUe MouTtdt, 
bolnft ; i.v&c d. ; cbillaiuL 

In k cowslips b«U I lie. 

There I couch where uwli do rri/. SHai. 
Btk nthtl gul'i-kekiahiln mrA ndo. 

ttaiiiioti MAjitjd ehuj/ad den tadd. F. C. 

Ho f^velh ths heut lija food and to the 
jniiDg ravens whioh cry. P>. exivii. 9. 

ffalAl ka man de, eKntl ho (ran dt. Pror. 

3. fam^nf, iial& k. ; wlo-v&ilrkk. ; ftiryiid k 

4. weep, roiifc ; wait pittil ; bilbil&D& ; bi- 
ISp k. ; blliikui; jhinkn&i rudan k. ; giri^i 
k. ; ah o zari k. ; vft-vnila k. ya mncbiiaii. 

To cry u n "tuAiy. BaAchah ll tanh ronS. 
To c'Tf vilh one eye, uid lnugh icidi tliB 

olber. Pruv, 
Ek inhK k roMA, dfi>rl if AuAnn, [ptikKniS, 
to cry out, cliilliin&i cliikhtia; ruka d. ; ro 
to cry out agabm, sbikva k. ; sbikljat k. ; 

ebaaat k, j Di&zammat k. ; ilz&m d. 
to crj/ {at an eUpJianl), cliiii^btii-u& ; ohikuTil. 
Cry,v,a. \.{oii^t learet) puk5r*ke becbna ; iviSa 
ya sada luj^Da. 3. make proelaiTUUion, dbaii' 
dot* pherua ; manadi k. [ruQtiil. 

a cru baby, ronk bacbch&; roll sUtoI; iiaia 
to ety down, hati kabua; ilzKin lagAD&j ma- 

znmmiit k. 

to try for hrlp, diih&i d, ; dubai tebal k. ^ 

itwcbaiia ; farvijl k, j madad ya Bahaota 

uiaagiia ya obahiia. [yamukania. 

to try of a bargain, hor, bat yi iqrar se Latiia ; 

to cry out, chillaoa ; diibal d. 

They ni»kelbeoppre«»edtoorir,tlieyervo«'bjreB- 

■uu u( the arm of the mighty, Joh, iut. 9. 
Br-fh&re mui/iinion h> mJl l:(i/pjJ< Aain our la^r 
ijiut if bilJieh u leoK ap ckUlHU hain. 
to erg Hp, ba^ k. ; ttilf k. ; BBiihni ; sank k. 
Crj,a. l.lowi*Ueranet,kVk; goblr; rOU; 
]alk&i&; chilUthat; chikh; ohikhamdhir > 
pukir; biiilt; hUk pukar; gul; shor; 
iaiig; gul flbor; obal puk&r. 2. votea, ivKi; 
bolL 3. yrll, difh ; narft. 4. «(rM( cry) u^i 
ivaz ; saude-vale kl &vaz. 

The itraet eria of Loudon. Mag^Mt. 

LondoH it latiife-nUoA U cMuA. 
6. oMJaman'on, jae jae ; baral ; ja6 jftti k&r; 
&fr]u ; Unf ; Ubslii ; ab&h-baBbl. 

The erg it Kill. The* come, ahak MaOtA. *. fi. 
Qui kam ho gagi Kok at dU Imik. 

6. loud expretiion of ptun, bilbiUbat; 
rudban; roni pitiA; rt-vaill ; &ryad; 
giriya o liH. 

0. the piteous cry o( the poor eoulL SMtA. 
3K gnriMt U qeba-i-rahm wi waild. 

7, loiui exprttnon of tt-iumph or wonder, 
«&b w&b; ho bo; jae jali; sb&h-baBb, 

a rHiyiofU ctf, jaS-kl^h ; nanib. 

mendieanW ery, fnqiroa ki eada; sadi. 

ttreet ery, nude vklofi kl &v1lz ; &Taz ; khom- 

cbe v&ioA kt fiviiz ; b&z&r kl avSz. 
(o ery onei's et/et out, rote rote atikben t&l k. 

CryiSK, adj. am ; raatibhar; phaili hiii ; arim; 

It ii ■ crsing ahuns, Sari iharam H bSi hat. 
Perjarj liid bsGome the etyina oumim of the 

land. Prtinnn. /AfiJijoinMifdiuiuiuiimm 

baJtut p/uiU gai Iht. 

Crypt, u. (Lat. ery/>Ca, H. ffupkd R cavfl] 

gupha; Ear; kho. 
Cryptogamia, u. be-pbtil ka paiide; nis-pbni. 
Cryptograpby, n. gupulekh; mukbfi burttf 

men likbne ka fanu. 
Crystal, n. billanr. 
cry»tal pahce, aliUb-mabnl. 
Ciystal, adj. billaur sa; cbamaktl but; moU 

Ba; sbafiafi uir-maL 

Crgital watar. MoU iS pSni. 

Crystalline, adj. 1 . contitting of eryitatt 

billaur ka; billaurl; blllaiirin. 

2. iranspareiU, sbaflaf. (Cryital, adj.). 
erytCaitint heavnu, muti e& auibiii'. 
Cryatalliaation, n. qalam biiii jaim. 
Ciyatallize, v. a. is tarklb ea jaisaui ki 

qabuci'i ban jSeii, 
ayilaflited, qaltnL 
cri/U'iUiifd tvgar, qand ; misn 
Cub, n. [H. jtiitfd, iiiiar,'idog.] l.y^vvg 

of a bout, pilli; tendva; pattbii; bachcba 
2. (Cotit^apt.) young boy or girt, pbGsit 

CobatiUe, n. (Ment.) &k3,r-n^p; Tnasihat-i-jiflm, 
Cube, n. [A. tab \ 1. (Gtom.) sha^b-pubm; 

fihasb-dar; muBaddas. 

2. (Arith.) ghan ; tiara oharhao ; kSb. 
eiiht root, tiHre daije ka utar; jiii-ul-kib. 
Cabeb, II. silal-ubifii ; kabab chiul. 
Cubic, Cubical, adj. muk^b. 
cubic rquatiimi, tHre darje kj niaaavlit. 
rvbie m«(i«ure, jaanmat ; uuloib; lambaicbaurat 

nur gabHkl yii iincbni. 
eu6i<: j/irrtj, ek gaz lamba, chaura aur mota; 

ek gas niukib. 
Cubit, I). \.thefore-arm,b%iih; hatb; dasL 

3. a meature of lerujth, hltb bbar ; adgazL 
Cuckold, n. bbarwa ; bbarii ; bbar-khaQ; kutUn; 

daiyOs; jorQ kJl bbarwa; qaltabSa; bJTi kl 
kanial khaue-vala ; jorQ kA bbar-kbSiL 

CuiJcoUU are C'litislUnB alt the world over, ProT. 

Dunj/a Ju tdrr ita'i hhirrt htiin. 

The eatk(dd wu very ciiDning, but he «M 

more eunaing that cookolded him. Prov. 

Blorrd kutUm to hart «yAnd tha, per jit nt 

tiui lagiyd mk u*U Mi btvH tMd. 

Cuckoo, n. [Lat. euculm, Skr. tokil, H. ioyal,] 

koyal; koel ; pik. 

cvcioo spittle, kaf-i-kabi ; ebubnam ; ek qism kioa. 

encumber, n. [Fr. eotieimbre, A. thayar, H. 

kairi, froii tc i^r the sound made ia 

breaking or biting it] kakri; khira; khajar. 

Cocorbitaoeoai, adj. kharbuji ya kak^f^sK. 




Sudt n. jugili; pigur. 

oehewtke cud^ 1. jug&ll k. ; jagaln&; pugitni; 
piigriLn&. S. (Met,) sochni; bich&ndl; aooh 
raea dflbnl jE garq hona. 
D&ddley ▼. D. kin&re y& kone me^ rahn&; 
ohipat 7& pa|^ rahni. 

She eaddtei low beneath the brake, 
Nor would she itay, nor darei she fly. Prior. 
TaU AJMfi he wohjd ehhupif 
Na chahil m rahnd, na jd woh mH F. C. 

Gaddlft) y«a. chimUni; lipat jauH; lipat-ke 
soua; bagal-gir houE. 

The f cuddUd cUme tA\ nigbt SomertUU. 

Wohrdl bkar khUb lipat-kar $o9. 

Cnddy, n. jabaz men khane ka dEi&a. 
Cudgel, n. lath; l&fhi; bandi; soU; gadkE. 

Do uot provoke the rage of stonee, 
And cudgels to thj hide aod bones. ffudHroi. 
Ai§d nuU bar H latrt aurpattkar 
THUh ehamrl aur hdr ke Upar, F. C. 

To' cross the ciidgeK Bath miUfnd ; ialdm k. 
Cudgel, T. a. 1. sotE mErnE; lakri ya lEthi se 

mama; lathiyEnE; bajorna; pftnE. 

If he were here, I woald cudgel him like a 

dog. Shak, 1 ffntry IV. liL 3. 

Agar wokifahdhhotdtomaihkuUe kikuxihbtoortd. 
3. (Met.) pituE; dukh d.; taklif uthEnE. 
Cmdgd thy brains no more about it, for our 

dull Bss will not mend his pace with 

beating. Skak. HamUt, ▼. 1. 

Bom i$ mek dp zyddak magz na mdren, kyon ki 

gadkd pUe gkord thord Ai hotd hai. 

Cndgdler, n. lathait; lath-mEr; latb-bEz; 

liJcri-bEi; pa^-bEz; bandi-baz. 
Clldgel-piroof^ adj. bEndi-rok. 
Cue, n. 1. tail-like ttnst of hair, dum d chotl. 

2. the last wards of an aetor^s speech, pable 

naqqEl ke kalEm kE akbiri lafz: dOsre kl bEri; 

bEri; pot. 

When my au comes call me. and I will an- 
swer. Shak. Mid. ITs Dr. iv. 1. 

/a6 ni«rf bdri dive nm;he buldnd, main d-kur 
apne hisse kd kahuhgd, 

3. hint, ishErE; saiu; ima; kinaya; rams. 
The serrant takes his cue and flies. Whitehead. 
Naiekar utkd ithSrd pd-ke nr gayd. 

4. (in billiardt) anta kheliie kE ballE. 

Cafl^ n. dhaul; thappar; cbEn^; chatekan; 

He gave her a enf on the ear, and she would prick 

him with her knitting-needle. Arhuthnot, 

Ustie utk^ kanpatt pe tamdehd diyd, usne uske 

bunne-ki saUU ehubho cil. [ct^, 

The mad-brained bridegroom took him such a 
That down fell priest and book, and book and 

priest. Shak. Taming of the Shrew. iiL 2. 

Jofd divdne dMd ne ek aied mot $e thappar, 
KiqdMiaar kltdb nnH giredonoh hi tal itpdr. F. C. 

Csfl^ y. a. thappar mErnE ; dhaul laganE ; cbEntE, 

JE chatekan lagEnE. [Taming of the Shrew. 

I ffwear Til enf you if you strike again. Shak. 
Qfumm hai, agar abkemdrd, to ek tamdehd 

Csfl^ n« Estin ki cbunnat-dEr sanjEf ; kaf. 

Short a^ Tahg mohri. 
Cninify n. janshan ; char-SIoE; zirE-baktar. 
CuraMier, n. sirE-baktar posh; sipahi; cbEr- 
EinE-dEr; jausban-poah. 

Oi&isli, n. EhinI zEnn-posb; zak-i-EbiuI. 
Cnislney n. 1. cooking department^ pakEue ^k& 

kEm; pakEnE rt^dhna; ponE. 

2. sljfle of cooking, bEvarcbi-gari ; pakEne 

Ish fan, tadbir, ya bikmat. 
ColiiLaTj, adj. [Lat. etdina a kitchen, H. koild 

coal] matbakhi; matbakb se ilaqa rakbne- 

yEIE ; bEvarchi kbEne ka. 
Cal<de-8ac, n. 1. a street closed at one end, 

band gall ; kdcba sar-bastab. 

2. a trap, jal ; phandE. 

3. (MU.) fanj ke atkEo kT jagah jahEn se 
picbbe laut na sake. 4. (Zool. ) tbailE ; potlf. 

Cidl, y. a. bianE; chunnE; cbhEntuE; chuguE; 

cbun lenE ; intikbEb k, [Tennytan. 

Whitest honey in fairest gardens euUed. 
Bahut hi aehchhe bdgoh se ujld sAoAod ikhattd 

Cully, n. bbolE; sTdhE-s^dE; sadab-lob; ablab. 
Colly, Y. a. Jul d.; thagna; chhalna; bah- 

kEna ; thag lena ; dhokE d. ; dagE d. ; fareb d. 
Culm, n. [A. qnlam a stem, reed, pen] . (Bot) 

kbokll girab-dEr nali; narsal; qalam, jaisi 

ghEs ki. 
Cnlmmatey y. n. 1. choti ya rEs par pahunohnE ; 

simt-ul-ras ko pahunohnE; uriij par h.; 

charbnE; QncbE b. ; buland b. 2. (Ast.) do- 
pah 1 1 cbakkar par anE; unchai par Ena. 
Culpable, adj. dund-jog; sazE-war; qusQr-war; 

gunah-gEr; mu8talzim-i-8a2a; qabil-i-sazE ; 

culpable homicide not amounting to murder, 

qatl-i-insEn jo qatl-i-amad tak na pahuncbe. 
Culprit, n. gunah-gEr; qusQr-yar; mujrim; 

Calt, n. plijan ; paristish; ibEdat; upEsna. 
Cultivate, v. a. 1. till, jotnE; bal cbalEna; 

^bsbt k. ; taraddud k. ; qulba-rEnl k. ; zaraat 

k.; bonEjotna. 

To cultivate the soil. Kheti k. 

2. improve, sudhEmE; sadb^nE; thik L; 
shEista k. ; tarbiyat yE tahzib dena. 

3. study, cherish, koshish k. ; sai k. ; 
pElnE; posna; parvarisb k. 

To cultivate one's friendship. 

Kisi se dosti paidd kame meh koshish k. 

4. produce, kheti k. ; paida k. ; upajnE. 
To cultivate potatoes. AlA bond. [shftistah. 

Cnltiyated, adj. tarbiyat-yEftab; munazzab; 
cultivated lands, joti htU dharti; cbalti dbartl; 

boi-bham; mazrQE. 
Coltiyation, Cnltore, n. 1. production by 

tillage, jot; baMhl; kheti; khet-kiyEr; 

kheti-bErl; kisbt-kEri; zaraat; qullMl-rEui. 

2. dvilisatian, tElim; tarbiyat; tabzib. 

If vain our toil, [Pope. 
We ought to blame the culture, not the soiL 
Jo mehnat hamdn gai rdigdn, 
Zamlh kd nahih nuqe, tdUm kd. F. C. 

3. improvement, sudhEr; bebtari; tElIm; 
tarbiat; jslEh. 

4. 2>mfuc6, paidE-wEr; paidE-vEri. 

CUL li 

land eArown out of cultivation, pvji dbarU; 

uftldft; be-ta,radiiud. 
Ifsta't own cultivation, nij jot ; khud-kisht. 
CultivahH', D. 1. one u!io cultivates, jot&; bofft 

jutE; kaahi-kiir; asuni; mtiziirti; kUfta, 
head ealcivatar, niuqaddani ; zimiii-dar. 
heriditary culliviUor, kuht-k&r-i-m&urim; bft- 

pautl jotl. 
non-htriditary cultivalor, k&sht-k&r-i-g&ir niau- 

rQiii; pibljota. [inftlik. 

nan-propt-ietary cultivator, kisht-ku-i-g&ir 
non-retidtnt cultivator, pSbl kiahl, 
proprittory cultivator, m&z&t&Dialik. 
rt*idtiU eultivalor, jU&iBl-i-chlia|)iu- bnad ; khad 

kidbt; tbSm-raiyat; qadlml-rufyat ; ip-joti; 

nij -jot 
tmporaty euUivalor, keitbchi-ftaand. 
under cultivator, aaiml-Hhikmi. [ristab. 

CatTert, u. pati hui yi^ kboMi morl; pini k& 
Cumber, r. a. I. overload, laddhaf k. ; bojb 

d&lD!i i bojh^ kar d. ; bhiri k. [Lukt. xiii. 7. 

Cut it dawD, whj eumbatth it the ground) 
/tin Ul df Zo, Jbyon lamin jjkcr roljUt Aaf. 

Cumbersome, Combrona, adj. 1. burdtmome, 

bnjliiil; bturi; gEirin 2. unieiddjf, ba^; 

bhaii; ajgftr; alidliat; atal. 
Cumin, dumnin, u. [A. ilammun] lirab. 
CimmUte, v. a. [Skr. hi to swcllj dher k. y& 

lag&itS. (Accomiilate). [kol 

AlsmlKtiTe, adj. jufU; dher-k&i mutaaddad; 
euiHvlativt argument, dalil par datil; pramau 

par pramaii. 
camitlaiiee evidence, subQt par subQt; aabat 

IWA subQt; jumla aubQt jo ek dtUre ko tUd 

cvmxdative medieiiie, davsl jtsk& asar bar bar 

khaue se dik)ia{ de, jaiaa suokh^i. 
cumulative pitnitlimtM, sazi par saza; saz&e- 

miitaaddad; kaldand. [edge] il-konyi. 

Cnneif JTm, adj. [ Lat, ctmfw a wedge, H. kannd 

eimei/urm iilp/tabet, ti-koiij& haraf ji akBliar. 

Cnnaiiig, adj. [A. S. cimjuin, Skr. gna know.] 

l.knoiinng, cbatur; BUghar; hoabyar; 

sujaii ; daiii. [kSrigar, 

A cunning workmui. zxxTiiL SI. Si: lughar 

H. artful, siyini; cb&l&k; ghunni; fitrati; 
fail-BQf; mutafanul ; damiiah. 
Cnnning, Cannisgnajs, n. erq/l, aiyln-patj 
boabyari; cbajaki; hirfat; aij&ri; fiUrat; 
fail-sflfr; robah-biil; makkari. 

Cunning is no biinlen. Pmt. 

Ilm liichh bnjh nahih hat. 
Cuniuig ii the spe of wiidom. Aoeitc. 

MaUcdri aql i< no;' hai. 

Canningly, adv. aiy&upat ae; chal&kl Be; fitrat 

se; hirfst ae. 
Cap, n. [Skr. kHp a well.] 1. a tmall vfsirl, 
piyala; piySli; katort; katorl; a"igar; beli. 
2. a cupfuU, piy&la; piylili jamj aagar; 
qadnb ', paiDniiii&. 

QiToaja»otpo[ lack, boy! Slofel. ffciry.IV.ii.*. 
SOgl, t& blutr-lii de mujhe piyeld tkarfiit ki/ 


3. any thing formed like a cup, katoti; 

katora; piyala; k&sah. 

Th« cup of a fliiwBr. Phil la iaiora. 
i. (Surg.) a cupping glaai, Biugl ; khappar. 
cuf and ball, piyala aur gend; chatte bstte; 
larkon ka khJiauLii. 

0, tbat I were a child to pli; with toji. 
Fix mt wlioluBuuI upuD AcupaiuJAuif. MUftam. 
Baehdia main hota tiih, khihiinoh u khelUf 
Dil to maiii chatli batlolt u apat kuleltd. F. C 

cup and can, j&ai o sur&bl; Blilaba o B&gar; 

bam-piyali ; abir o Bhuknr; yai'-g&r. 
tup of misery, muaibat ki pij&)&; bipat kl 

katorJL [shrab ka danr, 

Ciipe, a. piySle-bizi ; mn)--knab]; ma^noalilj 
Ic be in oiir'« cupt, mast hoDS; matTila houL 
oi/er our eupi, shiab-plte. [chambaL 

a bfjger'i cup, chaoila; khappar; piyiU; kidi; 
Cap, T. a. 1. (iS'ur^.) bhari tlngilagiji&; pacboa 

denS; ab&kben kbencbiiSi. 

Z.iitpp/g.wifheuj't, i^m deua; daarobaloft. 

Cap lu till tlta wurld go round. Shai. AtOwt 
and Clmpatra. U. T. 
Jab lalak daar&it chalc, lagar ckaUt 

Cnp-lwarer, Cap-boy, II . iDug-bacba;saql;BiquL 
CapbtMiid, a. tmrtaiion aur kbaoe ki ain^ri, 
eujiboard love, tuatlab kl jarl; gai'ae ki doaU, 
A eapboard lova U aeldom true, 
A love sidcera it found in fiw. Poor Jhiia. 
XaSlab ki noKaliat hai AaincMai HehM, 
£am Ami Aai (Atnyd tneh moAaUat tatkekL F. 0> 
Capid, □. [Skr. ktip to be excited] ^m-deo; 

k&iD; bazrat-i-isbq. [Ararioe. 

Cupidity, n. lobb; lalaoh; bir«; tamL Sm 
Cupola, II. guml>ad ; gunibaz;gumii]at;qubbBb. 
Capper, q. aiugivala; Mngl-vali; shakb-kasL 
Cupping, 11. bhari aingi. 
dry capping, kb&liblugli ghariy^. 
Cupping-glass, n. smgi ; sbakh. 
Cur, n. [Dut. korr, Skr. kvkkur, H. hOkar dog 

from liir iHr the aound.] 1. dog, kutti; 

lendl kutt&i landfiia; jangUkmti; dum- 

katikiitc&. 2. a uNM-r/i/tti >n<]n, kutt&; nt 

kaii admi; nikamiui; paji; a&ar; nigoti; 

kbojii pita. 
Curable, atlj. s&dhi mumkin-ul'sbaft; iUy- 

piur; shat^pizir; achciibi hone jog. 

OurabU diBDUw. AtJichla kont-viU marc 
Curate, n. padri k& uayab; aarat; puj&ri. 

All thii the good old mtn performed ftkuM. 
Nor BDtred Mii puna, for ntroti he bkd noiia 
^ ^ J>ryi^ 

Utfii Sp mihnal, tAgfi iSrd ijni, 
Na M pir;'! iijo gdjram nugdim, F. C 

Cnjator, n. [tat. cum care, H. kor dig] rakb- 
v6l ; rakhahak ; mubafi* ; mohtamim. 

Curiitor to the OoverDiDent Book Dep6t. 
Mohlamim kutut-tKSna-i tarkSri. 

Curb, u. JH. rot, check] 1. bridU ekain, 

dahane?! zatijir; dahana. 

2. retlrirint, rok; atkiio; manadl; dabio. 
Corb, V. a. 1. (a horK) rokna; U^nuK; kbeocb- 
na; aaabbilua. 2. rrstrain, rokoi; aUtwa; 
muzahemat k. ; dabaoa. 

l9 turb ane^s p(Uii(m4, apol indrl jk havas ko 

dabftol 7& bas meia k. 
Card, u. [Ir. cruth, H. kundd curds.] 1 . thickened 
pmriqj^milki dahi; khoj&; kund&. [Dryden. 
Ciirdt and cream, the flower of oountry fare. 
Oioh kd •mdah khdniH d&dK, dahi hoL 

3. <Ae coagultUed pari of any liquid^ &fi(hl ; 
photic ; gale; g&nth; girah. 
Cudle, ▼. a. 1. coagulate^ jam&n&; munjamid 
k. ; baata k. ; chakk& k. ; bi(han&. 

2. congeal, barf k. j& banaui ; jam&nl. 
My chill blood is curdled in my veinti. Dryden. 
Sard 2aAft meri raffoh nuh jam gayd. 

Cazdl6| T. D. jamu&; bandbu&; munjamid b. ; 

bMtab.; baithn&; chakk&h.; laddQ h. 
(hfti n. [Lat. cura care, P. chdrA cure, H. kdr 
irork.] 1. remedy, up&e; dh&r&; ilSj ; durusti; 
tadblr. 2. healing, shafk; sehat; 8oft&;&i1lm. 
The water cure, ^i»{ kd Udj. 
A ooinplete cure. 

Skifd'i'kmUl ; Mhrnt-t-knUl ; 6a hU drdm. 
Put hope, paat cure, paat help. Shak. Jtameo 

and Juliet, iv, 1. 
M-ummld o he-ehdrd o UMdj. 

3. spiritucd charge cbelo& Isl slksbK ; mulU- 
girf; p&dribl k&m. 

h make a igonderful cure, maalbSI k. ; karimit 

dikhftn&; ej&2 maslbl k. 
Cm, v. a. 1 . heal, acbcbbft k. ; tan-durust k. ; 
ftctm k. ; shafU k. ; changi k. ; bhal&-cbaiigE 
k. ; dttr k., j% kbonft (diseaae), 

KiU or cure, you'll have your fee t 
Mar^k ydjUih, Umhdri ujrai iumheh dUkyd* 
He cured many of their infirmities. 
l'§ %€ unkH bahut tl blmdriydh dUr klh. 

%, remedy, c\Av^ ii&j, upiif j& tadbfr k. 

Wliat cannot be cured mnat be endured. Prov. 

J'iekd nahuh chdrd WikJdXgd eahdrd. [sukhftna. 

3. prepare for preservation, pak&u&; 

car* m defect^ khot j& aib nikiUu& ; sablh k. ; 

ial&h d. ; durust ya tbik k. 
to 5e emred, cbaug& h. ; sbafll p&ni ; aobcbb& 

h. : bimiri ac kharil h. ; gusli -sehat p!lui, 
CBnieai, adj. nir-up&S; be-ch&i'&; l&-il2j; be- 
ilftj; lldawE. 

With patience undergo 

A eurefett ill, sinee fate will hate Itao. Dryden. 

Ha ktfjU marfu kH Hpaidd dend, 

Kore eat^ lupar roMd-kd-qaxd / F. C. 

Corloiity, n. 1. inquiaitiveness, darydft kame kl 

kbiAhiah jiohih; puohht&chh; sbauq-i-tahqiq. 

% tarity, tohfil; ajtkb&; arnuigiii; ajajab. 

CMoritifls, D. pL aj&ib o garaib; tohfia tab&if; 
tohfiijit; ajsun>&t. 

We took a ramble together to teethe cuf^iotitiet 
of thia great town. Addieon, [tog gai. 

h hofe ehukar he ajdibdt dekhne ko ham tab 
Yfaff cmriaeiiUt of thia world. 
Jhmyd he e^dibdt ; ajdibdi-i-mmdnah, 

QniMi^adjr I. niee, birft; mabla; n&zuk; 
iimda; tohfah; saresht. 

Afl the cmieue touohea of art. MUton, 

B§rtlkkdHsiainyah,irdtilktana(en.\rAdiT ; ajib. 

% dttgrniar, ajuQtfai -, anokhft ; ajib o gailb ; 

Hit body ooadied in a curioue wi^. Shak. 
VekBkathn e^ 4kakg ee pi^hud tkd. 

Z, inquisitive, kbojf; r*iz-jo; mutalHshl; 

mustafsir; mutajassis; 8hauql:i-i-tahqlq^t. 

Coriously, adv. 1. neatly, bank! ke sath; 

naz&kat se ; n&zuU se. 2. attentively^ gaur se; 

tavajjoh se; dby&a se; ukat se. [Xewton. 

Observing it more curiously I saw within it, 
several smaller round spots which appeared 
much blacker and d.irker than the rent. 

Jab tySdah gaur ee dekhd to ut meh maih ne 
bahutere chhote chhote gol dhibbe jo auroh 
hi niibat tyddiih kdle aur tdrlk the p/ie. 

Cotly ▼. a. 2. to twist, or make into coils, bal 
deii&; chballe ^llln!l (the hair); mo^u&; 
lachhj&nSl; halqe y^ cbhalle bauaua. 

1. crisp, bal d. ; pech o t&b. d.; cbhalle 
4&ln&; suke^nft; aiiithn&. 

They eurl their hair with bodkins and with 

braids. Cftueoigne. 

Woh apne hdloh ko soldi aurfUe se mofte haih, 

Cotly T. n. 1. bend into curls, chhalU banoSl; 
ohballe-d&r houi; balkh&ui. 

Curling smokes from Tillage tops are seen. Pope 

Odoh ki ckot\ ps bal kkdtd dhadh dikkdi 

detdkal [dftrhoui. 

2. move in spirals, pecb kh&nll;.kham- 
Then round her slender waidt he curled. 
And stamped an image of himself a sovereign 

of the world. Drydsn, 
PaUt kam%r ee uski woh dkhir ehimat gayi^ 
Pkdld ek apud puttdtd, dwyd kd pd'dthd'i.F.Q, 
The curling billows roll their restless tide. 

Pechddr lahreh mvy mdrti haih, [tab kh&nl. 

3. tioine itself, lipatu%; bal kh&aa; pecho 
curling hair, ghungr&Ie bSll. 

Curl, u. [H. eJihalld] 1. a ringlet, cbhalli; 
gburcbl; gho&gar; aulf; geiQ; kakul; 

Under a coronet his flowing hair. 

In curls on either cheek played. Milton. 

Tide tdj ke utke bal khdU bdl, 

Lahar mdr kar u$ke chUmeh ihs gffU F. C. 

2. flexure^ marof; bal; kham; peoh; 

Curlew, n. pan-kukd; kar&kul. 

Curly, adj. ghuiagraUl; ghilugarv&lo ; gbur- 

chiyahE; pecb-d&r; peoh-dar pech; margo^I. 
Curmudgeon, n. [H kan corn, H. mlehnd, M. E. 

muc\en hide] sUm; Ullohf; kaujC^s; makkiii- 

chUs; nijjas; bakhil. [mav!^. 

Cirraut,n. yda^iitkidhinish; ILbjosh; mmiaqq^; 
Curreucyi n. 1. circulation, oiialan; chal; 

rivaj; ravatjah. 2. eoin, nrJss, sikka; chalta 

rupay& ; sarkkri lu( ; lot. 

The currency of a country. Uulk kd tikka. 

3. current value, b&z2Lr y& §jkal k& mol; 
h^axkV ki qiinat. 

Current, adj. [Lat. curro, run, H. chal move. 
Skr. d^r, A. /rr^o, run.] I. passing from 
hand ta hand, chalti; dast*badast ; hathou- 
hfttb. 2. now passing, chalt&;jari; zamana-i- 
b&l ki; rflij-ul-waqt. 
The cjirrent month. 
CkaUd mahlnd^ mdk'i-hdl, Wiih-i-ravdh. 

3. generaily rteaietd, mini hul; iBtUlhl; 
Uksillf; fiirxt. 

TliB word is c-trreat. 
Yth taft bolle haih. vi mittUnal kai. 
eurrftit bwneis, ubilta kiiu. 
eurrtnt Coin, cbaUi siklia. 
tarrenl erpemu, roi mttrmh ki Harch, [i-hil. 
eurrriit lanjuai/f, bol chil ; 5m boll; aabSu- 
Hol eurrtnt, beAihaUu; tabisai-bihar ; gair- 

iiiust&mol; miiti'Qk. 
(/la fjirrent pi-ice, bb&o ; nirkh ; biz&r kii b)i&a. 
b^(Uir«M( 7«ar, is baras; is ell; B&l-i-mTiu ; 

tha repoH it eut-rent, chsrcbl hai. [chain*. 

to be current, rSij h. ; jrirl b. ; rivlj [mna; 
Cnrient, n. 1. ilream. bnliio; dfa&r; db&r&. 

A cnrrmi of sir. ffavll iM ioAao. 
A eurrtnt of electricity. 

2. the tvri/feil part of a river, dhir; 

3. eourte, rav&iil ; raftftr; siUila; tasaUiiI. 

The earrent of eventi. SUiila-i-vuqedt. 

Corrently, adv. umfiman ; arire ; al-al-umOm. 

It is camittig reported. A/edJi p\ail raid hai. 
A imr la.j hJm h'liii. 

Cmriolo, n. do gbofini kl girl. 

Currier, □. cbami-ft kamilue-vSla ; kbatik ; 

cbii'm-s&s; dabbig. [si; jhagrftlO. 

Carrish, adj. bhaunkne-vili ; aag;-8irac ; kuttft 
Curry, v. a. I. drat {leather, etc.) kamlnl; 

taf k.; taijir k.; dnbigat k. 

2. rill/ a horie, kharairl k, ; khurkhuri k. ; 
malu&; mal&I k. ; mlllBh k, 

A short horae in soon eurrwd. PrOT, 

CKhotn tihati inld\ naldjilf hat. 
(Cihnfa ta'n jaldi AdM *ai). 

3. *-h6, latii-ni; jbHrtil; mimi; pibna; 
kOtna; tbokaa. 

By BFtting brother agsinit hrolher, 

To olsw unA BitiTy one mother. Hadibrai. 

BfSdar bhiji hhil u da ba-de, 

LaySU liailt Spa mehtk tk ko, F. C. 

4. viike a evrry, kaii bauanl. 

U etirry favour, kbushamad k. ; chSplusI k. [ 
chikiil chii]irt biteu k. ; {Slung) kh&ja- 
bnrdlil k ; kinisje sahlaiilL 

Curry C3mb,n.kharairi; kharkbara; kbnrairt. 

Carae, v. n. [A. S. eoninn, Skr krmh, H. 
komA, composed of two elements, H. and 
Skr. ka liad, Si ish wish; to wish ill fur 
one] kosn&; kosna fcStoi; sarap d. ; sarapni; 
bad'diiil d- }'& k ; lauat k. ; durslsni. 

Cune tbi» buninegs, ( urn heartily tired of it. 
/f Mm yar Mnol W, mnin ii W tahga gayS. 

'.0 curie tolA btll, booh, nnd candle, gbanLK, 

kit^b aur dii& se kostil. 
CariS, T. n. kosnl; kosa kosi k.; linat ka 

Cune me tiiie people, for they »re toft mighty 
for me. Numfter: ixiiii. S. 

Kkvdi H Una! kn I't qnum par, lei tcoh ham tt 
baft ti^at-var (t/3 tatvSn) kaih. 

Cunt, n. 1. malediHion, kosnA; saiiip; dhir- 
k&r; phitk&r; bad-diii; Unat; dur-sh. 

\»Aj, yati\nam no rules of charity. 
Which renden good far bud. IJouinn 

curiu. Shak. Riekai-d. ill. 1 
A^oAln (iiBtlo rRitOm tarz-i-mafg. 
BhalA bad it, atr bad-dill io d'li. t^ C 

2. offUetinn, ball; qahr; ifal ; wabSl; 
gasab; bipta; muribnt; kop; dukh. 

Tbe Police are tbe tttrtt of the cauntry. 
Palit Icjifl hai, Malt pe KhudS ii gat^b hoL 

a eurte upon Am, us par lluat ; lauat-ul-lah ; 

phitte se mOub; KhudI kl pbitkar. 
furKiV, iiitj. phitl^r! lauat! ttif*! dbirUr. 
to htnp or call doKit curiet upon, koB 4^]nl; 

kosna katiia ; hhira kakii k. 
Carjed, adj. 1. blatltd by a caree, malfln; 

lain ; ruksbas ; mardQd ; kam-bakht ; nigofl,- 

niuS; nSs-s^iyi; khojre-pfti; marf-liyl; 

ujra ; nas'piC^. 

Let ua fly this euriid place. JfiUa*. If 

Chalo it nijfarl jagaJi ii b',^ ei/tlei. 

2. dttutabU, ' tnakrabi narki; dosaidil; 

kam-bnkht; but*. 
CntJlve, adj. ehikastah. 

A cnrinVt hnoil SXikatUMhat, taitAl ,- fliakl- 

j,nl (commeroiel). 

Carsorily, adv. jaldi se; sar-a-sarl; sanatli 

cbalte chalte; rav& ravt. 
Coraory, adj. chalte-bne; sarsari; jald. 
ewaory vievi, or glance, oha1t[ niisiir; nanri- 

ijmalt; DBzar i-sarsarl ; ek naEar y& Dig&hj 

ba nazar-i-ra«B-ravl 
Curt, adj. kam ; alp; miikbtasar. 



Cnrtail, v. a. gbaianl; kam k.; chhKstai; 

k&tna; kotab k.; Hmkhrasar k.; cbboti k. 
Caltain, n. 1. teretn, parda; niaanht!; ohik; 

clillman. 2. {/"ori-jalufig; tnraf. 
lehitid (ht curtain, I. pardab ya ojhal mefi; 

otiten; pardah ke plcbhe; pas-i-pardah ; 

tiitti ki ojhal. 2. w5qif-kar; bbedya; jinkari 

to draw tlu curtain, I. pardah (J^^'i^y^ girlnl. 

2. {MbI) chhiipina ; alug k. ; kiuire k. 
to drop iAfCtiriotn, 1. pardahgiianS, ylchhornl 
a. (iWrf.) khatam k, ; kahani pert k.; 
qissa khatam k. ; tamaiiha yi, gan<: pflri k. 
to lift the curtain, (Mel.) jbaAki ya tamasha 

dikhftnii; parduh iitbaiiv 
Curtain lectnra, n, jora ko tine mens; Mvl 
kiua-slhat; khaugl nasihat ; khilvati taUm; 
jorO kt Sikh. 

A e<irta!n-lect<ire u worth nil the sermoi 
the world for teaching the virturt oi 
patieiiOB «nd long n^SoriDg. W. Irtinf. 

Sabr laAanniil k\ khatlaten nlMne kt Uf> 
jam H Mkk duny* kl 4iri naUhaU ' 
barhkar hai 

Curtly, adv. jhatke se; akkhar pane se jl 

EDflnh phor-ke (bolni), 
Curvated. Curfa, Cniired, adj. mui* hvl; 

kbam-dli-; khamldah; bauki; muawwaj. 
Curvature, Cutvb, a. mor; jbukio; kham; 

biuk; golai. [i»^r. j 

a curve line, khat-i-miinhani ; gol bI J4 mn^i |i 




terra, v. a. [H. gd round, Skf. har hand, Skr. 
har doy va go, together implying continiiity ' 
of the act of bending from a straight line] 
mopii; lach&ni; kham d. ; niwSln&. 

Ci^nret, n. 1. poiyah. 2. kilol ; uchhal ; alol. 

terrat, t. n. [H. had leap] kadna; cbhaUng 
m&mft; phandn&; hakar kQd k. ; jast k. 

CtaXTUiiLaftl, Curvilinear, adj. (Math,) muxviii; 

teihion, n. 1. gaddl ; masnad* 

To kill a man with a cnhion, Pror, 

Tak^fiih i€ gala gkol-ke mdmA. 

2. (of a hiUiard taUe^) ante kl mes k& 
gaddl-d&r kinSLriU 
Outerd, n. ub&l& dadh, andft aur khind. 
teltaVd-appla, n. sharthl; atta; sltH phal. 
CoftodiJUiy n. rakhw&i&; rachohhak; nig&h- 

bio; muh^fie. 
teftody, n. 1. a keeping, rakhv&li; racbchh&; 
chauks!; nigah*biDl; khabar-d&ii; hif&zat. 

2. imprieonmetU, nazar-bandi$ hav&l&t; 
hiztsat; qaid; bandhan; band. [Siron 11. 
Jailer, take him to thy ouiody. Comedy of 
Ddroga, ite havdldt men it jSo, 

emtodjf of prapertp, m&l k! hiftzat. 

^nmmU to dose custody ^ Bupurd-havElIt k.; 

havlUlt men d. [hiriisat mei^. 

M do9e custody, nasar-bandl men ; nazar-band i 

teatam, n. [Lat. con -¥ suus, Skr. sva one's own.] 

l.usage^ bart&o, mah&viil; istem&l; rit; 

qijkia; z&bita; mEmQl. 2. fashion, ch&l; 

chalan; dhafig; tanr; tarlq; rIt; raem; 

daatflr; ravaiya; ravish; sarishtft. 

Cu^om ia the guide of the ignorant. Prov. 
Rhajjdhiloh ha kadi kai. 
Cutiom diffSoreth from uae as the oauee from the 
effect. Raleigh. Jilt aur ehdl meh ttnd bal fiai 
jitnd sabab aur mutabbab meh. 

Z, habittial buying of goods, g&hak!; kharl- 
dftrl; mEmulI len den. 

To giye a ihop-keeper one's eitstom, 

KvA dukdn-ddr n marld kiyn kamd, [riv&j. 

4. (Lctw) longestablisJiedpracticey rit; raam; 

The law of cuitcm. Purdnl rit yd ratm badarje 

qdnStn. [rasm-i>mulk. 

custom of the country, des-Hch&r; desa-ch&l; 
teatoma, Coatom dutieai n. mahsfkl ; mahsal 

parmat; behrl; lag&n. 
custom department, mahakma-i-parmat. 
CMfoai officer, (Cor,) patraul; parmat ki afsar. 
cuctom j*ass, rih-dari ki chitthi ; ravannah. 
(kutomirily. adv dastOr muafiq; &datan; 

haaab-i«mSlmflI ; aksar; aksar-auq&t; babut 

kar-ka; bahuteri. 
CMomarj, acy. rit-kl; dastar ki; ba-dastQr; 

daatOr ke muifiq; m&mtill; rasmi; muqar- 

rarf; maraTvaj; m&hfkd. 
cudamary dower, roftm&ll mahr. 
CaatttWiar, n. g&hak ; jijmiin ; banjaut& ; kharid- 

ir; moafatari [dushman. 

as is0y cusitomcr, kattar y& aakht g&hak y& 
CkataB luraaa, n. parmat-ghar ; kothl parmat ; 

mafaalll dikhil kama kl jagah ; chanki. 

Cut, Y. a [0. Eng. kit, Skr. hit, H. kdt, A. 
^ata,] 1. divide, katn&; juda k. ; qalam k* 
Vut off the head and tnil and throw the rest. 
Prov. Sir aur dam chhaht do, bdqi phel do / 
To cut down an oak and set up a strawberry. 
Prov. kolhH Icdt mogrd bandnd, Prov. 

2. intersect, katn&. 
Two straight lines which cut one another. 
Do ndhi luklrenjo ek d<Ure ho kdlH haih. 

Z, remove by cutting, tatarnS; k&tni; 

chhant^ni; qalam k. 

Catting out well is better than sewing up well. 
Prov. Aehchht $ildl u adichhi qata bthtar. 

4. castrate, badhiyi k. ; khassi k. ; akhta k. 

To ctU a horse. Qhore ho akhtn h. 
6. carve, khodna ; naqsh k. ; chinh dilu& ; 

rClp banana ; sbakl d. [him, 

Why should a man whose blood is wnrm within 
Sit like his grandsire cvt in alabaster? Shak. 

Merchant of Venice, i. 1. 
Khan meh jis thahht he ioih-ijavdnl hai bhai-d, 
Ki* liye chttp chdp baithe but sd apne bdp led t F, C. 

Q, deduct, kat lena; minhak; mujia ya 
waie k. ; kamti k. 7. cbak k.; cbhedna; 
biAdhna; godna; katna; pharna; tukre k.; 
jX men ghao ya zakhm dalua. 

She was cut to the lieart by his unkindness. 
UJd be-murawatl te u$ke dU meii tahhm ho gayd, 

8. he cuts with, kut h. ; kut^i h. 

We are cuts. Bamdri kutli ho gai, 
cut and dried, kata katavE; bana banaya; paka 

pakaya; pahle se taiyar klya ya rakkha hua. 
cut and come again f lo khao jitna chaho, aur 

pbir ao ; khao kuchh kiimi nHhlii hai. 
cut and prepared for use, bana banaya; taiyar; 

pakka pakaya; ohhila chhiiaya ; katakata^a; 

bana saiivra. 
cut glass, naqshiA gilas. 
cut up, 1. in pieces, tnkre tukre k. 

2. criticise severely, ^ukye u^^na ; dhajjiai 

ya parakiiche bakhema. 

To cut up a book or its author by severe criti- 
cism. Kitdb yd Hike muaannif kl sahkt nukta 
chlnl kar-ke dhajjiydh bakhernd. 
to he cut out for, laiq ya qabil h. ; isiedad rakhna. 
to cut a dash or figure, tasvir banana ; tumtaraq 

ya tamkanat dikhina. 
to cut a joke, pbabti kahna. 
to CMt capers, khel kad k. ; alol k. ; kilol k. [k. 
toeutdotcn, l./«W,kat(ialna; cbhautna; qalam 
2. abate, kam k.; gbatana; minha k. 
To cut down expenses. Khareh meh hnm\ yd 

takhfif h. [»'ra dcna. 

to cut off, kat dalna ; alag kar d. ; bhutta sa 
to cut oiU, l, (clothes,) katarn^; qata k. 2. ex- 

dude, cbhaiitna ; alag k. ; dur k. ; bahar k. 
Z.out'do, barh nikalna; sabqat le jana. 
to cut short, 1. lessen, gbatana; katna; kam k.; 

kotab k. 2. interrupt, bat katna; qata 

kaiam k. ; band k. ; rokna. 
to cut the acquaintance of, yar! kut k. ; kutti k. ; 

yarana chhotna ; dosti tark k. 
to cut tha cards, tarasbna (tash). 
to cut teeth, dant nikalna (bachche ka). 

CUT 1 

Cat, V. n. \.dotht tnork of a» tdgtd tool, kata&; 

kutariii ; trft$hu&.' 

Thi« tiiLEe cull welt. Ytk tUfS IhUi cAalti Ini. 
i.pfr/orm l/ie ojtrathn of ttiviiUtig, kairl 
jlu&; kiitnai kwt jaiii; (.atiiil; juda b,; aUg 
h. ; aUliilub liu jauS. 

V/hea the tarth •is reirty to r<it the uppfrpu-l 
in riilitieil AitbtuirddibBtaaCMwbkfi liilimW, 
\iy » nniiiKil iaalUiat, affmc Arbtlknal. 

Jt.b daAt ntkilia ia halt huik to Apur It hint 
mint eiiw* w ritjfii jfitd Saijo K i«»eAcA« 
lull f u<Jrat K op lie 6p iar Utc AoiA. 

S.(i'i cardi,) tnt^hti&i kUiuU 
4. rxH 1-apiiiti/, bba^na; bhig& j&u&i 
chnmpftt b. ; tu^a bha^na. 

In cut uNt/ c^ij', bU cbhant k. ; qaia 6urfd k. 
to enl and ran. tiifa bhf>i{ii&; ohninpat h. 
ta cut in, twishnii <tis kheliw-vale muqarrar 
karne ke liye.) [kiiUu 

Cut, n. I. ijatA, cliliil; charkft; zakLmi kbut; 

Ue«|Wrate eiiti niTiit liuve dupernle cure«.ProT. 
Oiihre gkdo tt gakra iltj. 

i.ditiiion, kit; katl&; \<Ax%; chhaAt; 
p&rcha; kirnch. 3. eliaiinel, kat; katau; 
n&l&; db&r; db&r&; nahr. 4. M^raWn^, khudi 
Lili tnsvir; naqq&sbi; kaodah-taavlr. 

A wood cut. Inkri par Undl kQl toMr. 

5.(mtaT<U.) kit; ttuHsh. 

Whuia cM( i> it) Kii ti tarOih hi iSH hai. 
6, ihape, byoi'it ; tarash ; qatl. 

A bnrd of formal Cut. Maqatt^ dMl 

eut vnd lofiq toil, lundv aur dum-dar; chhoti 
b>,rl pQ&ub-v&le; itl&itdna; amir faqir; ftmlr 
garib; chboto biife : abarlf o wozl, 

a thort TiU, aiAhi r&atnb. 

tfi fftM a eiU, b&th lagaua ; Iiath mirni ; sakhra d. 

to'iit l>j llie tluirteil eat, Hldh& j&ii&. 

Catanmas, adj. khSl-kl; jildl; jild ko apar-kll. 

eut'ineoui etii^'oii.laeUiua ; pakea ; phuueE jibofe. 

CnLicle, u. [Skr. *ku to cover] 

l.tpidtrniii.'^WW; ohamiit; post, 

2. {Bot.) bakkul ; clihilkE ; chbftl; post. [hai. 
Calii, II. (iti«i/.)nalohamrajoibill]kDDluhel]otl 
Cntlau, II. cliau^I mu^l hit! talv^r; ktilndi 

sabclu; sbvusber; naif; tega. [beuhiie-val 
Cntlit, u. cbburl cbftqQ va^aira baii&iie j^ 
CatUry, 11. I. hardtearr, dhar-dar \S kitne ka 

uiuai'. S. the buiitirst, tbhiul chaqu bailee 

ylk licchiie k& pesbab. 
Cnt-ptrje, II. jeb-kati&; gnth-kntS; klw-bur. 

A cut-purj* ia s sure trade, for he liatli ready 

money when hii work ii il-re. Pr(iv 

Qalk-katlhai pakkd Idn.jab baaS jab /lixii tlfinl 

Catter. n. 1. vilio or loliat fuls, kStneT&K 
biu'iiida; qite. S. on iutlrwuait, k&tos ki 
Kin; saraulft; diir&nri. 

3. (Navt.) ek niaatal ki-jab&z. 
Cut-tbroat, adj. tabm; gala kfitne Titt; be- 

laiiQi; kattar; gar^lan-mftr. 
Cat-tbToat, n. gal-katU j pbAusI h&ril; pbaasf 

dev&; kbCD-iez; jiill&d ; q&tilj qasil; gar> 
dan-kushj tndEl; aau;&i 


Catting, part. adj. iharjp, tartaitit, chabbtlfani; 


A cuting ramuk. CAuMll Ml, tin In bit; 


Catting, o. \.inciii<m, kntSI; katrSI; kl(; 
tai'iUh. 2. eAi/i, cAop, cbbipti; kfitl&; cbhS^ 
tan; chit. [daiir; dauri. 

CjcU, a. 1.0' bit in tf-c heaven*, cbarkb ; tttbql ; 
i. an infti-val 'tf lifiu. jug; quran. 

tffele of japiier, qiiin-us-sadaiii> 

eyde of the tun, attbnl^ baras k& jug. 

(^olold, n. cbakka'r ke uuqlon ka ohnklur; 
jaise chalte paivo ke ek ek jui klalaggardiib. 

Cyclone, II. [Gr. inkloi, Skr. knulr, U. chaUnr 
circle] ubakkar-dar bavi; bnri tes bavi jl 
Biidbl jo cbnkkar khali baij obau-di^i ;& 
kociya hftva. 

Cyclopean, »<]'}. deo-^. [mabbxaii-ul'UlQm. 

CycIopEBdia, jlncy do podia, n. majmSe ulBin; 

Cyclops, u. YQiitii ka kbjali ek anklii deo, 

(^C>iet, n. bans ka bacbcla, 

Ci/gatti from grey turn wbite. £acM. 

Jiant le bachdtt pakU ekiUciArt ImttKaiii, pUf 

dhanU ko jatt haih. 

Cflindet, n, [H. LolhA oil-mill] dandi ; belan; 

poiigK; nal; chou^i; kotbl; ttiluu ; uatuKi^ 

tylinder of a yiMi, sumba ; — o/ a, tleaM raguu, 

kiithi ; —of a tugar mill, lath. 
Cjliiullical, adj. bolau-3&; ual-diri kopii- 

dar ; ustuw.iiia-nuini. 
C^bal, n. [Skr, kumbha, a jar] jbinjb; jali- 



; khni 

Cyuic, Cynical, adj. [Lat, tan-it A. kail, H. 

ii.('(iad.igjk.ntii; bbauiikta; rQkba; kutil; 

turahrO ; kaiinja-iafi. [hadftf-i-nig»!i, 

Cynosnra, n. qutlillara; dhuniiara; maniar; 

WUei* |)crh»p* oomo beauty lies, 

The epioixre of neighbouring ejef. JftlM. 

Jalrak gar liai toAlnjo aah-pira. 

nhi-bizth kd hti MwS tirA. F. C. 

Cypher, (Hpber, n. bindl; aifar; nuqtiu 
Qrpresa, n {l/ie (nv,) aarv ; aauaiibar ; abamahid. 
Cyprian, n. 1. C^prua k& b&abinda. 

2. lewd lEoman, cbbuial. 
Cyst, n, pip ki tbaili, 
Czar, 11. Kils ke ijb^hiiiabah )sA laqab. 
Czarina, n. mnlkali lius ka Inqab 
Czaiowits, ti. qjii.sar i-Ka^ ka ba(S bete U 
laqab ; Bils ka woli ahd. 

Bait, V. a. (H. M/i tap] 1. strike fftntls/j <u mA 

a toft or laaist ivbstanef, cfaupariift; lagioi; 
piichilra pberua; potna; pota . phenA; 
Iboani. 2. sla]<, thapki d. ; giiddt blunnl; 
tbappar mai-ni ; diapat ji taniSncba Likani. 
Dab, n. [H. rfAap alap] I. a gmlU b!ow tcili 
ththand, dbnp; dhapp&; tbapki; dbiti^; 
tbappa^ ; ctduU j (^ft(«kao ; tavla^ha. 




2. a Mlful hand, saghaf ; ohstur ; cWftk ; 
kanar-mand ; k&rlgar ; ustid. 

He it ft dab at it. Woh u mek uiM hoi. 

]M)ble» [H, 4obnd to wet] v. a. gila k^; zar& 

'dobftui; bbigi>D&; tar k. ; nam k.; clihifak- 

ni^ pftni men gotft den&; dobu&; dob& d. ; 

markou& ; cboparui. [ Wiuman. 

I dabbUd the wound with oil of turpentine. 
Maik ne gkdo pe tdrpin kA tel ehupar diyd. 

MM<tf 7. n. 1. tplask, chhapchhapk; cbhia- 
tam ohhftti khelua; p&n! ya kicha^ men 
ibelnft; chbln^n unui; cbhlut^m se kheln&. 
S. work in a digkt or superficial manner, 
HttBail taor par k.; surairl ^em&; kabhi 
kabbi k.; &prl taur se k. 

IliKblir» n, a superficial daibler, at2I; slkhtar; 
auftfl; nira-hakim; nlm-tar; kacbohi; be- 
Qstidi; ni-gura. [murg&bl 

OiMl&, DidApper, n. [H. dvhki dive] battakb ; 

Da capo^ adv. [Lat. caput, S. ka^ head] Hd se ; 
ahurft se; pratham se; iiaesire se; az-sar-i-nau. 
D. ob&ndl si jbalaktl macbhli. 

JMtfX n. (Pros,) bhagan ( — w w) 

Swtylknnaiusy, n. angusbtari y& cbhallek! fiO. 

Ba«tylolog7, n. bath kl alif be te. 

IMt Baddy, n. [0. Lat. tala, Skr. tOta, H. m, 
d§d£[ did&; b&ba. 

IMUle, n. {Slang) b&ib ; mntthL 

Tip OS your doddle/ HdihrniHof 

Btld|j4obg-leg8> n. 

1. ek qism k& kir& jis k& badan cbhoU aar 

tiAgen bar! hot! bain; fint (panS kS kiril); lam- 

tangH kif&. 2. a long-legged person^ 1am- 

tsAgH; lam-dbek. 

Ihibdil, n. nargis ki qism ki pbul [na; sirS. 

Blfti adj. (Seoteh) i^gal; b&ol&; kbabtl; diva- 

JLn you daft t Turn pigal to nahih ho t 

Olgg«r, n. 1. kbanjar; cbhud; kat&r; teg; 

jamdhar. t. (Print.) ek kiidb&D (t). 
bhe at daggers drawn, cbburi katari b. ; sbam- 

sher birabna b.; janl dasbroan b. 
to look daggtrs, qasai ki niglh dekhni ; tundl 

se dekhnft; ph&r kh&ne ko daufni. 
I^gl^DniKl^ ^* a. latberu&; alQdah k.; 

cbikUnE ; lasaiindn& ; mail& k. ; latbar pa- 

thar k ; sinni. [)& maila ad ml. 

Baggie tail, n. pbQa^; cbirkiu; agboil; galiz 
Saggla-taJl, Daggle-tailed, adj. lith|A-hu&; 

maili kacbai^&; &lQdab. 
Ihgurrotype, n. ch&ndi se mulamm& klye bu$ 

tinbe ke pattare par aks se tasvir ut&me 

k& tariqa y& fiin. 
IfeQjy adj. rozioab ; din dink&; din bhar-ki; 

na^narra k&; har-rozki; ae din ka. 
ifA§ siocount^ ros marrah kk hisil^b ; din din ka 
; din din ka kbata. 

hook, ross-nima; roz-namchab. 
diOf ftod^ daUp U^d, ros ki roti; petija; 
; khflrak ; khflrakl; roal ; kburdani ; 

lUlir jN^MT, roianak akbbar ya parchah. 

daily pay, rodnab ; yaumiyab ; wtfrifa ; kaf^f ; 

daily wages, roz k! mazdfirl ; dhi jangl ; rozadail. 
daily wants, zurQriat-i-roz-marrab. 
daily work or t isk, roz ka klm. 
Daily, udT. din ba-din; aS din; anti-din : hftr 

roz; roz ba-roz; roz; priti-din; Rimjlke 

tisou din ; diyas divas ; roz roz ; ynutnau-fa 

yauman ; nit. [ii&z o neraat se. 

Daintily, adv. nazakat se; baiiki se; maze se; 
Daintiness, n. nazakat ; latafat ; komaltaS. 
Dainties, n. pi. khir kbaiid ke bhojan; halT& 

pQri; lazfo chizen; tar mal; mobanbhog; 

tasmai ; khas pat! ; nafis kbaue ; neitiat ; ne- 

mateii ; cbak cbak launde. 
Da*!nty, adj. 1. tootJisome, maze-dar; savad; 

lazlz ; lazzat-dar; latif; ba-inazab ; zaSqe-dar ; 


Dainty bits 
Make rich the ribs. Shak. Love'i labor lost, L I. 
Khtr khdnd bandve tdhd. 

2. delicate, iiazuk ; latif; batik ; komal ; 

pakizah; nafis; su-daul; kbush-qatE; kbush 

aslab; kbush ; tobfa; umdab. [waist. Tenny$on. 
I would be the girdle aliout her dahity daioty 
^dsh bantd aanatn kd maiA patkH, 
PatU, dubli, lacKaHl ut kat kdf F. C. 

3. fastidious, nSzuk-pasand ; takalluft. 
Dainty, n. uazuk ya nafis cbiz; nemat ; maha- 


Dainty maketh dearth. Trov. 

Takallufmeh hoi takltf tardtar. 

Dairies, n. pi. (Slang) cbhatiyan ; dadh-dan. 
Dairy, n [Lat. daeria, 0. £. day, Skr. dugdh, 

H. dud^ milk] shir khaua; dadb nikaliie ka 

kar-kbaaa ; dadh bilone kX jagab ; makkban 

Tale ka kar-khan&. 
Dairy-tarm, n. makkban aur patilr banane kf 

jagah ; makkban aur panir ka kar-kbaua. 
Dfldry-maid, n. [M. E. deye^ M. daiy^ a maid} 

gualan ; ghosan ; gopi ; gajri ; dadb-vali. 
Dais, n. cbabQtra; sbahnasbln. [phul. 

Daisy, day's eye, n. (j^.) ek chhota suthr& 
Daker, Dak'r, n. das ; dahaku ; dahal. 
Dakoit, n. daku ; dai^ait ; qazzaq ; khalait. 
a gang oj dakoits, dilkuon ki dliar. 
Dakaiiy, n. dakaiti; dika-zaiil; qazzlql. 

Dakoiiy about to be oi>mmitted. Ddkd pirne-vdUU 
to commit dakoity, d^ka daina ya mai na. 
Dale, n. [H. cfAd/ slope, declivity] k bud; ghltl; 

nasheb zamln ; darah. [^oend. Thomson. 

Where monntaiuB riae umbrage<>uit dales de- 
Vitchepahdr kaih jahdh, utre hath iabzghftiydh, 

bales'man, n. khad ya ghatl ka nihne val&. 
Dalliance, n. rang-ras; rau^-raliyan ; rag o 

suhag ; rilo chao ; bos o kiullr ; cbama-chati; 

ikblas; ikhtilat; naz o uiyaz ; h&o-bbao; 

nakbra ; nakbra-bazL 
Dallop, n. jhar; guchcbha; guppba. 
Dally, ▼. n. [loel. dvala, P. der, H. ^hU delar] 
1. delay, der k. ; dhil k. ; dirang k ; atn- 

laha ; yaqt talna ya'zaya k. ; dafa-ul-vaqtl k. 

2. rport, klielDk ; kilo) k. ; khil&il l^- 

Bha dalliit wilh tb« wind, and scomi the iud- 

Shak. Richard, iu. 1. 3. | 

Har/I It kktltt ^at, nOi'iA etir4(r lUmi ka. 

8. ii»r foiidUnrj or wflnfonntM, r&i) chao k. ; 

chQiiii olati k. ; bus □ kiitlr k.; chuchle k. ; 

lAi iii}'iU k. 

Sam, n. a female jarent. mi (otiau-pava); (Con- 

tenp.for woman,) maljia ; iiiriman. 
Dam, II. [M. H. G. lUk^ U. f/iam restrain] push- 
ih ; bauil ; d&t ; rok ; meudti ; riik&o : p&l. 
Dam, dam oat, v. a band v&piiahtahbiadhu&; 
band, dit, jfi rok Inj-Sui ; rukai k. 

I'll lur< tb( ciirreuc id tbii pl&ce ifanswd ap. 

Henry, IV. pi. I. iii. 1. 

iloii ehdhts huh H tahrt/i injagnh ruljdjrt. 

Damage, n. 1. iniwy. hln ; nuqain; gti&t&i 

bi'^&r; toH; Z&mr ; xljSn ; khisi^ra; sailma; 

tat )ihut; bag; |i&e'tnAiI; kbalal; gneaud; 

iieb, i. (pi. ioic) rejaarution, harja; 

jiirui&\iah ; diiid ; t&vaii • mukiftt ; barj&ua ; 

lau.if damnot, bin k ; DHqsftn k. yS pahutkchS- 

I1&; bigiriii ; zarar piihuuchaiji. 
tuttain damagt, nuqs&n, khisira, y& tott 

utUaiia y& aiLbuI ; khisSi i parui ; gbtt4 

sahii&-, harja h. 
Duntgs, V, n. b&u, nuqsftn, khiBSr&, toti, gbftU, 

liyftii, ;3 zarar paliuncb&DS ; liarj dSiIita ; 

bta&fii&; toriA pbk>r»li; aadma ^K oia^anat 

pulium hiiiiS. 
Damageable, ailj. q&bili-nuqs&n ;fi mazarrat. 
rfa'iMi^Mtie <;(»((», h&ii-jog bastO. [niiiqarrar k. 
aisHi dimaget, harjS, ta-'hkbli k ; kliis&ri 
dania^ei/or defama'inn of character, hurmat 

bab&i hirji iz&'iie hurtnat-i-urfi. 
dam 'git for ptrioaal injury, lam&ii faald. 
/laiiial damaiK», barjliia barie nam. 
Damaik, adj. [U, darnak lustre] Ul; aurkh. 

Laiaiuk chetk. Ouli-r«tluar. 
Damaik rule. SurUi gulai. 

Camai'c. n. [aflar the name of lie Hty Da- 

vfitrvi.] iMmi'viix ; bOte-dir jl phOl-dilr 

Bafed kaprij nmshnjjar, [knpj*. 

d^ma»k lilk, u. mushajjar; bflte-dlr reshml 
(fantoti (fe«^, n daTniuhq ki isj^t, faulad ;i^ 
■ kl.efl; faiillidi dami-hq. 
Dams, n. baitS; biUI; begam i bnbQ; sahlba; 

r.:illknl; raoi; khitQu; sihib i-khlnah. 
Dami. V. a. 1. (Theol 1 narak-blsf k.; jahan- 

nuiti ji dozakb mou bhejni. 

i fo^id-m'i, huii batlSni; phitkftrna; 

liiiat k.; inaUu k. ; mardad k. 
Damnable, a'lj. 1. narak jug; dozakhi; dnzakh 

ke l^vaq; l&na'i; niaiun; phitkii-a; phitkir 

kiiiiii-t; lauat ka niiii. 

2. o^'io'iJ, EiibQn ; zisht; karlU; makrOh ; 

oafrat-au^ez ; gbinSont. 
Damnation, n. 1. (Tfi'ol.) iiarak yS dozaVh 

ineti bb^jnl. ^- foiidemnatioa, iKnat; phi(- 

k&r; dhatkKr. 

6 DAN 

Damp, adj. [Dan. damy, H. bhsp, steam 

moist,] slli; g)l&; nam ; inartQb; adJi-allkhE, 

lo grow damp, B[in& ; nam ho janfi. [ael&b. 

Damp, n. 1. moirlure, nil ; tari ; nam] ; nitUiat; 

2. df.pteinon, itdftsi; dii glil; afaurda^L 

I thohe damp, kue. khacte, yi. kh&n kl gbutu 

I yS. bhaHak. 

I fire damp, bharakiie-vill naml 

Damp, V. a. 1. moi'«<cn, zai-a tnr jl gi1& k.; 
I markoni; nam k.; alia k. ; i^l yi naml 
I (leiifi; martab k. 2. d'preu, afsurdabk.; 
dil-Hlr k. ; jf bnjhioa; aaril k. S. reitrtt'n, 
rokiia; ebaiSdi; b.iithiiiS; past k. [eII; UH. 
I Dampislmejs, Dampness, n. numi; nitllbat; 
I Damsel, u. iarki; chhukri; kanniyft; kuirf; 
I p^ithivii; paUkbi; doi^bl^a; ni-kaikhudt; 

nau ja^Eii auiat ; bakrah. 
I Damson, d. &la bukhftra; ijjfts. 
Dance, n.Li&ch^miijra; uirt. [tAiimaJt minciDg.] 
Dance, v. n. [Uotb. lUnian, H t'.irak shake, 
1. itSuliiii; raqs k. ; nirt k. ; gat bbaruL 

Bhadiiwt JD the giaMj wain danet. Bm^ 
Si/ faux mfli la^jJuilU bai. [kiUk 

9. naptr, ncbbalua; kuduS; pUAdnl; 

He duncf veil to whom EortunB pipM, PcBt. 
ifai i>«e!i union kd tachiU, ha.i hakM jtaM 

ka aththha. 
I'll mike (him) danet without ■ p{p». ProT. 
Deklio kaM nick natiiti kV>t 

a eomptny of danring teomen, tiefah; mujni; 

miijiikariie-vllljrSn. [rSa-dl.lri; bhagati>l. 
a d'inciiig bog, iiacliamS; iiatvi; kaithak; 
a dindng dtrvith, hil q&J-v&ie; sfll'I. [raiHJt 

a dancing gtit, tavivar; lianL-hanI; uaticUi 
danning taatlfr, adib; ustid jT; mlr jl; lan- 

dijun ko ifillni deiie^nali j% n&ch sikhlne- 

-ins.. [nachati&; hairSa k ; tang k 

make one dance, uach nathftui; unaliyun [>« 
to dance ih a rope Of to dance on nothing, nul 

ee lataknl ; phiLAai dlyS jins. 
uaget of dancing women, mujranl. 
DauoB, V. a. iiBchviliil; nachinS. 

Tbf gmndBirs laved thn «*I1, 
UftUJ a time he danctil Ihee on liie kDe& 

Shale TitvtA»dpa»iemt,v.X 

Teri dAda (iir& Id Uikut chaktt, 

Bitk6 pioh ptjKejkli ttK-it liijhe. T. C 

to dance atundnnee, kbidTnat-gtiEiil ae kbiiah- 

nQilI b&sil k ; pichbe laga ruhni; bardam 

b&'.ir mbai. 

Dancer, n. nnchnniyS; nachvalyii; nichm- 

valil; uachne-vali; raqqlLs; raqqasah. 
Dandelion, u. ek pliQl jia ke pi-r ke pattt 
dniitileV'tl haiu. [lehSiraas. 

Dander, a. 1 . See Daiidriff. 2. (.S^an^) gusei; 

Ute te'iS S ga^g. Woh rii/l gayA. 

Dandle, v. a. [U. Idndeln lanuge, H. dSvM fU 
vao'lering about, frnm Skr. d/tdaan runmae, 
roumin?, H. dot rnok] I. hil&na; iichhilnl; 
kitdfcnii; ihulani; ghutimn yA hath par uaehi- 
na. 3. amuie tailh trifles, bahlaui i tilui; 
pbiilS^re d. ; phusliiiS. 





Biadrii; Dandnifl; n. [W. marwdoUf from 
wuirWf U. mard dead, Bret tan scurf, H. 
Mim skin] sir lu khnsbki ; phy&s. 
Suidyy n. b&nk&; rangili; navelH; albela. 
Itagvr, n. [H. Jokhok risk, jhakkar storm, 
blMt] dfar; khatra; jokhon; irasvasa; khad- 
Aik; Efidesha. 

Dangerg are oreroome by dangen. Ptot. 

XKaire ko khatrtth hhagdUl Aa». 
Ikmg€rt past, Qod ia lorgotteai. ProT. 

Ihtkk %ar^ Bdm hUrlL Prov. 

Ml iamger^ khatre men. 

tofui in dttnger^ jokbon j& kbatre mefk d&lnfl. 

SMifBXOllS, adj. lifwo/e, jokbo]^-k&; khatar- 

2iik; pur-khatar; andesbazi&k; soham- 

Dik ; baul-nSk ; mukhavvaf. [kboi^ kl b&t. 

m iamyenxit afair^ jokbon k& k&m ; j&n joi&- 

m danfferouM cAora^ t0r,pakk& bad-ma&sb; cbba^- 

koH; baf^ mujrim ; sbobdl ; sanglo mujrim. 

m damger^us road^ kbatar-Dik r&stab; r&b-i- 

pnr-khatar; buril riUtab. [b(z; badm&sb. 

4mm§erou9 person, kapti; fas&di; farebl; dag&- 

BaBfmndy, adv. jokbo& j& kbatre se; 

kbaof-iiftkl se» 
itmgerously ill^ nib&jat bim&r; qftnb<ul-marg; 

Daagle, v. ii« 1. latakng ; latk& rabD& ; jbOmni ; 
jhQiii%; pi^g yft jbote leu&. 

Codnia ba4 but one bed ; so abort to boot, 
That bia sbort wife's abort lega huDg 
dtrnglinf^ out. Drydon. JuvenaTi Satiret. 
CkkM fi ekirpdl thi Sudrat ktpdtek, 
Laaih the u»H Mctl $ijor4i U pair Uk. F. C. 
He'd rather on a gibbet damgU [hra$. 

Than mis* his dear delight, to- wrangle. Budi" 
Poland kai ddrpe u$ ko latakn^ 
Magar dUofe im karfiz wok aiakn^ F. C. 

3. dangle aboiU or t^fter, hang en, plobbe 
hgft rabD&; dum ke s&tb lagi pbirnft; 
puiehbili bani pbirni ; sfte Id tarab s&tb 
Daagle, t. a. jbul&n& ; ktk&nft ; bilini. 

To dtmgjk the feet. Pair hUdnn, 
Sn^ATy n. picbh-lagu; pauobb&l&; dum-b&ll; 

diiin-gaz& ; aurton ke picbbe phime-Y&l&. 
JkmgUn at toilets. £urke. Hutn-ddn ke panchhdU, 
Dnkf a^j. [H. 4^ drown] sill; tar; glli 

He her the maiden sleeping found 

On the dank and dirty g^und. Shak, Mid- 

night 9 Dreamt ii. 8. 
Ue ne dekkd ki gm-i $oH hoi, 
OlU klehar H maUi dkartl pe, F. C. 

S^ptr. D. [0. H. G. tapkar, H. dUbhar beavy) 
ebost; gatbibui; cb&klk; sutbilL; acbcbbi. 

Bqnpla, »dj.'[Icel. der^Hl, H. dfiahbd spot. E. 
^j»^H.{?a6 drown] ablaq; kabit; cbit-kabra; 
dn-ni*gft; pacb-rang&; cbap; gul-^r. 

dh|i|i/i hnp, dappU-greg, sanjib ; guld&r ; ablaq. 

tifft^ T. a. chitkabri k.; dbabbe d&ln&; 

giiA gtt 7& rai^gftrang \l 

The gentle day 
Jhfpki the droway eaat with spota of gray. 

8kak Much ado. ▼. 8. 
MadUr dma dUdUt* dkemll nifutga-rndtal 

Dappled, part. adj. du-ran^ ; pacb-radgft ; kal 
rango^ se muDaqqasb ; kabr& ; cbit-kabr& ; 
titar badll 

The lark begins hia flight, 
From his watch 'tower in the skies 
Till the dappled &vnq doth rise. Mittan, 
ChandlU karM kaigd pavwHz dthySSt te. 
Jab tak ki sukah »Adig de jalvah dtmdn $e, F. C. 

Barbies, {Slang,) batkari; sarkarl gabn&. 
Dare, v. n. [Skr. dhriah dare, H. dhdras cour- 
age.] 1. be-bSkf k. ; dilerl k. ; jurat k.; 
db&nis bandbn& ; bimmat k. ; mard&n^ k. 
I dare do all tliat may become a man, 
Who darea do more is none. SheJt. Macbeth, i. 7. 
Mairi kartd hAh intdn ko zebd hai jo, 
Kure it ee zyddah na in$dn woh. F. C. 

3. defyf bimmat y a dilerl &zm&n& j& pa- 
rakbna, jaise kabnS. turn kyft kar sakte bo ; 
lalkarna; kbam tbokn^;. &nkben dikbina. 
Time, I dare tbee to discover 
Such a youth and such a lover. Dryden, 
Bald dMmdn aitd koi mujhe, 
Jo dekiq javdh hovejaiid ki ye. F. C. 

Dare-devil, n. be-dbarak; be-mab&bS; nidar; 

sbaitSn. rsbujE; bimn*«t-dSr; dil-chal&. 
Daring, adj. sttr; sUr bir; diler; mardina; 
Daring, n. bu*t&; be-b&kl; dileri; mard&ugl; 

jurat; bimmat. 
Dark, adj. [Da. dunkel, H. dhundhld, dJiud^ 

smoke, Per. tdrik, S. iamir,] 1. 710^ lighl, aj^. 

dher&; dhufidli; audbklr; tirab; t&rik. 
Pitch dark, Andherd ykup. 

2. no</atr, k&l&; siy&b; siySbl-m&jaL 

3. {Met,) gloomy ud&s;. gam-gin; dukfal; 
ttj&r; tirab; t&rik. 

Without one's love the world seema daark. 
Bin ydr tamdnah hai nipaJt Mrf£. 

4. hidden, mgetfrtous, gfl^h ; gupt ; cbbup&- 

bu&; poshldah; makhfl; inubham; muglaq. 

Keep it dark, Kiel »e nuU kaho / 

What may seem dark at the firat will after- 

warda aecm more plain. Booker. 

Pahlepahi jo mubham mdlUm hotd kai piehAe 

woh tdf dikhdl detd hai. 

5. destitute of knowledge, j&hil; l&.ilm. 
The dark ages. Jahdlat kd zamdnah, 

6. evil, biir& ; n&-pak. 

Dark deeds. Bwe kdm ; pdp. 
Dark designs. Bare irdde; irdda-i-fUid, 
m dark night, shab^i-daijftr ; andberl r&t ; nis 
andbiy?rl; shab-i-t&i Ik. [Krisbn pakb. 

the dark \aJlf of a month, bad! ; audberiL p&kb ; 
Dark, Darlmeas, n. 1. absence of light, andbe- 
r&; timar; andbij&iil; tamk&r; t&rSkI ; tang! ; 

Don't go in the dark t iihdhitre meh mai jdat 
Hen loved darkneee rather than light because 

their deeds were evil John, iii. 19. 
Intdn ne andMre ko rauehni $e eyddak peaand 
kiyd kyoi ke wok sydk-kdr the, 
2. ignorance, jabilat ; andb&-pan ; l&-ilml. 
Darken, y. a. 1. make dark or hlcKk, andber& 
k. ; t&riki k. 

They [locusts] covered the faee of tiie whole 
earth so that the land was darkened. Bx. z. 15. 
WohUiddydnX dunyd ke parde pe itne ckhf 
gafh ki idridXarti pe afuikerd ho gayd. 



Let tb^ir efu be darbttttd tlut thej ma; noC 

Be«. Rim. li. 10. fp.iI Hikim pt poniaA 

dBl do hi uaK dtkh na laicA. ' 

Z. eait a gloom upon, udl^uhh&ai; gam 

piud& k ; gam meii dSltii. 

4. obicurf, mugUq k. ; mubham k. 

Who is thi> tli-t darkeneth. oounne! by word« 
without knawlfdge I /o&. Kniii, i. 

Yih t-iaa hai ja ii-igaijhi bapit apul Mloii n 
(fll'ii ie mnblum kart dtU hai I 

Saiken, t. n. uidberi b. yi ho j^ui; &&dherl 

chliini; siijhU nadeiifi; dhiiDiilaiii; t&rikh. 

Sarkiome, nd.. aadbet&-s&; dbiiiidU. 

rarky, Darkia, n. E&uvli ; sij&m ; salonft ; malih. 

Darling, n. [H. /dJii from lad diUSr fondliii(i] 

Udii; lai; iukhoS kl t&r&; ifikhoA Id 

gutli; kalcje klkor; lakht-i-jigar. 

And can do nauglit but viu\ lisri^arliii^'ilaH. 

Sftnt. [aurtna Xa XLltc! ^ai » 

Apat batieht U marru Ti€ litfl rout pTtnc it 

Duliig, arJJ, lidll; dul&il; pijki-Jl; rb^Uitij 
maiibSb; ezU; ohaahtn-obirig ; dil-arHm. 

Darn, v. a. [H. rfjrar, P. <iaK split, break] 
rafil k. ; bhiir A.\ marammat k. 

Til darn ■l™kiHgi. Mnu rnfi lama. 

Darn, n. [H. rfoi-dl thread] rafii; marammat. 

Darner, n. rara giir. 

Bainet, n. [0. F. ifarne stupefied, H. dhatilr& 

nAruotio plaut] rgi-grau, A gbla jo aij ke 

BAtb boll hai. 
Daraing, u. rafa-gart. 

Dart, II. dIma; nszl; barcbhl; gel; ballam. 
Dart, V, a. [H. <ial throw] phefikul; clialilai; 

4»l>i&l cliii:i:Uni; uilni&j cbbo^iiL [Drgdia. 

Th' int:iien darl tbeir jtveliiu, trom iSu. 
Saaila-imT pkihU Auin apm n«( dir w. 
The nun darU big beami on the BBrth, 
^tSh lanin p( ajmf Ii'riitii lUtM Aa>. 
Ur what ill eye> nuLligunnt glinse* dart. Papt. 
Kiiii'M h-a ck-ahmi-tiad ja bai ttatar hai diln. 
Dart, V. n. 1. chhitaku&; pa^&; chalut; 

Ti.. d*»r dai-tcd from tbo Uiiokrt. 
Jkfri nek le hiran jhaplS. 

Daib, V. a, 1. lAroia with vioUnee or hatle, 
taliift'ia; patukui; de mirni. 

To d-iik a^riat the groiiiid. 

Z •""It pt lit fnlra^ \ dharll pt patai dfii. 

2. put Id t'irwt:, confound, hij^til ; sharmi' 
jA; paibeniBD k.; gira d. ; dab&iia; ;:baUii&, 

Ills hopea Wire d^hed. Uiii amaaidtk nil jiaiii. 

8. {Dnih out) rraie hi/ a stroke, kat dftlua ; 
qilaril k. ; tarishlii, 
doth to placet, tak^e tiikfS kar dilnft; pish 

pish k^r duQi ; reza teiA, kar deuL 
Daiil, V. u. chhalnhnil; tikrAnSL. 

Ths w.ives duth agumt the rock*. 
M^n-th p>»Kir 1< UJlrSn k^ih. 

to daefi ihrn'i-jh thick and thin, aAdb&dbnnd 
miiuh uUiiechalejS.n&i kiiil khai na dekb- 
n&i be-tahMh& Qnche niche bbSge chnle 
jjiii. [jiiiS. 

to doth tkrouffk wattr, hel& mimi; pini men 


Dasli,n. [H.cA«<] 1. eoUiiion, tbea; tak 
tbokar; dhnkkL. 

S. tudden nuift. dhirl; bilU; daa(. 
A bold dcuA at tba enemy. 
^uiintau pt tk MStI dhavi, 

3. admixture, infusion, mel; m 
puth; amexiab; mDi'at; milauol; oU 

Bad with ■ ilat\ of purple. 
Sarkh jit mti udAttU lei jkalat. 

4. capacity or randiasat for {iwoi, 
muii!tment», dileri ; tesl ; turat phi 
phurti; jiirat; clialftkl. 

He hu grsat ditK. Ut mh inrt pHurlt i 

5. a vain ahow, dikbiva ; dikU 
namfld. fi. a mark or line, kbat i-fasl {- 

ta cvt n dtth, namOd k. ; tip Up dikh 

apue ko banSiilL; dikhSua. 
Daih-baard, n. p&a din. 
Dasbing, adj. naraQdJ;&; bha^klll; dik 
Bhikob-biii; Bhekbi-b^. [inard ; g 

Dastard, n. biu-dil; darpok; gidi; bit, 
Daitari, Baitardf, adj.' [H. Au a alaTv, 
trai fonr, H. (cdA maroy] ni-niird ; bu 
darpok; darphnkni; giJi; Us; gandl; 
Data, n. pi. darjirt kl-bai b&t; m'arf 
niuanllamt; mnq.idd&mlt ;& uraQAt 
tQmab; milamit. 
Date, n. {of a arUing) mitr; tith; tlrikh; 
Oiunael ia aerer out of doit. 
BaiAh har vaqt M nekckkl, [B 

And baiidi without a dult the; M; ar* 
JTa^lt A lin ki bagair lirikk kt laaaoHV 

jii! kni. 

3. duration, muddat ; k^l ; vaqt ; lami 
araab; qa;&m; baqa; tbair&o. 
ab U afltr diU, miU paii hundi ; ran 
huiidl; tniySjI hundi ; tniU^^i^'hll^d^ 
aeeordintf to datt, miti r&r; tirlkh-vLr. 
daU to run, kasb^bi mitI; ml^iti b&ql. 
doe dale, pakki mitl. 
onl of dale, pur&ul; matiisk; be-cfa&t. 
vp to dale, i} tak; ai ke din tak; ab 
hanoji; tirdam-i-iahi Ir. [kh 

Dat3, II. (Bat.) t\e fruit, obhil&ra; kl 
Data, V. a. [Skr. dd. H. do give] lirll 
miti cbarb&(i&; Urikh likhu& j& ( 
miti dagi)&. 
Data, Date from, y. n. &«$riA /rom, kial li 
larikb aa shiira h. y4 parirambh h. ; ( 
yiliigiii; bumy&d parnL 
Dated, p ad,, mav.irrikba; marqQmah. 
Dative, ii- [Lat. do. Skr. rfJ. ?6r. deh. H. 
givB] (Gram.) m.ifQl-beb; sampradin-i 
hilat-i-iiasabi ya raafUliyat; cbaturth: 
Datum, D. m&iam ji jaiii-bui bU ; fan. 
Daub, T. a. [il. 4'A dip, ittaWd sUin.] 
I. tntar lagiaa; thapiiiL; ckbopiib 
D&; lesni; b&tiu&; bhartia ; lathcfni. 
Hia body WM douied all oier with 
ViU tanOm ioddit pill nollt nfii M>i<.i 
Daai your hutU vith hauey, and ; 

have plant; of Sie*. Prov. 
Jahdn guf Kagd pakdh nakk^ifdi Uiil 




2. pauU tMnelf, dob d. ; th&pnft ; th&p& 
d6n& ; motH rang U)arn& ; l!pn&. 
Dftub, n. 1. a smear, dhabb&; MM; &ll!&dgi. 

2. (Faint) aiiM ki musavvari ; dob ; got&. 

Oanchter, n. [4. S. doktor; H. dfht, Pen dukhtar; 

sir, dehitri, from duh milk] dukhtar ; betl ; 

bitiy&; putr!; la^kl; sutA; sibiya; laundijft; 

kuri; bachchi; dhi; jm; biut. [wares, Prov. 

DaugkUrt and dead fish are no keeping 

Betydn our mat*! machiikifdh rakhne H chU 

iiak€h haiik. 

adopted daughUr, d}iei,rB.m ki puttrl, yi beti; 

god llhai larkX; le-pSlak puttrt; dukh- 

itKi^ghier-tnluw, babQ ; badhtL 
tltp daughter, sautell betl; dukhtar-i-rab^b. 
unmarriied daughter, kannyH ; ku&ri ; doshiza ; 

Ilaiint, y. a. [0. Fr. danter, H. ddMnd] dham- 

k&ai; 4&r&a&; dabshat dil&a&; be^il k. ; 

jl cbhu^niL 
Dumtleas, adj. ni-dar; be-Kibarak; be-b&k; 

ba-hirfts; be-khauf; be-j&o; jivat. [Dryden, 
J^aunUtu he rose and to the fight returned. 
I itthd ^'dkarctk, jahg ko woK gay(k. 

muuitleislj, adir. ni-dar; ni-dar ho-kar; be- 

bikiQa; be-khauf. 
BftTy, n. [Skr. dalv, God] KhadIL ; Mau1& ; D&t&. 

So help me Airy. Inthd Alldh tcOld ; KavXS. hdi, 
Bmj Jone's, n. (Saiiors) sbaiUn ; ablTs ; bad. 
tevyJone's locktr, n. (Sailors) samandar; 

Gone to Dwg Jon^t locker. 

Chal ham\ tkaryd-burd hue; gumr gaU 
Dnt, s. [H. (2W a crow] ek qism k& kavyH. 

Dsioi lore one another*8 prattleu Pro¥. 

ffai kawe ko kawe ki boll pasand, 

{Kkagjdne Hag hi hi bhdikd. ProT. 

Crews understand the language of crows.) 
Tawsdle, ▼. n. ganvau& ; vaqt ganv&n& ; tazyaiS 
anqit k. ; k&l bit&n& ; der lag&n&. 

To dawdle away a whole morning; 

Sdrd din gakwdhd. 

Oawdte, Dawdler, n. austyS; k&l ba<£t kame- 

«ai&; waqt zay& kame-nalli. 
Bawk, n. d&k. 

tam, ▼. n. [A. S. dagian, Skr. divas, H. din] 
U grow Ught, pan phatnS; tark& h. ; 
Uior h.; din Bi)utlu&; subaii. h«; plli 

'The m^rmng dewns, Pau phati hcii. 
2. i^'it, ^urQ h. ; irambh b. ; m&zb.; 
iu]pdn&; dikbai d. 
Saviiy o. 1. hreak of day, tafk&; bhor; fajar; 
nftr ka tarka;. subah; subdi-dam; arun; 
sabar; b&mdid; pagah; gajar dam; 6paid&- 
dina;' bballSL 2, beginning, pabel; ahura; 
Id; &rambb; &g&z; ibtid&. 
lift o&[A. S. dasg, Lat dies, H. dims, from 
SkK dfu to sbino.] 1. pervsdf from sunrisoto 
din; ros; nah&r ; aubeh ae sh&m tak. 
Tkftfifld thai! iMvamckiy Iran Bight Shak. 

2WMk mgkt, ▼. 1. 
MmdUmsk fsitt f^JmrUkuiOgmfiib). 

The better the day, the better the deed. Ph>T. 
Achehhd din, oehMd kdm. Pro?. [Pruy. 
Every day has its night, every weal its woe. 
Sar ek din ke tdth rdt, har ek khudil ke $dth 

Night's candles are burnt out, and jocund day 
Stauds tiptoe ou the misty mountain tops. 

Shak. Romeo and Juliet, iii. 5. 7. 
QandUeh ehab iti huih-gaik, avar kkiUchUatl ah 

Chotl pe dhwndU leh h paf^ah he bal hat 

jcUvak gar. T. C. 

3. twenty four hours, rit din; Sthon 
pabar; sbaboros; sbab&nfi roz; tara&m 
din; divas; yaum. 

Fish and visitors smell in three day$. Prov. 
Machhli aur pdhond^ litre din an-lhdond. 
{tk din pahond, dUtre din an-khdond. One 
day a guest, the next a pest.) 

3. a specified period, zam&aa; daur; 
▼aqt; umr. 

He was useful in his day. 

Utne apne tamdne meh aehehhe kdm k9ye. 

4. ifictory, jae ; jit ; fatab ; zafar ; firo^ 
Courage, soldiere ! the daji is ours ! 
Sipdhiyoh, himmat karo! hamdt^fatak hoi f 

day and night, rat din ; nis-din; shab o roz; 

lail nabar. 
day before yeiterday, parsoA (jo guzar gal). 
day by day, bar roz ; din ba-din ; 26 din. 
day labour, mazduri; rozltia; dib&rl; dihSngf. 
day of judgment, roz-i-jazl; qay&mat; mabshar. 
day of the month, mitf; t&rikb; titb. 
day of the week, vS,r ; bilr. 
days of grace, riv&yati din. 
days work, din bhar ka kilm. 
advancing day, cba^hta din. 
a day of the lunar fortnight, titb ; kban. 
astronomical day, najtUni din. 
blind by day^ dinaundab ; diy&fidab. 
by dayy din men. 

civit day, iHt din ; sbab&na roz ; bis&bl din. 
destining day, dhalta din ; urti bel. 
every day, bar roz ; nit din. 
every other day, dOsre din; ekdin blubkar-ke; 

dfisre roz. [roz-iid ; Id. 

festival day, teobar ; parab ; kbusbi ka din ; 
from day to day, din din; ^m ba-din; ^oz 

ba-roz ; pirt! din ; yauman-fa-yanman. 
tfi open day, din dab&fe; din dbaule; din 

do-pabar ; din ke chandne men ; kbule Ukule. 

last day of the mimih, ginti; maakater. 

length of day, dinm&n. 

market day, paith ka din; YOaSkt k& roar. 

9ne day, one cf these days, ek din. 

Well, niece, I hope one day to see yon Itled 

with a husband. ShiA. Much ado. ii. 1. 
Bhat\jt, ekdinwohm hogd H main- tt^h ko 

bar aahit dekhUhfj^. 

on^s days being numbered^ din pfLre ho jiA&; 

gor kin&re lagna. 
the day being far advanced^ bahut din &y& ya 

cba^hft ; din bahut charb gay& tha. 

to-day, adv. Ij ; imroz. 

To-day me to-morrow thea. Brov. Jj ncofil, hd <fi. 
lHj men, kalteif$;dMo,tog§ik herd pkeH, Prov.) 


Dfty trdA. Say-tpring, a. {See Dawn. 1.). 
Day-dream, II. kiivil«iid1; khny&U pul&a. 
Day-Iabotar, II. luiuJQri roiliii-d&r^ kameiii 
nafnr. [bli>irk&. 

Day-atar. n. 1. noining itar, Bubfth ki t&i'&; 

9'> alnkii Clie daj/ttai In th> oeatii-beil. JUtfMn. 

Din U Urt ;(llU.i ;laj I'l tank ai 6ahr miit. 

5. thf lun. sflin'i ; dinkar; ftfUb; ehnma; 

khiirKlLld. [men. 

Cay-tlma, aOv. din kn vaqt; din ko; oliitndne 

Day-work, n. din kl maedarl; din kS "kirn. 

lass, V. n. I (tonf«, olmudbi k.; ohak& 

«haiihdh k.; cbundhiykni. [Sptmir. 

Whllo fiuhlng bmtat »o dnie hi* locble *jtt. 

Ohaviain iirntn utkl Uiitor i/iiAiii ku rliui>H- 

lul tarn luufi. U-^Stl k. 

3. eoi\fu*e, bturifdfT, gbabr&nft ; kliabl k. ; 
DusIb, t a. I. ovfrfoiBtr with light, uhiiki 

chaiiiidb k. ; (stiundliiyftnlt. 

2. lurprUt viih brittianes/, ohatnak 
dikhlilDl : bliarak banftni. 

Ah, fritnd ; to datiU W. tie vitti il«!gn, 

To rwia Ui* thougtit, or tuiiub Ui> li»rt Im 

thine, Popt. 

I^Sti lurK woA haH. ai dou. AaM '.o ih6ii. 

Paidt magar t<t karyo jaiU, ikn^Al aHI V. C. 

Daillfl. V. n. 1. bs omijaowred la light, tir- 

niiiiuk; chuAiibiyinlii chnkft cbftiiA<lh b. 

I dftr* not triut tb«a «y«. [Drgden. 
Tbey dauos io tniaU tad rfatifi with aurpriie. 
U dl.klkoh kS hai-gii naMA (tfi<lr, 
Taajjuh mth dtmuikl. aiidiitTt hmA ehSr. i'. C. 

Dauling, adj cliAmnktS-liufc; tibku ; rakhsbiA. 

De, [ H. dii llirow,]vI-; bl; du-. 

De, h'anj. dd; H. id] ki 

Dead, adj. [H. dliar& laid, biti passed.] 

1. depiivtd of life, mul; murdirj murdah; 
marilbu&; faut; mtitnvnfn. 

BritiK bim dtad or Jiving. ShiJc. 

(/•ko nurd yd jIlS U do ' [Pror. 

Will) give* awiy bia good* htlore b* ii duiiJ, 
Take > beetle aiid knuok hicn ou tbe bud. 
Jo mariK it paKlr ll dt dpnH nd^ 
Tb h Mogrd Jar do tir niki lit. F. C. 

i. deHilule of lift, be-jin; berOh; be* 
dain ; niB-jI; nir-jlo; murdab-sft. 

Diad matter. Slr-jia bailtt. 

Z. rt»«mhUitg deaih, marynl ; murdah-s&; 
murde kf minind ; mirtO samln. 

Dead night. NlkkandadhV >«l. 
Dead «l*Bp, XhiuAb i giifial. 

4. wilhaiU motioit. bo-barakat ; atal ; achat ; 
be-hii o barakat; gair-mutabarrik ; murdi; 

Dtad weight. Mardd-id &«jA : atal bojh. 
AdtadBt\ai. CKnp chep; «os»d(d ; aurdaal. , 

fi. unproductive, ak&ratb ; hirth& ; nir- 
libh; nirartb; be-Ur; bcftSJi; bo-sOd ; 
paffihua; DikamttiA, 

Dtad ilock. Aharatli plUiji. 

6. dutl, inaLid&i BUHt; iid&s; afaurda. 

Dtad cnlur. Pklki yd Miiid raiig. 
Dtad fire. Ifari ig. 

7. monaloiuna, baiibar; yaksln; haiurlr; 


A dtad hie). Spat maiddn. 

8. sure, bochak; be-khnU; k^I- q&til, 

A droit cexttioly. ficcAiii RilAria/.fnitAdut, 
A dead 4but. X'drl ffalt ; mdrnc tili yi qttH 

9. wantinij in rtUifioiu tplrit, be-joah; be- 
jin; sard; miiS; murdah. 

la. ploony, twa; sunolii. 
a dttd Mff, lri[h; llsh; murdah 
a dead litat, (Saeinj) ghuf-duur jia taeit kit! 

ki bftt- jtc na bo. 
a dead language, l>e-riT&j, gnir-inutuvvi^a ;t 

matrOk lablii; pr^chln boll. 
a dead Utter, nianiitlkb, be kir yi birth& (ql 

nQu, figgyi, vogaira); Uqvlm-i-p&rfiiah. 

The law ban beanae a dead UUer. 

J$ qanSiii par ai Idmll ncJiia hati; ye qSnttt 

maiiinU lio gayf, 

a dsftd weight, Uah-sj bhirl; l)bari bojh. [men. 

dtad a head, thlk aidh^ y% siiniii: ; n&k kt Hidb 

dead and alivt, sust; mii&; lakkaf ke miisGq; 

lindab lia-shakl-i-murdab. [guzosbt 

dead and gviie, gayll ^uirl ; gayK bltft ; raft o 
d»iid a* a door nail, dtad tu mntton, dead at 

adooi- poll, niiirdii mui tnurdil; djoi 

nifLtl; mu& lakkar n&. 
t/«a({-£ea(, dam ho cbtik&; tbak t»y&; b&rgayl. 
dead druni, bad-mast; laribKi;; oti&r; M- 

hosh; garqlb; madkoah. 
dead letter office, l&virsi chitthiyon k& daftar; 

dik-<jbar k& voh siga jahiu M be-pate kl 

obitthi vlpis hoti hai. 
dead ioek, 1. be-kam&nl k& tfiU. 
2. (Afet.) atkao; ruk ; rok&. 
dead nien'i ihoet, dndft ke bail ; nilif s. 

To wait (ur a pair of dend mcn'i thoa. 

DUdi moringe jah bait balfhue. Pro*, (divida). 

(When tbe grand father' diM hi* oi we'll 

dead tleep, pakki nltid; murdo ki si iiifid; 

kumbh-kanil iiind. 
dead tree, mari-hui per yfc darakbt ; tbunt. 
deaduater,j>i.nt k[ labr Jo ciialte jahU kfl 

plcbhii tnkrati bai. 
tlu! dead of niglu, (tdbl rit. 
lo eomt io a dead flop, atak j&n&; ruk jlni; 

bntid bo jftLi& ; roka lag jftiu. 
Dead, adv. vAoUy, bilkiil ; sartLsar; sampltna; 

nipat; nihayat; ai-had. 
Dead, D. 1. (of night) &db! rSt; suns&a riC. 

2. (/iMeiMoo'irrfMi, mare log; gayeguire. 
Deaden, V. a. 1. impair, gbatluft; kum k,; 

dblml k. ; kam-ior k. ; Bun k. 

To iJiurffA tho force of a ball. 
Oe«d kl fMl gkataa». 

2. inake dull, inandi k ; sust k. ; kuud k. ; 
m&rni ; be-ab o tib k. 
Dead-heart, a. mardahdil : arsfirdabkbltir. 
Deadly, adj. 1. fatal, marfl; milrak; qltil; 
k&ri; hamhal; bal&kQ^ mohlik. 
2. implarable, kafft; aakht; j&ni. 
Ha bore him a deadly hatred. 
Woh tuki Jiitl daiKman lAd. 

DEA 1 

Saad^-nightabftde, n. lahrilL pkudL 
])ead-iiuroli> n. gam-gia rtg jo mtirde kl 
utlil ke 8ith bi^U j&te haiia; mktami jJL 
■Upe k& bftji. 
IlMditAu, n. Bustl; afsurdagi; be-Uri; urd- 
mehrl; dil-bardishtaj^. 

AwfiuM of % limb. Jm fa) roA jIUd. 
Deadntu of an •;«. ZoZ-t-budrat. 
Dtadatu of tha affscbiotu. 
4/fKr<'aA.<ltli; tard-mArW iaki nfaid kajanA. 
DMtd-«»t,i]. 1. (/njxininj()ju)fmeumill-bhagmt. 
3. ahikirf kittte k& tSk men baitbD&. 
3. {Slang) hamlK; bills. 
D«td-iraU, n. Toh divir jia mefi khifld aur 
mokfae nft bon; bin &lon ki div&r. [bftvL 
Ditd-wlBd, n. (yaMl.) mukbklif ;& nK-mtJlfiq 
Dea( ftdj. [H. tia/ s maaical ioatrument,] 
I. itaiUing the tente of hearing, bahi i ; kar. 
IkiKfman ara quiok-ejad lod dutmilfut.Pro*. 
Bakrt nigM-MittitrUtl*ban Itoit luUh, [FroT. 
Who are lo dti^ a* thoaa that sill aot hear. 
Ut n bark-kar bakri kaunje mnt noAlA. 

8. Hntmlling lo hear, be-khabar; magrl; 
maohlfc; be-pairi; be-fikr; gifil. 

Da^f to naaoD. Aqt H ih nakln tiuM. 

lo (urn a deaf ear to, b&t na Bunnft ; iltifkt na 
karnk; tavajjoh na karnft; suol aa-aoiil k. 

Stafan, v. a. bahtH karnft. 

Dtaf-mate, a. gOngk babr&. [gosh. 

DmSusj, n. babri-pan; aiql-i-Amea; gariiul-i- 

DMl,Dwloat, T. a. [U. ^al throw, dtai to 
gJTB, A. 3. dal a portion, H. ^atij/d a buket.] 
dutid; bUtcft ; bb&g k. ; taqrim k. ; qiamai 
L ; hiaa£ k.'; denL 

Dtal thj brMd to the bungir. JtOHok. 1. viii.T. 
Skaioii koraflbiilo/ 

OmI, t. n. 1. moia dittiilmtioM, tdLAtot; biaA 
k. ; taqdm k. ; bhig k. 

To dtal the oardi. T^A hHitni. 
S. tiajie, bevhir, beop&r, leu den, ji \Mx 

The* bu7 and aell, thay dtal and ttafflo. Sontk. 
Weh Im dot aiu- tana} itoptr barte AaM. 

3. lo AoK trantaelioru toilh, muimll k. ; 
bartko k.; wroUr rakhnk; len den k.; 

To be hardly dtaU with. Sakka tahna. 

4. bthave well or ill, chains ; baratiA; 
nlfik k. ; bhalK jS buri L ; pash SnS. j 

To deal fairly. Initffa niySo hirni. \ 

It dial aceording to laic, ha«b-i-z&btah amal k. ; I 

tuub-i-Barisbti taJTls k. ; mutibiq qiuOn ke 

lodeal hg, achchbl yl burl tarah pesh SnS. 
to lUai in, maahgQl b. ; kir o tAr k. ; ur o kir 


bdtatwith, anlOk k. ; bartio k. : tad&ruk k.; 

SmI, n. l.quoHtitjf, miqd&r; mitrS. [taqslm. 

3. dittriiiUioH, {of tardi) lAi^t; bhIg; 

3. pme board, ob^ ;& aanobar k& takhtah. 
a ynol Asl, bahnt >L ; bahut koohb. 

DmIbt, a. 1. betqArt; banaj karne-rtli; dok&n- 

A diattr in hwdwara, ZoiUJb AiMh iedk»e^lS. 

2. (o/c(inf«)tIsbbintna-?it&;qIsim-i-tiah. 

3. {In eomp.) faroah; farusbiuda; gar; 
gkr; wSiL 

a double doakr, du-bheajB; riy&-kir; afl-tn&r. 

DMliiig,n. I. biuwaeu, kirobir;lea den; mu- 

&mlS; Iev& devi; dtd o aitad. 2. trade, 

■audSgrf; tijimt; hanej; beub&r; kharid a 

fitrokht; beo[Ar; bauha^rat; bai o abari. 

3. Irtatmmt, snlOk. [k&rL 

doiiUe t/ea/tfl^, du-bbeayS-pan; makklii; rijS- 

fair deaiing, sacboba mu3LU]l&. 

flaiH dealing, khari miiimlk; OS muftmlS; 
■auhoLS beob&r ; Im&a k&aaudS; be-riy&I; 
a&d>!l ; s&ds-miziji. [bad-di^nati ; be-ImSuL 

iiMfair dealing, kbo^ mu&mll; bad-mnSmlagl; 

rur, adj. [A.. S. deore, H. dular Iddld.] 

1. kigh-pneed, nm^b^; ka|I; berbi;fl; 
bofh-molK; tes; garSn; oba^-bi-bui. 

Be that aoiild know what would be tliw. 
Need be ■ mercbvnt but one jear. ProT. 

JojSni kai kngi farM totm tn^l, 
Wei MoadSjar koM fa^al ek til. F. C. 

Till obeapnat of ui ii ten groMa tea diair.Skai. 
fail h> bk\ kam auAiigt kaik. 
i. marked by teareily, kamjSb; nidir; 

Adcorjear. Kllttd lami'iHrdtainiat, 
3.belev»d, azit; pif&i«; l&dlK; duUt«; 
■^an;JSm; mubib. 
dear a$ th« afple of the eye, Ukh kl putU jt 

t&rft; qurrat-ul-ain. 
dear me, th 1 a&oa t k|l b&t ! 
dear {to a child) piySre ; meil j&ii ; jtal. 
dear {lo a mother) aa)ni&& jin. 
my dear, mere pijiire; mere j^nl; aib-i-man. 
to hold dear, aile ja pijiri lakhnS; qadr 

Smz, ady. mabhgi; garU. 

If thou attempt it will coit thee dear. Skat. 
Agar turn vtka itnS ekdkogt lo Junto moAil;* 

Smi, SUTf, o. piySA ; j&ul ; ISl ; mahboK 
That kin I carried from thee, dear. Skat, 

Corioiuinu, T. 3. 
Jo boKA, (onan, main iw teri llyd. 
Swr booght, adj. mafihge niol ka ; gurin-bahi; 
gar&n kharid ; gaiilA qlmat. 

Star bought expericiioe. Kio-ki iltkl iid bit. 
Beu-ieller, n. manhg-molk i gar&n-faroah. 
DMTI7, adr. 1. with ejection, piySr se ; prit ae ; 
mubabhat se ; ahaiiq se ; pit ae. lekahnA. 

To loT* oDi dearly. Sin is oili rakknd yd 

9. grievotiely, manh(;k ; garftft. [maruL 
to tell one'* life davlj/, mSr-ke marnk ; Intake 
DMUrneat, n. 1. etutUneit, gartni ; teii i mi^ngl. 
Tbt dearneu of com. An^ yS gMe Idtt^ 

2. preeioueneu, muhabbat ; ailE-ul-vi^O^ ; 
pijSr ; ikhlSs. 

^e deanuu at friendlhip. IkkHle-i-dMtt. 
Dearth, ti.[Z.-lh=ii. thdtUte] kitj to^ qaha^; 
kamjkbl; tangl; ahabar sbainli. 



VtaXk, u. I. decto4e, maiit ; kit; ajal; qaE\; 
[D&rg; niirt; fani; iiitiqal; wafS^ [noAin- 

i)eath kaepB ua ealenHu'- Maut Id kot raqt 
Tliere U no medioiiio >g«nBt dtath. Prov. 

Jfouf H iudA dari RuAln. Prot. 

/Jdttt defiet tiia doctor, Prav. JVuut Ix dge. 
baid Aflto. Prov. 

Death't diy is doom's day. Piov. ip mart jab 
parlu, Prov. (iiMr roc the delugH.) 

DtittK uimU ub eTB'j vliere. Ptot. 

JVoul »tj3?aA tai. Prar. 

Stalli d«Touni Ifctnlv M veil u shMp. Piov. 

Miiif It dgt chiatt bare lab baiibaT, 

(Before destli grrat uid laiall are equkl) 

Swiftly flies tlie feilhsred dcallL J)iydtn. 

Pur-dOr "lOHl In iirti Aal 

Dtaik, tlie king of terren. 

Ma u( •»& ^roH hi tardSr. 
i. txtinclioft, b^jli jmiE; nSs; nestf; nH- 
bttdli ii&-paidi; barhlli; £av&l. [Uur. 

8, M(»in«r »/ dying, maut kl dhaog ;& 

A. ifAitil, which I sblior, Slink. AUt taarat le 
tnviKt nn/njl hat; Ytk bun moui luti. 

A. ntue o/ lieat/t, maut k& ^ran, sabab, 
vUllft y& mQJib. 

I'll be tlie dtath ol you one of thetB days '. 
Hi na ft ifi'n maiA l<m\tl> mil- kl {foJu/'gd / 

G. a the'eton a« Oie aymbnl of tkatL pinjar; 
thfttrl; miirdnh ; ustiikliau o post. 
italk't jav). dtalh'i matUh, maut ktl mQiib. 

lie wu snapped from diath't jate. 
Mattl kc mink mci it baeki KaL 

aeeiiiental death, marg-i-iltiaql ; oaujog mirt. 
at lUalh'i door, on one'* dealJi-beJ, at tlie point 

of death, qaiib-ul-mai^ ; jan ba-lab ; pa dar- 

gor; ctiiSg-i-sabari; jamni kinare; lakrijon 

meu ; marnc ko ; chalan-har. 
eaate dtath, xaac dlliia; marvii dlliti; halik 

karvaiii; ktiQti karvaiiL 
feign death, mniit ki Bflrat baniiia ; dam churS- 

n&; sails kheucbuB; dameadboayicbarhaiia. 
nalurat death, maut-i-tabai j rog y& bimarl se 

premature or vntimely death, a-Hl mirtj be- 

vaqt maut -, javau maut. 
tpiritua/ death, a-dliarin ; pip. 
etoning to death, sniigg&r k. ; rnjra. 
tuddtii death, marg-i-niafi.J&t ; acbioak maut; 

qaiilS iiigah&ui. [vazah. 

the galft of death, death't door, maut ka dar- 
to be the death of, maut )sa k&raa, bSix, y\ 

mOjibh, ; mSrna. [biit^na. 

to court or seek one'* death, maut chahua j-i 
to give a deilh bloie to, mftr diUii; u&s k. 
to haHen one'i death, v. maut ke vaqt se pable 

to put to death, mix A%\ah; jan Icnl; qatl k. 
Deatti'bed, n. bistar-i-ajnl ya marg. 
Death-bell) n. maut ka ghautil; kilcb k& naq- 

qAmli ; kos-i-rahlat. 
Death-damp, n. maut U paslnah; dtt. 
Death-leas, ad j amar; bc-matit; abio&shl; li- 

zavi! ; li-yaiM ; ajar. 
Death-like, adj. maut-sl; BunfAn. 

J>ca(A-Uh itilUiMt. 5aKt Udlom, wnnm. 

Death-rattle, n. ghDugrfi : ghans. 
Death'i-head, u. khopd, yi. murde kl miMtj 

uaryut ; kliappar. 
Death-struggle, n. jao-kani; maut ki kash- 

maka^h; tiiza. 
Deatb-tokea, n. alan^ll i-mntit ; marne ke Mir. 
Death-warrant, n. I. {Lau:) hukm-i-phlnal; qat! 

kapaivaiiab; bukai-i-maut. 

2. (J/et) uii'as; na-unimedf ; y&a ; hirm&n, 
Death-watoh, n. safaid kiri ; kit. 
Debar, V. a. \\i. dt give, bar a bar] b&f lag&ni ; 

ark.; rokiia ; barajna; mana k. i li&z rakh- 

ni ; sad-i-rab h. ; toarruz k. ; iiiahrQm k. 
Debaie, v. n. 1. degrade, gliaUiA; ntlrni.; 

giriui; bigirna; kbot& k.; «ubuk k. ; 

kaiiiqadar k. ; TaqargbaUoa; darjakamk-i 

darjcaeiitat'ui; puat k. i kbailfk. ; haqirk ; 

oa'^ruu se giraua; salil k. ; adar ri3u gliataiil; 

izzat bigirniv; ba-ibrll k. ; samigUn k. 
2. (Coins) khota k,; niilauol k. ; tiilhi 

miliua; uirsa k. 

Ta dtiatt sold with alloy. Stni Hoti k. ; tent 
mt'i niPla k. ; lone mii kkal mild-ke Ni<-(rl k. 

Debaaement, n. gbatao; bigar; kbot khiflai; 

sillat; rusiry; be-qadd; eubkl; kamqadrii 

tabqir; auadar. 
Debatable, adj. qabil-i'uzr ya babae; tnrk-jog. 
Dsbabe, II. I.a^9/if,jhagr9;1aril;qaiiy&; husht 

muabt; ragiK. 2. eonlenlioH in toorda, bt-hi; 

miibibisi; taqilr; lafEi takrar; aiEi-i-lafil. 
Debate, v. a. [H. {><ici dispute.] liad bib&d k.; 

bahs k. ; babasuii ; mubihiia k, ; muk&lma 

k. ; takrar k. ; jbagrir'ia; uwa-i-lafEl k. 
Debate, v. n. bad bibad k.; bahasnt; baboa k; 

takrar k. ; hujjat L ; dalll k, 
Debater, u. taqnri;& ; takrati ; bib&d! ; jhagr&1a ; 

debating eocitty or club, babs aur taqrir karne ki 

sabb&; mabbasah. 
Debauch, v. a. [Skr. bhrieht spoil] bi^^a; ktia- 

rabk. ; abtar k. ; ^lada k. ; be-asmat k; 

naiig Q&inuB leni. 
Debasch, u. be-etidali; bad-paifacKl; oljlsfal; 

masti; sharab-khiiati; taniashMiiI; aubisbL 
Debaoohed, adj . aubasb ; shambi ; matt ; aljish ; 

sbabvat-parast. ; kanii; kim-HKir. 

He hud a coarse and dtiaBchtd look. Butmir. 
Vtkt chrkn tt JncAcAd-paii lapaitd tliS. 

Debauchee, n. shobda; sbariUI^ randi-bti; 

aiib&ah; ebabvat-parast j riud ; aly&ab. 
Debauchery, n. badkiri; ulyasbl; raa^-bbl; 

ftuba.nbl; most!; sbahvat-parasU. 
Debenture, Q. l.awritinyaeknoKled'jin^adtbt, 
udbar-patr; tamassuk; qnra-lihat. 

2. a cuelon hoiite efrtijicate, panuat \X 
va."Ii]ft; ravanuab ; bflhiL 
Debilitate, v. a. [Lat. ahilie aide, H. fioistrength,] 
katn-ior k. ; dur-bal k ; n-bnl k. ; nl-U»ia 
k. ; eaif, naqlh yi nl-tiqat k. 

To d^ililat* tb« dieetiion by iat«mp«r>nw. 
at-ettdHyoh M Aa.-iifM U uHf karr*. 
DeMHtating, adj, a-bal yi kam aor kame-»ili. 




BeWitatioiit a. a-balta; kam-sorl; wot 
Debility, d. arbalt& ; kam-zori ; m&ri-pan ; naqfi- 

faat; Di-tiqtl; natavanf; zof. ' f&s&b. 

nenfous dtkiliip^ patthou il kam-Eorf; zoM- 
DeUt, D. qarza; udhar; leDa; atll; den; 

kbarch; uthfto; p&na. 

The d^it side of an account. Dtn yd ufhdo hdkh&td. 

ai hU pensfmal debits ba-z&t hi zimme-v&r. 
dthU and credit, jamft kbarch. 
Debit, v. a. 1. elutr^e with debt, ite j& den men 
likhna yft charh&nll ; n&m likhn&. 

3« enter an the debtor side, niadd-i-kfaarch 
men likhni ; v2 charhanS \ raqam kisi ke nam 
likhnS; zimme likhna. 
Bebitable, adj kharch men likhne ke ISjaq. 
Ilebonair,adj.khu8h-vaza; kbush-akhl^; khallq. 
Seboacb, y. n. [Fr. houche mouth, H. hddih 
eorners of the mouth] tang jagah yft gh&ti 
se nikalna. 
I)ebli3,n. {Gtol.) [Fr. hrieer, H. 6/iarvantobreak] 
fragmenU, reze; char; chdril. 2. rubbish, 
malbi; chhatan chhfltan; rntror&. 
Debt, n. f H. dend, Ar« den, Skr.' dS, Lat. do to 
give] tnat which is due, den& ; den ; dSldauI ; 
rin ; ndh&r ; qarz ; &t& ; qarz v2jn. 

Out of debt, out of danger. Prov. 

I Rin H dihUtdjokhah it ehkdld 

Debt ifl the worst credit. * ProT. 

Udhdr tab tt bwi adkh hoL 
{Dend buri bald ?iai. Prov. To owe is woe.) 
He tbat geU out of debt growa rich. Pror. 
Qarz $e nikld amir kud, 

2, monies^ receivable, p&ni; lena; leny&; 
lar-i-y&ftani ; jaftani; rin. 3. trespass, ehOk; 
khata ; taqhir ; qusur ; p&p ; gun&h. 

Forgive ua our debts / Siatt^ v. ii 12. 

Hamdrt gun&h muOf kar / 

ddd bearing no interest, hath-udhar ; be-bjajQ 

ttdh&r ; be-sudi qarz ; bagair add ke qarz ; 

ngood debt, aohchhl udhfir; pane-jog rin; qarz 

mamkinul-vusal; kharl udhar. 
(t just debt, dain i^jib; qarz vajib-ul-ada. [tanl- 
m outstanding debt, ]^il; y&ftani; qarz-i-y&f- 
had debt, dQbe, bO^e ja batte khate ; g&l khata ; 

d&bant; khar&budh&r; qarz-i-gair-mumkin- 

nl-YAsal ; dQbl udhSlr. 
hmgin dM; qars-d&rl; den-dail. 
discharge or liquidation of a debt, udhftr chu- 

kaut&; rin chukSlo; rin mukt; rin dan; 

adig qarz; radd-i-qarz. 
iispuUd debt, jhag^e ya uljhe^e ki udhar; 

jhfig^ kilL^rin; qarz-i-mutan&z&. 
frufrom debt, rin rahit; kisI ka den& nabin; 

qarz ae bar! ya pak. 

He 18 free from dtht, U$§ hitl kd dend noAU. 
l^ qf debt, udh&r ki gathri ; bhail qfirz-darl I 
99^'h€a4 ondears in debp, deep in debt, rin-bu^f ; 
lin^g^Uraat; qarz m^ g&rq; ba^a qarz-dar; 
\al W qarz-d&r ; jalian k& qarz-d&r. 
ifort.qf-A^M^ jusY^-qarzi; udliSx-ans. 

recovery of a debt, vusul-i-qarz ; rin-pr&pti. 

settlement of a debt, udhir nibte^; nibUo; 
udh&r chukauti ; qarz k& tasfiya; qarz ki 
saAl; bhugt&n. 

to incur a deU, udhar len&; udh&r par lena; 
qarz-dar h. ; qarz uth&Q&. 

to pay one's debt, qarz ut&rn&, chnk&na, ya ad& 
k. ; udhfir ohul^nfi. 

to pay the debt of nature, mamfi ; jan ba-haq 
h. ; qaza o qadar kfi qarz chukfiufi ; jan ba- 
haq tasilm h. [tamasauk. 

written acknowledgment of debt, qarz-khat; 

written release from debt, farig-khati; rin- 
chukautL [girandah; riniyfi; rini; madytin. 

Debtor, n. dain-dfir; qarz-dar; maqrUz; qarz- 

an. insolvent debtor,, divfiliya;. nir-dhan riul; 

qarz-dar be-zar. 

lA Aihewi an imolvent Jeitor became alave to 

his creditor. Mitfwrd, 

Aihnism^ tk divdlyd qaraz-ddr apnt qaras- 

khudk kd guUbn ho gaydu 

judgment debtor, madiyQti digit; maglabdigri. 

Debnt, n. ahura; firambh; a^; ibtidii na- 

mad; awfingi, gavalye, yfi nacbaniye kfi 

mahfil ya sabha men pahle pahal utarnfi. 

Debntant, n. pahle hi pahal apna fan dikhfine- 

Decade, n. [Gr. deha, Skr. dash, H. das, Per. 

dali ten] dahfil; dahika; ashrfi; qaaran; jug. 
Decadence, Decadency, n. utfir; ghutti; zavfil; 

tanazzul (Decay). 
Decagon, n. [Gr. gonia, Skr. ho^r, H. hon comer] 

dahkouiya ; dah-goahfi ; ahakl-i-muaahshar. 
Decalogue, n. Khuda ke daa hukm jo MfUfi 

par utre the. 

Decamp, v. n. bhfigna; bhag jfina; chale jfinfi; 

chhalfiya h. ; champat h. ; alop h. ; gum h. ; 

giyab h. ; rafQ chakkar h. ; kfiftlr h. ; farfir h. 

He decamped with the money. Woh rupaiyd 

like champat hud. 

Decant, v. a. [Sp. and It. canio\ nitfimfi ; nndel' 
nfi;ulatna; dhalna; ojna; ujhalua ; ek bar- 
tan ae dOare mei^ fihiatah ahiatah dalnfi. 

To decant wine. Shardb nitdmd. [kantar. 

Decanter, n. alilshfi; mitifi; qarfibah; (Cor.) 

Decapitate, v. a. [Lat. caput, H. khopri, Skr. 
kapdl head J air katnfi ; qatl k. [mamfi ; qatl. 

Decapitation, n. aia kfitau ; air kfitnfi ; gardan 

Decarbonize, v. a. koeia nikfilnfi. 

To decarbonize the blood. Jiag ke nite JE^ftn kd 
Idl khOn ban&na, ydne wtkd koild nikdlnd. 

Decay, v. a ghatnfi; tanazzul pakarna; zayai 
h. ; zaval pfina ; kam h. ; boaldah h. ; kam- 
zor h.; galna; jharna; dhalna; bigarnfi; 
parna; ghiana; nmrjhanfi.; barbadh.; tabah 
h. ; girna; matt! h. ; reh lagna. 
Ill fares the land, to haeteoing ilU a prey [smith. 
Where wealth Accumulates, and men decay. Odd' 
Bai khardbi malk meh^ aur bab-tahf^ dsd^ AafA, 
Admi ki chh\j hai, par tar kejSn aMdr kaih. F. C. 

Decays n. [Lat. cadere, 0. T. eaer^ H. girna to 
foil] ghatt! ; gbat&o ; dfaalfio; utfir; zayal; 
tanazzul; idbar.; fansCUlgl; gbisfio. 





Deceasa, n. mirt; maut; HI; intiqil ; viifilt; 

kiich; reiiliit; mfch. 
Deoeaied, adj. mvi \ mai hOm ; mat^ ; mutnyafit ; 

baikuiith-bttdbl ; guznr gajft; lungfQr; bft- 

hiaht-uaBlb; aiii-g-Uashl. 
Deceit, n. [Lat. capftu lake, H. iajmt gwile] dho- 

k& ; dhopl \ butts, ; chhal ; dam jh&uaa ; niakr- 

phaiid; kapat; fareb; daj^E; Jul; liIU; pbar- 

phund; tha^&I; fitrnt; uharitr; chhal Viatte. 
Sectilfiil, adj. kapti;(ibhali;i; jaliya; Taiebt; 

dngi-btus; thog; iiiakk&r; fitrati; bhagnlijft; 

f&n-fareH; bil&B':£; mutafantil, 
DaceilftlUy, adv. kaput, jui, dhoke, j5 butte ae ; 

da>;a'l>a2t yi hlla-eail he. 
Ceeeitfulness, u. chhal battS; dhoha-dihi; dngi- 

ba.:i; faili^xazl; iiiakkari ; rob&h-b&zi; taitvir. 
receive, T, a. bulta ya dhokt d.; bahkaiil; 

b&Ji bataiil; chhal deiiK; chhalna; bliu!iv& 

d.; goti d. ; inugaltad,; dam d.;farebd.; 

thagn& ; jhiiiai d. ; d^a d. ; mauduii. 
DeoeiTBT, n. chhallyi ; thng ; knptt ; dliokl dene- 

viti ; dagi-b&z; f>irebi: baglft bbagat ; dhopi;&. 

Dtciipiitg III X dneiver ii uob kQarcij. ProT. 
Burt tang iurdJ, jtA^I tin khutSt. Pfov. 

Men were dteeireri ever, 

One foot in an, (d<< ciiie an shore, {ado. iii K„p. 
To one thing onsUnt never. Shut, Much 
MardkiHUhficI,},^ to. iuelih noAIii haitUbOr, 
PSaii tk p&ni BirA Aai to.pBt dlgar bar inner. 
Algamt.ektillptpatlienaMnvivli!laltBr. F. C. 

December, n. (Cor.) diaaiubnr; poh; aiigrail 

bavhvan mabiiia, 
DeceniTirats, n. [Lat. vir, Skr. vlr, man] Rum 

ke das hakimci) kf iumiat jfi ud k&ohd& yi, 

obde k! miidJat 
Decency, n. \ . prapt-iety, sughrapi, ; eobh^-paii; 

duruati; shAyastagI; m&qSliynt; aallqa. 
2. tnodettji, Kharni ; l&j ; hayk ; aukach. 

Dietary and dee'irum »™ not pride. ProT. 

LSjinkach hachh obhiKinnaHh kal. [efilJL 

reoennial, adj. daa-barEl; das baras-ka; dah- 

Decent, adj. l.Aecomtn^, aliayuata; sobhi-van; 
sugb»r; miqQl; l»-sallqa; bba!&. 

Dttinl conduct. Shigatta ehSl chulan. 

2. modfil, lajvanti ; ba*haji ; shuata ; 
p&klzah ; lajjilvan. 

Decent iBDgiinge. P3ilia\ toibTn. [togl ■>- 

Decently, adv. sugb^pe se ; aaliqc ae ; ahayns- 

Dectntlii dreued. Shdi/aita hipft pahni ktil. 

Deception, n.[H.ffAopd deceit] dbokS-dihI:dug&. 

bazi ; htli-BSzl See Deceit. [mugl.1tnh-dah. 

Deceptive, adj. dhoke lueA d&lne-vala; farcbl; 

Decide, v. a [Lat. catdtre, H. chiind to cleaTe]. 

1. teltle. thairanft ; qavam k. ; qarar d. ; 

Dirnek. ; nishchek. 2. iW^t, rhuhliia; faislli 

k. ; infisal k. ; rafa k. ; muiiqatok. ; hukm 

d.; fatwad. ; iggya d. 
Decide, t. ii. rafa h.; ohukna; fuiaal h. ; mun- 

qata h. ; faiala h. ; nibatuL 

The court dteided in fiVor of the defendatit. 
Adilat nt ha-haqq-i-midiie-a'aA faiiloA dly/L 
Who ehall lUeide nhen dnotoni diugrM ! Popt. 
Jab gvTil larefi le iaun niipiUre I 

Decided, adj. unqwttionaUe, niBliohai; yaqluf; 
qatai; muhaqqaq; muqarrarah; liraib. 

A decided Ijargun, Btihak tuiM taudi. 

2. deUmunrd, diifh; muataqii; macbfit ; 
a-tal; rauiamDaam. 

A very d4cided mai:. £t lard muitagil thaJtkt. 
A dtcidtd purpose. J/Niammain irada. 

Decidedly, ady. bilaknllm ; la-kalam ; aadbaD ; 

qntaan; avaabye kar-ke. 
Decidnoiu, adj. {Bol.) pat-jhaii. 
Decimal, adj. [Lat. tfcMm. ikr. doA, H. dai. 

Pel, dah ten] daavSn- &4ha]*iy»b; ashail. 

A (fecimaJtraetioD. Kaiar oJikiriyak : datamUa. 

rffc/mdi potiK, ashiriyah kinlftmat; batczl. 
cireulalinff dteimal, rteurriitg dtcimtd, kaoar- 

Decimali, a. daai tii kasar ; daahamlaT. ; roll 

hisab jig raeb dag daa ad>td ae hiUb bo. 
Decimate, t. a. I. tithf, bar ek daa meft ae ek 
ko l(!ii&.t2. punuA tcilh death every tenth man, 
das pichbe ek ko qati k. 
Decinwtion, n. dah-yakl. 

Decipher, v. a [A. *»>'.]. 1. tran^ate from a 
' fi/ier, sifaron ae roatiab nik&hia vKpafhua. 
2.unrau«;, lial k.;khulDa;zibir L; Ubir 
; nikalna. 

Decipherable, adj. tiblr ya hal ke liyaq. 
Decision, n. I. judgment, fuisla; iiifibil ; oib- 
ter&; cbukauta; parchhi. 

Detit^on of the ouurt. Piiiita--iaiotat. 
2. dettrtninntion, drij-hta; luazbijtl; aSbit- 
qadmi ; iatiqiil. [„ Mm Hya. 

He iiot«d witb greKt deeiiian. Vi nt hart iitiijiSl 

Decisive, adj. qatai; ritiq ; muuqata; aif 
ahSfl ; do tiak ; ttikrS toj. 

A rffcuriv bBCCle.' Har jil lilaril. 

decMtvt annoer, javab ahifi. 

ive opinion, qatai rafi. 
Deck, T. a [tir. deelcn, H. dlidnktiA to corer]. 

1. courr, dhlkiia; dbluima ; dhakna. 

2. ad-irn, siiigariii ; iraatab k.; eauvirnll 
Bobba d.; sftj&na ; Iwniiua 

The de<T niCli spanglea dected tbe ground. Dryden. 

S/iabnam ke moli/on le niuailjifn zamln As). 

8be deeied berself nitb her eu-ringB and b<r 

jetcelB. HoKo. ii. 13. 
Ufic hSlgdh QUI- tirS gakuS fahaii. 

Deck. n. 1. (o/athip) takhta; paUo; Ukhts 
bandl-vili nianzil. 

2. poet o/eardt, Vish kr gaddi 
Swmthf dtfi. Sab bdii utKd lo'l P^afkaml 
SahjI'Srlaf ' [kiyi hui. 

Decked, adj. Ukhton se pHti-huS ; takbta-bandl 

Declaiin, v. n. [Lat elama'ie, Skr. iri cry} 1. 

! kalam k. ; bakhiniia ; bayan k.; taqrir k.; 

barnan k. 2. rant, bakvad k; bak jhak k; 

hnfbai-atia; jhik jhik k.; harzi-goj k.; Imnbi 

I chaiiri hankni. [bakhaDiie-vall. 

I Declafmer, n. baten fcarne-vali; be-Aeda 

Declamation, n. be-mini rangfa kal&m; lafi 

b! lafz ; kh&ll sbabd ; lafiazi. 

I Hera deelamatina. Kkali lagSH. [Umb] ohanrt 

DeolamatoTy, adj. lafi(f;BfaabdI; khokll (biteA); 




oin, Q. 1. statement J bajSn ; baman ; 
qaul ; iqrftr ; tahiir ; taqrir ; kaifi jat. 
e dedanUion of an opinion. IthUV'i-rdi, 

^to) bajftn-i-dava ; arzi d&v&.. 

7om.) izh&r ; iqrar. 

claration, izfaHr-irlialafi ; iqrilr az*rue 

iqiHr-iiima saleh. G. 0. 

TO, Declaratory, adj. mazhar; mushir; 

; tasribi ; mohtai^. 

V. a. [Lat. de elarare to make clear, 
Ind lay open]. 1. bolnft ; kahn& ; baj&a 
man k. ; iqr&r k . 
7om,) izh^r k.; iqrar k. 
' <me*8 self, apni ifSda y& rS/8 z&hir k. 
, adj. mazhara ; mubaljanab. 
m^ n. 1. slope, dhal ; dhalao ; utar ; 

; nasheb ; nichan. 2. deterioration, 
; kami; tanazzul; zaval. 3. (Gram.) 
gardan ; saiigya ; s&dban. [munsarif* 
le, adj. qabil-i-tasrif ; tasrif-pizir ; 
on, n. 1. inclination, jbuk&o; niche kl 
lail&ii ; mail ; ruja. 2. deterioration, 
; tanazzul; zaval; nuziil. 
ist.) kou ya z&viyil darmiy&n khat-i- 
. aur simt-ul-r&i. 4. (Gram.) gardfta ; 

insiraf; s&dhan. 

m o/tfie compass or needle, sfli k& mof 
rah ke thik nisf-un-nah&r se. 
>r, n. jhukao-nap-auzar. 
V. n. [H. dhalnd] ^hukuik ; nihumi; 
» ; utarn& ; khamMab h. 
16 day declines. Din dhcdtd hai. 

V. a. gardanni ; sidhni ; tasrif k. 
n. 1. ghatti ; ghat; ut&r ; kamI ; tanaz- 
lavHl; rajat; inhit&t. 2. (Med,) kami; 
takhfif; inhitat 
decline of fever. Bukhdr hi hamL [nasheb. 

f, n. dhU ; dhal&o ; dhal&n ; utftr ; 
a, n. [Lat. eoquere. H. pakdnd to cook] 
ke act, ub&l ; josh. 2. an txtract, l^hft; 

iida; auntL [Arbuthnot, 

le plant be boiled in water the strained 

[uor is called the decoction of the plant. 

' biUi ho pdnl meh ubdUt\ to ushd ehhdnd' 

ia p&ni ut bell hd arq hakldSgd, 

ise, v. n. tat yfi asal juz ntk&ln&. 

5 deeompoee water. Pdni he ajzd alag hearnd, 

tsition, n. murakkab ch!z ka a1aihd& 

ipne asl juz ya tat mefi. 

ition of forces, kal zor yfi bal ka taj- 

i alag karnfi. 

ition of light, rausbnl ko ta-azzfi k. 

mnd, ad;. (Bot.) gathilfi ; sathfi-bufi. 

I, V. a. siAgarnfi; sajfinfi; sobhfi d. ; 

nfi ; banfio k. ; sundar y& khab^iarat 

I ; BUthrfi k.; zeb o zinat d.; firfistah k. ; 

b d.; finlsta pairasta k. 

on, n. 1. ihe act, banfio ; saj&vat ; zeb ; 
2:1 ; firfiyash ; zebfiyaab ; sanT&r ; zinat. 
mam/enjt, gfiz s&mfin; singfir; bhflkao ; 

military decoration, tamga jo busn-i-kbidmat 
ke badle fauji mulazmon ko miltfi bai. 

Decorative, adj. siAgril; banfi sai&vril ; firfistab 
pairastab; mu^aiyaD. 

Decorator, n. singarue-f filfi ; firiista karne-i^fi ; 

Decorous, adj. ehfiyasta; Ifiyaq; kbusb-aslab; 

bfi-saliqa; pasandida. 

Decoi'oiif behayioar. ShAyasta ehdl yd ravalya, 
A deeovoui pretext MdqUl bahdna yd usr. 

Decorticate, f. a. [Lat. cortjx, H. ehhilkd 
bark] cbbilkfi utfirufi; cbbilufi; nikbornfi; 
post dOr k. [pfis o lihfiz. 

Decorum, n. sugbrfipfi; saliqa; sbfiyastagi; 

He kept with princes due decorum, 
Tet never stood in awe before 'em. Swift. 

BaraUd amlrok ie ihdyetstagi, 
Magar unn kaibat na kartd habhL F. C. 

Decoy, v. a. |'H. dfiokd deception] dbokfi d. ; 
dam d. ; fareb d. ; jfil men pbansfinfi ; Ifise 
par la^nfi; vargalfinnfi; ghfit mei& Ifinfi; 
lobb d.; Ifilach d. ; targib d. ; phuslfinfi; 
pbansfinfi; pbfiAsnfi. 

A fowler had taken a partridge who offered to 
decoy her companions into the snare. 

Sir R. L. Estrange, 
Ek ehifl-mdrne eh Utar pahrd thd usne hahd 
hi maih tere jdl mA isur tUar pakarvd 
To dsooiy troops into an ambiish. 
Bis&ls ho dhoke $e bani meh U jdnd. 

Decoy, n. 1. allure, dbokfi; dam jbfinsfi; fareb « 
pbuslfivfi; Ifisfi; pbfinsfi; mugaltfi. 

2. a trap, parandon ke pakaf neki . agab ; 

pbandfi; ghfit. [(piff^n). 

Decoy-bird, Decoy, n. mullfin; mulifi; kuttfi 

Decoy-duck, n. ek battakb jis se dtbron ko 

jfil men pbansfite bain. 
Decoy-man, n. pbasfiue-wfilfi; cbfilbfiz. 
Decrease, v. n. gbatufi ; kam b ; takbflf b. ; 
mandfi b. [silsilfi. 

Decreasing series, n. (Math,) ghatti laf, yfi 
Decrease, v. a. gba^nfi ; kam k. ; kamtl L ; 
takhf if k. ; mandfi R. 

Nor cherished they reUtions poor. 

That might decreau their present store. Prior. 

Na li tang-da$t bhdiyoh H hhabar, 

iiabddd hi ho jdg ham apnd zar, F. C. 

Decrease, n. 1. a becoming less, ghati; kami; 
takbfif; tanazzul; tafrit. [yfi gbatna; mihfiq. 
2. wane of the moon, cba:&d kfi kam houfi 
Decree, n. [Lat. eernere, H. ehhdnnd to sift}. 

1. on order, bukm ; farmfin ; figgyfi ; amr. 

2. an established l<ns, fiin ; qfiuUn. [fat^fi. 
8. (Law.) a judgment, (Cor.) digri; faisla; 

decree-holder, n. digri-dfir. 

a final decree, digri-i-akblr; hukm-i-fikbir. 

divine decree, taqdir; likUifi. [ijrftS digrL 

til satisfaction of decree, ijiiUS digri; ba-illat 

obtain a decree^ digri pfinfi. 

person against whom decree is issued, vob 

shidLhs jis par digri ho; madiyte ^grl; 

maglflb digri. 
to enforce a decree, digri jfiri k. ; digil nfiliz k. 

Pecns, V. ft. (Lam.} digri k., }& ladir k.; digri 
dillni; bukiii k. 

The court f/ccrm restoration of the property. 
Addlat nc jaliiad va-guiotkt kame ka AuJtm 

Decree, v. n. digri hon»; bukm h. 
Decrement, u. ehuU; ghat%o; kam!. 
Decrepit, adj. [Lat. ertpare, H. kurahnd to 

crackle] dukra ; pir-i-fitrt^ ; zatf ; larbariyi ; 

buddha phos; buddhi khank; briddb; 

kbautah ; tut*. 
Secrepitalioii, u. [H. Icrak crncklej karak. 
Oecrepitiide, D. zaifi; bitrhipS ; pii-an&h-»i7[. 
Decrestendo, nHj. ^vaz ka utir (> ). 
Decry, v. a. [U. F. cnVr, Skr. *i-( to cry] 

buiai k. ; (li>sh lagliia; bad-iiini k. ; nam 

dhania; aib lag&na; kam-qadftr k. ; nmzam- 

mat k. ; tahqlr k. 

Men dtcTji tLeir rivklii. 

idni apne harifoK ha bwrd iaiktt Kaih. 

Deoombent, adj. (.Sot.) jbuk& }a gir£ hu&. 

A deetfnjjtnl stem, JiiuJ;d Awl lioneAa'. 

Decnrrent, adj. [Lbl mtrtTt, to i\xa, H, cftoi 

gu] niuhe ko ravivii; d&lliitir. 
DecnsMte, r. a. kitnt; chirn&; qainchl kl 

Urah l^ttil; ek lakir to dQjii laklr se 

katuS; taijato L [luLD-mukb Ut. 

Deciusate, Disticbons, {Grom.) Baume-kit; 
Dedentitios, n. dinton ka gir-pofna. 
Dedicate, v. a. [Lat. dieare to declare, H. 

diWdna to show] 1. coiueerate, chflfhSni; 

nazar k, ^ mutabarrik k. ; p&k thaitiua; 

bbetk. ; muqorrar k. ; kli&a k.; thairiuft; 

biindhn^ ; miiuijan k. 

To didicalt veMwla, tr*MurM, i. temple, an 
kltar, or a cliurcb to OoU, or to a religious 
uae. Bartan, kkaianah, niandar, if<ia!t j/S 
girji ko Kritllttdrpan yd d^arm Arth karni. 

2. dffott, fida L ; tasadduq k. ; eaiiupiia. 
Tlie profeuion of > soldier to vrbich he had 

dftHfatai biiDnelf. [kardlyi (An. 

Sipihi ki ptihah jit mtA utne apue la%n faia 

3. itua-ibe to a jiotron or friend, apn' 
banai bui kitab, ;S aptii tasiiif kiaf murabbi 
ya doBt ke nim-nibail k. - tiftm-iiihad k. 

Dedication, n. 1. tJie act of a utting apart to 
a Divine Being, chafhava; bbet^ uazar; 
myix.; qiirbaui. 

2. {of a book) nam-nihadi. 
Deduce, v. a. uik^lna; istikbi^j ; istambat k. ; 
poidi k. ; basil k. ; uatlja ^& pbal nikaliia. 
Rfaaon is the fooiilty o[ dtdacinj unkoowa 
truths from principles already known. Lonit, 
VtOi-imHim^ M kaijiqal-i-m^hil niJialnt 
kd nSm giti-val-t-naiiqaA noi. 

Dtdiurible, adj. phal iiikilDc-jog; catgi 
uikaloe ke qabiL 

All proportie* of a triangle are dfdueUU from 
the complex iilea of throe lines iuclndlDg 
a apAce. Lockt. Ek mutallai te tftmdm 

i&ardi (in kkiUU ke ek mlali ko g/iene be 
miti-akkai UK^/dl u faida Ito takU haih. 

Dedsct, ▼. a. [Lat. ikteo to lead, H. dhakka a 
puab] ghataua; fcam k, ; katna; minbi k. ; 
va»ek.; EQUJrir'doni. 

Deduction, □. \. tha act, Ufrlq; miohfil; 
gbatiiii. 2. aialemsnt, ghati; kaitti; ka|autl; 

SalSaak la-j&a mih u miakil. [hual 

!(. inftrenee, phal; natij&i h^il^ m&- 
Dednctire, adj. nik&fQ; muntij j pbal-d&yak. 
Dee, n. {^la«g) I. apaehet ioot, jebl-kit&b. 

2. a detective, buTHlyS; mukbbir; thaagL 

The dea are about, bo look out. 
Birmfya An tagt hai, cAautas raAnd/ 
Deed, n. 1. art, k&r; kSm; karui; kartOt; 
kartab; kij ; karaj ; fel ; kird&rj B&kbla 
pardakbta; kautak; amal. 

Ditdt are (ruita, words ata leaTss, Pn>v. 

Kimphal,balfil. fka ^'m- 

3. exploit, muhim ; ba^a k&m ; blr tU 

XnaUt detd. UnidX kSm. Bari faiyaii. 

3. fact, rtaUly, haqiqnt; asl; aaliyat. 
In 7erj deed, JZu^juf mcA. [vailqa. 

4. (Late) a lealtd ine'-rumml, daetSvei ; 
deed (conveying ceTiain authority, ) parv&oa; 

hnkm-Q&uiah; itmal-dastak. 
deed of aeqttiltanee, releoH. flrig-khatt ; kbalkl- 

nania; cbhor-cbittbl; bhai-pS^I; Dibter-p«tr; 

riby-uama ' "" 
deed of a hoM$e, sarkhat ; kirUJ-n&ma. 
dtti of eomproiHiie, rSai-iiiaia; rafa-D&ma; 

saralu&mll ; eantJhauU patr. [p<^tr. 

deed of disinheritance, Aqniima; blpauti-tabU 
deed of ditnolvlion, 8Ejb&-tat patr; dasUvea 

deed of divorce, talaq-nimB ; istrl-chhoraa-patr. 
deaf of endiwment or tiuUeuliip, taoliyaiiiilTna. 
deed of gift, hiba-nania ; vaqf-uSma ; (to Brah- 
mins) din-patr; arpan-patr. [i>ftma 
deed of hypolliecaiioit, dirisbt bandhak ; siipurd 
deed of partition, butii patr ; daslives-i-taqslm- 

i-nial. [iqrSr-iiama taqhim-i'srid. 

deed of poTtilion of land, iqriir-iiama baivari; 
dard of parlntrilu'p, Biijhiyon ki iqiar-iiiniah; 

shirakat-naina, [kari-patr. 

deed of pvrrkate, kharld-pntr ; kharid-nimft ; 
efce'/o/jd/e, biki-I-pfttr; hainRma; farokht-khftt 
deed of mrrendtr, baz-ii&ma ; 15,-dive. 
deed of traiiafrr, iiitiqal-uama. 
deed of ti-miifer of liabiU'.ies, intiqM-nlma 

zimmah dari ja den. [patr; bandhak. 

irtgage deed, rahan-nama; giivi-nama; gin* 
title deed, qabaln. 
Deem, v. n. [H. thanna to 6i, determiDe] 

bichar k. ; sochiia ; kbayal k. ; jiiiiiS ; samajh- 

na ; t'uman k. ; gaur k. ; qnjaa k. ; taaaTVUi 

k. ; tajviz k. 
Deep, adj. [A. S. deopan, to be immeraed, H, 

^liina to be drowued.] \. far doom, gabii; 

dfiDga; dubaQ; (faihondeii) agam; athi; 

amiq; garqab. 

The deep aei, Agan tamttdr. Iplchbsi 

2. far back from the front, dflr; pM«; 
A company of aoldiers si» files deep. 
SipOhij/oA kt tk pari Miai qalir par*. 




5. 2oi9, nlcbE; nashebdar. 

A deep Tallej. Niekl gkdtl ; gakrl ghdi^- , 

4. profound, gahra ; dar-ka ; daqiq ; gamiz ; 
mdaq ; gOrfa; rasH; zirak; daua; all; balaud; 

lUlaua; tabb&;fkzil; muglaq. 

O Lord, thy thoughts are very deep ! P.5.xc,ii.5. 
Ai kkudd, tert khayaldt bare gakre hath. 
A deep thought. Oahrd yd diLrkil khaydl 

5. intense, ka^; sakht; pura; kamil ; nipat ; 
nih&jat ; parle sire-ka; azhad; behad; darun. 

Deep distreM. DSirun dukh yd Hpal, 
A deep sleep. Oahri niud. 
Deep despair. Nipat nir-dt. 
Deep silence. Sunidn, Piuft ; udfts. 

€. <fe/>reM«(2y afsurdah ; zer; tang; daba- 

7. ttrongly colored, g^ahi-ft ; tez ; ghor; shokh. 
Deep red. Oakrd turkh, 

8. ba$$, bhari; gahrii; ghanghor; mch&. 
The deep thunder. Byron, BkdH garaj. 

Mpi adv. nih^jat ; az-had ; bagHyat ; bahut. 

Deep versed in bnoks and shallow in himself. 

Milton. Kitdbon men d&bd, khaydlok meh 

oekhd. ' [sagar; bahr. 

eep, o. what is deep, the sea, atha. samudr; 

The vasty deep. Bard samandar. [ndgar. 

The deep» of knowledge. Bahr-i-ilm. Biddyd 

aepen, v. &. 1. make dlep, gahra k.; dCinga 

k. ; liicha k. 

To deepen a well or channel. 
Kmi yd dkdrd ko gahrd kamd. 

2. make darker, gahr& rangna; tez k. ; 
gfaor k. ; rang ko shokh k. 3. make more sad, 
bhiri k. ; 80g, ranj, jataklif ko barhaua. 

Qeptn, Y. n. gahi^ ya dunga h. 
0ep-Udd, adj. gahr& ; daqiq ; bhitari. 
eeply, adv. I. to a gitat depth, gahre ja 
dti&ge men ; bahut uiclie. 
% profoundly, gahra ; bhaii ; nipat. 

Deeply skilled in anatomy. 

Hm-i-tashnh meh khUb mdhir, 

3. iniensfly, bahut; nipat; nihayat; 
ghaoa; az-had. [bol-ka. 

eep-monthed, adj. bhJlri avEz-vala; bhari 
eap-mnaiiig, adj. gaur, soch, j^ chiutE men 
dUbi-huft; mustagraq. 
eep-read, adj khab parha-huS. 
eep-rooted, Deep-seated, adj. niche baitha* 
hxA ; gahrf jar pakre-hue ; tab tak pahuncha- 
hua; andar dhasa-hua; pahuncha-hu&. 
eep-tonedy adj. gahri ja bh&ri avSlz-k&. [v&la. 
eep-tilToated, adj. bh&ri gale-ka; gahri avaz- 
aeti ii«mirg; mir^^hiran; chikara; &hu; 
kalv&t; k^ihar. 
yomng deer, hirnauta; giz&l. 
6er]i0iind, n. shi^ri kutta jo himon k& 
shik&r kart& hai ; hiran-mar-kutta. [aba-post. 
aer-0ki]ly n. mirg-chhala; hiran ki khal; 
wr-ftalker, n. hiran ki ghat men rahne-vaia. 
wr-ftalking, n. hiran ke shikar ki ghit; 

lliua, T. a. 1. disfigure, sfirat, shakl, ja rQp 
bigifni; bad-sQrat k.; kharab k.; be-rap 
k. ; bad-num& k. 

To drfoM an edifice. Im&rat ko dhdnd. 

2. ohliUrate, mitanE; chhil dalna; khu< 
rachn&; hak k. ; tahrif k. 

To drface a writing or record. 
Kiti tahrlr meii tahrtf kamd. 

Defacement, n. mitana; mahv. 

De facto, (Lat.) adv. haqiqat men ; sach saoh ; 

dar-haqiqat; fil-haqiqat; fil-vaq&; asl men. 
Defalcation, n. embezzlement, ghao-ghap; khurd 

oburd; khayanat; gabau; tagallub; tasar- 

Defamation, n. izala-i-haisijat-i-urfi G. G.; 

pat-bhang; rusvai; bad-uimi; kalaak; 

hatak; ap-kirat; boh tan. 
defamation of character, hatak-i-izzat ya 

hurmat; kasr-i-sbin; man-ban; boht&n. 
damages for defamation of eharofiter, pat-dand ; 

Defamatory, adj. muzil-i-haisiyat-i-urfi; bais- 

i-bad-nami; niukhil-i-haisiyat; apradh-karan. 
defamatory expression, boh tan kl baten ; hatak 

ki baten. 
Defame, v. a. tohmat, kalank, ya lim lag&na ; 

bad -nam k. ; man bi^ni ; nam ko batta 

la^na; alb lagaua; hatak k. ; rusva k.; 

bad-gol k. ; i%ale haisijat-i-urf i k. 
Default, n. a failing or failure, chtik; bhQl; 

khata; taqsir; gaflat; adam-khabar-giri; 

adam-pairavi ; asurtaL 

Partial judges we are of our own exoelleneieB, 
and other men's drfaultt. Swift. 

Apni khabyoh our dusroh ki aibohhf kam 
namr-i-inedf se noAfn dekkte. 

2. defect, kami; ghati; kot&hi; kasar; 
qusQr; nuqs; kbami. 3. (Law.) non-appear- 
ance, gair-hazri; adam-ehzi,r; adam-mau- 
jadgi. [khate likkha gaya. 

default occurred, baqi pari; bSqi tuti; batte 

default of security, adam idkhal-i-zamanat. 

let a case go by default, suffer a default, digri 
yak-tarfa par muqaddama chhorua. 

Defaulter, n. hisab-chor ; baqi-dar; ahdshikan ; 
na-dihand; le-lot; qusur-var; shakhsgair hazir. 

a revenue defaulter, baqi-dar-i-mal-guzari. 

Defeat, n. [0. Fr. defeat decayed, destroyed, 

Liat. frnngere, Skr. Wa/y to break, H. phat 

break, phar tear.] \. overthrow, bar; mat; 

mar; shikast; hazlmat; zak; pasti; parajae. 

2!frustration, tat; ibtftl ; m&^asii; inhidam. 

Defeat, V. a. \, overthrow, hsiXko&\ bhagana; 
mat k. ; shik^it d. ; ^lib ana; maglub k. ; 
zer k. ; mar hatana ; hazlmat d. ; pas-pa k. 

2. frustrate, birtha, ya akarath k. ; be-kar 
k. ; torna; bhanjan k. ; barbadk. ; zaya k. ; la- 
t&yal k. ; mahrttm k. ; ra&ytls k. ; raegan k. 

3. make null, mitana ; nas k. ; nasht k. ; 
iHLtil k. ; ibtal k. ; kaladam k. [digrL 

defeated party, (Law.) maglub-digri; madytin 

DefBCt, n. 1. want, imperfection, ghatao; kami; 

kotahi; kasar; nuqs; adhlira-pan; na-tam&- 

mi; hintai; kbami. 

Errors have been corrected and ddeeU supplied. 
OaltOyoh ko sahi klyd, our kami ko purd Hyd. 


.• : 

2. omiision, chuk ; bliQl ; faro-guz&sht. 
TruBt not youwolf ; but your dtficU to knaw, 
Hake uao of ever; frieod wad ererj [oe, P'pt, 
Yaqiri kar na apod, our njini kaiar, F. C. 
i7ar et doit diuKmaii n nid/flm iur/ 

3. fa all, qusQr ; nuqsan ; khata ; ail) ; 
buiiii qitbiLhat; suqiuj dosh ; harj. 

A(^ixCiiithe«nroreyi!. ii'ilAydUn M^uiiir. 
A d/ftet at neiaary. BSfu Id qvAr. 
da/ect o//orin, be-ziibtBgl; khilaf sansbtagL 
dt/ect of investigation, tikhqiqil-i-naqiB; tohql- 

qat-i-Q&-tamam y% nt-iuukaiumaL 
tUfoA of judgment, iiuqs-i-fatt<l&. 
if^tvt 0/ ttnderslanding. aamajh k& qusElr ; 

quB&r-i-aqI; kam-fahmi; aql ki kaniL 
Xtefeotioii, n. bigaraa ; phirniL ; bargaabtogi ; sat- 
t&bi ; ba^vat ; ni-farniiiiii. 

The dtftetioK at bis (ollowon. 
fitv poimtKiA tl Nd/arndiii. 
DetectiTe, adj. 1. wanting, kam; ghat; kotah; 
iiaqis \ goir miikamnial. 

A deftdivt lioib. NSqii am. 

A dcftctist copj. iVa Cainan niulJlai. 

2. imperfect, n» tamam ; kbam ; ftdbarii ; 
ni-mukammal ; kachchi; gair-mukanunal. 

3. {Gram.) ii&qJH. 

A defectiit noun or verb. Im yd fel-i-niqU. 

defective vatuatioit of mil, niiliyat muqad- 

dameh ki kaoii. [u»; qusOr; tiuqs. 

SefectiTeiieas, u. adharfi pan ; khot; na-tama- 

DetencB, n. I. guard, baobao; rakshi; ar; 

bifazat, [aaran; bimayat. 

2. that vihich defend*, clihatar ; jiaiiab ; 

Heaven, tbe widow's chaoipioa nnd dtftate. SKak. 

Ekudd kamt bnak ka aur katjanak. 

3. {Lam.) the defendant's anawer, uttar- 
tad ; jaTab-dava. 

dmilile defence, javab du^na; javab muaaon^. 
for the defence, miiddalUe ki janib, tamf, ya. 
in »elf -defence, apui or ya laraf bc; 

baobane mea; apni raksha 
pritjote defence, self-defence, hifSial-i-khud; apui 
right of stlf-defenee, istcliqtlq-i-hifazat-i'khud. 
De&nceleu, adj. iiihatta; be-kas; a-bal; be- 

panSih ; be-liatjar. 
DrilBiid, T. a. 1. Hand inde^mceof, bachaifl; 

otua; ar k.; ropnS.; hirniyut k. 

To defend oosBelf, Apnc (aiii haeltanA, 

2. protect, sahaetS k. ; Baliiira d, ; pusbti 
d.; y&vrik. ; dast-giri k.; pan &h dona. 

To defend > town. SAoAar ko bachiaS. [dihl k. 

3. coTiUat, Bamn& k, ; muq&bia k. ; jav&b- 

To d^eni B Biiit. Muiiaddami li javab-di&f 
karna, naiaddama larHno, 

To defend the abnenl. ' llair-kiiir Id tariff K 
botna j/d Javdb-dUit Jcama; Oair-kStir kt 
hag yd nt^-iidmi ki raJahd tami. 

4. oppose, BimtiA k. ; lartia ; miiqablS k. 
Defendant, n. muddaSlah; pirti-badi; taraf- 

saiil; fariq-i-eaui ; uttar-badi; javab-deb; 
Defender, n. sabayak; aahSru; paksbi; taraf- 
dir; nasir; dast-gir; bami ; hiiuSyati; 
hafii; rakibak; muha&sj racbchhak. 

Be; aptii jfin 
in. [rakslia. 


Defensible, adj. hifazat-pidr; bochne-jog; 

uttar-yog ; qabil-i-javab-dibi. 
Defeniire, adj. 1. tervijig to daftni, bachai!; 

bachaue-val& ; &r karue-vali ; himiyail. 
Def msiTe, n. bacbao ; rok ; cbanki ; pan&h. 
to lie or stand on the defensive, havbia k. ; 

hifazat k. ; ar, rok, ya paiiah banna. 
Defer, v. a. [LaL ferre, Skr. J/iri to bear.] 

1 ■ put of, tilnii ; takblr k. ; bSji, mtiltaft, 

mauquf, 3-a kbai& rakbiia; Uvaqquf k. 

Defer uot til! to morrow wli«t may be ilone 

to-dny. ProT. 

^ ki kdn% kid par ffliJ thhoro. Pro*. 

2. refer to, snpurd k. ; sauftpuS.; niju k.; 
kisi ke haviUeh k. ; peah-nazar k. ; muu- 
basir k. 

Defer, v. a 1. d^ay, der k. ; bilamb k. ; dhil 
k. ; ta^bul k.; sabal-ankaii k. 2. ivbiail, 
mail leua; taalim k. ; qubul k.; niauQr k. 

They deferred la bin wiah«fl. 

f hAcia nc uukl Mur.-i Jc iHHnSq ktgd. 

Deference, D. 1. regard, |«ti ; libu; kbatJr; 
nazar; kbayal. 2. respect, man; aaninan; 
adflr mSn; Sdar satkar; liziin o takrini. 

3. submission, adbiul; farmaD-bardari ; 
itaat; jbok ; iuqiyild. 

Deferential, adj. I. multnvi. 
2. maiuiEzaz; mumtiLz. 
Defiance, a. 1. the act of defying, lalk&r; 
dhaniki; cbher; cbiiDantl; hiiuk; bainiigekb- 
tiigL 2. the stale of opposition, niuqabli; 

Dtjinaee jirovoVcB an ciieinj. _ ProT. 

MtuplbU H D!uiAuirin'i/iaraJ:fiS hit. 

Defiant, a<lj. ui dar; dilor. 

A dtfiant attitude. Bailkne fd hiart toM U 
diierdiia dating. 
Deficiency, a. X.wtnl, kaml; kamtl; kot£M; 
ka£ar; uiiqs; xnrQrat; gbatil; gbati; lAo; 
tota; qillac; khisarA. 

' A d^eieacji of blood. ATbulhuol. KISh tl ImiL 

2. imperfection, kbanji ; kami ; iiuq« ; 
kaohai ; adiiara-paii ; koulil ; battfi, 

drfifieney of a year, kliorab fasal ; kaoi-pauU- 

vari; khoti a^kh; qahat; kal. 
dejidency or excess, gliatti barhtl; kam o beib; 

kainJ bcahl, 
mnjte good a de/lncjiey, totTi bhariia ; khisini 

bharua; uuqsan utb&na; tavaii d. ; gbiti 

pjiiilk.; pujana; piiiiiiia; pQra k. 
Deficient, adj. 1. leanting, ghuto-bua; gbatiya; 

qasir; qnlll ; kam; kotali; obbota. 

3, imi'erfect, uaqts; adbUro; nl-tamim; 
kacbcba; kbam. 

d^ietU numbers, {Arith.) woh ndad jin ke 
jortie Be pilre adad meii kami rahtt hai, 
jaiae 4 + 2 + 1 = 7, vaiio ek kam 8, 

Deficit, Q. tota; gbaU; gbati; ban; kam!; 

Defile, u. [Fr. Jil, H. lagd tbread] gbati; 
naka; aaukar; paharuu kc bicb ka raata. 




Baflle, T. a. 1. make foul^ gadl&, madlft yft 
ganda k. ; klcha^ men bharna ; 8atm&. 

Thej that touch pitch vill be d^fUd, Skah 
Koiloh B dalUU nun hdih £dle. Prov. 

t. jfollute^ kharab k. ; palld k. ; najis k. ; 
big&riift ; na-pak L ; aludah k. 3. debauch^ 
be-hurmat k. ; asm at ya izzat lenfi ; izale 
biktait k.; juthalna; beizzat k.; d&g 
lag&ui ; abru leua ; zina k. ; nang o namlis 
nt&rna. 4. make ceremonially unclean, n&- 
pijLk.; bhirishtk.; bhisht k.; apavitr yft 
asadb k ; bha&g k. 

Defile, Y. n. pant! paiiti cbalna; qatilr men 
chalu& ; aaf bajdidh-ke chalna. 

Sefilemeat, n. ^.t/is aet of defiling, gandgi; 

napaki; naj&sat; alQdgi; ^ilazat; ilayash; 

laus; kharabL 

D^flimtnU of the fle^ Hopkin$, Chtkt U ii4-p5H. 

8. (MU.) See Defile, n. 2. 
Mfatable, adj. qfibil-i-vasf; q&bil-i-tashkhls ; 

Deflae, y. a. \,jwihe hounds of, had y& sitn 
tbaiiiLDa, thaoav ya biodhna; qayam k.; 
ti^yao k. ; mahdtld k. 2« fnark the limUe 
of, chau-haddi bandhna ya muqarrar k.; 
4iQdft meJida kbara k. 

Tq d^ne the extent of a kingdom or country. 

Mulls fd qalam-rau H hudad muqarrar k, 

3. determine with preeisfon, thik y& saf 
r&p yft ahakl dikhiua. 4. determine the prec'se 
signifteation of, tarif k., ya bayan k.; 
tashkhls k. ; mushakhkhas k ; khuBUB k. ; 
tasrih k. ; tauzlh k. ; sarahat k. 

To d^ne a term. Lc^z he tJili matte bayfin kamd, 
d^mie the boundaries, had 1:]&nd}iua; dhftle-ban- 
di k.; sarhad thairana; had-bastk.; niah- 
dlkd k. 
Blfiiiitdy a4]. !• bounded, chau-haddi; had 
bandhf-hul; mahdtld. "Ji, fixed, muqarrarah; 
mushakh-khas& ; muaiyana; muaiyaiL 
A dtfinUe period. Maqamxr vaqU 

Z. certain, ih\ki tahqiq; niahche. 
A d^fh^U term. JkUc lafz. 

^.special, khas; marflf; mahdHd. 
d« definitfs article, harf -i-tarlf. 
JMbdMj, adv. qataan; tahqiqan; bil-kul. 
IMfautioiiy n. had; sifat; khasiyat; bhao; 
fabobiu; tarif. 

Tlie d^nUion of a circle. 

DSgre yd ckakkar h tdrif yd p<iheK8n, 

The d^nUion of wit. 

Zeart^ai yd maqille iri hkdiiyat 

htetti^, adj. nishche; tbik; muqarrar; 

mugbftkhkhas; qatal; thIk; pakk&; u&tiq; 

ftitr fiqid. [i-qata!. 

I md^fmStive senienee, (Law.) hukm-i-natiq; hukm- 

^^AMw% n. mahdod } & tarif kame-vl^i shaS. 

Mfaiitiv^, adv. nishche; thIk; muqarrar; 

Mtaaa; yaqioaa 
Saeoty ▼• a. morna^ kham dena; terhi rilh 

jiii&;.phendl; r&h-i*r&8t Be ha^nH; gurorfth 

k*; munharif k.; fiidh& rastah chhofn&; 

kaj-rah h. 

When a luminons ray pawes Tery near an 
opaque body it ie ducted, or bent from ite 
rectiliuear course. Brandt, 

Job Jnran kiH dhuhdll ehU he pds parti hai tab 
voh apni Hdh m mur Jdti kai ijai$c pdnl meh 
lakri lerM dikhdi deti hai}. 
DeflectioxLy n. 1. deviation, raor; phima; pher; 

jhuk&o; tajavuz. 2. distortion, kajl; gum- 

rahi; kajravi; kaj-raftari; t«fha-pan. 

3. (NaiU.) jahaz ka r&h-i-rast se hatn& j% 

tajavuz k. 4. (Opt) inhiraf shua ka taraf 

satah narani jism ke; inik&s. 
Deflour, v. a. ravish, ohira torna ; chirS utar- 

na ; nathli ut&ma ; kuar-ohhal utama ; bikr 

torni ; izala-i-bikr k. ; sar-faraz k. ; kharab 

k. ; bigarua. 
Deform, v. a. ku-rap k. ; be-daal k. ; bad-sOrat 

k. ; bad-shakl k.; BQrat big^rna; bad- 

num& k. 
Pefdimity, n. ku-rdp; bad-numai; bad-surti; 

zishti; alb; kaji; be-dauli; na-hamvari. 
Defraud, y. a. haq mSma ya dabSl baithna; 

haq-talfi k. ; daba rakhua; mar rakhna; 

fareb, daga, ya butta d. ; chhal d. ; tha^ 

k.; thagna; musua. 
Defray, v. a. kharch uthani; zer-bar L; 

sarbar&hik.; bhama; nibtana. 

To drfray from une*8 own pocket. Apn% jeb se bhamd. 
Deft, adj. chatur. 
Deftly, adv. chatuiia se. 
Defunct, adj. kam-aya; mu&; murda; marhtim; 

baikuuth-bSshi ; mutavaflfi; magfur. 
Defy, V. a. challenge, &amn& k. ; muqablah k. ; 

lar&i y& muqablS ch&hnU; lalkSmi; kham 

thokiia; lapli mSngna; dhirana; ang&tha 

dikhau& ; larue par am&dah k. ; aise alfaz 

kahna jis se dOsril larue ko iUnada ho jaise, 

turn ky& kar sakte ho; tumbari kya bisat 

hai; tumh&ri ky& gudri hai ; turn kis khet 

ke bathve ho. 

I once again dify thee to the trial of mortal 

fight. MilUm, 

Mcdh phir kahtd huh H hatydroh Hfaislah bar lo. 

Degeneracy, n. [Lai, genus. U,jdi race.] 1. tJi4 

arX of becoming degenerate, inhit&t ; ibtiz&l. 
2. the state of having become degenerate, 

tanazzul; ghatti; pasti; rajat; khiffat ; 

abtari; kam-qaidri; pasthimmati ; karoi. 
Degenerate, v. n. utar ya ghat jana ; bigar 

jina ; nicha par janS ; rajat h. ; abtar h. ; 

kam-qadr ho jau& ; girjau&; zaiil h. ; nasi 

bigayua ; jam bigarnJ. 
Degenerate, adj. 1. unlike on^s ancestors, 

ka-put; uakhalaf. 2. unworthy, na-lajaq; 

khuar; kharab; abtar; kamina; mardM. 
Degeneration, n. abtari; ghatU; bigar; 

pasti ; zillat ; inhitat ; beta-pan. 
Deglutinate, v. a. ohhurana; chimti hui chlsoA 

ko alag k. ; juda k. 
Deglutition, n. I. the act, nigalua; lilna; kha 

jaua. 2. ^ power, nigal jane ki taqat 

!'■_ .». »■ 


Degradation, n. 1. iht aH, ut'ir; ghatu"; 

tariazzul; m^zQlI. 2. ihe ituU in rank, 

aillat; rusT&I; kbil&t. 
Degftade, T. a. I. loiver, darje so utiraa ja 

girfiria; kam-rutb& k.; gliut^iia; taunz^ul k. 
2. deboK, bigarim; I'azil tc. ; zulil k. 
Degree, n, 1. etep, darja; sirhi; una. 

2. gradation, padvl; paya; rutlti; roan- 
Eilat; pini; diirjii. IbaidhOBi. 

To get a deyree. FaiUat kll darjil pitnil ; pagri. 

3. ilaiioii, mansiib; riitba; roartaba; 
qaiJr; obdn. [I'lkb'Ti- 

4. {of a uwveriUg) f.allat ki khitib ja 

5. \Oa\f<tl) iiosab; iiaaalj pli'bi; pu»ht. 
G. {Gton.) (JSl^ra k& tin Ran tiathv&u bisvi; 

darj^; aua. T. (Alg.) cbarhao; qo&t; t£qat. 
8. m'.atttre, qadnr; iiiii]d£r; piLrmilii ; 

audazah. 9. f^'e?!^, had ; darjA^ iwiibat. 10. 

tlait or tort, i\Mm ; bhldt ; fit ; tarah ; hhilo ; 

parkar. 11. origin, aa\; mOl; zat ; atliyat. 
By dtr/reei, rnftah raftah ; dnrj&ba-dariii ; 

abiat^ahisUi; chalte chalte; haule haule; 

qtidroqadre; ba-ta<1r;j; tbitak thitak-kar. 
dtgrtt of latitude, arz-i-baliid W darjiih. 
degree of longitude, tQl-i-balad lut rlarjah. 
in tome degree, kuchh-ek; thori-Bi; qadre. 
U> a deijree^ ek bad tak; jahaiitak. [daije ko. 
tQ9uehadtg-ee, is riitbe ko; yah'ifi tak; ia 
to this dfgrte, \a qailnr; j-aliiiu tuk ki. [tak. 
(o what dejrce, knhru'i ink; kisqadar; kis uaijc 
Deification, n. [Lat. rfeu", H. dtotrt a god from 

Skr. dii', tu bbiue] dovla batiauaj kbiidal ka 

nitba (1.; pirtmlitUl 
Deiform, adj. kbudrti ; devtil-annifii] ; devta- 

flip; KbiuiS'k&sH; Kbiida koniisal; Brahm- 

mdmt ; devta-tul. 
Deify, T. a. 1. make a God of, Sliiida banana; 

Kbud£i ka ratba d. ; lihag\au kur ke man- 

n\; gur-padvi d. S. praise oi- revtre at a 

deiljf, Kbiida samajh-kar tnziin o takrim k. ; 

ezazk.; ishvaT anm&u jainia. 
Deign, t. n. jhukni,; lactniS; dabna; faro- 

tani k. ; qubQl k. ; iuiyat k. ; mutavnjjeb h. 
Deiim, o. vuhJatiijat; hnqqlniyat; birham- 

fiyaoi; taaavviif; uliibljat. [gyinl; mavaiid. 
Deist, n. sadhQ; sQli; ahl-i-tnsavvitf; birhain- 
DeisUo, Deiitical, adj. K&dba ; sufiyaua; &zad; 

inavahidiiu& 1 mutaallaq ba-tasavviif. 
Deity, u. [loel. livi, pL fipdi-H. tevhSr a 

festival Skr. deca. li. devld Gud, from Skr. 

die to abiue; 0. rfiww dajj devtii; kbudal; 

ilni-i-taaavvuf; rabbiniyat; ulahiyaL 
Dfyeet, T, a. [Lat, jane H. jhotnd to throw] 

udaa, azurda, be-dil yS. raujlda k. ; shik- 

asta-dil k. [ranjldgl; shJkastab-dilL 

D^ectedaesi, n. udil-*!; at'surd^igi; pazraurdagi; 
Dcgeetioa, U' udAal; lualal; pazmurdagf; afaur- 

da^i; azurdugt. 
Dejeuner, D^etine, o. nilsbta; kaleQ; tiiLzri; 

Iiabarj ; jal-paii. 


DCjjnn, (Lot.) basb-i-qanun ; abaral; rill- 

Delay, v. a. [0. Fr. dthiytr. H. dkll. Per. dir]. 

1. i/r/e'-, dhll k.; takbir k. ; arsa laglni; 
dal raklina; sueti k.; mnltavi rakbtA; 
tavaqquf k. ; kbatai meii dal doniL 

2. rttird, rokna; arua; atk&aa; harj k-; 
muUlbim L ; matie h. 

He wu dtlaytd on the ynj. 
RaiU mth Tat dtr lagX. 

Delay, V. n. [H. 6i(awi, Per. der] bilamb k.; 

dur k. ; dirnng k, ; baiilo haiile chalna ya 

Hamkiii; dhiina chaliii. 
Delay, u. \.apvtttivg off, der; dhll; taklilr; 

Bueti; bilamb; sabal-anj^&ri; iltivi; UtVB^ 

quf; moblat; avor; titlq; imtidld. 

Delayi lanieanf desires. Pro*. 

Der ikawi barkati hoi. 

Dtlayt Me Asa^etawi. Prav. DtrmeaioHteii Aof. 
Tlie aff-iir ihuuld be ietcUd witU<»it the litJuy 

of a day. JKagri aiwtint mei tk din H hlii 

dtr naiUl iiiydiif clidHi^, 

2. d'tealioii, aljherfi; rok; atkrui; mat- 

abmat; harj.[turat; jaldi; fauran; fil-faur, 
uit/ioul delajf, biU-tavaqqiif; turat ; lial; 
Dele, T. H. (/Vtst.) miUuS; dOr k.; ebbilnK; 

katna; qalam pherua; bak k, (S)- 
Delectable, adj. sobavna; nian'bhaon&; man- 

bhaS; khush&iada; khiish-gav&r; dil-pasand; 

dil-pizir; farhat-bakhah; margub; kbuab. 
Delegate, v. n. 1. depuU, clchl bana-ke bhcjni; 

silarat parblicjria; sarirk.; vakil k. 

2. eoounit, sauupiift ; supurd k. ; havlle 
k. ; tnfviz k. ; nni&nat men d. ; deua. 

Delegate, n. 1. deputy^ nilynb; peab-kir; 
Diatabat. 2, repreaeuta'ive, mukbt^; vakil; 
elcht; saflr. 
Delegation, n, 1. the act, sauiipnil; aiipurda;:!; 
tafvia-; taqarniri, 3. persoru ilejmUd, niukii* 
tar; vakil; asflr; eli;bl; uayab. 
Deleteriom, adj. [Skr. dri to tear] muiir; 

zahrlUi; mohlik; sammiyat-d^r ; samml. 
Delf, 11. enrilieit-^mrf, cbiui ka bai-tun. 
Deliberate, v. n. [Lat. Lbrare, H. tolnd to 
n-eigb] tnliia; aocbuS; bivliir k.; gaur k; 
kbaiiz k. 

DeliheratiHg U not deUjiiig. Pn>*- 

QauT karna MMli' mth dikkU H4A!A Am 
Delibtrale bIowIj, execute jirutaptl;. ProT. 
DItlrc dkire McArlr, piarli tt tar *dr. 

Deliberate, adj. aouh bicliar kiyH-huI; g*« 
ki}'a-hu&; pukhtab; pakki. 

Deliberately, adv. soch biolmr kar-ke; si?- 
dbaiii rb; kaniil gaur se; taammiil ee; jan 
bfljh-kar ; aftinajb-kar; aniadau ; biohir pOr- 
tiak ; dida o dauiattb. [inul ; aamajb bQJii. 

Deliberation, n. aovb; pi<ir; bich&r; taam- 

Delicacy, n. l.thetlale, iiazuki; latafat; raa. 

3. nioelp, iiarmi; mulaemat; bariki; kv- 
malta; aafii; hnlki-pan. 3. (^ the tabttj 
taltalluf; bbog bil&s; aiab; aish o aahial; 
BJBbo&ram; Bukbvari 

deiieaq/ of rxproeion, unzakat-i-bajaa. 





Selieate, adj. nizuk) b&rik; daqlqj komal; 

latif; Dafb; 8uh&o&; laziz; margQb. 
Palifate fdeling, nizuk tab& y% mizaj« 
IMicmte limb^ komalgat 
IMicately, adv. uasakat ya nazuk'pan *8e.; 

koraaltiise; muliemat se; pakiz^se. 
IMidons, adj. laziz; latif; Dafis; ma:to-dar; 
sleqe-d&r; shiiin; margQb; sav&d; kbush- 
gaT&r; sav&d kft; khusb-suleqah. 
Iklieioui food. LatU kh&nd. 
Still on that breMt enamoured let me lie, 
And drink delidouM poison from the eye. Pope, 
DU'ithaida ho rakne do, pa»and ui btU kd 
hai and, [kd pind. F. C. 

Aur us ehashm-t-gizdllk u tahar jdik-balchsh 

Midously, adv. suhione-pan se; latafat, 
naf &sat, y& lazzat ae ; khurrami y& shad- 
kimi 86. 

DeUg^t, n. fLat locere, H. lubhdnd to aHureJ] 
1. Joy, khushi; anand; mangal; surGr; 
khurrami; haz; farhat; imbis&t; masarrat; 
shSdi; nishat. 2. that which gives deUfjht, 
inand-karan ; voh sbae jis se khushi ho ; 
mfijib-i-imbisat ; bais-i-khushL 
Gome, naten, cheer we up his 8pright8,[if(ie&et^,i7.1. 
And shew the beet of our delightf. Skak, 

KkuA ham usH paryoh ho, sakkydn, kartn. 
Mil Spas mek sub rang ralydh kareh, F. C. 

IMight, V. a. inand k.; rijhan&; khush, 
mahziiz ya masrilr k.; hulsaufi; lazzat 
baUuihna. [zQz h. 

DeHght, V. n. khush, &nand, masrQr ya mah- 
Doth my lord, the king delight in this thing f 

2. Sam. xxiv. 8. 
Kyd SdhabI bddshdh ho aisi hdt pasand hai f 

Mif^tedly, DeUghtfoUy, adv. khushi, khur- 
rami ya shad! se ; haz se ; anand ke eulth. 

Mightnily adj dil-kash ; farah-nak ; dil-chasp ; 
masarrat-bakhsh ; rasila; khush-aind; khur- 
ram; pur-bah&r; maiigal-mai; auand-mai; 

DeUghtfid bowers. Suhdone mahdhe. 

Beliimte, ▼. a. [Lat. Uneay H. lalkr a line.] 
1. pourirap, khaka utarna; rQp ya naqsha 
ban&tuk ; shabih utarua; khenchnil; daul ya 
dhacbar ban&na; likhna; lakirua; miikhattat 
k. 2. describe, bayan k. ; barnan k. ; zikr k. ; 
taqrf r k. ; batlani. 

Minfiatlan, n. I. the act, bayan; naqal; bar- 
nao; birtant 2. skttch, khaka; naqsha; 
dhi&ch; sbabih. 

Delineator^ u. naqsha, khaka, charba, ya shabih 
atame-v&la; naqal utarne-vala; naqqash; 
musayyir; chitr-karta. 

MinqTHnity n. api^hi; doshi; qusur-var; 
miyrim; taqsir-v&r; guuah-gar; asi; asami. 

Mifaeacent, adj. hava se galne yi& pigalue- , 
jqg; gbulne-jog. 

DUfrioaSy adj. [Lat lira^ E. Hk a furrow] 
•ohet; be-hoflh; be-khud; be-havas; mad- 
boah; havisl^Lhtah ; hiziyan-zada; khali- 
dimig; maslQb-ul-havas; ape so bahar; 

Delirionalyi adv. be-hoshi^ be-khudi ya mad- 

hoshi se. 
Delitium, n. (Med.) halat-i-gashi yft divaugl; 
be-hosbi; be-sudhi; khafqau; hiz-y&n; be- 
khubri; be-khudl [khudi ka ho janii. 

delirium tremms^ sharUb Id ziyadati se he- 
Deliver, V. a. 1. free, chhutkara. d.; chhovna; 
barik.; rihak.; rihal d. ; azid k. ; khaliis 
k. ; nijat d. 2. Bave, bachana ; riha k ; mah- 
ftlz rakliua. 3. giv€ or transfer, saunpna ; 
hav&le k.; siipurd k. ; tafviz k.; dhama; 
de den&; bautna; chhovna. 

Ddiver your words not by numbers but by 
weight. Prov. 

Kaldm men vazan chdhiye, na 161. 
To defiter letters. ChitUdyah bdhind. 
To deliver goods. 3fdl ehiornd. 

4. communicate,, bolua ; taqrir k. ; kahn& ; 
bay&uk. ; parlin^; batlana. 

To deliver a speech. MazmSn pofhnd ; isplch 
deiiS ; iofirir kamd. 

5. discharge phecikna; dena; nikalna; 
lag^nl; maruE. 

To ddiver a blow. Ohdhsd dend yd mdmd. 

6. a child, janoft; bachchil janui ; (animal) 
by&nft, bachch& dalna, deu^ dalnii. 

deliver up, (the person) hEzir k. ; s&mne k. ; 

robra k. ; maujQd k. 
Deliverance, n. the act, chhutkanl; chhutti; 

khalasf; ninkhliui; bartyat; nijEt; fursat. 
Delivery, n. 1. release. See Deliverance. 1. 2. 

2. surrender, supurdagi; hav&lagi; tafviz. 

3. manner of speaking, uchcharan ; lahja; 
bayan; taqrir; bolne ka dhang ya taur; 

4. parturition, biyatit ; paidayash ; j&pa. 
Like as a woman with child, that draweth 

near the time of her delivery is in pain and 
crieth out. Isaiah, xzW. 17. 

Jis tarah ki hnmilah aurat ko jah dard hgte 
hain aur woh wdwaild machdll haL 

delivery clerk. Dial chhopie-vala b&bQ; ^k 

t-aqsim kariie-vala munshi. 
Dell, n. [H. ^^uil a slope] gh'iti; khad. 
Delta, n. 1. Uu Greek letter, Yuiiani abjad ka 

half ba-shakl-i-musallas ; Yunaul alif be te 

ka tikhuiit sa barf. 2. a tract of land. 

tikhunti zamin jo pani se ghiri ho ; singhara. 
Deltoid, adj. yQnaui tikhuute harf jaisa. 
Deltoid, adj. (Geom.) tikhunt-sa; tikhOuta. 
Delude, v. a. JLiat. Ittdere to play, H. hahldnd 

to amuse] 1. mislead, bahkaua; dhoka 

dena; bhutk^ua: Jul d.; fareb d.; jhaiisa 

d. ; dam d. ; mugaltah d. ; dam men liina. 
'1. frustrate, nir-arth k. ; be-kar k. 
Deluge, n. Nuh ka tOfan; tufan; sailab; 

tugiyaui; jal-mai; bayh; jalamav; ran. 
Deluge, V. a. duboua; garq k.; baina; tufan 

lana. ' [suiab; mngalta. 

Delusion, n. dhoka; dam; jhansa; jul; fareb; 
Delusive, adj. mugalta-deh; bahkati; dhoke 

men dalne-vala; dhoke-blU. [mugalta-dihi se. 
Delusively, adv. chhal ya dam dilaae se; I 

Selre, v. a. phsvre bo kho/lna; khudnl. 
Deraagnetiie, t. a. maquitb kii subh&u miUaS; 

in.ti]iiraiai kli&aijat lillr k. 
Demoud, v, a. m&i!i<;nil; chihna; Ulab k.; 

niuUlba k. ; taqlUa k. ; d&vl k. 
Xtemaad, n. I. tin act, chali; tiSjat; puntisli ; 
tftlabi; m^iig; mutllba; kbuillitBh} tstiili. 
i.eanittt inquirff, suvU; dark h nils t ; 
istjd&. 3. elaiiit, Kttr-Mnut&lba ; hmg-i-ualiiil). 
4. {Law.) divK. [inuignrk. 

drmaad afirite. inol yi qtnutt kahiii; dniu 
foxenive demand, bLiri yi wiiigib jama. 
in demand, twr^rut; cliih ; khuiLiah; talftbt 
note payc^U on demuHd, huiidl dareliaai, [l>ar. 
Oil de7nand, iad-ul-ttlub; t^rnbuiii; mangiiQ 
progreuive goantwiene detnajid, TUiadi janii. 
■the gwerHVfnl deonrtj, mulallia Juuii; itarkarl 
inal^guzilri. [ziirurat h. 

In ba in doaand, cliah b,; khu&liislk h. ; 
Demandabla, luij. davejugj man^fUe-JDgi cbE- 

lmivj%' ; tiilab ko layiu]. 

Demands, u. (pi.) mutAII>^; <Uva.; niav&khz». 

deatari^U eallectioa and biila'tcra, jiuitii viUil 

ba'li. [k. ; limua titgatiiL 

Cemucate, v. a. hai) y% dliQla baiidhiu; taqinin 

Pemarcation, Demaikation, n. 1. the act, bad- 

biuidli dliGta-bmidi ; tliija-baiidi, 3. <t /wnf(, 

bod; aliitah; kiii&ri; mend; Hivatia: dauda; 

intili&; daui^ nieudib. [j^hiitiaa ; kh'iiar k. 

Demean, V. a. zaiil k.; iit'ima; farulaiii k. ; 

Ti> denuaii otiai>alE. Apiu rulbt ItA pit wk 

kfna; achJii faiiH JbarniL 

SemeaDOT, d. dhai'i;<; taili; daul; taur; 

clmbLii; VA19.; ravaiyi; lars. 
Demented, adj. dlv&un; patj;la; bSvla. 
Demerit, u. du>th ; gnu&b ; kliata ; i^unilr ; taqsir. 
Demesne, ei. sir; SiLnUitj milk 
Demi, adj. [Ut.iraii, Or. lumi, Pers. nim, lulf] 

a'.lha; aiih; nliu ; iiiaf; ad. 
Demi-god, ti. devuur; davuilmk; devyonl, jaise 

kiunar, aiddlii, vagninih. [intvabi; gliQnki. 
Demi-rep, n. chbinil ; aiirat niiuhkak-'tl-iuoiiat ; 
Demisable, adj. qabil-i-iutiqfil; marau-jus;; 

m»iut ko liyaq. [i^hlat; iutiq&l. 

Demise, ti. maran; maut; vafat; mar;:; k&l ; 
the demise a/ the ci-oien. inti'ial-i-tiJ-i-ghaliL 
Demise, v. a. vaaijiic k. ; de inai-iia; iutiqai k.; 

hibik.; patted. 
Demi-Tolt, n. qaibim; dnlkl. 
DeraoETacy, n. jainhjri Imkilmat. 
Democrat, n. jamhari Imkamat k& h&ral; 

jamhQil hiikutnat-iJiutaiid. 
Democratic, Democratical, adj. jambarl ; 

jambilri hukilinnt k?. 
Demoiselle, ii. kuar-i ya an-hiyahi aurat ; la^kl. 
Demolish, v. a. [Lit. moUt, K. maiU'ia to 

break] giraua; tupia; luisiaar k. ; dliana; 

dliildilua; toruii; muiiliadiiu k. 
Demolished, adj. viiiu; luiiiraar; tnunbailim. 
Demolition, n. giraLt; iuhidaia; ujir; bi^ar; 

mi emir. 


Demon, a. [P.cfm] paret; bhot; dou; d&u&; 

[i)Hh&uh ; r&k^liaa; asur; jin; afrit. 
Demonetisation, u. sikka-i-gair-muravvi^, jalsa 

Ddii Hi p^ii^. 
Demonetiae, v. a. kiai sikke ki obalan baud k. 
Demoniac. ». ixeb-zada aUnil. 
Demonotatry, n. niiHitllii ya deo kl pGjft 'y* 

pni'RKiiKli; HbaiUui-jiarajiti, 
Demanology, n. bbUtbiddyfc kl pushtak; jKdQ 
, Ill-id' ki polhl, [pramliu-ji>g. 

Demonstrable, atij. dulilat-pizlt- ; q&ljit i-aiiblti 
Demonitrate, v. a. 1. imUca'-e, \>m\K\A\ T&«eli 

k.; bayan k.; jatAu&; I'diir k. ; imUni; 

dalalat k. ; dikbtna. 2. etlublUh, sabit k.j 

praiuiln d. ; aqlau sahit k ; dalll do-ke Ablt- 

k- ; hiirhSii ac B^tiit k. ; q&yam k. 

3. {Aaal.) tashrih ku niutu azaoti ko kitni, 

cbiriii, oblik k., ya pbafiia. 
Demonitiition, u. I. the act, dalil; pranulu; 

aiibQC; dalalat; iabat; bui-kan. 2, manijtMla- 

Uon, diklav& ; EuhQr ; izbar ; inkigliar; Uiitlk. 

3. {Aaal.)>Mv; abirpbar; katknt ; tn«hrih. 

4. (MatL) Bubat. 5. (ild.) lauj kl <«rirlL 
dirtft orj'omtieeiUnvmtlration. qaxiji-i-mOjibak 

y& iabatl. [sSlilmh ji na.fl. 

indirrol or ittyntlv! de«t>n<tration, qaniyn-i- 
DemanstiatiVB, adj, 1. miki^fj titiU-.t, madal- 

lal; miiabat; ibubraUiii; qate; aato;par 

niBiiak. 2. ditiitayiwj fteUifj, dil ii juah 


A dcNianXraEiw penoD. Sk ihaUitja apnt dft 
ki joik dUJidtt. 
demoiulrativt pi-oitoiiii, iamiBh&rah;dikhfttibol; 
Hbclinfa' haubak-aarb-iiiim. [villa ; jariik. 

Demon itrator, u. {AitaL) ohlrne y% phi^e- 
Dsmoraliiation, ii. bi^.'ilr; bad-akblaqi; khubi; 
Ll'»a>ii_vat; biLd-atvari. [ka mzil kaniiL 

Demorali/.e, v. a. bigariiu ; Imd-kbulq k. ; tabiat 
Demulcent, ii. mulayam yi narni kuriie'^L 
Demulcent, adj. niuliyam ; naim ; gudKs. 
Demnr, v. a. [Lat tnorari to delay.] 

l,(/e^.v, dork. ; bilamhk; dimngk.; li- 
khlrk, j'dliii^liia; ta%aqquf k; pas opesh 
k. ; iHaniiiuiil k. ; shakk. ; atkaiia; ahubah 
k. ; bbanun rukhiia. 

3.(iaw.)iur k. ; etirwz k.; takrib- tj 
hujjal k. 1 iiiutikriz h, ; iukar k. ; barujoi. 

T« till* tile pUiiiiifl lUmamd. /. Wdtht^ 

li 41 maddai ne iikir liyi. 

Demur, n. t£klitr; tnvaq'inf; taaTDmiil; pu o 

pb^b ; dliil \ tamddud ; ahiuU o panj ; a&ak 

Demure, adj. 1. of taher or teriout tiuen, dhiti; 

aanjidrt; gaiiibbira; gambhlr. 

2. modfst in oatvmrd seinxivg, lajvauti; 

shiimLti-iiak ; baglabhagat; giirh«-i-mi8kHi; 

bbagaliya; bliii;i biltl si; miniio bilai si. 
Demurely, adr. laj ya sbaram se ; saiijidgl Be; 

dhirc-pau se; eambbir-paiie aej garfbl -fi. 
\ mibkiulse; mahjQLaua. 

DEU ] 

Ikmamifi, n. (Con.) (a) banddr-^h meA 
jahix lu lijlda thunie kl tiKrJA. (b.) khiairaj 
bsija ; ur-i-liiujft ; harj&iia ; nuqdin. 

The cLtim for Jtamtmgt oown m toon u ths 
■hip u clarBd out >nd muly for uilinE. 
MneaUoek. Jab hi jakit kkill la-liar cjUwc 
to Iwfitra ibrfd tiai hatidnak H divt 
matdid kajdUlutL 
Vmif, n. (Print.) kSgas kl ek taqti. [khad. 
Dm, n. 1. aeave, bha(; gar; kho; ndnd; 

A ^m at robbera. CiotvA kdgdr^ kka. 

S. AaiMf, Distiast-^h; basert; akbif&j 
bftiUiak ; imad o raft kl jogaft. 
A dr» of miMty and viue. 
AiU aur MutbaM U ffvU. 
PiaMoinlfaa, T. a. qaum ka huquq ae khirij k. 
DaDatoraliiS, t. a. qudrati khSsiyat se badalna ; 
gair haqiql k. ; khilaf tabi k. j bauani ; hhil- 
qat men farq Alni. [aksh-lul. 

Dtodriform, b.6j. persa; darakht-jaidl; bir- 
DnfU, a. ek qiam ki bukhar; Iftl bukhar. 
DnUbls, adj. u&tne-jog; qilbil-i-iukar. 
D«ial, n. [Lat. na^rr, H. notnd, na&iA k. to 
deoj.J 1. tuyttitin, HatoA; nahLi; inkXr. 

JjmiaU miJiM littls TatilU grut. FroT. 

Imtir te elAofe qutStr bart & jatt hati. 

S. eontrOdxethn, naqiz; zidd; birudhti; 
taDiqux; tabtyan. 3. dUavoioal, asiukir; 
tAlnt; inkkr; 1a-d&vli. 4. nfittal, n&h; nahU; 
inkftr; ui-mauiiirt; aaulkar. 

' q/'aa«'« Mlf, naCi-kiiahi ; tf&g i bhog-ty&g. 

~ ., D lAsbiuda; baatj rahne-v&la. 

a. n&m rakhua; kabl^oa; bol> 
idt; n£in-sad k. ; maiisilid k, ; inii3aiTiiu& k. 

PMniudiCDtDiuoDljifeHaininatAfiBtGah. ifunM. 

Itidriah ohor nijmeirAi kaMntl Am'A. [qab. 

a4j. nlm-iad; muaanimS; inalaq- 

Q, n. 1. the act, uatn deDi ;& 

nkhit&;taaaiiya;bhao-baohaki]ain. 3.epi'f/i«<, 

Bkm; iBm; laqnb; khiUb. 3. et(M«, firqa; 

fall; paiigat; zit; qism; nautyat; bhUt. 

iatominaLion of land, qiam-i-iamlu ; naulyat- 

Dwonrfiiatiniial, adj. lit, qaum, ji firqe-k&. 

AwHiHo/wui dtffnenca. itutiUt. 

/It UeJ jrd paraUd. 

PwnriBtBatiYB, adj. ienil; bbao-batl&u; BJfStl; 

tniuUDufc; muBhakbklias; muzhir; tnusbjr. 

Daaadnstor, n. {ArUk) uaaab-ntitid; bant 

batita Bok; bar. 

'. a. jatani; batlua; dalilUt k. [sQba. 
inunt, □. ifib&ii aaziah ; izhar-i-man- 
OiBonM, T. a. Iinatk.idar jdr kahid;Uliaul 
jt chir harf bhejiUL 

AmokhmJ for > heretio. Mvrt, 

Hwwtmit tot U Mafdm. 
taut, a4i- ^''^i motl; gahr&; mnnjamid i 

kadf; Mftgln; fia paa kan-v&lL 
Bum, {Bat.) ghankZ; ghanA; gban-d&r. 
finai^ n. kadbt; g^hi-pau; motai; gbin. 

IMl^ mt, picliBk jine la niah&n; chot. 

13 DEP 

Dental, adj. [Lat. i&nfw, Skr. data, H. ddiU; 

Per. doniUri.] 1. pertaining to tha te»A, 

danll; daad&nl; sanlnl; d&nt ae ilS<^ rakh- 

ne-T&li, 3. (&ram.) jo dint kl madad ae boli 

jive; dantl. [irtjaiB&. 

Doitato, Sentftted, adj. dand&ne-dar; dimtfli; 

A dmlaJc leaf. DaMU yd daaddnt-dir pattd. 

Dentii!iilBte,DentionUted,adj, (Bat.) dan^Lne- 

dfcr. See Dentate. 
Dentiform, adj, dUit-B&; d&At-jfdaL 
Deutiflice, d. manjan ; aanfln ; miasl ; mitbarat. 
Deutiat, □. diAt ke ami&z U Ubib ; dftfit bana> 
ne jl lag&ne-TiU. [peahab. 

DentiatlT, n. dint ban&ne yi lagine U kam jIl 
Deutitiaa, n. dint nikalni ; dk^t k& btL^bah aur 

dikbSI den&. 
Dento Mnnate, (Bot.) dantl gbiil. 
Dentoid, adj. d&ut a; d&nt U shakl. 
Denndate, Dannde, v. a. [Lat. nmiare, H. 
mnljra it., to make naked] naog& k. ; biriilmft 
k. ; kapre nt&rofc. 
Denudation, n. 1. nafigt yl birahni k. ; kapra 
iit&m&. 2. (ffeol.) pKnl ke bobne ae mitU ilk 
pabaroA par aej&ti rahuK aur un ^ eaf nikal 
Kn&; pahkroA kl mitti k& pftnl as dhul j&na. 
D«oj, V. a. [Lat. n^ar*, H. itdln^ A. intdr k^ 
to deny.] I. cmUradiet, nitaft; inkftr k. 

DtKgina t. fault doubla it. Fnr. 

Qtuttr hi itiiSr dagui hart gvMgSr. 
% nfiut to grant, na den&; Da-manzOr k. 
to deny one'* eel/, man m&m&; indriifl bai 

k.; bait&g leuft; na&-knabl k.; na& roKmi. 
Deoduid, u. [Lat Deo damdve, to be given to 
Qod H. ^n^ a fine, penalty] dev-daud; bal; 
Deodu, n. {Bot.) ek qiam k& sarr; deoiUr, 
Deodoriiotion, □. dafa-i-bad-ba ; bu dOr k. 
Deodoriie, v. a. bad-b& dor k .; dnr-gandh alag k. 
DeodoriMT, n. d&faS bad-ba ; ba dor kame-rtl!l. 
Deoxidate, t. a. be-ankbljau L; aukaljan nikAl 

leuB; be-unaar k. 
Deozidation, a. be-ankaljaii k. 
Depart, t. n. \. quit, ohaUtjSni; sidhims; 
mkhxat h.; ilata lena; rav&na b.; j&nk; 
cbhon^; vidi b.; Ahi b.; tasbrif lejina; 
min^leuL 3. (be, mami; fauth.; intiq&t 
k.; kOchk. ; reblatk.; ddldmi; gnzamt; 
biukunth b&sbi fa. 

To deptat tbis lif*. Xarjl»A. 
3. deviate, mufui ; moin&j mOAh pbemi; 
pltbdiktuni; gumiahh.; inhiiafb. 
to de^Mrtfi-om, tark k.; tajaa; tyagni; ehbof- 
nt ; ty&g den& ; tjSgan i. ; olahik h. ; rukb- 
Department, n. gubdivinon of hutinati or ofi- 
tial duiy, eoriBhtah; elga; ilS^; moh&l; 
mahakma; mad; doftar. [mutoaDaq. 

Departmental, adj. dge, qiamat, yk iUqe ke 
C^porlMcaW eiaminatioa. JamiatimA Id tnttida. 

DEP 1 

Departure, n, 1, ih« rut, mTfingi; rukhsat; 

uhal ohalao; kiicli. 2. denth, fiiiit; ma.rg; 

uiaiit ; intiqal ; kdch ; nihlat • vhsd chaliio. 
3. deviatiaii, gumirihi ; tark; tajiivua j ki- 

nSru-kaahl; giirez. 
Depend, t. u. Llmrosa rakbiiS; munhasir li. ; 

Haharo ki iinzar rakhni; mucaullaq h,; um- 

meil rakbuaj tisra rakliiiS. 
DSfendence, n. 1. tx>utieclion, il&qa; vaatah; 

U^jao; iuqI; r&btuh; tauUtiq; Btuubaodh; 

ittifcll; rabt zabt. 2. ttibi'erlion, itaat; tabe- 

Ain; farraln-bartlail; adliinta; adhintai. 

3. that on which one Jependit, takya; aah&- 
la; asra; bharosi. [Uc'targt. Pro*. 

DcjUBiltnce u a poor trade. Prov. Bandagi 

4. rdianee, partit; etibar; bharosK 
Dependent, adj. mulitAJ; labe; ma<tahat; 

vabaatab; maiiqufj muiibauif; miitaailaq ; 

ttti'tiulmt tatooqaddr, tftfllliiqe-dar mnfnsaall. 

indcpfudenl landhoUsr, tajilliiqe-dikr husQd. 

Depeadent, u, daman-glr; vibaatuh; t5be. 

Depending, adj. mutantlaq ; bambandbL 

eiiedependin'j, QiuqaddamamarjQiL^adar-peRh. 

Deptot, V. ft. 1. tnavir, naqaba, ja Bhabrh 
kbencbni ya baoaiia ; adrat ;a rQp utiiuii. 
2. repreienl in wordji, hajaTi k,; likr k. ; 
laqrir k. ; likbna; aama tModhDa; rQp khari 
k. ; darsi dena; Sukboti kc K&niuo rOp yk 
BQmt kharl kariia; aakshftt dikhii dooa. 

Deplete, v. a. khOii nikHluai kliali k. 

Depletion, n. kliun iiikiilna. 

Deplorable, adj. qabil-i-arsos ; taasafangez ; 
riqqat-aiigez ; niatara-khei; bcchara; gam- 
gtii; kam-bikht. 

Deplorablt coiiilitiuo. TalH hdlat. 

Deplore, v. a. afsoa k. ; taassiif k. ; mStam k. 

Deploy, V. n. saf jd lui^i kl laiu Widhiia; paA- 
gftt bttiidlina. [ka phailana. 

Deploy, Deployment, n. (3fil.) aaf-baudl ; fauj 

Depone, V. a. gnvahl d, ; iiliar d. ; tnsdlq k. 

Depone, v, u. aakahi bhania; gavahid. ; sha- 
hadiit d. ; izhar dena. 

Deponent, adj. (Oram.) majhul ba^arat va 
luutniiddi Hl-mauI- majbdl-ul-aQrat mutAaddt- 

Deponent, u. 1. (£aip) one who dtpo»es, sikiii ; 
gftvah ; ahfthid; miizliir; izhar-dilianda ; 
gavahi deiie-vSla. 2. {arum.} mh fel jo ehakl 
wen majljill aur mano niRii inutaaddt. 

DepopnUte, v, a. iijSnia ; aflui k. ; (;iran k. ; 
gair-abad k, ; be-cliirag k.; tabsb k. ; bar- 
bad k, 

Orim death in diflbrent ihapes. 
iJepoputattt the DatioiiB, tliouBandi fill big 
vicUra.. PkUlipt 

K'^lmul ma'it mnHtnlif dhnng tt 
Said tarll hai taintfah rUh'j tt. F. C. 

Depopulation, II. ujar; Iwrbadl; virftna ; tabihi. 
Deport, V. a. 1. (rojwport, Ic-jaiii; pahun- 
charja; desnikalad. ; kbarij k. 

2. cUnuan, tariq ya dhatig iklitiyar It, ; vnue 


ban&nl; ohalnl; obalan ohalid; vaia ikhti- 

jSrk.; bartai> baratnlL [i-balad. 

Deportation, n. dea-nik&la; jala-vatani; ikbiaj- 
Deportment, u, dbaiii;; vaie; tarlq; liartao. 
Deposal, u. manqfifl; mazQli; barklii^tagi; 

bar-tarfi; cLhiitan. 
Depose, r. a. l.redii^eoriUvest ofoffii-t, bar-taraf 

k.; chhuriua; mauqai'k,; mazul k; dQr k.; 


ZIfpoMHkiqg. Bidthdkif/lTSjika lakfU te Htdmd. 

2. aver upon oath, aaklii bbama ; gavabi d. ; 

izbar d. ; abaluldat k. ; lialafan bayau k. 
Depose, v. n. gavabi, izbar, ya ahabadat deiii; 

Bakhi d.; muzhir bona. 
Deposit, V. a. 1. lay, dbarnil ; rakhni. 

A bird dtj-Dtiti Uer eggn in n nest. 
FaTaHd ghohilt men aniie deli hat. 

2. tntriut, siipurd k. ; aaiiupna ; hav&le k. ; 

dbaror ya auiilaat rakbul; ximiiie k. ; tahvll 

k. ; (4iudi k. [zar-i-am&nat 

Deposit, □. dbaror; aminat; tahvil; vadlat; 
deposit rtcftpl, dbaroT-bbar-[Kli ; rabid -i-am&i tat; 

ra-M. [dbaAg pe. 

bif waff of drfofic, ba-tartq-i-ftmSiiat ; dbarur ke 
tn depoMl,ondei-otil. aniaiiatmeii; dharofriien. 
kept in depofil, yiio& rukkbi gaya ; tahvil men 

diyS gaylL. 
Depositary, n. dharoriya; amSuat-dSr; amfa; 

fotcd&r; tobvildar. [sab&A-bandL 

Depoiition, n. gavShi; sakhi; ehahftdat; iabir; 
to taix damn a dtpotition, niiikb-boll yft kahan 

likhni ; zaban-Uiiniii k. ; jzbar likhiia. 
Depositor, n. dharofiya; amatiat rakhue-TiU; 

Depository, n. X.Uiepl'vx, godam; amanat- 

khiiia ; mubafzat-gilii ; mubaflz-kbaaa ; 

eakhlre-g&b ; toahe-kbuiia ; bhandlr; kuthi- 

yar ; niodt kbana. 3. the perton, amia ; dhuto- 

riyS. Sea Depoaitary. 
Depot, Q, See Depoaitory, 1. 
Depravation, n. bigar; zaval; abtarT; takhiil); 

zavftl-tazin. ' [zaliiiuk 

Deprave, V. a. bigarna; abtar k. ; khaiabk.; 
Depravity, u. khut; bigilr; kliata; nuqa; qa- 

Bur. ' [bhejuL 

Deprecate, v. a. f aubah k, ; ietlgtar k. ; \i haul 
Deprecation, u. taiibah; la-haul. 
Depreciate, v. a qimat ghataiia ; mol balka Ic ; 

ghatauaj kain-qadrt k, ; hetak.; ankboi^ se 

giraiia; dil Be u tarn a. 
Depreciation, n. ghatio; be-qadri. 
Depredation, n. garat-gari ; iQtkhaaot ; iQt iidr. 
Depradatoi, ii. Itttcra; garat-gar. 
Depress, v. a. [Lat. primere, H, bitichnd to press.] 
I. preei down, dabana; dabna; jhuk&ui; 

nicba k. S.drjed, udaa k. ; afaurdak.; dil- 

gir k. ; mnlQl k. 3. lasen tAe activity of, siut 

k. ; manda k. ; dbiml k. ; dbila k. 
Depression, □. 1 . the act, daiAa ; gitio ; jhukiln ; 

piubkao. 2. dejection, udaai; sustij malal; 

pazmiird.igi; azurda^; afaurdagl 

Dcprtiiioti of cpiritB. Afsurdak-dcli ; wtdA 




3. a ecadfy or hoUow, nasheb ; garh& ; kbi! ; 

^ir; khad. i, diminution of trade, manda; 

niand-v&fi; susti; su8ti*v&r&; aard-badlrL 
depreuion of the horizon, Dazar-gher-kon. 
d^preuion of the pole, qutbi jbukao. [chb&t. 
Sep rhratioiL, n. mahrilmi ; mauqufi ; bar-tarfl ; 
SepriTO, V. a. le lena ; akbz k. ; luabrum k. 
deprive of a right, haq leiia ja mSkrnft ja dabft- 

D& ; haq chhlDnft. 
deprive of life, jan se inarD& ya mar dSlna. 
Depth, n. gahrao; gahrai; umaq; nichan; 


The depth of the sea. Samandar kigahrdU 
hx the depth of DighL Adhl rat io, 

DepntatioAyQ. q&yam-maq&rai ; val^at ; amiui ; 

aifarat; ris&lat; Djabat. 
6jf deputation, niyabat se ; nj2bat ke xnansab se. 
liepllta, T. a. rav&na k. ; bhejnii; mukhtar, 

id&>7ab, safir ya vakil kar-ke bhejua. 
Deputy, n. (Cor,) dipti; n&yab ; amin. 
Denage, v. a. abtar k. ; be-tartlb k. ; darham 

barham k. ; ulat pulat k. ; ghal mel L ; be* 

intidm k. 
Derangement, n. abtari ; be-tartib! ; ulat pulat ; 

ghal mel ; gol mal ; darhami barbami ; be- 

itrangement of mind, behav&si ; bndh-bhang ; 

dilt-bhinn ; budh-bbirisbt ; budh-nasht ; 

mtishar ; paresh&ni ; muntashir-ul-aqli. 
Sirilietion, n. tark mutlaq; tySg; kinaiu- 

kaabi; qustlr. 

IhreUction of duty. Apnefarz meh qut^r h. 

Deride, v. a^ kisi par hnusua ; cbherua ; haM k« ; 

thatta k.; tahzik L ; banana; ulla ban&ua; 

^teh pltn&. 
Bcridon, n. hamsi; tahzik. 
BerlsiTe, adj. hansT-ka; sakhryi-angez. 
DeriTable,aclj.qabil-i-ikhriLj ; murokiu-ul-husul; 

mashtaq hone ke qabil ; l&yaq mustambat 

hone ke ; paida hone ke lilyaq. 
SeriTation, n. 1. (Gram.) m&dda; dbata. 

2. source, m&ddah ; masdar. 
SeriTatiYe, adj. mushtaq; kridant. 
Derive, v. a. [Lat de + rivus, H. rau a stream, 

Skr. rl to flow.] I, deduce, nikalua; paida k. ; 

nat^i uikalna; h&sil k. 2. trace the origin, 

asl. jaip, mal, y& buny&d daryaft k. 3. (Gram.) 

DdLdda uikalna ; dhata batlaua. 

Dermal, adj. kh&l-ka; jild!; chirm! ; postlnl. 
Dermaloid, Dermoid, adj. khalke musbabeh; 

khal-jiiiba; kh&l-sa; cham^-sa. 
Derogate, v. a. qadr ghataua; kam k.; karo- 

qadar k. ; be-vaqar k. ; haqlr k. ; bura k. 
Derogation, n. ghatHo; utar; man-ban; m&n- 

khaodan ; apman ; be-vaqii ; beqadri ; tabqir ; 

maiammat; tahattuk. 
Derogatory, adj. baisi-kasr-i-shan ; be-vaqri 

karne-Yili; tfdhattuk-amez. 
Deecaat, t. n. bay&n k. ; barnan k. ; kahna. 
▼. n. 1. niche ana; utama; nazil h. 

2. fall in order of inheritance to a nuee»9or^ 
viiasataii pahunchiia; tarke men aua ya 
milua; bipauti meia aua; b&nte ja hisse aua. 
descending constellation or signs, (Ast.) voh 
alamateib ya rasen jiu menko tftre jundb ki 
tamf guzarte bain. 
descendivg node, girah ke madar-i-gardish ke 
khat k& voh nuqtah jahau nuqta-i-raschakr 
ko juutib ki taraf guzarte hue katta bai. 
descending series, (Math.) ek silsilab jis men 
bar ek miqdar-murakkab ba-sbnmar-i-adiid 
kam ho pahll miqdar se; utarti lag; ghatta 
Descendant, n. bausb ; aulad ; santan ; nasi. 
Descent, n. 1. tJte act, utar; ghatao; dbalao. 
2. declivity, dhdl; dhulau; utar; uichan; 
nasheb. 3. incursion, charliaj; hamla; hilla; 
yilrisb ; daur ; takht ; fanj-kashL 
4. offspring, aulad ; nasi. 
descent in capillary attraction^ nali khinchao 
men utar-zor. [virse men. 

by descent, bipauti ya baiite men ; virasat se ; 
Describe, v. a. 1. delineate, iiaqsh k. ; shakl 
banaua ; banana ; khenchna ; khakah utarua. 
To describe a circle. Dd^rn yd chakkar handnd. 
2. give an account of bayan ya hal likhua ; 
bayau k. ; zikr k ; tarif bayan k. ; batlaua; 
taqt ir k. ; bakhanna. 
Description, n. 1. the act, bayan ; barnan; zikr. 

2. an account, kaifiyat ; hal ; tazkarah. 
dfscrij tion of a j^erson, khat o khal ; huliyah ; 

bashra; surat-sbakl; chehra-mohra. 
Descriptive, adj. mubaiyanah; muzhir; 

musharrah; suratnuraa; bayaniyah. 
descriptive anctomy, ilm-i-tashrih-i-aza ; sarir- 
jor biddy a. [huliya. 

descriptive roll, fard i-huliya ; chehrah-bandi ; 
Descry, v. a. dekhna ; maliim k. ; daryaft k. 
Desecrate, y. a. nijas k.; na-pak k.; gair 

mutabarrik k. ; bhirasht k. 
Desecration, n. na-paki ; bhirashttal. 
Desert, v. a. 1 . tajna ; ty agna ; tark k. ; chhorna. 
2. (Mil.) bagair ijazat ke chhorna; uaukri 
par se bhagA^; chhor bh&gua. 
Desert, V. n. bhagna; farar h. ; alop h. ; rH- 
posh h. ; uikal jana; gum ya ^yab bo jana; 
chal d. ; rafu-chakkar h. [sftua. 

Desert, adj. virau; tljar; gair-abad; uftadah; 
A deteri country. Vlrdnjangal. 
Registdn kd midk. Djar da. 
Desert, n. laq o daq maidan ; dasht ; kharabah ; 
vadi; viranah; registau; sahnl; badiya; 
bayabau ; retle maidan. 

Desertt of Africa. Sahra-i-afriqa. 
Desert, n. jauhar-i-zati ; qabliyat ; liyaqat ; gun. 
Desert and rewards go not often together. ProT. 
Ljfaqat aur indm aksar $ahg nahih hole. 
Deserter, n. farari; mafrQr; tarik; muhajir; 

kharji ; bhagonl ; chhor bhagQ. 
Desertion, n. tark; tiyag; fariU:; hijrat ; bhagg^; 

bhagar; bhagjana. 
desertion from service, naukri se bluLg jana. 


dturrtitn t>/ a ritvr [from Ht former channel,} 

Uli'iiiOIr ohttof jiiim; darijl kfi httt jniii. 
Seict/e, V. 11. KuivSr ti.; ilj'flq h,; jog h, ; 

uiiiHtaliai li. ; miietiiujit) li. ; niuqtiixl h. 

Firxt datrtt t,ni then Aetin. IVo*. 

faUt ttitt jag ban*, pithke lute kl ekiX bare. 
PaUe KiueiiAaij ha, flckhe Mdnjrit/ 
to dfKrve dralh, Tljib-ul-qatl li. ; plitAd ks 

laviiq h. ; phiLiiNi 1^ eiiEa-vir li. 
I^eaerredly, iidv. \i-m\, iusaf, ^ii niyao se ; yathl- 

yuj;; (ijil'i; vajihaii. [J'^S **zi-\ir. 

Seierviiigpart., n. Iljw) ; jog; (jfkbil; mustau- 
CeahabiUe, n- ifbarkil lilA» ; mlmuli tib&Bi gone 

ke kii(if>}; ghar mea pnhiiunc l(e kapfe. 
Deikoant, adj. ji>ili; khunhk knmo-v&lS; 

aiikliU; oiiQsiie-v&li ; nakiie-vMJL. 
Sei-ccaut, n. iMed.} nitiv&d kbiielik k&riio t^U 

lc|> ; aukhialei) ; jLcib marham. 
Desiccate, v. a. stikhiinu; jheI> k. ; sokiiili 

(iliflBiiH; khuttbk k. («. u.) e&klina; khuslik 

h. ; jac.h h. 
Deiicoation, n. khusfaki ; eOkba^ ; sQkb ; sqUirji. 
Deiicoatire, adj. sukhM ; j^ib. 
residemte, v. a, ch&hii&; Umuunl k.; kliu&- 

bisb ya ziirurat nkUiii. 
Deiiderative, adj. ch&htievilS; &rza-mi\i)(1. 
Seaideratum, II. muiltliia; inutlab; kboabish; 

m(i<l-i-iiaKar ; game; zutHmt; bitj&t; lUftng. 
Suiga, V. a. 1. tmee out, miqshn yl rQp bani- 

nil; kbAkn ut&niili kbeAuhiiE; raohuK. 
i. j'or^ a j4un. niHiisGba b&iidhna yil 

knni&; lAJvn k. ; bftniliiih k, ; ban&ui. 
i.nitaitt, irilda rakbuS ; I'lialititL; quad k. 
Seslgn, u. [ I At. de + liifnum, Skr. ekink, H. fiin 

sigii.] 1. a preliminary tketch, iiaqiba; 

kbaknh; tuaavoda; dhilncba; dliaiicU; iluiil. 
% a plait or ifheme, todblr; maiitillbah ; 

tajvU; ujAb'; gbit; fitrat, ^.contrivance, 

tadblv; band a host; iuti^tim; tarkib. 
4. uint, ivfeiitiottf iitynt; irada; ruuriUl; 

uanalia; niiiddfl&; aim; qiud; auniaC ; 

miul-i-iiaBuv ; gams; tajvU. fi. plot, boiidUb; 

fiauah ; MiidbiiQ; batilvat, 
artt o/driigu, funQn-i-daat'liii I ; rniiuii-i-Banat. 
fc/.W ti/tliM'jn, uiodraaa-i-daatk&i I. 
Designate, v. a. ii&in nikbnai kaLIJln&; mu- 

laqciuli k } niaiiHani k. tptvdvl. 

Deaignatian, il 1, tlittinctivt title, nam ; Inqab ; 

3. »m/«i(, mtiil; arth; muiwl; matbih, 

DeBJgnedl7,adv, j&Li brijb-ko; qitsdnn; bil-it1l<)il; 

bil-qasd ; dida i> diiiialab j mnndaa ; saniujii- 

ko ; jiii-ko. 
Designer, n. niujid; banaiio-valfi ; k&ri-gar. 
Deiiguiiig, p. adj. kajiti; titrati; chnlilk; dag&- 

baz; farelii. " [log; aQjar-fi trail. 

demfining mm, kar-wi log; kapH adm